10. Show how the Succession question continued throughout the time of the Tudors to be a disturbing element in English politics.

WEDNESDAY, JUNE 6, from 9.30 A.m. to 12.30.
SECTION VI. Modern History.

IV. [You are requested to attempt six at least of these questions.] 1. Translate and explain the following passages :

(1) Je ne congnu onc bonne issue d'homme, qui ait voulu épouenter son maistre, et le tenir en suspition, ou un grand Prince de qui on a affaire, comme vous entendrez de ce Connestable.

(2) -que l'Empereur prist toutes les seigneuries que ledict Duc tenoit de l'Empire et qui par raison en devoyent estre tenues, et qu'il les feist declarer confisquées à luy.

(3) Lesdicts privilèges ne leur servoyent que de noise avec leur Prince: et leur principale inclination est de désirer leur Prince estre foible ; et n'en aiment nuls depuis qu'ils sont seigneurs.

(4) Ceux qui traictoyent avec le dict Pierre m'ont compté, et à plusieurs autres l'ont dit, en se raillant et moquant de luy, qu'ils estoyent ébahis comme si tost accorda si grande chose.

(5) Le Turc eust esté aussi aisé à troubler qu'avoit esté le Roy Alfonse; car il estoit et est encores vif, homme de nulle valeur; et eut le Roy son frere entre ses mains.

(6) Bien disait ledict Duc de Milan, qu'en luy laissant Novarre et ne luy demandant point Genes, que toutes choses il feroit pour le Roy.

2. State the possessions of the chief feudatories of France at the accession of Louis XI, and their relations to the crown. Show what changes had taken place at the death of Louis XI. How far were these changes the results of his policy?

3. Quote any remarks of Commines about English affairs which strike you as important. What reasons are there for considering Commines as a valuable authority about them ?

4. Describe and account for the relations of Liège to Charles the Bold.

5. Give the substance of the mentions made by Commines of Savonarola and Pope Alexander VI. Comment upon his estimate of their characters.

6. Explain the expressions-arriere ban, taille, les trois estats, une grosse galeace, les Osterlins, lances d'ordonnance.

7. Describe the condition of European affairs which made possible the Italian expedition of Charles VIII. What measures did Charles take to secure the peace of France during his absence ?

8. Collect from Commines indications of the effect produced by Italy on the minds of the French.

9. Give an account of the composition of the armies engaged in the battle of Fornovo, and point out the peculiarities of the military system to which each body of troops was accustomed.

10. Comment on the political philosophy of Commines.

WEDNESDAY, JUNE 6, from 2.30 to 5.30 P.M.
SECTION VI. Modern History.

V. [You are requested to attempt six at least of these questions.]

1. Discuss the foreign policy of Henry VII, and account for it by the necessities of his position at home.

2. State the political circumstances which led to the formation of the League of Cambrai.

3. Trace the fortunes of the Medici family from the expulsion of Piero from Florence till 1530.

4. Give an account of the chief popular risings under the Tudor sovereigns. How far were they due to social causes ?

5. Exhibit the policy of Charles V in his government of the different provinces under his rule.

6. Account for the rapid success of the Reformation movement in Scotland.

7. Describe the constitution of the Netherlands in 1520. Was their struggle against Philip II religious or political in its origin?

8. Mention the marriage projects of Elizabeth, and show their connexion with the political circumstances of Europe.

9. Why did Philip II stand at the head of the Catholic party in Europe rather than the contemporary Popes?

10. Give some account of the chief ministers of Henry IV of France, and sketch their policy.

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THURSDAY, JUNE 7, from 9.30 A.M. to 12.30.

SECTION VI. Modern History. [You are requested to attempt six at least of these questions.]

VI. 1. Discuss the foreign and colonial policy of James I. What reasons may be urged in favour of his views ?

2. Give a careful account of the ministerial career of Strafford. Shew how it was he failed to establish a strong monarchy in England.

3. Describe the Cromwellian Settlement' of Ireland, and trace the subsequent history of that island down to 1687.

4. Charles had loved the English Church too well, and thereby lost his head; but James his son loved it too little, and it cost him his Crown.' Discuss this statement.

5. Show the influence of the Hannoverian connection' upon our continental policy in the reigns of George I and George II.

6. Sketch the history of the East India Company in India from 1745 to 1772.

7. Estimate the effect of the war of American Independence upon English politics and English literature.

8. Give a careful account of the immediate circumstances that led to the breach with France in 1793. Is it true that Pitt was forced into war ?

9. Examine Canning's home policy during Lord Liverpool's administration.

10. Give some account of the new development of English manufacture during the reign of George III, and trace its more immediate political and social consequences.

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THURSDAY, JUNE 7, from 2.30 to 5.30 P.M.

SECTION VI. Modern History.

VII. [You are requested to attempt six at least of these questions.]

1. Explain the attitude of William III towards the ideas of the Revolution.

2. Trace the growth of party government during the reign of Anne.

3. Draw out the differences between the principles of Whigs and Tories in 1714, 1790, and 1830 respectively, and account for the changes which may be observed at these epochs.

4. Compare the composition and political character of the House of Lords in the reigns of George II and William IV, and assign the causes of any differences in that assembly at the two epochs.

5. Explain historically the distinction between a meeting of the Cabinet and a meeting of the Privy Council.

6. Give an account of John Wilkes and the constitutional questions to which his career gave rise.

7. State the composition and powers of the Irish Parliament immediately before the Union.

8. Define the nature of the English administration at Hong Kong, Madras, Mysore, and Adelaide.

9. Explain the meaning of a political agitation. To what question and in what way was it first applied in England ?

10. Draw a map of any one of the English counties, marking roughly its parliamentary boundaries; give an historical account of the respective claims of its constituencies to representation.

WEDNESDAY, JUNE 6, from 9.30 a.m. to 12.30.
SECTION VIII. Physical Science.

Chemistry. I. 1. Give an account of the early history of the theory of chlorine and muriatic acid.


2. The acids have been defined as salts of hydrogen. Explain this definition, especially in reference to the meaning of the word salt. What are the most important criterions of acidity ?

3. Give some account of the grouping of the elements which is based upon the arrangement of them in the order of their atomic weights.

4. Certain chlorides of boron and of carbon are said to contain respectively three and four atoms of chlorine: what are the experimental facts on which these assertions rest?

5. How should you determine the amount of carbon dioxide present in the air of a room ?

6. Give an account of the classes of salts known as the nitrites and sulphites, contrasting their properties with those of the nitrates and sulphates respectively.

7. Describe the physical and chemical characters of the compounds which silicon forms with oxygen, chlorine, and fluorine.

8. Explain the classification of crystals by means of imaginary axes, shewing into what principal groups they are usually divided, with examples.


WEDNESDAY, JUNE 6, from 2.30 to 5.30 P.M.
SECTION VIII. Physical Science.

Chemistry. II. 1. What elements are usually present in ordinary pig iron ? Describe briefly Bessemer's process for making steel direct from pig iron.

2. How is alum manufactured, and what are its chief uses ? 3. Discuss the action of water on lead.

4. From what ores is copper principally extracted ? Give an outline of the process employed.

5. State the effect of heating each of the following substances, and express all the chemical changes by symbols :hydrogen arsenide, arsenic trioxide, mercuric cyanide, silver cyanide, lead nitrate, ammonium bichromate, calcium oxalate, monosodic phosphate, disodic phosphate, phosphorous acid, potassium ferrocyanide.

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