Discover more at large what cause that was, For I am ignorant, and cannot guess. , Shakesp. It does not belong to this place to have that point debated at large, Watts. LARGELY. adv. [from large.] 1. Widely; extensively. 2. Copiously; diffusely; amply. Where the author treats more largely, it will explain the shorter hints and brief intimations. Wattson the Mind. 8. Liberally; bounteously. How he lives and eats: How largely gives; how splendidly he treats. Dry. Those, who in warmer climes complain From Phoebus' rays they suffer pain, Must own, that pain is largely paid By gen'rous wines beneath the shade. 4. Abundantly; without sparing. They their fill of love, and love's disport, Took largely; of their mutual guilt the seal. Milt.

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London excels any other city in the whole world, either in largeness, or number of inhabitant s. Spratt. Nor must Bumastus his old honours lose, In length and largeness like the dugs of cows. Dry. 2. Greatness; comprehension. There will be occasion for largeness of mind and agreeableness of temper. Collier of Friendship. 3. Extension; amplitude. They which would file away most from the largeness of that offer, do in most sparing terms acknowledge little less. Hooker. The ample proposition that hope makes, In all designs begun on earth below, Falls in the promis'd largeness. Shakesp. Knowing' best the largeness of my own heart toward my people's good and just contentment. King Charles. Shall grief contract the largeness of that heart, In which nor fear nor anger has a part 2 Waller. Man as far transcends the beasts in largeness of desire, as dignity of nature and employment. Glanville's Apology. If the largencss of a man's heart carry him beyond prudence, we may reckon it, illustrious weakness. Estrange.

4. Wideness. Supposing that the multitude and largeness of rivers ought to continue as great as now ; we can easily prove, that the extent of the ocean could be no less. Bentley.

LA'Ro Ess. n. s. [largesse, Fr.] A pre-
sent; a gift; a bounty.
Our coffers with too great a court,
And liberal largess, are grown somewhat light.
He assigned two thousand ducats, for a bounty
to me and my fellows: for they give great larges-
ses where they come. Bacon's New Atlantis.
A pardon to the captain, and a largess
Among the soldiers had appeas'd their fury. Den.
The paltry largess too severely watch'd,
That no intruding guests usurp a share. Dr.
Irus's condition will not admit of largesses.



Addison. LARGI'tion. m. s. [largitio, Lat.] The act of giving. Dict.

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LA'Rv ATED. adj. [larvatus, Lat.] Masked. Dict. LA'RUM. m. s. [from alarum or alarm.] 1. Alarm ; noise noting danger. His larum bell might loud and wide be heard, When cause requir’d, but never out of time. Spens. The peaking cornute, her husband, dwelling in a continual larum of jealousy, comes to me in the instant of our encounter. Shakesp. How far off lie these armies 2 —Within a mile and half. —Then shall we hear their larum, and they ours. Shakesp. She is become formidable to all her neighbours, as she puts every one to stand upon his guard, and have a continual larum bell in his ears. Howel.

2. An instrument that makes a noise at

a certain hour. Of this nature was that larum, which, though it were but three inches big, yet would both wake a man, and of itself light a candle for him at any set hour. Wilkins. I see men as lusty and strong that eat but two meals a day, as ... that have set their stomachs, like larums, to call on them for four or five. Locke. The young AEneas, all at once let down, Stunn'd with his giddy larum half the town. Dunciad.

LARY'NGotoMY. n.s. [x4evy; and riuna ; laryngotomie, Fr.] An operation where the fore-part of the larynx is divided to assist respiration, during large tumours upon the upper parts; as in a quinsy. tncy.

LARYNx. n.s. (A&pwy?..] The upper part of the trachea, which lies below the root of the tongue, before the pharynx.

Quincy. There are thirteen muscles for the motion of the five cartilages of the larynr. Derham.

LA Sci'vi ENT. adj. [lasciviens, Lat.] Frolicksome ; wantoning. LASCI'vious. adj. [lascicus, Lat.] 1. Lewd ; lustful. In what habit will you go along? -Not like a woman; for I would prevent The loose encounters of lascivious men. He on Eve Began to cast lascivious eyes; she him As wantonly repaid ; in lust they burn. Milton. Notwithstanding all their talk of reason and philosophy, and those unanswerable difficulties which, over their cups, they pretend to have against christianity; persuade but the covetous man not to deify his money, the lascicious man to throw off his lewd amours, and all their giant-like objections against christianity shall presently vanish. $o.

2. Wanton; soft; luxurious. Giod war hath smooth'd his wrinkl’d rout; And now, instead of mounting barbed steeds To fright the souls of fearful adversaries, He capers nimbly in a lady's chamber, To the lascicious pleasing of a lute.



LAscI'vious N Ess. n.s.. [from lascivious.]
Wantonness; looseness.
The reason pretended by Augustus was the las-
civiousness of his Elegies, and his Art of Love.
Dryden's Preface to Ovid.
LAscI'viously. adv. [from lascivious.]
Lewdly; wantonly; loosely.

LASH. n.s. [The most probable etymology of this word seems to be that of Skinner, from schlagen, Dut, to strike;

LARKSPUR. n.s. [delphinium.] A plant. whence slash and lash.]

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4. A stroke of satire; a sarcasm. The moral is a lash at the vanity of arrogating that to ourselves which succeeds well. L'Estrange. To LASH. v. a. [from the noun.] 1. To strike with any thing pliant; to scourge. Let's whip, these stragglers o'er the seas again, Lash hence these over-weening rags of France. Shakesp; He charg'd the flames, and those that disobey'd He lash'd to duty with his sword of light. Dryden. And limping death, lash'd on by fate, Comes up to shorten half our date. Dryden. Stern as tutors, and as uncles hard, We lash the pupil, and defraud the ward. Dryden. Leaning on his lance, he mounts his car, His fiery coursers lashing through the air. Garth. 2. To move with a sudden spring or jerk. The club hung round his ears, and batter'd

brows; He falls; and lashing up his heels, his ride, throws. Dryden. 3. To beat; to strike with a sharp sound. The winds grow high, Impending tempests tio. the sky; The lightning flies, the thunder roars, And big waves lash the frighted shores. 4. To scourge with satire. Could pension'd Boileau lash in honest strain, Flatt’rers and bigots ev’n in Louis' reign. Pope.

5. To tie any thing down to the side or mast of a ship: properly to lace.

To LASH. v. n. To ply the whip. They lash aloud, each other they provoke, Ayd lend their little souls at ev'ry stroke. Dryden. Gentle or sharp, according to their choice, To laugh at follies, or to lash at vice. Dryden. Let men out of their way lash on ever so fast, they are not at all the nearer their journey's end. - South. Wheels clash with wheels, and bar the narrow street; The lashing whip resounds. Gay's Trivua. LA's HER... n.s.. [from lash.] One that whips or lashes. LASS. m. s. [from lad is formed laddess, by contraction lass. Hickes.] A girl; a maid; a young woman: used now

only of mean girls. Now was the time for vigorous lads to show What love or honour could invite them to; A goodly theatre, where rocks are round With reverend age, and lovely lasses crown'd. Waller. A girl was worth forty of our widows; and an honest, downright, plain dealing lass it was. L'Estrange. They sometimes an hasty kiss Steal from unwary lasses; they with scorn And neck reclin'd, resent. Philips. LA'ss ITUDE. m. s. [lassitudo, Lat. lassitude, Fr.] 1. Weariness; fatigue; the pain arising from hard labour.

Prior. Lassitude is remedied by bathing, or anointin with oil and warm water; for all lassitude is a kin of contusion and compression of the parts; and bathing and anointing give a e axation or emollition. Bacon's Not. Hist. Assiduity in cogitation is nore than our embodied souls can bear without lassituae or distempel. Glanville's Scepsis. She lives and breeds in air; the largeness and lightness of her wings and tail sustain her without lassitude. More's Antidote against Atheism. Do not over-fatigue the spirits, #. the mind be seized with a lassitude, and thereby be tempted to nauseate, and grow tired. Watts. From mouth and nose the briny torrent ran, And lost in lassitude lay all the man. Pope's Ody. 2. [In physick.] Lassitude generally expresses that weariness which proceeds from a distempered state, and not from exercise, which wants no remedy but rest: it proceeds from an increase of bulk, from a dimimution of proper evacuation, or from too great a consumption of the fluid necessary to maintain the spring of the solids, as in fevers; or from a vitiated secretion of that juice, whereby the fibres are not supplied. Quincy. LA'ss LoRN. m. s. [lass and lorn.] Forsaken by his mistress. Not used. Brown groves, Whose shadow the dismissed batchelor loves, Being lasslorn. Shak. Tempest.

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I can remember yet that I Something did say, and something did bestow. Donne. 2. In conclusion. Pleas'd with his idol, he commends, admires, Adores; and last, the thing ador'd desires. Dryd. To LAST. v. n. [laezran, Sax.] To endure; to continue; to persevere. All more lasting than beautiful. Sidney. I thought it agreeable to my affection to your race, to prefix your name before the essays: for e Latin volume of them, being in the universal language, may last as long as books last. - Bacon. With several degrees of lasting ideas are inprinted on the memory. Locke. These are standing marks of facts delivered b those who were eye.witnesses to them, and whic were contrived with great wisdom to last till time should be no more. Addison. LAst. n. s. [laert, Sax.] 1. The mould on which shoes are formed. The cobler is not to go beyond his last. L’Estr. A cobler produced several new grins, having been used to cut faces over his last. Addison's Spec, Should the big last extend the shoe too wide,

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2. [Last, Germ.] A certain weight or measure.

LA'stERY. m. s. A red colour. The bashful blood her snowy cheeks did spread, That her became as polish'd ivory; Which cunning craftsman's hand hath overlaid, With fair vermilion, or pure lastery. Spenser. LA'stAGE. n.s. [lestage, Fr. lastagie, Dut. placre, Sax. a load.] 1. Custom paid for freightage. 2. The ballast of a ship. LA'stiNg. participial adj. [from last.] 1. Continuing ; durable. Every violence offered weakens and impairs, and reiders the body less durable and lasting. Ray. 2. Of long continuance; perpetual. White parents may have black children, as negroes sometimes have lasting white ones. Boyle on C. The grateful work is done, The seeds of discord so w”d, the war begun : Frauds, fears, and fury, have possess'd the state, And fix'd the causes of a lasting hate. Dryden. A sinew cracked seldom recovers its former strength, and the memory of it leaves a lasting caution in the man, not to put the part quickly again to any robust employment. .. Locke LA'stiNGLY. adv. from lasting.] Perpetually; durably. LA's TING NEss. n.s.. [from lasting.] Durableness; continuance. All more lasting than beautiful, but that the consideration of the exceeding lastingness made the eye believe it was exceeding beautiful. Sidney; Consider the lastingness of the motions excited in the bottom of the eye by light. Newton's Opticks. LA'stLY. adv. [from last.] 1. In the last place. I will justify the quarrel; secondly, balance the forces; and, lastly, propound variety of designs for choice, but not advise the choice. Bacon. 2. In the conclusion; at last; finally. LATCH. n.s. [letse, Dut. laccio, Ital.] A catch of a door moved by a string, or a

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per time is past.
O boy! thy father gave thee life too soon,
And hath bereft thee of thy life too late. Shakesp
A second Silvius after these appears,
Silvius AEneas, for thy name he bears :
For arms and justice equall renown'd,
Who late restūr'd in Alba shall be crown'd. Dryd.
He laughs at all the giddy turns of state,
When mortals search too soon, and fear too late.
The later it is before any one comes to have
these ideas, the later also will it be before he comes
to those maxims. icke.
I might have spar'd his life,
But now it is too late. Philips's Distrest Mother.

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The goddess with indulgent cares, And social joys, the late transform'd repairs. Pope. From freshpastures, and the dewy field, The lowing herds return, and round them throng With leaps and bounds the late imprison'd yong. ope.

4. Far in the day or night.
Was it so late, friend, ere you went to bed.
That you do lie so late?
—Sir, we were carousing till the second cock:


Late the nocturnal sacrifice begun, Nor ended till the next returning sun. Dryden. 5. Of late; lately; in times past; near the present. Late in this phrase seems to

be an adjective. Who but felt of late? Miltown.

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concealed ; secret. If we look into its retired movements, and more secret latent springs, we may there trace out a steady hand producing good out of evil. Woodward. Who drinks, alas ! but to forget; nor sees That melancholy sloth, severe disease, Memory confus'd, and interrupted thought, 1)eath’s harbingers, lie latent in the draught. Prior. What were Wood's visible costs l know not, and what were his latent is variously conjectured.

Swift. LATERAL. adj. [lateral, Fr. lateralis, Lat] 1. Growing out on the side; belonging to the side. Why may they not spread their lateral branches till their distance from the centre of gravity depress them : ay. The smallest vessels, which carry the blood by lateral branches, separate the next thinner fluid or serum, the diameters of which lateral branches are less than the diameters of the blood-vessels. - Arbuthnot on Aliments. 2 Placed, or acting on the side. Forth rush the Levant, and the ponent winds Furus and Zephyr, with their lateral noise, Sirocco and Libecchio. Milton. LATERA lit Y. n.s.. [from lateral.] The quality of having distinct sides. We may reasonably conclude a right and left laterality in the ark, or naval edifice of Noah. Brown. LATER ALLY. adv. [from lateral.] By the side; sidewise. The days are set laterally against the columns of the golden number. Holder on Time LA'tEwARD. adv. [late and peano, Sax.] Somewhat late. LATH. m. s. [lacca, Sax. late, latte, Fr.] A small long piece of wood used to support the tiles of houses. With dagger of lath. Shakesp. Penny-royal and orpin they use in the country to trim their houses; binding it with a la:h or stick, and setting it against a wall. Bacon's Nat. Hist. Laths are made of heart of oak, for outside work, as tiling and |...}} ; and of fin for inside plai-tering, and pantile lathing. Moron. The god who frights away, With his lath sword, the thieves and birds of prey. --- Dryden. To LATH. v.a. [latter, Fr. from the noun.] To fit up with laths. A small kiln consists of an oaken frame, lathed on every side. Mortimer's Husbandry. The plasterer's work is commonly done by the yard square for lathing. Mortimer's Husbandry.

LATH. m. s. [lao, Sax. It is explained by Du Cange, I suppose from Spelman, Portio comitatus major tres wel plures hundredas continens ; this is apparently contrary to Spenser, in the following example..] A part of a county.

If all that tything failed, then all that lath was charged for .. tything; and if the lath failed, then all that hundred was demanded for them ; and if the hundred, then the shire, who would not rest till they had found that undutiful fellow, which was not amesnable to o: Ireland. The fee-farms reserved upon charters granted to cities and towns corporate, and the blanch rents and lath silver answered by the sheriffs. Paçon. LATH E. m. s. The tool of a turner by which he turns about his matter so as to shape it by the chisel. Those black circular lines we see on turned vessels of wood, are the effects of ignition, caused by the pressure of an edged stick upon the vessel turned nimbly in the lathe; Rau.

To LATHER. v. n. [leonan, Sax.] To form a foam. Chuse water pure, Such as will lather cold with soap. Baynard. To LATHER. v. a. To cover with foam of water and soap. LA'the R. m. s. [from the verb.] . A foam or froth made commonly by beating soap with water. LATIN. adj. [Latinus.) Written or spoken in the language of the old Romalls. Augustus himself could not make a new Latin word. Locke. LA'ti N. m. s. An exercise practised by school-boys, who turn English into Latin. In learning farther his syntaxis, he shall not use

the common order in schools for making of Latins. Ascham. LA't IN is M. m. s. [latinisme, Fr. latinismus, low Lat.] A Latin idiom; a mode of speech peculiar to the Latin. Milton has made use of frequent transpositions, Latinisms, antiquated words and phrases, that he might the better deviate from vulgar and ordinary expressions. Addison. LA"ri Nist. n. s. [from Latin.] One skilled in Latin. Oldham was considered as a good Latinist. Oldham's Life. LATI'Nity. n.s. [latinité, Fr. latinitas, Lat.] Purity of Latin stile; the Latin tongue. If Shakespeare was able to read Plautus with ease, nothing in Latinity could be hard to him. Dennis. To LATIN1ze. v. a. [latiniser, Fr. from Latin.] To use words or phrases borrowed from the Latin. 1 am liable to be charged that 1 latinize too much. Dryden. He uses coarse and vulgar words, or terms and hrases that are latinized, scholastick, and hard to je understood. Watts, LA'tish. adj. [from late.] Somewhat late. LATI Ro'st Rous. adj. [latus and rostrum,

Lat.] Broad-beaked. In quadrupeds, in regard of the figure of their heads, the eyes are placed at some distance; in latirostrous and flat-billed birds, they are more laterally seated. Brown. LA"tit ANCY. m. s. [from latitans, Lat.] Delitescence; the state of lying hid. In vipers, she has abridged their malignity by their secession or latitancy, Brown's Vulg. Er.

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Force the small latitant bubbles of air to disclose themselves and break. it must be some other substance latitant in the fluid matter, and really distinguishable from it. - More. LA titA'tion. n. s. [from latito, Lat.] The state of lying concealed. LA'titude. n.s. [latitude, Fr. latitudo, Lat.] 1. Breadth; width; in bodies of unequal dimensions the shorter axis; in equal

bodies the line drawn from right to left. Whether the exact quadrat, or the long square, be the better, I find not well determined; though 1 must prefer the latter, provided the length do

not exceed the latitude above one third part. Wotton.

2. Room; space; extent.

There is a difference of degrees in men's understandings, to so great a latitude, that one may affirm, that there is a greater difference between some men and others, than between some men and beasts. Locke. 3. The extent of the earth or heavens, reckoned from the equator to either pole;

opposed to longitude. We found ourselves in the latitude of thirtv degrees two minutes south. onth.

4. A particular degree, reckoned from the

equator. Another effect the Alps have on Geneva is, that the sun here rises later and sets sooner than it does to other places of the same latitude. Addison. 5. Unrestrained acceptation; licentious

or lax interpretation. In such latitudes of sense, many that love me and the church well, may have taken the covenant. King Charles. Then, in comes the benign latitude of the doctrine of good-will, and cuts asunder all those hard pinching cords. - South. 6. Freedom from settled rules; laxity. In human actions there are no degrees, and precise natural limits described, but a latitude is indulged. Taulor. I took this kind of verse, which allows more latitude than anv other. Dryden. 7. Extent; diffusion. Albertus, bishop of Ratisbon, for his great learning, and latitude of knowledge, sirnamed Magnus; besides divinity, hath written many tracts in philosophy. Brown. Mathematicks, in its latitude, is usually divided into pure and mixed. Wilkins. I pretend not to treat of them in their full latitude"; it suffices to shew how the mind receives them from sensation and reflection. Locke. LATITU di NAR1AN. adj. [latitudinaire, Fr. latitudinarius, low Lat.] Not restrained; not confined; thinking or act

ing at large. Latitudinarian love will be expensive, and there

fore I would be informed what is to be gotten by

it. Collier on Kindness.

LATIt UDINA'RIAN. n.s. One who departs from orthodoxy. LATRANt. adj. [latrans, Lat.] Barking.

Thy care be first the various gifts to trace, The minds and genius of the latrant race. Tickell.

LATRIA. [xarpitz; latrie, Fr.] The highest kind of worship; distinguished by the papists from dulia, or inferior worship. The practice of the catholick church makes genuflections, prostrations, supplications, and other acts of latria to the cross. Stilling fleet.

LATTEN. m. s. [leton, Fr. latoen, D. t. lattwm, Welsh.] Brass; a mixture of

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copper and calaminaris stone. To make lamp-black, take a torch or link, and old it under the bottom of a latten bason, and, as

it groweth black within, strike it with a feather into some shell. Peacham.

LATTER. adj. [This is the comparative of late, though universally written with tt, contrary to analogy, and to our own practise in the superlative latest. When the thing of which the comparison is made is mentioned, we use later; as, this fruit is later than the rest ; but latter when no comparison is expressed, but the reference is merely to time; as, those are latter fruits. Wolet usus Quem penes arbitrium est, & vis, & norma loquendi..] 1. Happening after something else. 2. Modern; lately done or past. Hath not navigation discovered, in these latter ages, whole nations at the bay of Soldania?Locke. 3. Mentioned last of two.

The difference between reason and revelation, and in what sense the latter is superior. Watts.

LATTERLY. adv. [from latter.] Of late; in the last part of life: a low word lately hatched. Latterly Milton was short and thick. Richards. LA TTICE. m. s. [lattis, Fr. by Junius written lettice, and derived from lett lenn a hindring iron, or iron stop ; by Skinner imagined to be derived from latte, Dut. a lath, or to be corrupted from nettice or net-work: I have some. times derived it from let and eye; leteyes, that which lets the eye. It may be deduced from laterculus.] A reticulated window; a window made with sticks or irons crossing each other at small distances. My good window of lattice, fare thee well; thy casement I need not open, I look through thee. Shakesp. The mother of Sisera looked out at a window, and cried through the lattess. Judges, v. 28. Up into the watch-tower get, And see all things despoil'd of fallacies: Thou shalt not peep through lattices of eyes, Nor hear through labyrinths of ears, nor learn By circuit or collections to discern. Donne. The trembli g leaves through which he play'd, Pappling the walk with light and shade, Like lattice windows, give the spy Roon, but to peep with half an eye. Cleaveland. To LATT ICE. r. a. [from the noun..] To decussate, or cross; to mark with cross parts like a lattice.

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We have certain hymns and services, which we say daily of laud and thanks to God for his marvellous works. con. In the book of Psalms, the lauds make up a very great part of it. Government of the Tongue. To LAUD. v. a. [laudo, Lat.] To praise; to celebrate. O thou, almighty and eternal Creator, having considered the heavens the work of thy fingers, the moon and the stars which thou hast ordained, with all the company of heaven, we laud and magnify thy glorious name. Bentley. LAUDABLE. adj. [/audabilis, Lat.] 1. Praise-worthy; commendable. I'm in this earthly world, where to do harm ls often laudable; but to do good, sometime Accounted dang'rous folly. Shakesp. Macbeth. Affectation endeavours to correct natural defects, and has always the laudable aim of pleasing, though it always misses it. Locke. 2. Healthy; salubrious. Good blood, and a due projectile motion or circulation, are necessary to convert the aliment into laudable animal juices. Arbuthnot. LAUDABLEN Ess. n.s.. [from laudable.] Praise-worthiness. LA'UDABLY. adv. [from laudable.] In a manner deserving praise. Obsolete words may be laudably revived, when either they are sounding or significant. Dryden. LA'UDANUM. n.s. [A cant word, from laudo, Lat.] A soporifick tincture. To LAv E. v. a. [lavo, Lat )

1. To wash ; to bathe.
Unsafe, that we must lave our honours
In these so flatt'ring streams. Sha
But as 1 rose out of the laving stream,
Heav'n open'd her eternal doors, from whence
The spirit descended on me like a dove. Milton,
With roomy decks, her guns of mighty strength,
Whose so mouths each mounting billow
Deep in her draught, and warlike in her length,
She seems a sea-wasp flying on the waves Dryd.
2. [Lever, Fr.] To throw up; to lade;
to draw out.
Though hills were set on hills,
And seas met seas to guard thee, I would through:
I'd plough up rocks, steep as the AP's in dust,
And lare the Tyrrhene waters into clouds,
But I would reach thy head. Ben Jonson.
Some stow their oars, or stop the leaky sides,
Another bolder yet the yard bestrides,
And folds the sails; a fourth with labour laves
Th' intruding seas, and waves ejects on waves.

To LAve. v. n. To wash himself; to

bathe. In her chaste current oft the goddess laves, And with celestial tears augments the waves. Pope. To LA v E. E.R. v. n. To change the direc

tion often in a course.
How easy 'tis when destiny proves kind,
With full-spread sails to run before the wind :
But those that 'gainst stiff gales laveering go,
Must be at once resolv’d, and skilful too. Dryden.

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plant. It is one of the verticillate plants, whose flower consists of one leaf, divided into two lips; the upper lip, standing upright, is roundish, and, for the most part, bifid; but the under lip is cut into three segments, which are almost equal ; these flowers are disposed in whorles, and afc collected into a slender spike upon the top of the stalks. Miller. The whole lavender plant has a highly aromatick smell and taste, and is famous as a cephalick, nervous, and uterine medicine. Hill. And then again he turneth to his play, To spoil the pleasures of that paradise ; The wholesome sage, and lavender still grey, Rank smelling rue, and cummin good for eyes. Spenser.

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riment excites. You saw my master wink and laugh upon you.

Shakesp. There's one did laughin's sleep, and one cried, Murther | They wak'd each other. Shakesp. At this fusty stuff The large Achilles, on his prest bed lolling, From his deep chest laughs out a loud applause. Shakes”. Laughing causeth a continued expulsion of the breath with the loud noise, which maketh the interjection of laughing, shaking of the breast and sides, running of the eyes with water, if it be vioent. Bacon's Natural Histon v. 2. [In poetry.] To appear gay, favourable, pleasant, or fertile. Entreat her not the worse, in that I pray You use her well; the world may laugh gain. And I may live to do you kindness, i You do it her. Shakesp. Henry VI. Then laughs the childish year with flowrets

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to ridicule. Presently prepare thy grave, Lie where the light foam of the sea may beat Thy grave-stone daily: make thine epitaph, That death in thee at others lives may laugh. Shak, 'Twere better for you, if 'twere irot known in council; you'll be laughed at. Shakesp The dissolute and alandoned, before they are aware of it, are betrayed to laugh at themselves, and upon reflection find, that they are merov at their own expence. Addison. No wit to flatter left of all his store; No fool to laugh at, which he valued more. Pope. r rov To LAUGH. v. a. To deride; to scorn. Be bloody, bold, and resolute; laugh to scorn The pow'r of man. Shakesp. Macbeth. A wicked soul shall make him to be laug ord to scorn of his enemies. Fccles, vi. 4. LAUGH. n.s. [from the verb.] The convulsion caused by merriment; an inarticulate expression of sudden mer

rum.cnt. Me gentle Delia beckons from the plain, Then hid in shades, eludes her eager swaii. ; But feigns a laugh, to see me search around, And by that laugh the willing fair is found. Pope. LAUGHABLE. adj. [from laugh..] Such as may properly excite laughter. Nature hath fram'd strange fellows in her time : Some that will evermore peep through their eye, And laugh like parrots at a bagpiper ; And others of such vinegar aspect, That they'll not show their teeth in way of smile, Though Nestor swear the jest be laughable. Shak. Casaubon confesses Persius was not good at turning things into a pleasant ridicule; or, in other words, that he was not a laughable writer. Dryden.

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fond of merriment. I am a common laugher. Shakesp. Some sober men cannot be of the general opinion, but the laughers are much the majority.

Pope, E 25

LA'UGHINGLY. adv. [from laughing.] In a merry way; merrily. LAUGHINGstock. m. s. slaugh and stock.] A butt; an object of ridicule. The forlorn maiden, whom your eyes have seen The laughing-stock of fortune's mockerie. Spenser. Pray you, let us not be laughing-stocks to other men's humours. Shakesp. Supine credulous frailty exposes a man to be 9th a prey and laughing-stock at once. L’Estrange. LAUGHTER. n.s.. [from laugh..] Convulsive merriment; an inarticulate ex

pression of sudden merriment. To be worst, The lowest, most dejected thing of fortune, Stands still in esperance; lives inot in fear. The lamentable change is from the best, The worst returns to io. Shakesp. The act of laughter, which is a sweet contraction of the muscles of the face, and a pleasant agitation of the vocal organs, is not merely voluntary, or totally within the jurisdiction of ourselves. Brown. We find not that the laughter-loving dame Mourn'd for Anchises. |Waller. Pain or pleasure, grief or laughter. Prior. LAVISH. adj. [Of this word I have been able to find no satisfactory etymology. It may be plausibly derived from to lave, to throw out ; as profund, re opes, is to be lavish.]

1. Prodigal; wasteful; indiscreetly liberal.
His jolly brother, opposite in sense,
Laughs at his thrift ; and lavish of expence,
Quails, crams, and guttles, in his own defence.
The dane has been too lavish of her feast,
And fed him till he loaths. Rowe's Jane Shore.
2. Scattered in waste; profuse: as, the
cost was lavish.
3. Wild; unrestrained.
Bellona's bridegroom, lapt in proof,
r Confronted him, curbing his lavish spirit. Shakesp.
To LAV Ish. v. a. [from the adjective]
To scatter with profusion; to waste;
to squander.
Should we thus lead them to a field of slaughter,
Might to the impartial world with reason say,
We lavish'd at our deaths the blood of thousands?
r Addison.
LAvish ER. m. s. [from lavish.] A pro-
- digal; a profuse man.
LA'vish LY. adv. [from lavish.] Pro-
fusely ; prodigally.
My father's purposes have been mistook ;
And some about him have too lavishly
Wrested his meaning and authority. Shakesp.
Then laughs the childish year with flowrets
And lavishly perfumes the fields around. Dryden.
- Praise to a wit is like rain to a tender flower;
if it be moderately bestowed, it cheers and revives;
but if too lavishly, overcharges and depresses him.

ope. LA'vish MENT. l. n. s. [from lavish.] ProLA'vis HN Ess. digality; profusion. First got with guile, and then preserv'd with dread, And after spent with pride and lavishness. Fairy Q.

To LAUNCH. v. n. [It is derived by Skinner from lance, because a ship is pushed into water with great force.

1. To force a vessel into the sea.
Launch out into the deep, and let down your
nets for a draught Luke, v. 4.
So short a stay prevails;
He soon equips the ship, supplies the sails,
And gives the word to launch. Dryden.
For general history, Raleigh and Howel are to
be had. He who would launch further into the
ocean, may consult Whear. Locke

2. Torove at large; to expatiate; to make
From hence that gen'ral care and study springs,
That launching o of the mind Dav.
Whosoever pursues his own thoughts, will find
them launch out beyond the extent of body into
the infinity of space. Locke.
Spenser has not contented himself with sub-
missive imitation: he launches out into very flow-
ery paths, which still conduct him into one great
road. rior.
He had not acted in the character of a suppli-
ant, if he had launched out into a long oration.
1 have launched out of my subject on this article.
To LAUNCH. v. a.
1. To push to sea.
All art is used to sink episcopacy, and launch
presbytery in England. King Charles.
With stays and cordage last he rigg'd the ship,
And roll'd on leavers, launch'd her in the o
- ope.
2. To dart from the hand. This perhaps,
for distinction sake, might better be

written lanch or lance.
The King of Heav'n, obscure on high,
Bar'd his red arm, and launching from the sky
His writhen bolt, not sinking empty smoke,
Down to the deep abyss the flaming fellow strook.
LAUN D. m. s. [lande, Fr. lawn, Welsh.]
Lawn; a plain extended between woods.
Under this thick-grown brake we'll shroud
ourselves, - -
For through this laund anon the deer will come ;
And in this covert will we make our stand Shak.
LA'UN DREss. n.s. [lacandiere, Fr. Skin-
ner imagines that lavandaresse may
have been the old word..] A woman
whose employment is to wash clothes.
The countess of Richmond would often say,
On condition the princes cf Christendom would
march against the Turks, she would willingly at-
tend them, and be their laundress. Camden.
Take up these cloaths here quickly; carry them
to the laundress in Datchet Mead. Shakesp.
The laundress must be sure to tear her smocks in
the washing, and yet wash them but half. Swift.
LA'UN DRY. m. s. [as if lavanderie ]
1. The room in which clothes are washed.
The affairs of the family ought to be consulted,
whether they concern the stable, dairy, the pan-
try, or laundry. - Swift.
2. The act or state of washing.
Chalky water is too fretting, as appeareth in
laundru of cloaths, which wear out a pace. Bacon.
LAWOLT 1. n. s. [la volte, Fr.] An
old dance, in which was much turning

and much capering. Ilammer.
I cannot sing,
Nor heel the high lavolt; nor sweeten talk ;
Nor play at subtle games. Shakesp.
LAUREATE. adj. [laureatus, Lat.]
Decked or invested with a laurel.
Bid Amaranthus all his beauty shed,
And datiodilies fill their caps with tears,
To strew the laureute hearse where Lycid lies.
Soft on her lap her laureate son reclines. Pope.
LAUREATION. m. s. [from laureate.] It
denotes, in the Scottish universities, the
act or state of having degrees conferred,
as they have in some of them a flowery
crown, in imitation of laurel among the

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The laurel, need of mighty conquerors, And poets sage. Fairy Queen. The laurel or cherry-bay, by cutting away the side branches, will rise to a large tree. MortimeLAURELED. adj. [from laurel.] Crowned or decorated with laurel ; laureate. Hear'st thou the news? my friend' th' express - is come With laurell'd letters from the camp to Rome. -. Then future ages with delight shall see How Plato's, Bacon's, Newton's, looks agree ; Or in fair series laurell'd bards be shown, A Virgil there, and here an Addison. L.A.W. n. s. Erse.] 1. A rule of action. That which doth assign unto each thing the kind, that which doth moderate the force and power, that which doth appoint the form and measure of working; the same we term a law. Hooker. Unhappy man! to break the pious laws Of nature, pleading in his children's cause. Drud. 2. A decree, edict, statute, or custom, publickly established as a rule of justice. Ordain them laws, part such as appertain To civil justice, part religious rites. Milton. Our nation would not give laws to the Irish. therefore now the Irish gave lates to them. Davir. 3. A decree authoritatively annexing rewards or punishments to certain actions. So many laws argue so many sins. Milton. Laws, politique among inen presuming man to be rebellious ooker. 4. Judicial process. When every case in law is right. He hath resisted law, And therefore law shall scorn him further trial Than the severity of publick power. Shaken. Tom Touchy is a fellow famous for taking the law of every io, ; there is not one in the town where he lives that he has not sued at a quart, so sessions. Addison's Spectator. 5. A distinct edict or rule. Que law is split into two. Baker on '. 6. Conformity to law; any thing lawful. In a rebellion, When what's not meet, but what must be, was

Then *: they chosen. Shakesp. Coriolanos. 7. The rules or axioms of science : *s, the laws of mechanicks. 8. An established and constant mode or process; a fixed correspondence of cause and effect: as, the laws of magnetism. Natural agents have their law. Hooker. I sy'd, whilst in the woub he stay'd, Attending Nature's law. Shakesp. Cumhelius.

9. The Mosaical institution : distinguish

ed from the gospel.
Law can discover sin, but not remove,

Save by these shadowy expiations. Miiser.

10. The books in which the Jewish religion is delivered : distinguished from the prophets.

11. A particular form or mode of trying and judging: as, law martial, lan’ mercantile, the ecclesiastical law whereby we are governed.

12. Jurisprudence; the study of law: as a doctor of law.

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