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VOL. I.]

DECEMBER, 1894.

[No. 8.

WALES AND THE WHITE ROSE.

HILE the genius of Sir Walter regime against which it fought was the Scott has given an immortality enemy of all Welsh ideals. On this ground, to Scottish Jacobitism, Welsh therefore, the champions of the lost cause

Jacobitism has been allowed to may fairly claim some regard from Welsh sink into such utter oblivion that its very patriotism ; and, were it otherwise, “sunt existence has been questioned. For this lacrimae rerum et mentem mortalia several reasons may be assigned. Although tangunt.Wales gave to the rebellion of 1715 its The heroism with which Lady Nithsdale bravest heroine, and one of its noblest and her retainers from Powis-land faced martyrs to that of 1745, and in 1717 death, the heroism with which David was nearly the scene of another rebellion, Morgan met it, should at least appeal to accident prevented the people, on all such lovers of the ideal as the Welsh. And these occasions, from signalising their de- further, Welsh Jacobitism is a landmark votion to the Stuart family, by a re- in our history. It is the end of the church petition of the deeds of their ancestors in and loyalist nationalism, to which the the days of the Long Parliament; and Elizabethan age gave birth. The spirit of sentiments, aspirations, and even con- Welsh Jacobitism may be traced in the spiracies that end in nothing, tend to be poems of Huw Morus; and Huw Morus forgotten. Again, even before the White was the child of the national church policy Rose had sunk for the last time on Culloden of Elizabeth. In her treatment of Wales, Moor, the Methodist revival had com- Elizabeth and her advisers set aside, or at menced; and, before the eighteenth century least modified, the Anglicising policy of had closed, a complete revolution had been Thomas Cromwell and the earlier Tudors. wrought in the Welsh character, so that Welsh bishops and Welsh officials for the old fashioned religion and loyalty of the first time since the English rule began, the Stuart had became unintelligible to appeared in Wales ; the Bible and the a nation inspired by different ideals. Nor Prayer Book were translated into Welsh; has our own time made amends. The and the Eisteddfod was assembled by royal literary and national awakening of our proclamation. In the Court of the Marches own day has, partly, I suspect, for de- at Ludlow Castle, where sat my Lord Presinominational and political reasons, fought dent, Wales possessed through Tudor and shy of Welsh Jacobitism ; for one party Stuart days a focus of national life. The scarcely cares to recollect that their ancestors result of this recognition of Welsh nationalhuzzaed for Doctor Sacheverell, drank to ism for a time reconciled Wales to England, the “king over the water, and correspond- and made it, in Churchyard's opinion, the ed with my Lord Mar; while the other, for “soundest state," although in the early days equally good reasons, can hardly appreciate of Gloriana the Council had trembled at the Welsh churchmen who were the constant thought of sending an army through Wales enemies of the constitution established by to attack Irish rebels; and in 1563 certain the English State.

conspirators, two of whom bore the name Welsh Jacobitism, however, in its time of Pole, were condemned to death" for mạy claim to have represented the national having threatened to come with a power spirit, if for no other reason than that the into Wales and proclaim the Scottish

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