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in solemn language means any passage. For darkness, where is the place thereof * that thou shouldst know the paths to the house thereof. Job, xxxviii. 20. On the glad earth the golden age renew, And thy great father's path to heav'n pursue. Dru. The dewy paths of meadows we will tread. Drud. There is bút one road by which to climb up, and they have a very severe law against any that enters the town by another path, lest any new one should be worn on the mountain. Addison on Italy. PA I HETICAL. U adj. [ora Solzès; pathePATHETICK. tique, Fr.] Affect. ing the passions; passionate; moving. His page that handful of wit: 'Tis most pathetical. Shakesp. How pathetick is that expostulation of Job, when, for the trial of his patience, he was made to look upon himself in this deplorable condition. Spect. Tully considered the dispositions of a sincere and less mercurial nation, by dwelling on the pathetick part. Swift. While thus pathetick to the prince he spoke, From the brave youth the streaming passion o:

rope. PATHETICALLY. ade. [from pathetical.] In such a manner as may strike the

passions. These reasons, so pathetically urged and so admirably raised by the prosopopeia of nature, speaking to her children with so much authority, deserve the pains I have taken. Dryden. PATHETICALNEss. m. s. [from pathetical.] Quality of being pathetick; quality of moving the passions. PATHLEss. adj. [from path.] Untrodden; not marked with paths. Ask thou the citizens of pathless woods; What cut the air with wings, what swim in floods? Sandys. Like one that had been led astray Through the heav'ns wide pathless way. Milton. In fortune's empire blindly thus we go, And wander after pathless destiny, Whose dark resorts since prudence cannot know, In vain it would provide. Dryden Through mists obscure she wings her tedious way, Now wanters dazzled with too bright a day; And from the summit of a pathless coast Sees infinite, and in that sight is lost. Prior. PATHoc SoMo'NICK, adj. [rz$oy wao***, r*93 and yovázza.] Such signs of a disease as are inseparable, designing the essence or real nature of the disease;

He has the true pathognomonick sign of love, {...". ; for no body will suffer his mistress to »e treated so. Arbuthnot. PATHologic AL. adj. [pathologique, Fr. from pathology.) Relating to the tokens or discoverable effects of a distemper. PA'thologist. n. s. [ráše and airw.] One who treats of pathology. PATHOLOGY.. n.s. [raşo and Xiya ; pathologie, Fr.] That part of medicine which relates to the distempers, with their differences, causes, and effects, incident to the human body. Quincy. PATH w AY. m. s. [path and way.] A road; in common acceptation, a narrow way to be passed on foot. Alas, that love, whose view is muffled still, Should without eyes see pathways to his ill. Shak. In the way of righteousness is life, and in the pathway thereof there is no death. Prov. xii. 28. When in the middle pathwau basks the snake; O lead me, guard me from the suitry hours. Gay. PAT I BLE. adj. [from pation, Lat.] Sufferable ; tolerable. Dict. PATI pulla RY. adj. [patibulaire, Fr. patibulum, Lat.] Belonging to the gallows. Dict. PATIENCE. n.s. spatience, Fr. patientia, Lat.] 1. The power of suffering; calm endurance of pain or labour. The king-becoming graces, Devotion, patience, courage, fortitude; I have no relish of them. Shakesp. Macbeth. Christian fortitude and patience have their opportunity in times of affliction and persecution. Spratt. Frequent debauch to habitude prevails, Patience of toil and love of virtue tails. . Prior. 2. The quality of expecting long without rage or discontent; long-suffering. Necessary patience in seeking the Lord, is better than he that leadeth his life without a guide. Frclus, xx. 32. Have patience with me, and I will pay thee all. - Matthew, 3. Perseverance; continuance of labour. He learnt with patience, and with meekness taught; His life was but the comment of his thought. Harte. 4. The quality of bearing offences without revenge or anger. The hermit then assum'd a bolder tone, His rage was kindled, and his patience gone. Harte. 5. Sufferance; permission. By their patience be it spoken, the apostles preached as well when they wrote, as when they spake the gospel. - Hooker. 6. An herb. A species of dock. Patience, an herb, makes a good boiled sallad. Mortimer. PATIENT. adj. [patient, Fr. patiens, Lat.] 1. Having the quality of enduring: with of before the thing endured. To this outward structure was joined strength of constitution, patient of severest toil and hardship. Fell. Wheat, which is the best sort of grain, of which the purest bread is made, is patient of heat and cold. - Ray. Calm under pain or affliction. Be patient, and I will stay. Shakesp. Henry VI. Griev'd, but unmov’d, and patient of your scorn, I die. Dryden's Theocritus. 3. Not revengeful against injuries. 4. Not easily provoked. Warn them that are unruly, support the weak,

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not symptomatick. Quincy.

be patient toward all men. 1 Thessalonians, v. 14.

5. Persevering; calmly diligent. Whatever I have done is due to patient thought Neutom. 6. Not hasty; not viciously eager or im

petuous. Too industrious to be great, Not patient to expect the turns of fate, They open'd camps deform'd by civil fight. Prior. PATIENT. m. s. [ patient, Fr.] 1. That which receives impressions from external agents. Malice is a assion so impetuous and precipitate, that it often involves the agent and the patient. Government of the Tongue. To proper patients he kind agents brings, In various leagues binds lisagreeing things. Creech. Action and passion ar, modes which belong he substances : when a smith with a has iner strikes a piece of iron, the hammer and the smith are both agents or subjects of action; the one supreme, and the other subordinate: the iron is the patient or the subject of passion, in a philosophical sense, because it receives the operation of the agent. Watts. 2. A person diseased. It is commonly used of the relation between the sick

and the physician.

You deal with me like a physician, that seeing his patient in a pestilent fever, should clide instead of administring help, and bid him be sick no more. Sidney. Through ignorance of the disease, through un

reasonableness of the time, instead of good worketh hurt, and out of one evil throweth the patient into many miseries. Spenser. A physician uses various methods for the recovery of sick persons; and though all of them are disagreeable, his patients are never angry. Addison. 3. It is sometimes, but rarely, used abso

lutely for a sick person. Nor will the raging fever's fire abate With golden canopies or beds of state; But the poor patient will as soon be found On the hard matress or the mother ground. Drood. lt is wonderful to observe, how inapprehensive these patients are of their disease, and backward to believe their case is dangerous. Blackmors. To PATIENT. v. a. [patienter, Fr.] To compose one's self; to behave with pati

ence. Obsolete. Patient yourself, madam, and pardon me. Shak. PATIENTLY. [from patient.] 1. Without rage; under pain or affliction. Lament not, Eve, but patiently resign What justly thou hast lost Milton's Parad. Lost. Ned is in the gout, Lies rack'd with pain, and you without, How patiently you hear him groan.' How glad the case is not your own! . Swift. 2. Without vicious impetuosity; with calm diligence. That which they o we gladly accept at their hands, and wish that passently they would examine how little cause they have to deny that which as yet they grant not. ooker. Could men but once be persuaded patiently is attend to the dictates of their own minds, religion would gain more proselytes. Calamy's Sermons. PATINE. m. s. [patina, Lat.] The cover of a chalice. Ainsworth. PATLY. adv. [from pat.] Commodiously; fitly. PATRIARCH. n.s. [patriache, Fr. patriarcha, Lat.] 1. One who governs by paternal right; the father and ruler of a family. So spake the patriarch of mankind; but Eye Persisted, yet submiss. Milton's Parad. Last The monarch oak, the patriarch of the trees, Shoots rising up, and spreads by slow degrees, Three centuries he grows, and three he stays Supreme in state; and in three more decays. Pry 2. A bishop superior to archbishops.

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patriarch ; patriarchate. Calabria pertained to the patriarch of Constantinople, as appeareth in the novel of Leo Sophus, of the precedence of metropolitans belonging to that patriarchy. Brerewood. PATRIci AN. adj. [patricien, Fr. patricius, Lat.] Senatorial; noble; not plebeian. - I see Th' insulting tyrant prancing o'er the field, His horse's hoofs wet with patrician blood. Addison. PATRI'ci AN. m. s. A nobleman. Noble patricians, po of my right, Defend the justice of my cause with arms. Shak. You'll find Gracchus, from patrician grown A fencer and the scandal of the town. Dryden. Your daughters are all married to wealthy patristuns. Swift. PATRIMo'NIAL. adj. [patrimonial, Fr. from patrimony.] Possessed by inheritance. The expence of the duke of Ormond’s own great patrimonial estate, that came over at that one, is of no small consideration in the stock of this kingdom. - Temple. shoi patrimonial sloth the Spaniards keep, And Philip first taught Philip how to sleep Drud PATRIMo'N1ALLY. ade. [from patrimo. nial.] By inheritance. Good princes have not only made a distinction between what was their own patrimonially, as the **] law books term it, and what the state had an interest in. Davenant. PATRIMONY. n.s. [patrimonium, Lat. patrimoine, Fr.] An estate possessed by inheritance. Inclosures they would not forbid, for that had on to forbid the improvement of the patrimony of the kingdom. Bacom. So night the heir, whose father hath, in play, osted a thousand pounds of ancient rent, By painful earning of one groat a day. ope to restore the patrimony spent. - In me all Posterity stands curs'd' fir patrimony That I must leave ye, sons. Milton's Parad. Lost. For his redemption, all my patrimon ! on ready to forego and quit. Milton's Agonistes.


Their ships like wasted patrimonies shew ; Where the thin scatt'ring trees admit the light And shun each other's io, as they grow. Dryaen. The shepherd last appears, And with him all his patrimony bears; His house and houshold gods, his trade of war, His bow and quiver, and his trusty cur. Dryden. PA"TRIOT. m. s. 1. One whose ruling passion is the love,

of his country. Patriots who for sacred freedom stood. The firm patriot there, Who made the welfare of mankind his care; Shall know he conquer'd. Addison's Cato. Here tears shall flow from a more gen'rous cause, Such tears as patriots shed for dying laws. Pope. 2. It is sometimes used for a factious disturber of the government. PA't Riotis M. n.s.. [from patriot..] Love of one's country; zeal for one's country. To PATRocin ATE. v. a. [patrocinor, Lat. patrociner, old Fr.] To patronise; to protect; to defend. Dict. PATRo'L. n.s. [patrouille, patouille, old Fr.] 1. The act of going the rounds in a garrison to observe that orders are kept.

2. Those that go the rounds. O thou! by whose almighty nod the scale Of empire rises, or alternate falls, Send forth the saving virtues round the land ln bright patrol. Thomson's Summer. To PATRol. v. n. [patrouiller, Fr.] To go the rounds in a camp or garrison. These outguards of the mind are sent abroad, And still patrolling beat the neighb'ring road; Or to the parts remote obedient fly, . . Keep posts advanc'd, and on the frontier lie. Black. PATRON. m. s. [patron, Fr. patronus, Lat.] 1. One who countenances, supports, or protects. Commonly a wretch who supports with insolence, and is paid with flattery. I'll plead for you, as for my patron. Shakesp. Ne'er let me pass in silence Dorset's name; Ne'er cease to mention the continu'd debt, Which the great patron only would forget. Prior. 2. A guardian saint. Thou amongst those saints, whom thou do'st see, Shall be a saint, and thine own nation's friend And patron. Spenser. St. Michael is mentioned as the patron of the Jews, and is now taken by the Christians, as the protector general of our religion. .. Dryden. 3. Advocate; defender; vindicator. We are no Fo of those things; the best defence whereof is speedy redress and amendment. Hooker. Whether the minds of men have naturally inrinted on them the ideas of extension and numer, I leave to those who are the patrons of innate


principles. - ... Locke, 4. One who has donation of ecclesiastical preferment.

For more the patrons than the clerks inflame, Patrons of sense afraid, but not of vice, Or swoli, with pride, or sunk in a varice. Wesley. PA", Rox AGE. m.s.. [from patron.]

1. Support; protection. Lady, most worthy of all duty, how falls it out, that you, in whom all virtue shines, will take the patronage of fortune, the only rebellious handmaid against virtue 2 Sidney. Here's patronage, and here our heart descries, What breaks its bonds, what draws the closer ties, Shows what rewards our services may gain, And how too often we may court in vain. Creech. 2. Guardianship of saints.

From certain passages of the poets, several ships

made choice of some god or other for their guar. dians, as among the Roman Catholicks, every vessel is recommended to the patronage of some particular saint. Addison. 3. Donation of a benefice; right of conferring a benefice. To PATRONAGE. v. a. [from the noun.] To patronise; to protect; a bad word. Dar'st thou maintain the former words thou spak'st’ -Yes, sir, as well as you dare patronage The envious barking of your saucy tongue. Shak. An out-law in a castle keeps, And uses it to patronage his theft. Shakesp. PATRo'NAL. adj. [from patronus, Lat.] Protecting ; supporting; guarding; defending; doing the office of a patron. The name of the city being discovered unto their enemies, their penates and patronal gods might be called forth by charms. Brown. PATRoNEss. n. s. [feminine of patron; patrona, Lat.] 1. A female that defends, countenances, or supports. Of close escapes the aged patroness, Blacker than earst, her sable mantle spred, When with two trusty maids in great distress, Both from mine uncle and my realm I fled. Fairf. All things should be guided by her direction, as the sovereign patroness and protectress of the enterprise. Bacon. Befriend me, night, best patroness of grief, Over the pole thy, thickest mantle throw. Milton. He petitioned his patroness, who gave him for answer, that providence had assigned every bird its proportion. L’Estrange. It was taken into the protection of my patromesses at court. - - Swift. 2. A female guardian saint. To PATRoN is E. v. a. [from patron.] To protect; to support; to defend; to countenance. Churchmen are to be had in due respect for their work sake, and protected from scorn; but if a clergyman be loose and scandalous, he must not be patronised nor winked at. Bacon. All tenderness of conscience against good laws is hypocrisy, and patronised by none but men of design, who look upon it as the fittest engine to get into power. 'outh. I have been esteemed and patronised by the grandfather, the father, and the son. Dryden. PATRONY"Mick. m. s. [wargoyvoo, patronymique, Fr.] Name expressing the name of the father or ancestor: as, Ty

dides the son of Tydeus. It ought to be rendered the son, Tectonides being a patronymick. Brome. PATTEN of a pillar. n.s. Its base. Ains. PATTEN. n.s. [patin, Fr.] A shoe of wood with an iron ring, worn under the common shoe by women, to keep them

from the dirt. Their shoes and pattens are snouted and piked more than a finger long, crooking upwards, which they call crack owes, which were fastened to the knees with chains of gold and silver. Camden Good housewives Underneath th' unbrella's oily shed, Safe through the wet on clinking pattens * rau.

PA'tte NMAKER. n.s. [patten and maker.] He that makes pattens.

To PATTER. v. n. [from putte, Fr. the
foot.] To make a noise like the quick
steps of many feet.
Patt'ring hail comes pouring on the main,
Wen Jupiter descends in harden'd rain. Dryden.
The stealing shower is scarce to patter heard
By such as wander through the forest walks.

PATTERN. m. s. [patron, Fr. patroon, Dut.]

1. The original proposed to imitation; the archetype: that which is to be copied ;

an exemplar. As though your desire were, that the churches of old should be patterns for us to follow, and even glasses wherein we might see the practice of that which by you is gathered out of scripture. Hooker. I will be the pattern of all patience; I will say nothing. Shakesp. King Lear. A pattern to as princes living with her, And all that shall succeed. Shakesp. Henry VIII. The example and pattern of the church of Rome. Clarendon. Lose not the honour you have early won, But stand the blameless pattern of a son. Dryden. Measure the excellency of a virtuous mind; not as it is the copy, but the pattern of regal power. Grew. Patterns to rule by are to be sought for out of good, not loose reigns. Davenant o should be our guide, in our present state of pilgrimage. Atterbury. Christianity commands us to act after a nobler pattern than the virtues even of the most perfect

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1. Fewness; smallness of number. The multitude of parishes, and paucity of schools. Hooker. In such slender corpuscles as those of colour, may easily be conceived a greater paucity of protuberant corpuscles. Boyle. Socrates well understood what he said touching the rarity and paucity of friends. L'Estrange. 2. Smallness of quantity. This paucity of blood is agreeable to many other animals, as lizards, frogs, and other fishes. Brown's Julg, Err. r To PAVE. t. a. [ pavio, Lat. patrr, Fr.] 1. To lay with brick or stone; to floor with stone. Should she kneel down, Her brother's ghost his paved bed would break, And take her hence in horrour. Shakesp. Let not the court be paved, for that striketh up a great heat in summer, and much cold in wiilter, Bacon.

From this chymic flame I see a city of more precious mold, With silver pav'd, and all divine with gold. Dryd. The streets are paved with brick or freestone. Addison. 2. To make a passage easy. It might open and pave a prepared way to his own title. - Bacon. PA'v EMENT. m. s. [pavimentum, Lat.] Stones or bricks laid on the ground; stone floor. I loor is used of stone, but

parement never of wood. The marble pavement closes, he is enter'd Into his radiant roof. Shakesp. Cumbeline. A broad and ample road, whose dust is gold, And pavement stars seen in the galaxy. Milton. The long laborious parement here he treads, That to proud Rome th' admiring nations leads. Addison. The foundation of Roman ways was made of rough stone joined together with cement; upon this was laid another layer, consisting of small stones and cement, to plane the inequalities of the lower stratum in which the stones of the upper pavement were fixed : for there can be no very durable pavement, but a double one. Arbuth. PA'v ER. Un. s. [from pare.] One who PA'v IER. lays with stones. For thee the sturdy paver thumps the ground, Whilst ev'ry stroke his lab'ring lungs resound. Gay.

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To execute upon him; this gentleman Steps in to Cassio, and entreats his pause. Shak. Some pause and respite only I require, Till with my tears I shall have quench'd my fire. Denham. The punishment must always be rigorously exacted, and the blows by pauses laid on till they reach the mind, and you perceive the signs of a true sorrow. Whilst those exalted to primeval light, Only perceive some little pause of joys ln those great moments when their god emplovs Their ministry. Prior. W o pause from woe, what hopes of coufort till The of wise or great 2 Prior. Our discourse is not kept up in conversation, but falls into more pauses and intervals than in out neighbouring countries. Audism.

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PAW. n.s. [paren, Welsh.] 1. The foot of a beast of prey.

One chose his ground, Whence rushing he might surest seize them both, Grip'd in each paw. Milton's Parad. Lost. The bear, that tears the prey, and when pursued, lest he become a prey, goes backward into his den that the hunter rather mistakes, than finds the way of his paw. Holyday. The bee and serpent know their stings, and the bear the use of his paws. More against Atheism. If lions had been brought up to painting, where you have one lion under the feet of a man, you should have had twenty men under the law of a lion. L'Estrange. Each claims possession,

For both their paws are fastened on the prey. Dryden.

2. Hand. In contempt. * Be civil to the wretch imploring, . And lay your paws upon him without *;

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2. To handle roughly. 3. To fawn; to flatter. PA'w ED. adj. [from paw.] 1. Having paws. 3. Broad footed. PAWN. m. s. [pand, Dut. pan, Fr.] 1. Something given to pledge as a security

for money borrowed or promise made. Her oath for love, her honour's pawn. Shakesp. As for mortgaging and pawning, men will not take pawns without use; or they will look for the forfeiture. Bacon. He retains much of his primitive esteem, that abroad his very word will countervail the bond or pairn of another. Howel. Here's the very heart, and soul, and life-blood of Gomez ; pawns in abundance, till the next bribe helps their husbands to redeem them. Dryden's Spanish Fryar, 2. The state of being pledged. Sweet wife, my honour is at pawn, And, but my going, not ing can redeem it. Shak. Redeem from broken pawn the blennish’d crown, Wipe off the dust that hides our sceptre's gilt.Shak. 3. A common man at chess. Here I a pawn admire, That still advancing high'r, At top of all becaue Another thing and name. Cowley. To PAwN. v. a. [from the noun ) To pledge; to give in pledge. It is now seldom used but of pledges given for money.


I hold it cowardice To rest mistrustful, where a noble heart Hath pawn'd an open hand in sign of love. Shakesp. Let's lead him on with a fine baited delay, till he hath pawn'd his horses. Shakesp. I date paten down my life for him, that he hath writ this to feel my affection to your honour. Shakesp. Will you thus break your faith? -I pation d you none : I promis'd you redress Shakesp. Henry IV. I'll pawn the little blood which I have left, To save the innocent. Shakesp. Winter's Tale. lf any thought annoys the gallant youth, Tis dear remembrance of that fatal glance, For which he lately pawn'd his heart. Waller. She who before had mortga-'d her estate, Aud pawn'd the last remaining piece of plate. Dryden. One part of the nation is pawned to the other, with hardly a possibility of being ever redeemed. Swift. PAwNBROKER, n.s. [pawn and broker.]

One who lends money upon pledge.
The usurers or money-changers were a sort of a

scandalous employment at Rome; those money

scriveners seem to have been little better than our airnbrokers. Arbuthnot.

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1. To discharge a debt. It is applied to debts of duty, as well as debts of commerce.

You have done enough, and have perform'd A saint-like sorrow ; and indeed paid down

More penitence, than done trespass. Shakesp.
Your son has paid a soldier's debt;
He only liv'd but till he was a man. Shakesp

She does what she will, say what she will, take all, pay all. Shakesp. Merry Wives of Windsor. The king and prince Then paid their off'rings in a sacred grove To Hercules. Dryden, An hundred talents of silver did the children of Ammon pay. 2 Chronicles xxvii. 5. I have peace-offerings with me , this day.have I paid my vows. Proverbs, vii. 14. 2. f: is opposed to borrow. The wicked borroweth, and payeth not o Psalms. 3. To dismiss one to whom anything is due with his money: as, he had paid his labourers. 4. To atone; to make amends by suffering: with for before the cause of pay

ment. If this prove true, they'll pay for't. . . Shakesp. Bold Prometheus, whose untam’d desire Rival’d the sun with his own heav'nly fire, Now doom'd the Scythian vulture's endless prey, Severely pays for animating clay. Roscommon. Men of parts, who were to act according to the result of their debates, and often pay for their mistakes with their heads, found those scholastick forms of little use to discover truth. Locke. 5. To beat. I follow'd me close, and, with a thought, seven of the eleven I paid. Shakesp. Henry IV. Forty things more, my friends, which you know true, For which, or pay me quickly, or I'll pau you. Ben Jonson. 6. To reward ; to recompense. She I love, or laughs at all my pain, Or knows her worth too well; and pays me with

disdain. Dryden's Knight's Tale.

7. To give the equivalent for something bought.

Riches are consuming less of foreign

ot b commodities, i. what by commodities or labour is paid for. Locke. It is very possible for a man that lives by cheating, to be very punctual in paying for what he buys; but then every one is assureå that he does not do so out of any principle of true honesty. Law.

PAY. n.s. [from the verb.] Wages;

hire; money given in return for service. Come on, brave soldiers, doubt not of the day; And, that once gotten, doubt not of large }. takesp. The soldier is willing to be converted, for there is neither pay nor plunder to be got. , 1,'Estrange. Money, instead of coming over for the pay of the army, has been transmitted thither for the pay of those forces called from thence. Temple. Here only merit constant pay receives, Is Llest in what it takes, and what it gives. Pope. PAYABLE. adj. [paiable, Fr. from pay.] 1. Due : to be paid. The marriage-money, the princess brought, was pauable ten days after the solemnization. Bacon. I he farmer rates or compounds the sums of money payable to her majesty, for the alienation of lands, made without or by licence. Bacon. 2. Such as there is power to pay. To repay by a return equivalent, is not in every one's power; but thanks are a tribute payable b the poorest. §§ PA'Y DAY. m.s. [pay and day.] Day on which debts are to be discharged, or wages paid. Labourers pay away all their wages, and live upon trust till next payday. ke.

PAYER. m. s. [ part ur, . . . . One that pays. PA'Y MASTER. m. s. [ pay an master.] One who is to pay : one from whom wages or reward is received. Howsoever they may bear sail for a time, yet are they so sure paumasters in the end, that few have held out their lives safely. Hauwurd. - If we desire that God should approve us, it is a sign we do his work, and expect him our pavmuster. Taylor. PAYMENT. n.s.. [from pay.] 1. The act of paying. Persons of eminent virtue, when advanced, are less envied, for their fortune seemeth but due unt, them; and no man envieth the payment of a debt. - - - - Bacon. 2. The thing given in discharge of debt or promise. Thy husband commits his body To yo. labour both by sea and land, And craves no other tribute at thy hands But love, fair looks, and true obedience; Too little payment for so great a debt. Shakesp. 3. A reward. Give her an hundred marks. —An hundred marks' by this light I'll ha'more. An ordinary groom is for such payment. , Shakesp. The wages that sin bargains with the sinner, are life, pleasure, and profit; but the wages it pays him with, are death, torment, and destruction : he that would understand the falsehood and deceit of sin thoroughly, must compare its promises and its payments together. ... • South. 4. Chastisement; sound beating. Ainsw. To PAYSE. v. n. [Used by Spenser for

poise.] To balance. Ne was it island then, ne was it pays'd Amid the ocean waves, but all was desolate. Spens. PAYSER. m. s. [for poiser.] One that

weighs. To manage this coinage, porters bear the tine payzers weigh it, a steward, comptroller and receiver keep the account. Caretc. PEA. m. s. [pisum, Lat. pira, Sax. pois, Fr.] A pea hath a papilionaceous flower, and out of his empalement rises the pointal, which becomes a long pod full of roundish seeds; the stalks are fistulous and weak, and seem to perforate the leaves by which they are embraced ; the other leaves grow by pairs along the midrib, ending in a tendril. The species are sixteen 1. The greater garden pea, with white flowers and fruit, 2. Hotspur pea. 3. Dwarf pea. 4. French dwarf pea. 5. Pea with an esculent husk. 6. Sickle pea. 7. Common white pea. 8. Green rouncival pea. 9. Grey pea. 10. Maple rouncival pea, 11. Rose pea, 12. Spanish moretto pea. 13. Marrowfat or Dutch admiral pea, 14. Union pea. 15. Sea pea 16. Pig pea. Miller. PEACE. m. s. [pair, Fr. pair, Lat.] 1. Respite from war. Preserve us in peace, so preserve us in peace, that war may be always more odious to us than necessity. Holyday. The line and Swede, rous’d up to fierce alarms, Bless the wise conduct of her pious arms; Soon as her fleets appear, their terrours cease, And all the northeri, world lies hush'd in peace. Addison. 2. Quiet from suits or disturbances. The king gave judgment against Warren, and commanded that Sherborn should hold his sand in | eace. - Davies. 3. Rest from any commotion.

4. Stilness from riots or tumults. Keep peace upon your lives; he dies that strikes gain. Shakesp. All assembled here in arms against God's peace and the king's, we charge you to repair to }. dwelling places. Shakesp. Shallow, you have yourself been a great fighter, though now a man of peace. Shakesp.

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5. Reconciliation of differences. Let him make peace with me. Isaiah, xxvii. 5. 6. A state not hostile. If I have rewarded evil unto him that was at peace with me, let the enemy persecute my soul. - Psalm vii. 4. There he two false peaces or unities: the one grounded upon an implicit ignorance. Bacon. 7. Rest; quiet ; content; freedom from terrour; heavenly rest. Well, peace be with him that hath made us heavy —Peace be with us, lest we be heavier' Shakesp. Peace be unt, thee, fear not, thou shalt not lie. Judges, vi. 23. The God of hope fill you with all joy and peace in believing, that ye may abound in hope. Romans. Religion directs us rather to secure inward peace than outward ease, to be more careful to avoid everlasting torment than light afflictions. Tulotson. 8. Silence; suppression of the thoughts. 'Twill out;-I peace!. No, I will speak as liberal as the air. Shakesp. In an examination, a freed servant, who had much power with Claudius, very saucily had almost all the words; and, amongst other things, he asked in scorn one of the examinates, who was a freed servant of Scribonianus; I pray, Sir, if Scribonianus had been emperor, what would you have done? he aus wered, I would have stood behind his chair and held iny peace. - Bacon. She said, and held her peace: AEneas went Sad from the cave, Dryden, 9. [In law.] That general security and quiet which the king warrants to his subjects, and of which he therefore avenges the violation; every forcible injury is a breach of the king's peace. PEACE. interjection. A word command

ing silence. Peace! fear, thou comest too late, when already the arm is taken. Sidney. Hark! peace!

It was the owl that shriek'd, the fatal bellman,

Which gives the stern'st good night. Shakesp.
Peace, good reader, do not weep;
Peace, the lovers are asleep. Crashaw.

But peace, I must not quarrel with the will Of highest dispensation. Milton's Agonistes. Silence, ye troubled waves, and thou deep, . . peace! Said then th' omnific word. Milton. I so peace! Perhaps she thinks they are too near of blood. Dry. PEACE-of FERING n. s. [peace and offer.] Among the Jews, a sacrifice or gift offered to God for atonement and reconciliation for a crime or offence. A sacrifice of peace-offering offer without blennish. ... iii. 1. PEA'ce ABLE. adj. [from peace.] 1. Free from war; free from tumult. The reformation of England was introduced in a peaceable manner, by the supreme power in parliameft. Swift. 2. Quiet; undisturbed. The laws were first intended for the reformation of abuses and peaceable continuance of the subject. - Spenser. Lie, Philo, untouch'd on o peaceable shelf, Nor take it aniss, that so little I heed thee; ..I've no envy to thee, and some love to myself, Then why should I answer; since first 1 must read thge. Prior. 3. Not violent; not bloody. The Chaldeans flattered both Caesar and Pompey with long lives and a happy and peaceable death; both which fell out extremely contrary. Hale. 4. Not quarrelsome ; not turblent. The most peaceable way for you, if you do take a thief, is to let him shew himself, and steal out of your company. Shakesp. hese men are peaceable, therefore let the in dwell in the land and trade. Genesis, xxxiv. 21.

PEA'ce ABLENEss. n.s.. [from peaceable.] Quietness; disposition to peace. Plant in us all those precious fruits of piety, justice, and charity, and peaceableness, and bowels of mercy toward all others. Hammond's Fund. PEACEABLY. a 'r. [from peaceable.] 1. Without war; without tumult. To his crown she him restor'd, In which he dy'd, made ripe for death by eld, And after will'd it should to her remain, Who peaceably the same long time did weld. Spens. 2. Without tumults or commotion. The balance of power was provided for, else Pisistratus could never have governed so peacealsy, without changing any of Sulon's laws. Sust. 3. Without disturbance. The |. of Death do make him grin: Disturb him not, let him pass peaceably. Shakesp. PEACEFUL adj. [peace and full.] 1. Quiet; not in war: a poetical word. That rouz'd the Tyrrhene realm with loud alarius, And peaceful Italy involv’d in arms. 2. Pacific; mild. As one disarm’d, his anger all he lost; And thus with peaceful words uprais'd her soon. Milton. The peaceful power that governs love repairs To seas; upon sost vows and silent pray'rs. Dryd. 3. Undisturbed ; still ; secure. Succeeding monarchs heard the subjects' cries, Nor saw displeas'd the proceful cottage rise. Pope. PEACEFULLY. adv. [from peaceful.] 1. Without war. 2. Quietly; without disturbance. Our lov'd earth; where peacefully we slept, And far from heav'n quiet possession kept. Dryd. 3. Mildly; gently. PEACEFULN Ess. n. s. [from peaceful.] Quiet; freedom from war or disturbance. PEACEMAKER. m. s. [peace and maker.] One who reconciles differences. Peace, good queen; And whet not on these too too furious peers, For blessed are the peacemakers. Shakesp. Think us Those we profess, peacemakers,friends,and servants. Shakesp. PEACEPA'RTED. adj. [peace and parted.]

Dismissed from the world in P. We should prophane the service of the dead, To sing a requiem, and such rest to her As to peace parted souls. Shakesp. Hamlet. PEACH. n.s. [pesche, Fr. malum persicum, Lat.] A tree and fruit. September is drawn with a chea ful countenance: in his left hand a handful of millet, withal carrying a cornucopia of ripe peaches, pears, and pomegranates: Peacham. The sunny wall Presents the downy peach. Thomson's Autumn. To PEACH. v. n. [Corrupted from imeach.] To accuse of some crime. If you talk of peaching, I'll peach first, and see whose oath will be believed ; I'll trounce you. - Dryden. PEACH-colou RED. adj. [from peach and colour.] Of a colour like a peach. One Mr. Caper comes to jail at the suit of Mr. 1 hree pile the mercer, for some four suits of each-coloured sattiu, which now {...". him a eggar. Shakesp. Meas, for Meus. PEACH ick. n.s. [pra and chick.] I he chicken of a peacock. Does the suivelling peachick think to make a cuckold of the * Southern. PEA'cock. m. s. [papa, Sax. pavo, Lat.] Of this word the etymology is not

known: perhaps it is peak cock, from


the tuft of feathers on its head; the peak of women being an ancient ornament: if it be not rather a corruption of beaucoq, Fr. from the more striking lustre of its spangled train.] A fowl eminent for the beauty of his feathers,

and particularly of his tail. Let frantick Talbot triumph for a while; Aud, like a peacock, sweep along his tail. Shakey, The birds that are hardest to be drawn, are the tau:e birds; as cock, turky-cock and peacock. - Peuchum, The peacock, not at thy command, assumes His glorious train; nor ostrich her rare plunoSoodoo. The peacock's plumes thy tackle must not sail, Nor the dear purchase of the sable's tail. G.u. PEA HEN. m. s. [pea and hon ; para, Lat.) The female of the peacock. PEAK. m. s. [peac, Sax. pique, pic, Fr.] 1. The top of a hill or eminence. Thy sister seek, Or on Meander's bank or Latimus' peak. 2. Any thing acuminated. 3. The rising forepart of a head-dress. To PEAR. v. n. [pequeno, Span, little, perhaps lean : but I believe this word has some other derivation : we say a withered man has a sharp face; Falstaff dying, is said to have a nose as sharp es a pen: from this observation, a sickly man is said to peak or grow acuminated, from pique.] 1. To look sickly. Weary se’nnights, nine times nine, Shall he dwindle, peak, and pine. Shakesp. Much. 2. To make a mean figure; to sneak. I, a dull and muddy mettled rascal, peak, Like John a dreams, unpregnant of my o Shult The peaking cornuto her husband, dwelling in a continual larum of jealousy, comes me in the instant of our encounter. Sharp.

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