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(8) "satisfactory progress toward a degree or certificate” has the meaning given to such term by the institution at which the student is enrolled.
(b) The following conditions shall apply for the purpose of determining the Indian student count pursuant to paragraph (7) of subsection (a):
(1) Such number shall be calculated on the basis of the registrations of Indian students as in effect at the conclusion of the third week of each academic term.
(2) Credits earned in classes offered during a summer term shall be counted toward the computation of the Indian student count in the succeeding fall term.
(3) Credits earned by any student who has not obtained a high school degree or its equivalent shall be counted toward the computation of the Indian student count if the institution at which the student is in attendance has established criteria for the admission of such student on the basis of the student's ability to benefit from the education or training offered. The institution shall be presumed to have established such criteria if the admission procedures for such studies include counseling or testing that measures the student's aptitude to successfully complete the course in which the student has enrolled. No credits earned by such student for purposes of obtaining a high school degree or its equivalent shall be counted toward the computation of the Indian student count.
(4) Indian students earning credits in any continuing education program of a tribally controlled college or university shall be included in determining the sum of all credit hours.
(5) Credits earned in a continuing education program shall be converted to a credit-hour basis in accordance with the tribally controlled college or university's system for providing credit for participation in such program.
(6) No credit hours earned by an Indian student who is not making satisfactory progress toward a degree or certificate, shall be taken into account.
TITLE ITRIBALLY CONTROLLED COLLEGES OR
PURPOSE SEC. 101. [25 U.S.C. 1802] It is the purpose of this title to provide grants for the operation and improvement of tribally controlled colleges or universities to insure continued and expanded educational opportunities for Indian students, and to allow for the improvement and expansion of the physical resources of such institutions.
GRANTS AUTHORIZED SEC. 102. (25 U.S.C. 1803] (a) The Secretary shall, subject to appropriations, make grants pursuant to this title to tribally controlled colleges or universities to aid in the postsecondary education of Indian students.
(b) Grants made pursuant to this title shall go into the general operating funds of the institution to defray, at the determination of the tribally controlled college or university, expenditures for academic, educational, and administrative purposes and for the operation and maintenance of the the college or university. Funds provided pursuant to this title shall not be used in connection with religious worship or sectarian instruction.
ELIGIBLE GRANT RECIPIENTS SEC. 103. (25 U.S.C. 1804) To be eligible for assistance under this title, a tribally controlled college or university must be one which
(1) is governed by a board of directors or board of trustees a majority
of which are Indians; (2) demonstrates adherence to stated goals, a philosophy, or a plan of operation which is directed to meet the needs of Indians; and
(3) if in operation for more than one year, has students a majority of whom are Indians.
PLANNING GRANTS SEC. 104. (25 U.S.C. 1804a) (a) The Secretary shall establish a program in accordance with this section to make grants to tribes and tribal entities (1) to conduct planning activities for the purpose of developing proposals for the establishment of tribally controlled colleges or universities, or (2) to determine the need and potential for the establishment of such colleges or universities.
(b) The Secretary shall establish, by regulation, procedures for the submission and review of applications for grants under this section.
(c) From the amount appropriated to carry out this title for any fiscal year (exclusive of sums appropriated for section 105), the Secretary shall reserve (and expend) an amount necessary to make grants to five applicants under this section of not more than $15,000 each, or an amount necessary to make grants in that amount to each of the approved applicants, if less than five apply and are approved.
TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE CONTRACTS SEC. 105. (25 U.S.C. 1805) The Secretary shall provide, upon request from a tribally controlled college or university which is receiving funds under section 108, technical assistance either directly or through contract. In the awarding of contracts for technical assistance,
preference shall be given to an organization designated by the tribally controlled college or university to be assisted. No authority to enter into contracts provided by this section shall be effective except to the extent authorized in advance by appropriations Acts.
ELIGIBILITY STUDIES SEC. 106. [25 U.S.C. 1806] (a) The Secretary is authorized to enter into an agreement with the Secretary of Education to assist the Bureau of Indian Affairs in developing plans, procedures, and criteria for conducting the eligibility studies required by this section. Such agreement shall provide for continuing technical assistance in the conduct of such studies.
(b) The Secretary, within thirty days after a request by any Indian tribe, shall initiate a eligibility study to determine whether there is justification to encourage and maintain a tribally controlled college or university, and, upon a positive determination, shall aid in the preparation of grant applications and related budgets which will insure successful operation of such an institution. Such a positive determination shall be effective for the fiscal year succeeding the fiscal year in which such determination is made.
(c) Funds to carry out the purposes of this section for any fiscal year may be drawn from either
(1) general administrative appropriations to the Secretary made after the date of enactment of this Act for such fiscal year; or
(2) not more than 5 per centum of the funds appropriated to carry out section 107 for such fiscal year.
GRANTS TO TRIBALLY CONTROLLED COLLEGES OR UNIVERSITIES
SEC. 107. [25 U.S.C. 1807) (a) Grants shall be made under this title only in response to applications by tribally controlled community colleges or universities. Such applications shall be submitted at such time, in such manner, and will contain or be accompanied by such information as the Secretary may reasonably require pursuant to regulations. Such application shall include a description of recordkeeping procedures for the expenditure of funds received under this Act which will allow the Secretary to audit and monitor programs conducted with such funds. The Secretary shall not consider any grant application unless a eligibility study has been conducted under section 106 and it has been found that the applying college or university will service a reasonable student population.
(b) The Secretary shall consult with the Secretary of Education to determine the reasonable number of students required to support a tribally controlled college or university. Consideration shall be given to such factors as tribal and cultural differences, isolation, the presence of alternate education sources, and proposed curriculum.
(c) Priority in grants shall be given to institutions which are operating on the date of enactment of this Act and which have a history of service to the Indian people. In the first year for which funds are appropriated to carry out this section, the number of grants shall be limited to not less than eight nor more than fifteen.
(d) In making grants pursuant to this section, the Secretary shall, to the extent practicable, consult with national Indian organizations and with tribal governments chartering the institutions being considered.
AMOUNT OF GRANTS
SEC. 108. [25 U.S.C. 1808] (a) Except as provided in section 111, the Secretary shall, subject to appropriations, grant for each academic year to each tribally controlled college or university having an application approved by him an amount equal to the product of
(1) the Indian student count at such college or university during the academic year preceding the academic year for which such funds are being made available, as determined by the Secretary in accordance with section 2(a)(7); and
(2) $6,000, except that no grant shall exceed the total cost of the education program provided by such college or university.
(b)(1) The Secretary shall make payments, pursuant to grants under this Act, of not less than 95 percent of the funds available for allotment by October 15 or no later than 14 days after appropriations become available, with a payment equal to the remainder of any grant to which a grantee is entitled to be made no later than January 1 of each fiscal year.
(2) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary shall not, in disbursing funds provided under this title, use any method of payment which was not used during fiscal year 1987 in the disbursement of funds provided under this title.
(3)(A) Notwithstanding any provision of law other than subparagraph (B), any interest or investment income that accrues on any funds provided under this title after such funds are paid to the tribally controlled college or university and before such funds are expended for the purpose for which such funds were provided under this title shall be the property of the tribally controlled college or university and shall not be taken into account by any officer or employee of the Federal Government in determining whether to provide assistance, or the amount of assistance, to the tribally controlled college or university under any provision of Federal law.
(B) All interest or investment income described in subparagraph (A) shall be expended by the tribally controlled college or university by no later than the close of the fiscal year succeeding the fiscal year in which such interest or investment income ac
(4) Funds provided under this title may only be invested by the tribally controlled college or university in obligations of the United States or in obligations or securities that are guaranteed or insured by the United States.
(c)(1) Each institution receiving payments under this title shall annually provide to the Secretary an accurate and detailed accounting of its operating and maintenance expenses and such other information concerning costs as the Secretary may request.
(2) The Secretary shall, in consultation with the National Center for Education Statistics, establish a data collection system for the purpose of obtaining accurate information with respect to the needs and costs of operation and maintenance of tribally controlled colleges or universities.
(d) Nothing in this section shall be construed as interfering with, or suspending the obligation of the Bureau for, the implementation of all legislative provisions enacted prior to April 28, 1988, specifically including those of Public Law 98–192.
EFFECT ON OTHER PROGRAMS SEC. 109. [25 U.S.C. 1809] (a) Except as specifically provided in this title, eligibility for assistance under this title shall not, by itself, preclude the eligibility of any tribally controlled college or university to receive Federal financial assistance under any program authorized under the Higher Education Act of 1965 or any other applicable program for the benefit of institutions of higher education, community colleges, or postsecondary educational institutions.
(b)(1) The amount of any grant for which tribally controlled colleges or universities are eligible under section 108 shall not be altered because of funds allocated to any such colleges or universities from funds appropriated under the Act of November 2, 1921 (42 Stat. 208; 25 U.S.C. 13).
(2) No tribally controlled college or university shall be denied funds appropriated under such Act of November 2, 1921 (42 Stat. 208; 25 U.S.C. 13).
(3) No tribally controlled college or university for which a tribe has designated a portion of the funds appropriated for the tribe from funds appropriated under the Act of November 2, 1921 (42 Stat. 208; 25 U.S.C. 13) may be denied a contract for such portion under the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 450 et seq.) (except as provided in that Act), or denied appropriate contract support to administer such portion of the appropriated funds.
(c) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, funds provided under this title to the tribally controlled college or university may be treated as non-Federal law which requires that non-Federal or private funds of the college or university be used in a project or for a specific purpose.
SEC. 110. [25 U.S.C. 1810] (a)(1) There is authorized to be appropriated, for the purpose of carrying out section 105, $3,200,000 for fiscal year 1999 and such sums as may be necessary for each of the 4 succeeding fiscal years.
(2) There is authorized to be appropriated for the purpose of carrying out section 107, $40,000,000 for fiscal year 1999 and such sums as may be necessary for each of the 4 succeeding fiscal years.
(3) There is authorized to be appropriated for the purpose of carrying out sections 112(b) and 113, $10,000,000 for fiscal year 1999 and such sums as may be necessary for each of the 4 succeeding fiscal years.
(4) Funds appropriated pursuant to the authorizations under this section for the fiscal year 1999 and for each of the succeeding 4 fiscal years shall be transferred by the Secretary of the Treasury through the most expeditious method available, with each of the tribally controlled colleges or universities being designated as its own certifying agency.
(b)(1) For the purpose of affording adequate notice of funding available under this Act, amounts appropriated in an appropriation Act for any fiscal year to carry out this Act shall become available