Middle Voice: A Comparative Study in the Syntax-semantics Interface of German
John Benjamins Publishing, 1. jan. 2002 - 337 sider
This book offers a completely new analysis of the syntax and semantics of transitive reflexive sentences in German, which is embedded in the major phenomenon of the middle voice in Indo-European languages. It integrates the interpretation of non-argument reflexives into a modified version of recent theories of binding. The ambiguity of the reflexive pronoun is derived at the interface between syntax and semantics and does not rely on additional lexical or syntactic rules of argument suppression and argument promotion. This shift towards the semantic interpretation of syntactic arguments enables the author to offer a unified analysis of the middle, the anticausative and the reflexive interpretations. Furthermore, the crucial distinction between structural and oblique case forms is discussed and it is illustrated how specific properties of middle constructions such as adverbial modification or subject responsibility can be related to the generic interpretation of middle constructions.
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Middle constructions and middle voice
The syntax of transitive reflexive sentences
The interpretation of reflexive pronouns in German
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Middle Voice: A comparative study in the syntax-semantics interface of German
Begrenset visning - 2002
A-chain According accusative object accusative reflexive pronoun active additional adjunct middles adverbial alternatives ambiguity analysis anaphor anticausative argue argument reflexive assigned assumption binding bound Buch called Chapter clause complex condition contain context contrast corresponding dative objects derived detail discussion distinction distinguish Dutch easily element English event example external finally focus further German grammatical Hence illustrated impersonal middle constructions inherent reflexive interpretation issue Italian kinds languages lexical linked Maria meaning middle constructions middle formation middle marker middle voice modification morphological morphosyntactic nominative non-argument reflexive Note oblique observation operator opposed PARTICLE passive personal pronouns Peter position possible predicates present principle properties quickly receive reduction refer reflexive interpretation respect restricted seems seen sells semantic argument sich situation specified strong structural syntactic syntax third tion topic transitive reflexive sentences turn unaccusative unlike usually variable verb verbal washes weak