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Decoration of the New Houses of Parlia- Gilding, Real and Spurious, 179.
ment, 95.

Glass and Iron, New Method of Making, 132.
Decoration, Principles of, 6.

British, 35.
Decorations at Drury-lane Theatre, 164.

Origin of, 123.
Ironmongers' Hall, 15.

Painting, 115.
Sir R. Peel's, 7.

Stoppers, Drawing from Decanters, 144.
Decorative Education, 68.

to Break in any Required Direction, 119.
Progress, 84.

Glossary, Letter A, 57, 65, 73, 81, 89; B, 89,
Designs on Metallic Surfaces, 189.

97, 105, 113, 121 ; C, 121, 129, 137, 145, 153,
Discovery by Accident, 30.

161, 169, 177, 185, 193.
Dissolving Views, 96.

Glue, 151.
Doncaster Race-Cup, 150.

Method of Improving, 136.
Drill-Stock, Moseley's, 37.

Gold and Silver Inks, 144.
Durham Cathedral, 58.

Mines of the Ural Mountains, 21.
Dutch Bricks, 114.

Size, 112.
Dwellings for the Industrial Classes, 75. Government School of Design, 63, 148.

Gothic Architecture, 179.
Easy Chair, 43.

Gothiem, 85.
Education, Science, and Art, 24.

Gravitation, 40.
Egyptians, Wisdom of the Ancient, 35. Grease Stains, &c., to Remove, 119.
Electric Clock, 186.

Great Britain, 139.
Progress, 107.

Grecian Architecture, 37.
Telegraph, 56.

Green Paint, 136,
a Description of, 2, 11, 1.. Ground Glass, 200.
Extension of, 135.

Gun-Cotton, 26, 72.
Electricity, Velocity of, 99.

First Arrival of, in India, 7.
Elizabethian Architecture, 16.

Gunpowder, Invention of, 142.
Endless Leathern Strops, 80.

Engine, 192.
Envelopes, 199.

Gun Trade, Origin of, in Birmingham, 10.
Establishment, Immense, 57.

Gutta Percha, 24.
Etching on Glass, 120.

Gymnasium at Primrose-hill, 191.
Euclid, 16.
Explosions, Prevention of, in Powder Maga- Hall-Chair, Design for a, .49.
zines, 48.

Hann's Treatise on the Steam-Engine, 8.
Exports of Manufactured Cotton, 111.

Hard-Wood, &c., on the Modes of Working

into Shape, 111.
Fac-Similes, 152.

Heights which cannot be Measured, to obtain,
Factitious Garnets, 168.

123.
Fine Arts, 6.

Heraldic Ornament, 141.
Fireplaces, Antique, 151.

Holtzapffel, 8.
Fireproof and Waterproof Cement, 123.

Horn, to Dye, 84.
Fires in Chimneys, 172.

Horse-Power, 136.
Fishstand, Design for a, 46.

Household Book of Practical Receipts, 95.
Floorcloths, on the Manufacture of, 74.

House of Lords, 17, 31.
Foliage as applied to Ornament, 20, 36, 44, 52,
60, 108.

Imitation Carved Ivory, 120.
Fontainbleau, 40.

Impediments to Art in England, 49.
Foul Air, 8.

Impure Water, 114.
Effects of, 83.

India, Steam Communication with, 139.
Franklin's Grave, 29.

Indian Fabrics, 46.
French Polish, 197.

Ink, Material for Diluting, 192.
Fresco, Definition of, 24.

Inkstand, Design for an, 53.
Paintings of India, 24.

Interior Decoration, 35.
Fresh Water, 16.

Iron, 71.
Fresque Mixturale, 30.

Fronted Edifices, 179.
Furniture, to Polislı, 51.

in the Roman States, 150.

Lock-Gates, 72.
Garden Decoration, 59.

produced by Sweden, 128.
Gas, 192.

Trade in France, 183.
Bracket, Design for a, 157.

Itinarium, the, 62.
Consumers, Brief Hints to, 146.

Ivy on Churches, 68.
Geometry, First Steps to,-Definitions, 4, 14,

22, 27, 38 ; Problems, 45, 54, 58, 69, 77, 85, Knives, 119.
94, 99, 107, 119, 126, 133.

Lamb's New Life-Boat, 166.
Geometric System of the Ancient Architects, Leaden Cisterns, 148.
123.

Lenses, New Mode of Cleaning, 106.
Gilding and Polishing Iron and Steel, 168. Life Assurance, 118.
History of, 83.

Lighthouses, Improvements in, 135.
on Glass, 144.

Lighting by Electricity, 77.
Picture-Frames, 144.

Progress of, 55.

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Linen Cloth, to Thicken, 104.

Pendulum Clock, 130.
Linseed Oil, 106.

Perpetual Motion, 58.
Literature, 8.

Pews, 37.
Litharge, 128.

Phosphorescence of the River Wye, 183.
Lodging-houses, Experimental, in Glasgow, 86. Photographic Instruments, 55.
London and Windsor Railway, 131.

Pictures, 48.
Loo Table, Design for a, 69.

Photography, 15, 178.

Phosphorus, &c., 32.
Magnetic Telegraph, a New Effect of, 131. Piles, Driving, 49.

Wonders of the, 180. Platinum, Discovery of, in France, 193.
Magnets, New Mode of Making Artificial, 195. Porcelain Vase, 2.
Mahogany, to Remove Stains from, 119. Portable Glue, 8
Malleable Glass, 90.

Portwine on the Steam-Engine, 171, 192.
Manifold Writers, 184.

Pottery, 135.
Maple-Wood Imitating, 102, 112.

Art of, 79, 87.
Masonry, Iron-work in, 66.

Print, Earliest known, 15.
Medals, Mixture for Taking Casts from, 143. Printing Ink, 152.
Mediæval Architecture, 98.

Roller, New, 67.
Megaloscope, the, 56.

Progress in Turkey, 86.
Mehemet Ali, 110.

Projectile Compounds, Force of, 175.
Mensuration of Superfices, 134, 138, 149, 157, Propelling Power, a New, 159.
163, 173, 177, 190, 194.

Public Works in Ireland, 159.
Metal Gilding, 96.
Metallic Address Cards, 131.

Raft, an Enormous, 139.
Metals, Recipe for Varnishing, 56.

Railroads in New England, 146.
Mezzotinto, Discovery of, 166.

Railway Accident at Chester, 61.
Mineral Wealth of this Country, 67.

Railways in Ireland, 158.
Mineralogical Spar, Artificial, 195.

Red Colour for Glass, 24.
Mining, 101.

Reform Clubhouse, 24.
Mississippi, Singular Discovery in, 63, Remington's Aerial Bridge, 173.
Modern Antiques, 23.

Registering Designs, Advantages of, 2.
Monumental Brasses, 147.

Restorations in Takely Church, 67.
Morpeth, Lord, on Schools of Design, 147. Royal Academy, a Hint for the, 199.
Mosaic Gold, 72.

Institute of British Architects, 34.
Mosque in Cairo, 15.

Italian Opera,
Motive Power, New, 66.

Rules of Art, 132.
Mozart's House and Statue, 56.

Russia and Foreign Artisans, 199.
Muffle, the, 16.

Rust, 184.
Murdock's Improved Paints, &c., 187.
National Gallery, 170.

St. George's Catholic Church, 64.
National Monument to Shakspere, 3.

St. Simon's Church, 128.

Sashes, to Remove Glass from Old, 10.
Necessity the Mother of Invention, 24.
Nelson Monument, 92.

Scagliola, 136.
New House of Commons, 160.

Scenery and Decoration of Theatres, 33, 46.

Scene-Painting, 118.
Medal, 133.

Schools of Design, 93, 101, 120, 198.
Niagara Wire Bridge, 10.
Noiseless Carriage Wheels, 74.

in France, 32.

of the Society of British Artists, &c, 172.

Sculpture, 170, 197.
"Oberon," the, 35.

Seal-Engravers' Cement, 69.
Oil Colour Cakes, 150.

Sealing-Wax, 118.
from Stone, 115.

Sensitive Pictures, 168.
Official Error, 142.

Shading of Architectural Drawings, 128.
Omnibus, Improved Form of, 10.

Shop-Fronts, &c., 50.
Organs, Proposed Improvement in, 91.

Shop-Front, Italian Style, Design for, 25.
Ornament, on the Application of, 180, 188.

Short Time on Saturdays, 72, 85, 143.
Ornamental Drawing, Rules for, 28, 92, 100, Shrewsbury and Chester Railway, Accident

109, 116, 125, 177, 189.
Ornamental Leading of Windows, 125.

Society of Arts, 156, 166.
Paper-Hanging, 117.

Solution to Preserve Wood, 8.
Ornamenting Wood in the Lathe, 96.

for the Protection of Stonework, 94.
Ovens in Dwelling-houses, 63.

Stained Glass in Norwich Cathedral, 7.

Ancient, 90.
Painted Decorations, 155.

Stains for Wood, 125.
Walls, 184.

Statistics of Railway Employment, 12k.
Paint Lettering, to Remove, 102.

Steam-Boiler Explosions, 136, 152.
to Remove, 88.

Steel, Method of Blueing and Gilding, 159.
Paper, Prof. Schöenbein's Improved, 151.

Pens, Electro Gilding, 63.
Sizing of, 32.

Steering Wheel, a New, 191.
Papier-Mâchẽ, 25, 34, 41, 53.

Strength of Materials, 127.

on, 37.

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Stucco Varnish, 15.

Watch-Springs, 122.
Summer-house, a Crystal, 16.

Trade in Switzerland, Origin of, 158.
Supply of Water to Romé and London, 82. Watering Machine, New, 110.
Suspension Bridges, 59.

Water in Place of Oil, 130.
Suspension Bridge across the Danube, 155. Wax, Mode of Application as a Preservative
over the Ohio, 142.

of Stone, Marble. &c., 72.

Waxed Paper, 152.
Terro-Metallic Ware, to Cut or Fit, 164. Wellington Statue, the, 128.
Timber Mining in America, 131.

Westminster Hall, 40.
Transferring Engravings, 168.

Exhibition in, 88.
Forms, &c., to Paper, 80.

Gratuitous Admission to, 72.
Tunnel at Liverpool, 37.

White Lead, 182.

Winckleman on the Ornamental in Archi-
Vacuum, New Means of Producing a, 184.

tecture, 30.
Valve, the Hydrostatic, 80.

Window Cornice, Design for a, 133.
Value and Purpose of Decorative Design, 76.

of St. Peter's Church, Sudbury, 45.
Varnishes, 114. 127, 134, 140, 150, 154, 162, 175. Wood, Process for Preserving, Sir H. Bur-
Ventilation, 3, 186.

nett's, 75.
Victoria Lobby, 64.

Mr. Tref
Vulcanised Indian Rubber, 67.

fey's, 77.

Wootz, 24.
Wales, a Wonder of the World, 189.

Worksop Spreadoak, 111.
Watches, &c., Process of Gilding Wheelwork
of, 51.

Yellow Colour, 80.

London : Published by WILLIAM GIBB3, at No. 17, Holywell-street, Strand (where all communications to
the Editor are to be addressed); and to be had of all Booksellers.--Saturday, November 13, 1847.

Printed by W. COOLE, Lumley Court, Strand..

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The Acanthus Leaf of the Corinthian column. The origin of its adoption by the Capital.

architects of ancient Greece, is, as usual with most subjects of artistical tradition, accounted

for by an incident handed down to us by the Op the various natural objects adopted by the historians, and which, if it be not authentically ancients as the leading feature of their archi- true, yet deserves, at all events, as the Italians tectural decorations in detail, there is no orna- say, that it should be so. The versions of the ment more fitted, from the graceful convolu- story in question vary slightly

in detail, but tions of its outline, the luxuriance of its foliage, the main incident is connected with the custom and the breadth of its masses of light and sha- prevalent from the earliest ages of antiquity, dow, to the enrichment of capitals, than the and still extant in our own day, of placing on celebrated acanthus leaf of the Corinthian Ithe tombs of the dead, flowers, fruits, and other

pleasing objects, as offerings to the shades of the departed, or as affectionate tokens of re- a Description of the various Electric gretful remembrance. A nurse of Corinth, so Telegraphs in Present Use. runs the tale, as preserved by Vitruvius, had placed, as a tribute of this interesting nature, a small wicker-basket filled with fruit, near the Bi RE entering, as it is our intention to do in tomb of a little child, and, as a precaution our next number, on a popular explanation of against its being displaced, or the contents the various systems of electro-telegraphic complundered by birds, had deposited over it a munication at present in use in England and farge flat tile. The mortuary tribute chanced elsewhere, we may mention amongst the vato be placed exactly on the root of that species rious modifications of the main principle, of the dock-plant known as the acanthus mollis which have been from time to time proposed, or spinosa acanthus (prickly dock-leaf), which, and, in some instances, actually pụt in practice in the course of time, burst forth and spread by scientific men, the very curious plan of itself in graceful and fantastic folds around the Professor Vorselman de Heer de Deventur, weighted basket, which obstructed its growth. wbo, in 1839, submitted the somewhat strange, Calamachus, a celebrated Athenian sculptor in but certainly by no means impracticable, promarble, happening to pass by the tomb, was position of employing, for the transmission of struck with the elegant appearance of the bas- telegraphic signals or messages, slight electric ket thus decorated by the luxuriant acanthus, shocks, which might be communicated to a corwhose leaves and flowrets, being depressed in respondent at any distance, however remote. the centre, had grown up in graceful convolu. For this purpose, there was to be constructed, tions around it; the tips of the leaves and the at each station, a finger-board composed of ten flowrets, finding themselves resisted by the double keys. The clerk who transmits the sigangles of the tile, were forced to convolve in nals, as well as the party who receives them, the form of volutes--the angular flowrets * both keep their ten fingers on these keys. If forming the helices of the capital (of the Co- the former presses down any two keys, he conrinthian column, to which Calamachus subse- nects the battery with the conducting wires, quently adapted and modified his discovery), and the other receives a shock in the two fingers the central ones the caulicoles, the basket the that rest upon the two corresponding keys. By campana or bell, and the tile the abacus. The a combination of these two shocks, either by various purposes to which the acanthus foliage repetition or at regulated intervals, a perfectly is applied will be illustrated hereafter with sufficient number of different signals may be original designs, and made applicable to every given and instantaneously received. Such was branch of manufacture.

the general feature of de Heer de Deventur's plan, the principle of which appeared so inge

nious, and, withal, subject to certain modificaHis Majesty Louis Philippe has just pre- tions, so feasible in practice, as to elicit from sented Lord Holland with a magnificent vase the celebrated Professor Jacobi a memoir in of Sevres porcelain, expressly designed and its favour, addressed to the Imperial Academy manufactured for the occasion. On one side of at St. Petersburg, January 8th, 1844, and acit is exquisitely enamelled a view of Twicken companied by a few suggestions for its imham-house, where the present King of the provement, namely, that the number of conFrench resided for several years when an ducting wires, and of the fingers to be reexile in England, and where he was frequently moved, should be reduced to two; that the two visited by Lord Holland's father, with whom signs, or rather, shocks, should be given by, an he was always on terms of the greatest friend- alternation of single and double, or even triple ship and intimacy. On the other side of the and quadruple strokes with the key, thus provase is a highly-finished view of the Palace of ducing at the other station two sensations very the Tuileries. The French papers, in which distinct from each other.

* In the experithis truly royal gift is announced, justly desig- ments,” adds Professor Jacobi," that I made nate it as a memento of historical interest, and last winter on the ice of the Neva, and in as a mark of delicate attention and compliment which the distance between the stations was 9 on the part of Louis Philippe towards the verstes (about 1,800 yards), I derived a great family of Lord Holland.

advantage, both in point of simplicity and in

convenience of transport, in the employment ADVANTAGES OF REGISTERING DESIGNS FOR ARTICLES or Utility.—(Under the New De- of this ' Physiological Telegraph. The instrusigns Act, 6 and 7 Vic. c. 65.)- Protection for

ment possesses something really curious and the whole of the three Kingdoms by one Act of mysterious. We feel ourselves, so to speak, in Registration.-Protection for a term of three corporeal contact with the person with whom years.--Protection at a moderate expense (from

we correspond. If the apparatus is properly €12. to £20).- Protection immediate (may be arranged, we might, in the midst of a numeobtained in most cases within a couple of days). conventional signals, without any of the per

rous society, both transmit and receive certain -Power of granting licenses for any of the three Kingdoms, or any of the cities, towns, or above description, our readers will perceive

sons present perceiving them.” From the districts thereof, to one, two, three, or any that the use of keys in the apparatus for elecgreater number of persons.—Summary remedy tric telegraphs, is by no means of so modern a for infringements.

date as the public may, for various reasons, The name (acanthus) is compounded of two Groek have been led to suppose. worde, signifying pointed and flower (anthos).

In preference to the usually-adopted systems

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