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EQUAL PAY FOR EQUAL WORK FOR WOMEN

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SPECIAL SUBCOMMITTEE OF P. COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION AND LABOR

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

EIGHTY-FIRST CONGRESS

SECOND SESSION

ON

H. R. 1584 and H. R. 2438

BILLS PROVIDING EQUAL PAY FOR EQUAL WORK FOR

WOMEN, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES

HEARINGS HELD AT WASHINGTON, D. C.

MAY 17, 18, AND 19, 1950

Printed for the use of the Committee on Education and Labor

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JOHN LESINSKI, Michigan, Chairman GRAHAM A. BARDEN, North Carolina SAMUEL K. MCCONNELL, JR., Pennsylvania AUGUSTINE B. KELLEY, Pennsylvania RALPH W. GWINN, New York ADAM C. POWELL, JR., New York

WALTER E. BREHM, Ohio JOHN S. WOOD, Georgia

WINT SMITH, Kansas JOHN F. KENNEDY, Massachusetts

CARROLL D. KEARNS, Pennsylvania WINGATE H. LUCAS, Texas

RICHARD M. NIXON, California CLEVELAND M. BAILEY, West Virginia THRUSTON BALLARD MORTON, Kentucky LEONARD IRVING, Missouri

THOMAS H. WERDEL, California
CARL D. PERKINS, Kentucky

HAROLD H. VELDE, Illinois
CHARLES R. HOWELL, New Jersey
HUGO S. SIMS, South Carolina
ANDREW JACOBS, Indiana
THOMAS H. BURKE, Ohio
TOM STEED, Oklahoma
ROY W. WIER, Minnesota

JOSEPH KOSKI, Clerk
JOHN S. FORSYTHE, General Counsel

SPECIAL SUBCOMMITTEE ON EQUAL PAY FOR EQUAL WORK FOR WOMEN

AUGUSTINE B. KELLEY, Pennsylvania, Chairman THOMAS H. BURKE, Ohio

RALPH W. GWINN, New York
ROY W. WIER, Minnesota

WALTER E. BREHM, Ohio
JOSEPH S. JAROSZ, Professional Staff

II

CONTENTS

140

Authority of committee as set forth in letter from Hon. John Lesinski..

Digest of State equal pay laws.

H. R. 1584.

H. R. 2438.

Letters submitted for the record by—

Anderson, Mrs. A. F., president, National Board, Young Women's

Christian Association of the United States of America.

Boulware, Lemuel R., vice president, General Electric Co.-

Mealey, Margaret, in behalf of National Council of Catholic Women..

Miles, Clarence R., in behalf of Chamber of Commerce of United

States

Ziegler, Martha J., superintendent, State of Illinois Department of

Labor, division of women's and children's employment.--

Statement of -

Ackroyd, Margaret F., chief, division of women and children, and

commissioner of minimum wage, Rhode Island Department of Labor.

Anderson, Mary, legislative representative of the National Con-

sumers' League

Barkin, Solomon, research director, Textile Workers Union of

America-CIO.

Beirne, Joseph A., president, Communications Workers of America,

Washington, D. C.

CWA membership supports equal pay bill.

Telephone managements violate equal pay principles.-

BLS earnings data points up wage discrimination based on sex-

Unions will have to police equal pay law..

Blanchard, Helen, rhyresenting the Congress of In 'ustrial Organi-

zations.

Brief by Women's Bureau, fair practices and antidiscrimination

department, in behalf of United Automobile, Aircraft, and

Agricultural Implement Workers of America, CIO.

Resolution of Amalgamated Clothing Workers--

Supplemental statement of CIO, specific cases of discriminating

wage practices -

Donnelly, J. L., executive vice president, Illinois Manufacturers'

Association.

Lesinski, Hon. John, a Representative in Congress from the State of

Michigan and also chairman of the House Committee on Edu-

cation and Labor..

Marconnier, Emily Sims, director, division of industrial relations,

department of labor, State of New York.

Letter to Joseph Koski, clerk, Committee on Education and

Labor..

McQuatters, Geneva F., director of legislation and Washington

representative, National Federation of Business and Professional

Women's Clubs, Inc.

Miller, Frieda S., Director, Women's Bureau, United States Depart-

ment of Labor

Basic provisions of H. R. 1584 and H. R. 2438

Basic concepts...

Digest of State equal-pay laws -

Statement before Senate Subcommittee of Committee on Labor

and Public Welfare, October 2?, 1945..

Statement before House Subcommittee of Committee on Educa-

tion and Labor, February 10, 1948.-

Teplow, Leo, associate director, industrial relations division, National

Association of Manufacturers, New York City --

Tobin, Hon. Maurice J., Secretary of Labor

Suggested amendment of the Women's Equal Pay Act of 1949.

Section-by-section analysis of H. R. 1584 and H. R. 2438,

Women's Equal Pay Act of 1949.-

Woolhouse, Hon. Chase Going, a Representative in Congress from

the State of Connecticut.

134

123

EQUAL PAY FOR EQUAL WORK FOR WOMEN

WEDNESDAY, MAY 17, 1950
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,

SPECIAL SUBCOMMITTEE OF THE
COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION AND LABOR,

Washington, D. C. The special subcommittee met at 10 a. m., Hon. Thomas H. Burke, presiding.

Mr. BURKE. The hearing will come to order.

This is the subcommittee for the consideration of H. R. 1584 and H. R. 2438, which I understand are identical in character and are as follows:

(H. R. 1584, 81st Cong., 1st sess.] A BILL Providing equal pay for equal work for women, and for other purposes Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

PURPOSE AND TITLE OF ACT

SECTION 1. (a) The Congress hereby finds that the existence in industry of wage differentials based on sex is an inequity in compensation standards which constitutes an unfair wage practice and (1) leads to labor disputes; (2) depresses wages and living standards of employees, male and female; (3) interferes with and prevents the maintenance of an adequate standard of living by such workers and the families dependent on them for support, and in particular has serious detrimental effects on the standard of living of families of deceased or disabled veterans; (4) prevents the maximum utilization of our available labor resources and plant capacity essential for full production; (5) endangers the national security and the general welfare, and thereby burdens, affects, and obstructs commerce.

It is hereby declared to be the policy of this Act, through the exercise by Congress of its power to regulate commerce among the several States, to correct and, as rapidly as possible, to eliminate discriminatory wage practices against women based on sex.

(b) This Act may be cited as the “Women's Equal Pay Act of 1949”.

PROHIBITION OF WAGE RATE DIFFERENTIAL BASED ON SEX

Sec. 2. It shall be an unfair wage practice for any employer

(a) To discriminate in the payment of wages between the sexes by paying wages to any female employee at a rate less than the rate at which he pays wages to male employees for work of comparable character on jobs the performance of which requires comparable skills, except where such payment is made pursuant to a seniority or merit increase system which does not discriminate on the basis of sex; or

(b) To lay off or discharge or in any other manner discriminate against any employee because such employee has filed any charges or instituted or caused to be instituted any proceeding under or related to this Act, or has testified or is about to testify in any such proceeding.

ADMINISTRATION (a) The Secretary of Labor may, subject to the civil-service laws, appoint such employees as he deems necessary in order to carry out his functions under this Act, and shall fix their compensation in accordance with the Classification Act of 1923, as amended.

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