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- A hovering mist came swimming o'er his sight, And seal’d his eyes in everlasting night. Dryden. My slack hand dropt, and all the idle pomp, Priests, altars, victims swam before my sight ! Smith. The fain ong soul stood ready wing'd for flight, And o'er his eye-halls swum the shades of night. - - Pope. To be dizzy: to be vertiginous. I am taken with a grievous swimming in my head, and such a mist before my eyes, that I can neither hear nor see. Dryden. To be floated. When the heavens are filled with clouds, when the earth swims in rain, and all nature wears a lowering countenance, I withdraw in yself from these uncomfortable scenes into the visionary worlds of
att. Addison's Spectator. - Sudden the ditches swell, the meadows swim. Thomson.
- To have abundance of any quality; to
flow in any thing.
Ere long to swim at large, and laugh; for which The world a world of tears must weep. Milton. o Swi M. v. a. To pass by swimming.
Sometimes he thought to swim the stormy main,
By stretch of arms the distant shore to gain. Dryd. wi M.M. n.s.. [from the verb.] The bladder of fishes by which they are support
ed in the water. The braces have the nature and use of tendons, in contracting the swim, and thereby transfusing the air out of one bladder into another, or discharging it from them both. Grew. wi'MMER. n.s. [from swim.] . One who swims. Birds find ease in the depth of the air, as swimmers do in a deep water. Bacon. Latirostrous and flat-billed birds being generally twimmers, the organ is wisely contrived for action.
- Life is oft preserv'd
By the bold swimmer, in the swift illapse Of accident disastrous. Thomson. . The swimmer is situated in the fore legs of a horse, above the knees, and upon , the inside, and almost upon the back a parts of the hind legs, a little below the ham: this part is without hair, and resembles a piece of hard dry horn. Farrier's Dict. wi'MMINGLY. adv. [from swimming.] ... Smoothly; without obstruction. A low word.
John .." the battlements, and called to Nick, I hope the gause goes on swimmingly. Arbuthnot.
SWINE. m. s. sppin, Sax. swyn, Dut..] It is probably the plural of some old word, and is now the same in both numbers.] A hog; a pig. A creature remarkable
for stupidity and nastiness. O monstrous beast ! how like a swine he lies! Shakesp. . He will be swine drunk; and in his sleep he does little harm, save to his bedcloaths. Shakesp. Now I fat his swine, for others cheere.Chapman. Who knows not Circe, The daughter of the Sun? whose charmed cup Whoever tasted, lost his upright shape, • Aud downward fell into a groveling swine. Milton. Had the upper part, to the middle, been of human shape, and all below swine, had it been mur. des to destroy it? Locke. , How instinct varies in the grov'ling strine, Compar'd, half-reasoning elephant, with thine ! Pope. SWI/NEBREAD. m. s. [cyclaminus.) A kind of plant; truffles. Bailey.
2. A line on which any
Swi'NEHERd. n.s. [rpin and pyno, Sax.] A keeper of hogs. There swineherd, that keepeth the hog. Tusser. The whole interview between Ulysses and Eumeus has fallen into ridicule: Eumeus, has been judged to be of the same rank and condition with our modern swineherds. - Broome Swi'N EPIPE. m. s. sturdus iliacus.] A bird of the thrush kind. Bailey. To Swing. r. n. Irpingan, Sax.] 1. To wave to and fro hanging loosely. I tried if a pendulum would swing faster, or con: tinue swinging longer in our receiver, in case of exsuction of the air than otherwise. Boule. If the coach swung but the least to one side, she used to shriek so loud, that all concluded she was
overturned. Arbuthnot. Jack hath hanged himself: let us go see how he swings. Arbuthnot.
When the swinging signs your ears offend
With creaking noise, then rainy floods impo, ray. 2. To flybackward and forward on a rope. To Swi NG. v. a. preterite, snang, swung.
1. To make to play loosely on a string.
2. To whirl round in the air. His sword prepar’d,
He swang about his head, and cut the winds.Shak. Take bottles and suring them : fill not the bottles full, but leave some air, else the liquor cannot play nor flower. Bacon. Swinging a red-hot iron about, or fastening it unto a wheel under that motion, it will sooner grow cold. Brown. Swing thee in the air, then dash thee down,
To th’ hazard of thy brains and shatter'd sides. Milton,
3. To wave closely. If one approach to dare his force, He swings his tail, and swiftly turns him round. Dryden. Swing. n.s.. [from the verb.] 1. Motion of any thing hanging loosely. In casting of any thing, the arms, to make a greater swing, are first cast backward. - Bacon's Nat. Hist. Men use a pendulum, as a more steady and regular motion than that of the earth; yet if any one should ask how he certainly knows that the two successive swings of a pendulum are o it would be very hard to satisfy him ke
thing hangs loose. 3. Influence or power of a body put in
motion. The ram that batters down the wall, For the great string and rudeness of his poise, They place before his hand that made the engine. Shakesp. In this encyclopædia, and round of knowledge, like the great wheels of heaven, we are to observe two circles, that, while we are daily carried about, and whirled on by the swing and rapt of the one, we may maintain a natural and proper course in the sober wheel of the other. Brown The descending of the earth to this orbit is not upon that mechanical account Cartesius pretends, namely, the strong swing of the more solid globuli that overflow it. - More. 4. Course; unrestrained liberty; abandon
Those that are so persuaded, desire to be wise in a way that will gratify their appetites, and so give up themselves to the swing of their unbounded propensions Glanville.
Were it not for these, civil government were not able to stand before the prevailing swing of corrupt nature, which would know no honest but advantage. S.
To SWINGE. v. a. Irpingan, Sax.] The g in this word, and all its derivatives, sounds as in gem, giant.] 1. To whip; to bastinade; to punish. Sir, I was in love with my bed : 1 thank you, i. swing'd me for my love, which makes me the older to chide you for your's. Shuk. Two G. of V. This very rev'reud letcher, quite worn out With rheumatisms, and crippled with his gout, Forgets what he in youthful times hath doire, And swinges his own vices in his son. Dryden, jun. Juvenal. The printer brought along with him a bundle of those papers, which, in the phrase of the whigcoffee-houses, have swinged off the Examiner. Swift. 2. To move as a lash. Not in use. He, wroth to see his kingdom fail, Swinges the scaly horror of his folded tail. Milton.
Swing E. n.s.. [from the verb.] A sway; a sweep of anything in motion. Not in use. The shallow water doth her force infringe, And renders vain her tail's impetuous swinge. Waller. r Sw1 NgEBUCKLER. m. s. [swinge and buckler.] A bully; a man that pretends to feats of arms. You had not four such swingebucklers in all the inns of court again. Shakesp. Henry IV. Swi'NGER. m. s. [from swing.] He who swings; a hurler. Swi'NGING. adj. [from swunge.] Great; huge. A low word. The countrymen seeing the lion disarmed, with a swinging cudgel broke off the match. L'Estrange. A good swinging sum of John's readiest cash went towards building of Hocus's country-house. Arbuthnot. Swi'NGINGLY. adv. [from swinging, or swinge.] Vastly ; greatly.
* Henceforward he'll print neither pamphlets nor
To Swi'NGLE. v. n. [from swing.] 1. To dangle; to wave hanging. 2. To swing in pleasure. Swi'Nish. adj. [from swine.] Befitting swine; resembling swine; gross; brutal. They clepe us drunkards, and with swinish phrase Soil our addition. Swinish glutton Ne'er looks to heav'n amidst his gorgeous feast, But, with besotted base ingratitude, Crams, and blasphemes his feeder. Milton. To Swink. v. n. Irpincan, Sax.] To labour; to toil; to drudge. Obsolete. Riches, renown, and principality, For which men suink and sweat or. For they do swink and sweat to seed the other, Who live like lords of that which they do gather.
penser. To Sw1NK. v. a. To overlabour. Obsolete. The labour'd ox In his loose traces from the furrow came, And the swink'd hedger at his supper sat. Milton. Sw1Nk. n. s. [rpinc, Sax.] Labour;
Where the suin i. there follow, fawn, flatter, laugh, and lie lustily at other men's liking.
Ascham's Schoolmaster. |
Ah, Piers, been thy teeth on edge, to think How great sport they gaymen with little swinke * Spenser. Thou's but a lazy loorde, Andrekes much of thy swinke. Spenser. Switch. m. s. A small flexible twig. Fetch me a dozen crabtree staves, and strong ones; these are but switches. Shakesp. Hen. VIII. When a circle 'bout the wrist Is made by beadle exorcist, The body feels the spur and switch. Hudibras. Mauritania, on the fifth medal, leads a horse with something like a thread; in her other hand she holds a switch. dison. To Switch. v. a. [from the noun..] To lash; to jerk. Lay thy bridle's weight Most of thy left side; thy right horse then switching, all thy throat Spent in encouragements give him; and all the rein let float. hapman's Iliad.
Unto his aid she hastily did draw Her dreadful beast, who, swoln with blood of late, Came ramping forth with proud presumptuous gait. Spenser. When thus the gather'd storms of wretched love In my swoln bosom with long war had strove, At length they broke their bounds: at length their force Bore down whatever met its stronger course; Laid all the civil bonds of manhood waste, And scatter'd ruin as the torrent past. Prior. Whereas at first we had only three of these principles, their number is already swoln to five. - Baker on Learning. Swo M. The preterite of swim. To Swoon. v. n. [arpunan, Sax.] To suffer a suspension of thought and sensation; to faint. So play the foolish throngs with one that swoons; Come als to help him, and so stop the air By which he should revive. Shakesp. If thou stands not i' th' state of hanging, or of some death more long in spectatorship, and cruel. 'er in suffering, behold now press intly, and swoon for what's to come upon thee. Shakesp. We see the great and sudden effect of smells in fetching men again, when they swoon. Bacon. The most in years swoon'd first away for pain;
Then, scarce recover'd, spoke. yden.
There appeared such an ecstacy in his action, that he seemed ready to swoon away in the surprize of joy. Tatler. Swoon. m. s. [from the verb.] A lipothymy; a fainting fit. To Swoop. v. a. [I suppose formed from the sound.] ... To seize by falling at once as a hawk upon his prey. A fowl in Madagascar, called a ruck, the sea“hers of whose wings are twelve paces, can with as much ease “woop up an elephant as our kites do a mouse, Wilkins,
Old unhappy traitor, the sword is out That must so." thee. Shakesp. K. Lear.
Each man took his sword, and slew all the males.
Of Michael from the armoury of God
A swordfish small him from the rest did sunder, That in his throat him pricking softly under, His wide abyss him forced forth to spew. Spenser.
Malphigi observed the middle of the optick nerve of the sword-fish to be a large membrane, folded, according to its length, in many doubles,
like a fan. Derham's Physico-Theology.
Our little fleet was now engag’d so far, That like the swordfish in the whale they fou:
The combat only seem’d a civil war, Till through their bowels we our passage of .
Lir, Swo'RDGRAss. n.s. [gladiolus.] A . of sedge; glader. Ainstro Swo'Rok Not. n.s.. [sword and ko Riband tied to the hilt of the sword. Wigs with wigs, swordknots with sonstrive, Beaus banish beaus, and coaches coaches do Fs Swo'RDLAw. n.s. Violence; the law: which all is yielded to the stronger. So violence Proceeded, and oppression, and strordian, Through all the plain, and refuge none was ori Y-Swo'RDMAN. n.s.. [sicord and man. So dier; fighting man. Worthy fellows, and like to prove most size swordmen. Shakesp. Alt's teet! that ends: At Lecca's house, Among your swordmen, where so many assorBoth of thy mischief and thy madness met. Ben JiEssex was made lieutenant-general of the on the darling of the sword men Clare. Swo'RDPLAYER. m. s. [sucord and pio Gladiator; fencer; one who exhibits publick his skill at the weapons by fg. ing prizes. These they called swordplayers, and this so cle a swordfight. Haketrill on Provideo Swore. The preterite of swear. How soon unsay What feign'd submission swore. Mio Sworn. The part, passive of sirear. What does else want credit, come to me, And I'll be sworn 'tis true. I am sworn brother, sweet, To grim necessity; and he and 1 Will keep a league till death. Shakesp. Richar They that are mad against me, are sworn ; e. - so He refused not the civil offer of a Phasis though his sworn enemy; and would eat sto table of those who sought his ruin. Calamy's STo shelter innocence, The nation all elects some patron-knight, Sworn to be true to love, and slave to fame, And many a valiant chief enrols his name. Grow Swu M. Preterite and participle passo of swim.
syllable.] Relating to syllables.
any sullable of the law of God was written, did
bate; a malicious parasite. Accusing sycophants, of all men, did best sort to is nature ; but therefore not seeming sucophants, jecause of no evil they said, they could bring an iew or doubtful thing unto him, but such as .. ‘eady, he had been apt to determine; so as they :ane but as proofs of his wisdom, fearful and more secure, while the fear he had figured in his mind had any possibility of event, Sidney. * Men kilow themselves void of those qualities which the impudent sycophant, at the same time, both ascribes to them, and in his sleeve laughs at them for believing. South. 9 SY'coPHANT. v. n. [avrosparría; from the noun..] To play the sycophant. A
low bad word. . His sucophanting arts being detected, that game "is not to be played a second time; whereas a man of clear reputation, though his barque be split, has something left towards setting up again. - . Governm, of the Tongue. ycoPHA'N tick, adj. [from sycophant.] Talebearing; mischievously officious. o Sycoph ANT1zE. v. n. [avkoparro;; from sycophant.] To play the talebearer. Dict. YLLA'bicAL. adj. [from syllable.] Relating to syllables; consisting of syllables. YLLABICALLY. adv. [from syllabical.] In a syllabical manner. YLLABICK. adj. [syllabique, Fr. from
help of one vowel, or one articulation. I heard Each syllable that breath made up between them. r - Shakesp. There is that property in all letters, of aptness to be conjoined in sullables and words, through the Yoluble motions of the organs from one stop or figure to another, that they modify and discriminate the voice without ...}}." discontinue 1t. - Holder's Elements of Speech. !. Anything proverbially concise. Abraham, Job, and the rest that lived before
they not sin as much as we do in every action not - Hooker. To-morrow, and to-morrow, and to-morrow, Çreeps in this petty pace from day to day, To the last syllable of recorded time; And all our yesterdays have lighted fools The way to dusty death. Shakesp. Macb. He hath told so many melancholy stories, with: out one syllable of truth, that he hath blunted the edge of my fears. Swift. To Sy'll ABLE. v. a. [from the noun.] to utter; to pronounce; to articulate. Not ln use. Airy tongues that sullable men's names On sands, and shores, and desart wildernesses. - - Multon. SY'LLABUB. m. s. [rightly SILLAbub, which see.] Milk and acids. No syllabubs made at the milking pail, But what are compos'd of a pot of good ale. Beaum. wo ones would express all they say in two Poes: 'tis nothing but whipt syllabub and froth, without solidity - Felton SY LLABUs. n.s. [avaxago;..] An abstract; * compendium containing the heads of a discourse. SY LLOGISM m. s. savXXoyou?; ; syllo£isme, Fr.] An argument composed of three propositions: as, every man thinks; Peter is a man, therefore Peter thinks.]
prehensive form. Beginning with the symbol of our faith, upon
that the author of the gloss enquires into the na
ture of faith. Baker.
2. A type; that which comprehends in its figure a representation of something
else. Salt, as incorruptible, was the symbol of friendship; which, if it casually fell, was accounted ominous, and their amity of no duration. Brown. Words are the signs and symbols of things; and as, in accounts, cyphers and figures . for real sums, so words and names pass for things themselves. South's Sermons The heathens made choice of these lights as apt symbols of eternity, because, contrary to all sublunary beings, though they seem to perish every night, they renew themselves every morning. Addison on Metals.
SYM Bo'LicAL. adj. [symbolique, Fr. avo80xx}; ; from symbol.) Representative; typical; expressing by signs; comprehending something more than itself. By this encroachment idolatry first | in, men converting the symbolical use of idols into their proper worship, and receiving the represea: tation of things unto them as the substance and thing itself. Brown The sacrament is a representation of Christ's death, by such symbolical actions as himself alpointed Taylor.
> * S Y M SYMpo'lically, ade. [from symbolical.] Typically; by representation. This distinction of animals was hieroglyphical, in the inward sense implying an abstinence from certain vices, symbolically intimated from the nature of those animals. Brown. It symbolicallu teaches our duty, and promotes charity by a real signature and a se...sible seruon. Taylor. SYM BolizATION. m. s. [from symbolize.] The act of symbolizing; representation; resemblance. The hieroglyphical symbols of Scripture, excellently intended in the species of things sacrificed in the dreams of Pharaoh, are oftentimes racked beyond their symbolizations. Brown's Vulg. Err.
To SYM Bolize. v.n.[symboliser, Fr. from symbol.] To have something in common with another by representative qua
lities. Our king finding himself to symbolize in many things with that king of the Hebrews, honoured him with the title of this foundation. Bacon. The pleasing of colour symbolizeth with the pleasing of any single tone to the ear; but the pleasing of order doth symbolize with harmony. Bacon. Aristotle and the schools have taught, that air and water, being symbolizing elements, in the quality of moisture, are easily transmutable into one another. Boyle. They both symbolize in this, that they love to look upon themselves through multiplying glasses. Howel.
I affectedly symbolized in careless mirth and freedoiu with the libertines, to circumvent libertinism. More.
The soul is such, that it strangely sumbolizes with the thing it mightily desires. South's Sermons. To SYM Boli'ZE. v. a. To make representative of something. Some symbolize the same from the mystery of its colours. Brown's Vulg. Err. SYMM ETRIAN. n.s. [from symmetry.] One eminently studious of proportion. His face was a thought longer than the exact symmetrians would allow. Sidney. SYMMETRICAL. adj. [from symmetry.] Proportionate; having parts well adapted to each other.
SY'MMETRIST, n.s.[from symmetry.] One very studious or observant of proportion. Some exact symmetrists have been blamed for being too true. Wotton's Architecture. SYMMETRY. m. s. ssymmetrie, Fr. av, and uirgoyl Adaptation of parts to ea h other; proportion; harmony; agreement of one part to another. She by whose lines proportion shou'd be Examin'd, measure of all symmetry : Whom had that ancient seen, who thought soulso made Of harmony, he would at next have said That harmony was she. Donne. And in the symmetry of her parts is found A pow'r, like that of harmony in sound. , Waller. Summetry, equality, and correspondence of parts, is the discernment of reason, not the object of sense. More.
Nor were they only animated by him, but their measure and symmetry were owing to him. Dryden. so [sympatheSYMPATH E"Tick. tique, Fr. sympathy.] Having mutual sensation; being affected either by what happens to the other; feeling in consequence of what another feels. Hereupon are grounded the gross mistakes in
the cure of diseases, not only from simpathetick receipts, but amulets, charms, and all incantatory applications. Brown. nited by this sympathetick bond, You grow familiar, intimate, and fond. Roscommon. To confer at the distance of the Indies by sumpathetick conveyances, may be as usual to future times as to us in a literary correspondence. Glanville. To you our author makes her soft request, Who speak the kindest, and who write the best; Your sympathetick hearts she hopes to move, From tender friendship and endearing love. Prior. All the ideas of sensible qualities are not inherent in the inanimate bodies; but are the effects of their motion upon our nerves, and sympathetical and vital passions produced within ourselves. Bentley.
mutually. The men sympathize with the mastiffs in robustious and rough coming on. Shakesp. The thing of courage, As rous'd with rage, with rage doth sympathize. Nature, in awe to him, Hath doff’d her gaudy trim, With her great master so to sympathize. Milton. The limbs of his body is to every one a part of himself: he sympathizes, and is concerned for them. ocke. Their countrymen were particularly attentive to all their story, and sympathized with their heroes in all their adventures. Addison's Spectator. Though the greatness of their mind exempts them from fear, yet none condole and sympathize more heartily. Collier.
2. To agree; to fit. Not proper. Green is a pleasing colour, from a blue and a yellow mixed together, and by consequence blue and yellow are two colours which sympathize. Dryden. SYMPATHY, n.s. (sympathie, Fr. cowráSolz.] Fellowfeeling; mutual sensibility; the quality of being affected by the affection of another. A world of earthly blessings to my soul, If sympathy of love unite our thoughts. Shakesp. ou art, not young ; no more am I: go to, then, there's sympathy: you are merry, so am I; ha! has then there's more sympathy: you love sack, and so do I: would you desire better sympathy ’ Shakesp. Merry Wives of Windsor. But what it is, , The action of my life is like it, which I'll keep, If but for sympathy. Shakesp. Cymbeline. I started back ; tt started back : but, pleas'd, I soon return'd ; Pleas'd it return'd as soon, with answering looks Of sympathy and love. Milton's Par. Lost. They saw, but other sight instead, a crowd Of ugly serpents: horror on them fell,
And horrid sympathy. Milton.
There never was any heart truly great and generous, that was not also tender and coin passionate it is this noble quality that makes all men to be of one kind ; for every man would be a distinct species to himself, were there no sympathy among individuals. South's Sermons.
Cao, kindness to desert like your's be strange? Kindness by secret sympathy is ty'd ; For noble souls in nature are ally’d. Druden.
There are such associations made in the minds of most men; and to this might be attributed most of the sympathies and antipathies observable in them. Locke,
SY'MPHYsis. m. s. so, and ow.] Symphysis, in its original signification, denotes a connascency, or growing together; and perhaps is meant of those bones which in young children are distinct, but after some years unite and cons solidate into one bone. Wiseman. SYMPO's IACK. adj. [symposiaque, Fr. ovuzczazè;..] Relating to merry makings; happening where company is
By desiring a secresy to words spoke under the rose, we only mean in society and compotation, from the ancient custom of symposiack meetings to wear chaplets of roses about their heads. Brown. In some of those symposiack disputations amongst my acquaintance, l affirmed that the dietetick part of medicine depended upon scientifick principles. Arbuthnot.
SV'MPTOM. m. s. [symptome, Fr. courTwp.a.]
1. Something that happens concurrently with something else, not as the original cause, nor as the necessary or constant effect.
The symptoms, as Dr. Sydenham remarks, which are commonly scorbutick, are often nothing but the principles or seeds of a growing, but unripe gout. Blackmore.
2. A sign; a token.
Ten glorious campaigns are passed, and now, like the sick man, we are expiring with all sorts of good symptoms. Swift.
SYMPToMA'TICK. Fr. from symptom.] Happening concurrently or occasionally.
Symptomatical is often used to denote the difference between the primary and secondary causes in diseases; as a fever, from pain is said to be symptomatical, because it arises from pain only ; and therefore the ordinary means in fevers are not in such cases to be had recourse to, but to what will remove the pain ; for when that ceases, the fever will cease, without any direct means taken for that. Quincy.
By fomentation and a cataplasm the swelling was discussed; and the fever, then appearing but symptomatical, lessened as the heat and pain mitigated. Wiseman's Surgery.
The glorious gods sit in hourly synod about thy particular prosperity. Shakesp. Coriolanus. - Since the mortal and intestine jars o: 'Twixt thy seditious countrymen and us, It hath in solemn synod been decreed, To admit no traffick to our adverse towns. Shak. The opinion was not only condemned by the synod, but imputed to the emperor as extreme madness. Bacon. Flea-bitten synod, an assembly brew'd to Of clerks and elders ana, like the rude Chaos of presbyt'ry, where laymen guide, - With the tame woolpack clergy by their side, Cleaveland. His royal majesty, according to these presbyterian rules, o have no power to command his
The second council of Nice, he saith, I most irreverently call that wise synod; upon which he * falls into a very tragical exclamation, that I should dare to reflect so much dishonour on a council. o Stillingfleet. is . Parent of gods and men, propitious Jove! And you bright synod of the pow'rs above, On this my son your gracious gifts bestow. Dryden.
. Conjunction of the heavenly bodies.
Howe'er love's native hours are set,
o 'Tis in the mercy of her eye,
Of noxious efficacy, and when to join a la synod unbenign. Milton. - As the planets and stars have, according to aso' trologers, in their so synods, or conjunctions, to much more powerful influences on the air than are ascribed to one or two of them out of that aspect ; ... ." divers particulars, which, whilst they lay scat
tered among the writings of several authors, were *considerable, when they come to be laid toge* ther, may oftentimes prove highly useful to phy
'siology in their conjunctions. H.
2 paidanciently to the bishop, &c. at Easter VISItation. SY'NoDAL. - ... Synodical. adj. [synodique, Fr. from SYNo Dick. synod.]
1. Relating to a synod; transacted in a A synod. o The various dignity of their several churches, o and of their many functions, rules, and orders in
o them, by reason of the frequency of their synodical o Vol. II.
and processional meetings, have necessarily raised many questions of place among them. Selden. St. Athanasius writes a synodical epistle to those of Antioch, to compose the differences among them upon the ordination of Paulinus. Stillingfleet. 2. [Synodique, Fr.] Reckoned from one conjunction with the sun to another. The diurnal and annual revolutions of the sun, to us are the measures of day and year; and the symodick revolution of the moon measures the month. Holder. The moon makes its synodical motion about the earth h twenty-nine days twelve hours and about forty-four minutes. Locke's Elem. of Nat. Philos. SYNo'oicALLY. adv. [from synodical.] By the authority of a synod or publick assembly. It shall be needful for those churches synodically to determine something in those points. Saunders. The alterations made by the commissioners were brought to the convocation, then sitting, where they were synodically agreed upon. Nelson SYNo'NYMA. m. s. [Latin; avorwu9-.] Names which signify the same thing. To SYNo'NYMise. v. a. (from synonyma.] To express the same thing in different words. This word fortis we may synonymise after all these fashions, stout, hardy, valiant, doughty, courageous, adventurous, brave, bold, daring, intrepid. Camden's Remains. SYNoNYMous. adj. [synonime, Fr. avorwoo..] Expressing the same thing by different words. When two or more words signify the same thing, as wave and hillow, mead and meadow, they are usually called synonymous words. Watts's Logick. These words consist of two propositions, which are not distinct in sense, but one and the same thing variously expressed; for wisdom and understanding are synonymous words here. Tillotson. Fortune is but a synonymous word for nature and necessity. Bentley's Sermons. SYNo'NYMY. n.s. severugia.] The quality of expressing by different words the same thing. SYNOPSIS. m. s. [avo!...] A general view; all the parts brought under one view. SYNoptical adj. [from synopsis.] Affording a view of many parts at once. We have collected so many synoptical tables, calculated for his monthly use. Evelyn's Calendar. SYNTACTICAL, adj. [from syntaris, Lat.] 1. Conjoined; fitted to each other. 2. Relating to the construction of speech.
SYNTAx. - 71. S. ouvrači;. SYNTAxis. [ ão.] 1. A system; a number of things joined together. They owe no other dependance to the first than what is common to the whole syntar of beings. - Glanville. 2. That part of grammar which teaches the construction of words.
Synthetick method is that which .. with the parts, and leads onward to the knowledge of the whole : it begins with the most simple principles and general truths, and proceeds by degre s to that which is drawn from them, or compounded of them ; and therefore it is called the method of composition. Watts's Logick. SYPHoN. m. s. [This should be written siphon; row..] A tube; a pipe. Take your glass, syphon, or crane; and draw it off from its last faeces into small bottles. Mortimer. SYRINGE. n.s.. [avoyé.] A pipe through which any liquor is squirted. The heart seems not designed to be the fountain or conservatory of the vital flame, but as a machine to receive the blood from the veins, and force it out by the arteries through the whole body, as a springe doth any liquor, though not by the same artifice. Ray. To SYRINGE. v. a. [from the noun.] 1. To spout by a syringe. A flux of blood from the nose, mouth, and eye, was stopt by the syringing up of oxycrate. - - Wiseman's Surgery. 2. To wash with a syringe. SYRINGo"to MY. n.s.. [avery; and tiroua.] The act or practice of cutting fistulas or hollow sores. SYRTIS. m. s. [Lat.] A quick sand; a bog. A boggy syrtis, neither sea, nor good dry land. Milton. SYSTEM. m. s. [système, Fr. cornua.] 1. Any complexure or combination of many things acting together. 2. A scheme which reduces many things to regular dependence or co-operation. 3. A scheme which unites many things in order.
I treat of the usefulness of writing books of essay, incomparison of that of writing *:::
oyle. Aristotle brings morality into system, and ranges it into classes according to its different objects, distinguishing virtues into their several kinds, which had not been handled systematically before. Baker. SY'stole. m. s. [systole, Fr. oviro.] 1. [In anatomy.] The contraction of the heart.
The systole resembles the forcible bending of a spring, and the diastole its flying out again to its natural site. Ray.
2. [Systole, Fr.] In grammar, the short
ening of a long syllable. 5 K 301