in service high and anthems cleai,

August shall bear the form of a young man, of The peartree criticks will have to borrow hit Ås may, with sweetness thruugh mine ear, a choleric aspect, upon his arm a basket of pears, name of a fire.

Bacon Dissolve me into extasies,

plums, and apples.

Peachum. PEA'SANT. n. s. (paisant, Fr.] A hind; And bring all heav'n before mine eges. Milton.

The juicy pear
The pealing organ, and the pausing choir ; Lies in a soft profusion scatter'd round. Thomson.

one whose business is rural labour. And the last words, that dust tu dusi culivey'd.

He holdeth himself a gentleinan, and scornett
PEARCH. n. s. ( pertica, Lat.]

to work, which, he saith, is the life of a peasenit us T. PEAL. v. a. 1. A long pole for various uses.


Spenser, 1. To assail with noise. 2. A kind of fish.

I had rather coin my heart, than wring

From the hard hands of peasants their vile trash.
Nor was his ear less peal'd
PEARCH-Stone. n. s. [from pearch and

Shakesp. With noises loud and ruinous, than when Bellona stone.] A sort of stone.

The poor peasants in the Alpine countries, distorms, fith all her batt'ring engines, bent to rase PEARL. n. s. ( perle, Fr. perla, Span. sup

vertised themselves in the fields, and after the

labour, would be lively and brisk. Sume capital city. Milton's Par. Lost. posed by Salmasius to come from sphe

Brown's Travels. 2. To stir with some agitation: as, to peal rula, Lat.]

"Tis difficult for us, who are bred up with the same

infirmities about us with which we were born, to the pot, is when it boils to stir the liquor 1. Pearls, though esteemed of the number

raise our thoughts and imaginations to those irrtherein with a ladle. Ainsworth. of gems by our jewellers, are but a dis.

tellectual perfections that attended our nature in PEAR. n. s. ( poire, Fr, pyrum, Lat.]

temper in the creature that produces the time of innocence, as it is for a peasant bred 11p The species are eighty-four : 1. Little musk them: the fish in which pearls are most

in the obscurities of a cottage, to fancy in his mini the unscen splendours of a court.

South pear, commonly called the supreme. 2. The Chio frequently found is the East Indian berbes The citizens bring two thousand inen, with pear, commonly called the little bastard musk

or pearl oyster : others are found to pro

which they could make head against twelve thoupear. 3. The hasting pear, commonly called the

sand peasants.

Addison. green chissel. 4. The red muscadelle ; it is also duce pearls; as the common oyster, the called the fairest. 5. The little muscat. 6. The

Peasants; rusticks ; jargonelle. 7. The Windsor pear. 8. The orange

muscle, and various other kinds; but Pea'SANTRY. n. s. musk.

country people.
9. Great blanket. 10. The little blanket
the Judian pearls are superior to all :

How many then should cover, that stand bare ? pear. 11. Long stalked blanket pear. 12. The

some pearls have been known of the size

How much low peasantry would then be gleaned skinless pear. 13. The musk robin pear. 14. The musk drone pear. 15. The green orange pear.

of a pigeon's egg; as they increase in From the true seed of honour? how much honour 16. Cassolette. 17. The Magdalene pear. 18. The size, they are less frequent and more va

Pickt from the chaff? Shakesp. Merch. of Venice.

The peasantry in France, under a much heavier great onion pear. 19. The August muscat. 20. lued; the true shape of the pearl is a pressure of want and poverty than the day-laThe rose peat. 21. The perfumed pear. 22. The

perfect round; but some of a considerasummer lon chrétien, or good christian. 23. Sal.

bourers of England of the reformed religion, un

derstood it much better than those of a higher viati. 24. Rose water pear. 25. The choaky pear. ble size are of the shape of a pear, and

condition among us.

Locke. 26. The russselet pear. 27. The prince's pear. 28. serve for ear-rings.

Hill. The great mouth water pear. 29. Summer burga

A pearl julep was made of a distilled milk. PEA'SCOD. / n. s. ( pea, cod and shell.] mot. 30. The Autumn burgamot. 31. The Swiss burgamot. 32. The red butter pear.

Wiseman. PEA'SHELL.) The husk that contains 33 The

Flow'rs purfled, blue and white, dean's pear, 34. The long green pear ; it is called

peas. Like saphire, pearl, in rich embroidery. the Autuinn month water pear. $5. The white and Buckled below fair knighthood's bending knee

Thou art a sheal'd peascod. Shakesp. King Lear. grey monsieur John. 36. The flowered muscat.


I saw a green caterpillar as big as a small peas37. The vine pear. 38. Rousseline pear. 39. The


Il'alton. Cataracts pearl coloured, and those of the cokhave's pear. 40. The green sugar pear. 41. The lour of burnished iron, are esteemed proper to

As peuscods once I pluck’d, I chanc'd to see marquis's pear. 42. The burnt cat; it is also call

endure the needle.


One that was closely fill'd with three times three.
I o'er the door the spell in secret laid.

Gay. is so called from Heri, which is a forest in Bre: 2. [Poetically.] Any thing round and clear, Pease. n. s. (Pea, when it is mentioned as tagne between Bennes and Nantz, where this as a drop. pear was found. 44. The crasane, or burgamot

Dropping liquid pearl,

a single body, makes peas; but when crasane; it is also called the flat butter pear. 45. Before the cruel queen, the lady and the girl

spoken of collectively, as food or a speThe lansac, or dauphin pear. 46. The dry martin. Upon their tender knees begg'd mercy. Drayton. cies, it is called pease, anciently peason; 47. The villain of Anjou ; it is also called the tulip pear and the great 'orange. 48. The large Pearl. n.

s. [albugo, Lat.] A white

pisa, Sax. pois, Fr. piso, Ital. pisum, stalked pear. 49. The Amadot pear. 50. Little speck or film growing on the eye. Ainsw. Lat.) Food of pease. lard pear. 51. The good Lewis pear. 52. The PEA'RLED. adj. (from pearl.] Adorned or Sowe peason and beans in the wane of the moon; Colmar pear; it is also called the manna pear and the late burgamot. 53. The winter long green set with pearls.

Who soweth them sooner, he soweth too soone.

Tusser. pear, or the landry wilding. 54. La virgoule,

The water nymphs

Pease, deprived of any aromatic parts, are mild or la virgoleuse. 55. Poire d'Ambrette; this is Held up their pearled wrists, and took her in,

and demulcent; but, being full of aeriel partiso called from its musky flavour, which resembles Bearing her straight to aged Nereus' hall. Milton.

cles, are flatulent.

Arbuthnot. the smell of the sweet sultan Aower, which is Pea'rleyed. adj. [ pearl and eye.] Hav- Peat. n. 8. A species of turf used for fire. called Ambrette in France. 56. The winter thurn pear. 57. The St. Germain pear, or the ing a speck in the eye.

Turf and peat, and cowsheards, are cheap fuels unknown of la Fare ; it being first discovered up- PEA'RLGRASS.

and last long.

Bacim's Nat. Hist. on the banks of a river called by that name in the


Plants. Ainsw.

Carew, in bis survey of Cornwall, mentions parish of St. Germain 58. The St. Augustine.

nuts found in peat earth two miles east of St. 59. The Spanish bon chrétien. 60. The pound PEA'RLWORT.


I'oodward. 61. The wilding of Cassoy, a forest in Pea'RLY. adj. [from pearl.]

Peat. n. s. (from petit, Fr.] A little fondBrittany, where it was discovered. 62. The lord Martin pear. 63. The winter citron pear;

1. Abounding with pearls ; containing ling; a darling; a dear play thing. It it is also called the musk orange pear in some pearls.

is now commonly called pet. places. 64. The winter rosselet. 65 The gate Some in their pearly shells at ease, attend

A pretty peat! it is best put finger in the eye, peur: this was discovered in the province of Moist nutriment.

Alilton's Par. Lost. An she knew why. Shakesp. Taming of the Shrew. Poictou, wiere it was much esteemer. 66. Ber2. Resembling pearls.

A citizen and his wife gamotte Bugi: it is also called the Easter burga

Both riding on one horse, upon the way 67. The winter bon chrétien pear.

Which when she heard, full pearly fools 68.

Donne, I in her eyes might view. Catillac or cadillac. 69. La pastourelle. 70. The

I overtook the wench a pretty peat.

Drayton. double fi.wering pear. 71. St. Martial ; it is

'Tis sweet the blushing morn to view,

PEBBLE. n. s. [pæbolstana, a'so called the angelic pear. The wilding of

And plains adorn'd with pearly dew. Dryden. ¡ PEBBLESTONE.Sax.] A stone disChaumontelle. 73. Carmelite. 74. The union For what the day devours, the nightly dew pear. 75. The aurate.

tinct from flints, being not in layers, but 76. The fine present;

Shall to the morn in pearly drops renew. Drylen. it is also called St. Sampson. 77. Le rousselet de

Another was invested with a pearly shell, hav in one homogeneous mass, though someReims. 78. The summer thorn pear. 79. The

ing the sutures finely displayed upon its surface.


times of many colours. Popularly a egne pear; so called from the figure of its fruit, *hich is shaped like an egg.

small stone. 80 The orange PEARMAI'N. N. S.

An apple. tulip pear. 81. La mansuette. 82. The German Pearmain is an excellen: and well known fruit.

Through the midst of it ran a sweet brook, muscat. 83. The Holland burgamot. 81. The pear


which did hoth hold the eye open with her azure of Naples. Miller: PEAʼrtree. n.s. (pear and tree.] The

streams, and yet seek to close the eye with the They would whip me with their fine wits, till

purling noise it made upon the pebble-stones it ran I were as crest fallen as a dried pear, Shakesp. tree that bears pears.

Sidney VOL. II.


n. S.





great deal.

T ne bishop and the duke of Glo'ster's men, 1. The fourth part of a bushel.

PECU'LIAR. adj. (peculiaris, from pecto Forbidden late to carry any weapon,

Burn our vessels, like a new

lium, Lat. pecule, Fr.] Have tilld their pochets füll of pebble-stones. Shak.

Sealt peck or bushel, for being true. Hudibras. Suddenly a file of boys delivered such a shower

To every hill of ashes, some put a peck of un

1. Appropriate ; belonging to any one with of pebbles loose slut, that I was fain to draw mine

slached lime, which they cover with the ashes till exclusion of others. Aoniour in.


raiu stacks the lime, and then they spread them. I agree with Sir William Temple, that the word You may see pel.bles gathered together, and a

Mortimer's Husbandry. humour is peculiar to our English tungue ; but crust of cement i elscen them, as hard as the

He drove about his turnips in a cart;

not that the thing itself is peculiar to the Englisti, pebbles.


And from the sanue machine sold pecks of pease. because the contrary may be found in many Spa Collecting toys,

King nish, Italian, and French productions. Suvi As children gath'ring pebbles on the shore. Milton, 2. Proverbially. [In low language.] A 2. Not common to other things. Winds murmur'd through the leaves your lung delay;

The only sacred hymns they are that christianity And fountains o’er the pebbleschid your stay. Drud. Her finger was so sınall, the ring

hath peculiar une itself, the other being songs Dinther body, that liath only ine reseinblanice Would not stay on which they did bring;

100 vif praise and of ihanksgiving, but soli of an ordinary pebbie, shall yield a metallic and It was too wide a peck;

whicrewith as we serve Gud, so the Jews likewise. valuable matte:. Iloodward. It look'd like the great collar just

Hooler, PEBBLE CRYSTAL. 1. $.

About our young colt's neck.

Suelling. One peculiar Nation to select

Frou all the rest, of horn to be invok'd. Milti The crystal, in forin of nodules, is found lodged To PECK. v. 4. (berquer, fr. picken,

Space and duration being ideas that have sutue. in ile earthy strata left in a train by the water de

Dut.] parting at the conclusion of the deluge: this sort: 1. To strike with the beak as a bird.

thing very abstruse and peculiar in their nature,

the comparing the in one with another may be of called by the lapidaries pellie-crystul, is in shape

use for their illustration,

lacke irregular.

Ilooduurd. 2. To pick up food witli the beak. PEBBLED. adj. [from pebble.] Sprinkled She was his only joy, and he hier juride,

3. Particular ; single. To join most with or abounding with pebbles.

She, when he walk'd, went pecking by his side. peculiar, though found in Dryden, is

This balik fair spreading in a pebbled shore.

Can any thing be more surprising, than to con-

I neither fear, nor will provoke the war ; si ter Cicero observing, with a religious attention, PEBPLY. adj. [from pebble.] full of

Dryden, after what manner the chickens pecked the grains

My fale is Juno's most peculiar care. pebbles.

of corn thrown them?

Addison. PECUʻLIAR. n. s. Strow'd bibulous above I see the sands, 3. To strike with any pointed instrument. 1. The property ; the exclusive property. The pebbly grave next.

Thomson. With a pick ax of iron about sixteen inches By tincture or reflection, they augment PECCABILITY. n. s. [from pe cable.] State long, sharpened at the one end to peck, and flat Their small peculiar.

Milton's Par, Last. headed at the other to drive liule iron wedges to Revenge is so absolutely the peculiar of Heaven, of being subject to sin.

cleave rocks.

Carew's Survey of Cornwall. that no consideration whatever can impower even Where te conmon precability of mankind is

the best men to assume the execution of it. Sruth. urged to induce conserativ wwwards the 4. To strike; to make blows. fenders: it ibis be of furce in sin, kliere the con Two contrary factions, both inveterate enemies 2. Something abscinded from the ordinacurrence of the will renders the person inore in:

of our church, which they are perpetually pecking ry jurisdiction. excusable, it will stirely bold much more in bare and striking at with the same malice. South.

Certain peculiars there are, sonne appertaining to error which is purely involuntary. Decay of Piety.

They will make head against a common enemy, the dignities of the cathedral church at Exon. whereas mankind lie pecking at one another, till

Сатер. . PECCABLE, adj. [from pecco, Lat.] Li they are torn to pieces.

L'Estrange. Some peculiars exempt from the jurisdiction of able to sin. 6. The following passage is perhaps more the bishops.

Lesley. PECCADILLO. 1. s. (Spanish; peccadille, properly written to pick, to throw.) PECULIARITY. n. s. [from peculiar.] ParFr.) A petty fault; a slight crime; a

Get up o' th' rail, I'll peck you o'er the pales ticularity; something found only in one. else.

Shakesp. venial offence.

If an author possessed any distinguishing marks PECKER. n. s. [from peck.] He means those little vices, which we call follies

of style or peculiarity of thinking, there would reand the defects of the human understanding, or 1. One that pecks.

maili in his least successful writings some few dat most the peccadillos of life', rather than the tra- 2. A kind of bird : as, the wood pecker.

kens whereby to discover him.

Swift. gical vices to which meu are hurried by their uu The titmouse and the peckers hungry brood,

Pecu’LIARLY. adv [from peculiar.] ruly passions.

Dryden. Tis low ebb with his accusers, when sucli pec.

And Progne with her bösum stail'd in blood. 1. Particularly ; singly.

Dryden. cadillos as these are put in to swell the charge.

That is peculiarly the effect of the sun's varis Pe'cKLED. adj. [corrupted from speckled.] tion.

Woodward Atterbury. PECCANCY. n. s. [from peccant.] Bad

Spotted ; varied with spots.

2. In a manner not common to others. quality.

Some are peckled, some greenish. Walton's Angler. Thus Tivy boasts this beast peculiarly her own. Apply refrigerants without any preceding, evaPectI'NAL. n. s. [from pecten, Lat. a

Drayton. cuation, because the disease took its original comb.]

When his danger encreased, he then thought merely from the disaffection of the part, and not

Feil. There are other fishes whose eyes regard the

fit to pray peculiarly for him. from ihe peccancy of the humours. Wiseman. heavens, as plain and cartilaginous fishes, as pec- PECU'NIARY. adj. ( pecuniarius, from pePE'CCANT. adj. [ peccant, Fr. peccans,

tinals, or such as have their bones made laterally cunia, Lat. pecuniaire, Fr.]
like a comb.


1. Relating to money, PE'CTINATED. adj. [from pecten.) Stand

Their impostures delude not only unito pect1. Guilty ; criminal.

ing from each other like the teeth of a

niary defraudations, but the irreparable deceit of From them I will not hide comb.


Brown. My judgments, how with mankind I proceed ; As low with peccant angels late they saw. Milton.

To sit cross-legg'd or with our fingers pecti- 2. Consisting of money. That such a peccant creature should disapprove

mater, is accounted bad. Brown's Vulg. Err. Pain of infamy is a severer punishment upon and repent of every violation of the rules of just PECTINA’TION. n. s. The state of being ingenuous natures than a pecun'ary mulct. Bacon. and honest, this right reason could not but infer. pectinated.

The injured person might take a pecuniary
South's Sermons.
The complication or pectination of the fingers

niulct by way of atonement.

Brovinz. 2. Ill disposed ; corrupt; bad; offensive to was an bieroglyphic of impediment. Brown. Pep. n. s. [commonly pronounced pud.]

the body; injurious to health. It is PECTORAL. adj. [from pectoralis, Lat.] 1. A small packsaddle. A ped is much chiefly used in medical writers. Belonging to the breast.

shorter than a pannel, and is raised beWith laxatives preserve your body sound,

Being troubled with a cough, pectorals were

fore and behind, and serves for small And purge the peccant humours that abound.Dry. prescribed, and he was thereby relieved. I'iseman. Suches have the bile peccant or deficient are PECTORAL. n.s. (pectorale, Lat. pectoral,

relieved by bitiers, which are a sort of subsidiary

A pannel and wanty, packsaddle and ped.
Fr.) A breast-plate.

Tusser 3. Wrong; bad ; cleficient; unformal,

PECULATE. In. s. (peculatus, Lat. pe-2. A basket; a hamper. Nor is the party cited bound to appear, if the PECULA'TION. } culat, Fr.] Robbery of

A hask is a wicker ped, wherein they use to citation be peccani in form or matter. Ayliffc. the public; theft of public money,

Spenser. Peck. n. s. [from pocca, or perhaps from Pecula’TOR. . 8. [ peculator, Lat.] Rob- PEDAGO'GICAL. adj. [from pedagogue.] fat a vessel. Skinner.] ber of the publick.

Suiting or belonging to a schoolmaster.

carry fish.

And poverty.

1. PEDAGOGUE. n. s. (pedagogus, Lat. From the universities the young nobility are PE'DLERY. adj. [from pedler.] Wares solu παιδαγωγός, παις and άγω.] One who

sent fo: fear of contracting any airs of pedantry by
a college educacion.


by pedlers. teaches boys ; a schoolmaster ; a pedant. To PE'DDLE. v. n. To be busy about

The sufferings of those of my rank are trifle: Few pedagogues but curse the barreu chair, trifles. Ainsworth. It is commonly writ

in comparison of what ail those are who travel Like him who hang'd himself fur niere despair

with fishi, poultry, pedlery ware to sell. Sarith Dryden. ten piddle : as, what piduling work is PEDDLING. adj. Petty dealing ; such as To PEDAGOGU E. v. a. [trandaywyéw, from liere.

pedlers have. the noun.] To teach with supercilious- Pedere'ro. n. s. (p drero, Span, from So sliglit a pleasure I may part with, and find

110 miss; this peddling profit I may resign, and ness, piedra a stone with which they charged

'twill be no breach in my estate. Decay of Piety This may confine their sounger stiles,

it.] A small cannon managed by a swi- PE'DOBAPTISM. n.s. (tráidos and Bazlooma. Whom Dryden pedagogies at Will's : But never cou'd be meant to tie vel. It is frequently written paterero. Infant baptism.

Dici. Authentick wits, like you and I. Prior. Pe'destal. n. s. ( piedestal, Fr.]. The PedoBA'PTIST. n. 8. [Téid@ and Barbuons] PEDAGOGY. n. s. (Fardaywyía.] Prepara lower member of a pillar; the basis of a One that holds or practises infant baptory discipline. statue.

tism. The old sabbath appertained to the pedagogy

The poet bawls, asid rudiments of the law; and therefore when the And shakes the statues and the pedestals. Dryden.

To Peel. v. a. ( peler, Fr. from pellis, great master came and fulfilled all that was pre In the centre of it was a grim idol; the fore Lat.) gared by it, it then ceased.


part of the pedestal was curiously embossed with 1. To decorticate ; to flay. In time the reason of men ripening to such a a triumph.

Addison. pitch, as to be above the perdagogy of Moses's rod So stitt, so mute! some statue would you swear

The skilful shepherd peeld me certain wands, and the discipline of types, God thought fit to dis

And stuck them up before the fulsome ewes.Shak. Stept from its pedestal to take the air. Pope. play the substance without the shadow. South’s Ser. Pepe'sTRious. adj. [ pedestris, Lat.] Not

2. [from piller to rob.] To plunder. AcPĒDAL. adj. ( pedalis, Lat.) Belonging to

cording to analogy this should be writa foot.

winged; going on foot.

ten pill.

Men conceive they never lie down, and enjoy PEDALS. n. s. ( pedalis, Lat. pedales, Fr.] not the position of rest, ordained unto all pedestri

Who once just and temp'rate conquer'd well,

Brown. ous animals.

But govern ill the nations under yoke, The large pipes of an organ: so called

Peeling their provinces, exhausted all because played upon and stopt with the PE'Dicle. n. s. [from pedis, Lat. pedicule, But lust and rapine. Milton's Paradise Regained. foot.

Dict. Fr.] The footstalk, that by which a leaf Lord-like at ease, with arbitrary pow'r, or fruit is fixed to the tree.

To peel the chiefs, the people to devour ; PEDA'NEOUS. adj. ( pedaneus, Lat.] Going

These, traitor, are thy talents.

Dryden. on foot.


The cause of the holding green, is the close and PEEL. n. s. [ pellis, Lat. pelure, Fr.] The PEDANT. n. s. ( pedant, Fr.]

compact substance of their leaves and pedicles.

Bacon. skin or thin rind of any thing. 1. A schoolmaster.

Pedi'cuLAR. adj. [ pedicularis, Lat. pedi- Peel. n. s. (puelle, Fr.] A broad thin A perant that keeps a schvol i' th' church. Shak.

culaire, Fr.] Having the phthiriasis or board with a long handle, used by bakers The boy who scarce has paid his entrance down


luusy distemper. To lis proud pedant, or declin'd a noun. Dryden.

to put their bread in and out of the oven. 2. A man vain of low knowledge; a man PEDIGREE. n. s. [per and degré. Skin- Pee'LER. N. s. (from peel.] awkwardly ostentatious of his literature. ner.] Genealogy; lineage; account of 1. One who strips or flays. The pedant can hear nothing but in favour of descent.

2. A robber ; a plunderer. the cunccits he is amorous of

Glanville. I am no herald to enquire of men’s pedigrees, Yet otes with her sucking a peeler is found, The preface has so much of the pedant, and so it sutliceth me if I know iheir virtues.


Both ill to the maister and worse to some ground. little of the conversation of men in it, that I shall You tell a pedigree

Tusser. pass it over.

Addison. Of threescore and two years, a silly time. Shakesp. As 'tis a peeler of land, sow it upon lands that In learning let a nymph delight, Alterations of simnames, which in foriner ages

are rauk.

Mortimer. The pedant gets a mistress by’t.

Swift. have been very common, have obscured the truth To PEEP. v. n. [This word has no etyPursuit of fame with pedants fills our schools, of our pedigrees, that it will be no little labour to And into coxcombs burnishes our fools. Young deduce many of them

Camden. mology, except that of Skinner, who dePEDA'NTICK. adj. (pedantesque, Fr. To the old heroes lience was giv'n

rives it from ophessen, Dutch, to lift up:

PEDA'NTICAL. S from pedant.] Awk-
A pedigree which reach'd to heav'n.

and of Casaubon, who derives it from wardly ostentatious of learning.

The Jews preserved the pedigrees of their seve

ral tribes, with a more scrupulous exactness than Órimeuling a spy; perhaps it may come Mr. Cheeke had eloquence in the Latin and any other nation.

Atterbury. from pip, pipio, Latin, to cry as young Greek tulgues; but for other sufficiences pedantick PE'VIMENT. n. s. I pedis, Lat.] In archienough. Hayward.

birds: when the chickens first broke the When we see any thing in an old satyrist that tecture, an ornament that crowns the or shell and cried, they were said to begin looks forced and pedantick, we ought to consider donances, finishes the fronts of buildings, how it appeared in the time the poet writ. Addison.

to pip or peep; and the word that exThe obscurity is brought over them by igno

and serves as a decoration over gates, pressed the act of crying, was by misrance and age, made yet more obscure by their windows, and niches: it is ordinarily of take applied to the act of appearing that pedantiek elucidators.

a triangular form, but sometimes makes

was at the same time: this is offered till A spirit of contradiction is so pedantick and Hateful, that a man should watch against every

the arch of a circle.

Dict. something better may be found.] instance of it.

Watts. PE’DLER. n. s. [a petty dealer; a contrac- 1. To make the first appearance, We now believe the Copernican systein ; yet

tion produced by frequent use.] One She her gay painted plumes disordered, we shall still use the popular ternis of sun-rise and sunset, and not introduce a new pedantick descripwho travels the country with small com

Seeing at last herself from danger rid, tion of them from the motion of the earth. Bentley.

Peeps forth and soon renews her native pride.Spens. modities.

Your youth PEDANTICALLY. adv. (from pedantical.] All as a poor pedler he did wend,

And the true blood, which pecps forth fairly With awkward ostentation of literature. Bearing a trusse of trifles at his backe;

through it, The earl of Roscommon has excellently renderAs belles and babies and glasses in his packe.Spens. Do plainly give you out au unstain'd shepherd.

Shakesp elit; tou fai:hfully is, indeed, pedantically, 'tis a

If you did but hear the pedler at the door, you faith like that which proceeds from superstition.

would never dance again after a tabor and pipe. England and France miglit through their amity Dryden.

Shakesp. Breed him some prejudice ; for from this league

Peep'd harms that menac'd him.
He is wit's pedler, and retails his wares

Shakesp PEDANTRY. n. s. (pedanterie, Fr.] Awk At wakes and wassals, meetings, markets, fairs.

I can see his pride ward ostentation of needless learning.

Peep through each part of hin.

Shakesp 'Tis a practice that savours much of peduntry, a Had sly Ulysses at the sack

T'he tim'rous maiden-blossoms on each bough Teserve of puerility we have not shaken off from Of Troy brought thee his pedler's pack.Cleaveland. Peept forth from their first blushes; so that now school.

Brown. A narrow education may beget among some of A thousand ruddy hopes smil'd in each bud, Horace has enticed me into this pedantry of quo the clergy in possession such contempt for all in And flatter'd every greedy eye that stood.Crashar tation.

Cowley. novators, as merchants have for pedlers. Swift. With words not hers, and more than hund Make us believe it, if you cau: it is in Latin, Atlas was so exceeding strong,

sound, if I may he allowed the pedantry of a quotation, He bore the skice upon his back,

She makes th' obedient ghosts peep tremblin, nima periuadebis, etiamsi persuaseris. Addison. Just as a pedler dues his pack.


Roscomm.ON through the ground,

Earth, but not at once, her visage rears,
Oh! what is man, great maker of mankind !

Hesperus, that led
And peeps upon the seas from upper grounds. Dryul That thou to him so great respect do'st bear! The starry host, rude brightest; till the moon,
Fair as the face of nature did appear,

That thou adorn'st him with so bright a mind, Rising in cloudy majesty, s. length, When flowers first peep'd, and trees did blossoms Mak'st him a king, and ev'n an angel's peer Dav. Apparent queen, unveil'd he: peerless light. Milers lear, 2. One equal in excellence or endow

Such musick worthiest were to blaze And winter had not yet defornu'd th' inverted

The peerless light of her or mortal praise,

ments. year.

Whose lustre leads us. Printing and letters had just peeped abroad in All these did wise Ulysses lead, in counsel peer Her dress, her shape, hi, matchless grace, the world, and the restorers of learning wrote

to Jove.

Chapman. Were all observ'd, as well as hearinly face, very eagerly against one another. Atterbury, In song he never had his peer,

With such a peerless majesty she, Though but the very white end of the sprout From sweet Cecilia down to chanticleer. Dryden. As in that day she took the crown).

Drudra perp out in the outward part of the couch, break 3. Companion ; fellow.

Pee'RLESSNESS. n. s. [from peerless it open, you will find the sprout of a greater largeness. Mortimer's Husbandry.

He all his peers in beauty did surpass. Spenser.
If you did mowe to night,

Universal superiority.
So pleas'd at first the tow'ring Alps we try,
In the dances, with what spight

PEEVISH. adj. (This word Junius, with
And the first clouds and mountains seem the last;
But those attain'd, we tremble to survey

Of your peers you were behield,
Thai at every motion swell’d. Ben Jonson.

more reason than he commonly discoThe growing lahours of the lengthen d way;

Whio bear the bows were knights in Arthur's vers, supposes to be formed by corrupTh' increasing prospect tires our wand'ring eyes,

reign, Hills peep o'er hills, and Alps on Alps arise. Pope.

tion from perox rese; Skinner rather deTwelve they, and twelve the peers of Charlemagne. Most souls but peep out once an age,

rives it from breish, as we say waspishj

Dryden Dull sullen pris’ners in the body's cage. Pope.

4. A nobleman, as distinct from a com- (1. Petulant; waspish ; easily offended ; ir2. To look slily, closely, or curiously; to moner; of nobility we have five degrees, ritable ; irascible; soon angry ; perverse; look through any crevice.

who are all nevertheless called peers, morose ; querulous ; full of expressions Who is the same, which at my window peeps.

because their essential privileges are the of discontent; hard to please.
Spenser. same.

jhe is peevish, sullen, fruward,
Come, thick night!
I see thee compast with thy kingdon's peers,

jud, disobedient, stubborn, lacking duty.Shak.
That my keen kuife see not the wound it makes;
Nor heav'n peep through the blanket of the dark,
That speak my salutation in their minds:

If thou hast the metal of a king, Hail, king of Scotland ! Shakesp. Macbeth. Being wrong'd as we are by this peevish town, To cry bold

Shakesp. Macbeth. Nature hath fram'd strange fellows in her time;

kirig Henry's peers and chief nobility

Turn thou .be mouth of thy artillery, Destroy'd themselves, and lost the realm of As we will ours, against these saucy walls Shakesp. Some that will evermore peep through their eyes,



Neither will it be tire or peevish invective to And laugh like parrots at a bag-piper. Shakesp.

Be just in all you say, and all you do;

affirm, that infidelity and rice are not much die A foul will peep in at the door. Ecclu. xxi. 23. Whatever be your birth, you're sure to be


Swin The trembling leaves through which he play'd,

A peer of the first magnitude to me. Dappling the walk with light and shade,

Dryden. 2. Expressing discontent, or fretfulness. Like lattice-windows give the spy To PEER. v. n. [By contraction from ap

For what can breed more peevish incongruities, Room but to peep with half an eye.


Than man to yield to female lamentations? Siuney.
All doors are shut, no servant peeps abroad,
While others outward went on quick dispatch.,
1. To come just in sight.

I will not presume

To send such peevish tokens to a king. Shakery.
As the sun breaks through the darkest clouds,

Those deserve to be doubly laughed at, tilat
The daring flames peept in, and saw from far
So honour peereth in the meaniest habit. Shakesp.

are peevish and angry for nothing to no purpose. The awful beauties of the sacred quire; Yet inany of your horsemen peer,

L'Estrange. But since it was prophan'd by civil war,

And gallop o'er the field. Shakesp. Hen. V.
Heav'n thought it fit to have it purg'd by fire. Dryd.

Ev'n through the hollow eyes of death Pee'vishly. adv. (from peevish.] Angri-
From each tree
I spy life peering.

The feather'd people look down to peep on me. Dry

See how his gorget peers above his gown,

ly; querulously ; morosely. Those rernote and vast bodies were formed not To tell the people in what danger he was.Ben Jon. He was so peevishly opinionative and proud. hat merely to be peept at through an optick glass. 2. To look narrowly; to peep.

he would neither ask nor hear the advice of any. Bentley's Sermons. Now for a clod-like hare in form they peer,

Have . O, my muse, just distance keep ; Now bolt and cudgel squirrels leap do move,

PEE'VISHNESS. n. 8. (from peevish.] Ir Thou art a maid, and must not peep.

Prior. Now the ambitious lark' with mirrour clear In vain his little children peeping out

scibility ; querulousness; fretfulness; They catch, while he, fool! to himself makes love. Into the mingling storm, deinand their sire. Thoms.


perverseness. Hell itself will pass away,

Some miscarriages in government might escape Peep. n. 8.

And leave her dolorous mansion to the peering day. through the peevishness of others; envyin, the pub1. First appearance: as, at the and

Milon. lick should be managed without thenu. K. Charles peep first break of day.

Peering in maps for ports, and piers, and roads, It will be an unpardonable, as well as childish
And every object that might make me fear

peevishness, if we undervalue the advantages of 2. A sly look.

Misfortune to my ventures.

our knowledge, and neglect to improve it. Locke,

You may find Would not one think, the almanackmaker was Pee'RAGE. n. s. [ pairie, Fr. from peer.] Nothing but acid left behind : crept out of his grave to take t'other peep at the 1. The dignity of a peer.

From passion you may then be freed, stars?

His friendships he to few confin'd;

When peevishness and spleen succeed. Suitto Pee'PER. n. s. Young chickens just break

No fools of rank or mongrel breed,

Peg. n. s. ( pegghe, Teut.}

Who fain would pass for lords indeed ; ing the shell.

Where titles give no right or power,

1. A piece of wood driven into a hole, Dishes I chuse, though little, yet genteel; And peerage is a wither'd flower,

Swift. which does the office of an iron nail Snails the first course, and peepers crown the meal. 2. The body of peers. Bramst.

Solid bodics foreshew rain; as buses and pegs Not only the penal laws are in force against

of wood, when they draw and wind hard. Bacon . Pee'PHOLE. n. s. ( peep and hole.] papists, and their number is contemptible, but The teeth are about thirty in each jaw ; all of Pee'PINGHOLE.) Hole through which

also the peerage and commons are excluded from them claviculares or peg teeth, not much unlike one may look without being discovered. Pee'RDOM. n. s. [from peer.] Peerage.

Dryden. the tusks of a mastitf.


If be be cholerick, we shall treat him like his The fux spied him through a peeping hole he had


little friend, and hang him upon a peg till lie found out to see what news. L'Estrange.

comes tu himself.

Addison By the peepholes in his crest,

PEE'ress. n. s. (female of peer.] The The pegs and nails in a great building, though Is it not virtually confest,

lady of a peer; a woman ennobled. they are but little valued in themselves, are absei. That there his eyes took distant aim? Prior.

Sratesman and patriot ply alike the stocks ;

lutely necessary to keep the whole frame together. Peeress and huller share alike the box. Pope.

Addison's Spectat. PEER. n. s. (pair, Fr.)

A finer petticoat can neither make you richer, Peerless. adj. [from peer.] Unequalled; more virtuous, or wise, than if it hung upon á 1. Equal ; one of the same rank.

having no peer:


Suifi. His peers upon this evidence

I bind,

2. The pins of au instrument in which the Have found him guilty of high treason. Shakesp. On pain of punishment, the world to weet, Amongst a man's peers, a man shall be sure of We stand up peerless.


strings are strained. familiarity: and therefore it is good a little to keep Her peerless feature, joined with her birthi,

You are well tun'd now ; but I'll let down Bucon . Approves her dit fur notre but fur u king. Shakesp. The pegs that make this musick.






Ρ Ε Ν 3. To take a peg lower. To depress; to 1. A thin skin.

Obscure persons have insulted men of great

worth, and pelted them from coverts with little

After the discharge of the fluid, the pellicle must sink: perhaps from relaxing the cords of

be broke.


Atterbury. musical instruments. 2. It is often used for the film which ga

The whole empire could hardly subdue me, and Remember how ju arms and politicks,

I might easily with stones pelt ihe nietropolis to We still have worsted all your loty tricks, thers upon liquors impregnated with pieces.

Swift. Trepanu'd your party with intrigue,

salts or other substances, and evaporated 2. To throw; to cast. And took your grandees down a peg.

by heat.

My Phillis me with pelted apples plies,
4. The nick-name of Margaret.
Pe'LLITORY. n. s. parietaria, Lat.) An

Then tripping to the woods the wanton hies. Dryd. To leg. v. a. To fasten with a peg.


Pe'lting. adj. This word in Shakespeare I will rend an vak,

PE'LLMELL. adv. (pesle mesle, Fr] Con signifies, I know not why, mean; paltry; And peg thee in his knotty entrails, till Thous'i huwid away twelve winters. Shakesp. fusedly ; tumultuously; one among an pitiful. Taking the shoots of the past spring, and peu other; with confused violence.

Could great men thunder, Jove could ne'er be ging them down in very rich earih, by that time When we have dash'd them to the ground,

quiet; iwelvemonth they will he ready to remove. Evelyn. Then defie each other; aud pell-mell

For every pelting petty officer


Would use his heav'n for thunder.
PELF. n. s. [In low Lat. pelfra, not known
Make work upon ourselves. Shakesp. King John.

Fogs falling in the land,
Never yet did insurrection want
whence derived ; peuffe, in Norman, is
Such moody beggars, starving for a time

Have every pelting river made so proud,
frippery.] Money ; riches.
Of pell-mell havock and confusion. Shakesp.

That they have overborn their continents. Shakesp. After these senators have in such manner, as

They from sheepentes and poor pelting villages The thought of this doth pass all worldly pelf.

Enforce their charity:

Shakesp. Sidney. your grace bath heard, battered episcopal goverii


A tenement or petting farm.
meni, with their paper-shot, then they fall pell-
Hardy elf,

mell the service book. Thou darest view my direful countenance ;

White. PELVIS. n. s. (Lat.] The lower part of I read thee rash and heedless of thyself,

He knew when to fall on pell-mell,

the belly. To fall back and retreat as well. Hudibras. To trouble my stil seat and heaps of precious

Pen. n. s. ( penna, Lat.) pelf.

Spenser. Pells. n. s. ( pellis, Lat.]
Of traffick or return she never taketh care ;
Not provident of pelf, as many islands are.Drayton.

Clerk of the pells, an officer belonging to the 1. An instrument of writing.

Never durst poet touch a pen to write, exchequer, who enters every teller's bill into a Immortal gods, I crave no pelf ;

Until his ink were temper's with loves' sighs. Shak. parchment roll called pellis acceptorum, the roll of I pray for no man but myself. Shakesp.

Eternal deities!
He call'd his money in;

receipts; and also makes another roll called pellis
erituum, a roll of the disbursements.


Who write whatever tinie shall bring to pass, But the prevailing love of pelf,

With pens of adamant on plates of brass. Dryden. Soon split him on the former shelf:

PELLUÄCID. adj. [ pellucidus, Lat.] Clear; He takes the papers, lays them down again ; He put it out again. Dryden's Horace.

And, with unwilling fingers, tries the pen. Dryden, transparent; not opake; not dark. To the poor if he refus'd his pelf, The colours are owing to the intermixture of

He remembers not that lie took utf pen from He us’d them full as kindly as hiinself. Swift.


paper till he had done. foreign matter with the proper matter of the Pe’lican. n. s. ( pelicanus, low Lat. pelli stone: this is the case of agates and other colour

I can, by designing the letters, tell what new

idea it shall exhibit the next moment, barely by can, Fr.) ed stones, the colours of several whereof may be

drawing my pen over it, which will neither appear, extracted, and the bodies rendered as pellucid as There are two sorts of pelicans ; one lives upon

if my hands stand still; ur though I move my crystal, without sensibly damaging the texture. the water and feeds uponi fish; the other keeps in


pen, if my eyes be shut. deserts, and feeds upon serpents and other reptiles: the pelican has a peculiar tenderness for its young;

If water be made warm in any pellucid vessel 2. Feather. it generally places its nest upon a craggy rock; emptied of air, the water in the vacuum will

The pens that did his pinions bind, bubble and boil as vehemently as it would in the the pelican is supposed to admit its young to suck

Were like main-yards with flying canvas lin'd. blood from its breast.

open air in a vessel set upon the fire, till it conCalmet.

Spenser. Should discarded fathers

ceives a much greater heat. Newton's Opticks. Have this little mercu un their flesh;

Pellu'cidity. In. s. [from pellucid.) 3. Wing; though even here it may mean 'Twas this flesh begot those pelican daughters.

Pellu'CIDNESS. s Transparency; clear-

Feather'd soon and fledg'd, "The pelican hath a beak broad and flat, like the NICSS ; not opacity.

They summ'd their pens; and soaring th' air suslice of apothecaries. Hakewill on Providence. The air is a clear and pellucid menstruum, in

blime, PEʻLLET. n. s. [from pila, Lat. pelote,

which the inseusible particles of dissolved matter With clang despis'd the ground. Milton's Par. Lost.

float, without troubling the pellucidity of the air ; Fr.)

when oli a sudden by a precipitation they gather 4. [From pennan, Sax.] A small inclosure; 1. A little ball.

into visible misty drops that make cluuds. Locke. a coop. A cute or pellet of yellow wax as much as half We consider their pellucidness, and the vast

My father stole two geese out of a pen. Shakesp. the spirit of wine, burnt only eighty-seven pulses.

quantity of light that passes through them with The cook was ordered to dress capons for supBacon. out reflection.


per, and take the best in the pen. L'Estrange. That which is sold to the merchants is made Pelt. n. s. (from pellis, Lat.]

She in pens his flocks will fold. Dryden's Horace. into little pellets, and sealed.

Sandys. 1. Skin;

Ducks in thy ponds, and chickens in thy pens, I dressed with little pellets of lint Wiseman.

And be thy turkeys num’rous as thy hens. King.

The camel's hair is taken for the skin or pelt 2. A bullet; a ball to be shot.

with the hair upon it. Brown's Vulg. Err. To Pen. v. a. pret. and part. pass. pent. The furce of gunpowder hath been ascribed to A scabby teiter on their pelts will stick,

[pennan and pindan, Sax.) rarefaction of the earthy substance into flame,

When the raw rain has piere'd them to the quick. and so followeth a dilatation; and therefore, lest

Dryden. 1. To coop; to shut up; to incage; to imtwo bodies should be in one place, there must

2. The

of a hawk all torn. Ainsw. prison in a narrow place. needs also follow an expulsion of the pellet or blow. Pelt-Monger. n. s. ( pellio, Lat. pelt

Away with her, and

Shakesp. ing up of the mine : but these are ignorant specu

My heavy son larions ; for flame, if there were nothing else, will and monger.] A dealer in raw hides.

Private in his chamber pens himself. Shakesp. be suffocated with any hard body, such as a pellet To Pelt. r. a. ( poltern, Germ. Skinner; The plaister alone would pen the humour alis, or the barrel of a gun; so as the hard body contracted from pellet, Mr. Lye.)

ready contained in the part, and forbid new huwould kill the flame.

Bucon. Bacon.

It 1. To strike with something thrown. How shall they reach us in the air with those

Their armour help'd their harm, crush'd in and pellets they can hardly roll upon the

is generally used of something thrown,


Into their substance pent.
L'Estrange rather with teazing frequency than de-
In a shooting trunk, the longer it is to a certain

As when a prowling wolf
limit, the more forcibly the air passes and drives
structive violence.

Whom hunger drives to seek new liaunts for prey, Ray

Poor naked wretches, wheresoe'er you are, Watching where shepherds pen their flocks at eve That bide the pelting of this pitiless storm!

In hurdled cotes, amid the field secure, PELLETTED. adj. (from pellet.] Consist How shall your houseless heads and unfed sides, Leaps o'er the fence with ease into the fold. Milton. ing of bullets.

Your loop'd and window'd raggedness defend The glass, wherein it is penned up, hinders it My brave Egyptians all,


Shakesp. to deliver itself by an expansion of its parts. Boyle. By the discandying of this pelleted storm, Do but stand upon the foaming shore,

The prevention of mischief is prescribed by Shakesp.

The chiding billows seem to pelt the clouds. Shak. the Jewish custom ; they pen up their daughters, Pe'LLICLE, n. s. ( pellicula, Lat.]

No zealous brother there would want a stone and permit them to be acquainted with none. To maul us cardinals, and pelt pope Joan. Dryd.



her up.




the pellet.

Lie graveless.

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