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Second Year.-(1) For Male Candidates :--The Geography, Physical, Political, and Commercial, of the British Empire.
(2) For Female Candidates :- The British Empire and its dependencies. The Physical and Political Geography of Europe. Map-drawing from memory, to illustrate these subjects.
GRAMMAR AND COMPOSITION.*- First Year.-(1) For Male Candidates :—The elements of Grammar. Parsing of words, and Analysis and Paraphrase of passages, from some Standard English Author.f Writing of plain prose upon a given subject,
(2) For Female Candidates :-As for Males, but the works selected for analysis, &c., are usually simpler.
Second Year. For both Male and Female Candidates same as for first year, but the tests are taken from more difficult authors, † and demand greater knowledge of the language.
SCHOUL MANAGEMENT. *-First Year. –To answer questions on the best methods of teaching the common subjects of elementary instruction (Reading, Spelling, Arithmetic, Writing, &c. See Table, p. 2), and on the art of oral teaching generally. To write notes of lessons on common objects, and on any subject which may be legitimately considered as within the scope of Elementary-school work.
(For Female Candidates desirous of becoming Infant teachers, a special group of questions is given on the best methods of teaching Infants ; and Notes of Lessons are required on simple subjects, such as the appearance and use of common plants, animals, minerals—the functions of the human body, &c.)
Second Year.-To answer questions on the different modes of organizing an elementary School ; on the form of school-registers, the mode of keeping them and making returns from then; on moral discipline, as affecting the character and conduct of children. To teach a class in the presence of the Inspector. I
Music (Vocal).-First Year.- Notation : Treble and Bass
• Failure in this subject cancels success in every other subject, and excludes from the Certificate.
+ The authors selected vary from year to year, and can be ascertained only from the “ Syllabus " (See $ 32, p. 10). Shakespeare, Milton, Cowper, Thomson, Wordsworth, Goldsmith, Scott, Bacon, and Lamb, are the most frequently taken ; the oldest being (generally) reckoned the most difficult,
Those who take the examination as Acting Teachers (p. 9. § 27) should teach, read, and (in the case of Women) perform the Needlework exercise before the Inspector at his visit to their schools, prior to tho December examination.
Staves and their relation. Time : Simple Common and Simple Triple. Scales : Major and Minor with the intervals (major or minor, perfect or other) found in both, and the Chromatic intervals found in the minor. Transposition from one key to another. Transcription from one time to another.
Second Year.-Notation : Alto and Tenor Staves, and their relation to the treble and bass. Time : Compound, Common and Triple. Classification of Intervals as perfect, imperfect, consonant, dissonant. Resolution of individual dissonant intervals. Harmony: Position of chords, progression, inversion, discords by suspension (on fundamental bases); the discord of the dominant seventh (in its direct form only).
(The questions are given in both the established notation and the Tonic-Sol-Fa.)
EUCLID.—For Male Candidates only: First Year. The first two books, with simple deductions from the propositions.
Second Year.—The first four books, and the first fifteen Propositions from the fifteenth book, with simple deductions from the propositions.
ALGEBRA AND MENSURATION. —For Male Candidates only : First Year.-Four simple rules. Involution, Evolution, Common Measure, Common Multiples. Algebraic Fractions, Surds, Ratios and Proportions, Progressions, and the solution of Simple and Quadratic Equations of one or more unknown quantities or problems producing such.
DOMESTIC ECONOMY For Female Candidates only. First Year.-Questions to be answered on Clothing and Needlework ; on Food and Cooking; on House-cleaning and Laundry-work; on Warmth and Ventilation.
Second Year.-As for First Year, with questions added on Household Expenditure, Investments of Savings, Laws of Health, Care of the Sick, and Simple Household Remedies.
LANGUAGES.—Candidates whose papers in the other subjects reach a fair standard, may under certain conditions (see Syllabus) take a paper in Latin, Greek, French or German.
First Year.—Questions on the Grammar of the language, and easy passages for translation.
Second Year.—The same, but with more difficulties; and questions on Construction of Sentences.
EXAMINATION IN SPECIAL SUBJECTS, HELD BY
THE SCIENCE AND ART DEPARTMENT.
34. Classes are now held in most towns, in connection with the Science and Art Department of the Committee of Council on Education. They meet, as a rule, during the winter months, in the evening ; and the examinations take place in March, April or May.
35. The following are the subjects recognised by the Department: Success in the “ Advanced” Stage of any one of those gives additional marks at the Scholarship and Certificate Examinations ; provided that the candidate's work in the more important subjects * is fairly good. Science.
Elementary Botany. Practical, Plane and Solid Geometry.
Biology. Machine Construction and Drawing.
Principles of Mining.
Mətallurgy. Building and Construction.
Navigation. Naval Architecture and Drawing.
Nautical Astronomy. Pure Mathematics.
Steam. Theoretical Mechanics.
Principles of Agriculture.
Freehand Drawing from the flat.
Practieal Geometry, Mineralogy.
Linear Perspective. Animal Physiology.
Model Drawing 36. Full particulars as to conditions of examination, etc., are published annually in the Science Directory and the Art Directory. Either of these can be obtained by forwarding sevenpence in stamps to the Secretary, Science (or Art) Department, South Kensington, London, W.
37. The questions set at the annual examinations of Science Classes may be obtained in the same manner, at the cost of fourpenice.
38. Persons wishing to study in any of these Classes are advised to apply for information to the nearest Elementary School Master; or, in case of difficulty, to write a clear statement of the wish and the difficulty to South Kensington ; always enclosing a stamped addressed envelope for reply. .
* Reading, Writing, Arithmetic, School Management, Needlework.
39. Drawing is so useful, even as an aid to other subjects, that the aspirant to a teacher's work and position should make every effort to learn it, as it is taught in these Art Classes.
TRAINING COLLEGES. 40. TRAINING COLLEGES are institutions wherein young persons of either sex, having completed their eighteenth year, passed the Scholarship (Admission) Examination, and paid a small entrance fee, are instructed in the principles and practice of teaching, and in the subjects required for passing the Certificate Examination.
41. The term of training is two years. Candidates have to sign a declaration to the effect that they intend to remain under instruction in the College for that period, and to follow the profession of Teacher in recognised Public Elementary Schools, or in the Army or Navy, or (within Great Britain) in Poor Law Schools, Certified Industrial Schools, or Reformatories.
42. Candidates for admission must be examined by the Medical Officer of the College, and by him certified free from bodily defect, deformity, and constitutional weakness, unfitting them for the work of teaching.
43. The Colleges provide the Student with board, lodging, washing, and medical attendance during the two years' training, except a few weeks of vacation at Midsummer and Christinas.
44. After completing the two years' training, and passing the Certificate Examinations, the Candidate (now called a probationer) is eligible for an appointment as Head Teacher or Assistant.
45. After entering on the work of a school, the probationer must obtain two favourable reports from the Government Inspector before the parchment certificate is given. These reports must both be obtained in the same school, with an interval of not less than twelve months between them; and the first cannot be given unless the probationer has worked in the school at least three months.
46. The Training Colleges are, to a very great extent, dependent for their maintenance on the grants they obtain from Government, which grants are reckoned to each College on the number of probationers, trained therein, who actually receive their parchment certificates. Any failure on the part of a student or probationer in following to the end the course marked out involves serious pecuniary loss to the College, and is, in fact, a breach of contract.
47. The entrance fees are subject to alteration, and are generally rising ; the College authorities feeling that beuevolent subscriptions cannot be asked now as formerly, when the work of teaching was poorly paid, and gave barely the means of subsistence to those undertaking it.
48. The Colleges connected with the Established Church of England require candidates for admission to pass an examination in Scripture and the Book of Common Prayer. Those connected with the Established or Free Churches of Scotland require a pass in Scripture and the Shorter Catechism. The Wesleyan Colleges require Scripture knowledge and an acquaintance with the Conference Catechism No. 2. Those connected with the British and Foreign School Society require no examination in religious subjects, but exact testimonials of good moral and religious training, and give instruction in Scripture without the use of creed or catechism.
49. Candidates for admission should, if Pupil-Teachers, request the Head Teacher or Managers of their schools to write for "application forms ” to the Principal or Correspondents of the College they wish to enter. Candidates, not being Pupil-Teachers, should themselves write, to the same effect. This should be done not later than the first of March. If, from any cause, the applicant should afterwards wish to withdraw his application, a note to that effect should be sent as soon as possible to the Principal.
50.-LIST OF TRAINING COLLEGES.
I.-For England and Wales. BANGOR (for Masters only).—British and Foreign School Society (Undenominational). Correspondent: Rev. D. Rowlands, Bangor. Entrance fee, £7 7s.
BATTERSEA (for Masters only).—National Society (Church of England). Correspondent : Rev. E. Daniel, St. John's Training College, Battersea, London, S.W. Entrance fee, £10.
Bishop's STORTFORD, HOCKERILL (for Mistresses only. Church of England). —Correspondent : Rev. A. E. Ivorthey, Hockerill, Bishop's Stortford. Entrance fee, £3 for those taking a firstclass place in the Scholarship List; £5 for those taking a second-class. (This is the College for the Diocese of Rochester.)