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SP1’tter. m. s. [from spit.] 1. One who puts meat on a spit. 2. One who spits with his mouth. :’. A young deer. Ainsworth. Spittle. m. s. [corrupted from hospital, and therefore better written spital, or spittal.] Hospital. It is still retained

in Scotland. To the spittle go, And from the powd'ring tub of infamy Fetch forth the lazar kite of Cressid's kind. Shakesp. Henry V. This is it That makes the waned widow wed again, She whom the spittle house, and ulcerous sores, Would cast the gorge at ; this embalms and spices To th’ April-day again. Shakesp. Timon. Cure the spittle world of maladies. Cleaveland. Spittle. m. s. [rpoetlan, Sax.] Mois

ture of the mouth. The saliva or spittle is an humour of eminent use. Ray. Maenas and Atys in the mouth were bred, And never hatch'd within the lah'ring head ; No blood from bitten nails those poems drew, But churn'd like spittle from the lips they flew. Drud. The spittle is an active o immediately derived from the arterial blood : it is saponaceous. Arbuthnot. A genius for all stations fit, Whose meanest talent is his wit: His heart too great, though fortune little, To lick a rascal statesman's spittle. Swift. SPI'Tv ENo M. m. s. [spit and venom.] Poison ejected from the mouth. The spitvenom of their poisoned hearts breaketh out to the annoyance of others. Hooker. SPLANch No'LoGY. m. s. [splanchnologie, Fr. crazyxoa and xore..] A treatise or description of the bowels. Dict. To SPLASH. v. a. splaska, Swed. They have both an affinity with plash.] To daub with dirt in great quantities. SPLA'shy. adj. [from splash.] Full of dirty water; apt to daub. To SPLAY. v. a. To dislocate or break a horse's shoulder bone. SPLAY foot. adj. [splay, or display, and foot.] Having the foot turned inward. Though still some traces of our rustic vein And splayfoot verse remain'd, and will remain. Pope. SPLAY Mouth. m. s. [splay and mouth.]

Mouth widened by design. All authors to their own defects are blind : Hadst thou but, Janus-like, a face behind, To see the people when splaymouths they make, To mark their fingers pointed at thy back, Their tongues loll'd out a foot. Dryden. SPLEEN. n. s. [splen, Lat.] 1. The milt; one of the viscera, of which the use is scarcely known. It is supposed the seat of anger, melancholy, and mirth. If the wound be on the left hypochondrium, under the short ribs, you muay conclude the spleen wounded. - Wiseman. 2. Anger; spite; ill humour. His solemné queen,whose spleene he was dispos'd To tempt yet further, knowing well what anger it inclos'd, And how wives anger should be us'd. If she must teem, Create her child of spleen, that it may live And be a thwart disilatur'd torment to her. Shak. Kind pity checks my spleen; brave scorn forbids Those tears to issue, which swell my eye-lids. Donne. All envied; but the Thestyan brethren show'd The lo opest, and thus they vent their spleen als out 1 : Lay down those honour’d spoils. Dryden. In noble minds some dregs remain,

Chapman.

3. A fit of anger. Charge not in your spleen a noble person, And spoil your nobler soul. Shakesp. 4. A sudden motion; a fit. Brief as the lightning in the collied night, That in a spleen unfolds both heav'n and earth; And, ere a man hath power to say, behold ! The jaws of darkness do devout it up. Shakesp. 5. Melancholy; hypochondriacal vapours. The spleen with sullen vapours clouds the brain, And binds the spirits in its heavy chain; Howe'er the cause fantastick may appear, Th' effect is real, and the pain sincere. Blackmore. Spleen, vapours, and small-pox above lo, ope. Bodies chang'd to recent forms by spleen. fo. 6. Immoderate merriment. They that desire the spleen, and would die with laughing. Shakesp. SPLEEN ED. adj. [from spleen.] De

prived of the spleen. Animals spleened grow salacious. Arbuthnot. SPLE'ENFUL. adj. [spleen and full.] Angry; peevish; fretful; melancholy. The commons, like an angry hive of bees That want their leader, scatter up and down : Myself have calm'd their spleenful mutiny. Shakesp. Henry VI. The chearful soldiers, with new stores supplied, Now long to execute their spleensul will. Dryden. If you drink tea upon a promontory that overhangs the sea, the whistling of the wind is better musick to contented minds than the opera to the spleenful. Pope. SPLE ENLEss. adj. [from spleen.] Kind ;

gentle; mild. Obsolete. Mean time flew our ships, and streight we fetcht The syrens isle; a spleenless wind so stretcht Her wings to waft us, and so urg'd our keel. Chapm. SPLEEN wort. m. s. [spleen and wort;

olo Lat.] Miltwaste. A plant.

'he leaves and fruit are like those of the fern; but the pinnulae are eared at their basis. , Miller. Safe pass'd the fi...". through this fantastic band, A branch of healing spleenwort in his hand. Pope.

Sple'EN.Y. adj. [from spleen.] Angry; peevish ; humorous.

What though I know her virtuous,

And well deserving; yet I know her for

A spleeny Lutheran, and not wholesome to Our cause. Shakesp. Henry VIII. SPLE'N DENT. adj. [splendens, Lat.] Shining ; glossy; having lustre. They assigned them names from some remarkable qualities, that are very observable in their red and splendent planets. Metallick substances may, o reason of their great density, reflect all the light incident upon them, and so be as opake and splendent as it is possible for any body to be. Newton. SPLENDID. adj. [splendide, Fr. splendidus, Lat..] Showy ; magnificent ; sumptuous; pompous. Unacceptable, though in heav'n, our state Of splendid vassalage. Milton. Deep in a rich alcove the prince was laid, And slept beneath the pompous colonnade : Fast by his side Pisistratus lay spread, In age his equal, on a splendid bed. Pope's Odyssey.

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nificently; sumptuously; pompously. Their condition, though it look splendidly, yet, when you handle it on all sides, it will prick your fingers. Taylor. You will not admit you live splendidly, yet, it cannot be denied but that you live neatly and elegantly. More. How he lives and eats, How largely gives, how splendidly he treats. Dryden. He, of the royal store Splendidly frugal, sits whole nights devoid f sweet repose, Ph

Wot vet purg'd off, of spleen and sour disdain. Pope

Brown's Vulgar Errours. |

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1. Lustre; power of shining. Splendour hath a degree of whiteness, especial 7 if there be a little repercussion; for a lookinglass, with the steel behind, looketh whiter than glass simple. Bacon's Natural Hists—s The dignity of gold above silver is not much the splendour is alike, and more pleasing to sole eyes, as in cloth of silver Bacon's #. Reoris The first symptoms area chilness, a certain speadour or shining in the eyes, with a little inoisture. Aroukho. 2. Magnificence; pomp. Romulus, being to give laws to his new Romas, found no better way to procure an esteem and reverence to them, than by first procuring it to hinself by splendour of habit and retinue. Souk. 'Tis use alone that sanctifies expel oce, And splendour horrows all her rays from sense.

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Horace purged himself from these splenetick reflections in odes and epodes, before he undertook his satires. yarn, This daughter silently lowers, t'other steals a kind look at you, a third is exactly well behaved, and a fourth a splenetick. Tatler. You humour me when I am sick ; Why not when I am splenetick 2 Strift. SPLE'Nick. adj. [splenetique, Fr. splen, Lat.] Belonging to the spleen. Suppose the spleen obstructed in its lower parts and splenick braich, a potent heat causet, the otgasmus to boil. Hariru. The splenick vein hath divers cells opening into it near its extremities in human bodies; but in quadrupeds the cells open into the trunks of the splenick veins. Ray on the Creation SPLE'Nish. adj. [from spleen.] Fretful; peevish. Yourselves you must engage Somewhat to cool your splenish rage, Your grievous thirst ; and to asswage That first, you drink this liquor. Drayton. SPLE'Nitive. adj. [from spleen.] Hot; fiery; passionate. Not in use. Take thy fingers from my throat; For though I am not splenetire and rash, Yet I have in ine something dangerous. Shakesp. Hamlet. SPLENT, n. s. [or perhaps splint; spinella, Ital.] Splents is a callous hard substance, or an insensible swelling, which hreeds on or adheres to the shank-bone of a horse, and, when it grows big, spoils the shape of the leg. When there is but one, it is called a single splent; but when there is another opposite to it, on the outside of the shank bone, it is called a pegged or pinned splent. Farrier's Dict. To SPLice. v. a. [splissen, Dut. plico, Lat.] To join the two ends of a rope without a knot. SPLINT. n.s. [splinter, Dut.] 1. A fragment of wood in general. 2. A thin piece of wood, or other matter, used by chirurgeons to hold the bone newly set in its place. The ancients, after the seventh day, used splints, which not only kept the members steady, but

straight; and of these some are made of tin, others of scabbard and wood, sowed up in linen cloths.

Wiseman's Surgery. To SPLINT. } v. a. [from the noun.

To SPLI'NTER. 1. To secure by splints.

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shivered. "o SPLIT. v. a. pret. and part. pass. split. [spletten, splitten, Dut.] ... To cleave; to rive; to divide longitudinally in two. * Do 't, and thou hast the one half of my heart; * Do 't not, thou split'st thine own. . Shakesp. Winter's Tale. - That self hand * Hath, with the courage which the heart did lend it; ! Splitted the heart. , Shakesp., Antony and Cleopatra. * ... Wert thou serv'd up two in one dish, the rather To split thy sire into a double father Cleaveland. * Cold winter split the rocks in twain. Dryden. * A skull so hard, that it is almost as easy to split * a helmet of iron as to nake a fracture in it. o Rau on the Creation. This effort is in some earthquakes so vehement, that it splits and tears the ea. th, inaking cracks or chasms in it soune miles. Woodward. 2. To divide; to part. - Their logick has appeared the mere art of * wrangling, and their metaphy sicks the skill of litting an har, of distinguishing without a dife:et ce. It'atts on the Mind. One and the same ray is by refraction disturbed, shattered, dilated, and split, and spread into many diverging rays. Newton. He instances Luther's sensuality and disobedience, two crimes which he has dealt with ; and, to make the more solemn shew, he split 'em into twenty. Atterbury. Oh! would it please the gods to split Thy beauty, size, and years, and wit, - 9 age could furnish out a pair * Qf nymphs so graceful, wise, and fair; With half the lustre of your eyes, * With half your wit, your years, and size. Surist. 3. To dash and break on a rock. * , God's desertion, as a full and violent wind, drives him in an instant, not to the harbour, but on the rock where he will be irrecoverably split. o Decay of Piety. o Those who live by shores with joy behold Some wealthy vessel split or stranded high ; And from the rocks leap down for shipwreck'd gold, And seek the tempests which the others fly. loven.

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4. To divide; to break into discord.

In states motoriously irreligious, a secret and ir

resistible power splits their counsels, and smites their most refined policies with frustration and a Curse. uth.

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2. To grow useless; to be corrupted.

2. That which is gained by strength or

The road that to the lungs this store transmits, Into unnumber'd narrow channels splits.

2. To burst with laughter. Each had a gravity would make you uplit, And shook his head at MI y as a wit. 3. To be broken against rocks. After our ship did split, When you, and the poor number sav'd with you, Hung on our driving boat. Shakesp. These are the rocks on which the sanguine tribe of lovers daily split, and on which the politician, the alchy mist, and projector are cast away. Addison's Spectator. The seamen spied a rock, and the ...]". so strong that we were driven directly upon it, a d immediately split. Steif. SPLITTER. n. s. [from split.] One who splits. How should we rejoice, if, like Judas the first, Those splitters of parsons in sunder should burst' Swift. Bustle; tumult. A

SPLU'TTER. m. s. low word. To SPOIL. v. a. [spolio, Lat. spolier, Fr.] 1. To seize by robbery; to take away by force. Ye took joyfully the spoiling of your goods, knowing in $oe: that ye have in heaven an enduring substance. Hebrews. This mount, With all his verdure spoil'd, and trees adrift. - Milton. 2. To plunder; to strip of goods: with of before the thing taken. Yielding themselves upon the Turks faith, for the safeguard of their liberty and goods, they were most injuriously spoiled of all that they had. Knolles's History of the Turks. Thou shalt not gain what I deny to yield, Nor reap the harvest, though thou spoil'st the field. Prior. My sons their old unhappy sire despise, Spoil'd of his kingdom, and depriv'd of eyes. Pope. 3. To corrupt; to mar; to make useless. [This is properly spill; rpillan, Sax ) Beware lest any man spoil you, through philosophy and vain deceit. Col. ii. 8. Spiritual pride spoils many graces. Taylor. Women are not only s oiled by this education, but we spoil that part of the world which would otherwise furnish most instances of an eminent and exalted piety. tu. To Spoil. r. n.

1. To practise robbery or plunder. E gland was infested with robbers and outlaws, which, lurking in woods, used to break forth to rob and spoil. Spenser. They which hate us spoil for themselves. Psalm xliv. 14.

He that gathered a hundred bushels of acorns or apples, had thereby a property in them: he was only to look that he used them before they spoiled, else he robbed others. Locke. SPol L. m. s. [spolium, Lat.] 1. That which is taken by violence; that which is taken from an enemy; plunder; pillage; booty.

The cry of Talbot serves me for a sword; For I have loaden me with many spoils, Using no other weapon but his name.

Shakesp. Henry VI.

effort. But grant our hero's hopes long toil And comprehensive genius crown, Each science and each art his spoil, Yet what reward, or what renown 2 Bentley 3. That which is taken from another. Gentle gales, Fanning their odoriferous wings, dispense Native perfumes, and whisper whenice they stole

Blickm ore.

Pope.

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sol To be the only cause of unrecover'd spoils. Drayton. Go and speed' Havock, and spoil, and ruin are my gain. 5. Corruption ; cause of corruption. Company, villainous company, hath been the spoil of me. . Shakesp. 6. The slough; the cast-off skin of a serpent. Snakes, the rather for the casting of their spoil, live till they be old. Bacon. SPO'ILER. n. s. [from spoil.] 1. A robber; a plunderer; a pillager. Such ruin of her manners Rome Doth suffer now, as she 's become Both her own spoiler and own prey. Ben Jonson's Cataline. Providence, where it loves a nation, concerns itself to own and assert the interest of religion, by blasting the s, oilers of religious persons and places. South. Came you then here, thus far, thro' waves, to conquer, To waste, to plunder, out of mere compassion ? Is it humanity that promp's you on 2 Happy for us, and happy for you spoilers, Had your humanity ne'er reach'd our world ! A. Phillips. 2. One who mars or corrupts any thing. SPO'ILFUL. adj. [spoil and full.] Wasteful; rapacious. Having oft in battle vanquished Those spoilful Picts, and swarning Easterlings Long time in peace his realin established. Fairy Queen. Spoke. n.s. [rpaca, Sax. speiche, Germ.] The bar of a wheel that passes from the

nave to the felly.

All you gods, In general synod take a way her power ; Break all the spokes and ... of her wheel, And bowl the round nave down the hill of heav'n,

Milton.

Shakesp. No heir eler drove so fire a coach : The spokes, we are by Oxid told, Were silver, and the axle gold. Swift.

Spok E. The preterite of speak. They spoke best in the glory of their conquest. Sprutt. Spo'KEN. Participle passive of speak. Wouldst thou be spoken for to the king 2 2 Kings, iv. 13. The original of these signs for communication is found in viva voce, in spoken language. Holder on Speech. n. s. [spoke and man.]

One who speaks for another. 'Tis you that have the reason. —To do what ” —To be a spokesman from Madam Silvia. Shakesp. He shall t thy spokesman unto the people. rod. iv. 16. To SPOLIATE. v. a. sspolio, Lat.] To

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Those balmy spoils. Milton.

and leaves the vowels open. Rivolue.

Spo'NDYLE. m. s. sororoxe. ; spondile, Fr. spondylus, Lat.] A vertebra; a joint of the spine. It hash for the spine or back-bone a cartilaginous substance, without any spondyles, processes, or protube rances. Brown. ‘.PONGE. m. s. [spongia, Lat.] A soft porous substance, supposed by some the nidus of animals. It is remarkable for sucking up water. It is too often written

spunge. See SPUNGE.

Sponges are gathered from the sides of rocks, being as a large but tough moss. Bacon.

They opened and washed part of their sponges. SandusGreat officers are like sponges: they suck till '. are full, and, when they come once to be squeezed, their very heart's blood comes away. L'Estrange. To SPONG E. v. a. [from the noun.] To

blot; to wipe away as with a sponge. Except between the words of translation and the mind of Scripture itself there be contradiction, very little jo. should not seem an intoler...able blenish necessarily to be spunged out. Hooker. To Spon G.E. v. n. To suck in as a sponge; to gain by mean arts. The ant lives upon her own, honestly gotten; whereas the fly is an intruder, and a common smell-feast, that spunges upon other people's trenchers. L'Estrange. Here wont the dean, when he 's to seek, To spunge a breakfast once a week. Swift. Spo'NGER. m. s. [from sponge] One who hangs for a maintenance on others. A generous rich man, that kept a o and open table, would try which were riends, and which only trencher-flies, and spungers. L'Estrange. SPO'NG IN Ess. n.s. [from spongy.] Softness, and fulness of cavities, like a sponge. The lungs are exposed to receive all the droppings from the brain; a very fit cistern, because of their spunginess. Harvey. Spo'NG1ous. adj. [spongieur, Fr. from sponge.] Full of small cavities, like a

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sponge. All thick bones are hollow or spongeons, and contain an oleaginous substance in little vesicles,

which by the heat of the body is exhaled through these bones to supply their fibres. Cheyne. Spo'NGY, adj. [from sponge.] I. Soft and full of small interstitial holes. The lungs are the most spungu part of the body, and therefore ablest to contract and dilate itself. Bacon's Natural History. A spongy excrescence groweth upon the roots of the laser-tree, and upon cedar, very white, light, and friable, called agarick. Bacon's Nat. History. The body of the tree being very spongu within, though hard without, they easily contrive into cal toes. More. Into earth's spungy veins the ocean sinks, Those rivers to replenish which he drinks. Denh. turn, unhappy swain' The spungy clouds are fill'd with gath'ring rain. Druden. Her bones are all very spongu, and more remarkably those of a wild bird, which flies much, and long together. ..Grew. 2. Wet; drenched; soaked ; full like a sponge. When their drench'd natures lie as in a death, What cannot you and I perform upon Th" lo Duncan: What not put upon His spungy officers, who shall bear the guilt: Shak. Sponk. n.s.. [a word in Edinburgh which denotes a match, or any thing dipt in sulphur that takes fire: as, Any sponks will ye buy?] Touchwood.

Spo'NSAL. adj. [sponsalis, Lat.] Relat

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The act of becoming surety for another.

who makes a promise or gives security

for another. In the baptism of a male there ought to be two males and one woman, and in the baptism of a female child two women and one man ; and these are called sponsors or sureties for their education in the true christian faith. Auliffe's Parergon. The sponsor ought to be of the same station with the person to whom he becomes surety. Broome. The rash hermit, who with impious pray'r Had been the sponsor of another's care. Harte.

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Strict necessity they simple call;

It so binds the will, that things foreknown By spontaneity, not choice, are done. Dryden. PON TA NEOUS. adj. [spontanée, Fr. from sponte, Lat.] Voluntary; not compelled; acting without compulsion or restraint; acting of itself; acting of its own accord.

Many analogal motions in animals, though I

cannot call them voluntary, yet I see them spontaneous: I have reason to conclude, that these are

not simply mechanical. Hale. They now came forth

Spontaneous; for within them spirit mov’d

Attendant on their lord. Milton.

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ous.] Voluntarily; of its own accord.

This would be as impossible as that the lead of an edifice should naturally and spontaneouly mount up to the root, while lighter materials employ themselves beneath it. Bentley.

Whey turns spontaneously acid, and the curd into cheese as hard as a stone. Arbuthnot on Aliments.

neous.] Voluntariness;

will ; accord unforced.

The sagacities and instincts of brutes, the spontaneousness of many of their animal motions, are not explicable, without supposing some active determinate power connexed to and inherent in their spirits, of a higher extraction than the bare natural modification of matter. Hale's Origin of Mankind.

small piece of cane or reed, with a knot at each end; or a piece of wood turned in that form to wind yarn upon; a quill. To Spoo M. v. n. [probably from spume, or foam, as a ship driven with violence spumes, or raises a foam.] To go on

swiftly. A sea term. When virtue spooms before a prosperous My heaving wishes help to fill the sail.

le, den.

spoonn, Island.] A concave vessel with

a handle, used in eating liquids. ‘Wouldst thou drown thyself,

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1. As much as is generally taken at once in a spoon. A medical spoonful is half an ounce. Prescribe him, before he do use the receipt, ho he take such a pill, or a spoonful of liquor. Bico. 2. Any small quantity of liquid. Surely the choice and measure of the material, of which the whole body is composed, and what we take daily by pounds, is at least of as much importance as of what we take seldom, and coy by grains and spoonfuls. rbuth." SPOONMEAT. n. s. [spoon and mect.] Liquid food; nourishment taken with

a S I1. We prescribed a slender diet, allowing only spoonmeats. Wiseman.

Wretched

Are mortals born to sleep their lives away!
Go back to what thy infancy began,
Fat pap and spoonmeat; for thy gugaws cry,
Be sullen, and refuse the lullaby. Dryden's Persia.

Diet most upon spoonmeats, as veal or cocs broths. arty Spoonwort. n. s. Scurvygrass.

Spoonwort was there, scorbutics to supply; And centaury, to clear the jaundic’d eye. Hiru

To Spoon., v. n. In sea language, is when a ship, being under sail in a storm, cannot bear it, but is obliged to put right before the wind. Baily,

SPORA'DICAL. adj. [aroga?ix};; sporo. dique, Fr.] A sporadical disease is an endenial disease, whi: in a particular season affects but few people. Arbuthnot SPORT. n.s.. [spott a make-game, Island. 1. Play; diversion; game; frolick and

tumultuous merriment. Her sports were such as carried riches of knowledge upon the stream of delight. Sidney. As flies to wanton boys, are we to th’ gods; They kill us for their port." Shao Koi... When their hearts were merry, they said, Ca for Samson; that he may make us sport; and to called for him, and he made them sport. Judges, xvi. 2; As a mad-man who casteth fire-brands, artows and death, so is the man that deceiveth his neighbour, and saith, Am not l in sport 2 Prop. xxvi. 18, 18. The discourse of fools is irksome, and their so is in the wantonness of sin. Ecclus. Xxvii. 13. 2. Mock; contemptuous mirth. lf l suspect without cause, why then make on at me, then let me be your jest. Shakesp. They had his messengers in derision, and mao a sport of his prophets. 1 Esdr, i. 31. To make sport with his word, and to endeavour to render it ridiculous, by turning that holy bo into raillery, is a direct affront to God. Tillo. 3. That with which one plays. Each on his rock transfix'd, the sport and Pro Of wrecking whirlwinds. Mugon. Commit not thy prophetick mind To flitting leaves, the sport of every wind, Doyuro

Put but a little water in a spoon,

Lest they disperse in air.

* Some grave their wrongs on marble; he, more Just, toop’d down screne, and wrote them on the dust, rod under foot, the sport of ev'ry wind, wept from the earth, and Jiotted from his mind; here secret in the grave he bade them lie. And griev'd they could not 'scape th' Almighty's eye. . Dr. Madden on BP. Boulter. Play; idle gingle. An author who should introduce such a sport of words upon our stage, would meet with small a Slause. - Brown. Diversion of the field, as of fowling, hunting, fishing. Now for our mountain sport, ". to you hill, Your legs are young. Shakesp. Cumbeline. The king, who was excessively affected to hunt. ng, and the sports of the field, had a great desire o make a great park, for red as well as fallow deer, between Richmond and Hampton Court, Clarendon. Sport. r. a. [from the noun.] To divert; to make merry. It is used

only with the reciprocal pronoun. The poor man wept and bled, cried and prayed, while they sported themselves in his pain, and delighted in his prayers, as the argument of their victory. Sidney. Away with him, and let her sport herself With that she's big with. Shak. Is 'inter's Tale. Against whom do ye sport yourselves 2 against whom inake ye a wide mouth, and draw out the tongue 2 Isaiah, lvii. 4. yo hat pretty stories these are for a man of his seriousness to sport himself withal | Atterbury. t such writers go on at their dearest peril, and sport themselves in their own deceivings. Watts. s. To represent by any kind of play. Now sporting on the lyre thy love of youth, Now virtuous age and ... truth ; Expressing justly Sappho's wanton art Osodes, and Piñdar's more majestick part. Dryd. 0 SPORT. v. m. ‘. To play; to frolick; to game; to wanton. - They, sporting with quick glance, * Shew to {...,'. i. with gold. Milton. - Larissa, as she sported at this play, was drowned in the liver Peneus. Broome on the Odyssey. 2. To trifle. . If any man turn religion into raillery, by bold Jests, he renders himself ridiculous, because he sports with his own life. Tullotson. SPORTFUL. adj. [sport and full.] 4. Merry; frolick; wanton; acting in jest. How with a sportful malice it was follow'd, Mo rather pluck on I oughter than revenge. Shak. o Down he alights among the sportful herd | Of those four-footed kinds. Milton. 3. Ludicrous; done in jest. , , His highness, even in such a slight and sportful doge, had a noble sense of just dealing. Wotton. o Lehold your own Ascanius, while he said, He drew his glitt'ring helmet from his head, - In which the youth to sportful arms he led. Dryd. . ...They are no sportful productions of the soil, but di" once belong to real and living fishes; seeing each of them doth exactly resemble some other shell on the sea-shore, Bentley. . A catalogue of this may be had in Albericus Geutilis, which, because it is too sportful, I forbear to mention. Baker.

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I am not in a sportive humour now , Tell me, and *** where is the money Shak. s it That drive thee from the sportive court, where thou Wast shot at with fair eyes, to be the mark Of smoky muskets Shak All's well that ends well. While thus the constant pair alternate said, Joyful above them and around them play'd Angels and sportive loves, a numerous crowd, smilio they clapt their wings, and low they ow’d rior. We must not hope wholly to change their original tempers ; nor make the gay pensive and grave, nor the melancholy sportire, without spoiltoo. - ke. to wonder savages or subjects slain, Were equal crimes in a despotick reign ; Both doom'd alike for sportive tyrants bled, But subjects starv'd wiile savages were fed. Pope.

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Spo'RTULE. m. s. [sportule, Fr. sportula, Lat.] An alms; a dole. The bishops, who consecrated the food, had a spill or sportule from the credulous laity. Ayliffe's Parergon. SPOT. n.s.. [spette, Dan. spotte, Flem.] 1. A blot; a mark made by discoloration. This three years day, these eyes, though clear To outward view of blemish or of spot, Berest of sight, their seeing have forgot. Milton. A long series of ancestors shews the native lustre with advantage; but if he any way degenerate from his line, the least spot is visible on ermine. - Dryden. 2. A taint; a disgrace ; a reproach ; a fault. Yet Chloe sure was form'd without a spot : 'Tis true, but something in her was forgot. Pope.

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4. A small extent of place. That spot to which I point is Paradise, Adam's abode ; those lofty shades, his bow'r, Milton. He who, with Plato, shall place beatitude in the knowledge of God, will have his thoughts raised to other contemplations than those who looked not beyond this spot of earth, and those perishing things in it. Locke. About one of these breathing passages is a spot of myrtles, that flourish within the steam of these vapours. Addison Abdallah converted the who's mountain into a kind of garden, and covered every part of it with plantations or spots of flowers. Guardian. He that could make two ears of corn grow upon a spot of ground where only one grew before, would deserve better of nois. than the whole race of politicians. Swift. 5. Any particular place. I would be busy in the world, and learn ; Not, like a coarse and useless dunghill weed,

Fix'd to one spot, and rot just as I grow. Otway.
As in this grove I took my last farewel,
As on this very spot of earth I fell,
So she my prey becomes ev'n here. Dryden.
Here Adrian fell ; upon that fatal spot
Our brother died. Granville.

The Dutch landscades are, I think, always a representation of an individual spot, and each in its kind a very faithful, but very confired, portrait. Rehnolds.

6. Upon the spot. Immediately; without changing place. [sur le champ.]

The lion did not chop him up imm diately upon the spot; and yet he was resolved he should not escape. L'Estrange. It was determined upon the spot, according as the oratory on either side ... Swift.

To Spot. v. a. [from the noun.]

1. To mark with discolorations; to ma

culate.
They are polluted off rings, more abhorr'd

Than spotted livers in the sacrifice. Shakesp.

Have you not seen a handkerchief, Spotted ić. strawberries, in your wife's hand 2 Shakesp.

But serpents now more amity maintain ;

From spotted skins the leopard does refrain ; :

No weaker lion's by a stronger slain. Tate's Juv.

2. To patch by way of ornament.

I counted the patches on both sides, and found the tory patches to be about twenty stronger than the whig.: but next morning the whole puppetshow was filled with faces spotted after the whiggish Inanner. Addison's Spectator,

3. To corrupt; to disgrace; to taint. This vow receive, this vow of God maintain, My virgin life no spotted thoughts shall stain. Sid. The people of Armenia have retained the christian faith from the time of the apostles; but at this day it is spotted with many absurdities, Abbot's Description of the World.

Spotless. adj. [from spot.]

1. Free from spots.

2. Free from reproach or impurity; immaculate; pure ; untainted.

So much fairer And spotless shall mine innocence arise, When the king knows my truth. Shakesp. I dare my life lay down, that the queen is spotle

ss In th' eyes of Heaven. Shakesp. Winter's Tale. You grac'd the several parts of life, A spotless virgin, and a faultless wife. IValler. We sometimes wish that it had been our lot to live and converse with Christ, to hear his divine discourses, and to observe his spotless behaviour; and we please ourselves perhaps with thinking, how ready a reception we should have given to him and his doctrine. Atterbury. Eternal sunshine of the spotless mind, Each pray’r accepted, and each wish resign'd, Pope. SPOTTER. m. s. [from spot.] One tha spots; one that maculates.

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As man and wife, being two, are one in love, So be there 'twixt your kingdoms such a spousal, That never may ill office, or fell jealousy, Thrust in hetween the paction § these kingdoms, To make divorce of their incorporate league Shak. The amorous bird of night Sung spousal, and bid haste the ev'ning star, On his hill top to light the bridal lamp. Milton The spousals of Hippolita the queen, What tilts and tourneys at the feasts were seen Dryden. AEtherial musick did her death prepare, Like joyful sounds of spousals in the air : A radiant light did her crown'd temples gild. Dry. SPOUSE. m. s. [sponsa, sponsus, Lat. espouse, Fr.] One joined in marriage; a husband or wife. She is of good esteem ; Reside, s , qualified as may be seem The spouse of any noble gentlemati. Shak. At once, Farewel, O faithful spouse ! they said : At once th' encroaching rinds their closing lips invade. Dryden. Spou's ED. adj. [from the noun..] Wedded; espoused; joined together as in matrimony. They led the vine To wed her elm ; she spous’d about him twines Her marriageable arms. Milton.

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Spout. n s. [from spuyt, Dut.] I. A pipe, or mouth of a pipe or vessel, out of which any thing is poured. She gasping to begin some speech, her eyes Became two spouts. Shakesp. Winter's Tale. In whales that breathe, lest the water should get unto the lungs, an ejection thereof is contrived by a fistula or spout at she head Brown's Vulgar Err If you chance it to lack, Be it claret or sack, I'll make this snout To deal it about, Or this to run out, As it were from a spout. Ben Jonson. As waters did in storms, now pitch runs out, As lead, when a fit’d church becomes one spout. Donne In Gaza they couch vessels of earth in their walls, to gather the wind from the top, and to pass it down in spouts into rooms Bacon. Let the water be fed by some higher than the pool, and delivered into it by fair spouts, and then discharged by some equality of bores, that it stay little. Bacon. In this single cathedral, the very spouts are loaded with ori.aments. Addison on Italy. From silver spouts the grateful liquors glide, And Chiua's earth receives the smoking tide. Pope.

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She swims in blood, and blood does spouting throw

To heav'n, that heav'n men's cruelties might know. Waller.

Next on his belly floats the mighty whale; He twists his back, and rears his threat'ning tail : He spouts the tide. Creech. To Spout. v. n. To issue as from a spout. They laid them down hard by the murmuring musick of certain waters, which spouted out of the side of the hills. Sidneu. No hands could force it thence, so fixt it stood. Till out it rush'd, expell'd by streams of spouting ... blood. Druden It spouts up out of deep wells, and flies forth at

the tops of them, upon the face of the ground Woodward.

All the glittering hill

Is bright with spouting rills. Thomson's Autumn. SPRAG. adj. Vigorous; spritely. A

provincial word. A go disprag memory. Shakesp Merry Isives. To SPRAIN. v. a. [corrupted from strain.] To stretch the ligaments of a joint without dislocation of the bone. Should the big last extend the shoe too wide, The sudden turn may stretch the swelling vein, Thy cracking joint unhinge, or ancle spruin. Gau. SPRAIN. m. s. [from the verb.] Exten. sion of the ligaments without dislocation of the joint. I was in pain, and thought it was with some

sprain at tennis. Temple. SPRAINTs. m. s. The dung of an otter. Dict.

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tion and contortion of the limbs. The birds were not fledged ; but, upon sprawling and struggling to get clear of the flame, down they tumbled. L'Estrange. Telamon hap'd to meet A rising root that held his fasten’d feet; So down he fell, whom sprawling on the ground His brother from the wooden gyves unbound. Dry. Hence, long before the child can crawl, He learns to kick, and wince, and sprawl Prior. Did the stars do this feat once only, which gave beginning to human race who were there then in the world, to observe the births of those first men, and calculate their nativities, as they slo awled out of ditches 2 #. He ran, he leapt into a flood, There sprawl'd a while, and scarce got out, All cover'd o'er with sline. Swift.

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he wind that whistles through the sprays Maintains the consort of the soug; And hidden birds, with native lays, The golden sleep prolong. D---2. The foam of the sea, commonly writte‘. spry. Winds raise some of the salt with the sprits Art

Hitha To SPREAD. v.a. [rpneban, Sax. sprey. den, Dut.] 1. To extend ; to expand; to make t cover or fill a larger space than before. He bought a field where he had spread ris to : renes-f, or aii Rizpah spread sackcloth for her upon the ros. 2 Sum ial Faire attendants then The sheets and bedding of the man of men, Within a cabin of the hollow keele Spred and made soft. Chapmin Make the trees more tall, more , an: Hot hasty than they use to be. Bacon's Nat. How Silver spread into plates is brought from Taishish. Jer, 1 Shall funeral eloquence her colours spread, And scatter roses on the wealthy dead 2 Years. 2. To cover by extension. Her cheeks their freshness lose and wontedgrace And an unusual paleness spreads her face. Grist. 3. To cover over. The workman melteth a graven image, and to goldsmith spreadeth it over with gold. Isa. Al. 19 4. To stretch ; to extend. Spread o'er the silver waves thy golden hair. Shakes. He arose from kneeling, with his hands spotup to heaven, and he blessed the congregation. 1. Kings, viii. 34 The stately trees fast spread their branches. Mithin. Deep in a rich alcove the prince was laid, Fast by his side Pisistratus say spread, In age his equal, on a splendid bed. Pop. 5. To publish ; to divulge ; to disseminate. They, when departed, spread abroad his fame in all that country. - Matthew, ix. 31 6. To emit as effluvia or emanations; to

diffuse. Their course thro' thickest constellations held. They spread their bane. Mito. To SPREAD. v. n. To extend or expand

itself. Can any understand the spreadings of the clouds. or the noise of his tabernacle : Job, xxxvi. 29 The princes of Germany had but a dull fear of the greatness of Spain, upon a general apprehension only of their spreading and ambitious designs. Bacca. Plants, if they spread much, are seldom tall.

Great Pan, who wont to chase the fair, And lov'd the spreading oak, was there. Addis. Cata The valley opened at the farther end, spreading forth into an immense ocean. Addison

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And to the light lift up their drooping head.

or ‘pouteth water, the other a fair receipt of water. Bucou,

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