« ForrigeFortsett »
(5) Most of these youths can be diverted from a life of crime into productive citizenship with available educational, vocational, work skills, and related service programs.
(6) If not involved with educational programs while incarcerated, almost all of these youths will return to a life of crime upon release.
(7) The average length of sentence for a youth offender is about 3 years. Time spent in prison provides a unique opportunity for education and training.
(8) Even with quality education and training provided during incarceration, a period of intense supervision, support, and counseling is needed upon release to ensure effective reintegration of youth offenders into society.
(9) Research consistently shows that the vast majority of incarcerated youths will not return to the public schools to complete their education.
(10) There is a need for alternative educational opportunities during incarceration and after release. (b) DEFINITION.
For purposes of this part, the term "youth offender" means a male or female offender under the age of 25, who is incarcerated in a State prison, including a prerelease facility.
(c) GRANT PROGRAM. - The Secretary of Education (in this section referred to as the "Secretary") shall establish a program in accordance with this section to provide grants to the State correctional education agencies in the States, from allocations for the States under subsection (i), to assist and encourage incarcerated youths to acquire functional literacy, life, and job skills, through the pursuit of a postsecondary education certificate, or an associate of arts or bachelor's degree while in prison, and employment counseling and other related services which start during incarceration and continue through prerelease and while on parole.
(d) APPLICATION.- To be eligible for a grant under this section, a State correctional education agency shall submit to the Secretary a proposal for a youth offender program that
(1) identifies the scope of the problem, including the number of incarcerated youths in need of postsecondary education and vocational training;
(2) lists the accredited public or private educational institution or institutions that will provide postsecondary educational services;
(3) lists the cooperating agencies, public and private, or businesses that will provide related services, such as counseling in the areas of career development, substance abuse, health, and parenting skills;
(4) describes the evaluation methods and performance measures that the State correctional education agency will employ, which methods and measures
(A) shall be appropriate to meet the goals and objectives of the proposal; and (B) shall include measures of
(i) program completion;
(ii) student academic and vocational skill attainment;
(iii) success in job placement and retention; and
(iv) recidivism; (5) describes how the proposed programs are to be integrated with existing State correctional education programs (such as adult education, graduate education degree programs, and vocational training) and State industry programs;
(6) addresses the educational needs of youth offenders who are in alternative programs (such as boot camps); and
(7) describes how students will be selected so that only youth offenders eligible under subsection (f) will be enrolled in postsecondary programs.
(e) PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS.—Each State correctional education agency receiving a grant under this section shall
(1) integrate activities carried out under the grant with the objectives and activities of the school-to-work programs of such State, including
(A) work experience or apprenticeship programs;
(B) transitional worksite job training for vocational education students that is related to the occupational goals of such students and closely linked to classroom and laboratory instruction;
(C) placement services in occupations that the students are preparing to enter;
(D) employment-based learning programs; and
(E) programs that address State and local labor shortages;
(2) annually report to the Secretary and the Attorney General on the results of the evaluations conducted using the methods and performance measures contained in the proposal; and
(3) provide to each State for each student eligible under subsection (f) not more than $1,500 annually for tuition, books, and essential materials, and not more than $300 annually for related services such as career development, substance abuse counseling, parenting skills training, and health education, for each eligible incarcerated youth.
(f) STUDENT ELIGIBILITY.-A youth offender shall be eligible for participation in a program receiving a grant under this section if the youth offender
(1) is eligible to be released within 5 years (including a youth offender who is eligible for parole within such time); and
(2) is 25 years of age or younger. (g) LENGTH OF PARTICIPATION.—Ă State correctional education agency receiving a grant under this section shall provide educational and related services to each participating youth offender for a period not to exceed 5 years, 1 year of which may be devoted to study in a graduate education degree program or to remedial education services for students who have obtained a secondary school diploma or its recognized equivalent. Educational and related services shall start during the period of incarceration in prison or prerelease and may continue during the period of parole.
(h) EDUCATION DELIVERY SYSTEMS. State correctional education agencies and cooperating institutions shall, to the extent practicable, use high-tech applications in developing programs to meet the requirements and goals of this section.
(i) ALLOCATION OF FUNDS.-From the funds appropriated pursuant to subsection (j) for each fiscal year, the Secretary shall allot to each State an amount that bears the same relationship to such funds as the total number of students eligible under subsection (f) in such State bears to the total number of such students in all States.
(j) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section $17,000,000 for fiscal year 1999 and such sums as may be necessary for each of the 4 succeeding fiscal years.
PART E-GRANTS TO COMBAT VIOLENT
SEC. 826. (20 U.S.C. 1152) GRANTS TO COMBAT VIOLENT CRIMES
AGAINST WOMEN ON CAMPUSES. (a) GRANTS AUTHORIZED.
(1) IN GENERAL.- The Attorney General is authorized to make grants to institutions of higher education, for use by such institutions or consortia consisting of campus personnel, student organizations, campus administrators, security personnel, and regional crisis centers affiliated with the institution, to develop and strengthen effective security and investigation strategies to combat violent crimes against women on campuses, and to develop and strengthen victim services in cases involving violent crimes against women on campuses, which may include partnerships with local criminal justice authorities and community-based victim services agencies.
(2) AWARD BASIS.—The Attorney General shall award grants and contracts under this section on a competitive basis.
(3) EQUITABLE PARTICIPATION.—The Attorney General shall make every effort to ensure
(A) the equitable participation of private and public institutions of higher education in the activities assisted under this section; and
(B) the equitable geographic distribution of grants under this section among the various regions of the United
States. (b) USE OF GRANT FUNDS.Grant funds awarded under this section may be used for the following purposes:
(1) To provide personnel, training, technical assistance, data collection, and other equipment with respect to the increased apprehension, investigation, and adjudication of persons committing violent crimes against women on campus.
(2) To train campus administrators, campus security personnel, and personnel serving on campus disciplinary or judicial boards to more effectively identify and respond to violent crimes against women on campus, including the crimes of sexual assault, stalking, and domestic violence.
(3) To implement and operate education programs for the prevention of violent crimes against women.
(4) To develop, enlarge, or strengthen support services programs, including medical or psychological counseling, for victims of sexual offense crimes.
(5) To create, disseminate, or otherwise provide assistance and information about victims' options on and off campus to bring disciplinary or other legal action.
(6) To develop and implement more effective campus policies, protocols, orders, and services specifically devoted to prevent, identify, and respond to violent crimes against women on campus, including the crimes of sexual assault, stalking, and domestic violence.
(7) To develop, install, or expand data collection and communication systems, including computerized systems, linking campus security to the local law enforcement for the purpose of identifying and tracking arrests, protection orders, violations of protection orders, prosecutions, and convictions with respect to violent crimes against women on campus, including the crimes of sexual assault, stalking, and domestic violence.
(8) To develop, enlarge, or strengthen victim services programs for the campus and to improve delivery of victim services on campus.
(9) To provide capital improvements (including improved lighting and communications facilities but not including the construction of buildings) on campuses to address violent crimes against women on campus, including the crimes of sexual assault, stalking, and domestic violence.
(10) To support improved coordination among campus administrators, campus security personnel, and local law enforcement to reduce violent crimes against women on campus. (c) APPLICATIONS.
(1) IN GENERAL.-In order to be eligible to be awarded a grant under this section for any fiscal year, an institution of higher education shall submit an application to the Attorney General at such time and in such manner as the Attorney General shall prescribe.
(2) CONTENTS.-Each application submitted under paragraph (1) shall
(A) describe the need for grant funds and the plan for implementation for any of the purposes described in subsection (b);
(B) describe how the campus authorities shall consult and coordinate with nonprofit and other victim services programs, including sexual assault and domestic violence victim services programs;
(C) describe the characteristics of the population being served, including type of campus, demographics of the population, and number of students;
(D) provide measurable goals and expected results from the use of the grant funds;
(E) provide assurances that the Federal funds made available under this section shall be used to supplement and, to the extent practical, increase the level of funds that would, in the absence of Federal funds, be made available by the institution for the purposes described in subsection (b); and
(F) include such other information and assurances as the Attorney General reasonably determines to be necessary.
(3) COMPLIANCE WITH CAMPUS CRIME REPORTING REQUIRED.—No institution of higher education shall be eligible for a grant under this section unless such institution is in compliance with the requirements of section 485(f) of the Higher Education Act of 1965. (d) GENERAL TERMS AND CONDITIONS.
(1) NONMONETARY ASSISTANCE.- In addition to the assistance provided under this section, the Attorney General may request any Federal agency to use the agency's authorities and the resources granted to the agency under Federal law (including personnel, equipment, supplies, facilities, and managerial, technical, and advisory services) in support of campus security, and investigation and victim service efforts. (2) GRANTEE REPORTING.
(A) ANNUAL REPORT.-Each institution of higher education receiving a grant under this section shall submit an annual performance report to the Attorney General. The Attorney General shall suspend funding under this section for an institution of higher education if the institution fails to submit an annual performance report.
(B) FINAL REPORT.-Upon completion of the grant period under this section, the institution shall file a performance report with the Attorney General and the Secretary of Education explaining the activities carried out under this section together with an assessment of the effectiveness of those activities in achieving the purposes described in subsection (b).
(3) REPORT TO CONGRESS.—Not later than 180 days after the end of the fiscal year for which grants are awarded under this section, the Attorney General shall submit to the committees of the House of Representatives and the Senate responsible for issues relating to higher education and crime, a report that includes
(A) the number of grants, and the amount of funds, distributed under this section;
(B) a summary of the purposes for which the grants were provided and an evaluation of the progress made under the grant;
(C) a statistical summary of the persons served, detailing the nature of victimization, and providing data on age, sex, race, ethnicity, language, disability, relationship to offender, geographic distribution, and type of campus; and
(D) an evaluation of the effectiveness of programs funded under this part, including information obtained from reports submitted pursuant to section 485(f) of the Higher Education Act of 1965.
(4) REGULATIONS OR GUIDELINES.-Not later than 120 days after the date of enactment of this section, the Attorney General, in consultation with the Secretary of Education, shall publish proposed regulations or guidelines implementing this section. Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of