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make lame; to cripple. I never heard of such another encounter, which lames report to follow it, and undoes description to do it. Shakesp. The son and heir Affronted once a cock of noble kind, And either lam'd his legs, or struck him blind. Dryden. If you happen to let the child fall, and lame it, never confess. Swift. LAMELLATED. adj. [lamella, Lat.] Co

vered with films or plates. The lamellated antennae of some insects are surprisingly beautiful, when viewed through a microscope. Derham. LAMELY. adv. [from lame.] 1. Like a cripple; without natural force or activity. Those muscles become callous, and, havin yielded to the extension, the patient makes shift to go upon it, though lamely. Wiseman's Surgery. 2. Imperfectly; without a full or complete exhibition of all the parts. Look not ev'ry lineament to see; Some will be cast in shades, and some will be So lamelodrawn, you scarcely know 'tis she. Dry. 3. Weakly; unsteadily ; poorly. LAMEN Ess. n.s.. [from lame.j 1. The state of a cripple; loss or inability of limbs.

Let blindness, lameness come; are legs and eyes Of equal value to so great a prize? Druden's Juv. meness kept me at home. Digby to Pope. 2. Imperfection; weakness. If the story move, or the actor help the tameness of it with his performance, either of these are sufficient to effect a present liking. Dryden's Spanish Fruar, To LAMENT. v. n. [lamentor, Lat tamenter, Fr.] To mourn; to wail; to grieve; to express sorrow. The night has been unruly where we lay; And chimueys were blown down: and, as they

say, Lamentings heard i'th'air,strange screams of death. Shakesp. Ye shall weep and lament, but the world shall rejoice. John. Jeremiah lamented for Josiah, and all the singing-men and women spake of Josiah in their lamentations. 2 Chron. Far less I now lament for one whole world Of wicked sons destroyed, than 1 rejoice For one man found so perfect and so just,

That God vouchsafes to raise another world
From him. Milton.
To LA'MENT. v. a. To bewail; to mourn;
to bemoan; to express sorrow for.
As you are weary of this weight,
Rest you, while 1 lament king Henry's corse. Shak.
The pair of sages praise;
One pity'd, one contemm'd the woful times,
One laugh'd at follies, one lamented crimes. Drud.
LAM E. N.T. n. s. [lamentum, Lat. from the
1. Sorrow audibly expressed; lamenta-
tion; grief uttered in complaints or
We, long ere our approaching, heard within
Noise, other than the sound of dance, or song'
Torment, and loud lament, and furious rage. Milt.
The loud laments arise .
Of one distress'd, and mastiffs mingled cries.
2. Expression of sorrow.
To add to your laments,
Where with you now hedew king Henry's hearse,
I must inform you of a dismal fight. Shakesp.
LA'MENTABLE. adj. [lamentabilis, Lat.
lamentable, Fr. from lament.]
1. To be lamented; causing sorrow.
The lamentable change is from the best;
The worst returns to laughter. . Shakesp.
2. Mournful; sorrowful; expressing sor-
A lamentable tune is the sweetest musick to a
woful mind. Sidney.
The victors to their vessels bear the prize,
And hear behind loud groans, and lamentable
cries. . Dryden.
3. Miserable, in a ludicrous or low sense;
pitiful; despicable.
This bishop, to make out the disparity between
the heathens and them, flies to this lamentable
refuge. Stilling fleet.
LA'MENTABLY. adv. [from lamentable.]
1. With expressions or tokens of sorrow ;
The matter in itself lamentable, lamentably ex-
pressed by the old prince, greatly moved the two
princes to compassion. Sidney.
2. So as to cause sorrow.
Our fortune on the sea is out of breath,
And sinks most lamentally. Shakesp. Ant. and Cleo.
3. Pitifully; despicably.
LAMENTA"tion. n.s. [lamentatio, Lat.]
Expression of sorrow ; audible grief.
Be’t lawful that l invocate thy ghost,
To hear the lamentations of poor Anne.
Shakesp. Richard III.
His sons buried him, and all Israel made great
lumentation for him. 1 Mac. ii. 10.
LAM ENTER. m. s. [from lament.] He
who mourns or laments.
Such a complaint, good company must pity,
whether they think the lamenter ill or not. Spect.
LA'MENTIN E. m.s. A fish called a sea-cow
or manatee, which is near twenty feet
long, the head resembling that of a cow,
and two short feet, with which it creeps
on the shallows and rocks to get food;
but has no sins: the flesh is commonly
eaten. Bailey.
LAMINA. n. s. [Lat.] Thin plate;
one coat laid over another.
LA'M INATED. adj. [from lamina.] Plated:
used of such bodies whose contexture
discovers such a disposition as that of

plates lying over one another.
From the apposition of different coloured gravel

arises, for the most part, the laminated appearance
of a stone, Sharp.

To LAMM. v. a. To beat soundly with a
cudgel. - Dict.
LAMMAs. n.s. [This word is said by
Bailey, I know not on what authority,
to be derived from a custom, by which
the tenants of the archbishop of York
were obliged at the time of mass, on the
first of August, to bring a lanb to the
altar. In Scotland they are said to wean
lambs on this day. It may else be cor-
rupted from lattermath.] The first of
In 1578 was that famous lammas day, which

buried the reputation of Don John of Austria. Bacon

LAMP. m. s. (lampe, Fr. lampas, Lat.] 1. A light made with oil and a wick. O thievish night, Why should'st thou, but for some felonious end, ln thy dark lanthorn thus close up the stars That nature hung in heaven, and fill'd their lamps With everlasting oil, to give due light To the misled and lonely traveller? Milton. In lamp furnaces I used spirit of wine instead of oil, and the same flame has melted foliated #. - - - - - - oyle. 2. Any kind of light, in poetical language, real or metaphorical. Thy gentle eyes send forth a quick'ning }. And feed the dying lamp of life within me. Rowe Cynthia, fair regent of the night, Q may thy silver lamp from heaven's high pow'r, Direct my footsteps in the midnight hour. Gay. LA'MPAss. n.s. [lampas, Fr.] A lump of flesh, about the bigness of a nut, in the roof of a horse's mouth, which rises above the teeth. Farrier's Dict. His horse possest with the glanders, troubled with the lampass, infected with the fashions.Shak LAMPBLAck... n.s. [lamp and black.] It is made by holding a torch under the bottom of a bason, and as it is furred striking it with a feather into some shell, and grinding it with gum water. Peacham on Drawing. LAMPING. adj. [A4urilâar.] Shining; sparkling. Not used. Happy lines, on which with starry light Those limping eyes will deign sometimes to look. - Sponser. LAMPO'ON. n.s. [Failey derives it from lampons a drunken song. It imports, let us drink, from the old French lamper, and was repeated at the end of each couplet at carousals. Trev.] A personal satire ; abuse; censure written not

to reform but to vex. They say my talent is satire ; if so, it is a fruitful age : they .. sown the dragon's teeth themselves. and it is but just they should reap each other in lampoons. Make satire a lampoon. Pope. To LAM Po'o N. v. a. [from the noun..] To abuse with personal satire. LAM Po'o N.E.R. m. s. [from lampoon.] A scribbler of personal satire. We are naturally displeased with an unknown critick, as the ladies are with a lampooner, because we are bitten in the dark. Dryden. The squibs are those who are called libellers, lampooners, and o Tatler. LA'MPREY. n.s. [lamprove, Fr. lampreye, Dut.] Many fish much like the eel frequent both the sea and fresh rivers; as the lamprel, *r; and lamperime. alton.

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LA'MP RON. n.s. A kind of sea fish. These rocks are frequented by lamproons, and greater fishes, that devour the bodies of the drowned. Broome on the Odyssey LANCE. n.s. [Iance, Fr lancea, Lat.) A long spear, which, in the heroick ages, seems to have been generally thrown from the hand, as by the Indians of this day. In latter times the combatants thrust them against each other on horseback. Spear; javelin. He carried his lances, which were strong, to give a lancely blow. Sidney. Plate sin with gold, And the strong lance of justice hurtless breaks; Arm it in rags, a pigmy's straw doth pierce it. Shakesp. They shall hold the bow and the lance. Jeremiah, l, 42. Hector beholds his jav'lin fall in vain, Nor other lance, nor other hope remain; He calls Deiphobus, demands a spear . ln vain, for no Deiphobus was there. To LANCE. v. a. [from the noun.]

1. To pierce; to cut. With his prepared sword he charges home M. unprovided body, lanc'd my arm. , Shakesp. n their cruel worship they lance themselves with knives. Glanville's Scepsis. Th’ infernal minister advanc'd, Seiz'd the due victim, and with fury lanc'd Her back, and piercing through her inmost heart, T}rew ol. . Druden. 2. To open chirurgically; to cut in order

to a cure.


We do lance Diseases in our bodies. Shakesp. Fell sorrow's tooth doth never rankle more Than when it bites, but lanceth not the sore.Shak. That differs as far from our usual severities as the lancings of a physician do from the wounds of an adversary. Decay of Piety. Lance the sore, And cut the head ; for till the core is found The secret vice is fed. Dryden. The shepherd stands, And when the lancing knife requires his hands, Vain help, with idle pray'rs from heav'n demands. yden. LA'NCELY. adj. [from lance.] Suitable to a lance. Not in use. He carried his lances, which were strong, to give a lancely blow. Sidney. LANCEPE's ADE. m. s. [lance spezzate, Fr.] The officer under the corporal; not now

in use among us. To th’ Indies of her arms he flies. Fraught both with east and western prize, Which, when he had in vain essay'd, Arm'd like a dapper lancepesade With Spanish pike, he broach'd a pore. Cleaveland. LANCET. m. s. [lancette, Fr.] A small pointed chirurgical instrument. I gave vent to it by an apertion with a lancet, and discharged white matter. Wiseman's Surgery. A vein, in an apparent blue runneth along the body, and if dexterously pricked with a lancet, emis teth a red drop. Brown's Vulg. Errours. Hippocrates saith, blood-letting should be done with broad lancets or swords, in order to make a large orifice: the manner of opening a vein then was by stabbing or pertusion, as in horses. Arboth. To LANCH. v. a. [lancer, Fr. This word is too often written launch : it is only a vocal corruption of lance.] To dart; to

cast as a lance; to throw ; to let fly.
See whose arm can lanch the surer bolt,
And who's the better Jove. Dryden and Lee's Oed.
Me, only me, the hand of fortune bore,
Unblest to tread that interdicted shore;
When Jove tremendous in the sable deeps,
Launch'd his red lightning at our scatter'd ships.

LANciNA'tion. n.s. (from lancino, Lat.] Tearing; laceration. To LA'NciNATE. v. a. [lancino, Lat.] To tear; to rend; to lacerate. LAND. n.s. [lano, Goth. Sax. and so all the Teutonick dialects.] 1. A country; a region; distinct from

other countries. The nations of Scythia, like a mountain flood, did overflow all Spain, and quite washed . whatsoever reliques there were left of the lan Spenser's State of Ireland. Thy ambition, Thou scarlet sin, robb'd this bewailing land Of noble Buckingham. Shakesp Hen. VIII. What had he done to make him fly the land 2 Shakesp. The chief men of the land had great authority; though the government was monarchical, it was not despotick. Broome's Notes on the Odyssey.

2. Earth; distinct from water.
By land they found that huge and mighty
country. Abbot.
Yet, if thou go'st by land, tho' grief possess
My soul ev'n then, my fears would be the less:
But, ah! be warn'd to shun the wat'ry way. Dru.
They turn their heads to sea, their sterns to land,
And greet with greedy joy th’Italian strand. Dry.

3. It is often used in composition, as op

posed to sea. The princes delighting their conceits with confirming their knowledge, seeing wherein the seadiscipline differed from the land-service, they had pleasing entertainment. Sidney. He to-night hath boarded a land carrack; If it prove lawful prize, he's made for ever. Shak. With eleven thousand land-soldiers, and twentysix ships of war, we within two months have won one town. Bacon. Necessity makes men ingenious and hardy; and if they have but land-room or sea-room, they find "Poo for their hunger. Hale's Origin of Man. writ not always in the proper terms of navigation, or land-service. Druden's AEmeid. The French are to pay the same duties at the dry ports through which they pass by land-carriage, as we pay upon importation or exportation by sea. Addison's Freeholder. The Phoenicians carried on a land-trade to Syria and Mesopotamia, and stopt not short, without pushing their trade to the Indies. Arbuth, on Coins. The species brought by land-carriage were much better than those which came to Egypt by sea. Arbuthnot.

4. Ground; surface of the place. Unusual. Beneath his steely casque he felt the blow, And roll'd with limbs relax'd, along the land. Pope. 5. An estate real and immoveable. To forfeit all your goods, lands, and tenements, Castles, and goods whatsoever, and to be Out of the king's protection. Shak. Henry VIII. He kept himself within the bounds of loyalty, and enjoy'd certain lands and towns in the borders

bred people.

of Polonia. Knolles. This man is freed of servile hands,

Of hope to rise, or fear to fall:
Lord of himself, though not of lands,

And having nothing, yet hath all. Wotton.

6. Nation; people; the inhabitants of the land.

These answers, in the silent night receiv'd, The king himself divulg'd, the land believ'd. Dry.

7. Urine. [plono, Sax.] As. Probably land-damn was a coarse expression in the cant strain, formerly in common usé, but since laid aside and forgotten, which meant the taking away a man's life. For land or lant is an old word for urine, and to stop the common passages and functions of nature is to kill. Hanmer. You are abused, and by some putter on, That will be damn'd for't; would I knew the vil

lain, I would land-damn him. Shakesp Wint. Tale.

To LAND. v. a. [from the noun.] To set

on shore. The legions, now in Gallia, sooner landed In Britain. Shakesp. Cymbeline. He who rules the raging wind, To thee, O sacred ship, be kind, Thy committed pledge restore, And land him safely on the shore. Drud. Horace. Another Typhis shall new seas explore, Another Argo land the chiefs upon th' Iberian shore. To LAN D. v. n. To come to shore. Let him land, And solemnly see him set on to London. Shakesp. Land ye not, none of you, and provide to be gone from this coast within sixteen days. Bacon's New Atlantis, I land, with luckless omeus: then adore Their gods. Dryden's AEneid. LANDED. adj. [from land.] Having a fortune, not in money, but in land; hav

ing a real estate. A landless knight makes thee a landed squire. Shakesp. Men, whose living lieth together in one shire. are commonly counted greater landed than those whose livings are dispersed. Bacon. Cromwell's officers, who were for levelling lands while they had none, when they grew landed fell to crying up magna charta. Temple. A house of commons must consist for the most part of landed men. Addison's Freeholder. LAND FALL. m. s. [land and fall.] A sudden translation of property in land by the death of a rich man. LAND Flood. m. s. [land and flood.]

Inundation. Apprehensions of the affections of Kent, and all other places, looked like a landstood, that might roll they knew not how far. Clarenaon. LAN D-Forces. n.s. [land and force.] Warlike powers not naval; soldiers that serve on land. We behold in France the greatest land-forces that have ever been known under any christian

prince. emple. LAND Hold E.R. m. s. [land and holder.]

One who holds lands. Money,as necessary to trade, may be considered as in his hands that pays the labourer and landholder; and if this man want money, the manufacture is not made, and so the trade is lost. Locke. LA'N Djo BBER. m. s. [land and job.] One who buys and sells lands for other men. If your master be a minister of state, let him be at home to none but land-jobbers, or inventors of i.ew funds. Swift. LAN do RAVE. m. s. [land and grave, a count, German.] A German title of

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of lands. l' th' midst, an altar, as the land-mark, stood, Rustick, of grassy sod. Milton. The land-marks by which places in the church had been known, were removed. Clarendon. Then land-marks limited to each his right; For all before was common as the light. Dryden. Though they are not self-evident principles, yet if they five been made out from them by a wary and unquestionable deduction, they may serve as land-marks, to shew what lies in the direct way of truth, or is quite besides it. - Locke. LANDscAFE. m. s. [landschape, Dut.]

1. A region; the popo of a country. ovely seem'd That landscape! and of pure, now purer air, Meets his approach. Milton. The sun scarce uprisen, Shot parallel to th' earth his dewy ray, Discovering in wide landscape all the east Of Paradise, and Eden's happy plains. Milton. Straight mine eye hath caught new pleasures, Whilst the landscape round it measures, Russet lawns and fallows grey, Where the nibbling flocks do stray. Milton. We are like men entertained with the view of a spacious landscape, where the eye passes over one pleasing prospect into another. Addison. 2. A picture, representing an extent of space, with the various objects in it. As good a poet as you are, you cannot make finer landscapes than those about the king's house. ddison. Oft in her glass the musing shepherd spies The wat'ry landscape of the pendant woods, And absent trees, that tremble in the floods. Pope. LAND-TAx. m. s. [land and taa..] Tax

laid upon land and houses. If nortgages were registered, land-tares might reach the lender to pay his proportion. Locke. LAND-wait ER. m. s. [land and waiter.] An officer of the customs who is to watch what goods are landed. Give a guinea to a knavish land-waiter, and he shall consive at the merchant for cheating the queen of an hundred. Swift's Eraminer. LANDwARD. adv. [from land.] Towards the land. They are invincible by reason of the overpouring tuountains that back the one, and slender fortification of the other to landward. Sandy's Journey. LAN E. n.s. [laen, Dut. lana, Sax.]

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1. Human speech. We may define language, if we consider it more materially, to be letters, forming and producing words and sentences; but if we consider it according to the design thereof, then language is apt signs for communication of thoughts. Holder. 2. The tongue of one nation as distinct

from others. O! good my lord, no latin; I am not such a tyrant since my coming, As not to know the language 1 have liv'd in.Shak. He not from Rome alone, but Greece, Like Jason, brought the golden fleece; To him that language, though to none Of th’ others, as his own was known. 3. Stile; manner of expression. Though his language should not be refin'd, It must not be obscure and impudent. Roscom. Others for language all their care express, And value books, as women men, for dress: Their praise is still—the stile is excellent; The sense, they humbly take upon content. Pope. LANGUAGEd. adj. [from the noun..] Hav

ing various languages. He wand'ring long a wider circle made, And many languag'd nations has survey'd. Pope. LANGUAGE-MASTER. m. s. [language and master.] One whose profession is

to teach languages. The third is a sort of langurge-master, who is to instruct them in the style proper for a minister. Spectator. LA'NGUET. n.s. [languette, Fr.] Any thing cut in the form of a tongue. LANGUID. adj. [languidus, Lat] 1. Faint; weak; feeble. Whatever renders the motion of the blood lanid, disposeth to an acid acrimony; what accef. the motion of the blood, disposeth to an alkaline acrimony. Arbuthnot. No space can be assigned so vast, but still a larger may be imagined; no motion so swift or languid, but a seate velocity or slowness may still be conceived. Bentley. 2. Dull; heartless. I'll hasten to my troops, And fire their languid souls with Cato's virtue. Addison.

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The menstruum work'd as languidly upon the

coral as it did before. Boyle. LANGUIDNEss. m. s. [from languid.] Weakness; feebleness; want of strength. To LANGUIs H. v.n.[languir, Fr. langueo, Lat.]

1. To grow feeble; to pine away; to lose


Let her languish A drop of blood a-day; and, being aged, 1)ie of this folly. Shakesp. Cunbeline. We and our fathers do languish of such diseases.

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2. To be no longer vigorous in motion;

not to be vivid in appearance. The troops with hate inspir’d, Their darts with clamour at a distance drive. And only keep the languish'd war alive. Dryden. 3. To sink or pine under sorrow, or any

slow passion. What man who knows What woman is, yea, what she cannot chuse But must be, jū. free hours languish out For assur’d bondage? Shakesp. Cymbeline. The land shall niourn, and every one that dwelleth therein languish. Hosea, iv. 3. * I have been talking with a suitor here, A man that languishes in your displeasure. Shakesp. Othello. I was about fifteen when I took the so to chuse for myself, and have ever since languished under the displeasure of an inexorable father. Addison's Spectator. Let Leonora consider, that, at the very time in which she languishes for the loss of her deceased lover, there are persons just perishing in a shipwreck. Addison's Spectator. 4. To look with softness or tenderness. What poems think you soft, and to be read, With languishing regards, and bending head. Dru. LANGUIs H. n.s.. [from the verb.] Soft

appearance. And the blue languish of soft Allia's eye. Pope. Then forth he walks, Beneath the trembling languish of her beam, With soften’d soul. Thomson's Spring. LANGUISHINGLY. ade. [from languishing. 1. Weakly; feebly; with feeble softness.

Leave such to tune their own dull rhimes, and

know What's roundly smooth, or languishingly slow. Pope. 2. Dully; tediously. Alas! my Dorus, thou seest how long and languishingly the weeks have past over since our last talking. Sidney. LANGUISHMENT. n.s. [languissamment, Fr. from languish.] 1. State of pining. By that count which lovers books invent, The sphere of Cupid forty years contains; Which I have wasted in . languishment, That seem'd the longer for my greater pains. Spe. 2. Softness of mien. Humility it expresses, by the stooping or bending of the head; languishment, when we hang it on one side. - Dryden. LANGUOR. m. s. [languor, Lat. langueur,

Fr.] 1. Faintness; wearisomeness. Well hoped I, and fair beginnings had, That he my captive languor should redeem. Spen. For these, these tribunes, in the dust I write My heart's deep languor, and my soul's sad tears. Shakesp. 2. Listlessness; inattention. Academical disputation gives vigour and briskness to the mind thus exercised, and relieves the languor of private study and meditation, Watts's Improvement of the Mind. 3. Softness; laxity. To isles of fragrance, lil -silver'd va . Diffusing languor in the panting gales. Lion ea 4. [In physick.] Languor and lassitude signifies a faintness, which may arise from want or decay of spirits, through indigestion, or too much exercise; or from an ad

19 not fat; not plump; slender. The commons hast thou rack'd ; the clergy s bags Are lank and lean with thy extortions. , Shakesp. Name not Winterface, whose skin's slack, nk, as an unthrift's purse. Donne We let down into a receiver a great bladder well tied at the neck, but very lank, as not containing above a pint of air, but capable of containing ten times as much. Boule. Moist eart, produces corn and grass, but both Too rank and too luxuriant in their growth, Let not my land so large a promise boast, Lest the link ears in length of stem he lost. Dryd. Now, now my bearded harvest gilds the plain, Thus dreams the wretch, and vainly thus dreams

ditional so of fluids, from a diminution of secretion by the common discharges. Quincu.

LANGUorous. adj. [languoreur, Fr.]
Tedious; melancholy. Not in use.
Dear lady, how shall I declare thy case,
Whom late I left in languorous constraint.Spenser.
To LAN IATE. v. a. [/anio, Lat.) To tear
in pieces; to rend; to lacerate.
LAN ifice n.s. [lanificium, Lat.] Wool-
len manufacture.
The moth breedeth upon cloth and other lani-
jices, especially if they be laid up dankish and
wet. Bacon.
LANIGERous. adj. [laniger, Lat.] Bear-
ing wool.
LANK. adj. [lancke, Dut.]
1. Loose; not filled up; not stiffened out;

on, Till his lank purse declares his money gone. D-yd. Meagre and lank with fasting grown, And nothing left but skin and bone; "; just keep life and soul together. Sirift. 2. illo, seems to use this word for faint ;

languid. He, piteous of her woes, rear'd her lank head, And gave her to his daughters to imbathe In hectar'd lavers strew'd with asphodil. Milton. LANKN Ess. n. s. [from lank.] Want of plumpness. LANNER. m. s. [lanier, Fr. lannarius, Lat.] A species of hawk. LANsquENET. n. s. [lance and knecht, Dut.] 1. A common foot soldier. 2. A game at cards. LANTERN. m. s. [lanterne, Fr. luterna, Lat. It is by mistake often written lanthorn.] A transparent case for a can

dle. God shall be my hope, My stay, my guide, my lanthorn to my feet.Shak Thou art our admiras; thou bearest the lanthorn in the poop, but 'tis in the nose of thee; thou art the knight of the burning lamp. Shak. Henry IV. A candle lasteth longer in a lanthorn than at large. Bacon. Amongst the excellent acts of that king, one hath the pre-eminence, the erection and institution of a society, which we call Solomon's house; the noblest foundation that ever was, and the lanthorn of this kingdom. Bacon's Atlantis. thievish might, Why should'st thou, but for some felonious end, In thy dark lanthorn thus close up the stars That nature hung in heav'n, and fill'd their lamps With everlasting oil? Milton. Vice is like a dark lanthorn, which turns its oright side only to him that bears it, but looks black and dismal in another's hand. Gov. of the To. Judge what a ridiculous thing it were, that the continued shadow of the earth should be broken by sudden miraculous eruptions of light, to prevent the art of the lantern-maker. More's Div. 'o. Our ideas succeed one another in our minds, not much unlike the images in the inside of a lanthorn, turned round by the heat of a candle, Locke.

2. A lighthouse; a light hung out to guide ships.

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LANU'Gi Nous. adj. [lanuginosus, Lat.]
Downy; covered with sott hair.
LA P. m. s. slappe, Sax. lappe, Germ.]
1. The loose part of a garment, which
may be doubled at pleasure.
If a joint of meat falls on the ground, take it up

gently, wipe it with the lap of your coat, and then put it into the dish. Swift's Direc. to a Footman. 2. The part of the clothes that is spread horizontally over the knees as one sits down, so as any thing may lie in it. It feeds each living plant with liquid sap, And fills with flow'rs fair flora's painted lap. Spen. Upon a day, as love lay sweetly slumb'ring All in his mother's lip, A gentle bee, with his loud trumpet murm'ring, About him flew by hap. Spenser. I'll make my haven in a lady's lap, And 'witch sweet ladies with my words and looks. Shakesp. She bids you All on the wonton rushes lay you down, And rest your gentle head upon her lap, And she will sing the song that pleaseth you. Shak. Our stirring Can from the lap of Egypt's widow pluck The ne'er-lust-wearied Antony. Shakesp. Heav'n's almighty sire Melts on the bosom of his love, and pours Himself into her lap in fruitful show’rs. Crashair. Men expect that religion should cost them no ains, and that happiness should drop into their |s. Tillotson. He struggles into breath, and cries for aid; Then, helpless, in his mother's lap is laid. He creeps, he walks, and issuing into man, Grudges their life from whence his own began: Retchless of laws, affects to rule alone, Anxious to reign, and restless on the throne. Dry.

To LAP. v. a. [from the noun.] 1. To wrap or twist round anything. He hath a long tail, which, as he descends from a tree; he laps found about the boughs, to keep himself from falling. Grew's Musæum. About the paper whose two halves were painted with red and blue, and which was stiff like thin pasteboard, I lapped several times a slender thread of very black silk. Newton.

2. To involve in anything.
As through the flow'ring forest rash she fled,
In her rude hairs sweet flowers themselves did lap,
And flourishing fresh leaves and blossoms did en-
wrap. Spenser.
The Thane of Cawder 'gan a dismal conflict,
Till that Bellona's bridegroom, lapt in proof,
Confronted him. Shakesp. Macbeth.
When we both lay in the field,
Frozen almost to death, how he did lap me,
Ev’n in his garments, and did give himself,
All thin and naked, to the numb cold might.Shak.
Ever against eating cares,
I+. me in soft Lydian airs. Milton.
indulgent fortime does her care employ,
And smiling, broods upon the naked boy;
Her garments spreads; and laps him in the folds,
And covers with her wings from nightly colds.
Here was the repository of all the wise conten-
tions for power between the nobles and commons,
lapt up safely in the bosom of a Nero and a Cali-
gula. Swift.
To LAP. v. n. To be spread or turned

over any thing. The upper wings are opacous; at their hinder

ends, where they lap over, transparent, like the

wing of a fly. Grew.

To LA P. r. n. [lappian, Sax. lappen, Dut.) To feed by quick reciprocations of the

tongue. The dogs by the river Nilus' side being thirsty. lap hastily as they run along the shore. Digby. They had soups served up in broad dishes, and so the fox fell to lapping himself, and trade his guest heartily welcome. L'Estrange. I he tongre serves not only for tastinc, but for mastication and deriutition, in man, by licking ; in the dog and cat kind by lupping. Raw on Creat. To LA P. r. a. 'i o lick up. For all the rest They'll take suggestion, as a cat laps milk. Shak. Upon a bull Two horrid lions rampt, and seiz d, and tugg’d off, Leilowing still, Both men and dogs came ; yet they tore the hide, and lapt their fill. Chapman's luau.

LAPDog. m. s. [lap and dog.] A little dog, fondled by ladies in the lap. One of them mate his court to the tap-dog, to info his interest with the ladv. Cottier. These, if the laws did that exchange afford, Would save their lap-dog sooner than their lord. Druden. Lap-dogs give themselves the rousing shake, And sleepless lovers just at twelye awake. Pope. LAP ful. n. s. [lap and full.] As much as can be contained in the lap. One found a wild vine, and gathered thereof wild gourds his losul, and shred them into the pot of pottage. 2 Kings. Will four per cent. increase the number of lei.ders? if it will not, then all the plenty of money these conjurers bestow upon us, is but like tie gold and silver which old women believe other conjurers bestow by whole lapfulls on poor credulous girls. ke. LA Picid E. m. s. [lapicida, Lat.] A stoneCutter. Dict. LA'pid ARY. m. s. [lapidaire, Fr.] One

who deals in stones or gems. As a cock was turning up a dunghill, he espied a diamond : Well, says he, this sparkling foolery now to a lapidary would have been the making of him; but, as to any use of iuine, a barley-corn had been worth forty on't. Estrange. Of all the many sorts of the gem kind reckoned up by the lapidaries, there are not above, three, or four that are original. Woodward's Nat. Hist. To LA'Pi DATE. v. a. (lapido, Lat..] To stone; to kill by stoning. Dict. LAPIDA"tion, n.s. [lapidatio, Lat. lupidation, Fr.] A stoning. LAPI'd Eous. adj. [lapideus, Lat J Stony; of the nature of stone. There might fall down into the lapideous matter, before it was concreted into a stone, some small toad, which might reinain there imprisoned, till the matter about it were condensed. Ray.

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1. Flow; fall; glide; smooth course. - Round I saw Hill, dale, and shady woods, and sunny plains, And liquid lapse of murm'ring streams. Milton. Notions of the mind are preserved in the memory, notwithstanding lapse of time. Hale. 2. Petty error; small mistake; slight offence; little fault. These are petty errors and minor lapses, not considerably injurious unto truth. Brown's Vulg. Er. The weakness of human understanding all will confess; yet the confidence of most practically disowns it; and it is easier to persuade them of it from other lapses than their own. Glanville. . This scripture may be usefully applied as a caution to guard against those lapses and failings, to which our infirinities daily expose us. Rogers. It hath been my constant business to examine whether I could find the smallest lapse in stile or propriety through my whole collection. that I might send it abroad as the most finished piece. Swist. 3. Translation of right from one to another.

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Those laws would be very unjust, that should chastize murder and petty larceny with the same punishment. Spectator.

LARCH. n.s. [larir, Lat.] A tree.

Some botanical criticks tell us, the poets have not rightly followed the traditions of antiquity, in metamorphosing the sisters of Phaeton into poplars, who ought to have been turned into lurch trees; for that it is this kind of tree which sheds a gum, and is commonly found on the banks of the Po. Addison on Italy.

LARD. n.s. [lardum, Lat. lard, Fr.]
1. The grease of swine.
So may thy pastures with their flow'ry feasts,
As suddenly as lard, fat thy lean beasts. Donne.
2. Bacon; the flesh of swine.
By this the boiling kettle had prepar’d,
And to the table sent the smoaking lard ;
On which with eager appetite they dine,
A sav'ry bit, that serv'd to relish wine
The sacrifice they sped;
Chopp'd off their ucrvous thighs, and uext pre-


T' involve the lean in cauls, and mend with lard. ryden.

To LARD. v. a. [lard, r, Fr. from the noun.] 1. To stuff with bacon. The larded thighs on loaded altars laid. Bryden.

No man lards salt pork with orange peel, Or garnishes his lamb with spitch-cockteel. King.

2. To fatten. Now Falstaff sweats to death,

And lards the lean earth as he walks along. Shak,

- Brave soldier, doth he lie Larding the plain. Shakesp. Henry W.

3. To mix with something else by way of improvement. An exact command, Larded with many several sorts of reasons. Shak. Let no alien interpose To lard with wit thy hungry Epsom prose. Dryden. He lards with flourishes his long harangue, 'Tis fine, say'st thou. Dryden. Swearing by heaven; the poets think this nothing, their plays are so much larded with it. Collier's View of the Stage.

LA'RDER. m. s. [lardier, old Fr. from lard.] The room where meat is kept or salted.

This similitude is not borrowed of the larden house, but out of the school house. Ascham. Flesh is ill kept in a room that is not cool ; whereas in a cool and wet larder it will keep lon

r. actor. So have I seen in larder dark, Of veal a lucid loin. Dorset.

Old age,

Morose, perverse in humour, diffident

The more he still abounds, the less content:

His larder and his kitchen too observes,

And now, lest he should want hereafter, starves.


LARDERER. m. s. [from larder.] One

who has the charge of the larder. LARDON. m. s. [Fr.] A bit of bacon. LARGE. adj. [large, Fr. largus, Lat.j 1. Big ; bulky.

Charles II. asked me, What could be the reason, that in mountainous countries the men were coulmonly larger,and yet the cattle of all sorts *: ? empte. Great Theron, large in limbs, of giant height Dryden. Warwick, Leicester, and Buckingham, bear a large boned sheep of the best shape and deepest staple. Mortimer.

2. Wide; extensive.

Their former large peopling was an effect of the countries impoverishing. Carew's Surrey. Let them dwell in the land, and trade therein; for it is large enough for them. . Gen. xxxiv. 21. There he conquered a thousand miles wide and large. Abbot's Descrip. of the World.

3. Liberal; abundant; plentiful. Thou shalt drink of thy sister's cup deep and large. Ezekiel. Vernal suns and showers Diffuse their warmest, largest insluence. Thomson.

4. Copious; diffusive. Skippon gave a large testimony under his hand, that they had carried themselves with great civility. Clarention. I might be very large upon the importance and advantages of education, and say a great many things which have been said before. Felt.on the Clas.

5. At large. Without restraint; without

confinement. If you divide a cane into two, and one speak at the one end, and you lay your ear at the other, it will carry the voice farther than in the air at large. Bacon. Thus incorporeal spirits to smallest forms Reduc’d their shapes immense; and were at large, Though without number still, Milto;i. The children are bred up in their father's way; or so plentifully provided for, that they are left at large. Spratt. Your zeal becomes importunate; I've hitherto permitted it to rave And talk at large; but learn to o Lest it should take more freedom th

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