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EQUAL PAY FOR EQUAL WORK FOR WOMEN
SPECIAL SUBCOMMITTEE OF P. COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION AND LABOR
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
H. R. 1584 and H. R. 2438
BILLS PROVIDING EQUAL PAY FOR EQUAL WORK FOR
WOMEN, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES
HEARINGS HELD AT WASHINGTON, D. C.
MAY 17, 18, AND 19, 1950
Printed for the use of the Committee on Education and Labor
JOHN LESINSKI, Michigan, Chairman GRAHAM A. BARDEN, North Carolina SAMUEL K. MCCONNELL, JR., Pennsylvania AUGUSTINE B. KELLEY, Pennsylvania RALPH W. GWINN, New York ADAM C. POWELL, JR., New York
WALTER E. BREHM, Ohio JOHN S. WOOD, Georgia
WINT SMITH, Kansas JOHN F. KENNEDY, Massachusetts
CARROLL D. KEARNS, Pennsylvania WINGATE H. LUCAS, Texas
RICHARD M. NIXON, California CLEVELAND M. BAILEY, West Virginia THRUSTON BALLARD MORTON, Kentucky LEONARD IRVING, Missouri
THOMAS H. WERDEL, California
HAROLD H. VELDE, Illinois
JOSEPH KOSKI, Clerk
SPECIAL SUBCOMMITTEE ON EQUAL PAY FOR EQUAL WORK FOR WOMEN
AUGUSTINE B. KELLEY, Pennsylvania, Chairman THOMAS H. BURKE, Ohio
RALPH W. GWINN, New York
WALTER E. BREHM, Ohio
Miles, Clarence R., in behalf of Chamber of Commerce of United
Ziegler, Martha J., superintendent, State of Illinois Department of
Labor, division of women's and children's employment.--
Donnelly, J. L., executive vice president, Illinois Manufacturers'
Teplow, Leo, associate director, industrial relations division, National
Association of Manufacturers, New York City --
Woolhouse, Hon. Chase Going, a Representative in Congress from
the State of Connecticut.
EQUAL PAY FOR EQUAL WORK FOR WOMEN
WEDNESDAY, MAY 17, 1950
SPECIAL SUBCOMMITTEE OF THE
Washington, D. C. The special subcommittee met at 10 a. m., Hon. Thomas H. Burke, presiding.
Mr. BURKE. The hearing will come to order.
This is the subcommittee for the consideration of H. R. 1584 and H. R. 2438, which I understand are identical in character and are as follows:
(H. R. 1584, 81st Cong., 1st sess.] A BILL Providing equal pay for equal work for women, and for other purposes Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,
PURPOSE AND TITLE OF ACT
SECTION 1. (a) The Congress hereby finds that the existence in industry of wage differentials based on sex is an inequity in compensation standards which constitutes an unfair wage practice and (1) leads to labor disputes; (2) depresses wages and living standards of employees, male and female; (3) interferes with and prevents the maintenance of an adequate standard of living by such workers and the families dependent on them for support, and in particular has serious detrimental effects on the standard of living of families of deceased or disabled veterans; (4) prevents the maximum utilization of our available labor resources and plant capacity essential for full production; (5) endangers the national security and the general welfare, and thereby burdens, affects, and obstructs commerce.
It is hereby declared to be the policy of this Act, through the exercise by Congress of its power to regulate commerce among the several States, to correct and, as rapidly as possible, to eliminate discriminatory wage practices against women based on sex.
(b) This Act may be cited as the “Women's Equal Pay Act of 1949”.
PROHIBITION OF WAGE RATE DIFFERENTIAL BASED ON SEX
Sec. 2. It shall be an unfair wage practice for any employer
(a) To discriminate in the payment of wages between the sexes by paying wages to any female employee at a rate less than the rate at which he pays wages to male employees for work of comparable character on jobs the performance of which requires comparable skills, except where such payment is made pursuant to a seniority or merit increase system which does not discriminate on the basis of sex; or
(b) To lay off or discharge or in any other manner discriminate against any employee because such employee has filed any charges or instituted or caused to be instituted any proceeding under or related to this Act, or has testified or is about to testify in any such proceeding.
ADMINISTRATION (a) The Secretary of Labor may, subject to the civil-service laws, appoint such employees as he deems necessary in order to carry out his functions under this Act, and shall fix their compensation in accordance with the Classification Act of 1923, as amended.