« ForrigeFortsett »
Decoration of the New Houses of Parlia- Gilding, Real and Spurious, 179.
Glass and Iron, New Method of Making, 132.
Origin of, 123.
Stoppers, Drawing from Decanters, 144.
to Break in any Required Direction, 119.
Glossary, Letter A, 57, 65, 73, 81, 89; B, 89,
97, 105, 113, 121 ; C, 121, 129, 137, 145, 153,
161, 169, 177, 185, 193.
Method of Improving, 136.
Gold and Silver Inks, 144.
Mines of the Ural Mountains, 21.
Gothic Architecture, 179.
Great Britain, 139.
Grecian Architecture, 37.
Green Paint, 136,
Gun-Cotton, 26, 72.
First Arrival of, in India, 7.
Gunpowder, Invention of, 142.
Gun Trade, Origin of, in Birmingham, 10.
Gutta Percha, 24.
Gymnasium at Primrose-hill, 191.
Hann's Treatise on the Steam-Engine, 8.
Hard-Wood, &c., on the Modes of Working
into Shape, 111.
Heights which cannot be Measured, to obtain,
Heraldic Ornament, 141.
Horn, to Dye, 84.
Household Book of Practical Receipts, 95.
House of Lords, 17, 31.
Imitation Carved Ivory, 120.
Impediments to Art in England, 49.
Impure Water, 114.
India, Steam Communication with, 139.
Indian Fabrics, 46.
Ink, Material for Diluting, 192.
Inkstand, Design for an, 53.
Interior Decoration, 35.
Fronted Edifices, 179.
in the Roman States, 150.
produced by Sweden, 128.
Trade in France, 183.
Itinarium, the, 62.
Ivy on Churches, 68.
22, 27, 38 ; Problems, 45, 54, 58, 69, 77, 85, Knives, 119.
Lamb's New Life-Boat, 166.
Lenses, New Mode of Cleaning, 106.
Lighthouses, Improvements in, 135.
Lighting by Electricity, 77.
Progress of, 55.
Linen Cloth, to Thicken, 104.
Pendulum Clock, 130.
Perpetual Motion, 58.
Phosphorescence of the River Wye, 183.
Photography, 15, 178.
Phosphorus, &c., 32.
Wonders of the, 180. Platinum, Discovery of, in France, 193.
Portwine on the Steam-Engine, 171, 192.
Art of, 79, 87.
Print, Earliest known, 15.
Roller, New, 67.
Progress in Turkey, 86.
Projectile Compounds, Force of, 175.
Public Works in Ireland, 159.
Raft, an Enormous, 139.
Railroads in New England, 146.
Railway Accident at Chester, 61.
Railways in Ireland, 158.
Red Colour for Glass, 24.
Reform Clubhouse, 24.
Registering Designs, Advantages of, 2.
Restorations in Takely Church, 67.
Institute of British Architects, 34.
Rules of Art, 132.
Russia and Foreign Artisans, 199.
St. George's Catholic Church, 64.
St. Simon's Church, 128.
Sashes, to Remove Glass from Old, 10.
Scenery and Decoration of Theatres, 33, 46.
Schools of Design, 93, 101, 120, 198.
in France, 32.
of the Society of British Artists, &c, 172.
Sculpture, 170, 197.
Seal-Engravers' Cement, 69.
Sensitive Pictures, 168.
Shading of Architectural Drawings, 128.
Shop-Fronts, &c., 50.
Shop-Front, Italian Style, Design for, 25.
Short Time on Saturdays, 72, 85, 143.
109, 116, 125, 177, 189.
Society of Arts, 156, 166.
Solution to Preserve Wood, 8.
for the Protection of Stonework, 94.
Stained Glass in Norwich Cathedral, 7.
Stains for Wood, 125.
Statistics of Railway Employment, 12k.
Steam-Boiler Explosions, 136, 152.
Steel, Method of Blueing and Gilding, 159.
Pens, Electro Gilding, 63.
Steering Wheel, a New, 191.
Strength of Materials, 127.
Stucco Varnish, 15.
Trade in Switzerland, Origin of, 158.
Water in Place of Oil, 130.
of Stone, Marble. &c., 72.
Waxed Paper, 152.
Westminster Hall, 40.
Exhibition in, 88.
Gratuitous Admission to, 72.
White Lead, 182.
Winckleman on the Ornamental in Archi-
Window Cornice, Design for a, 133.
of St. Peter's Church, Sudbury, 45.
Worksop Spreadoak, 111.
Yellow Colour, 80.
London : Published by WILLIAM GIBB3, at No. 17, Holywell-street, Strand (where all communications to
Printed by W. COOLE, Lumley Court, Strand..
The Acanthus Leaf of the Corinthian column. The origin of its adoption by the Capital.
architects of ancient Greece, is, as usual with most subjects of artistical tradition, accounted
for by an incident handed down to us by the Op the various natural objects adopted by the historians, and which, if it be not authentically ancients as the leading feature of their archi- true, yet deserves, at all events, as the Italians tectural decorations in detail, there is no orna- say, that it should be so. The versions of the ment more fitted, from the graceful convolu- story in question vary slightly
in detail, but tions of its outline, the luxuriance of its foliage, the main incident is connected with the custom and the breadth of its masses of light and sha- prevalent from the earliest ages of antiquity, dow, to the enrichment of capitals, than the and still extant in our own day, of placing on celebrated acanthus leaf of the Corinthian Ithe tombs of the dead, flowers, fruits, and other
pleasing objects, as offerings to the shades of the departed, or as affectionate tokens of re- a Description of the various Electric gretful remembrance. A nurse of Corinth, so Telegraphs in Present Use. runs the tale, as preserved by Vitruvius, had placed, as a tribute of this interesting nature, a small wicker-basket filled with fruit, near the Bi RE entering, as it is our intention to do in tomb of a little child, and, as a precaution our next number, on a popular explanation of against its being displaced, or the contents the various systems of electro-telegraphic complundered by birds, had deposited over it a munication at present in use in England and farge flat tile. The mortuary tribute chanced elsewhere, we may mention amongst the vato be placed exactly on the root of that species rious modifications of the main principle, of the dock-plant known as the acanthus mollis which have been from time to time proposed, or spinosa acanthus (prickly dock-leaf), which, and, in some instances, actually pụt in practice in the course of time, burst forth and spread by scientific men, the very curious plan of itself in graceful and fantastic folds around the Professor Vorselman de Heer de Deventur, weighted basket, which obstructed its growth. wbo, in 1839, submitted the somewhat strange, Calamachus, a celebrated Athenian sculptor in but certainly by no means impracticable, promarble, happening to pass by the tomb, was position of employing, for the transmission of struck with the elegant appearance of the bas- telegraphic signals or messages, slight electric ket thus decorated by the luxuriant acanthus, shocks, which might be communicated to a corwhose leaves and flowrets, being depressed in respondent at any distance, however remote. the centre, had grown up in graceful convolu. For this purpose, there was to be constructed, tions around it; the tips of the leaves and the at each station, a finger-board composed of ten flowrets, finding themselves resisted by the double keys. The clerk who transmits the sigangles of the tile, were forced to convolve in nals, as well as the party who receives them, the form of volutes--the angular flowrets * both keep their ten fingers on these keys. If forming the helices of the capital (of the Co- the former presses down any two keys, he conrinthian column, to which Calamachus subse- nects the battery with the conducting wires, quently adapted and modified his discovery), and the other receives a shock in the two fingers the central ones the caulicoles, the basket the that rest upon the two corresponding keys. By campana or bell, and the tile the abacus. The a combination of these two shocks, either by various purposes to which the acanthus foliage repetition or at regulated intervals, a perfectly is applied will be illustrated hereafter with sufficient number of different signals may be original designs, and made applicable to every given and instantaneously received. Such was branch of manufacture.
the general feature of de Heer de Deventur's plan, the principle of which appeared so inge
nious, and, withal, subject to certain modificaHis Majesty Louis Philippe has just pre- tions, so feasible in practice, as to elicit from sented Lord Holland with a magnificent vase the celebrated Professor Jacobi a memoir in of Sevres porcelain, expressly designed and its favour, addressed to the Imperial Academy manufactured for the occasion. On one side of at St. Petersburg, January 8th, 1844, and acit is exquisitely enamelled a view of Twicken companied by a few suggestions for its imham-house, where the present King of the provement, namely, that the number of conFrench resided for several years when an ducting wires, and of the fingers to be reexile in England, and where he was frequently moved, should be reduced to two; that the two visited by Lord Holland's father, with whom signs, or rather, shocks, should be given by, an he was always on terms of the greatest friend- alternation of single and double, or even triple ship and intimacy. On the other side of the and quadruple strokes with the key, thus provase is a highly-finished view of the Palace of ducing at the other station two sensations very the Tuileries. The French papers, in which distinct from each other.
* In the experithis truly royal gift is announced, justly desig- ments,” adds Professor Jacobi," that I made nate it as a memento of historical interest, and last winter on the ice of the Neva, and in as a mark of delicate attention and compliment which the distance between the stations was 9 on the part of Louis Philippe towards the verstes (about 1,800 yards), I derived a great family of Lord Holland.
advantage, both in point of simplicity and in
convenience of transport, in the employment ADVANTAGES OF REGISTERING DESIGNS FOR ARTICLES or Utility.—(Under the New De- of this ' Physiological Telegraph. The instrusigns Act, 6 and 7 Vic. c. 65.)- Protection for
ment possesses something really curious and the whole of the three Kingdoms by one Act of mysterious. We feel ourselves, so to speak, in Registration.-Protection for a term of three corporeal contact with the person with whom years.--Protection at a moderate expense (from
we correspond. If the apparatus is properly €12. to £20).- Protection immediate (may be arranged, we might, in the midst of a numeobtained in most cases within a couple of days). conventional signals, without any of the per
rous society, both transmit and receive certain -Power of granting licenses for any of the three Kingdoms, or any of the cities, towns, or above description, our readers will perceive
sons present perceiving them.” From the districts thereof, to one, two, three, or any that the use of keys in the apparatus for elecgreater number of persons.—Summary remedy tric telegraphs, is by no means of so modern a for infringements.
date as the public may, for various reasons, The name (acanthus) is compounded of two Groek have been led to suppose. worde, signifying pointed and flower (anthos).
In preference to the usually-adopted systems