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This good chance, that thus much favoureth, He slacks not. Daniel's Civil War. Slack not the good presage, while heav'n inspires Our minds to dare, and gives the ready fires. Drud. 10. To repress; to make less quick or forcible. I should be griev’d, young prince, to think my presence Unbent your thoughts, and slacken'd 'em to arms. Addison. SLAck. m. s. [from the verb To slack.] Small coal; coal broken in small parts: as slacked lime turns to powder. SLACKLY. adv. [from slack.] 1. Loosely ; not tightly; not closely. 2. Negligently ; remissly. That a king's children should be so convey'd, So slacklu guarded, and the search so slow That could not trace them. Shakesp. Cymbeline. SLACKN ESS. m. s. [from slack.] 1. Looseness; not tightness. 2. Negligence; inattention; remissness. It concerneth the duty of the church by law to provide, that the looseness and slackness of men may not cause the commandments of God to be unexecuted. Hooker. These thy offices So rarely kind, are as interpreters Of my behind-hand slackness. Shak, Winter's Tale. From man's effeminate slackness it begins, Who should better hold his place . By wisdom, and superior gifts, receiv'd. Milton's Parad. Lost. 3. Want of tendency. When they have no disposition to shoot out above their lips, there is a slackness to heal, and a cure is very difficulty, effected. Sharp's Surgery. 4. Weakness; not force; not intenseness. Through the slackness of motion, or long banishment from the air, it might gather some aptness to putresy. Brerewood, SLAG. m. s. The dross, or recrement of
metal. Not only the calces but the glasses of metal may be of differing colours from the natural colour of the metal, as I have observed about the glass or slag of copper. Boyle. SLA 1 E. m. s. A weaver's reed. Ainsw.
SLAIN. The participle passive of slay. The slain of the Lord shall be many. Is. lxvi. 16. The king grew vain, Fought all his battles o'er again; And thrice he routed all his foes, and thrice he slew the slain. Dryden. To SLAK E. v. a. [from slack, Skinner; from slock, Island. to quench, Mr. Lye.] 1. To quench; to extinguish. He did always strive Himself with salves to health for to restore, And slake the heavenly fire that raged evermore. Spenser. If I digg'd up thy forefathers graves, And hung their rôtten coffins up in chains, It could not slake mine ire, nor ease my heart. Shakesp. Henry VI. She with her cold hand slakes His spirits, the sparks of lifo, and chills his heart. Crashaw. From Itilus' head A lambent flame arose, which gently spread Around his brow, and on his templés fed : Amaz'd, with running water we prepare To quench the sacred fire, and slike his hair. Dry. The fragrant fruit from bending branches shake, And with the crystal stream their thirst at pleasure slake. Blackmore's Credition Coarse are his meals, the fortune of the chace; Amidst the running stream he slakes his thirst. . Addison's Cato. 2. It is used of lime: so that it is uncertain whether the original notion of To slack or slake lime, be to powder or quench it.
That which he saw happened to be fresh line, and gathered before any rain had fallen to stake it. Isoodward. To SLAKE. r. n. [This is apparently from slack.]
1. To grow less tense; to be relaxed. If she the body's nature did partake, Her strength would with "le body's strength decay; But when the body's strongest sinews slake, Then is the soul most active, quick, and gay. - - Davies. 2. To go out; to be extinguished. She perceiving that his fline did slake, And lov'd her only for his trophy's sake. Brown To SLAM. v. a. [lema, Island. schlagen, Dut..] To slaughter; to crush. A word not used but in low conversation. To SLANDER. v. a. s. sclaundrie, Fr. scandalum, Lat.] To censure falsely; to belie. Slander Valentine With falsehood, cowardice and poor descent Shak. He hath slandered thy servant unto the king. - 2 Sam. xix. 27. Give me leave to speak as earnestly in truly commending it, as you have done in untruly and unkildly defacing and slandering it. Whitgiste. Thou dost with lies the throne invade, By practice harden'd in thy sland'ring trade; Obtending heav'n for whate'er ills befall, And sputt'ring under specious names they gall. Dr of all her dears she never slander'd one, But cares not if a thousand are undone. SLANDER. n. s. (from the verb.] 1. False invective. When slanders do not live in tongues; When cut-purses come not to throngs. Shakesp. King Lear. Since that, we hear he is in arms, We think not so; Yet charge the consul with our harms, That let him go: So in our censure of the state We still do wander, And nake the careful magistrate The mark of slander. Ben Jonson's Cataline. We are not to be dejected by the slanders and calumnies of bad men, because our integrity shall then be cleared by him who cannot err in judgment. Nelson. 2. Disgrace; reproach. Thou slander of thy mother's heavy womb Thou loathed issue of thy father's loins. - - Shakesp. Richard III. 3. Disreputation; ill name. You shall not find me, daughter, After the slander of most stepmothers, Ill-eyed unto you. Shakesp. SLANDERER. m. s. [from slander.] One who belies another; one who lays false imputations on another. In your servants suffer any offence against yourself rather than against God: endure not that they should be railers, slanderers, telltales or sowers of dissension. Taylor Thou shalt answer for this, thou slanderer!Dryd. SLANDERous. adj. [from slander.] 1. Uttering reproachful falsehoods. What king so strong Can tie the gall up in the slanderous tongue? Shak. To me belongs The care to shun the blast of sland’rous tongues: Let malice, prone the virtuous to defame, Thus with vile censure taint my spotless name.
Pope. 2. Containing reproachful falsehoods; calumnious. I was never able till now to choke the mouth of such detractors with the certain knowledge of their slanderous untruths. Spenser on Ireland. * We lay these honours on this man, To ease ourselves of divers sland'rous loads. Shakesp. Julius Casar. As by flattery a man opens his bosom to his
Oblique; not direct; not perpendicular. Late the clouds
Justling, or push'd with winds, rude in their shock,
Time the slant lightning; whose thwart flaine grivn
down Kindles the gummy bark of fir aid pine. Milton. The sun Around the globe describes th’ megnator line; By which wise means he can the whole survey, With a direct or with a slanting ray, In the succession of a night and day. Blackmore. SLANTLY. adv. [from slant..] ObSLA'N'Twise. s liquely; not perpendicularly; slope. Some maketh a hollowness half a foot deep. With fower sets in it, set slanticise asteep. Tusser. SLAP. m. s. [schlap, Germ.] A blow. Properly with the hand open, or with something rather broad than sharp. The laugh, the slap, the jocund curse go round. homson. SLAP. adv. [from the noun..] With a sudden and violent blow. Peg's servants complained; and if they offered to come into the warehouse, then straight went the T.'s slap over their noddle. Arbuth. Hist. of J.B.u. o SLAP. v. a. [from the noun..] To strike with a slap. Dick, who this long had passive sat, Here stroak'd his chin, and cock'd his hat; Then slap't his hand upon the board, And thus the youth put in his word. Prior. SLAPDA's H. interj. [from slap and dash.] All at once: as any thing broad falls with a slap into the water, and dashes it about. A low word. And yet, slapdash, is all again In ev'ry sinew, lierve, and vein. - Prior. To SLASH. v. a. [slasa to strike, Island.] 1. To cut; to cut with long cuts. 2. To lash. Slash is improper. Daniel, a sprightly swain, that us'd to slash The vig'rous steeds that drew his lord's calash, To Peggy's side inclin'd. King. To SLASH. v. n. To strike at random with a sword; to lay about him. The knights with their F. burning blades Broke their rude troops, and order did confound, Howing and slashing at their idle shades. Fairy Q. Not that I'd lop the beauties from his book, Like slashing Bentley with his desp'rate hook. Pope. SLASH. n.s.. [from the verb.] 1. Cut ; wound. Some few received some cuts and slashes that had drawn blood. Clarendon. 2. A cut in cloth. What! this a sleeve 2 Here's snip and nip, and cut, and slish and slash, Like to a censor in a barber's shop. Shakesp. Distinguish’d slashes deck the great: As each excels in birth or state,
His oylet-holes are more and ampler: . The king's own body was a samples. Prior. SLAtch. n.s. [a sea term.] The middle part of a rope or cable that hangs down loose. Bailey. SLATE. m. s. [from slit.: slate is in some counties a crack; or from esclate, a tile, Fr.] A grey stone, easily broken into thin plates, which are used to cover houses, or to write upon. A square cannot be so truly drawn upon a slate as it is conceived in the . Grew's Cosmologia. A small piece of a flat slate the ants laid over the hole of their nest, when they foresaw it would rain. Addison's Spectator. To SLATE. v. a. [from the noun..] To cover the roof; to tile. Sonnets and elegies to Chloris Would raise a house about two stories, A lyrick ode would slate. Swift. SLATER. m. s. [from slate.] One who covers with slates or tiles. SLATTERN. n.s.. [slaetti, Swed.] A wo—
man negligent, not elegant or nice.
Gau SLA’ty. adj. [from slate.] Having the nature of slate. All the stone that is slaty, with a texture long, and parallel to the site of the stratum, will split only lengthways, or horizontally ; and if placed in any o 'tis apt to give way, start, and burst, when any considerable weight is laid upon it. Woodward on Fossils. SLAVE. m. s. [esclave, Fr. It is said to have its original from the Slavi, or Sclavonians, subdued and sold by the Venetians.]
1. One mancipated to a master; not a
freeman; a dependant.
Of guests we make them slaves loop. Milton The condition of servants was different from
what it is now, they being generally slaves, and such as were bought and sold for money. South. Perspective a painter must not want; yet without subjecting ourselves so wholly to it, as to become slaves of it. Dryden. Too, should we thus express our friendsnip, Each might receive a slave into his arms: This sun perhaps, this morning sun, 's the last That e'er shall rise on Roman liberty. Addis. Cato. 2. One that has lost the power of resistance.
Slaves to our passions we become, and then It W. impossible to govern men. Wall, r. hen once men are immersed in sensual things, and are become slaves to their passions and lusts, then are they most disposed to doubt of the existence of God. Wilkins. 3. It is used proverbially for the lowest
state of life.
Power shall not exempt the kings of the earth, and the great men, neither shall meanness excuse the poorest slave. Nelson.
To SLA v E. r. n. [from the noun..] To drudge; to moil; to toil. Had women been the makers of our laws, The men should slave at cards from morn to o wift. SLAVER. n.s. [salira, Lat, slafa, Island.] Spittle running from the mouth; drivel. Mathiolus hath a passage, that a toad conmunicates its venom not only by urine, but b the humidity and slaver of its mouth, which will not consist with truth. Brown. Of all mad creatures, if the learn’d are right, It is the slaver kills, and not the bite. Pope. To SLA v ER. v. m. [from the noun.]
1. To be smeared with rule. Should Slaver with lips as common as the stairs That mount the capitol; join gripes with hands Made hard with hourly ilo as with labour. - Shakesp. 2. To emit spittle. Miso came with scowling eyes to deliver a slavering good-morrow to the two ladies. Sidney. Why must he sputter, spawl, and slaver it, ... In vain, against the people's favourite? Swift. To SLA'v ER. v. a. To smear with drivel. Twitch'd by the slave, he mouths it more and
more, Till with white froth his gown is slaver'd o'er. Dryd. SLA’ver ER. m. s. [slabbaerd, Dut. from slaver.] One who cannot hold his spittle; a driveller; an ideot. SLAvery. n.s.. [from slave.] Servitude; the condition of a slave; the offices of a slave. If my dissentings were out of errour, weakness, or obstimacy, yet no man can think it other than the badge of slavery, by savage rudeness and importunate obtrusions of violence to have the mist of his errour dispelled. King Charles. SLAUGHTER. m. s. sonrlaux, Sax. from rlaoğan, rležan, to strike or kill.] Massacre; destruction by the sword. Sinful Macduff, They were all struck for thee! Not for their own demerits, but for mine, Fell slaughter on their souls. Shak Macbeth. On each hand slaughter and gigantick deeds Mil. The pair you see, Now friends below, in close embraces join ; But, when they leave the shady reaims of night, With mortal hate each other shall pursue : What wars, what wounds, what slaughter shall ensue ! Druden. To SLAUGHTER. v. a. [from the noun.] To massacre; to slay; to kill with the sword. Your castle is opio, your wife and babes Savagely slaughter'd. Shakesp. Macbeth.
SLAUGHTER Hous E. m. s. [slaughter and house.] House in which beasts are killed for the butcher. Away with me, all you whose souls abhor
Th’ uncleanly savour of a slaughterhouse; For I am stilled with the smell of sin. Shakesp. SLA'UGHTERMAN. m. s. [slaughter and man.] One employed in killing. The mad mothers with their howls confus'd Do break the clouds; as did the wives of Jewry, At Herod's bloody hunting slaughterman. Shak. Henry V Ten chas'd by one, Are now each one the slaughterman of twenty. Shak. So, thou fight'st against thy country men; And join'st with them will be thy slaughtermen. Shakesp. Henry VI. SLA'UGHTERous. adj. [from slaughter.] Destructive; murderous. I have supt full with horrours. Direness familiar to my slaughterous thoughts Cannot once start me. Shakcsp, Macbeth.
Slavish. adj. [from slave..] Servile;
mean; base; dependant. A thing More slavish did I ne'er, than answerin A slave without a knock. Shakesp. beline. You have among you many a purchas'd slave, Which, like your asses, and your dogs and mules, You use in abject and in slavish part, Because you bought them. Shak: Merch. of Venice. The supreme God, t' whom all things ill Are but as slavish officers of vengeance, Would send a glist'ring guardian, if need were, To keep my life and honour unassail'd. , Milton. Those are the labour'd births of slavish brains; Not the effect of poetry, but pains. Denham. Slavish bards our mutual loves rehearse In lying strains and ignominious verse. Prior. SLA'vish LY. adv. [from slavish.] Servilely; meanly. SLAvish N Ess. n.s.. [from slavish.] Seryility; meanness. To SLAY. v. a. preter: slew; part. pass. slain. [slahan, Goth. Irlean, Sax. slachten, Dut. to strike.] To kill; to
butcher; to put to death. Her father's brother Would be her lord; or shall I say her uncle? Or he that slew her brothers and her uncle? Shakesp. Richard III. Tyrant, shew thy face: If thou be'st slain, and with no stroke of mine, My wife and children's ghosts will haunt me still. Shakesp. I saw under the altar the souls of them that were slain for the word of God. Rev. vi. 2. Slay and make ready. Gen. xliii. 16. Wrath killeth the foolish man, and envy slayeth the silly one. ob, v. 2. Of Trojan chiefs he view'd a numerous train; All much lamented, all in battle slain. Drud. Hon. He must by blood and battles pow'r maintain, And slay the monarchs ere he rule the plain. Prior. SLAYER. n.s.. [from slay.] Killer; murderer; destroyer. Witness the guiltless blood Tour'd oft on ground; The crowned often slain, the slauer crown'd. Fu Qu. They slew those that were slayers of their coun trymen. Abbot. The slayer of himself yet saw I there; The gore congeal’d was clotted in his hair: With eyes half clos'd and o: mouth he lay, And grim as when he breath'd his sullen soul away. Dryden.
SLEAve. n. s. [Of this word I know not
well the meaning: sleave silk is explained by Gouldman, floccus sericus a lock of silk; and women still say, sleave the silk, for untwist it. Ainsworth calls a weaver's shuttle or reed a slay. To slay is to part a twist into single fibres.] I on a fountain light, Whose brim with pinks was platted; The banks with daffadillies dight With grass like sleave was matted. Drayt. Cynthia, SLE'AzY. adj. [often written sleezy.] Weak; wanting substance. This seems to be of the same race with sleave, or from To slay. SLED. n. s. [slard, Dan. sledde, Dut..] A carriage drawn without wheels.
The sled, the tumbril, hurdles, and the slail, These all must be prepar’d.
So frown'd he once when in an angry parle, He smote the sledded Polack on the ice. Shakesp.
SLEDGE. n. s. [rleez, Sax. sleggia,
At once upon him ran, and him beset
With strokes of nortal steel, without remorse, And on his shield like iron sledges bet. Fairy Queen. The painful smith, with foce of fervent heat, The hardest iron soon doth mollify, That with his heavy sledge he can it beat, And fashion to what he it list apply. Spenser. The uphand sledge is used by under workmen, when the work is not of the largest, yet requires help to batter and draw it out : they use it with both their hands before them, and seldom lift their hammers higher than their head. Moron It would follow that the quick stroke of a light hammer should be of greater efficacy than any softer and more gentle striking of a great sledge. Wilkin's "Mathemat. Magick. 2. A carriage without wheels, or with very
low wheels: properly a sled. See SLEd. in Lancashire they use a sort of sledge made with thick wheels, to bring their marl out, drawn with one horse. Mortimer's Husbundry. SLEEK. m. s. [sleych, Dut.} 1. Smooth; nitid; glossy. Let me have men about me that are fat, Sleek-headed men, and such as sleep a-nights. Shakesp. How eagerly ye follow my disgrace, As if it fed ye; and how sloek and wanton Y" appear in ev'rything may bring my ruin. Shak. What time the groves were clad in green, The fields all drest in flowers, And that the sleek-hair'd nymphs were seen To seek them summer bowers. Drayton As in gaze admiring, oft he bow’d His turret crest, and sleek enamell'd neck, Fawning. Milton's Parad. Lost. Thy head and hair are sleek, And then thou kemb'st the tuzzes on thy cheek. Dryden. So sleek her skin, so faultless was her make, Ev’n Juno did unwilling pleasure take Dryden.
To see so fair a rival. 2. Not rough; not harsh. Those rugged names to our like mouths grow sleek That would have made Quintilian stare and gasp. * Milton. To SLEEK. v. a. [from the adjective.] 1. To comb smooth and even. Yet are the men more loose than they, More kemb'd,and bath'd,and rubb'd,and trimm'd, More sleek'd, more soft, and slacker limb'd, B.Jons. By dead Parthenope's dear tomb, And fair Ligea's golden comb, Where with she sits on diamond rocks Sleeking her soft alluring locks. Milton. 2. To render soft, smooth, or glossy. Gentle, my lord, sleek o'er your rugged looks; Be bright and jovial 'mong your guests to-night.
Shakesp. She does sleek esp With crumbs of bread and milk, and lies a-nights In her neat gloves. Ben Jonson's Cataline. The persuasive rhetorick That sleek'd his tongue, and won so much on Eve, So little here, nay lost. Milton. A sheet of well sleek'd marble paper did not cast any of its distinct colours upon the wall. Boule. A cruise of fragrance form'd of burnish’d gold, Odour divine ! whose soft refreshing streams Sleek the smooth skin, and scent the snowy limbs.
SLEE'kston E. m. s. [sleek and stone..] A
smoothing stone. The purest pasteboard with a sleekstone rub
smooth, and as even as you can. Peacham.
To SLEEP. v. n. [slepan, Goth, rleepan, Sax. slaepen, Dut.]
1. To take rest, by suspension of the mental and corporal powers.
I've watch'd and travell'd hard : Some time I shall sleep out; the rest I'll whistle.
Where's Pede?—go you, and where you find a
maid, That, ere she sleep, hath thrice her prayers said, Rein up the organs of her fantasy ; Sleep she as sound as careless infancy ; But those that sleep, and think not on their sins, Pinch them, arms, legs, backs, shoulders, sides, and shins. Shak. Merry Wives of II'mulsor. If the man be poor, thou shalt not sleep with his ; ledge. Deuteronomy. Peace, good readers do not weep; Peace! the lovers are asleep : They, sweet turtles' folded lie In the last knot that love could tie. Let them sleep, let them sleep on, Till this storiny night be gone, And th' eternal morrow dawn; Then the curtains will be drawn, And they waken with that light Whose day shall never sleep in night. Crashaw Those who at any time sleep without dreaming, can never be convinced that their thoughts are for four hours busy without their knowing it. Locke. 2. To rest; to be motionless. Steel, if thou turn thine edge, or cut not out the burley-boned clown in chines of beefere thou sleep in thy sheath, I beseech Jove on my knees thou may st be turned into hobnails Shakesp. Henry VI. How sweet the moonlight sleeps upon this bank Here will we sit, and let the sounds of musick Creep in our ears. , Shakesp. Merchant of senice. The giddy ship, betwixt the winds and tides Forc’d i. and forwards, in a circle rides, Stunn'd with the different blows; then shoots amain, Till counterbuff'd she stops, and sleeps again. Dry. 3. To live thoughtlessly. We sleep over our happiness, and want to be roused into a quick thankful sense of it. Atterb. 4. To be dead: death being a state from which man will some time awake. If we believe that Jesus died and rose again, even so them also which sleep in Jesus will God bring with him. hess, A person is said to be dead to us, because we cannot raise from the grave; though he only sleeps unto God, who can raise from the chamber of death. Ayliffe's Parergon. 5. To be inattentive; not vigilant. Heaven will one day open The king's eyes, that so long have slept upon This bold bad man. hakesp. #; VIII. 6. To be unnoticed, or unattended. You ever Have wish'd the sleeping of this business, never Desir'd it to be stirr'd. Shakesp. Henry VIII. SLEEP. m. s. [from the verb.] Repose; rest; suspension of the mental or corporal power; slumber. Methought I heard a voice cry, Sleep no more Macbeth i. murder sleep; the innocent sleep; Sleep, that knits up the ravell'd sleeve of care ; The birth of each day's life, sore labour's bath, Balm of hurt minds, great nature's second course, Chief nourisher in life's feast. Shakesp. Macbeth. That slee, emight sweetly seale His restfull eyes, he enter'd, and in his bed In silence took. Chapman. Cold calleth the spirits to succour, and therefore they cannot so well close and go together in the head, which is ever requisite to sleep. And, for the same cause, pain and noise hinder sleep; and darkness furthereth sleep. con. Beasts that sleep in winter, as wild bears, during their sleep wax very fat, though they eat nothing. Bacon. His fasten’d hands the rudder keep, And, fix'd on heav'n, his eyes repel invading sleep. Dryden. Hermes o'er his head in air appear'd, His hat adoru'd with wings disclos'd the god, And in his hand the sleep compelling rod. Dryden. Infants spend the greatest part of their time in sleep, and are seldom awake but when hunger calls for the teat, or some pain forces the mind to perceive it. Locke. SLEEPER. m. s. [from sleep.]
1. One who sleeps; one who is not awake.
Sound, musick; come, my queen, take hair
with me, And rock the ground whereon these sleepersbe.so §. the business, That such an hideous trumpet calls to parley The sleepers of the house 2 Shakesp. Mart-ta. In some countries, a plant which shutteth in the night, openeth in the morning, and opereth wide at noon, the inhabitants say is a plant that sleepeth. There be steepers enow then ; for almost all flowers do the like. Baron. Night is indeed the province of his reign; Yet ail his dark exploits no more contain Thai, a spy taken, and a sleeper slain. 2. A lazy inactive drone. He must be no great eater, drinker, nor sleeper, that will discipline his senses, and exert his misc; every worthy undertaking requir. Loth. . Øres 3. That which lies dormant, or without effect. Let penal laws, if they have been sleepers of long, or if grown unifit for the present time, to by wise judges confined in the execution. Baron. 4. [Erocaetus.] A fish. Ainsworth. SLEE'Pily. adv. [from sleep.] 1. Drowsily; with desire to sleep. 2. Dully; lazily. 1 rather chuse to endure the wounds of these darts which envy casteth, at novelty, than to go on safely and sleepily in the easy ways of ancient mistakings. Raleigh. 3. Stupidly. He would make us believe that Luther in these actions pretended to authority, forgetting what he had sleeply owned before. Atterbury. SLEEPINEss. n s. [from sleepy.] Drowsiness; disposition to sleep; inability to keep awake. Watchfulness precedes too great sleepiness, and is the most ill-boding symptoms of a fever. Arbuth.
The field To labour calls us, now with sweat impos'd, Though after sleepless night. Milton's Parad. Last While pensive poets painful vigils keep, Sleepless themselves to give their readers sieep. Pope SLEEPY. adj. [from sleep.] 1. Drowsy; disposed to sleep. 2. Not awake. Why did you bring these daggers from the place: They must lie there. , Go, carry them, and smear The sleepy grooms with blood. Shakesp. Macbeth. She wak'd her sleepy crew, And, rising hasty, took a short adieu. Dryden. 3. Soporiferous; somniferous; causing sleep. We will give you sleepy drinks, that your senses unintelligent of our insufficience, may, though they cannot praise us, as little accuse us. Shakesp. If inter's Tul. 1...et such bethink them, if the sleepu drench Of that forgetful lake benumb not still. Milton. I ...; about eight hours, and no wonder for the physicians hif mingled a sleepy potion in the wine. Guito. SLEET. n.s. [perhaps from the Danish slet.] A kind of smooth small hail or snow, not falling in flakes, but single particles. Now van to van the foremost squadrons meet, The midmost battles hast'ning up behind, Who view, far off, the storin of falling sleet, And hear their thunder rattling in the wind.Disi. Perpetual sleet and driving snow Obscure the skies, and hang on herds below: Huge oxen stand inclos'd in wintry walls Of snow congeal’d. yees. Rains would have been pour'd down, as the vapours became cooler; next sleet, then snow and ice. Cheyne. To SLEET "... n. [from the noun..] To
snow in small particles, intermixed with rain. Slee’ty. adj. [from the noun..] Bringing sleet. SLEEve. n.s. [rlip, Sax.] 1. The part of a garment that covers the arms. Once my well-waiting eyes espied my treasure, With sleeves turn'd up, loose hair, and breast enlarged, Her father's corn moving her fair limbs, measure. Sidney. The deep smock sleeve, which the Irish women use, they say, was old Spanish; and yet that should seem rather to be an old English fashion: for in armory, the fashion of the manche, which is iven in arms, being nothing else but a sleeve, is ashioned muck like to that sleeve; and knights, in ancient times, used to wear their mistress's or love's sleeve upon their arms. Sir Launcelot wore the sleeve of the fair maid of Astelothin a tourney. Spenser's Ireland. Your hose should be ungartered, your sleeve unbuttoned, your shoe . demonstrating a careless desolation. §. You would think a smock a she-angel, he so chants to the sleeve band, and the work about the square on't. Shakesp. He was cloathed in cloth, with wide sleeves and capa. con. In velvet white as snow the troop was gown'd, Their hoods and sleeves the same. wden. 2. Sleeve, in some provinces, signifies a
knot or skein of silk, which is by some
very probably supposed to be its meaning|
in the following passage. [See SLEAve.] The innocent sleep; Sleep that knits up the ravell'd sleeve of care. Shak. 3. Sleeve, Dut. signifies a cover; anything spread over; which seems to be the sense * of sleeve in the proverbial phrase. A brace of sharpers laugh at the whole roguery in their sleeves. L'Estrange. * Men know themselves utterly void of those * qualities which the impudent sycophant ascribes * to them, and in his sleeve laughs at them for be* lieving. South's Sermons. John laughed heartily in his sleeve at the pride of the esquire. Arbuth. Hist. of John Bull. 1.To hang on a sleeve; to make dependent. It is not for a man which doth know, or should know, what orders, and what peaceable govern
iudgment upon the church's sleeve, and why in matters of orders more than in matters of doctrine. Hooker.
j. [Lolligo, Lat.] A fish. Ainsworth. Slee'ved, adj. [from sleeve..] Having sleeves. Sleeveless. adj. [from sleeve.] 4. Wanting sleeves; having no sleeves.
ment required, to ask why we should hang our
* His clothes were strange tho' coarse, and black o tho' bare ; * Sleeveless his jerkin was, and it had been Velvet; but 'twas now, so much ground was seen, Become tuftaffaty. Domne. . They put on sleeveless coats of home-spun cotton. Sandys. * ... Behold yon isle by palmers, pilgrims trod, Grave mummers' sleeveless some, and shirtless others. Pope. !. Wanting reasonableness; wanting propriety; wanting solidity. [This sense, of which the wool has been long possessed, I know not well how it obtained. Skinner thinks it properly liveless or lifeless: * to this I cannot heartily agree, though I * know not what better to suggest. Can it * eome from sleeve a knot or skein, and so
o signify unconnected, hanging ill toge
ther? or from sleeve a cover, and therefore means plainly absurd, foolish without palliation?] This sleeveless tale of transubstantiation was brought into the world by that other fable of the multipresence. Hall. My landlady quarrelled with him for sending every one of her children on a sleeveless errand, as she calls it. - Spectator. SLEight. m. s. [slag'd cunning, Island.] Artful trick; cunning artifice; dexterous practice: as, sleight of hand, the tricks of a juggler. This is often written, but less properly, slight. He that exhorted to beware f an enemy's policy, doth not give counsel to be impolite; but rather to be all prudent foresight, lest our simplicity be over-reached by cunning sleights. Hook. §: Una to the red cross knight Betrothed is with joy; Though false Duessa, it to bar, Her false sleights do employ. Fairy Queen. Upon the corner of the moon There hangs a vap'rous drop profound; I'll catch it ere it come to ground ; And that, distill'd by magick sleights, Shall raise such artificial o As, by the strength of their illusion, Shall draw him on to his confusion. Shak. Macb. Out stept the ample size Of mighty Ajax, huge in strength; to him, Laertes's son, The crafty one as huge in sleight. She could not so convey The massy substance of that idol great; What sleight had she the wardens to betray? What strength to heave the goddess from her seat? Fairfax.
In the wily snake Whatever sleights, none would suspicious mark, As from his wit and native subtilty Proceeding. Doubtless the pleasure is as great Of being cheated, as to cheat; As lookers on feel most delight, That least perceive the juggler's sleight. Hudib. Good humour is but a sleight of hand, or a faculty making truths le. k like appearances, or "Poo like truths. L'Estrange. When we hear death related, we are all willing to favour the slight, when the poet does not too grossly impose upon us. Dryden. While innocent he scorns ignoble flight, His honest friends preserve him by a sleight. Swift.
SLE'NDER. adj. [slinder, Dut.] 1. Thin; small in circumference com
pared with the length; not thick. So thick the roses bushing round
About her glow'd ; half stooping to support
Each flow'r of slender stalk. Milton.
2. Small in the waist; having a fine shape. What slender youth,bedev'd with liquid odours, Courts thee on roses in some pleasant cave? Milton. Beauteous Helen shines among the rest, Tall, slender,straight,with all the graces blest. Dry. 3. Not bulky; slight; not strong. Love in these labyrinths his slaves detains, And mighty hearts are held in slender chains. Pope. 4. Small; inconsiderable; weak. Yet they, who claim the general assent of the whole world unto that which they teach, and do not fear to give very hard and heavy sentence upon as many as refuse to embrace the same, must have special regard, that their first foundations and grounds be more than slender probabilities. Hooker. Where joy most revels, grief doth most lament; Grief joys, joy grieves, on slender accident.Shak. Positively to define that season, there is no slender difficulty. Brown's Vulg, Err. It is a very er comfort that relies upon this nice distinction, between things being troublesome, and being evils; when all the evil of affliction lies in the trouble it creates to us. Tillotson.
5. Sparing; less than enough: as, a slender estate, and slender parts.
At my lodging, The worst is this, that at so slender warming, You're like to have a thin and slender pittance.
- Shakesp. 6. Not amply supplied. The good Ostorious often deign'd To grace my slender table with his presence. Phil. In obstructions inflammatory, the aliment ought to be cool, slender, thin, diluting. rbuthnot. SLE'N DeRLY. adv. [from slender.] 1. Without bulk.
2. Slightly; meanly. If the debt be ...; we know not what ma be deemed just, neither is it a sum to be slenderly regarded. Hauward. f I have done well, it is that which I desired; but if slenderly and meanly, it is that which I could attain to. Maccabees. SLENDERNess. n. s. [from slender.] 1. Thinness; smallness of circumference. Small whistles give a sound because of their extreme slenderness, the air is more pent than in a wider pipe. coreTheir colours arise from the thinness of the transparent parts of the feathers; that is, from the erness of the very fine hairs or capillamenta, which grow out of the sides of the grosser lateral branches or fibres of those feathers. Newton. 2. Want of bulk or strength. It is preceded by a spitting of blood, occasioned by its acrimony, and too great a projectile motion with slenderness and weakness of the vessels. - Arbuthnot on Pict. 3. Slightness; weakness; inconsiderableness. The slenderness of your reasons against the book, together with the inconvenienceies that must of necessity follow, have procured a great credit upon it. Whitgifte. 4. Want of plenty. SLEPT. The preterite of sleep. Silence; coeval with etermity, Thou wertere nature first began to be, 'Twas one vast nothing all, and all slept fast *::::: ope. SLEw. The preterite of slay. He slew Hamet, a great commander among the Numidians, and chased Benchades and Amida, two of their greatest princes, out of the country. Knolles's History of the Turks. To SLEY. v. n. [See To SLEAve.] To part or twist into threads. Why art thou then exasperate, thou immaterial skein of sley'd silk? Shakesp. To Slice. v. a. s.r.lrcan, Sax.] 1. To cut into flat pieces. Their cooks make no more ado, but, slicing it into little gobbets, prick it on a prong of iron, and hang it in a furnace. Sandy's Journey. The residue were on foot, well furnished with jack and skull, pikes and slicing swords; broad, thin, aud of an excellent temper. Hayward. 2. To cut into parts. Nature lost one by thee, and therefore must Slice one in two to keep her number just. Cleavel. 3. To cut off in a broad piece. When hungry thou stood'st staring like an oaf, 1slie'd t e luncheon from the barley loaf. Gay. 4. To cut; to divide. Princes and tyrants slice the earth *. urnet. Slice. n.s. [rlize, Sax, from the verb.] 1. A broad piece cut off. Hacking of trees in their bark, both downright and across, so as you may make them rather in slices than in continued backs, doth great good to trees. Bacon. You need not wipe your knife to cut bread; because in cutting a slice or two it will wipe itself.
Swift. He from out the chimney took A slitch of bacon off the hook, And freely, from the fattest side, Cut out large slices to be fried. Swift.
ope. 3. A broad head fixed in a handle; a peel;
a spatula. The pelican hath a beak broad and flat, much like the slice of apothecaries, with which they spread plaisters. Hakewill. When burning with the iron in it, with the slice clap the coals upon the outside close together, to keep the heat in. Moton. Slick. adj. [slickt, Dut. See SLEEK.] Whom silver-bow'd Apollo bred, in the Pierian mead, Both slicke and daintie, yet were both in warre of wond'rous dread. Chapman. Glass attracts but weakly ; some slick stones and thick glasses indifferently. Brown's sug. Err. SLID. The preterite of slide. At first the silent venom slid with ease, And seiz'd her cooler senses by degrees. Dru.AFn. From the tops of heav'n's steep hill she slid, And straight so Greeks swift ships she reacht. Chapman.
SLI'd DEN. The participle passive of
slide. Why is this people slidden back, by a perpetual bo '* j, ...". To SLI'D DER. v. m. [slidderen, Dut.] To slide with interruption. Go thou from nue to fate, Now die: with that he dragg'd the trembling sire, Slidd'ring through clotted #. Dryden. The tempter saw the danger in a trice; For the man slidder'd upon fortune's ice. Harte. To SLIDE. v. m. slid, preterite; slidden, participle pass. [rhban, rhbenbe, sliding, Sax. slijden, Dut. ys-lithe, Welsh.] 1. To pass along smoothly; to slip; to glide. Sounds do not only slide upon the surface of a smooth body, but communicate with the spirits in the pores. con. Ulysses, Stheneleus, Tisander slide Down by a rol e, Machaq was their guide, Denh. 2. To move without change of the foot. Oh, Ladou ! happy Ladon rather slide than run by her, lest thou shouldst make her legs so from her. Sidney. Smooth sliding without step. Milton. He that once sins, like him that slides on ice, Goes swiftly down the slippery ways of vice: Though conscience checks him, yet, those rubs gone o'er, He slides on smoothly, and looks back no more. - Dryden. 3. To pass inadvertently. Make a door and a bar for thy mouth : beware thou slide not by it. cclus. xxviii. 26. 4. To p. unnoticed. In the princess I could find no apprehension of what 1 said or did, but a calm carelessness, letting every thing slide justly, as we do by their speeches, who neither in matter nor person do any way belong unto us. Sidney.
5. To pass along by silent and unobserved
Hate all, shew charity to none ;
Then no day void of bliss, of pleasure, leaving, Ages shall slide away without perceiving. Dryden.
Rescue me from their ignoble hands:
Let me kiss yours when you my wound begin, Then easy death will slide with pleasure in. Dryd.
Their eye slides over the pages, or the words slide over their eyes, and vanish like a rhapsody to evening tales. #.
6. To pass silently and gradually from
good to bad.
Nor could they have slid into those brutish im
moralities of life, had they duly manured those first practical notions and dictates of right ". outh.
7. To pass without difficulty or obstruc
tion. Such of them should be retained as slide easily of themselves into English coupounds, without violence to the ear. Pope. Begin with sense, of every art the soul, Parts answering parts shall slide into a whole; Nature shall join you, time shall make it grow A work to wonder at. - Pope. 8. To move upon the ice by a single impulse, without change of feet. The gallants dancing by the river side, They bathe in summer, and in winter slide. Wall. 9. To fall by errour. The discovering and reprehension of these colours cannot be done but out of a very universal knowledge of things, which so cleareth man's judgment, as it is the less apt to slue into any erro ur. Bacon. 10. To be not firm. Ye fair | - - - Be greatly cautious of your sliding hearts. Thoms. 11. To pass with a free and gentle course or flow.
SLIGHT. adj. [slicht, Dut.] 1. Small ; worthless; inconsiderable. Is Caesar with Antonius priz'd so slight : Shak. Their arms, their arts, their manners I disclose ; Slight is the subject, but the praise not small, if heav'n assist, and Phoebus hear my call. Dryd. Slight is the subject, but not so the praise, If she inspire, and he approve my lays. Pope. 2. Not important; not cogent; weak. Some firmly embrace doctrines upon slight grounds, some upon no grounds, and some contrary to appearance. Locke. 3. Negligent; not vehement; not done with effort. The shaking of the head is a gesture of slight refusal. Bacon. He in contempt At one slight bound high overleap'd all bound.
Milton. 4. Foolish; weak of mind. No beast ever was so slight For man, as for his God, to fight. Hudibras.
with slight of hand, and taking from his own score and adding to John's, Nic brought the balance to his own side. Arhuthnot.
To Sleight. v. a. [from the adjective.] 1. To neglect; to disregard. Beware Lest they transgress and slight that sole command. MussoYou cannot expect your son should have any regard for one whom he sees you slight. Loz. 2. To throw carelessly : unless in this passage to slight be the same with to sling. The rogues slighted me into the river with as little reluoise as they would have drowned pupies. Shaker. 3. [Slighten, Dut..] To overthrow; to demolish. Junius. Skinner. Ainsworth. 4. To slight over. To treat or perform carelessly. These men, when they have promised great matters, and failed most shamefully, if they have the perfection of boldness, will but slight it ser, and no more ado. Bacon's Esau. His death and your deliverance Were themes that uught not to be slighted ate". rotas. SLI GHTER. m. s. [from slight.] One who disregards.
SLI'GHTINGLY. adv. [from slighting.] Without reverence; with contempt. If my sceptick speaks slightinglu of the o inicos he opposes, I have done no more than became the part. Book. SlightLY. adv. [from slight.] 1. Negligently; without regard. Words, both because they are cominon, and “o not so strongly move the fancy of inail. are for the most part slightly heard. Hocker. Leave nothing fitting for the purpose Untouch'd, or slightly handled in discourse. Shak. You were to blanne To part so slightly with your wife's first gift Sock. The letter-writer dissembles his knowledge of this restriction, and contents himself slightly to inention it towards the close of his pamphlet. Atterbury. 2. Scornfully; contemptuously. Long had the Gallick monarch, uncontroul’d, Enlarg'o his borders, and of human force Opponent slightly thought. 3. Weakly; without force. Scorn not The facile gates of hell too slightly barr'd. Mil:s. 4. Without worth.
SLIGHTNESS. m. s. [from slight.] 1. Weakness; want of strength. 2. Negligence; want of attention; want
Where gentry, title, wisdom, Cannot conclude but by the yea and no Of general ignorance, it must omit Real necessities, and give way the while Tunstable slightness. akesp. Corio
What strong cries must they be that shall grown so loud a clamour of impieties' and how does it reproach the slightness of our sleepy heartless ad
with cunning secrecy ; with subtile