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In golden armour glorious to behold, The rivets of your arms were mail'd with gold. Dryden. NA'ILER. m. s. [from nail.] One whose trade is to forge nails; a nail maker. NA'KED. adj. Inacob, Sax.] 1. Wanting clothes; uncovered; bare. A philosopher being asked in what a wise man differed from a fool : answered, send them both naked to those who know them not, and you shall perceive. Bacon. He pitying how they stood Before him, naked to the air, that now Must suffer change; As father of his family, he clad Their nakedness with skins of beasts. Milton. 2. Unarmed ; defenceless; unprovided. Had I but serv'd my God with half the zeal I serv'd my king, he would not in mine age Have left me naked to mine enemies. Shakesp. Ungrateful men Behold my bosom naked to your swords, And let the man that's injur'd strike the blow. - Addison. 3. Plain; evident; not hidden. The truth appears so naked on my side, That any purblind eye may find it out. Shakesp. 4. Mere; bare; wanting the necessary additions; simple; abstracted. Not that God doth require nothing unto hapiness at the hands of men, saving only a naked |. for hope and charity we may not exclude; but that without belief als other things are as nothing, and it is the ground of those other divine virtues. Hooker. NA’k Ed LY. a 'r. 1. Without covering. 2. Simply; merely; barely; in the abStract. Though several single letters nakedly considered, are found to be articulations only of spirit or breath, and not of breath vocalized ; yet there is that property in all letters of aptness to be conjoined in syslables. Holder. 3. Discoverably; evidently. So blinds the sharpest counsels of the wise This overshadowing Providence on high, And dazzleth all their clearest-sighted eyes, That they see not how nakedly they lie. Daniel. NA'KEDN Ess. n.s.. [from naked.} 1. Nudity; want of covering. My face I'll grime with filth; And with presented nakedness out-face The winds and persecutions of the sky, Shakesp. Nor he their outward only, with the skins Of beasts; but inward nakedness, much more Opprobrious! with his robe of righteousness Arraying, cover'd from his Father's sight. Milton. I entreat my gentle readers to sow on their tuckers again, and not to imitate the nakedness, but the innocence of their mother Eve. Addison. Thou to be strong must put off every dress, Thy only armour is thy nakedness. Prior. 2. Want of provision for defence. Spies, to see the nakedness of the land are come. - - Genesis. 3. Plainness; evidence; want of concealment. Why seek'st thou to cover with excuse That which appears in proper nakedness? Shakesp. NALL. m. s. An awl, such as collarmakers or shoemakers use. Whole bridle and saddle, whitleather and mall, With collars and harness. Tusser. NAME. m. s. [nama, Sax. naem, Dut.] 1. The discriminative appellation of an individual. What is thy name 2 -Thou'lt be afraid to hear it. -No: though thou call'st thyself a hotter name Than any is in hell.

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is distinguished.
What's in a name * That which we call a rose,
By any other name would smell as sweet. Shakesp.
If every particular idea, that we take in, should
have a distinct name, names must be endless.
Locke.
3. Person.
They list with women each degen'rate name,
Who dares not hazard life for future fame. Dryden.
4. Reputation; character.
The king's army was the last enemy the west
had been acquainted with, and had left no good
name behind. Clarendon.
5. Renown; fame; celebrity; eminence;
praise; remembrance; memory; dis-

tinction ; honour.
What men of name resort to him *
—Sir Walter Herbert, a renowned soldier;
And Rice ap Thomas with a valiant crew,
And many others of great name and worth. Shak.
Visit eminent persons of great nume abroad ; to
tell how the life agreeth with the faine. Bacon.
Here rest thy bones in rich Hesperia's plains,
Thy name, ’tis all a ghost can have, remains.
Dryden.
A hundred knights
Approv’d in fight, and men of mighty name.
Dryden.
These shall be towns of mighty fame,
Tho' now they lie obscure, and lands without a
name. Druden.
Bartolus is of great name; whose authority is
as much valued amongst the modern lawyers, as
Papinian's was amongst the ancients. Baker.
6. Power delegated; imputed character.
In the name of the people,
And in the power of us the tribunes, we
Banish him. Shakesp. Coriolanus.

7. Fictitious imputation.
When Ulysses with fallacious arts,
Had forg d a treason in my patron's name,
My kinsman fell. Dryden's AEneid.
8. Appearance; not reality ; assumed
character.
I'll to him again, in the name of Brook ;

He'll tell me all his purpose. Shak
There is a friend which is only a friend in name.
Ecclus.

9. An opprobrious appellation.
The husband
Bids her confess; calls her ten thousand names;
In vain she kneels. Granville.
Like the watermen of Thames
1 row by, and call them names. Swift's Miscel.
To NAME. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To discriminate by a particular appel-
lation imposed.
I mention here a son of the king's whom Florizel
I now name to you; and with speed so pace
To speak of Perdita. Shakesp.
Thou hast had seven husbands, neither wast
thou named after any of them. Tob. iii. 8.
His name was called Jesus, which was so named
of the angel before he was conceived. Luke, ii. 21.
Thus was the building left
Ridiculous, and the work, Confusion nam'd. Milt.
2. To mention by name.
Accustom not thy mouth to swearing: neither
use thyself to the naming of the Holy One. Ecclus.
My tongue could maine whate'er 1 saw. Milton.
Those whom the fables name of monstrous size.
- - Milton.
3. To specify; to nominate,
Did my father's godson seek your life?
He whom my father nam'd 2 your Edgar. Shakesp.
Bring me him up whom I shall name. 1 Sam.
Let any one name that proposition, whose terms
or ideas were either of them innate. Locke.

—My name's Macbeth. Shakesp.

4. To utter; to mention.

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NAMELY. adr. [from name.] Particu

larly ; specially; to mention by name. It can be to nature no injury, that of her we say the same which diligent beholders of her works have observed; namelu, to at she provideth for all

living creatures nourishment which may suffice. Hooker.

Which of these sorrows is he subject to 2 —To none of these, except it be the last;

Namely, some love that drew him oft from home. Shakesp. The council making remonstrances unto queen Elizabeth, of the continual conspiracies against her life; and namely, that a man was lately taken, who stood ready in a very suspicious manner to do the deed; advised her to go less abroad weakly attended. But the queen answered, that she had rather be dead, than put in custody. Bacon. For the excellency of the soul, namely, its power of divining in dreams; that several such

divinations have been made, none can question. ddison. Solomon's choice does not only instruct us in that point of history, but furnishes out a very fine moral to us; namely, that he who applies his heart to wisdom, does at the same time take the most proper method for gaining long life, riches, and reputation. Addison's Guardian.

NAMER. n.s.. [from name.] One who calls or knows any by name.

NAMEs Ak E. m. s. One that has the same

name with another.
Nor does the dog-fish at sea, much more make
out the dog of ..i. than that his cognominal, or
namesake in the heavens. Brown's sug. Err.
One author is a mole to another: it is impos-
sible for them to discover beauties; they have
eyes only for blemishes: they can indeed see the
light, as is said of their namesakes; but it's medi-
ately shut their eyes. Aa.'ison.

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crously used.
Mopsa sat swallowing of sleep with open mouth,
making such a noise, as no body could lay the

stealing of a map to her charge. Sidneu. Let your bounty take a nap, and I will awake

it anon. Shakesp. The sun had long since in the lap

Of Thetis, taken out his map. Hudibras.

So long as I'm at the forge you are still taking your map. 'Estrange.

2. [pnoppa, Sax.] Down; villous sub-
Stance.
Amongst those leaves she made a butterfly
With excellent device and wondrous flight;
The velvet nap, which on his wings doth lie,
The silken down, with which hisback is "ş.

penurr.

Jack Cade the clothier means to dress the commonwealth, and set a new nap upon it. Shakesp.

Plants, though they have no prickles, have a NA'PLESs.

kind of downy or velvet rind upon their leaves; which down or map cometh of a subtil spirit, in a soft or fat substance. Bacon. Ah! where must needy poet seek for aid, | When dust and rain at once his coat invade; His only coat! where dust confus'd with rain Roughens the nap, and leaves a mingled stain.

Swift. To NAPP. v. a. [pnoeppan, Sax.] To sleep; to be drowsy or secure; to be supinely careless. | They took him napping in his bed. Hudibras. A wolf took a dog napping at his master's door. L'Estrange." - What is seriously related by Helmont, that foul linen, stopt in a vessel that hath wheat in it, will in twenty-one days time turn the wheat into mice; without conjuring, one may guess to have been the philosophy and information of some housewife, who had not so carefully covered her wheat, but that the mice could come at it, and were there taken mapping just when they had made an end of their good chear. Bentley. NAPTAKING.. n.s. snap and take..] Surprize; seizure on a sudden ; unexpected onset, like that made on men asleep. . Naptakings assaults, spoilings, and firings, have in our forefathers' days, between us and France, Jeon common. Carew. NAPE. m. s. [Of uncertain etymology. Skinner imagines it comes from map, the hair that grows on it; Junius, with his usual Greek sagacity, from v4.7% a hill; perhaps from the same root with

knob.] The joint of the neck behind.

Turn your eyes towards the napes of your necks, and make but an interior survey of your good selves. Shakesp. Domitian dreamed, the night before he was slain, that a golden head was growing out of the nape of his neck. Bacon.

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linen. Dict. NAPHEw. n. s. [napus, Lat.] An herb.

NAphth A. m. s. snaphtha, Lat.]

Naphtha, is a very pure, clear, and thin mineral fluid, of a very pale yellow, with a cast of brown init. It is soft and dily to the touch, of a sharp and unpleasing taste, and of a brisk and lenetrating smell of the bituminous kind. It is extremely ready to take fire. Hill's Mat. Med.

Strabo represents it as a liquation of bitumen. It swims on the top of the water of wells and *Prings. That found about Babylon is in some *Priogs whitish, tho' it be generally black, and differs little from Petroleum. Woodward.

NAPPINEss. n.s. [from nappy..] The quality of having a nap.

*APKIN. n.s. (from map; which ety. ology is oddly favoured by Virgil, Tonsisque ferunt mantilia villis : na. peria, Ital.]

1. A cloth used at table to wipe the hands.

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1. A handkerchief. Obsolete. This sense is retained in Scotland.

1 am glad I have found this napkin;

This was her first remembrance from the Moor.
Shakesp.

adj. [from nap.] Wanting nap; threadbare.

Were he to stand for consul, ne'er would he
Appear in th’ market place, nor on him put
The mapless vesture of humility. Shakesp.

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apples and ale are called lamb's wool.
When I my thresher heard,
With nappu beer I to the barn repair'd. Gay.

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As o'er the fabled mountain hanging still. Thomson. NARco"tick. adj. [ratoš, ; marcotique, Fr.] Producing torpor, or stupefaction. Narcotick includes all that part of the materia medica, which any way produces, sleep, whether called by this name, or hypnoticks, or opiates. Quincy. The ancients esteemed it marcotick or stupefactive, and it is to be found in the list of poisons by 1)ioscorides. Brown.

NARD. m. s. [nardus, Lat. Vá;32, Gr. ) 1. Spikenard; a kind of ointment. He now is come Into the blissful field, thro' groves of myrrh, And flow'ring odours, cassia, nard, and balm. Milton. 2. An odorous shrub. Smelt, o' the bud o' the briar. Or the nard in the fire. Ben Jonson's Underwoods. NARE. m. s. [maris, Lat.] A nostril; not used, except as in the following passage, in affectation. There is a Machiavelian plot, Though every nare olfact it not. . Hudibras. NA'Rw HALE. m. s. A species of whale. Those long horns, preserved as precious beauties, are but the teeth of narwhales. Brown's Vul. Err. NA'RRABLE. adj. [from narro, Lat.] Capable to be told or related. NARRAt E. v. a. [narro, Lat.] To relate; to tell: a word only used in Scotland. NARRATION. m. s. [narratio, Lat. narration, Fr.] Account ; relation ; history. He did doubt of the truth of that narration. - Abbot. They that desire to look into the narrations of the story, or the variety of the matter, we have been careful might have profit. 2 Mac. ii. 24. This commandment, containing, among other things, a narration of the creation of the world, is commonly read. JWhite. Homer introduces the best instructions, in the midst of the plainest narrations. Broome on the Odyssey. NA'RRATIVE. adj. [narratif-re, Fr. from narro, Lat.] 1. Relating; giving an account. To judicial acts credit ought to be given though the words be narrative. Aylsie's Parergon. 2. Storytelling ; apt to relate things past. Age, as Davenant says, is always narrative. Dryden. The poor, the rich, the valiant, and the sage, And Loasting youth, and narrative old age. Pope. NA'RRATIVE. m. s. A relation ; an account; a story. In the instructions I give to others, concerning what they should do, take a narrative of what you have done. South.

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1. Not broad or wide; having but a sma. distance from side to side. Edward from Belgia, Hath pass'd in safety through the narrow sea, Shakesp. The angel stood in a narrow place, where was no way to turn either to the right hard or to the left. - Numbers, ii. 26. In a narrow bottom'd ditch cattle cannot turn. Io timer. By being too few, or of an improper figure and dimension to do their duty in perfection, they become narrow and incapable of performing their native function. Blackmore.

2. Small; of no great extent: used of

time as well as place. From this narrow time of gestation, may ensue a smallness in the exclusion; but this inferreth no informity. Brown. Though the Jews were but a small nation, and confined to a narrow compass in the world, yet the first rise of letters and languages is truly to be ascribed to them. Wilkins.

3. Covetous; avaricious.
To narrow breasts he comes all wrapt in gain,
To swelling hearts he shines in honour's fire.
Sidney.

4. Contracted ; of confined sentiments,

ungenerous. Nothing more shakes any society than mean divisions between the several orders of its members, and their narrow-hearted repining at other's gain. - Spratt. The greatest understanding is narrow. How much of God and nature is there, whereof we never had any idea? Grew. The hopes of good from those whom we gratify, would produce a very narrow and stinted charity. Smallridge. A salamander grows familiar with a stranger at first sight, and is not so narrow-spirited as to observe, whether the person she talks to, be in breeches or in petticoats. Addison. It is with narrow-soul’d people as with narrowneck'd bottles; the less they have in them the more noise they make in pouring it out. Sust. 5. Near; within a small distance. . Then Mnestheus to the head his arrow drove, But made a glancing shot, and miss'd the dove; Yet miss'd so narrow, that he cut the cord Which fasten’d by the foot the flitting bird; Dryden.

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By reason of the great continent of Brasília, the needle deflecteth toward the land twelve derees; but at the Straits of Magellan, where the i. is narrowed, and the sea on the other side, it varieth about five or six. Brown. A government, which by alienating the affections, losing the opinions, and crossing the interests of the people, leaves out of its compass the greatest part of their consent, o be said, in the same degrees it loses ground, to narrow its bottom. - . Temple: 2. To contract; to impair in dignity of

extent or influence. One science is incomparably above all the rest, where it is not by corruption narrowed into a trade, for mean or ill ends, and secular interests ; I Inçau, theology, which contains the knowledge of God and his creatures. Locke. 3. To contract in sentiment or capacity of knowledge. Desuetude does contract and narrow our faculties, so that we can apprehend only those things in which we are conversant. Government of the Tongue. How hard it is to get the nind, narrowed by a scanty collection of common ideas, to enlarge itself to a more copious stock. Locke. Lo! ev'ry finish’d son returns to thee; Bounded by nature, narrow'd still by art, A triting head, and a contracted heart. 4. To confine : to limit. I most find fault with his narrowing too much his own bottom, and his unwary sa oping the foundation on which he stands. !"aterland. By admitting too many things at once into one question, the mind is dazzled and bewildered ; whereas by limiting and narrowing the question, you take a fuller survey of the whole. | Watts. Our knowledge is much more narrowed, if we confine ourselves to our own solitary reasonings, without much reading. Watts. [In farriery. A horse is said to narrow, when he does not take ground enough, and does not bear far enough out to the one hand or to the other. Farrier's Dict. NAR Row LY. ade. [from narrow.] 1. With little breadth or wideness; with small distance between the sides. 2. Contractedly; without extent. The church of England is not so narrowly calculated, that it cannot fall in with any regular

Pope.

species of government. Swift. 3. Closely ; vigilantly ; attentively. My fellow-schoolmaster Doth watch Bianca's steps so narrowly. Shakesp.

If it be narrowly considered, this colour will be reprehended or encountered, by imputing to all excellencies in compositions a kind of poverty. Bacon. For a considerable treasure hid in my vineyard search narrowlu when I am gone. 'F'strange. A man's reputation draws eyes upon him that will narrowly inspect every part of him. Addison. 4. Nearly ; within a little. Some private vessels took one of the Aquapulca ships, and very narrowly missed of the other. - - - Swift 5. Avariciously; sparingly. NA'RRow N Ess. m. s. [from narrow.]

1. Want of breadth or wideness. In our Gothic cathedrals, the narrowness of the arch makes it rise in height, or run out in length. Addison on Italy. 2. Want of extent; want of comprehension. - That prince, who should be so wise and godlike , as by established laws of liberty to secure protection and encouragement to the homest industry of mankind, against the oppression of wer, and narrowness of party, will quickly be to hard for his neighbours. Locke. 3 Confined state; contractedness.

The most learned and ingenious society in Europe confess the narrowness of human attainneints. Glanville. Cheap vulgar arts, whose narrowness affords No flight for thoughts, but poorly sticks at words. - Denham. The Latin, a severe and compendious language, often expresses that in one word, which either the barbarity or the narrowness of modern tongues cannot supply in more. Dryden. 4. Meanness; poverty. If God will fit thee for this passage, by taking off thy load, and emptying thy bags, and so suit the narrowness of thy fortune to the narrowness of the way thou art to pass, is there any thing but mercy in all this? South. 5. Want of capacity. Another disposition in men, which makes them improper for philosophical contemplations, is not so much from the narrowness of their spirit and understanding, as because they will not take time to extend them. Burnet's Theory. NAs. [from ne has, or has not..] Obsolete. For pity'd is mishap that nas remedy, But scorn'd been deeds of ford foolery. Spenser. NA's A L. adj. [nasus, Lat.] Belonging to the nose. To pronounce the nasals, and some of the vowels s: iritally, the throat is brought to labour, and it makes a guttural pronunciation. Holder. When the discharge lessens, pass a small probe through the nasal duct into the nose every time it is drest, in order to dilate it a little. Sharpe's Surgery. NA's ico RNous. adj. [masus and cornu.] Having the horn on the nose. Some unicorns are among insects; as those four kinds of normons beetles described by Moffetus. Brown. NASTY. adj. [nast, nat, Germ. wet.] 1. Dirty; filthy; sordid ; nauseous; polluted. Sir Thomas More, in his answer to Luther, has thrown out the greatest heap of nasty language that perhaps ever was put together. Atterbury. A nice man, is a man of nasty ideas. Swift. 2. Obscene; leud. NA'stily. a 'r. [from nasty.] 1. Dirtily; filthily; nauseously. The most pernicious infection next the plague, is the smell of the jail, when prisoners have been long and close and nastily kept. Bacon's Nat Hist.

2. Obscenely; grossly.

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NATHLEss. adj. [na, that is, not, the
less, Sax.] Nevertheless: formed thus,
matheless, math'less. Obsolete.
Nath'less, my brother, since we passed are
Unto this point, we will appease our jar. Spenser
The torrid clime
Smote on him sore besides, vaulted with fire.
Nath"less he so endur'd, 'till on the beach
Of that inflamed sea he stood, and call'd
His legions. Milton's Par. Lost.
NATH MoR.E. adv. [na the more.] Never
the more. Obsolete.
Yet mathmore by his bold hearty speech,
Could his blood-frozen heart enbolden'd be.

NATION. m. s. [nation, Fr. natio, Lat] 1. A people distinguished from another people; generally by their language, original, or government. If Edward l II. had prospered in his French wars, and peopled with ... the towns which he won, as he began at Calais driving out the French, his successors holding the same course, would have filled all France with our nation. Raleigh, A nation properly signifies a great number ol families derived from the same blood, born in the salue country, and living under the same governintent. emple. 2. A great number: emphatically. When after battle I the field have seen Spread o'er with ghastly shapes, which once were men ; A nation crusht! a nation of the brave! A realm of death ! and on this side the grave Are there, said I, who from this sad survey, This human chaos, carry smiles away : Young.

NATIONAL. adj. [national, Fr. from nation.]

1. Publick; general; not private; not particular. They in their earthly Canaan plac'd, Long time shall dwell and prosper: but when sins National interrupt their ... peace. Milton. Such a national devotion inspires men with sentiments of religious gratitude, and swells their hearts with joy and exultation. Addison. The astonishing victories our armies have been crowned with, were in some measure the blessings returned upon that national charity which has been so conspicuous. Addison. God, in the execution of his judgments, never visits a people with public and general calamities, but where their sins are public and national too. Rogers.

2. Bigotted to one's own country.

NATIONALLY. adv. [from national.] With regard to the nation. The term adulterous chiefly relates to the Jews, who being nationally espoused to God by cove mant, every sin of theirs was in a peculiar manner spiritual adultery. South. NATIONALN Ess. n. s. [from national.] Reference to the people in general. NATIVE. adj. [nativus, Lat. natif-re. Fr. 1. Produced by nature; natural, not artificial. She more sweet than any bird on bough Would oftentimes amongst them bear a part, And strive to pass, as she could well enough, Their native musick by her skilful art. Spenser. This doctrine doth not enter by the ear, But of itself is native in the breast. Davies.

2. Natural; such as is according to nature; original.

The members retired to their homes, reassume

the native sedateness of their temper. Swift.

3. Conferred by birth ; belonging by

birth.

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NATive. n.s. 1. One born in any place; original inhabitant. Make no extirpation of the natives, under pretence of planting religion; God surely will no way be pleased with such sacrifices. Bacon's Advice to Williers. Tully, the humble mushroom scarcely known, The lowly native of a country town. den's Juvenal. . There stood a monument to Tacitus the historian, to the emperors Tacitus and Florianus, natitos of the place. dison. Our natives have a fuller habit, squarer, and more extended chests, than the people that be beyond us to the south. Blackmore. 2. Offspring. - Th’ accusation, All cause unborn, could never be the native Of our so frank donation. Shakesp. Coriolanus.

NATIVEN Ess. n.s.. [from native..] State of being produced by nature.

NATI'vity. n. s. [nativité, Fr.] I. Birth; issue into life. Concluding ever with a thanksgivin motiritu of our Saviour, in whose births Ée births of all are only blessed. Bacon. . . They looked upon those as the true days of their nativity, wherein they were freed from the on and sorrows of a troublesome world. Nelson. 2. Time, place, or manner of birth. My husband, and my children both, And you the calenders of their nativity, Go to a gossip's feast. . . Shakesp. Comedy of Err. They say there is divinity in odd jo, eithe in nativity, chance or death. Shakesp. When I vow, I weep; and vows so born, In their nativity all truth appears. Shakesp. Thy birth and thy nativity is of Canaan. Ezek.

3. State or place of being produced. These, in their dark nativity, the deep *all yield us, pregnant with infernal flame. Milton. NATURAL. adj. [naturalis, Lat. naturel, Fr.] 1. Produced or effected by nature; not artificial. There is no natural motion of any particular * body, which is perpetual, yet it is possible for them to contrive . an artificial revolution * shall constantly be the cause of itself. Wilkins. * Illegitimate ; not legal. This would turn the vein of that we call natural, to that of legal propagation ; which has ever been ousaged as the other has been disfavoured by all institutions. Temple. * Bestowed by nature; not acquired. of there be any difference in natural parts, it *hould seem that the advantage lies on the side of thildren born from noble and wealthy parents. * Not forced; not farfetched; dictated by nature.

I will now deliver a few of the properest and *"allot considerations that belon" to this piece.

Wotton. Vol. II.

for the

5. Following the stated course of things.

If solid piety, humility, and a sober sense of themselves, is much wanted in that sex, it is the plain and natural consequence of a vain and corrupt education. 6. Consonant to natural notions. Such unnatural connections become, by custom, as natural to the mind as sun and light': fire and was luth go together, and so seem to carry with them as natural an evidence as self-evident truths themselves. Locke. 7. Discoverable by reason, not revealed. I call that natural religion, which men might know, and should be obliged unto, by the meer principles, of reason, improved by consideration and experience, without the help of revelation. - Wilkins. 8. Tender; affectionate by nature. To leave his wife, to leave his babes, He wants the matral touch. Shakesp. Macbeth. 9. Unaffected; according to truth and reality. What can be more natural than the circumstances in the behaviour of those women who had lost their husbands on this fatal day. Addison. 10. Opposed to violent: as, a natura

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with the privileges of native subjects. The lords informed the king, that the 1rish

might not be naturalized without damage to them

selves or the crown. Davies.

2. To make natural; to make easy like things natural.

He rises fresh to his hammer and anvil; custom has naturalized his labour to him. South.

NATURALLY. adv. [from natural.]

1. According to the power or impulses of unassisted nature. Our sovereign good is desired naturallu ; God, the author of that natural desire, hath appointed natural means whereby to fulfill it ; but man having utterly disabled his nature unto these means, hath had other revealed, and hath received from heaven a law to teach him, how that which is desired naturally, must now supernaturally be attained. - ooker. If sense be not certain in the reports it makes of things to the mind, there can be naturally no such thing as certainty of knowledge. South. When you have once habituated your heart to a serious performance of holy intercession, you have done a great deal to render it incapable of spite and envy, and to make it naturally delight in the happiness of mankind. Law.

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3. Spontaneously; without art ; without cultivation: as, there is no place where wheat naturally grows.

NATURALNEss. m. s. [from natural.]

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2. Conformity to truth and reallity; not

affectation. He must understand what is contained in the temperament of the eyes, in the naturalness of the eyebrows. - den. Horace speaks of these parts in an ode that may be reckoned among the finest for the naturalness of the thought, and the beauty of the expression. Addison.

NATURE. m. s. [natura, Lat. nature, Fr.]

1. An imaginary being supposed to preside over the material and animal world.

Thou, nature, art my goddess.; to o: My services are bound. Shakesp. King I car. W. it was said to Anaxagoras, the Athenians have condemned you to die; he said, and nature them. Bacon. Let the postillion nature mount, and let The coachman art be set. Heav'n bestows At home all riches that wise nature needs.Cowley. Simple nature to his hope has giv'n, Beyond the cloud-topt . an humbler heav'n. ope. 2. The native state or properties of any thing, by which it is discriminated from

Cowley.

others.

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ture, or conformable to truth and reality. Only nature can please those tastes which are

unprejudiced and refined. ddison. Nature and Homer were, he found, the same.

Pope. 12. Physicks; the science which teaches the qualities of things. Nature and nature's laws lay hid in night, God said, let Newton be, and all was light. Pope. 13. Of this word which occurs so frequently, with significations so various, and so difficultly defined, Boyle has given an explication, which deserves to be epitomised. Nature sometimes means the Author of Nature, or natura maturams; as, nature hath made inan partly corooreal and partly immaterial. For nature in this sense may be used the word creator. Nature sometimes ineans that on whose account a thing is what it is, and is called, as when we it line the nature of an angle. For nature in this sease muay be used essence or quality.

Pope.

Nature sometimes means what belongs to a living creature as its nativity, or accrues to it by its birth, at when we sav, a man is noble by nature, or a child is naturallu forward. This may be expressed by saying, the man was born so, or, the thing was generated such. Nature sometimes means an internal principle of local motion, as we say, the stone falls, or the flame rises by nature; for this we may say, that the motion up or down is spontaneous, or produced by its proper cause. Nature sometimes means the established course of things corporeal; as, nature makes the night succeed the day. This may be termed established order or settled course. Nature means sometimes the aggregate of the powers belonging to a body, especially, a living one ; as when physicians say, that nature is strong. or nature left to herself will do the cure. For this may be used, constitution, temperament, or structure of the body Nature is put likewise for the system of the corporeal works of God ; as there is no horuix or chimera in nature. For nature thus applied, we may use the world, or the universe. Nature is sometimes indeed commonly taken for a kid of semi-deity. In this sense it is best not to use it at all. Boyle's Free Inquiry into the received Notion of Nature.

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Me from the womb the midwife muse did take, She cut my navel. Coulev. There is a superintending Providence. that some animals : hunt for the teat before they are quite gotten out of the secundines and parted from the navelstring. Derham. 2. The middle; the interiour part. Being prest to the war, Even when the narel of the state was touch'd, They would not thread the gates. Shakesp. Within the navel of this hideous wood, Immur'd in cypress shades, a sorcerer “.

NA'v FLG ALL. n.s. Narelgall is a bruise on the top of the chile of the back, behind the saddle, right against the harel, occasioned either by the saddle being split behind, or the stuffing being of: or by the crupper buckle sitting down in that place, or some hard weight or knobs lying directly behind the saddle. NA'v Elwort. n.s.. [cotyledon.] A plant. It hath the appearance of houseleek. Miller. NA'v Ew. m. s. snapus, Lat navet, naveau, Fr.] A plant. It agrees in most respects with the turnep ; but has a lesser root, and somewhat warmer in taste. In the isle of Ely the species, which is wild, is very much cultivated, it being the cole seed from which they draw the oil. Miller. NAUGHT. [nape, mappi}t, Sax. that is, me aught, not any thing.] Bad ; corrupt; worthless: it is now hardly used but in Judicrous language. With them that are able to put a difference between things naught and things indifferent in the

church of Rome, we are yet at controversy about the manner of removing that which is naught.

oter. Thy sister's naught: Oh, Regan' she hath tied Sharp-tooth’d unkinduess like a vulture here: Shakesp. NAUGHT. n.s. Nothing. This is commonly, though improperly, written nought. See AUGHT and OUGHT. Be you contented To have a son set your decrees at naught,

To pluck down justice from your awful bench. Shakesp.

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