[ocr errors]

3 PHErical.l. adj. [spherique, Fr. from PHE Rick. sphere.]

-- Round; orbicular; globular, * . What descent of waters could there be in a spherical and round body, wherein there is nor high nor - low f Raleigh. Though sounds spread round, so that there is an orb or spherical area of the sound, yet they go far" thest in the forelines from the first local impulsion of the air. Bacon. * By discerninent of the moisture drawn up in a vapours, we must know the reason of the spherical a figures of the drops. Glanville. * . A fluid mass necessarily falls into a spherical suror face. Keil. Where the central module was globular, the inner surface of the first crust would be spherick; and * if the crust was in all parts of the same thickness, - that whole crust o be spherical. Woodward. o. Planetary; relating to the orbs of the

* planets.

* We make guilty of our disasters the sun, the moon, and stars, as if we were villains by spherical predominance. hakesp;

SPHE'Rica LLY. adv. [from spherical.]

... In form of a sphere. SPHE'RICALNess. R. m. s. [from sphere.] SPHERI'CITY. Roundness; rotun|- dity. • Such bodies receive their figure and limits from such lets as hinder them from attaining to that sphericalness they aim at. . Digby. Water consists of small, smooth, spherical particles: their smoothness makes 'em slip easily upon one another; the sphericity keeps 'em from touching one another in more points than one. - Cheyne's Philosophical Principles. SPHEROID. m. s. separez and #33.5 a spheroide, Fr.] A body oblong or oblate, * approaching to the form of a sphere. - They are not solid particles, by the necessity they a are under to change their figures into oblong spheroids, in the capillary vessels, Cheyne's Phil. Prin. SPHERoi"DicAL. adj. [from spheroid.]

* Having the form of a spheroid. -- If these corpuscles be spheroidical, or oval, their * shortest diameters must not be much greater than

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

Mercury is a collection of exceeding small, vastly heavy spherules. Cheyne's Philosophical Principles. SpH.I.Nx. m. s. sepoy: ] The sphinr was a famous monster in Egypt, that * remained by conjoined Nilus, having the face of a virgin, and the body of a lion. Peach, on Drawing. SPI’AL. n.s.[espial, Fr.] A spy; a scout; a watcher. Obsolete. His ears be as spials, alarum to crie. Tuss. Husb. He privy spials plac'd in all his way, To weet what course he takes, and how he fares. Spenser. For he by faithful spial was assur'd That Egypt's king was forward on his way. o Fairfar. Their trust towards them hath rather been as to good spials and good whisperers, than good magistrates and officers. Bacon.

[blocks in formation]

2. A small quantity, as of spice to the

thing seasoned. Think what they have done, And then run stark mad; for all Thy by-gone fooleries were but spices of it. Shakesp. f containeth singular relations, not without some spire or sprinkling of all learning. Brown's Vulgar Errours. So in the wicked there's no vice, Of which the saints have not a spice. Hudibras To Spice. v. a. [from the noun..] To season with spice; to mix with aro

matick bodies. His mother was a vot’ress of my order, And in the spiced Indian air by might Full often she hath gossip'd by my side. Shakesp. With a festivall She'll first receive thee; but will spice thy bread With flowrie poysons. Chapman. These hymns may work on future wits, and so May great-grandchildren of thy praises grow; And so, though not revive, embalm and spice The world, which else would putrify with vice. Donne. What though some have a fraught Of cloves and nutmegs, and in cinnamon sail, If thou hast where withal to spice a draught, When griefs prevail? over. SPI'cER. m. s. [from spice.] One who deals in spice. Names have been derived from occupations, as Salter and Spicer. Camden. SPI'cery. n.s. [espiceries, Fr. from spice.]

1. The commodity of spices. Their camels were loaden with spiceru, and balm and myrrh. Raleigh's History of the World. She in whose body The western treasure, easterii spicery, Europe and Africk, and the unknown rest, Were easily found. 2. A repository of spices. The spicery, the cellar and its furniture, are too well known to be here insisted upon. Add. on Italy.

Spick and SPAN. [This word I should not have expected to have found authorized by a polite writer. Span-new is used by Chaucer, and is supposed to come from rpannan to stretch, Sax. expandere, Lat. whence span. Span-new is therefore originally used of cloth new extended or dressed at the clothiers, and spick and span is newly extended on the spikes or tenters: it is however a low word.]

Quite new ; now first used. While the honour thou hast got Is spick and span new, piping hot,


Strike her up bravely. Butler. They would have these reduced toothing, and then others created spick and span t of nothing. burnet. I keep no antiquated stuff; But spick and spun I have enough. Swift.

[ocr errors]


Off at sea north-east winds blow Sabaean odour, from the spicy shore Of Araby the blest; with such delay Well pleas'd they slack their course; and many a

league, Cheer'd with the grateful smell, old ocean smiles. Milton. For them the Idumaean balm did sweat,

And in hot Ceilon spicy forests grew.

tue, the spice and salt that seasons a man? Shakesp. Troilus and Cressida. Garlick, the northern spice, is in mighty request among the lindians. Temple. o sauces and rich spices are fetched from the Indies.

Vol. II.

[ocr errors]


em. 2. Aromatick; having the qualities of spice. The regimen in this disease ought to be of spicy and cephalick vegetables, to dispel the viscosity. Arbuthnot on Diet. Under southern skies exalt their sails, Led by new stars, and borne by spicy gales! Pope.

Spico'sity. n. s. [spica, Lat.] The quality of being spiked like ears of corn; fulness of ears. Dict. SPIDER. n.s. [Skinner thinks this word softened from spinder, or spinner, from spin. Junius, with his usual felicity, dreams that it comes from a río, to extend; for the spider extends his web. Perhaps it comes from spieden, Dut. speyden, Dan. to spy, to lie upon the catch. Don, bona, Sax. is a beetle, or properly an humble bee, or stingless bee. May not spider be spy dor, the insect that watches the dor?] The animal

that spins a web for flies. More direful hap betide that hated wretch, Than I can wish to adders, spiders, toads. Shakesp. The spider's weh to watch we’ll stand, And, when it takes the bee, We'll help out of the tyrant's hand The innocent to free. Insidious, restless, watchful spider, Fear no officious damsel's broom; Extend thy artful fabrick wider, And spread thy banners round my room: While I thy curious fabrick stare at, And think on hapless poet's fate, Like thee confin'd to noisome garret, And rudely banish'd rooms of state. Littleton. The spider's touch how exquisitely fine! Feels at each thread, and lives along the line. Pope. SPI'DeRCAtchER. n. s. [from spider and catcher; picus murarius, Lat.] A bird. SP1’DERwort n. s. [phalangium, Lat.] A plant with a lily-flower, composed of six petals. Miller. SPI'GNEL. m. s. (meum, Lat.] A plant. See SPICKN ELL. SPI'Got. n. s. [spijcker, Dut..] A pin or peg put into the faucet to keep in the

[ocr errors][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small]

militude to an ear. For the body of the ships, no nation equals England for the oaken timber; and we need not borrow of any other iron for spikes or nails to fasten them. Bacon. The head of your medal would be seen to more advantage, if it were placed on a spike of the tower. era. He wears on his head the corona radiata, another type of his divinity : the spikes that shoot out represent the rays of the sun. Addio. SPIKE. m. s. The name of a plant. This is a smaller species of lavender. The oil of spike is much used }. our artificers in their varnishes; but it is generally adulterated. Hill's Materiu Medica. To Spike. v. a. [from the noun.] 1. To fasten with long nails. lay long planks upon them, pinned or spiked down to the pieces of oak on which they lie. I lank Moxon's Mechanical Exercises. Lay long planks upon them, spiking or pinning them down fast. Mortimer's Husbandry.

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[blocks in formation]

not whence derived. The bishops, who consecrated this ground, were wont to have a spill or sportule from tie credulous raity. Auliffe. To SPILL v. a. [rpillan, Sax. spillen,

Dut. spilla, Island.]

1. To shed; to lose by shedding.
Be satisfied, dear God, with our true blood,
Which, as thou know'st, unjustly must be spilt.
Friend or brother,
He forfeits his own blood that spills another.
Shakesp. Timon.
Themselves exact their cruelty,
And I constrained am this blood to spill.
Daniel's Civil War.
They having spill'd much blood, and done much
Subduing nations; and achiev'd therehy
Fame in the world, high titles, and rich prey;
Shall change their course to pleasure, ease, and
sloth. Milton.
Medea must not draw her murth'ring knife,
And spill her children's blood upon the stage.
Orbellan did disgrace
With treach’rous deeds our mighty mother's race;
And to revenge his blood, so justly spilt,
What is it less than to partake his guilt? Dryden.
Nur the Centaur's tale
Be here repeated ; how with lust and wine
Inflam’d, they fought and spilt their drunken souls
At feasting hour. - - - Philips.
2. To destroy; to mischief. -
Thus is our thought with pain of thistle tilled,
Thus be our noblest parts dried up with sorrow ;
Thus is our mind with too much minding spilled.
Why are you so fierce and cruel?
Is it because your eyes have power to kill?
Then know that mercy is the Mighty's jewel,
And greater glory think to save than spill. Spenser.
Thou all-shaking thunder,


[ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][merged small]

Spilth. n. s. [from spill.] Any thing poured out or wasted. Our vaults have wept with drunken spilth of wine. Shakesp. To SPIN. v. a. preter. spun or span : part, spun. [rpinnan, Sax, spinnen, Dut.] 1. To draw out into threads. The women spun goats hair. Ex. xxxv. 26. 2. To form threads by drawing out and

twisting any filamentous matter You would be another, Penelope; yet all the yarn she spun, in Ulysses's absence, did but fill lthaca full of moths. Shakesp. The fates but only spin the coarser clue; The finest of the wool is left for you. Dryden. 3. To protract; to draw out. By one delay after another, they spin out their wo. lives, till there's no more future left before 'em. L'Estrange. Why should Rome fall a moment ere her time : No, let us draw her term of freedom out In its full length, and spin it to the last. Addison's Cato. 4. To form by degrees; to draw out

tediously. I passed lightly over many particulars, on which learned and witty men might spin out large volumes. Digbu. If his cure lies among the lawyers, let nothing be said against intangling property, spinning out causes, and squeezing clients. Collier. Men of large thoughts and quick apprehensions are ot to expect any thing here, but what, being spun out of my own coarse thoughts, is fitted to men of my own size. ocke. The lines are weak, another 's pleas'd to say ; Lord, Fanny spins a thousand such a day. Pope. 5. To put into a turning motion, as a boy's top. To SPIN. p. m. 1. To exercise the art of spinning, or

drawing threads. We can fling our legs and arms upwards and downwards, backwards, forwards, and round, as they that spin. lore. Ten thousand stalks their various blossoms spread; Peaceful and lowly in their irative soil, They neither know to spin, nor care to toil. Prior. For this Alcides learn'd to spin ; His club laid dowu, and lion's skin. Prior. 2. [Sping are, Ital.] To stream out in a thread or small current. Together furiously they ran, That to the ground came horse and man ;

Crack nature's mould. ail germins spill at once
That make ingrateful man.
Be not angry with these fires;
For then their threats will kill me:
Nor look too kind on my desires;
For then my hopes will spill me. Ben Jonson.
All bodies are with other bodies fill'd ;
But she receives both heav'n and earth together:
Nor are their forms by rash encounters spill'd ;
For there they stand, and neither toucheth either.

3. To throw away.
This sight shall damp the raging ruffian's breast,

The poison soils and half-drawn sword arrest.

Shakesp. King Lear.

[ocr errors]

The blood out of their helmets span, So sharp were their encounters. Drayt. Nymph. 3. To move round as a spindle.

Whether the sun, predominant in heav'n, Rise on the earth, or earth rise on the sun; He from the east his flaming road begin, Or she from west her silent course advance With inoffensive pace, that spinning sleeps On her soft axle, while she paces ev'n And bears thee soft with the smooth air along, Solicit not thy thoughts. Milton's Paradise Lost.

Who ply the wimble some huge beam to bore;

As when a shipwright stands his workmen o'er,

[ocr errors]

Urg'd on all hands, it minibly spins about,

The grain deep piercing till it scoops it out. Pope.

[ocr errors]


3. Anything slender.

[ocr errors]

n. s. [spinachia, Lat.) A


It hath an apetalous flower, consisting of many stamina included in the flower-cup, which ae produced in spikes upon the male plants which are barren; but the embryos are produced fra the wings of the leaves on the female plants, who afterward become roundish or angular seeds, eh in some sorts have thorns adhering to them. As

Spinage is an excellent herb, crude or boiled. Mr.

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

to the backbone. All spinal, or such as have no ribs, but only . back bone, are somewhat analagous thereto. Brown’s Pulgar Errer, Those solids are entirely nervous, and proced from the brain and spinal marrow, which by this bulk appear sufficient to furnish all the stamiliate threads of the solid parts Arbution. Descending careless from his couch, the fall Lux'd his joint neck, spinal marrow bruis'd Philos Pi'NDLE. m. s [rpinbl, rpinbel, Sax.] . The pin by which the thread is formed,

and on which it is conglomerated. Bodies fibrous by moisture is corporate with other thread, especially if there be a sitto wreathier, as appeareth by the twisting of thread, and twoing about of spindles. Sing to those that hold the vitas sheers, And turn the adamantine spindle round Oil which the fate of gods and item is wound. Moto. Upon a true repentance, God is not so fetail, tied to the spindle of absolute reprobation, as no: to keep his promise, and seal merciful pardotis. Jasper Meine. So Pallas from the dusty field withdrew, And, when imperial Jove appear'd in view, Resum'd her female arts, the spindle an the clew Forgot the sceptre she so well had sway’d, And, with that mildness she had rul’d, obey'd Stepney. Do thou take me for a Roman matron, Bred tamely to the spindle and the loom 2 A. Philos. ... A long slender stalk. The spindles must be tied up, aud, as they grow in height, rods set by them, sest by their besiding they should break. Martimer, In contempt. Repose yourself, if those spindle I gs of vours will carry you to the next chair. Drud. Spart. Fro. The marriage of one of our heiresses with as en,inent courtier gave us spindle shanks and cramps. Toti”.

[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][merged small]

bone. The rapier entered his right side, reaching within a finger's breadth of the spine. Wisew. Surgery. There are who think the marrow of a man, Which in the spine, while he was living, ran; When dead, the pith corrupted will become A snake, and hiss within the hollow tomb. Dr. A sort of mineral. Spinol ruby is of a bright rosy red; it is softer

than the rock or balass ruby. Woods. 698


SPINET, n. s. [espinette, Fr.] A small - harpsichord; an instrument with keys. s When miss delights in her spinnet, o, A fiddler may his fortune get. Swift. SPIN1 Ferous. adj. [spina and fero, Lat.] Bearing thorns. - SPIN K. m. s. A finch ; a bird. ** Want sharpens poesy, and grief adorns; : The spink chaunts sweetest in a hedge of thorns. Harte. SPI'NNER. m. s. [from spin.] a 1. One skilled in spinning. o A practised spinner shall spin a pound of wool - worth two shillings for sixpence. . Graunt. * 2. A garden spider, with long jointed legs. o Weaving spiders come not here: Hence, you long-legged spinners, hence' Shakesp. SPINNING Wheel. n. s. [from spin.] The wheel by which, since the disuse of the 1 rock, the thread is drawn. My spinning wheel and rake Let Susan keep for her dear sister's sake. Gay. SPI'NN.Y. adj. I suppose, small, slender. A barbarous word. They plow it early in the year, and then there will come some spinny grass that will keep it from scalding. sortimer. SPINo'sity. n.s.. [spinosus, Lat.] Craba bedness; thorny or briary perplexity. - Philosophy consisted of nought but dry spinosities, lean notions, and endless altercations about things of nothing. Glanville SP1'No Us. adj. [spinosus, Lat.] Thorny; ... full of thorns. * SP1’NSTER. m. s. [from spin.]


. 1. A woman that spins.

o The spinsters and the knitters in the sun,

And the free maids that weave their thread with o bones, to Do use to chant it. Shakesp. Twelfth Night. One Michael Cassio,

That never set a squadron in the field,
Nor the division . battle knows
More than a spinster. Shakesp. Othello.

2. [In law.] The general term for a girl

or maiden woman.

[blocks in formation]
[blocks in formation]

less circles would be a spire; a steeple. With glist'ring spires and pinnacles adorn'd. Milton. He cannot make one spire of grass more or less than he hath made. Hale's Origin of Mankind. These pointed spires that wound the ambient sky, In glorious change shall in destruction lie. Prior. 3. The top or uppermost point. 'Twere no less than a traducement to silence, that Which to the spire and top of praises vouch'd, Would seem but modest. Shakesp. To SPIRE. v. n. [from the noun.]

1. To shoot up pyramidically. It is not so apt to spire up as the other sorts, being more inclined to branch into arms. Mortimer. 2. [Spiro, Lat.] To breathe. Not in use. Spenser SPIRIT. n.s.. [spiritus, Lat] 1. Breath; wind. All purges have in them a raw spirit or wind, which is the principal cause of tension in the stomach. Bacon. All bodies have spirits and pneumatical parts within them ; but the main difference Letween animate and inau:imate are, that the spirits of things animate are all continued within themselves, and branched in veins as blood is ; and the spirits have also certain seats where the principal do reside and whereunto the rest do resort: but the spirits in things inanimate are shut in and cut off by the tangible parts, as air in snow. Bacon's Natural History. The balmy spirit of the western breeze. Anon. 2. [Esprit, Fr.] An immaterial substance; an intellectual being. Spirit is a substance wherein thinking, knewing,, and a power of inoving, do subsist. Locke. She is a spirit; yet not like air or wind, Nor like the spirits about the heart or brain; Nor like those spirits which alchymists do find, When they in ev'ry thing seek gold in vain: For she all natures under heav'n doth pass, Being like those spirits which God's bright face do

see Or like imself, whose image once she was, Though now, alas! she scarce his shadow be. For of all forms she holds the first degree, That are to gross material bodies knit; Yet she herself is body less and free, And though confin'd is almost infinite. Davies. I shall depend upon your constant friendship; like the trust we have in benevolent spirits, who, though we never see or hear them, we think are constantly praying for us. Pope. f we seclude space, there will remain in the world but matter and mind, or body and spirit. - Watts's Logick.

You are all of you pure spirits. I don't mean

that you have not todies that wan' meat and drink, and sleep and cloathing; ut that which deserves to be called you, is nothing else but sprit. Law. 3. The soul of man. The spirit shall return unto God that gave it. Bib. Look, who comes here : a grave unto a soul, Holding th' eternal spirit gainst her will In the vile prison of afflicted death. Shak. K. John. Every thing that you call yours, besides this spirit, is but like your cloathing: sometimes that is only to be used for a while, and then to end, and die, and wear away. Lati". 4. An apparition. They were terrified, and supposed that they had seen a spirit. Luke, xxiv. 37. Perhaps you might see the image, and not the glass; the ño, appearing like a spirit in the air. Bacon. Whilst young, preserve his tender mind from all in pressions of spirits and goblins in the dark. Locke. 5. Temper; habitual disposition of mind. He sits Upon their tongues a various spirit, to rase Quite out their native language. Milton. That peculiar law of Christianity, which forbids revenge, no man can think grievous, who considers the restless torment of a malicious and revengeful spirit. Tillotson. Nor once disturb their heav'nly so writs With Scapin's cheats, or Caesar's merits. Prior. Let them consider how far they are from that spirit which prays for its most unjust enemies, if they have not kindness enough to pray for those by whose labours and service they live in ease themselves. Law. He is the devout man, who lives no longer on his own will, or the way and spirit of the world, but to the sole will of God. - Law. 6. Ardour; courage; elevation; vehe

mence of mind. 'Tis well blown, lads; This morning, like the spirit of a youth That means to be of note, begins betimes. Shakesp Farewel the of war, The spirit stirring drum, th' ear piercing fife. Shakesp The king's party, called the cavaliers, began to recover their spirits. - Sust 7. Genius; vigour of mind. More ample spirit than hitherto was wont Here needs me, whiles the famous ancestors Of my most dreaded sovereign I recourt, By which all earthly princes she doth far surmount Fairy Queen To a mighty work thou goest, O king, That equal spirits and equal pow'rs shall bring.

Danic. A wild Tartar, when he spies A man that's handsome, valiant, wise, If he can kill him, thinks t” inherit His wit, his beauty, and his spirit. Rutler

The noblest spirit or genius cannot deserv. enough of mankind, to pretend to the esteem 0. heroick virtue. Temple. 8. Turn of mind; power of mind mora!

or intellectual. You were us'd To say extremity was the trier of spirits, That common chances common men could bear. Shakesp. I ask but half thy mighty spirit for me. Cowlew. A perfect judge will read each work of wit With the same spirit that its author writ: Survey the whole, nor seek slight fault to find, Where nature moves, and rapture warms, the mind. - Pope 9. Intellectual powers distinct from the body. These discourses made so deep impression upon the mind and spirit of the prisice, whose nature was inclined to adventures, that he was transported with the thought of it. Clarendon. In spirit perhaps be a so saw Rich Mexico, the seat of Montezume. Milton. 10. Sentiment; perception. You are too great to be by me gainsaid Your spirit is too true, your fears too certain.

Shakesp. 11. Eagerness; desire. God has changed men's tempers with the times, and made a spirit of building succeed a spirit of pulling down. - South. 12. Man of activity; man of life, fire, and

enterprize. The watry kingdom is no bar To stop the foreign spirits, but they come, Shakesp. 13. Persons distinguished by qualities of the mind. A French word, happily

growing obsolete. Romish advera is, from the rising up of some schismatical spirits amongst us, conclude that the main trody of our church is schismatical, because some hra.ches of members thereof were such. White. Oft pitying God did well-form'd spirits raise, Fit for the tuissome bus'ness of their days, To free the groaning nation, and to give Peace first, and then the rules in peace to live. Cowley. Such spirits as he desired to please, such would I chose for my Judges. - Druden. 4. That which gives vigour or cheerfulness to the mind; the purest part of the body, bordering, says Sydenham, on immateriality. In this meaning it is commonly written with the plural termi

nation. Though thou didst but jest, With my vex'd spirits I cannot take a truce, But they will quake. Shakesp. Aing John. When I sit and tell The warlike feats I've done, his spirits fly out Into my story. Shakesp. Cymbeline. Alas! when all our lamps are burn'd, Our bodies wasted, and our spirits spent, When we have all the learned volumes turn'd, Which yield men's wits both help and ornament ; What can we know, or what can we discern ? Dav. It was the time when gentle night began T'indrench with sleep the busy spirits of man. Cowley. To sing thy praise, would heav'n my breath prolong, Infusing spirits worthy such a song, Not Thracian Orpheus should transcend my lays. ryden. All men by experience find the necessity and aid of the spirits in the business of concoction. Blackmore. By means of the curious in sculation of the auditory nerves, the orgasins of the spirits should be allayed. Derham. In some fair body thus the secret soul With spirits feeds, with vigour fills, the whole; Each motion guides, and ev’ry nerve sustains, Itself unseen, but in th’ effects remains. Pope. He is always forced to drink a hearty glass, to drive thoughts of business out of his head, and inake his spirits drowsy enough for sleep. Law. 15. Characteristical likeness ; essential

qualities. Italian pieces will appear best in a room where the windows are high, because they are commonly made to a descending light, which of all other doth set off men's faces in their truest spirit. Wotton. 16. Anything eminently pure and refined. Nor doth the eye itself, That nost pure spirit of sense, behold itself. Shakesp. 17. That which hath power or energy. There is in wine a mighty spirit, that will not be congealed. - South. 18. An inflammable liquor raised by dis

tillation: as brandy, rum. What the chymists call spirit, they apply the name to so many different things, that they seem to have no settled notion of the thing. ... In general, they give the name of spirit to any distiled volatile liquor. Boyle. All spirits, by frequent use, destroy, and at last extinguish the natural heat of the soomach. Temple. In distillations, what trickles down the sides of the receiver, if it will not mix with water, is oil ; if it will, it is spirit. Arbuthnot on Aliments.

[merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

ln the southern coast of America, the southern |. of the needle varieth toward the land, as eing disposed and spirited that way by the meridignal and proper hemisphere. Brown. . The ministry had him spirited away, and carried abroad, as a dangerous person. Arbuthnot and Pope. SPI'RIT ALLY. adv. [from spiritus, Lat.] By means of the breath. Conceive one of each pronounced spirita'lu, the other vocally. Holder's Elements of Speech. SPI'Rite D. adj. [from spirit..] Lively; vivacious ; full of fire. Dryden's translation of Virgil is noble and spirited. Pope. SPI'Rite DN Ess. n. s. [from spirited.] Disposition or make of mind. He showed the narrow spiritedness, pride, and ignorance of pedants. Addison. SPIRItFULN Ess. n. s. [from spirit and full.] Sprightliness; liveliness.

A cock's crowing is a tone that corresponds to singing, attesting his mirth and spiritfulness. Harvey. SPI'Ritless. adj. [from spirit..] Dejected; low; deprived of vigour; wanting courage; depressed. A man so faint, so spiritless, So dull, so dead in look, so woe begone. Drew Priam's curtain. Shakesp. Henry IV. Of their wonted vigour left them drain'd, Exhausted, spiritless, altiicted, fall'u. Milton's Paradise Lost. Nor did all Rome, grown spiritless, supply A man that for bold truth durst bravely die. Dryd. Art thou so base, so spiritless a slave? Not so he bore the fate to which you doom'd him. Smith. SPI'Ritous. adj. [from spirit.] 1. Refined; defecated; advanced near to spirit. More refin'd, more spiritous and pure, As nearer to him plac'd, or nearer ten ing. Milton. 2. Fine ; ardent; active. SPI'Ritous N Ess. n. s. [from spiritous.] Fineness and activity of parts. They, notwithstanding the great thinness and o of the liquor, did lift up the upper surace, and for a mument for in a thin filiu like a

[blocks in formation]
[blocks in formation]

4. Not temporal; relating to the things of

heaven; ecclesiastical. Place man in some publick society, civil or spiritual Hooker. Thou art reverend Touching thy spiritual function, not thy Ho: kesp akros. I have made an offer to his majesty, Upon our spiritual convocation, As touching France, to give a greater sum Tian ever at one time the clergy did. Shakesp. Those servants, who have believing masters, are forbid to withdraw any thing of their worldly respect, as presuming upon their spiritual kindred , or to honour them less, because they are become their brethren on being believers. Kettle worth. The cl rgy's business lies among the laity; nor is there a more effectual way to forward the salvotion of men's souls, than for spiritual persons to make themselves as agreeable as they can in the conversations of the world. Strift. She loves them as her spiritual children, and they reverence her as their spiritual mother, with an af. fection far above that of the fondest friends. Law.

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small]

To SPI'RITUALIZE. r. a. [spiritualiser,

Fr. from spirit.] To refine the intellect; to purify from the feculencies of

the world. This would take it much out of the care of the soul, to spiritualize and replenish it with good works. Hammond. We begin our survey from the lowest dregs of sense, and so ascend to our inore spiritualized selves. Giantille. As to the future glory in which the body is to partake, that load of earth which now engages to

eorruption, must be calcined and spiritualized, and thus be cloathed upon with glory. Decay of Piety. If man will act rationally, he cannot admit any competition between a momentary satisfaction,and an everlasting happiness, as great as God can give, and our spiritualized capacities receive. Rogers. SPIRITUALLY. adv. [from spiritual.] Without corporeal grossness; with at

tention to things purely intellectual. In the same degree that virgins live more spiritually than other persons, in the same degree is their virginity a more excellent state. Taylor's Rule of Living Holy. SPI'Rituous. adj. [spiritueux, Fr. from spirit.] 1. Having the quality of spirit, tenuity and activity of parts. More refin'd, more spirituous and pure, As to him nearer tending. ilton. The most spirituous and most fragrant part of the plant exhales by the action of the sun. Arbuthnot. 2. Lively; gay; vivid; airy. It may |. airy and spirituous, and fit for the welcome of chearful guests. Wotton's Architect. SPIRITUO'SITY. n. s. [from spirituSPI'RITUOUs N Ess. ous.] The quality of being spirituous; tenuity and activity. To SPIRT. v. n. [spruyten, Dut. to shoot up, Skinner; spritta, Swed. to fly out, Lye.] To spring out in a sudden stream;

to stream out by intervals. Bottling of beer, while new and full of spirit, so that it spirteth when the stopple is taken forth, maketh the drink more quick aid windy. Bacon's Natural History. Thus the small jett, which hasty hands unlock, Spirts in the gard’ner's eyes who turns the *: ope. To SPIRT. v. a. To throw out in a jet. When weary Proteus Retir'd for shelter to his wonted caves, His finny flocks about their shepherd play, And, rowling round him, spirt the bitter sea. Dryden. When rains the passage hide, Qft the loose stones spirt up a muddy tide Beneath thy careless foot.

SPIRT. n. s. [from the verb.]

1. Sudden ejection. 2. Sudden effort.

To SPI'Rtle. p. a. [a corruption of spirt.]

To shoot scatteringly. The brains and mingled blood were spirtled on the wall. Drayton. The terraqueous globe would, by the centrifu. gal force of that motion, be soon dissipated and ‘pirtled into the circumambient space, was it not kept together by this noble contrivance of the Creator. Derham's Physico-Theology. SPI'RY. adj. [from spire.] 1. Pyramidal. Waste sandy valleys, once perplex'd with thorn, The spiry fir and shapely box adorn. Pope's Messiah. ...In these lone walls, their days eterial bound, These mass-grown domes with spiry turrets crown'd Where . arches make a noon-day night, And the dim windows shed a solemn light, Thy eyes diffus’d a reconciling ray, And gleams of glory brighten’d all the day. Pope. 2. Wreathed; curled. Hid in the spiry volumes of the snake, Ilurk'd within the covert of a brake. Dryden. Spiss, adj. [spissus, Lat.] Close; firm; thick. Not in use. From his modest and humble charity, virtues "hich rarely cohabit with the swelling windiness of much knowledge, issued this spiss and dense ** Polished, this copious yet concise, treatise of * variety of languages. Brcrewood.


[ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small]

one action of the spade. Where the earth is washed from the quick, face it with the first spit of earth dug out of the ditch. - Mortimer. To Spit. v. a. preterite spat ; participle pass. spit or spitted. [from the noun.] 1. To put upon a spit. I see my cousin's ghost Seeking out Romeo, that did spit his body Upon a rapier's point. Sha 2. To thrust through. I spitted frogs, 1 crush'd a heap of emmets.

[ocr errors]

wden. To SPIT. v. a. [rpoecan, Sax. spytter, Dut..] To eject from the mouth. A large mouth, indeed, That spits forth death and mountains. Shakesp. Commissions which compel from each The sixth part of his substance, make bold mouths, Tongues spit their duties out, and cold hearts freeze Allegiance in them. Shakesp. The sea thrusts up her waves, One after other, thicke and high, upon the groaning shores; First in herself loud, but oppos'd with banks and rocks, she rores, And all her backe in bristles set, spits every way her fome. Chapman. To Spit. v. n. To throw out spittle or

moisture of the mouth. Very good orators, when they are here, will spit. Shakesp. I dare meet Surrey, And spit upon him whilst I “y he lyes. hakesp. Richard II. The wat'ry kingdom, whose ambitious head Spits in the face of heaven, is no bar To stop the foreign spirits, but they come. Shak. He spat on the ground, made clay of the spittle, and anointed the eyes of the blind man. John, ix. 6. A maid came from her father's house to one of the tribunals of the Gentiles, and declaring herself a Christian, spit in the judge's face. South. A drunkard men abhor, and would even spit at him, were it not for fear he should something more than spit at them. South. Spit on your finger and thumb, and pinch the snuff till the candle goes out. Swift's Rules for Serv. SPI'TTAL. m. s. [corrupted from hospital.] A charitable foundation. In use only in the phrases, a spittal sermon, and rob not the spittal. To SPI'TCH cock. v. a. To cut an eel in pieces and roast him. Of this word I

[blocks in formation]

This breeding rather site than shame in her, or, if it were a shame, a shame not of the fault but of the repulse, she did thirst for a revenge. Sidney.

Bewray they did their inward boiling spite, Each stirring others to revenge their cause. Daniel.

Done all to spite

The great Creator; but their spite still serves
His glory to augment. Milton's Paradise Loet.

Begoñe, ye criticks, and restrain your spite; Codrus writes on, and will for ever write. Pope.

2. Spite of or In spite of. Notwithstanding; in defiance of. It is often used

without any malignity of meaning. I'll guard thee free, And save thee in her spite. Chapman. Blessed be such a preacher, whom God mad use of to speak a word in season, and saved me in spite of the world, the devil, and myself. South. In spite of me I love, and see too late My muther's pride must find my mother's fate. Dryden. For thy lov'd sake, spite of my boding fears, 1'll meet the danger which ambition brings. Rowe. My father's fate, In spite of all the fortitude that shines Before iny face in Cato's great example, Subdues my soul, and fills my eyes with tears. Addison. In spite of all applications, the patient grew worse every day. Arbuthnot

[merged small][ocr errors]

Most detestable death, by thee. Shakesp.
I'll sacrifice the lamb that 1 do love,
To spight a raven's heart within a dove. Shakesp.

2. To fill with spite; to offend. So with play did he a good while fight against the fight of Zelmane, who, more spited with that courtesy, that one that did nothing should be able to resist her, burned away with choler any me.. tions which might grow out of her own sweet disposition. Sidney. Darius, spited at the magi, endeavoured to abūlish not only their learning but their language. - emple. SP1"teful. adj. [spite and full.] Malicious ; malignant. The Jews were the deadliest and spitefullest enemies of Christianity that were in the world, and in this respect their orders to be shunned. Hooke, All you have done Hath been but for a wayward son, Spiteful and wrathful. Shakesp. Macbeth ur publick form of divine service and worship is in every part thereof religious and holy, inaugre the malice of spiteful wretches, who have depraved it. Ishite. Contempt is a thing made up of an undervalu ing of a man, upon a belief of his utter uselessness, and a spiteful endeavour to engage the rest of the world in the same slight esteem of him. South. The spiteful stars have shed their venom down, And now the peaceful planets take their turn. Druden.

[blocks in formation]
« ForrigeFortsett »