Though well we may not pass upon his life, Without the form of justice; yet our pow'r

Shall do a court’sy to our wrath. Shakesp. 20. To be supremely excellent Sir Hudibras's passing worth, The manner how he sallied forth. Underwood.

21. To thrust; to make a push in fencing. To see thee fight, to see thee pass thy puncto Shakespeare. Both advance Against each other, and with sword and lance They lash, the v foin, they pass, they strive to bore Their corslets. Dryden. 22. To omit. Full piteous seems young Alma's case, As in a luckless gamester's place, She would not play, yet must not pass. Prior. 23. To go through the alimentary duct. Substances hard cannot be dissolved, but they will pass; but such, whose tenacity exceeds the powers of digestion, will neither pass, nor be converted into aliment. Arbuthnot. 24. To be in a tolerable state. A middling sort of man was left well enough to pass by his father, but could never think he had enough, so long as any had more. L'Estrange. 25. To pass anay. To be lost; to glide off. Defining the soul to be a substance that always thinks, can serve but to make many men suspect, that they have no souls at all, since . find a good part of their lives pass away without t ". f.

26. To pass away. To vanish. To PAss. v. a. 1. To go beyond.

As it is advantageable to a physician to be called to the cure of a declining disease; so it is for a commander to suppress a sedition, which has passed the height; for in both the noxious humour doth first weaken and afterwards waste to nothing. Hayward. 2. To go through: as, the horse passed the river.

3. To spend; to live through. Were I not assured he was removed to advantage, I should pass my time extremely ill without him. Collier. You know in what deluding joys we past The night that was by heav'n decreed our last. Dryden. We have examples of such, as pass most of their rights without dreaming. cke. The people, free from cares, serene and gay, Pass all their suild untroubled hours away. Addison. In the midst of the service, a lady who had passed the winter at London with her husband, entered the con-regation. Addison. 4. To impart to any thing the power of moving. Dr. Thurston thinks the principal use of inspiration to be, to move, or pass the blood, from the right to the left ventricle of time heart. Derham. 2. To carry hastily. I had only time to pass my eye over the medals, , which are in great number. Addison on Italy. 5. To transfer to another proprietor. He that will pass his land, As I have mine, may set his hand Alid heart unto this deed, when he hath read ; And make the purchase spread. Herbert. 7. To strain; to percolate. . They speak of severing wine from water, passing it through ivy wood. Bacon's Nat. Hist. 8. To vent; to pronounce. How many thousands take upon them to pass their censures on the personal actions of others, and pronounce boldly on the affairs of the publick? Watts. They will commend the work in general, but *.*o imany sly remarks upon it afterwards, as ball destroy all their cold praises. - - Watts on the Mind. 9. To utter ceremoniously.

Many of the lords and some of the commons passed some compliments to the two lords. Clarendon. 10. To utter solemnly or judicially All this makes it more rudent, rational, and pious, to search our own ways, than to ass sentence on other men. Hummond. He passed his promise, and was as good as his word. L'Estrange. 11. To transmit; to procure to go. Waller passed over five thousand horse and foot by Newbridge. Clarendon. 12. To put an end to. This night We'll pass the business privately and well. Shakesp. 13. To surpass; to excel. She more sweet than any bird on bough, Would oftentimes amongst them bear a part, And strive to pass, as she could well enough, Their native musick by her skilful art. Spenser. \\hoin dost thou ass in beauty : Ezekiel. Martial, thou gav'st far nobler epigrams To thy Domitian, than I can my James; But in my royal subject l pass thee, Thou flatterd'st thine, mine cannot flatter'd be. Ben Jonson The ancestor and all his heirs, Though they in number pass the stars of heav'n, Are still but one. Davies.

14. To omit; to neglect; whether to do

or to mention. If you fondly pass our proffer'd offer, 'Tis not the rounder of your old sac'd walls Can hide you. Shakesp. King John. Let me o'erleap that custom ; for I cannot Put on the gown, stand naked, and entreat them; Please you that I may pass this doing. , Shakesp. I pass the wars, that spotted linxes make With their fierce riv, Is. Dryden. I pass their warlike pomp, their proud array. Dryden. 15. To transcend; to transgress. They did pass those bounds, and did return since that time. Burnet s Theory of the Earth.

16. To admit; to allow. The money of every one that passeth the account, let the priests take. 2 Aings, xii. 4. I'll pass them all upon account, As if your nat'ral self had don't. Hudibras. 17. To enact a law. How does that man know, but the decree may be already passed against him, and his allowance of mercy spent : South. Among the laws that pass'd, it was decreed, That conquer'd Thebes from bondage should be freed. Dryden. Could the same parliament, which addressed with so much zeal and earnestness against this evil, pass it into a law " wift. His majesty's ministers proposed the good of the nation, when they advised the pussing this patont. . Swift. 18. To impose fraudulently. The indulgent mother did her care employ, And pass'd it on her husband for a boy. Dryden.

19. To practise artfully; to make succeed. Time lays open frauds, and after that discovery there is no passing the same trick upon the mice. L'Estrange. 20. To send from one place to another: as, pass that beggar to his own parish. 21. To pass away. To spend ; to waste. The father waketh for the daughter, lest she pass away the flower of her age. Ecclus. xlii. 9. 22. To pass by. To excuse; to forgive. However God inay pass busingle sinners in this world; yet when a nation combines against him, the wicked shall not go unpunished. Tillotson. 23. To pass by. To neglect; to disregard. How far ought this enterprize to wait upon these other matters, to be mingled with them, or to pass by theiu, and give law to them,

unto itself? Bacon.

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It co duces much to our content, if we pass by those things which happel, to ou irut It, and consider that which is rosperous: hat, by the representation of the better, he wor e o a y lie llotted out. Tautor's tiolu living. Certain passages of scripture we cannot, with

out injury to truth, pass by here in sil ce. Bornet.

24. To pass over. To omit; to let go unregarded. Better to pass him o'er, than to relate The cause I have your mighty sire to hate. Drud n. It does not belong to this place to have that point debated, nor will it hinder our pursuit to pass it over in silence !s atts. The poet passes it over as hastily as he can, as if he were afraid of staying in the cave. 1)rud n. The queen asked him, who he was ; but he passes over this without any reply, and reserves the greatest part of his story to a time of uore leisure. Broone.

PAss. n. s. [from the verb.]

1. A narrow entrance; an avenue. The straight pass was damn'd With dead men. Shakesp. Cumbeline. lt would be easy to defend the asses into the whole country, that the king's army should licy r be able to enter. Clarendon. Truth is a strong hold, fortified by God and hature, and diligence is properly the understanding's laying siege to it; so that it must be perpetually observing all the avenues and passes to it, and accordingly making its approaches. South. 2. Passage; road. The Tyrians had no pass to the Red Sea, but through the territory of Solomon, and by his sus

feiance. Raleigh. Pity tempts the pass; But the tough metal of my heart resists. Drud. 3. A permission to go or come any where. They shall protect all that come in, and send them to the lord deputy, with their safe-conduct or pass, to be at his disposition. Spense, on Ireland. We bid this be done, When evil deeds have their permissive pass, And not the punishment. Shakesp. Give quiet pass Through your dominions for this enterprize. Shakespeare. My fricnds remember'd me of home; and said, If ever fate would signe my pass; delaid It should be now no more. Chapman. A gentleman had a pass to go beyond the seas. Clarendon.

4. An order by which vagrants or impotent persons are sent to their place of abode.

5. Push; thrust in fencing. 'Tis dangerous when the baser nature comes Between the pass and fell incensed points Of mighty opposites. Shakesp. Hamlet. The king hath laid, that in a dozen passes to tween you and him, he shall not exceed you three hits. hakes. With seeming innocence the crowd beguild ; But made the desperate passes, when he sinil'd. Dryden. 6. State ; condition. To what a pass are our minds brought, that from the right line of virtue, are wryed to these crooked shifts 2 Sidney. After king Henry united the roses, they laboured to reduce Loth English and Irish, which work, to what pass and perfection it was brought in queen Elizabeth's reign, hath been declared, Davis's State of lreland. In my feare of hospitable Jove, Thou did'st to this passe my allections move. Cha I could see plate, hangings and paintinus about my house till you had |. ordering of me, but l am now brought to such pass, that I can see nothing at all. L'Estrange. Matters have been brought to this pass, that if one among a man's sous had any blenish, he laid him aside for the ministry, auds such an one was presently approved. South.

PA'ss ABLE. adj. [ passible, Fr. from pass.] 1. Possible to be passed or travelled

through or over. His body is a passable carkass, if he be not hurt. It is a thoroughfare for steel. Shakesp. Antiochus departed in all haste, weening in his pride to make the land navigable, and the sea passable by foot. 2 Maccab. 2. Supportable; tolerable; allowable. They are crafty and of a passable reach of understanding Howel. Lay by Virgil, my version will appear a passable beauty when the original muse is absent. Dryden. White and red well mingled on the face, make what was before but passable, appear beautiful. Dryden. 3. Capable of admission or reception. In counterfeits, it is with men as with false money ; one piece is more or less passable than another. 1. Estrange. These stage advocates are not only without truth, but without colour: could they have made the slander passable, we should have heard farther. Collier. 4. Popular; well received. This is a sense less usual. Where there is no eminent odds in sufficiency, it is better to take with the more passable, than with the more able. Bacon. A man of the one faction, which is most passable with the other, commonly giveth best way. Jacon, PASSA DO. m. s. [Italian.] A push; a thrust. A duellist, a gentleman of the very first house ; ah! the immortal passado. Shakesp. PA'ss AGE. m. s. [ passage, Fr.] 1. Act of passing ; travel ; course; journey. The story of such a passage was true, and Jason with the rest went indeed to rob Colchos, to which they might arrive by boat. Raleigh's Hist. So shalt thou best prepar'd endure Thy mortal passage when it comes. Milton. ll have liberty to take fish, which they do by standing in the water by the holes, and so intercopting their passage take great plenty of them, which otherwise would follow the water under ground. Brown's Travels. Live like those who look upon themselves as being only on their passage through this state, but as belonging to that which is to come. Atterbury. Though the passage be troublesome, yet it is secure, and shall in a little time bring us ease and

peace at the last. sale. In souls prepard, the passage is a breath From time t' eternity, from life to death. Harte.

2. Road; way. Human actions are so uncertain as that seemeth the best course, which hath most passages out of it. Bacon The land enterprize of Panama was grounded upon a false account, that the passages towards it were no better fortified than Dake had left them. Bacon. Is there yet no other way besides These painful passages, how we may come To death, and mix with our connatural dust? Milton. Against which open'd from beneath A passage down to th’ earth, a passage wide. Milton. To bleed to death was one of the most desirable passages out of this world. I'ell. When the passage is open, land will be turned most to great cattle ; when shut, to sheep. Temp. The Persian armv had advancen into the straight passages of Cilicia, by which means Alexander with his small art”y was able to fight and conquer them. South. The passage made by many a winding way, Reach'd e'en the room in which the tyrant *. Dryden. He plies him with redoubled strokes; Wheels as he wheels; and with his pointed dart Explores the nearest passage to his heart.

I wish for the wings of an eagle, to fly away to those happy seats; but the genius told me there was no passage to theon, except through the gates of death. Addison. I have often stopped all the passages to prevent the ants going to their own nest. Addison. When the gravel is separated from the kidney, oily substances relax the passages. Arbuthnot. 3. Entrance or exit; liberty to pass.

What, are my doors oppos'd against my passage? y PP § * {.

You shall furnish me sp With o and coate, and make my passage ree For lov'd Dulichius. Chapman. 4. The state of decay. Not in use. Would some part of my young years Might but redeem the passage of your age ' Shakesp. 5. Intellectual admittance; mental acceptance. I would render this treatise intelligible to every rational man, however little versed in scholastick learning, among whom I expect it will have a fairer passage than among those deeply imbued with other principles. Digby. 6. Occurrence; hap. lt is no act of common passage, but A strain of rareness. Shakesp. 7. Unsettled state; aptness by condition

or nature to change the place of abode. Traders in Ireland are but factors; the cause must be rather an ill opinion of security than of i"; the last intices the poorer traders, young beginners, or those of passage; but without the first, the rich will never settle in the country. Temple. In man the judgment shoots at flying game; A bird of passage! lost as soon as found ; Now in the moon perhaps, now under ground, Pope. 8. Incident ; transaction. This business as it is a very high passage of state, so it is worthy of serious consideration. Hayward. Thou dost in thy passages of life Make me believe that thou art only mark'd For the hot vengeance of heav'n. Shakesp. 9 Management; conduct. Upon consideration of the conduct and passage of affairs in former times, the state of England ought to be cleared of an imputation cast "ß". attes. 10. Part of a book; single place in a writing. Endroit, Fr. A critick who has no taste nor learning, seldom ventures to praise any passage in an author who has not been before received by the publick. Addison. As to the cantos, all the passages are as fabulous as the vision at the beginning. Pope. How commentators each dark passage shun, And hold their farthing candie to the sun. Young.

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But was withal discreet and debonnair. Druden.
Full soon by bonfire and by bell, -
We learnt our liege was passing well. Gay.

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The bell which rings at the hour of departure, to obtain prayers for the passing soul : it is often used for the bell which rings immediately after death. Those loving papers Thicken on you now, as pray'rs ascend To heaven in troops at a good man's passingbell.

count. A talk of tumult, and a breath Would serve him as his passingbell to death. Daniel Before the passingbell begun, The news through Talf the town has run. Swift.

PASSION.m. s. [ passion, Fr. passio, Lat.] 1. Any effect caused by external agency.

A body at rest affords us no idea of any active power to move, and when set in motion, it is rather a passion than an action in it. Locke.

2. Susceptibility of effect from external

action. The differences of mouldable and not mouldable, scissible and not scissible, and many other ritions of matter, are plebeian notions, o to the instruments men ordinarily practise. Bacon. 3. Violent commotion of the mind. All the other passions fleet to air, As doubtful thoughts and rash embrac'd despair. Shakesp. Thee every thing becomes, to chide, to laugh, To weep; whose every passion fully strives To make itself in thee fair and admired. Shakesp. You break • I am doubtful, lest ou break into some merry ion, And so offend him : y pass If you should smile, he grows impatient. Shakesp. in loving thou do'st well, in passion not; Wherein true love consists not. Milton. Cruel his eye, but cast Signs of remorse and passion, to behold The fellows of his crime condemn'd For ever now to have their lot in pain. Milton. Passion's too fierce to be in fetters bound, And nature flies him like enchanted ground. Dryden. All the art of rhetorick, besides order and perspicuity, only moves the passions, and thereby misleads the judgment. Locke. 4, Anger. The word passion signifies the receiving any action, in a large philosophical sense; in a more limited philosophical sense, it signifies any of the affections of human nature ; as love, fear, joy, sorrow; but the common people confine it only to anger. Watts. 5, Zeal; ardour. Where statesmen are ruled by faction and interest, they can have no passion for the glory of their country, nor any concern for the figure it will make. Addison on Medals.

6. Love.

- For your love, You kill'd her father: you confess'd you drew A mighty argument to prove your pission for the daughter. ruden and Lee's Oedipus. - He, to grate me more, Publickly own’d his passion for Amestris. Rowe. Survey yourself, and then forgive your slave, Think what a passion such a form must have. Granville. 7. Fagerness. Abate a little of that violent passion for fine cloths, so predominant in your sex. Swift. 8. Emphatically. The last suffering of the Redeemer of the world. He shewed himself alive after his passion, by many infallible proofs. Acts, i. 3. • PA'ssion. v.m. spassionner, Fr. from the noun..] To be extremely agitated ; to express great commotion of mind. Obsolete. 'Twas Ariadne passioning For Theseus' perjury and unjust flight. Shakesp.

*Assiox-flower. n. s. [granadilla, n Lt. A flower. Miller. "Assion-week. n.s. The week imme

diately preceding Easter, named in com

memoration of our Saviour's crucifixion. *Assion ATE. adj. [passionné, Fr.] !. Moved by passion; feeling or expressing great commotion of mind. My whole endeavour is to resolve the consci**, and to show what, in this controversy, the *art, is to think, if it will follow the light of ound and sincere judgment, without either cloud "†". or mist of passionate affection. Hooker. hocydides observes, that men are much more *imate for injustice than for violence; because "t one coming as from an equal seems rapine; * the other proceeding from one stronger is in the effect of necessity. Clarendon. In his prayers, as his attention was fixt and steady, so was it inflamed with passionate fervors. Fell. '*' angels looked upon this ship of Noah's “th a passionate concern for its safety. Burnet.

Vol. II

Men, upon the near approach of death, have been rouzed up into such a lively sense of their guilt, such a passionate degree of concern and re: morse, that if ten thousand ghosts had o to them, they scarce could have had a fuller conviction of their danger. Atterbury. 2. Easily moved to anger. Homer's Achilles is haughty and passionate, impatient of any restraint by laws, and arrogant in arills. Prior; To PA'ssion Ate. v. a. [from passion.] An old word. Obsolete.

1. To affect with passion. Great pleasure mix'd with pitiful regard, That godly king and queen did passionate, Whilst they his pitiful adventures heard, That oft they did lament his luckless state Spenser. 2. To express passionately. Thy niece and I want hands, And cannot passionate our tenfold grief With folded arms. Shakesp. Titus Andronicus, PA'ssion ATFLY. adv. [from passionate.] 1. With passion; with desire, love, or hatred; with great commotion of mind. Whoever passionately covets any “jo has not, has lost his hold. - I’Estrange. If sorrow expresses itself never so loudly and passionately, and discharge itself in never so many tears, yet it will no more purge a man's heart, than o: washing of his hands can cleanse the rottenness of his bones. South's Sermons. I made Melesinda, in opposition to Nourmahal, a woman passionately loving of her husband, patient of injuries and contempt, and constant in her kindness. Dryden. 2. Angrily. They lay the blame on the poor little ones sometimes passionately enough, to divert it from themselves. Locke. PA'ssio NATEN Ess. n. s. [from passionate.] 1. State of being subject to passion.

2. Wehemence of mind. To love with some passionateness the person you would marry, is not only allowable but expedient. Boyle. PASSIVE. adj. [passif, Fr. passivus,

1. Receiving impression from some ex

ternal agent. High above the ground Their march was, and the passive air upbore Their nimble tread. Milton's Parad. Lost. The active informations of the intellect, filling the passive reception of the will, like form closing with matter, grew actuate into a third and distinct perfection of practice. South. As the mind is wholly passive in the reception of all its simple ideas, so it exerts several acts of its own, whereby out of its simple idea, the other is formed. Locke. The vis inertia is a passive principle by which bodies persist in their motion or rest, receive motion in proportion to the force impressing it, and resist as much as they are resisted : by this principle alone, there never could have been any motion in the world. Newton's Opticks. 2. Unresisting; not opposing. Not those alone, who passive own her laws, But who, weak rebels, more advance her cause. - - Pope. 3. Suffering; not acting. 4. [In grammar.] A verb passive is that which o passion or the effect of action: as doceor, I am taught. Clarke's Latin Grammar. PA'ssiveLY. a 'v. [from passive.] 1. With a passive nature. Though some are passively inclin'd, The greater part degenerate from their kind. Dryden.

2. Without agency

A man may not only passivelu and involuntarily be rejected, but also may, by an act of his own, cast out or reject himself. Pearson. PA'ssiv ENEss. m. s. [from passive.] 1. Quality of receiving impression from external agents. 2. Passibility; power of suffering. We shall lose our passiveness with our being, and be as incapable of suliering as heaven can make us;, . Decay of Piety. 3. Patience ; calmness. Gravity and passiveness in children is not fron discretion, but phlegme. Fell. PA'ssivity. n.s. (from passire.] Passiveness. An innovated word. There being no mean between penetrability and impenetrability, between passivity and activity, these being contrary and opposite, the infinite rarefaction of the one qualify is the position of its contrary. Cheyne's Philosophical Principles. PA'ssov ER. m. s. [pass and over.] 1. A feast instituted among the Jews in memory of the time when God, smiting the first born of the Egyptians, passed

orer the habitations of the Hebrews. The Jews passover was at hand, and Jesus went

up. John, ii. 13. The Lord's passover, commonly called Easter,

was ordered by the common law to be celebrated

every year on a Sunday. Ayliffe. 2. The sacrifice killed. Take a lamb, and kill the passover. Erodus.

PA'ssport. m. s. [passport, Fr.] Permission of passage. Under that pretext, fain she would have given a secret passport to her affection. Sidney. Giving his reason passport for to pass Whither it would, so it would let him die. Sooney. Let him depart; his passport shall be made, And crowns for convoy put into his purse. Shakesp. Having used extreme caution in granting pass|. to Ireland, he conceived that paper not to Iave been delivered. Clarendon. The gospel has then only a free admission into the assent of the understanding, when it brings a passport from a rightly disposed will, as being the faculty of dominion, that commands all, that shuts out, and lets in, what objects it pleases. South. Admitted in the shining throng He shows the passport which he brought along; His passport is his innocence and grace, W.W., to all the natives of the place. Dryd. At our meeting in another world; For thou hast drunk thy passport out of this. Dryden. Dame nature gave him comeliness and health, And fortune, for a passport, gave him wealth, Harte. PAst. participial adj. [from pass.] 1. Not present; not to come. Past, and to come, seem best; things present worst. Shakesp. For several months past, papers have been written upon the best publick principle, the love of our country. Swift. This not alone has shone on ages past, But lights the present, and shall warm the last. Pope. 2. Spent; gone through; undergone. A life of glorious labours past Pope.

PAST. m. s. Elliptically used for past

time. The past is all by death possest, And frugal fate that guards the rest, By giving bids us live to-day. PAST. preposition. 1. Beyond in time. Sarah was delivered of a child, when she was past age. Hebrews, xi. 11. 2. No longer capable of. Fervent prayers he made, when he was esteemed

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past sense, and so spent his last breath in commitup his soul unto the Almighty. Hayward. ast hope of conquest, 'twas his latest care Like falling Caesar lo to dye. Dryden. Many men have not yet sinued themselves past all sense or feeling, but have some regrets; and when their spirits are at any time disturbed with the sense of their guilt, they are for a little time more watchful over their ways; but they are soon disheartened. Calamy's Sermons. 8. Beyond; out of reach of. We intist not Prostitute our past cure malady To empiricks. Shakesp. All's well that ends well What's gone, and what's past help, Should be past grief. Shakesp. Winter's Tale. i Hat Fra ce and Spain were taught the use of shipping by the Greeks and Phoenicians is a thing past questioning. Heulum. Love, when once past government, is cousequently past shame. 1. Fostrange Her life she might have had : but the despair

Of saving his had put it past her care. , Dryden.
I'm stupify'd with sorrow, past relief
Of tears. Druden.

That the bare receiving a sum should sink a man into a servile state, is past my comprehension. - Collier on Pride. That he means paternal power, is past doubt from the inference he makes. Locke. 4. Beyond; further than. We will go by the king's high way, until we be past thy borders. Numbers, xxi. 22. 5. Above ; more than. The northern Irish Scots have bows not past three quarters of a yard long, with a string of wreathed hemp, and their arrows not much above an ell. Spenser on Ireland. The same inundation was not deep, not past forty foot from the ground. Bacon. PASTE. n.s. [paste, Fr.] 1. Anything mixed up so as to be viscous and tenacious: such as flour and water for bread or pies; or various kinds of

earth mingled for the potter. Except you could bray Christendom in a mortar, and mould it in a new paste, there is no possibility of an holy war. Bacon. With particles of heav'nly fire The God of nature did his soul inspire; Which wise Prometheus temper'd into so And mixt with living streams, the godlike image Cast. ryden. When the gods moulded up the paste of man, Some of their dough was left upon their hands. Dryden. He has the whitest hand that ever you saw, and raises paste better than any woman. ... Addison's Spectator. 2. Flour and water boiled together so as to make a cement. 3. Artificial mixture, in imitation of precious stones. To PASTE. v. a. [paster, Fr. from the

noun..] To fasten with paste. . By pasting the vowels and consonants on the sides of dice, his eldest son played himself into spelling. Locke. Young creatures have learned their letters and syllables, by having them pasted upon little flat tablets. Watts. PA'stEBOARD. m. s. [paste and board.] Masses made anciently by pasting one paper on another: now made sometimes by macerating paper and casting it in moulds, sometimes by pounding old cordage, and casting it in forms, Tintoret made chambers of board and pasteboard, proportioned to his models, with doors and windows, through which he distributed, on his figures, artificial lights. Dryden. I would not make myself merry, even with a piece of pasteboard, that is invested with a publick character. Addison.

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tempt. So straight she walk'd, and on her pasterns high : If seeing #. behind, he lik'd her pace, Now turning short, he better lik'd her face. Druden. PA'stil. m. s. [pastillus, Lat. pastille, Fr.] A roll of paste. To draw with dry colours, make long pastils, by grinding red lead with strong wort, and so roll them up like pencils, asio in the sun. eacham on Drawing. PA's rivi E. m. s. spass and time.] Sport; amusement; diversion. It was more requisite for Zelmane's hurt to rest, than sit up at those pastimes; but she, that felt no wound but one, earnestly desired to have the pastorals. Sidney. I'll be as patient as a gentle stream, And make a pastime of each weary step, Till the last step has brought me to my love. Shakesp.

Pastime passing excellent, Shakesp.

If husbanded with modesty. With these Find pastime, and bear rule; thy realm is large. Milton. A man, much addicted to luxury, recreation, and pastime, should never pretend to devote himself entirely to the sciences, unless his soul be so refined, that he can taste these entertainments eminently in his closet. Watts. PA's To R. m. s. [pastor, Lat. pasteur, old Fr.]

1. A shepherd. Receive this present by the muses made, The pipe on which the Ascraean pastor play’d. Dryden. The pastor shears their hoary heards, And eases of their hair the loaden herds. Dryden. 2. A clergyman who has the care of a flock; one who has souls to feed with

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Their ord and master taught foom; the pastoral i \re he had over his own flock. toker. The bishop of Salisbury recommendeth the tenth satire of Juvenal, in his pastoral letter, to the serious perusal of the divines of his diocese. wden. PA'stor AL. m. s. A poem in which any action or passion is represented by its effects upon a country life: or according to the common practice in which speakers take upon them the character of shepherds; an idyl ; a bucolick. Pastoral is an imitation of the action of a sheoherd ; the form of to is initation is dramatick or narrative, or nixed of both, the fable siu ple, the usanners not too lite nor too rustick. The best actors in the world, for tragedy, comedy, history, pastoral. a! esp. Hamlet. Tere ought to be the same difference between pastorals and elegies, as between the lite of tie country and the court; the latter should be snavutu, clean, tender, and passionate : the thoughts may

be bold, more gay, and more elevated that in

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1. The act of making pies.
Let never fresh machines your pastry try,
onless grandees or magistrates are by,
Then yew may put a dwarf into a pie.

2. Pies or baked paste.


The seed cake, the pasteries, and the furmenty pot liss."


Beasts of chase, or fowls of game, In pastry built, or from the spit, or boil'd, Gris .. steam'd. Milton's Parad. Regained, 3. The place where pastry is made. They call for dates and quinces in the 1. lu PA'st RY-cook. n. s. [pastry and cook.] One whose trade is to make and sell things baked in paste. I wish you knew what my husband has paid to the pastrycooks and confectioners. Arbuthnot. PA'stur ABLE. adj. [from pasture.] Fit for pasture. PA'stur AGE. m. s. [pasturage, Fr.] 1. The business of feeding cattle. I wish there were ordinances, that whosoever keepeth twenty kine, should keep a pool for otherwise all men would fall to pasturage, an none to husbandry. Spenser. 2. Lands grazed by cattle. France has a sheep by her to shew, that the riches of the country consisted chiefly in flock: and pasturage. - Audison. 3. The use of pasturage. Cattle fatted by good pasturage, aster, violen motion, die suddenly. Arbuthnot on Aliment. PA's TURE. m. s. [pasture, Fr.]

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Willin a pasto lodge a living hare. King. A man of sober life,

Not quite a madman, though a pastu fell,

And much too wise to walk into a well. Pope.

PAT, adj. [from pas, Dut. Skinner.] Fit; convenient; exactly suitable either as to time or place. This is a low word, and should not be used but in burlesque writings. Pat, pat; and here's a marvellous convenient place for our rehearsal. Shak. Mids Night's Dream. Now I might do it pat, now he is praying Shak. They never saw two things so pai, In all respects as this and that. Hudibras. Zuingius dreamed of a text, which he found very pat to his doctrine of the Eucharist. Atterb. He was sorely put to"t at the end of a verse, Because he could find no word to come pat in. Swift PAT. n.s. [patte, Fr. is a foot, and thence put may be a blow with the foot.] 1. A light quick blow ; a tap. . The least noise is enough to disturb the operaon of his brain; the pat of a shuttle-cock, or to creaking of a jack will do. Collier. * Small lump of matter beat into shape with the hand.

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of the Assyrian princes, we shall but patch up the story at adventure, and leave it in confusion. Raleigh's History. His glorious end was a patch'd work of fate, Ill sorted with a soft effeminate life. Dryden. There is that visible symmetry in a human body, as gives an intrinsick evidence, that it was not formed successively and patched up by piecemeal. Bentley. Enlarging an author's sense, and building fancies of our own upon his foundation, we may call paraphrasing; but more properly changing, adding, patching, piecing. Felton. PATCH. n.s. [pezzo, \tal.] 1. A piece sewed on to cover a hole. Patches set upon a little breach, Discredit more in hiding of the flaw, Than did the flaw before it was so patch'd. Shak. If the shoe be ript, or patches put ; He's wounded see the plaister on his foot. Dryd. 2. A piece inserted in Mosaick or varie

gated work. They suffer their minds to appear in a pie-bald livery of coarse patches and borrowed shreds, such as the common opinion of those they converse with clothe them in. Locke

3. A small spot of black silk put on the

face. How ! providence and yet a Scottish crew Then madam Nature wears black patches too. Cleaveland. If to every common funeral, By your eyes martyr'd, such grace were allow'd, Your face wou'd wear not patches, but a cloud. - Suckling. They were patched differently, and cast hostile glances upon one another, and their patches were placed in different situations as party signals to distinguish friends from foes. Addison. This the morning omens seem'd to tell: Thrice from my trembling hand the pool. ope. 4. A small particle; a parcel of land. We go to gain a little patch of ground, That hath in it no profit but the name. 5. A paltry fellow. Obsolete. What a py'd ninny's this? thou curvygo hakesp. PA'tch ER. m. s. [from patch..] One that patches; a botcher. PA'tch ERY. n.s.. [from patch..] Botchery; bungling work; forgery. A word not in use. You hear him cogg, see him dissemble, Know his gross patchery, love him, and feed him, Yet remain assur'd that he's a made-up villain. Shakesp. PA'tchwork. n.s. [patch and work.] Work made by sewing small pieces of different colours interchangeably toge

ther. When my cloaths were finished, they looked like the patchwork, only mine were all of a colour. ift oft. Whoever only reads to transcribe shining remarks, without entering into the genius and spirit of the author, will be apt to be misled out of the o: way of thinking; and all the product of f


r all this will be found a manifest incoherent piece of patchwork. wift. oreign her air, her robe's discordant pride In patchwork flutt'ring. Pope. |. patchwork learn'd quotations are ally'd, Both strive to make our poverty our pride Young. PATE. m. s. [This is derived by Skinner from tete, Fr.] The head. Now commonly used in contempt or ridicule; but anciently in serious language. Senseless man, that himself doth hate, To love another; Here take thy lover's token on thy pate. Spenser. Behold the despaire, By custome and covetous pates,

By gaps and opening of gates. Tusser.

He is a traitor, let him to the tower, And crop away that factious pate of his. Shakesp. Steal by line and level is an excellent pass of pate. Shakesp. - That sly devil, keep That broker that still breaks the pate of faith, That daily break vow. Shakeup. - Who dares Şay this man is a flatterer? The learned pate Ducks to the golden fool. Shakesp. Thank your gentler fate, That, for a bruis'd or broken pate, Has freed you from those knobs that grow Much harder on the married brow. Hudibras. if only, scorn attends men for asserting the church's dignity, many will rather chuse to me. glect their duty, than to get a broken pate in the church's service. South. If any young novice happens into the neighbourhood of flatterers, presently they are plying his full purse and empty pate with addresses suit able to his vanity. South. PATED. adj. [from pate.] Having a pate. It is used only in composition; as long-pated or cunning; shallow. pated or foolish. PATEFACTION. m. s. [patefactio, Lat.] Act or state of opening. Ainsworth. PATEN. m. s. [patina, Lat.] A plate. Not in use. . . . . . The floor of heav'n Is thick inlaid with patens of bright gold; T here's not the ...'. orb which thou behold'st, But in his motion like an angel sings. Shakesp. PATENT. adj. [patens, Lat. patent, Fr.] 1. Open to the perusal of all: as, letters patent. . In Ireland, where the king disposes of bishopricks merely by his letters patent, without any Congé d'Elire, which is still kept up in England ; though to no other purpose, thān to shew the ancient right of the church to elect her own bishops.

- - sley. 2. Something appropriated by letters patent. Madder is esteemed a commodity that will turn to good profit; so that, in king Charles the first's time, it was made a patent commodity. Mortimer. PATENT, n. s. A writ conferring some exclusive right or privilege. If you are so fond over her iniquity, give her patent to offend : if it touch not you, it comes near no body. Shakesp. So will I grow, so live, so die, Fre I will yield my virgin patent u Unto his lordship. so Mids. Kight, Dream. We are censured as obstinate, in not complying with a royal patent. Sirist. PATENTEE. m. s. [from patent.] One

who has a patent. If his tenant and patentee dispose of his gift, without his kingly consent, the lands shall revert to the king. Bacon. In the patent granted to lord Dartmouth, the securities obliged the patentee to receive his money back upon every deniand. Swift. PATER-NOSTER. n.s. (Lat.] The Lord's prayer. PATERNAL. adj. [paternus, Lat. paternel, Fr.] 1. Fatherly; having the relation of a

father; pertaining to a father. I disclaim all my paternal care,

Propinquity and property of blood,

And as a stranger to my heart and me

Hold thee. Shakesp. King Lear. Grace signifies the paternal favour of God to

his elect children. Hammond. Admonitions fraternal or paternal of his fellow

Christians or governors of the church. Hammond. They o their days in joy unblam'd; and


Long time in peace, by families and tribes, Under paternal rule. Milton's Parad, Lost.

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