SU'Pine. n.s.. [supin, Fr. supinum, Lat.] In grammar, a term signifying a particular kind of verbal noun. SUPI'NELY. adv. [from supine.] 1. With the face upward. 2. Drowsily; thoughtlessly; indolently.

Who on the beds of sin supinely lie, They in the summer of their age shall die. Sandys The old imprison'd king, Whose lenity first pleas'd the gaping crowd ; But when long try’d, and found supinelu good, Like Aosop's i. they leapt upol. |. back Dryd. He painting on thy breast supinely lies, \! hile with thy heav'nly form he feeds his famish'd eyes. Dryden's Lucretius. Wilt thou then repine To labour for thyself? and rather chuse To lie supinelu, hoping heaven will bless Thy slighted fruits, and give thee bread unearn'd? - Philips. Beneath a verdant laurel's shade, Horace, immortal bard' supinely laid.

SUPI'N EN Ess. n.s. [from supine.] 1. Posture with the face upward.

2. Drowsiness; carelessness; indolence. When this door is open to let dissenters in, considering their industry and our supineness, they may in a very few years grow to a majority in the house of commons. Swift. SUPINITY.. n.s.. [from supine.] 1. Posture of lying with the face upwards. 2. Carelessness; indolence; thoughtless

[ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors]



daughter I have borne to supplant me. Sidney. Upon a just "...? take Titus' part, And so supplant us for ingratitude. Shakesp.

3. To displace; to overpower; to force away. lf it be fond, call it a woman's fear : which fear, if better reasons can supplant, will subscribe, and say, I wrong'd the duke. Shak. Suspecting that the courtier had supplanted the friend. ell.

4. The sense in this passage seems to be

mistaken. For such doctrines as depend merely upon institution and the instruction of others, men do frequently differ both from themselves and from one another about them ; because that which can plant, can supplant. Wilkins.

SUPPLANTER. m. s. [from supplant.] One that supplants; one that displaces. SUPPLE, adj. [souple, Fr.] 1. Pliant ; flexible. The joints are more supple to all feats of activity in youth than afterwards. Bacon. to ill ye submit your necks, and chuse to..bend The supple knee : - Milton. And sometimes went, and sometimes rail With supple joints, as lively vigour led... Milton. No women are apter to Spin linen well than the Irish, who labouring little in any kind with their hands, have their fingers more surple and soft tian other women of the poorer condition in England.

Temple. 2. Yielding; soft; not obstinate. a hen we 've stuff'd These pipes and these conveyances of blood With wine and feeding, we have suppler souls Than in our priestlike fasts. Shakerp. Ev’n softer than thy own, of suppler kind, More exquisite of taste, and more than man refin'd. Dryden. If punishment reaches not the mind, and makes not the will supple, it hardens the offender. Locke. 3. Flattering ; fawning; bending. There is something so supple and insinuating in this absurd unnatural doctrine, as makes it extremely agreeable to a prince's ear, Addison. 4. That which makes supple. Each part depriv'd of supple government, Shall stiff, and stark, and cold appear, like death. Shakesp. To SU'PPLE. v. a. [from the adjective.] 1. To make pliant; to make soft; to make flexible. Poultices allaying pain, drew down the humours, and suppled the parts, thereby making the passages wider. Temple. To supple a carcase, drench it in water. Arbuth. 2. To make compliant. Knaves having, by their own importunate suit, Convinc'd or suppled them, they cannot chuse, But they must blab. Shakesp. Othello. A mother persisting till she had bent her daughter's mind, and suppled her will, the only end of correction, she established her authority thoroughly ever after. Locke on Education.

To SU'PPLE. v. m. To grow soft; to grow
The stones
Did first the rigour of their kind expel,
And suppled into softness as they fell, Dryden.
To SUPPLEMENT. n. s. [supplement,
Fr. supplementum, Lat.]

1. Addition to any thing by which its de

fects are supplied. Unto the word of God, being in respect of that end for which God ordained it, perfect, exact, and absolute in itself, we do not add reason as a supplement of any main or defect therein, but as a necessary instrument, without which we could not reap by the scriptures perfection that fruit and benefit which it yieldeth. Hooker. His blood will atone for our imperfection, his righteousness be imputed in supplement to what is lacking in ours, Rogers. Instructive satire, true to virtue's cause ! Thou shining supplement of publick laws ' Young. 2. Store ; supply. Not in use. We had not spent Our ruddie wine a-ship-board ; supplement Of large sort each man to his vessel drew. Chapm.

SUPPLEM ENTAL. adj. from suppleSUPPLEMENTARY, ment.] Additi

onal; such as may supply the place of what is lost or wanting.

Supplemental acts of state were made to supply defects of laws; and so tonnage and poundage were collected. Clarenao, Divinity would not then pass the yard and loom, nor preaching be taken in as an easier spplementary trade, by those that disliked the Laio, of their own. Decay of Pets Provide his brood, next Smithfield fair,

With supplor:ental hobby horses; Prior.

[ocr errors]

supple.] 1. Pliantness; flexibility; readiness to take any form. The fruit is of a pleasant taste, caused by the |. and gentleness of the juice, being that which maketh the boughs also so flexible. - Bacon's Natural History 2. Readiness of compliance; facility. Study gives strength to the mind, conversation grace ; the first apt to give stiliness, the other supplemess. confo. A compliance and suppleness of their wills, being by a steady hand introduced by parents, wo seem natural to them, preventing all occasions of struggling. Loe SU PPLEToRY. adj. [from suppleo, Lat.] Brought in to fill up deficiences. SU'PPLETORY. m. s. [suppletorium, Lat]

That which is to fill up deficiences. That suppletoru of an inplicit belief is by R manists conceived suflicient for those not canabe of an explicit. Hunius. SU'PPLIANT. adj. [suppliant, Fr.) Entreating; beseeching ; precatory; submissive.

[ocr errors]

To those legions your levy Must be suppliant. Shakesp. Cynihot. To bow and sue for grace with suppliant Aloi, The rich grow suppliant, and the poor grow proud: Those offer mighty gain, and these ask more. Ury. Constant to his first decree, To bow the haughty neck, and raise the supplies knee. o: SU'PPLIANT. n.s.. [from the adjective. An humble petitioner; one who begs submissively. A petition from a Florentine I undertook, Wanquish'd thereto by the fair grace and steech Of the poor suppliant. Shakes. Hourly suitors come : The east with incense, and the west with gold, wo ...'", †. to receive her doom Dry, pare this life, and hear thy suppliant's prayer. Drusion.

[merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small]

My lord protector will come this way by and by, and then we may deliver our supplications in the quill. Shakesp. My mother bows, As if Olympus to a mole-hill should ln supplication nod. Shakesp Coriolanus. 2. Petitionary worship ; the adoration of

a suppliant or petitioner. Praying with all prayer and supplication, with all perseverance and supplication for all saints. Ephesians, vi. 18

Bend thine ear To supplication: hear his sighs though mute. Mill. A second sort of publick prayer is, that all in a family that are members of it join in their common supplications Duty of Man. These prove the common practice of the worship ef in:ces in the Roman church, as to the rites of supplication and adoration, to be as extravagant as on:ong the heathens. Stillingfieet. \e silo tid testify our dependence upon God, and our confidence of his goodness, by constant prayers and supplications for mercy. Tullotson To SUPPLY'. v. a. [suppleo, Lat. suppleer, Fr.] 1. To fill up as any deficiencies happen. Qut of the fry of these rakehell horseboys are their kearn supplied and maintained. Spenser, To give something wanted; to yield; to afford. They were princes that had wives, sons, and nephews ; and yet all these could not supply the comfort of friendship. Bacon I wanted nothing fortune could supply, Nor did she slumber 'till that our deny. Dryden. 3. To relieve with something wanted. Although I neither lend nor borrow, Yet, to supply the ripe wants of my fiend, I'll break a custom. Shakesp. Merchant of Venice. 4. To serve instead of. Burning ships the banish'd sun supply, And no light shines but that by which men die. - - Waller. 5. To give or bring, whether good or bad. - Nearer care supplies Sighs to my breast, and sorrow to my eyes. Prior. 6. To fill any room made vacant. Upstart creatures to supply our Vacant room, Milton, The sun was set; and Vesper, to supply llis absent beams, had lighted up the sky. Dryd. 7. To accommodate; to furnish. While trees the mountain-tops with shades sup

[ocr errors]
[blocks in formation]

3. To endure; to bear. She scarce awake her eyes could keep, Unable to snpport the fumes of sleep. den. None can support a diet of flesh and water without acids, as salt, vinegar, and bread, without falling into a putrid sever. Arbuthnot. 1. To sustain ; to keep from fainting. With inward consolations recompeius'd, And oft supported. SUPPORT. m. s. verb.] 1. Act or power of sustaining. Though the idea we have of a horse or stone be but the collection of those several sensible qualities which we find united in them : yet, because we cannot conceive how they should subsist alone, we suppose them existing in and supported by some common subject, which support we denote by the name substance, though it be certain we have no clear idea of that support. Locke. 2. Prop ; sustaining power. 3. Necessaries of life. 4. Maintenance; supply. SUPPORTABLE. adj. [supportable, Fr. from support.] Tolerable ; to be endured. It may be observed that Shake

[blocks in formation]

1. One that supports. You must walk by us upon either hand, And good supporters are you. Shak. Meas, for Meas. Because a relation cannot be founded in nothing, and the thing here related as a supporter, or a support, is not represented to the mind by any distinct idea. . . Locke. 2. Prop; that by which any thing is borne up from falling. More might be added of helms, crests, manoles. and supporters. Camden. The sockets and supporters of flowers are o to cont. We shall be discharged of our load ; but you, that are designed for beams and supporters, shall bear. L'Estrange. There is no loss of room at the bottom, as there is in a building set upon supporters. Mortimer 3. Sustainer; comforter. The saints have a companion and supporter in all their miseries. South.

4. Maintainer; defender. The beginning of the earl of Essex 1 must attribute in great part to my l rd of Leicester; but yet as an introducer or supporter, not as a teacher. | Wotton. Such propositions as these are competent to blast and defame any cause which requires such aids, and stands in need of such supporters. Hammond. All examples represent ingratitude as sitting in its throne, with pride at its right hand, and cruelty at its left; worthy supporters of such a reigning impiety, South.


[support, Fr. from the

Love was no more, when loyalty was gone, The great supporters of his awful throne. Druden. 5. Supporters. n.s. pl. [In heraldry.] Beasts that support the arms. SUPPO's ABLE. adj [from suppose.] That may be supposed. Invincible ignorance is, in the far greatest number of men, ready to be confronted against the necessity of their believing all the severals of an supposable catalogue. Hammond. SUPPO's AL. m. s. [from suppose.] Position without proof; imagination; belief. Young Fortinbras, Holding a weak supposal of our worth, Thinks our state to 5. out of frame. Shakesp. Little can be looked for towards the advancement of natural theory, but from those that are likely to mend our prospect: the defect of events, and sensible appearances, suffer us to proceed no further towards science, than to imperfect guesses and timorous supposals. Glanville's Scepsis, Preface. When this comes, our former supposal of sufficient grace, as of the preaching of ... word, and God's calls, are utterly at an end. Hammond. Interest, with a Jew, never proceeds but upon supposal at least of a firin and sufficient bottom. outh. Artful men endeavour to entangle thoughtless women by bold supposals and offers. Clarissa. To SUPPOSE. v. a. [supposer, Fr. suppomo, Lat.] 1. To lay down without proof; to advance by way of argument or illustration without maintaining the truth of the position. Where we meet with all the indications and evidences of such a thing, as the thing is capable of, supposing it to be true, it must needs be very irrational to make any doubt of it. Wilkins. 2. To admit without proof. This is to be entertained as a firm principle, that when we have as great assurance that a thing is, as we could possi § supposing it were, we ought not to make any doubt of its existence. Tillotson. Suppose some so negligent that they will not be brought to learn by gentle ways, yet it does not thence follow that, the rough discipline of the cudgel is to be used to all. Locke. 3. To imagine; to believe without examination. Tell false Edward, thy supposed king, That Lewis of France is sending over maskers. Shak. Let not my lord suppose that they have slain all the king's sons; for Amnon only is slain. 2 Sam. xiii. 32. I suppose we should compel them to a quick result. Milton. 4. To require as previous. This supposeth something, without evident ground. Hale. 5. To make reasonably supposed. One falsehood always supposes another, and renders all you can say suspect, d. Female Quizotte. 6. To put one thing by fraud in the place of another. SUPPo's E. m. s. . [from the verb.] Supposition; position without proof; unevidenced conceit. We come short of our suppose so far, That, after sev'n years siege, yet Troy-walls stand. Shak. Is Egypt's safety, and the king's, and your's, Fit to be trusted on a bare suppose That he is honest ? Dryden's Cleomenes.

SUPPO's ER. m. s. [from suppose..] One that counterfeits.

Thool hast by marriage made thy daughter mine

While counterfeit supposers bleer'd thine eyne. Shakerp SUPPosition. m. s. [supposition, Fr. from suppose.] Position laid down, hypothesis; imagination yet unproved. In saying he is a good man, understand me that he is sufficient ; yet his means are in supposition Shakesp. Sing, syron, for thyself, and I will dote ; Spread o'er the silver waves thy golden hairs, Aird as a bed I'll take thee, and there lye ; And in that glorious supposition think He gains by death, that hath such means to die. Shakesp. This is only an infallibility upon supposition, that if a thing be true, it is impossible to be false Tillot. Such an original irresistible notion is neither requisite upon supposition of a Deity, nor is pretendied to by religion. Bentley. SUPPositi"tioU.S. adj. [from suppositus, supposititius, Lat.] 1. Not genuine; put by a trick into the


place or character belonging to another. The destruction of Mustapha was so fatal to Solyman's line, as the succession of the Turks from Solvinan is suspected to be of strange blood; for that St lymus II. was thought to be supposititiarts. Bacon It is their opinion, that no man cwer killed his father ; but that, if it should ever happen, the reputed son must have been illegitimate, supposititions, or be gotten in adultery. Addison. There is a Latin treatise among the supposititi. ous pieces, ascribed to Athanasius. Waterland. 2. Supposed ; imaginary ; not real. Some alterations in the globe tend rather to the benefit of the earth, and its productions, than their destruction, as all these supposititious ones manifestly would do. Woodward. Suppositi"tious N Ess. m. s. [from sup

posititious.] State of being counterfeit. SUPPo'sitiveLY. adv. [from suppose.]

Upon supposition.
The unreformed sinner may have some hope

suppositively, if he do change and repent : the ho

nest penitent may hope positively. Hammond.

[blocks in formation]

To SUPPRESS. v. a. [supprino, suppressus, Lat. supprimer, Fr.]

". To crush; to overpower; to over. whelm ; to subdue ; to reduce from any

state of activity or commotion. Glo'ster would have armour out of the Tower, To crown himself king, and suppress the prince. Shakesp. Henry VI. Every rebellion, when it is suppressed, doth make the subject weaker, and the prince stronger. Davies on Ireland. Sir William Herbert, with a well armed and ordered company, set sharply upon thern ; and, oppressing some of the forwardest of them by death, suppressed the residue by fear. Hayward. 2. To conceal; not to tell; not to reveal. Things not reveal’d, which th' invisible King, Only omniscient, hath suppress'd in night. Milton. Still she suppresses the maine, and this keeps him in a pleasing suspense; and, in the very close of her speech, she indirectly mentions it. - Broome on the Odyssey. 3. To keep in ; not to let out. Well did'st thou, Richard, to suppress thy voice; For, had the passions of thy heart burst out, I fear we should have seen decypher'd there More ranc'rous spight, more furious raging broils. Snakesp.

SUPPRE'ssion. n.s.. [suppression, Fr. suppressio, Lat. from suppress.]

1. The act of suppressing.

‘... Not publication.

[blocks in formation]

fies above or before. SUPRALAPsA'RIAN. } SUPRALA'PsARY. lapsus, Lat.] Antecedent to the fall of man. The supralapsarians, with whom the object of the decree is homo conditus, man created, not yet

fallen ; and the sublapsarians, with whom it is man fallen, or the corrupt mass. Hammond.

[blocks in formation]

SUPREM Acy, n. s. [from supreme.] Highest place ; highest authority; state of being supreme. No appeal may be made unto any one of higher power, in as much as the order of your discipline admitteth no standing inequality of courts, no spiritual judge to have any ordinary superior on earth, but as many supremacies as there are parishes and several congregations. Hooker. As we under heav'n are supreme head, So, under him, that great supremacy, \\ here we do reign, we will alone uphold. Shakesp. King John. I am asham'd that women Should seek for rule, supremacy, and sway, When they are bound to serve, love, and obey.

Shakesp. Put to proof his high supremacy,

You may depend upon a suppression of these werges. Pope,

Whether upheld by strength, or chance, or fate.

Henry VIII. had no intention to change +5. gion : he continued to burn protestants after st had cast off the pope's supremaru. Sain You 're formed by nature for this sopreisari, which is granted from the distinguisling chair. ter of your writing. Drizra From some wild curs that from their nason

rail, Abhorring the supremacu of man, In woods and caves the rebel race began Dreien . Supremacy of nature, or supremacy of perfecti-, is to be possessed of all perfection, and to high-st excellency possible. state rigo. To deny him this supremacy is to dethrone ore Deity, and give his kingdom to another. Regen

SUPREME. adj. [supremus, Lat.] 1. Highest in dignity; highest in authority. It may be observed that superiour is used often of local elevation, but sm. preme only of intellectual or political.

As no man serveth God, and loveth him to, so neither can any man sincerely love God, and not extremely abhor that sin which is the hi-het degree of treason against the supreme Guide and Monarch of the whole world, with whose divine authority and power it investeth others. Hoor. The god of soldiers, With the consent of supreme Jove, inform Thy thoughts with nobleness Shak Coriolina. My soul akes To know, when two authorities are up, Neither supreme, how soon confusion May enter 'twixt the gap of both. Shak. C++. This strength, the seat of Deity supreme M4. The monarch oak, the patriarch of the trees, Shoots rising up, and spreads by slow degrees; Three centuries he grows, and three he stays Supreme in state, and in three more decays. Dryi 2. Highest; most excellent. No single virtue we could most commend, Whether the wife, the mother, or the triend ; For she was all in that supreme degree, That, as no one prevail'd, so all was she. Drydea - To him both Heav'n The right had giv'n, And his own love bequeath'd supreme command Drudea.

SUPREMELY. adv. [from the adjective.]
In the highest degree.
The starving chemist in his golden views
Supremely blest, the poet in his muse.
SUR. [sur, Fr.] In composition, means
upon, or over and above.

SURADDI'tion. n.s.. [sur and addition. Something added to the name.

He serv'd with glory and admir’d success, So gain'd the suraddition, Leonatus. Shak. Cymbel.

SU'RAL. adj. . [from sura, Lat.] Being in the calf of the leg.

He was wounded in the inside of the calf of his

leg, into the sural artery. Wiseman's Surgery

SU'RANCE. m. s. (from sure.] Warrant; security; assurance. Give some surance that thou art revenge;

[ocr errors]

To SURBATE. v. a. [solbatir, Fr.] To bruise and batter the feet with travel; to harass; to fatigue.

Their march they continued all that night, the horsemen often alighting, that the foot might ride, and others, taking many of them behind them; however they could not but be extremely weary and surbated. Clarender. Chalky land surbates and spoils oxen's feet. Mortiarr.

[ocr errors]

SURBE’t: . The participle passive of surbeat, which Spenser seems to have used


for surbate,

[merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors]
[merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

The air, after receiving a charge, doth not receive a surcharge, or greater charge, with lik, appetite as it doth the first. Bacon's Nat. Hist. An object of surcharge or excess destroyeth the sense: as the light of the sun the eye; a violent sound near the ear, the hearing. Bacon's Nat Hist. The moralists make this raging of a lion to be a surcharge of one madness upon another. L'Estr. To SURCHARGE. v. a. [surcharger, Fr.] To overload ; to overburthen. They put upon every portion of land a reasonable rent, which they called Romescot, the which might not surcharge the tenant or freeholder. Spenser on Ireland. Tamas was returned to Tauris, in hope to have suddenly surprised his enemy, surcharged with the pleasures of so rich a city. Knolles's History of the Turks. More remov’d, heav'n surcharg'...with potent multitude, Ah! hap to move new broils. Milt. Par. Lost. e ceas'd, discerning Adam with such joy Surcharg'd, as had, like grief, been dew'd in tears Without the vent of wo ds. Milt. Par. Lost. When graceful sorrow in her pomp appears, Sure she is dress'd in Melesinda's tears: Your head reclin'd, as hiding grief from view, Droops like a rose surcharg’d with morning dew. Dryden.

SURchA'RGER. m. s. (from surcharge.] One that overburthens. SURC1'NGLE. m. s. [sur and cingulum, Lat.] 1. A girth with which the burthen is bound upon a horse. 2. The girdle of a cassock. Justly he chose the surcingle and gown. Marvel. 3U'RCLE. n.s.. [surculus, Lat.] A shoot; a twig; a sucker. Not in general use.

lt is an arboreous excresence, or superplant, which the tree cannot assimulate, and therefore sprouteth not forth in boughs and surcles of the same shape unto the tree. Brown.

The basilica dividing into two branches below the cubit, the outward sendeth two surcles unto the thumb. - Brown.

Wol. II.

[ocr errors][merged small]

of the dress. The honourable abilaments, as robes of state, parliament-robes, the surcoat and mantle. Camden. The commons were besotted in excess of apparel, in wide surcoats reaching to their lions. Camden. That day in equal arms they fought for fame: Their swords, their shields, their surcoats were the saille. Dryden. SURD. adj. [surdus, Lat.] 1. Deaf; wanting the sense of hearing. 2. Unheard; not perceived by the ear. 3. Not expressed by any term. Su'R Dity. n. s. [from surd J Deafness. SUR DNU'MBER. n.s.. [from surd and number.] unity. SURE adj. [sur, Fr.] 1. Certain; unfailing; infallible. The testimony of the Lord is sure, and giveth wisdom unto the simple Psalm xix. 7. Who knows, Let this be good, whether our angry foe Can give it, or will ever ? How he can ls doubtful; that he never will, is sure. Milton's Paradise Lost. 2. Certainly doomed. Our coin beyond sea is valued according to the silver in it: sending it in bullion is the safest way, and the weightiest is sure to go. - Locke. 3. Confident; undoubting; centainly knowing. Friar Lawrence made them both ; Him he knew well, and guess'd that it was she . But being mask'd, he was not sure of it. Shakesp. Let tio man seek what may befall; Evil he may be sure. Milton. The youngest in the morning are not sure That 'till the night their life they can secure. Denh. While sore of battle, while our wounds are green, W by would we tempt the doubtful dye agen : In wars renew'd, uncertain of success, Sure of a share, as umpires of the peace. Dryden. If you find nothing new in the matter, I am sure inach less will you in the style. Wake. Be silent always, when you doubt your sense; And speak, though sure, with seeming diffidence. Pope. 4. Safe; firm; certain; past doubt or danger. To make sure is to secure, so as that nothing shall put out of one's possession or power. Thy kingdom shall be sure unto thee, after that thou shalt i. known that the Heavens do rule. Dan. iv. 26. He had me make sure of the bear, before I sell his skin. L'Estrange. They would make others on both sides sure of pleasing, in preference to instruction. Dry. Dufres. They have a nearer and surer way to the felicity of life, by tempering their passions, and reducing their appetites. Temple. A peace cannot fail, provided we make sure of Spain. Temple. Revenge is now my joy; he ’s not for me, And I'll make sure he ne'er shall be for thee. Dryd. I bred you up to arms, rais'd you to power, All to make sure the vengeance of this day, Which even this day has ruin'd. Dryd. Span Fryar. Make Cato sure, and give up Utica, Caesar will ne'er refuse thee such a trifle. Addison. They have reason to make all actions worthy of observation, which are sure to be observed. Atterb. 5. Firm; stable; steady; not liable to failure. Thou the garland wear'st successively; Yet though thou stand'st more sure than I could do, Thou art not firm enough. Shakesp. Henry IV. I wish your horses swift and sure of foot, And so I do commend you to their backs. Shakesp. Macbeth.

That is incommensurate with lo

I wrapt in sure bands both their hands and feet, And cast them under hatches. Chapman. Virtue, dear friend, needs no defence; The surest guard is innocence. Roscommon. Partition firm and sure the waters to "i, toi. Doubting thus of innate principles, men will call pulling up the old foundations of knowledge and certainty: l persuade myself that the way I have pursued, being conformable to truth, lays those foundations surer. Locke To prove a genuine birth, On female truth assenting faith relies: Thus, manifest of right, I build my claim, Sure founded, on a fair maternal fame. Pope's Odys.

6. To be sure. Certainly. This is a vi

cious expression; more properly be sure. Objects of sense would then determine the views of all such, to be sure, who conversed perpetually with them. Atterbury. Though the chymist could not calcine the caput mortuum, to obtain its fixed salt, to be sure, it must have some. Arbuthnot. SURE. adv. [surement, Fr.) Certainly; without doubt; doubtless. It is generally without emphasis; and notwithstanding its original meaning, expresses rather doubt than assertion. Something, sure, of state Hath puddled his clear spirit. Shakesp Her looks were flush'd, and sullen was her mien That sure the virgin goddess, had she been, Aught but a virgin, must the guilt have seen. Addison. Sure the queen would wish him still unknown; She loaths, detests him, flies his hated presence. Smith. Sure, upon the whole, a bad author deserves better usage than a bad critick. Pope. SURefo'oted. adj. [from sure and foot.] Treading firmly; not stumbling. True earnest sorrows, rooted miseries, Anguish in grain, vexations ripe and blown, Surefooted griefs, solid calamities. Herbert. SU'RELY. adv. [from sure.] 1. Certainly; undoubtedly; without doubt. It is often used rather to intend and strengthen the meaning of the sentence, than with any distinct and explicable meaning. In the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die. Genesis. Thou surely hadst not come sole fugitive. Milton. He that created ...; out of nothing, sure tu can raise great things out of small. South. The curious have thought the most minute af. fairs of Rome worth uotice; and surely the consideration of their wealth is at least of as great importance as grammatical criticisms. Arbuthnot. Surely we may presume, without affecting to sit in the seat of God, to think some very fallibie men liable to errors. Waterland. 2. Firmly; without hazard. He that walketh righteously, walketh surely. Psalms. SU'REN Ess. n. s. [from sure.] Certainty. The subtle ague, that for sureness sake Takes its own time th'assault to make. Cowley. He diverted himself with the speculation of the seed of coral; and for more sureness he opeats it. Woodward. SU'REtish (P. m. s. [from surety.] The office of a surety or bondsman; the act

[merged small][ocr errors]

Hath not the greatest slaughter of armies been effected by stratagem? And have not the fairest estates been destroyed by suretiship? South. SU'RETY n. s. [sureté, Fr.] 1. Certainty; indubitableness. Know of a surety that thy seed shall be a stranger. Gen. xv. 2. Security; safety. There the princesses determining to bathe, thought it was so privileged a place as no body durst presume to come thither; yet, for the more surety, they looked round about. Sidney. 3. Foundation of stability; support. We our state Hold, as you yours, while our obedience holds; On other surety none. Milton 4. Evidence; ratification; confirmation. She call'd the saints to surety, That she would never put it from her finger, Unless she gave it to yourself. Shakesp. 5. Security against loss or damage; security for payment. There remains unpaid A hundred thousand more, in surety of the which One part of Aquitain is bound to us. Shakesp. 6. Hostage; bondsman; one that gives security for another; one that is bound for another That you may well perceive I have not wrong'd ou, One of. greatest in the Christian world Shall be my suretu, Shak. All's well that ends well. I will be surety for him; of my hand shalt thou require him. Genesis, xliii. 9. et be not surety, if thou be a father; Love is a personal debt: I cannot give My children's right, nor ought he take it. Herbert. All, in infancy, are by others presented with the desires of the parents, and intercession of sureties, that they may be early admitted by o into the school of Christ. ammond Su'RfAce. m. s. [sur and face, Fr.] Superfices; outside; superfice. It is ac

cented by Milton on the last syllable. Which of us who beholds the bright surface Of this ethereous mold, whereon we stand. Milton. Errours like straws upon the surface flow; He who would search for pearls must dive below. Dryden. All their surfaces shall be truly plain, or truly spherical, and look all the same way, so as togegether to compose one even surface. Newton's Opticks. To SU'RFEIT. v.a. [from sur and faire, Fr. to do more than enough, to overdo.] To feed with meat or drink to satiety

and sickness; to cram overmuch. The surfeited grooms Do mock their charge with snores. Shakesp. To SU'RFEit. v. n. To be fed to satiety

and sickness.

They are as sick that surfeit with too much, as

they that starve with nothing. Shakesp Merchant of Venice. Take heed lest your hearts be overcharged with surfeiting and drunkenness. Luke, xxi. 34. Though some had so surfeited in the vineyards, and with the wines, that they had been left behind, the generosity of the Spaniards sent them all home. Clarendon. They must be let loose to the childish play they fancy, which they should be weaned from, by being made to surfeit of it. Locke. SU'RFEIT. m. s. [from the verb.] Sick

ness or satiety caused by overfulness. When we are sick in fortune, often the surfeits of our own behaviour, we make guilty of our disasters the sun, the moon and stars. Shakesp. King Lear. How ill white hairs become a fool and jester! 1 have long dream'd of such a kind of man, So surfeit-swell'd, so old, and so profane.

Now comes the sick hour that his surfeit made; Now shall he try his friends that flatter'd him. Shakesp. Richard II. Why, disease, dost thou molest Ladies, and of them the test? Do not unen grow sick of rites, To thy altars, by their nights Spent in surfeits 2 Ben Jonson. Surfeits many tines turn to purges, both upwards and downwards. Bacon's Natural History. Peace, which he lov’d in life, did lend Her hand to bring him to his end; When age and death call'd for the score, No surfeits were to reckon for. Crusnitc. ur father Has ta'en himself a surfeit of the world, And cries, it is mot safe that we should taste it. Otway.

[ocr errors]

who riots' a glutton

I did not think This am’rous surfeiter would have donu'd his helm For such a petty war. Shakesp. Ant. and Cleopatra.

SU'RFEitwater. n s. [surfeit and water.] Water that cures surfeits. A little cold-distill'd poppy water, which is the true surfeitwater, with ease and abstinence, often ends distempers in the beginning. Locke.

SURGE. m. s. [from surgo, Lat.] A swelling sea; wave rolling above the general

surface of the water; billow; wave. The realm was left like a ship in a storm, amidst all the raging surges, unruled and undirected of any; Spenser. The wind-shak'd surge, with high and monstrous unain, Seems to cast water on the burning hear, And quench the guards of the ever-fired pole: I never did like molestation view On the enchafed flood. Shakesp. He trod the water, Whose enmity he flung aside, and breasted The surge most swoln that met him. Shak. Tempest. It was formerly famous for the unfortunate loves of Hero and Leander, drowned in the uncompassionate surgos. Sundys. The sulph'rous hail Shot after us in storm, o'erblown, hath laid The fiery surge, that from the precipiece Of heav'n receiv'd us falling. Milton's Par. Lost. He sweeps the skies,and clears the cloudy north : He flies aloft, and with impetuous roar Pursues the foaming surges to the shore. Dryden. Thetis, near Ismena's swelling flood, With dread beheld the rolling surges sweep In heaps his slaughter'd sons into the deep. Pope.

To SURGE. v. n. [from surgo, Lat.] To swell; to rise high. From midst of all the main The surgirg waters like a mountain rise. Spenser. He, all in rage, his sea-god sire besought, Some cursed vengeance on his son to cast; From surging guifs two monsters straight were brought. Spenser. The serpent mov’d, not with intended wave, Prone on the ground, as since; but on his rear, Circular base of rising folds, that tower'd Fold above fold, a surging maze' Milt. Par. Lost. Surging waves against a solid rock, Though all to shivers dash'd, th’ assault renew, Vain Tattory, and in froti, or bubbles end. Milton. SU'RG EoN. m. s. [corrupted by conversation from chirurgeon.] One who cures by manual operation; one whose duty is to act in external maladies by the direction of the physician. The wound was past the cure of a better surgeon than myself, so as I could but receive some few of her dying words. Sidney. I meddle with no woman's matters; but withal, 1 am a surgeon to old shoes. Shak Julius Caesar.

He that hath wounded his neighbour, is tied to the expences of the surgeon, and other incidents.


Shakesp. Henry IV.

[ocr errors]

SURLY. adj.

Tho' most were sorely wounded, none were-so, The surgeons soon despoil'd them of their aros, And some with salves they cure. Drein

s. [for chirurgery. The act of curing of manual operation.

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

due means recovered, might afterwards do go service. See** Strangely visited people, The mere despair of surgery, s: cures. Shakesp. Marieto

They are often tarred over with the surgen our sheep, and would you have us kiss tar: S

SURGY. adj. [from surge.] Rising in

billows. Do publick or domestick cares constrain This toilsome voyage o'er the surgy main? For

[ocr errors]


[ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][merged small]

[from run sour, Sax.] Gloomily morose; rough; uncivil; sour; silently angry. 'Tis like you'll prove a jolly surly groom, That take it on you at the first so roundly. Sak. That surlu spirit inelancholy, Had bak'd thy blood, and made it heavy thick, Which else runs tickling up and down the veins, Making that idiot laughter keep men's eyes, And strain their cheeks to idle merriment. Shakesp. King John. Against the capitol I met a lion, Who glar'd upon me, and went surly by, Without annoying me. Skakesp. Jolius Cæsar. Repuls'd by surlu grooms, who wait before The sleeping tyraut's interdicted door. Drydea. What it among the courtly tribe You lost a place, and sav'd a bribe 2 And then in surlu mood came here To fifteen hundred pounds a year, And fierce against the whigs harangu'd? Soft. The zephyrs floating loose, the timely rains, Now soften’d into joy the surly storms. Thanisa To SURM1's E. v. a. [surmise, Fr.] To suspect; to image imperfectly; to ima. gine without certain knowledge. Man coveteth what exceedeth the reach of sense, yea somewhat above capacity of reason, sense. what divine and heavenly, which with hidden exultation it rather surmiseth than conceiveth : screwhat it seeketh, and what that, is directly it knoweth not; yet very intentive desire thereof doth so incite it, that all other known delights and pleasures, are laid aside, and they give place to tie search of this but only suspected desire. Hoer. Qf questions and strifes of words cometh envy, railings, and evil surmisings. 1 Tim wi. 4. - Surmise not His presence to these narrow bounds confin'd. Milton It wafted nearer yet, and then she knew That what before she but surmis d, was true. - I}roen. This change was not wrought by altering the form or position of the earth, as was surmised by a a very learned man, but by dissolving it. Woo-jurord SURMI's E. n.s.. [surmise, Fr.] Imperfect notion; suspicion; imagination not supported by knowledge.

« ForrigeFortsett »