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vention, to the end that all the States shall at the Confederate States army known as the Armp? once be restored to their practical relations to of Northern Virginia. the Union, the Constitution be maintained, and Very respectfully, your obedient servant, peace bless the whole country.
U. S. GRANT, Lieut. Gen., W. E. Niblack, Reverdy Johnson,
Commanding Armies of the United States. Anthony Thornton, Thos. Â. Hendricks, Michael C. Kerr, Wm. Wright,
APRIL 7, 1865. G. S. Shanklin, James Guthrie,
GENERAL: I have received your note of this Garrett Davis, J. A. McDougall,
date. Though not entirely of the opinion you! H. Grider,
Wm. Radford, express of the hopelessness of the further resistThomas E. Noell, S. S. Marshall, ance or the part of the Army of Northern VirSamuel J. Randall, Myer Strouse, ginia, I reciprocate your desire to avoid a uselese! Lewis W. Ross, Chas. Sitgreaves,
effusion of blood, and therefore before considering Stephen Taber, S. E. Ancona,
your proposition I ask the terms you will offer J. M. Humphrey, E. N. Hubbell,
on condition of its surrender. John Hogan, B. C. Ritter,
R. E. LEE, General. B. M. Boyer, A. Harding
To Lieut. Gen. GRANT, Commanding Armies of Teunis G. Bergen, A. J. Glossbrenner,
the United States. Chas. Goodyear,
E. R. V. Wright, Chas. H. Winfield, A. J. Rogers,
APRIL 8, 1865. A. H. Coffroth, H. McCullough, General R. E. LEE, Commanding C. S. A.: Lovell H. Rousseau,
F. C. Le Blond, GENERAL: Your note of last evening, in reply Philip Johnson, W. E. Finck, to mine of same date, asking conditions on which Chas. A. Eldridge, L. S. Trimble, I will accept the surrender of the Army of NorthJohn L. Dawson.
ern Virginia, is just received. WASHINGTON, July 4, 1866.
In reply I would say that peace being my first desire, there is but one condition I insist upon,
viz: That the men surrendered shall be disqualThe Elections of 1866.
ified for taking up arms again against the Govern. NEW HAMPSHIRE—Smyth, Union, 35,018; Sin- ment of the United States, until properly erclair, Democrat, 30,176.
changed. I will meet you, or designate oficers CONNECTICUT—Hawley, Union, 43,974; Eng
to meet any officers you may name,
for the same lish, Democrat, 43,433.
purpose, any point agreeable to you, for the RHODE ISLAND— Burnside, Union,. 8,197 ; which the surrender of the Army of Northern
of arranging definitely the terms upon, Pierce, Democrat, 2,816. OREGON–Wood, Union, 327 majority.
Virginia will be received. At the special election in CONNECTICUT, in the
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, fall of 1865, on suffrage, the vote stood :
U. S. Grant, Lieut. Gen., For colored suffrage, 27,217; against, 33,489.
Commanding Armies of the United States
. majority against, 6,272. În WEST VIRGINIA, a vote was taken in May,
APRIL 8, 1865. on ratifying this constitutional amendment:
GENERAL: I received, at alate hour, your note "No person who, since the 1st day of June, of to-day, in answer to mine of yesterday. I 1861, has given or shall give voluntary aid or did not intend to propose the surrender of the assistance to the rebellion against the United Army of Northern Virginia, but to ask the terms States, shall be a citizen of this state, or be al- of your proposition. To be frank, I do not think lowed to vote at any election held therein, un- the emergency has arisen to call for the surrenless he has volunteered into the military or naval der of this army; but as the restoration of peace service of the United States, and has been or should be the sole object of all, I desire to know shall be honorably discharged therefrom."
whether your proposal would tend to that end. The majority in its favor is. 6,922.
I cannot, therefore, meet you with a view to In the Territory of NEBRASKA, à vote was surrender the Army of Northern Virginia; but taken, with this result: For the proposed State as far as your proposition may affect the Confed constitution, 3,938 ; against it, 3,838. Congress-erate States forces under my command, and tend Marquette, Union, 4;110; Brooke, Democrat, 3,- to the restoration of peace, I should be pleased 974. * Governor—Butler, Union, 4,093 ; Morton, to meet you at 10 A. M. to-morrow, on the old Democrat, 3,948.
to Richmond, between the picket lines of the two armies.
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, Correspondonce between General Grant and Gen
R. E. LEE, General, C. S. A. eral Lee.
To Lieut. Gen. U. S. Grant, Commanding APRIL 7,91865.
Armies U. S. A.' Gen. R. E. LEE, Commanding C. S. A.:
GENERAL: The result of the last week must convince you of the hopelessness of further re- General R. E. LEE, Commanding C. S. A.: sistance on the part of the Army of Northern GENERAL: Your note of yesterday is received. Virginia in this struggle. I feel that it is so, As I have no authority to treat on the subject of and regard it as my duty to shift from myself the peace, the meeting proposed for 10 A. M. to-day responsibility of any further effusion of blood, by could lead to no good. I will state, however
, asking of you the surrender of that portion of | General, that I ain equally anxious for peace
with yourself, and the whole North entertain the HEADQ'RS ARMY OF NORTHERN VIRGINIA, ame feeling
April 9, 1865. The terms upon which peace can be had are Lieut. Gen. U. S. GRANT, Com'g U. S. Armies : vell understood. By the South laying down GENERAL: I have received your letter of this heir arms they will hasten that most desirable date containing the terms of surrender of the vent, save thousands of human lives, and hun. Army of Northern Virginia, as proposed by Ereds of millions of property not yet destroyed. you. As they are substantially the same as Sincerely hoping that all our difficulties may be those expressed in your letter of the 8th instant, ettled without the loss of another life, I sub- they are accepted. I will proceed to designate cribe myself
, very respectfully, your obedient the proper officer to carry the stipulations into eryant,
effect. U.S. Grant, Lieut. Gen. U. S. A.
Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
R. E. LEE, General. APRIL 9, 1865. The other Rebel armies subsequently surrenGENERAL: I received your note of this morn- dered on substantially the same terms. ing on the picket line, whither I had come to meet you and ascertain definitely what terms Agreement between Generals Sherman and
Johnston. were embraced in your proposition of yesterday with reference to the surrender of this army. I Memorandum, or Basis of Agreement, made this now request an interview in accordance with the 18th day of April, A. D. 1865, near Durham's. offer contained in your letter of yesterday for Station, in the State of North Carolina, by that purpose.
and between General Joseph E. Johnston, Very respectfully, your obedient servant, commanding, Confederate army, and Major
R. E. LEE, General. General William T. Sherman, commanding To Lieut. Gen. GRANT, Com'g U. S. Armies. Army of the United States, both being present:
1. The contending armies now in the field to APRIL 9. maintain the status quo, until notice is given by
the commanding general of any one to its oppoGeneral R. E. LEE, Commanding C. S. A.:
nent, and reasonable time, say forty-eight hours, Your note of this date is but this moment allowed. (11.50 A. M.) received, in consequence of my 2. The Confederate armies now in existence to having passed from the Lynchburg road to the be disbanded and co ted to their several Farmville and Lynchburg road. I am at this state capitals, therein to deposit their arms and writing about four miles west of Walter's Church, public property in the State arsenal, and each and will push forward to the front for the pur- officer and man to execute and file an agreement pose of meeting you.
to cease from acts of war, and to abide the action Notice sent to me on this road where you of both State and Federal authorities. The wish the interview to take place, will meet me. number of arms and munitions of war to be Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
reported to the Chief of Ordnance at WashingU. Š. GRANT, Lieut. Gen.,
ton city, subject to the future action of the ConCommanding Armies of United States.
gress of the United States, and in the meantime to be used solely to maintain peace and order
within the borders of the States respectively. APPOMATTOX C. H., April 9, 1865.
3. The recognition by the Executive of the General R. E. LEE, Commanding C. S. A.: United States of the several State governments,
In accordance with the substance of my letter on their officers and legislatures taking the oath to you of the 8th instant, I propose to receive prescribed by the Constitution of the United the syrrender of the Army of Northern Virginia States; and where conflicting State governments on the following terms, to wit:
have resulted from the war, the legitimacy of all Rolls of all the officers and men to be made in shall be submitted to the Supreme Court of the duplicate, one copy to be given to an officer United States. designated by me, the other to be retained by 4. The re-establishment of the Federal Courts such officer or officers as you inay designate. in the several States, with powers as defined by
The officers to give their individual paroles the Constitution and laws of Congress. not to take arms against the Government of the 5. The people and inhabitants of all these United States until properly exchanged, and States to be guaranteed, so far as the Executive each company or regimental commander sign a can, their political rights and franchise, as well like parole for the men of their commands. The as their rights of person and property, as defined arms, artillery, and public property to be parked by the Constitution of the United States, and of and stacked, and turned over to the officers ap- the States respectively. pointed by me to receive them. This will not 6. The Executive authority of the Governembrace the side-arms of officers, nor their pri- ment of the United States not to disturb any of vate horses or baggage.
the people by reason of the late war, so long as This done, each officer and man will be al- they live in peace and quiet, and abstain from lowed to return to their homes, not to be dis- acts of armed hostility, and obey the laws in turbed by United States authority so long as existence at the place of their residence. they observe their parole and the laws in force 7. In general terms, the war to cease, a genwhere they may reside.
eral amnesty, so far as the Executive of the Very respectfully,
United States can command, on the condition of U.S. GRANT, Lieut. Gen. the disbandment of the Confederate armies, dis
tribution of arms, and the resumption of
peace It is reported that this proceeding of Genera able pursuits by the officers and men hitherto Sherman was disapproved for the following composing such armies. Not being fully em- among other, reasons: powered by our respective principals to fulfil 1. It was an exercise of authority not veste these terms, we individually and officially pledge in General Sherman, and on its face shows that ourselves to promptly obtain an answer thereto, both he and Johnston knew that General Sher and to carry out the above programme.
man had no authority to enter into any suck
W. T. SHERMAN, arrangement.
J. E. JOHNSTON, rebel government.
governments that had been overthrown at the The following official dispatch to the Asso-sacrifice of many thousand loyal lives and imciated Press gives the particulars of its disap- mense treasure, and placed the arms and muniproval, and the supposed reasons therefor :
tions of war in the hands of the rebels at their WASHINGTON, April 22.-Yesterday evening a respective capitals, which might be used as 500g bearer of despatches arrived from General Sher- as the armies of the United States were dis
An agreement for a suspension of hos-banded, and used to conquer and subdue the tilities, and a memorandum of what is called a
loyal States. basis for peace, had been entered into on the
4. By the restoration of rebel authority in 18th inst., by General Sherman with the rebel their respective States they would be enabled General Johnston, the rebel General Breckin- to re-establish slavery. ridge being present at the conference.
5. It might furnish a ground of responsibility Ã Cabinet meeting was held at 8 o'clock in the by the Federal Government to pay the rebel evening, at which the action of General Sher- debt, and certainly subjects the loyal citizens of man was disapproved by the President, the Sec- rebel States to debt contracted by rebels in the retary of War, by General Grant, and by every
State. member of the Cabinet.
6. It would put in dispute the existence of General Sherman was ordered to resume hos- loyal State governments, and the new State of tilities immediately, and he was directed that West Virginia, which had been recognized by the instructions given by the late President, in every department of the United States Govern the following telegram, which was penned by
ment. Mr. Lincoln himself, at the Capitol, on the night
7. It practically abolished the confiscation of the 3d of March, were approved by President laws, and relieved the rebels, of every degree, Andrew Johnson, and were reiterated to
who had slaughtered our people, from all pains the action of military commanders.
and penalties for their crimes. On the night of the 3d of March, while Presi
8. It gave terms that had been deliberately, dent Lincoln and his Cabinet were at the Capi- repeatedly, and solemnly rejected by President tol, a telegram from General Grant was brought Lincoln, and better terms than the rebels had to the Secretary of War, informing him that ever asked in their most prosperous condition. General Lee had requested an interview or con
9. It formed no basis of true and lasting ference to make an arrangement for terms of peace, but relieved the rebels from the pressure peace. The letter of General Lee was published of our victories, and left them in condition to in a message of Davis to the rebel Congress.
renew their efforts to overthrow the United General Grant's telegram was submitted to Mr. States Government and subdue the loyal States Lincoln, who, after pondering a few minutes,
whenever their strength was recruited and any took
pen and wrote with his own hand opportunity should offer.
General Grant's Orders. then dated, addressed, and signed by the Secre
[General Orders, No. 3.] tary of War, and telegraphed to General Grant:
WAR DEPARTMENT, WASHINGTON, March 3, 1866; 12 P. M.-Lieu
ADJUTANT GENERAL'S OFFICE, tenant General Grant : The President directs me
WASHINGTON, January 12, 1866. to say to you that he wishes you to have no conference with General Lee, unless it be for the capitulation of General Lee's army, or on some minor and purely military matter. He instructs me to say that you are not to decide, discuss, or whose commands embrace or are composed of
Military division and department commanders, confer upon any political question. Such ques. any of the late rebellious States, and who have tions the President holds in his own hands, and not already done so, will at once issue and enwill submit them to no military conferences or force orders protecting from prosecution or conventions. Meantime, you are to press to the suits in the State, or municipal courts of such utmost your military advantages.
State, all officers and soldiers of the armies of EDWIN M. STANTON, the United States, and all persons thereto at
Secretary of War. tached, or in anywise thereto belonging, subject After the Cabinet meeting last night, General to military authority, charged with offences for Grant started for North Carolina to direct opera- acts done in their military capacity, or purtions against Johnston's army.
suant to orders from proper military authority; EDWIN M. STANTON, and to protect from suit or prosecution all loyal Secretary of War.
citizens, or persons charged with offences done
TO PROTECT PERSONS AGAINST IMPROPER CIVIL
SUITS AND PENALTIES IN LATE REBELLIOUS
against the rebel forces, directly or indirectly, Resolved, that the thanks of the Democracy of Pennsylduring the existence of the rebellion ; and ali vania be tendered to the Hon. Charles R. Buckalew and persons, their agents and employés, charged with dent's restoration policy: and that such thanks are due to the occupancy of abandoned lands or plantations, all the democratic members of Congress for their advocacy or the possession or custody of any kind of of the restoration policy of President Johnson. property whatever, who occupied, used, possessed, or controlled the same pursuant to the
Union Convention of Pennsylvania, March 7. order of the President, or any of the civil or 2. That the most imperative duty of the present is to military departments of the Government, and to gather the legitimate fruits of the war, in order that our protect them from any penalties or damages institutions strengthened, and our national life prolonged. That may have been or may be pronounced or
3. That failure in these grave duties would be scarcely
less criminal than would have been an acquiescence in adjudged in said courts in any of such cases ;
secession and in the treasonable machinations of the conand also protecting colored persons from prosé- spirators, and would be an insult to every soldier who took cutions in any of said States charged with of- up arms to save the country. fences for which white persons are not prosecuted and fearless courage with which Andrew Johnson resisted
4. That filled with admiration at the patriotic devotion or punished in the same manner and degree. and denounced the efforts of the rebels to overthrow the By command of Lieutenant General Grant: National Government, Pennsylvania rejoiced to express her E. D. TOW SEND,
entire confidence in his character and principles, and appre
ciation of his noble conduct, by bestowing her suffrage upon Assistant Adjutant General. him for the second position in honor and dignity in the
country. His bold and outspoken denunciation of the crime
of treason, his firm demands for the punishment of the SUPPRESSION OF DISLOYAL NEWSPAPERS. guilty offenders, and his expressions of thorough sympathy
with the friends of the Union, secured for him the warmest HEADQUARTERS ARMIES OF UNITED STATES,
attachment of her people, who, remembering his great serWASHINGTON, Feb. 17, 1866. vices and sacrifices, while traitors and their sympathizers You will please send to these headquarters as firmly by the side, and to repose upon the support, of the
alike denounced his patriotic action, appeal to him to stand soon as practicable, and from time to time there- loyal masses, whose votes formed the foundation of his proafter, such copies of newspapers published in motion, and who pledge to him their unswerving support in your department as contain sentiments of dis- all measures by which treason shall be stigmatized, loyalty
recognized, and the freedom, stability, and unity of the Naloyalty and hostility to the Government in any tional Union restored. of its branches, and state whether such paper is 5. That the work of restoring the late insurrectionary habitual in its utterance of such sentiments. States to their proper relations to the Union necessarily The persistent publication of articles calculated action shall be taken no State lately in insurrection is entito keep up a hostility of feeling between the tled to representation in either branch of Congress ; that
, people of different sections of the country can
as preliminary to such action, it is the right of Congress to not be tolerated. This information is called for States, to inquire respecting their loyalty, and to prescribe
investigate for itself the condition of the legislation of those with a view to their suppression, which will be the terms of restoration, and that to deny this necessary done from these headquarters only.
constitutional power is to deny and imperil one of the
dearest rights belonging to our representative form of govBy order of Lieutenant General Grant:
ernment, and that we cordially approve of the action of the T. S. BOWERS, Union representatives in Congress from Pennsylvania or
this subject. •Assistant Adjutant General.
6. That no man who has voluntarily engaged in the lato
rebellion, or has held oflice under the rebel organization, Democratic Convention of Penn., March 5, 1866. should be allowed to sit in the Congress of the Union, and
that the law known as the test oath should not be repealed, The Democracy of Pennsylvania, in Convention met, rec but should be enforced agaiust all claimants for seats in ognizing a crisis in the affairs of the Republic, and esteem- Congress. ing the immediate restoration of the Union paramount to 7. That the national faith is sacredly pledged to the payall other issues, do resolve:
ment of the national debt incurred in the war to sa the 1. That the States, whereof the people were lately in country and to suppress rebellion, and that the people will rebellion, are integral parts of the Union and are entitled not suffer this faith to be violated or impaired; but all debts to representation in Congress by men duly elected who bear incurred to support the rebellion were unlawful, void, and true faith to the Constitution and laws, and in order to of no obligation, and shall never be assumed by the United vindicate the maxim that taxation without representation States, nor shall any State be permitted to pay any eviis tyranny, such representatives should be forthwith ad-dences of so vile and wicked engagements. mitted.
15. That in this crisis of public affairs, full of grateful 2. That the faith of the Republic is pledged to the pay- recollections of his marvellous and memorable services on ment of the national debt, and Congress should pass all the field of battle, we turn to the example of unfaltering laws necessary for that purpose.
and uncompromising loyalty of Lieutenant General Grant 3. That we owe obedience to the Constitution of the with a confidence not less significant and unshaken, because United States, (including the amendment prohibiting sla at no period of our great struggle has his proud name been very), and under its provisions will accord to those emanci- associated with a doubtful patriotism, or used for sinister pated all their rights of person and property.
purposes by the enemies of our common country. 4. That each State has the exclusive right to regulate 17. That the Hon. Edgar Cowan, Senator from Pennsylthe qualifications of its own electors.
vania, by his course in the Senate of the United States, has 5. That the white race alone is entitled to the control of disappointed the hopes and forfeited the confidence of those the Government of the Republic, and we are unwilling to to whom he owes his place, and that he is hereby most grant the negroes the right to vote.
earnestly requested to resign. 6. That the bold enunciation of the principles of the
The following resolution was offered as a substitute for Constitution and the policy of restoration contained in the the fourth resolution, but after some discussiod was withrecent annual message and Freedmen's Bureau veto mes drawn : sage of President Johnson entitle him to the confidence and support of all who respect the Constitution and love their
That, relying on the well-tried loyalty and devotion of
Andrew Johnson to the cause of the Union in the dark country.
7. That the nation owes to the brave men of our armies days of treason and rebellion, and remembering his patriotic and navy a debt of lasting gratitude for their heroic services conduct, services, and sufferings, which in times past enin defence of the Constitution and the Union; and that deared his name to the Union party; and now reposing while we cherish with a tender affection the memories of full confidence in his ability, integrity, and patriotism, wo the fallen, we pledge to their widows and orphans the na
express the hope and confidence that the policy of his Adtion's care and protection.
ministration will be so shaped and conducted as to save the 8. That we urge upon Congress the duty of equalizing nation from the perils which still surround it. the bounties of our soldiers and sailors.
The fourth resolution was then adopted-yeas 109, The following was also adopted :