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LETTER OF TRANSMITTAL

JANUARY 4, 1957. To Members of Committees on Interior and Insular Affairs, and

Public Works: In pursuance of the responsibilities placed on our committees by Senate Resolution 281, adopted by the Senate on July 26, 1956, requests for comments, suggestions, and recommendations were addressed to all Federal, State, and other agencies concerned. Specific information was sought from Federal agencies in the form of examples of the application of several methods of cost allocations.

Responses that undoubtedly will be helpful are attached and are being circulated in a committee print to agencies and individuals who have evinced interest in the objectives of Senate Resolution 281.

We have directed our respective staffs to cooperate in the preparation of analyses of the responses. Further comments from interested agencies are solicited with a view to having an appropriate resolution prepared for introduction and reference jointly to our committees early in the 85th Congress.

We will be pleased to have any comments or suggestions individual members, agencies, or organizations may have to offer by January 25, 1957.

Copies of this committee print are being sent to Federal, State, and other agencies, with invitations to have accredited representatives present at a conference to be held in room 224-A, Senate Office Building, at 2 p. m., Monday, February 4, 1957, for an informal discussion of Senate Resolution 281. All agencies, organizations, and individuals concerned, as well as committee members, are invited to have representatives present at the conference.

JAMES E. MURRAY, Chairman, Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs.

DENNIS CHAVEZ, Chairman, Committee on Public Works.

(The material referred to follows:) Senate Resolution 281 is as follows:

RESOLUTION

Whereas the Bureau of the Budget, on December 31, 1952,

issued Circular Numbered A-47, prescribing standards,
procedures, and policies for the evaluation of proposed
Federal projects for land and water resources conservation

and development; and
Whereas the Bureau of the Budget, on November 29, 1954,

proposed a revision of Circular Numbered A-47, the ap

plication of which would impose further restriction by the executive agencies on Federal participation in the conservation and development of land and water resources, and on which hearings were held by the House Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs March 15 and March 30, 1955;

and Whereas on January 17, 1956, the President of the United

States transmitted to the Congress the Report (House Document Numbered 315, Eighty-fourth Congress, second session) of the Presidential Advisory Committee on Water Resources Policy, consisting of the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of the Interior, and the Secretary of Agriculture, designated by the President May 26, 1954, with a recommendation that "*** the Congress give prompt attention to its proposals”; and Whereas it is stated, at page 84 of the Economic Report of the

President, transmitted to the Congress January 24, 1956, that “in due course, legislative proposals will be submitted to implement the recommendations of the Presidential Advisory Committee on Water Resources Policy, but no such proposals have yet been submitted to the Congress and instead it is indicated that the ecommendations may be

implemented by diect action onf the executive agencies; and Whereas notwithstanding that the conditions recited in this

resolution result by reason of policies or actions under more than one national administration and by more than one branch and department of the Federal Government, it is desirable that this Congress initiate proper corrective action: Now, therefore, be it

Resolved, That it is the sense of the Senate that the stabilization of the national economy and the effectuation of the wisest, most orderly, and most economic utilization of the land and water resources of the Nation for the widest possible public benefit require that the Congress continue to exercise all of its constitutional powers to encourage the conservation and development of such resources to establish national policy pertaining thereto, and that any nullification by the executive agencies of this long-established principle would constitute a usurpation of the legislative power.

Sec. 2. That land and water resources development should be planned in comprehensive bases and with a view to such an ultimately integrated operation of component segments as will insure the realization of an optimum degree of physical and economic efficiency.

Sec. 3. That the number of Federal agencies, offices, and organizations having to do with the planning and review of projects for the conservation and development of land and water resources should be reduced, rather than increased, and that technical and administrative routing and review procedures should be simplified and shortened in order to facilitate and to accelerate the submittal of reports to the Congress in support of requests for the authorization of projects.

Sec. 4. That reports to the Congress in support of requests for the authorization of projects for the conservation and derelopment of land and water resources should include evaluations made in accordance with criteria prescribed by the Congress, and that they should fully disclose the details and results of all studies and analyses of all potential utilizations, costs, allocations, payout, and benefits, both direct and indirect, made by all interested operating agencies.

Sec. 5. That the preservation of the constitutional principle of separation of powers requires that any departure by the executive agencies from the observance and employment of the policies, standards, procedures, and techniques reflected in and growing out of the law governing the conservation and development of the land and water resources of the Nation be effected only after approval by the Congress.

SEC. 6. That the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs and the Committee on Public Works be, and they hereby are, directed jointly to study, in consultation with other appropriate committees and executive agencies, and to design and to formalize a comprehensive and particularized sets of standards and overall criteria for the evaluation of all proposed projects for the conservation and development of land and water resources, including attention to the several specific factors recognized in section 4 of this resolution, all to the end that the Congress shall fully exercise its constitutional powers, as reflected throughout the text of this resolution. The Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs and the Committee on Public Works are hereby directed to submit to the Senate, as early as practicable during the first session of the Eighty-fifth Congress, a detailed report with respect to their implemetnation of this section. The following memorandum requested comments and collaboration:

UNITED STATES SENATE,
COMMITTEE ON INTERIOR AND INSULAR AFFAIRS,

COMMITTEE ON PUBLIC WORKS,
Washington, D. C., July 27, 1956.

MEMORANDUM TO CONGRESSIONAL COMMITTEES, FEDERAL AND
STATE AGENCIES, ORGANIZATIONS AND INDIVIDUALS CONCERNED

The United States Senate, on July 26, adopted Senate Resolution 281, relating to national water projects, policies, and procedures. This resolution was recommended jointly by the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs and the Committee on Public Works, after hearings in which representatives of executive agencies, other organizations and individuals appeared.

The attached report to the Senate, No. 2686, by the two committees sets forth views on the importance of this subject. It stresses the necessity for the Congress to lay down ground rules with respect to information to be furnished in connection with proposed water projects, procedures and related matters.

Section 6 of the resolution directs the two committees, jointly, to study, design, and formalize "a comprehensive

and particularized set of standards and overall criteria for
the evaluation of all proposed projects for the conservation
and development of land and water resources." Particular
attention is directed to specific factors set forth in section 4
of the resolution, which is printed in the form adopted by
the Senate on pages 18-19, at the conclusion of the com-
mittees' report.

In pursuance of the directive of the Senate, the two com-
mittees are directing a thorough examination of the problem
and are seeking the cooperation of all concerned. To this end
the request is hereby made that each agency, Federal or State,
any organization or individual interested submit its views,
suggestions, or other detailed information to the committees
by November 1, 1956. At least 5 copies of the material should
be submitted by that date.

You will note that the committees are under instructions to
report to the Senate as early as practicable in the 85th Con-
gress and your cooperation in submitting material in the
form of suggestions or recommendations will be appreciated.

JAMES E. MURRAY,
Chairman, Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs.

CLINTON P. ANDERSON,
Chairman, Subcommittee on Irrigation and Reclamation.

DENNIS CHAVEZ,
Chairman, Committee on Public Works.

ROBERT S. KERR.
Chairman, Subcommittee on Flood Control.
Address replies to: Chairman, room 224-A, Senate Office
Building, Washington 25, D. C.
Acceptance of the invitation to collaborate in considerations pur-
suant to S. Res. 281, and designation of a liaison staff representative
have been received from:
Hon. Allen J. Ellender, chairman, Committee on Agriculture and

Forestry, United States Senate Hon. Clair Engle, chairman, Committee on Interior and Insular Af

fairs, House of Representatives Hon. Harold D. Cooley, chairman, Committee on Agriculture, House

of Representatives Hon. Charles A. Buckley, chairman, Committee on Public Works,

House of Representatives

Comments have been received from the following officials of the executive branch: Comptroller General of the United States Bureau of the Budget Federal Power Commission Secretary of the Army Secretary of the Interior Secretary of Agriculture

The latter three departments, as requested, also furnished detailed information and specific data relative to cost allocations and costbenefit calculations.

Comments have been received from officials of the States of California, New Mexico, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Washington, and Wyoming

Comments also have been received from the Upper Colorado River Commision, composed of representatives of the States of Colorado, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming.

Comments have been received from the following organizations: Arkansas Basin Development Association Association of Western State Engineers Connecticut River Valley Flood Control Association H. C. Gee Kaskaskia Valley Association Los Angeles Chamber of Commerce McCall, Parkhurst, & Crowe National Reclamation Association Northwest Public Power Association Water Resources Associated Engineers Joint Council

A summary of the individual comments is attached, and each of the communications follows.

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