piled Anno 1560, and Ratified in the First Parlignent of K. James VI.

Io the Year 1687, upon the Toleraration granted by the late King James, Mr. Mclarum was desirous to return có His Pulpit in Aberdeen, in Subordination to the Bishop; but not obtaining that living, then legally poffest by another, and meeting with another Difappointment he grew picqu’d, and returning to his old Presbyterian Principles, set up a Presbyterian Meeting in Killwinning, and there continued holding Schismatical Alsemblies; until upon the Revolution he remov?d to Edinburgh, where he has been ever since Preacher in the Tron-Church of that City. During his Conformity to Episcopacy he seems to have been one of the Moderate Church Men; such as (if

we may believe a late (a) See Preface to ) Author ) the West. formity, Printed 1705. minster - Asembly was

made up of, Nine excepted, that were known Dilsenters ; and yet these Moderate or Low-Church Men, made Root and Branch work with Episcopacy and the Church of England, and gave no Toleration to her Members, but opposid it as much as ever they


the Hift. of Non-Con

cou'd. Mr. Meldrum is in that Esteem with his Party, that he has been Moderator in Two of their General Assem. blies, and is now their Professor of Divinity in the College of Edinburgh, reckon'd one of the Learnedft Men amongst them. This is certain, that he is one of the most Subile and Irrecoacileable Enemies of Episcopacy.

Divers of the Episcopal Clergy thought themselves obliged to take Notice of what their Adversaries had offer'd in point of Argument against a Toleration to those of the Episcopal Perswalion; such as the Reverend' and Learned Author of The Case of 'the Episcopal Clergy, &c Printed 1703, and of The Defence of the Cafe, &c. and others. Among the rest the Author of these Letters judged it neceffary to examine Mr. Meldrum's Performances in this Controversy, as being done by the Champion of the Party; for Si pergama dextrâ defendi poffent, etiam hac defens a fuissent. And therefore he wrote an Examination of the Sermon abovenam'd, which Examination you have in the First Letter. It was Printed by it self, Anno , 1703. In Answer to which Examination Mr. Meldrum Published a Defence or Vin. dication of his Sermon. That Vindication, was taken to Task by this Author, in Four Letters Address'd to Mr. Meldrum, which were publish'd with this Title,The Reasonableness of Toleration to those of the Episcopal Perswafron, enquired into, purely on Church Principles, &c. Printed at Edinburgh,in Four Letters,&c. by Mr. Ayo drew Symfon, Anno Dom. 1704. They are now Re-printed here, only with this difference, that the First Letter in that Edition is made the Second in this, and the II, III and IV there, are numbred here the III, IV and V; which the Rene der is desired to observe, in the Refeqenças he will meet with in the Latter to the Former. Mr. Meldrum's Sermon is also Annex'd, as having given the firft Occasion for the Letters: It was intended to have had his Vindication Re-printed, that the Reader might have the Progreß of this Controversy before him at once; but the Citations from it being fairly made, and both Page and Line pointed to, that was laid alide, as not necessary, and left it should swell this to too great a Bulk.

This Author meddles not with the State Point, but proceeds wholly upon


Clairch Principles, taken from the Sacred Scriptures, and the Writings and Uniform Pradice of the Firft and Pureft Ages of Christianity : He do's in this Tree tise carry up the Principles of tbe Cyprianick Age, to that of the Apoftles; a thing much defxed by such as have Read the Excellent Book bearing thát Title, and its Learned Vindication; nor is it to be doubted but thefe Letters will have as kind a Reception, amongst the Learned and Judicious, as the abovenamd Books met with.

Should God in his Providence, suffer the Church of England, the Glory and Bulwark of the Reformation, to be run down as in the Late Rebellion; or as the Church of Scotland is at this day, (which God avert) She can hardly expe& any other Treatment than what the Prefa byterians of Scotland have used, and still pursue towards the Episcopal Church there. For its evident that the Principles and Practices of the Party in Both Kingo doms are the same; that is, against Toleration to any but themselves. Their Barbarous Treatment of the Clergy of Scotland, as well since the Revolution as in the Days of the Covenant, is writ



with a Sun-Beam; so that its needless to say any thing of it here : He that wants to be informd will be amaz'd at the Tragical Accounts he will find in several Treatises on that Subject, Printed for you Hindmarsh, 1690, &c. What regard the English Presbyterians had for Tender Consciences, and what Toleration they granted others, when they got themLelyes pofsess'd of the Power, appears sufficiently in their Behaviour towards King Charles I. who was by them deny'd the Attendance and Affiftance of his own Chaplains ; upon which, among his many other Just and Christian Reflections,

you will find the fol(1) 'Esxco Beonas lowing Words. (b) To *M. Chap. xxiv.

deny me the Ghostly Com fort of my Chaplains, seems a greater Ri. gor and Barbarity than is ever used by Chris stians to the meanest Prisoners and greatest Malefactors; whom tho the Justice of the Law deprives of worldly Comforts, yet the Mercy of Religion allows them the Benefit of their Clergy, as not aiming at once to Destroy their Bodies, and to Damn their Souls; but my Agony must not be Reliev'd with the Presence of any one Good Angel; for such I account 4 Learned,


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