21. To set up. To begin a scheme of life.

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18. To set out. To begin the world. He, at his first setting out, threw himself into court. dison. Eugenio set out from the same university, and about the same time, with Corusodes. Swift.

19. To set to. To apply himself to. I may appeal to some, who have made this their business, whether it go not against the hair with them to set to any thing else. Gov. of the Tongue.

2u. To set up. To begin a trade openly. We have stock enough to set up with, capable of infinite advancement, and yet no less }}. of total decay. Decay of Piety. A man of a clear reputation, though his bark be split, yet he saves his cargo; has something left towards setting up again, and so is in capacity of receiving benefit not only from his own industry, but the ń. of others. Gov. of the Tongue. This habit of writing and discoursing was acquired during my apprenticeship in Loudou, and a long residence there after I had set up for myself. wift.

Eumenes, one of Alexander's captains, setting up for himself after the death of his master, persuaded his principal officers to lend him great sums; after which they were forced to follow him for their own security. Arbuthnot. A severe treatment might tempt them to set up for a republick. Additom on Italy. 22. To set up. To profess publickly. Scow'ring the watch grows out-of-fashion wit; Now we set up for tilting in the pit. Dryden. Can #j. or Antiphates, Who gorge themselves with man, Set up to teach humanity, and give, By their example, rules for us to live? Dryd. Juv. Those who have once made their court to those mistresses without portions, the Muses, are never like to set up for fortunes. Pope. It is found by experience, that those men, who set up for o without regard to religion, are generally but virtuous in part. Swift. SET, part. adj. [from the verb.] Regular; not lax; made in consequence of some formal rule. Rude am I in my speech, And little bless'd with the set phrase of peace. Shakesp. Othello. Th' indictment of the good Lord Hastings In a set hand fairly is ingross'd. Shak. Richard III. He would not perform that service by the hazard of one set battle, but by dallying off the time. Knolles Set speeches, and a formal tale, With none but statesmen and grave fools prevail. den. In ten set battles have we driv'n back These heathen Saxons, and regain'd our earth. Dryden, What we hear in conversation has this general advantage over set discourses, that in the latter we are apt to attend more to the beauty and elegance of the composure than to the matter delivered.

Rogers. [from the verb.] A number of things suited to each other; things considered as related to each other; a number of things of which one cannot conveniently be separated from the rest. Sensations and passions seem to depend upon a particular set of motions. Collier. All corpuscles of the same set or kind agree in everything Woodward. 'Tis not a set of features or complexion, The tincture of a skin, that I admire. Addison. I shall here lay together a new set of remarks, and observe the artifices of our enemies to raise such prejudices. Addison. Homer introduced that monstrous character, to show the marvellous, and paint it in a new set of colouis. - Broome. He must change his comrades; In half the time he talks them round,

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They refer to those criticks who are partial to some particular set of writers to the prejudice of others. Pope. o: there is no man, nor set of men, upon earth, w lose sentiments 1 entirely follow. Watts. 2. Any thing not sown, but put in a state

of some growth into the ground. Tis rais'd by sets or berries, like white thorn, and lies the same time in the ground. Mortimer's Husbandry. 3. The apparent fall of the sun, or other

bodies of heaven, below the horizon. The weary sun hath made a golden set; And, by the bright track of his fiery car, Gives signal of a goodly day to-morrow. Shakesp. Richard III. When the battle 's lost and won. -That will be ere set of sun. Shakesp. Macbeth. Before set of sun that day, I hope to reach my winter quarters. .. Atterbury to Pope. 4. A wager at dice. That was but civil war, an equal set, Where piles with piles, and eagles eagles fight. Dryden. 5. A game. Have I not here the best cards for the game, To win this easy match play'd for a crown 2 And shall I now give o'er the yielded set 2 Shakesp. When we have match'd our rackets to these balls, We will, in France, play a set Shall strike his father's crown into the hazard. Shakesp. Henry V. SETA'ceous, adj. [seta, Lat..] Bristly; set with strong hairs; consisting of strong hairs. The parent insect, with its stiff setaceous tail, terebrates the rib of the leaf when tender, and makes way for its egg into the very pith. Derham.

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From the bottom to the lower settle shall be two cubits. Ezek. xliii. 14. The man, their hearty welcome first express'd, A common settle drew for either guest, Inviting each his weary limbs to rest. Dryden. To SETTLE. v. a. [from the noun.] 1. To place in any certain state after a time of fluctuation or disturbance. I will settle you after your old estates, and will do better unto you than at your beginnings.

Ezek. xxxvi. 11. In hope to find Better abode, and my afflicted powers To settle here. 2. To fix in any way of life. The father thought the time drew on Ossettling in the world his only son. 3. To fix in o place. Settled in his face I see Sad resolution. 4. To establish; to confirm. Justice submitted to what Abra pleas'd : Her will alone could settle or revoke, And law was fix’d by what she latest spoke. Prior. 5. To determine; to affirm; to free from ambiguity. This exactness will be troublesome, and therefore men will think they may be excused from settling the complex ideas of mixed inodes so precisely in their minds. ke. Medals give a very great light to history, in confirming such passages as are true in old authors, and settling such as are told after different manners. dison.

6. To fix; to make certain or unchangeable.

His banish'd gods restor'd to rites divine, And settled sure succession in his line. Dryden's AEneid. This, by a settled habit in things whereof we have frequent experience, is performed so quick, that we take that for the perception of our sensation, which is an idea formed by ow judo

Milton. Dryden.


If you will not take some care to settle our lan. guage, and put it into a state of continuance, your memory shall not be preserved above an hundred years, further than by imperfect tradition. Swift. 7. To fix; not to suffer to continue doubtful in opinion, or desultory and wavering in conduct. A pamphlet that talks of slavery, France, and the Pretender; they desire no more; it will settle the wavering, and confirm the doubtful. Swift. 8. To make close or compact. Cover ant-hills up, that the rain may settle the turf before the sprig , , Mortimer's Husbandry. 9. To fix unalienably by legal sanctions. I have given him the parsonage of the parish, and, because I know his value, have settled upon him a good annuity for life. Addison's Spectator. 10. To fix inseparably. Exalt your passion by directing and settling it upon an object, the due contemplation of whose loveliness may cure perfectly all hurts received from mortal beauty. Boyle. 11. To affect, so as that the dregs or im

purities sink to the bottom. So do the winds and thunders cleanse the air; So working seas settle and purge the wine. Davies. 12. To compose; to put into a state of calmness. When thou art settling thyself to thy devotions, imagine thou hearest § Saviour calling to thee, as he did to Martha, Why art thou so careful ? Duppa. To SETTLE. v. n. 1. To subside; to sink quite to the bottom and repose there. That country became a gained ground by the mud brought down by the Nilus, which settled by

a bench; something to sit on.

degrees into a firm land. Brown's Vulg, Errours. 2. To lose motion or fermentation; to deposit faeces at the bottom. Your fury then boil'd upward to a foam ; But, since this message came, you sink and settle, As if cold water had been pour'd upon you. Drud. A government, upon such occasions, is always thick before it settles. Addison's Freeholder. 3. To fix one's self; to establish a residence. The Spineta, descended from the Pelesgi, settled at the mouth of the river Po. Arbuthnot. 4. To choose a method of life; to establish a domestick state. As people marry now, and settle, Fierce love abates his usual mettle; Worldly desires, and household cares, Disturb the godhead's soft affairs. Prior. 5. To become fixed so as not to change. The wind came about and settled in the west, so as we could make no way. Bacon. 6 To quit an irregular and desultory for a methodical life.

7. To take any lasting state. According to laws established by the divine wisdom, it was wrought by degrees fom one form into another, till it settled at length into an habitable earth. Burnet Chyle, before it circulates with the blood, is whitish : by the force of the circulation it runs through all the interimediate colours, till it settles in an intense red. Arbuthnot. 8. To rest; to repose. When time hath worn out their natural vanity, and taught them discretion, their fondness settles on its proper object. Spectator. Warm'd in the brain the brazen weapon lies, And shades eternal settle o'er his eyes. Pope. 9. To grow calm. Till the fury of his highness settle, Come not before him. Shakesp. Winter's Tale. 10. To make a jointure for a wife. He sighs with most success that settles well. Garth. 11. To contract. One part being moist, and the other dry, occasions its settling more in one place than another, which causes cracks and settlings in the wall. Mortimer's Husbandry.

SE'ttled Ness. m. s. [from settle.] The state of being settled; confirmed state. What one party thought to rivet to a settledness by the strength and influence of the Scots, that the other rejects and contemns. Ring Charles. SETTLEMENT. n. s. [from settle.] 1. The act of settling ; the state of being settled. 2. The act of giving possession by legal sanction. My flocks, my fields, my woods, my pastures take, With settlement as good as law can make. Dryden 3. A jointure granted to a wife. Strephon sigh’d so loud and strong, He blew a settlement along ; And bravely drove his rivals down W ith coach and six, and house in town. Swift. 4. Subsidence; dregs. Fullers earth left a thick settlement. - - - - Mortimer's Husbandry. 5. Act of quitting a roving for a domestick and methodical life. Every man living has a design in his head upon wealth, power, or settlement in the world. L'Estr. 6. A colony; a place where a colony is

established. SETWAL. m. s. [valeriana, Lat J An herb. Dict.

SEVEN. adj. [reopon, Sax.] 1. Four and three; one more than six. It

is commonly used in poetry as one syllable.

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bles; increased seven times.
Upon this dreadful beast with sevenfold head
He set the false Duessa, for more awe and dread.
- Fairu Queen.
The sevenfold shield of Ajax cannot keep
The battery from my heart. Shuk. Ant, and Cleop
Not for that silly old morality,
That, as these links were knit, our loves should be,
Mourn I, that I thy sevenfold chain have lost,
Nor for the luck's sake, but the bitter cost. Donne.
What if the breath that kiodied those grin fires,
Awak'd, should blow them into sevenfold rage. Milt.
Fair queen,
Who sway’s: the sceptre of the Pharian isle,
And sorofold falls of disguiboguing Nile. Druden,
SE'v EN fold. adv. In the proportion of

Seven to one. whosoever slayeth Cain, vengeance shall be taken on him sevenfold. Genesis, ly, 15. Wrath meet thy flight sevenfold. Milton. SE v ENNight. m. s. [seven and night.] I. A week; the time from one day of the week to the next day of the same denomination preceding or following , a week numbered according to the practice of the old northern nations, as in fortmight. Rome was either more grateful to the beholders, or more noble in itself, than justs with the sword and lance, maintained for a serennight together. - Sidney. Iago's footing here anticipates our thoughts A se’nnight's speed. Shakesp. Othello. Shining woods, laid in a dry room, within a seven night lost their shining. Bacon's Nat; Hist. 2. We use still the word seven night or se’nnight in computing time: as, it hap.

pened on Monday was serennight, that - - - 5. To divide by distinctions.

is, on the Monday before last Monday; it will be done on Monday serennight, that is, on the Monday after nert Monday. This comes from one of those untuckered ladies,

whom wou were so sharp upon on Monday was se’nnight. Addison. SE'v EN sco R.E. adj. [seren and score.] Seven times twenty; an hundred and forty. The old countess of Desmond, who lived till she was sevenscore years old, did dentize twice or thrice; casting her old teeth, and others coining in their place. - Bacon. SE'v ENTEEN. adj. [reopontyne, Sax.] Seven and ten; seven added to ten. SE'v ENTEENth. adj. [reoronteoba, Sax ) The seventh after the tenth ; the ordinal of seventeen. In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, the second month, the seventeenth day, were all the fountains of the great deep broken up. Gen. vii. 11. The conquest of Ireland was perfected by the king in the seventeenth year of his reign.Judge Hale. Sev ENTH. adj. [reopoba, Sax.] 1. The ordinal of seven; the first after the sixth. The child born in the seventh month doth com

monly well. Bacon. Thy air is like the first:

A third is like the former. Filthy hags!

Why do you shew me this ' A fourth 'Start, eye'

What I will the line stretch out to th’crack of dorm’ Another yet? A seventh ! I'll see no more. Shao. So Pharaoh, or some greater king than he, Provided for the seventh necessity : Taught from above his magazines to frame; That famine was prevented ere it cane. Dryde. 2. Containing one part in seven. SE'v ENTH LY. adv. [from serenth.] It the seventh place: an ordinal adverb. Serenthly, living bodies have sense, which plars have not. Pon SE'v ENti ETH. adj. [from serenty.] The tenth, seven times repeated; the ordinal of seventy. SE'v ENTY. adj. Seven times ten. Worthy Marcius, Had we no quarrel else to Rome, but that Thou art thence banish'd, we would mus'-rell, From twelve to seventu. Shakesp. Corios We call not that death immature, if a Lan love. till seventu. Tatia The weight of serentu winters prest him do so, He bent beneath the burthen of a crown. Drs. In the Hebrew, there is a particle consistin: but of one single letter, of which there are reck ted up seventy several significations. Los To SE'v ER. v. a. [sever, Fr. separo, Lat. 1. To part by violence from the rest. Forgetful queen, who sever'd that bright head Which charm'd two mighty monarchs to her tes. - Grantuo 2. To divide; to part; to force asunder. They are not so far disjoined and screred, to that they come at o to meet. Hazor. Our force by land Hath nobly held; our sever'd navy too Have knit again, and float. Shok. Ant. and Cleo. What thou art is mine : Our state cannot be sever'd, we are one. One flesh; to lose thee were to lose myself. Mih. 3. To separate; to segregate; to put in different orders or places. The angels shall sever the wicked from among the just. Matthro He, with his guide, the farther fields attain'd : Where sever'd from the rest the warrier so uls remain'd. - ryū4. To separate by chemical operation.”

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This axiom is of large extent, and would he severed and refined by trial. Burto. 6. To disjoin ; to disunite. Look, love, what envious streaks Do lace the severing clouds in yonder cast. Six How stiff is my vile sense, That I stand up and have ingenious feeling Of my huge sorrows' better 1 were distract, So should my thoughts be sever'd from my griefs. And woes, by wrong imaginations, lose The knowledge of themselves. Shako. The medical virtues lodge in some one or other of its principles, and may therefore us fully te sought for in that principle severed from the others. 7. To keep distinct; to keep apart. Three glorious suns, each one a perfect sun; Not separated with the racking clouds, But sever'd in a pale clear shining sky. Shakes 1 will sever Goshen, that no swarms of flies shal be there. Exod. viii. i* To SEVER. v. n. 1. To make a separation; to make a partition. The Lord shall sever between the cattle of Israel and of Egypt. Fred. ix. 4. There remains so much religion, as to know how to sever between the use and abuse of thius

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SE've RAL. adj. [from serer 1. Different; distinct from one another. Divers sorts of beasts come from several parts to drink ; and so being refreshed, fall to couple, and many times with several kinds. Bacon's Nat. Hist. The conquest of Ireland was made piece and piece, by several attempts, in several ages. Davies's History of Ireland. Four sereral armies to the field are led, Which high inequal hopes four princes head. Dry. 2. Divers; many. It is used in any number not large, and more than two. This country is large, having in it many people, and several kingdoms. Abbot's Descrip. g. the World. This else to several spheres thou must ascribe. Milton. We might have repaired the losses of one campaign by the advantages of another, and, after several victories gained over us, might have still

kept the enemy from our gates. Addison. 3. Particular; single. Each several ship a victory did gain, • As Rupert or as Albemarle were there. Dryden.

4. Distinct; appropriate. The parts and passages of state are so many, as, to express them fully, would require a several treatise. Davies's Ireland. Like things to like, the rest to several place Disparted. Milton. Each might his sev'ral province well command, Would all but stoop to what they understand. Pope.

Several n.s. (from the adj]

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1. A state of separation, or partition. This substantive has a plural. More profit is quieter found Where pastures in several be, Of one silly aker of ground Than champion maketh of three. Tusser's Husb. 2. Each particular singly taken. This by some severals Qf headpiece extraordinary, lower messes Perchance are to this business purblind. Shakesp. There was not time enough to hear The severals. Shakesp. That will appear to be a methodical successive observation of these sererals, as degrees and steps preparative the one to the other. Hammond's Fund. Several of them neither arose from any conspicuous family, nor left any behind them. Addis. Freeh. 3. Any inclosed or separate place. They had their several for heathen nations, their several for the people of their own nation, their several for men, their several for women, their several for their priests, and for the high priest alone their several. Hooker. 4. Inclosed ground. There was a nobleman that was lean of visage, but immediately after his marriage he grew pretty plump and fat. One said to him, Your lordship doth contrary to other married men ; for they at first wax lean, and you wax fat. Sir Walter Raleigh stood by and said, There is no beast, that if you take him from the common, and put him into the several, but will wax fat. Bacon. SE'v ERALLY. adv. [from sereral.] Distinctly; particularly; separately; apart from others. Consider angels each of them severally in himself, and their law is, All ye his angels praise him. Hooker. Nature and scripture, both jointly and not severallu, either of them, be so complete, that unto everlasting felicity we need not the knowledge of any thing inore than these two may easily furnish our minds with. Hooker. Th' apostles could not be confin'd To these or those, but severally design'd Their large commission round the world to blow. - Dryden. We ought not so much to love likeness as beauty, and to chuse from the fairest bodies severally the fairest parts. Dryden. Others were so very small and close together,

Vol. II.

that I could not keep my eye steady on them severallu, so as to number theim. Newton's Opticks. SEVERALTY. m. s. [from several.] State of separation from the rest. The jointure or advancement of the lady was the third part of the principality of Wales, the dukedom of Cornwal, and earldom of Chester, to be set forth in severalty. acore. Having considered the apertious in severalty, according to their particular requisites, 1 am now come to the casting and contexture of the whole work. Wotton. SE'v ERANCE. m. s. [from sever.] Separation; partition. Those rivers inclose a neck of land, in regard of his fruitfulness not unworthy of a severance. Carew's Survey of Cornwall. SEVERE. adj. [serere, Fr. severus, Lat.] 1. Sharp ; apt to punish: censorious; apt to blame; hard ; rigorous. Let your zeal, if it must be expressed in anger, be always more severe against thyself than against others. Taylor. Soor, mov’d with touch of blame, thus Eve: What words have pass'd thy lips, Adam severe 2 Milton. What made the church of Alexandria be so severe with Origen for, but holding the incense in his hands, which those about him cast from thence upon the altar? yet for this he was cast out of the church. Stillingfleet. 2. Rigid; austere; morose; harsh; not in

dulgent. Am I upbraided not enough severe, It seeins, in thy restraint. n his looks serene, When angry most he seem’d, and most severe, What else but favour shone * Milton. Nor blame severe his choice, Warbling the Grecian woes. Pope's Odyssey. 3. Cruel; inexorable. His severe wrath shall he sharpen for a sword. - |Wisdom. 4. Regulated by rigid rules; strict. Truth, wisdom, sanctitude, severe and pure, Severe, but in true filial freedom plac'd. Milton. 5. Exempt from all levity of appearance;

grave; sober; sedate. His grave rebuke, Severe in youthful beauty, added grace. Milton. Your looks must alter, as your subject does, From kind to fierce, from wanton to severe. Waller. Taught by thy practice steadily to steer From grave to gay, from lively to severe. Pope. 6. Not lax: not airy; close ; strictly methodical; rigidly exact. Their beauty I leave it rather to the delicate wit of poets, than venture upon so nice a subject with my sererer style. More. 7. Painful : afflictive. These piercing fires are soft, as now severe. Milt. 8. Close; concise; not luxuriant. The Latin, a most screre and compendious language, often expresses that in one word, which modern tongues cannot in more. Dryden. SEve'RELY. adr. [from severe.] 1. Painfully; afflictively. We have wasted our strength to attain ends different from those for which we undertook the "war; and often to effect others, which after a peace we may severely repent. Swift. 2. Ferrociously; horridly. More formidable Hydra stands within; Whose jaws with iron teeth severely grin. Dryden. 3. Strictly; rigorously. To be or fondly or severely kind. Seve'RITY. m. s. [severitas, Lat.] 1. Cruel treatment; sharpness of punish


I laugh to see your ladyship so fond, To think that you have aught but Talbot's shadow Whereon to practice your severity. Shakesp.



He shall be thrown down the Tarpeian rock With rigorous hands; he hath resisted law, And therefore law shall scorn him further trial Than the severitu of publick power Which he so sets at nought Shakesp. Coriolanus Never were so great rebellions expiated with so little blood; as for the severity used upon those taken in Kent, it was but upon a scum of people. Bacon. There is a difference between an ecclesiastical censure and severity: for under a censure we only include excommunication, suspension, and an interdict; but under an ecclesiastical severitu every other punishment of the church is intended; but, according to some, a censure and a severity is the saltie. Ayliffe. 2. Hardness; power of distressing. Though nature hath given insects sagacity to avoid the winter cold, yet its severity finds them out. Hale's Origin of Mankind. 3. Strictness; rigid accuracy. Confining myself to the severity of truth, becoming, I must pass over many instances of your military skill. Dryden. 4 Rigour; austerity; harshness; want of

mildness; want of indulgence.

SEvoc ATION. m. s. [sevoco, Lat.] The act of calling aside. To SEw for sue. To follow. Spener.

To SEW. v. n. [suo, Lat.] To alter any thing by the use of the needle. A time to rent and a time to sew. Eccl. iii. 7. To SEw. v. a. To join by threads drawn with a needle. No man seweth a piece of new cloth on an old garment. Mark, ii. 21. To SEw up. To close in any thing sewed, If ever I said loose-bodied gown, sew me up ir the skirts of it. Shakesp. Taming of the Shrew My transgression is sealed up in a bag, and thou sewest up mine iniquity. Job, xiv. 17. To SEw. v. a. To drain a pond for the the fish. Ainsworth. SE'w F. R. n.s. [escuyer trenchant, Fr. or asseour, old Fr. from asseoir to set down ; for those officers set the dishes on the table. Newton's Milton.] 1. An officer who serves up a feast. Marshall'd feast, Serv'd up in hall with sewers and seneschals: The skill of artifice or olice mean. Milton. The cook and sewer each his talent tries, In various figures scenes of dishes rise. Sirist, 2. [From issue, issuer.] A passage for water to run through, now corrupted to shore. Connel The fenmen hold that the sewers must be ke, so, as the water may not stay too long in the sprin till the weeds and sedge he grown up. Baco Men suffer their private judgment to be draw into the common sewer or stream of the prese vogue, King Charles As one who long in populous city pent, Where houses thick, and sewers, o the air, Forth issuing on a summer's morn, to breathe Among the pleasant villages and farms Adjoin'd from each thing met conceives delight. Multon. 3. He that uses a needle. SEx. m. s. [sere, Fr. sea us, Lat.] I. The property by which any animal is male or female. These two great seres animate the world. Under his forming hands a creature grew, Manlike, but different ser. Milton, 2. Womankind, by way of emphasis. Unhappy ser! whose beauty is your snare; Expos'd to trials; made too frail to bear. Dryden Sonne is hard to be overcome ; but if the ser once get the better of it, it gives them afterwards no more trouble. Garth

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Sextonship. n.s. [from sexton.] The office of a sexton. They may get a dispensation to hold the clerkship and sextonship o their own parish in commeindam. Swift. SExtu'PLE. adj. [sextuplus, Lat.] Sixfold; six times told. Man's length, being a perpendicular from the vertex unto the sole of the foot, is settuple unto his breadth, or a right line drawn from the ribs of one side to another. Brown. To SHAB. v. n. To play mean tricks: a low barbarous cant word. SHA'BBILY. adv. [from shabby..] Mealy; reproachfully; despicably; paltrily. A cant word. SHA'BBINEss. n.s.[from shabby..] Meanness; paltriness. He exchanged his gay shabbiness of clothes, fit for a much younger man, to warm ones that would be decent for a much older one. Spectator. SHA’BBY. adj. [a word that has crept into conversation and low writing, but ought not to be admitted into the language.] Mean; paltry. The dean was so shabby, and look'd like a ninuy, That the captain suppos'd he was curate to Jenny. Swift To SHA'cKLE. v. a. [from the noun shackles; schaeckelen, Dut..] To chain;

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No trivial price Should set him free, or small should be my praise To lead him shackled. Philips. So the stretch'd cord the shackled dancer tries, As prone to fall as impotent to rise. ith. SHACKLEs. m. s. wanting the singular. [reacul, Sax. schaeckels, Dut..] Fetters; gyves; chains for prisoners. Himself he frees by secret means unseen, His shackles empty left, himself escaped cleau. Fairu Queen. A servant commonly is less free il mind than in condition ; his very will seems to be in bonds and shackles, and desire itself undel durance and captivity. South. The forge in setters only is employ'd ; Qur iron mines exhausted and destroy'd In shackles. Dryden's Juvenal. SHAD. n. s. [clupea.] A kind of fish. SHADE. m. s. [rcabu, Sax. schade, Dut.] 1. The cloud or opacity made by inter

ception of the light. Spring no obstable found here nor shade, But all sunshine. Milton. 2. Darkness; obscurity. The weaker light unwillingly declin'd, And to prevailing shades the murmuring world resign'd. Roscommon. 3. Coolness made by interception of the

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Nor e'er was to the bow'rs of bliss convey'd A fairer spirit or more welcome shade. Tico To SHADE. v. a. [from the noun.] 1. To overspread with opacity. Thou shad'st The full blaze of thy beams, and through a cloud Thy skirts appear. Milo. 2. To cover from the light or heat; to

overspread. A seraph six wings wore to shade His lineaments divine. MirAnd, after these, came arm'd with spear aid shield An host so great as cover'd all the field; And all their foreheads, like the knights before, With laurels ever green were shaded o'er. Dryden. I went to crop the sylvan scenes, And shade our altars with §: leafy greens. Dryd. Sing, while beside the shaded i., § I mours, And with fresh bays her rural shrine adorn. Post 3. To shelter; to hide. Ere in our own house I do shade my head, The good patricians must be visited. o 4. To protect; to cover; to screen. Leave not the faithful side That gave thee being, still shades thee aud P'. ision.

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SHA'Dow. m. s. [rcabu, Sax. schadure, Dut.]

1. The representation of a body by which the light is intercepted.

Poor Tom ' proud of heart, to ride over fourinch'd bridges, to course his own shadow for a traitor. Shaker. Life's but a roof shadow, a poor player, That struts and frets his hour upon the stage, And then is heard no more. Shaker. Such a nature, Tickled with good success, disdains the shadow Which he treads on at noon. Sharp. The body, though it moves, yet not changi; perceivable distance with some other bodies, the thing seems to stand still, as in the hands of clocks, and shadows of sun-dials. Locks. 2. Opacity; darkness; shade. By the revolution of the skies Night's sable shadows from the ocean rise. Denhos #. countrymen probably lived within the shake of the earthquake, and shadow of the eclipse. - - Addisos. 3. Shelter made by anything that intercepts the light, heat, or influence of the air. In secret shadow from the sunny ray. On a sweet bed of lilies softly laid. Fairu Qures Here, father, take the shadow of this tree For your good host. Shakesp. King Irur. 4. Obscure place. To the secret shadows I retire, To pay my penance till my years expire. Dryden. 5. Dark part of a picture. A shadow is a diminution of the first and s. cond light. The first light is that which proceeds immediately from a lightened body, as the beams of the sun. The second is an accidental light, spreading itself into the air, or medium, soloceeding from the other. Shadows are threefold: the first is a single shadow, and the least of all; and is proper to the plain surface, where it is so wholly possessed of the light. The second is the double shadow, and it is used when the surface togius once to forsake your eye, as in columns. Is third shadow is made by crossing over your double shadow again, which darkeneth by a third part It is used for the inmost shadow, and farthest for the light, as in gulfs, wells, and caves. Peacha”. After great lights there must be great shadows


to fetter; to bind.

Ne'er to these chambers, where the mighty rest, Since their foundation came a nobler guest;

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* Sin, and her shadow, death. Milton. o: Thou my shadow to Inseparable must with me be long. Milton.

*. Type: mystical representation. * Types and shadows of that destin'd seed. Milton. 0. Fo shelter; favour. - Keep me under the shadow of thy wings. Psalms. To SHA'Dow. v. a. [from the noun.] ... To cover with opacity. I. The warlike elf much wonder'd at this tree, So fair and great, that shadow'd all the ground. o . . Spenser. * The Assyrian was a cedar with fair branches, and with a shadowing shroud. Ezek. xxxi. 3. 2. To cloud ; to darken. - Mislike me not for my complexion; * The shadow'd livery of the burning sun, ... To whom I am a neighbour. Shakesp. 3. To make cool, or gently gloomy, by in* terception of the light or heat. * . A gentle south-west wind comes creeping over flowery fields and shadowed waters in the extreme heat of summer. Sidney. 4. To conceal under cover; to hide; to

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colour, or light. Turnsoil is made of old lineu rags dried, and laid in a saucer of vinegar, and set over a o dish of coats till it boil; then wring it into a shell, and put it into a little gum arabick: it is good to shadow carnations, and all yellows. Peucham. From a round globe of any uniform colour, the * idea imprinted on our minds is of a flat circle, a variously shadowed with different degrees of light coming to our eyes. . . Locke. More broken scene, made up of an infinite variety of inequalities and shadowings, that naturally arise from an agreeable mixture of hills, ão.

and vallies. lson. 7. To paint in obscure colours. . If the parts he too much distant, so that there be void spaces which are deeply shadowed, then place in those voids some fold, to make a joining of the parts. Dryden's Dufresnoy. 8. To represent impo: Whereat I wak'd, and found Before mine eyes all real, as the dream .. Had lively shadow'd. Milton's Paradise Lost. Augustus is shadowed in the person of #: yden. 1 have shadowed some part of your virtues under another maine. - ryden. 0. To represent typically. Many times there are three things said to make up the substance of a sacrament; namely, the grace which is thereby ottered, the element which hadoweth or signifieth grace, and the word which -esseth what is done by the element. Hooker.

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The shield being to defend the body from weapons, aptly shadows out to us the continence of the emperor, which made him proof to all the attacks of pleasure. Addison. SHA'Dowg RAss. n.s.. [from shadon an grass; gramen sylvaticum, Lat.] A kind of grass. SHA'Dow Y. adj. [from shadow.] 1. Full of shade; gloomy. This shadowy desart, unfrequented woods, I better brook than flourishing peopled towns.Shak. With shadowy verdure flourish’d high, A sudden youth the groves enjoy. 2. Not brightly luminous. More pleasant light Shadowy sets off the face of things. 3. Faintly representative; typical. When they see Law can discover sin, but not remove, Save by those shadowy expiations weak, The blood of bulls and goats; they may conclude Some blood more precious must be paid for man. Milton.



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They are both the archer and shaft taking aim afar . and then shooting themselves directly upon the desired mark. Şı. So lofty was the pile, a Parthian bow With vigour drawn must send the shaft below. Dryden. 2. [Shaft, Dut..] A narrow, deep, perpendicular pit. They sink a shaft or pit of six foot in length. Carew. The fulminating damp, upon its ascension, gives a crack like the report of a gun, and makes an explosion, so forcible as to kill the miners, and force bodies of great weight from the bottom of the pit up through the o: Woodward. Süppose a tube, or, as the miners call it, a shaft were sunk from the surface of the earth to the center. - Arbuthnot. 3. Any thing straight; the spire of a church. Practise to draw small and easy things, as a cherry with the leaf, the shaft of a steeple. Peach.

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And given me notice of their villanies. Shakesp. Where is your husband 2

He's a traitor.

—Thou lyest, thou shag-ear'd villain! Shakesp.

From the shag of his ". the shape of his legs, his having little or no tail, the slowness of his

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Among the first sort we reckon shags, duck, and

mallard. Carew. SHA'GGED. s..."; adj. [from shag.] 1. Rugged; rough ; hairy. They change their hue, with haggard eyes they stare, Lean are their looks, and shagged is their hair. Dry. A lion's hide he wears; About his shoulders hangs the shaggy skin, The teeth and gaping jaws ... grin. Dryden. From the frosty north, The early valiant Swede draws forth his wings, In battailous array, while Volga's stream Sends opposite, in shaggu armour clad, Her borderers, on mutual slaughter bent. Philips. 2. Rough; rugged. They pluck'd the seated hills with all their load, Rocks, waters, woods; and by the shaggy tops Uplifting, bore them in their hands. Milton's Paradise Lost. There, where vary desolation dwells, By grots and caverns shagg'd with horrid shades, She may pass on with unblench'd majesty, Be it not done in pride. Milton. Through Eden went a river large, Nor chang'd his course, but through the shaggu hill Pass'd underneath ingulph'd. Milton. How would the | king smile To see you weigh the paws when tipt with gold, And throw the shaggy spoils about your shoulders. Addison. Ye rugged rocks' which holy knees have worn; Ye grots and caverns shagg'd with horrid thern'

Pope SHAGREEN. m. s. [chagrin, Fr.] is. skin of a kind of fish, or skin made rough in imitation of it. To SHA'GREEN. v. a. [chagriner, Fr., To irritate; to provoke. Both should be writen chagrin. To SHAIL. v. n. To walk sideways. low word. Child, you must walk straight, without skiewing and shailing to every step you set L'Estrange. To SHAKE. v. a. preterite shook; part. pass. shaken, or shook. [rceacan, Sax. shecken, Dut.] 1. To put into a vibrating motion; to move with quick returns backwards and for

wards; to agitate. Who honours not his father, Henry the fifth, that made all France to quake, Shake he his weapon at us, and pass by. Shak. I will shake mine hand upon them, and the shall be a spoil to their servants. Zech. ii. 9. I shook my lap, and said, So God shake out every man from his house; even thus be he shaken out and emptied. Neh. v. The stars fell unto the earth, even as a fig-tree casteth her untimely figs when she is shaken of a mighty wind. Rev. vi #. shook the sacred honours of his head: With terror trembled heav'n's subduing hill, And from his shaken curls ambrosial dews distil. Dryden She first her husband on the poop espies, Shaking his hand at distance on the main; She took the sign, and shook her hand again. Dry. 2. To make to totter or tremble. The rapid wheels shake heav'n's basis. Milton. Let France acknowledge that her shaken throne Was once supported, Sir, by you alone. Roscom. 3. To throw down by a violent motion. Macbeth is ripe for shaking, and the powers

above Shakesp.

Put on their instruments.


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