Sidebilder
PDF

3. Bland; mild; softening.

Through all the living regions do'st thou move, And scatter'st, where thou goest, the kindly seeds of love. Druden. Ye heav'ns, from high the dewy nectar pour, And in soft silence shed the . show'rl Pope. KI'NdNess. n.s.. [from kind.] Benevolence; beneficence; good-will; favour; love. lf there be kindness, meekness, or comfort in her tongue, then is not her husband like other men. Eccles. xxxvi 23. Old Lelius professes he had an extraordinary kindness for several young people. Collieron Friend. Ever blest be Cytherea's shrine, Since thy dear breast has felt an equal wound, Since in thy kindness my desires are crown'd. Prior. Love and inclination can be produced only by

an experience or opinion of kindness to us. Rogers's Sermons. KI'NDRED. n.s.. [from kind; cynnene,

Sax.] 1. Relation by birth or marriage; cognation: consanguinity; affinity. Like her, of equal kindred to the throne, You keep her conquests,and extend your own. Dry. 2. Relation; suit. An old mothy saddle, and the ‘stirrups of no kindred. - hakesp. 3. Relative. I think there is no man secure But the queen's kindred. Shakesp. Rich. III. Nor needs thy juster title the foul guilt Of Eastern kings, who, to secure their reign, Must have their brothers, sons, and kindred slain. Denham.

KI'NDRED. adj. Congeneal; related;

cognate. From Tuscan Coritum he claim'd his birth;

But after, when exempt from mortal earth,

From thence ascended to his kindred skies

god. Dryden. KINE. n.s. o: from cow. To milk the kine, Ere the milk-maid fine Ben Jonson.

Hath o her eyne. A field I went, amid’ the morning dew, To milk my kine. - aly. KING. m. s. [A contraction of the Teutonick word cuning, or cyning, the name of sovereign dignity. In the primitive tongue it signifies stout or valiant, the kings of most nations being, in the beginning, chosen by the people on account of their valour and strength. Verstegan.] 1. Monarch; supreme governor. The great king of kings Hath in the table of his law commanded That thou shalt do no murder. Shakesp. Rich. III. A substitute shines brightly as a king, Until a king be by ; and then his state Empties itself, as doth an inland brook Into the main of waters. Shakesp. Merch. Venice. True hope is swift, and flies with swallows wings; Kings it makes gods, and meaner creatures . esp. The king becoming graces, As justice, verity, temp'rance, stableness, Bounty, persev'rance, mercy, lowliness, Devotion, patience, courage, fortitude, I have no relish of them. Shakesp. Macbeth. Thus states were form'd; the name of king unknown, Till common int'rest plac'd the sway in one: Twas virtue only, or in arts or arms, 1)iffusing blessings, or averting harms, The same which in a sire the sons obey'd, A prince the father of a people made. Pope. 2. It is taken by Bacon in the feminine; as prince also is. Ferdinand and Isabella,kings of Spain, recovered the great and rich kingdom of Granada from the Moors Bacon

3. A card with the picture of a king. The king unseen Lurk'd in her hand, and mourn’d his captive queen. - - ope. 4. King at Arms, a principal officer at arms, that has the pre-eminence of the society; of whom there are three in number, viz. Garter, Norroy, and Clarencieux. Phillips. A letter under his own hand was lately shewed me by sir William Dugdale, king at arms. Walton. To KING. v. a. [from the noun.] 1. To supply with a king. A word rather ludicrous. England is so idly king'd, Her sceptre so fantastically borne, That fear attends her not. . . Shakesp. Henry V. 2. To make royal; to raise to royalty. Sometimes am I a king; Then treason makes me wish myself a beggar, And so lam: then crushing penury Persuades me, I was better when a king; Then am I king'd again. Shakesp. Rich. II.

KI'NGAPPLE. n.s. A kind of apple.
The kingapple is preferred before the jenneting.
Mortimer.

Kı'NGCRAFT. n.s. [king and craft.] The art of governing. used by king James.

KI'NGCUP. m. s. [king and cup. The name is properly, according to Gerard, kingcob.] The flower crowfoot. June is drawn in a mantle of dark grass green, and upon his head a garland of bents, kingcups, and maidenhair. Peacham. Fair is the kingcup that in meadow blows, Fair is the daisy that beside her grows.

KI'NG Dom. n.s. [from king.] 1. The dominion of a king; the territories

subject to a monarch. You're welcome, Most learned reverend sir, into ourkingdom. Shak. Moses gave unto them the kingdom of Sihon, king of the Amorites, and the kingdom of Og, king of Bashan. Numb. xxxii. 2. A different class or order of beings. A

word chiefly used among naturalists. The animal and vegetable kingdons are so nearly joined, that if you take the lowest of one, and the | hest of the other, there will scarce be perceived any difference. Locke. 3. A region; a tract. The wat'ry kingdom is no bar To stop the foreign spirits; but they come, As o'er a brook, to see fair Portia. Shakesp. KI'NG FISHER. m. s. [halcyon.] A spesies of bird. When dew refreshing on the pasture fields The moon bestows, kingfishers play on shore: May's Virgil. Bitterns, herons, sea-gulls, kingfishers, and waterrats, are great eneuies to fish. Mortimer's Husb. KI'NGLIKE. - rim or KI'NGLY. } adj. [from king.] 1. Royal; sovereign; monarchical. There we'll sit Ruling in large and ample empery, O'er France, and all her almost kingly dukedoms. Shakesp.

Gay.

Yet this place

Had been thy kingly seat, and here thy race,

From all the ends of peopled earth, had come To rev'rence thee. Dryden's State of Innocence. In Sparta, a kingly government, though the people were perfectly free, the administration was in the two kings and the ephori. Swift. The cities of Greece, when they drove out their #. kings, either chose others from a new amily, or abolished the kingly government, and became free states.

ift 2 Belonging to a king; suitable to a king.

A word commonly|

Why liest thou with the vile In loathsome beds, and leav'st the kingly coach A watch-case to a common 'larum |: Shakesp. Then shalt thou give me with thy kingly hand, What husband in thy power I will command. Shak. 3. Noble; august; magnificent. He was not born to live a subject life, each action of his bearing in it majesty, such a kingly entertainment, such a kingly magnificence, such a kingly heart for enterprizes. Sidney I am far better born than is the king; More like a king, more kingly in my thoughts. r - Shakesp. KINGLY. adv. With an air of royalty; with superior dignity. Adam dow’d low; he, kingly, from his state Inclin’d not. Milton's Par. Lost. His hat, which never vail'd to human pride, Walker with rev'rence took, and laid aside; Low bow'd the rest, he, kingly, did but nod. - Dunciad. KINGSevil. n.s.[king and evil.] A scrofulous distemper, in which the glands are ulcerated, commonly believed to be

cured by the touch of a king. $ore eyes are frequently a species of the kingsevil, and take their beginning from vicious humours inflaming the tunica adnata. Wisem. Surg. KINGSHIP. n.s.. [from king.] Royalty, monarchy. They designed and proposed to me the newmodelling of sovereignty and kingship, without . of power, or without any necessity of subjection and obedience. King Charles. We know how successful the late usurper was, while his army believed him real in his zeal against kingship; but when they found out the imposture, upon his aspiring to the same himself, he was presently deserted and opposed by them, and never able to crown his usurped greatness with the addition of that title which he passionately thirsted after. South. KI'NGSPEAR. n.s.. [asphodelus.]. A plant. KI'NGSTONE. n.s.. [squatina.] A fish. Ains. KINsfolk. n.s. skin and folk.] Relations; those who are of the same family. Those lords, since their first grants of those lands, have bestowed them amongst their kinsfolks. Spen. My kinsfolk have failed, and my familiar friends forgotten me. - Job, xix. 14. KINS MAN. n.s. [kin and man.] A man of the same race or family. The jury he made to be chosen out of the nearest kinsmen, and their judges he made of their own fathers. Spenser Both fair, and both of royal blood they seem’d, Whom kinsmen to the crown the heralds deem'd. Dryden. Let me stand excluded from my right, Robb'd of my kinsman's arms, who first appear'd in fight. Dryden's Fables. There is a branch of the Medicis in Naples the head of it has been owned as a kinsman by the #. duke, and 'tis thought will succeed to his ominions. Addison on Italy. KI'Nswom AN. n.s. [kin and woman.] A female relation. A young noble lady, near kinswoman to the fair Helen, lo" of Corinth, was come thither. Sidn. The duke was as much in love with wit as he was with his kinswoman. Dennis's Letters.

[ocr errors]

Scotland.
Home they hasten the posts to dight,
And all the kirk pillars ere day-light,
With hawthorn buds, and sweet eglantine. Spen.
Nor is it all the nation hath these sputs,
There is a church as well as kirk of Scots. Clearel.
What one party thought to rivet by the Scots,
that the other contems, despising the kirk go-
vernment and discipline of the Scots. King Charles.

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

All in a kirtle of discoloured say He clothed was. Fairy Queen.

What stuff wilt thou have a kirtle of? Thou shalt have a cap to-morrow. Shakesp. Hen. IV.

Thy gowns, thy shoes, thy beds of roses, Thy cap, thy kirtle, and thy poesies, Soon break, soon wither, soon forgotten, In folly ripe, in reason rotten. Raleigh.

[ocr errors]

But who those ruddy lips can miss, Which blessed still themselves do kiss. He took The bride about the neck, and kist her lips . With such a clamorous smack, that at the parting All the church echo'd. Shak. Taming of the Shrew. Their lips were four red roses on a stalk, And in their summer beauty kiss'd each other.Shak. 2. To treat with fondness. The hearts of princes kiss obedience, . . So much they love it; but to stubborn spirits, They swell and grow as terrible as storms. 3. To touch gently. . ...The moon shines bright: in such a night as this, When the sweet wind did gently kiss the trees, And they did make no noise. Shak. Merch. Wen. Kiss. m. s. [from the verb.] Salute given by joining lips. What sense had I of her stol’n hours of lust? I found not Cassio's kisses on her lips. Slak. Othel. Upon my livid lips bestow a kiss; O envy not the dead, they feel not bliss' Dryden. KI'ss ER. m. s. [from kiss.) One that kisses. KI'ssINGCRUsT. n.s. [kissing and crust.] Crust formed where one loaf in the oven

touches another. These bak'd him kissingcrusts, and those Prought him small beer. King's Cookery. KIT. n.s. [kitte, Dut.] 1. A large bottle. 2. A small diminutive fiddle. 'Tis kept in a case fitted to it, almost like a dancing master's kit. Grew's Musafum. 3. A small wooden vessel, in which Newcastle salmon is sent to London and else

where.

KITCHEN. n.s. [kegin, Welsh; keg, Flem. cycene, Sax. cuisine, Fr. cucina, Ital. kyshen, Erse.] The room in a house where the provisions are cooked. These being culpable of this crime, or favourers

of their friends, which are such by whom their kitchens are sometime amended, will not suffer * such statute to pass. Spenser. t an we judge it a thing seemly for any man to o about the building of an house to the God of eaven, with no other appearance than if his end were to rear up a kitchen or a parlour for his own tise. ooker. He was taken into service in his court to a base office in his kitchen ; so that he turned a broach

Sidney.

Skinner.

that had worn a crown. Bacon. We see no new-built palaces aspire, No kitchens emulate the vestal fire. Pope.

KITCHEN GARDEN. m. s. [kitchen and garden.] Garden in which esculent plants are produced. Gardens, if planted with such things as are fit for food, are called kitchengardens. Bacon. A kitchengarden is a more pleasant sight than the finest orangery. 'pectator Kitch ENMAI.D. n.s. [kitchen and maid.] A maid under the cookmaid, whose business is to clean the utensils of the kitchen. KITCHENSTUFF. n.s. [kitchen and stuff.] The fat of meat scummed off the pot, or gathered out of the dripping-pan. As thrifty wench scrapes kitchenstuff, And barrelling the droppings and the snuff Qf wasting candles, which in thirty year,

Reliquely kept, perchance buys wedding cheer. Donne,

[ocr errors]
[blocks in formation]

and steals the chickens. More pity that the eagle should be mew'd, While kites and buzzards prey at liberty. Shakesp. The heron, when she soareth high, so as sometimes she is seen to pass over a cloud, sheweth winds; but kites, flying aloft, shew fair and dry weather. con. A leopard and a cat seem to differ just as a kite doth from an eagle. Grew. 2. A name of reproach denoting rapacity. Detested kites thou liest. hak. K. Lear. 3. A fictitious bird made of paper. A man may have a great estate conveyed to him; but if he will madly burn, or childishly make o: kites of his deeds, he forfeits his title with is evidence. Government of the Tongue. KITEs Foot. n.s. A plant. Ainsworth. KITTEN. n.s. [katteken, Dut. It is probable that the true singular is kit, the diminutive of cat, of which the old plural was kitten, or young cats, which was in time taken for the singular, like

chicken.] A young cat. That a mare will sooner drown than an horse, is not experienced; nor is the same observed in the drowning of whelps and kittens. Brown's Vulg. Err. It was scratched in playing with a kitten. Wisem. Helen was just slipt into bed; Her eyebrows on the toilet lay, Away the kitten with them fled, As fees belonging to her prey. Prior. To KITTEN. v. n. [from the noun.] To bring forth young cats. So it would have done At the same season, if your mother's cat Had kitten'd, though yourself had ne'er been born. Shakesp. The eagle timbered upon the top of a high . and the cat kittened in the hollow trunk of it. L'Estrange. To Klick. v. n. [from clack.] 1. To make a small sharp noise. 2. In Scotland it denotes to pilfer, or steal away suddenly with a snatch. To KNA.B. v. a. [knappen, Dut. knaap, Erse.] To bite. Perhaps properly to bite something brittle, that makes a noise when it is broken; so that knab and knap may be the same. I had much rather lie knabbing crusts, without fear, in my own hole, than be mistress, of the

world with cares. L'Estrange. An ass was wishing, in a hard Winter, for a

little warm weather, and a mouthful of fresh grass to knab upon. L'Estrange. To KNABBLE. r. m. [from knab.] To bite idly, or wantonly; to nibble. . This

word is perhaps found no where else. Horses will knabble at walls, and rats gnaw iron. - Brown. KNACK. n.s. [cnaninge skill, Sax.] 1. A little machine; a pretty contrivance; a toy. When I was ..". To load my she with

sack’d The pedlar's silken treasury, and have pour'd it

I was wont knacks: I would have ran

To her acceptance. Shakesp. Winter's Tule.

For thee, fond boy, If 1 may ever know thou dost but sigh That thou no more shalt see this knack, as rever I mean thou shalt, we'll bar thee from success. Shak This : was moulded on a porringer, A velvet dish; ie, fie, ’tis lewd and filthy : Why ’tis a cockle, or a walnut-shell, A knack, a toy, a trick, a baby's cap. Shakesp. But is't not presumption to write verse to you, Who make the better poems of the two For all these pretty knacks that you compose, Alas! what are they but poems in prose! Denham. He expounded both his pockets, And found a watch, with rings and lockets; A copper-plate,with almanacks 2ngrav'd upon't with other knacks. Hudibras. 2. A readiness; an habitual facility; a

lucky dexterity. I'll teach you the knacks Of eating flax, And out of their noses Draw ribbands and posies. Ben Jonson's Gypsies. The knack of fast and loose passes with foolish people for a turn of wit; but they are not aware all this while of the desperate consequences of an ill habit. 'Estrange. There is a certain knack in conversation that gives a good grace by the manner and address. 'Estrange. Knaves, who in full assemblies have the knack Of turning truth to lies, and white to black. Dryd. My author has a great knack at remarks: in the end he makes another about our refining in controversy, and coming nearer and nearer to the

church of Rome. Atterbury. The dean was famous in his time, And had a kind of knack at rhime. Swift.

3. A nice trick. For how should equal colours do the knack? Cameleons who can paint in white and black? Pope. To KNAck. v. n. (from the noun.] To make a sharp quick noise, as when a stick breaks. KNACKER. m. s. [from knack.] 1. A maker of small work. One part for plow-right, knacker, and smith.

Mortimer. 2. A rope-maker. [Restio, Lat.] Ainsw. KNAG. m. s. [knag a wart, Dan. It is re

tained in Scotland.] A hard knot in wood. KNA'GGY. adj. [from knag.] Knotty; set with hard rough knots. KNAP. n.s.. [cnap, Welsh, a protuberance, or a broken piece; cnaep, Sax. a protuberance.] A protuberance, a swelling prominence. You shall see many fine seats set upon a knap of ground, environed with higher hills round about it, whereby the heat of the sun is pent in, and the wind gathered as in troughs. Bacon To KNAP. v. a. [knappen, Dut.] 1. To bite; to break short. He knappeth the spear in sunder. Common Praye

[blocks in formation]

KNAPs Ack. n.s.. [from knappen to eat.] The bag which a soldier carries on his

back; a bag of provisions. The constitutions of this church shall not be repealed, 'till I see more o inotives than soldiers carry in their knapsacks. King Charles. If you are for a merry jaunt, I'll try for ouce who can foot it farthest : there are fiedges in Summer, and barns in Winter: I with my knapsack, and you with your bottle at your back: we'll leave honour to madmen, and riches to knaves, and travel till we come to the ridge of the . yaen. KNA'pweed. n.s. [jacea, Lat.] A plant. Miller. KNARE. m. s. [knor, Germ.] A hard knot. A cake of scurf lies baking on the ground, And prickly stubs instead of trees are found; Or woods with knots and knares deform'd and old, Headless the most, and hideous to behold. Dryd. KNAWE. m. s. [cnapa, Sax.] 1. A boy; a male child.

2. A servant. Both these are obsolete. For as the moon the eye doth please With gentle beams not hurting sight, Yet hath sir sun the greater praise, Because from him doth come her light: So if my man must praises have, What then must I that keep the knave? Sidney. He eats and drinks with his domestick slaves; A verier hind than any of his knaves. Dryden. 3. A petty rascal; a scoundrel; a dishonest fellow. Most men, rather brook their being reputed knaves, than for their honesty be accounted fools; knave, in the mean time, passing for a name of credit. - South. When both plaintiff and defendant happen to be crafty knaves, there's equity against both. L'Estrange. An honest man may take a knave's advice; But idiots only may be cozen'd twice. Dryden. See all our fools aspiring to be knaves. Pope. 4. A card with a soldier painted on it. For 'twill return, and turn to account, If we are brought in play upon't, Qr but by casting knaves get in, What pow'r can . us to wins KNA've RY. m. s. [from knare.]

1. Dishonesty; tricks; petty villany. Here's no knavery 'See, to beguile the old folks, how the young folks lay their heads together! Shakesp. If I thought it were not a piece of honesty to acquaint the king withal, I would do it; I hold it the more knavery to conceal it. Shak. Winter's Tale. The cunning courtier should be slighted too, Who with dull knavery makes so much ado; Till the shrewd fool, by thriving too too fast, Like 4:sop's fox, becomes a prey at last. Dryden. 2. Mischievous tricks or practices. In the following passage it seems a general term for any thing put to an ill use, or perhaps of trifling things of more cost than use.

[merged small][ocr errors]

Hudibras.

[merged small][ocr errors][merged small]

substance. It is seldom applied in popular language but to the act of making bread. Here's yet in the word hereafter, the kneading, the making of the cakes, and the heating of the Owen. Shakesp. It is a lump, where all beasts kneaded be, Wisdom makes him anark, where all agree. Donne. Thus kneaded up with milk the new-made man His kingdom o'er his kindred world began : 'Till knowledge misapply'd, misunderstood, And pride of empire, sour'd his balmy blood. Dryden. One paste of flesh on all degrees bestow'd, And kneaded up alike with moist'ning blood. Drud. Prometheus, in the kneading up of the heart, seasoned it up with some furious particles of the lion. Addison's Spectator. No man ever reapt his corn, Or from the oven drew his bread, Ere hinds and bakers yet were born, That taught them both to sow and knead. Prior. The cake she kneaded was the sav'ry meat. Prior. KNEADINGTRoug H. m. s. [knead and trough..] A trough in which the paste of bread is worked together. Frogs shall come into thy kneadingtroughs. Erod. KNEE. n.s. [cneop, Sax. knee, Dut.] 1. The joint of the leg where the leg is

joined to the thigh. Thy royal father Was a most sainted king: the queen that bore

thee Oftner upon her knees than on her feet, Died every day she liv'd. Shakesp. Macbeth. Scotch skink is a kind of strong nourishment, made of the knees and sinews of beef long boiled. acon. I beg and clasp thy knces. Milton. wo with length of ways, worn out with toil, Iö lay down, and leaning on her knees, Invok'd the cause of all her miseries; And cast her languishing regards above, For help from Heav'n, and her ungratefu, Jove. - Dryden. 2. A knee is a piece of timber growing crooked, and so cut that the trunk and branch make an angle.

Moron's Mech. Erer. Such dispositions are the fittest timber to make great politicks of: like to knee timber, that is good for ships that are to be tossed ; but not for buildJng houses, that shall stand firm. Bacon. To KNEE. v. a. [from the noun..] To supplicate by kneeling. o you that banish'd him, a mile before his tent fall down, and knee the way into his mercy. hakesp. Coriolanus. Return with her Why, the hot blooded France, that dow'rless took Qur youngest born: I could as well be brought To knee his throne, and squire-like pension beg. Shakesp. KNEED. adv. [from knee.] 1. Having knees: as in-kneed, or outkneed. 2. Having joints: as kneed grass.

[merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors]

KN E EPAN. m. s. [knee and pan.] A little round bone about two inches broad, pretty thick, a little convex on both sides, and covered with a smooth cartilage on its foreside. It is soft in children, but very hard in those of riper years: it is called patella or mola. Over it passes the tendon of the muscles which extend the leg, to which it serves as a pully. Quincy. The kneepan must be shewn, with the knitting

thereof, by a fine shadow underneath the joint. " Peacham on Drawing. To KNEEL. v. n. [from knee.] To per . form the act of genuflection; to bend

the knee. When thou do'stask me blessing, I'll kneel down, And ask of thee forgiveness. Shakesp. King Lear. Ere I was risen from the place that shew'd My duty kneeling, came there a reeking post, Stew'd in his haste, half breathless, panting forth From Goneril his mistress, salutations. Shakesp. A certain man kneeling down to him, said, Lord, have mercy upon my son, for he is lunatick. Matt. xvii. 14. As soon as you are dressed, kneel and say the Lord's prayer. Taylor's Guide to Devotion. KNEETRIBUTE. m. s. [knee and tribute.] Genuflection; worship or obeisance

shown by kneeling. Receive from us Kneetribute yet unpaid, prostration vile. Milton KNEL. m.s.. [cnil, Welsh, a funeral pile; cnyllan to ring, Sax.] The sound of a bell rung at a funeral. I would not wish them to a fairer death : And so his knell is knoll’d. Shakesp. Sea nymphs hourly ring his knell: Hark, now I hear them. Shakesp. Tempest. When he was brought again to th' bar, to hear His knell rung out, joi. he was stirr’d With such an agony, he sweat extremely. Shak. All these motions, which we saw, Are but as ice, which crackles at a thaw : Qr as a lute, which in moist weather rings Her knell alone, by cracking of her strings. Donne. Unhappy slave, and pupil to a bell, Which his hours work, as well as hours do tell;

Unhappy 'till the last, the kind releasing knell.

Cowley. At dawn poor Stella danc'd and sung; The am’rous youth around her bow'd : At night her fatal knell was rung; I saw, and kiss'd her in her shrowd. Prior.

KNEw. The preterite of know.

KNIFE. m. s. plur, knives, [cnip, Sax. kniff, Dan.] An instrument edged and pointed, wherewith meat is cut, and animals killed.

Come, thick night! And pall thee in the dunnest smoke of hell, That my keen knife see not the wound it o:

hakesp. Blest powers! forbid thy tender life Should bleed upon a barbarous knife. , Crashaw. The sacred priests with ready knives bereave The beast of life, and in full bowls receive The streaming blood. Dryden's AEn. Ev’n in his sleep he starts, and fears the knife, And, trembling, in his arms takes his accomplice wife. Dryden. Pain is not in the knife that cuts us; but we call it cutting in the knife, and pain only in *; Watts. KNIGHT. n. s. [cnipe, Sax. knecht, Germ. a servant, or pupil.] 1. A man advanced to a certain degree of military rank. It was anciently the

custom to knight every man of rank or

fortune, that he might be qualified to

[ocr errors]
[blocks in formation]

ginal meaning, pupil or follower. Pardon, goddess of the night, Those that slew thy virgin knight : For the which, with songs of woe, Round about her tomb they go. 3. A champion. He suddenly unties the poke, Which out of it sent such a smoke, As ready was them all to choke, So grievous was the pother; So that the knights each other lost, And stood as still as any post. Did I for this Iny country bring To help their lo. against their king, And raise the first sedition : Denham. KNIGHT Errant. [chevalier errant.) A wandering knight; one who went about

in quest of adventures. Like a bold knight errant did proclaim Combat to all, and bore away the dame, Denham. The ancient errant knights Won all their mistresses in fights; They cut whole giants into fritters, To put them into am’rous twitters. Hudibras. KNIGHT Errantry. [from knight errant.] The character or manners of wandering

knights. That which with the vulgar passes for courage is a brutish sort of knight errantry, seeking out needless encounters. . ... Norris. KNIGHT of the Post. A hireling evidence; a knight dubbed at the whipping post, or pillory. There are knights of the post, and holy cheats enough, to swear the truth of the broadest contradictions, where pious frauds shall give them an extraordinary call. South. KNight of the Shire. One of the representatives of a county in parliament: he formerly was a military knight; but now any man having an estate in land of six hundred pounds a year is qualified. To KNIGHT. v. a. [from the noun..] To create one a knight, which is done by the king, who gives the person kneeling a blow with a sword, and bids him rise up sir. Favours came thick upon him : the next St. George's day he was knighted. I'otton. The lord protector knighted the king: and immediately the king stood up, took the sword from the lord protector, and dubbed the lord mayor of London knight. Hayward. The hero William, and the martyr Charles, One knighted Blackmore, and one pension'd Quarles. Pope. KNIGHTLY. adv. [from knight.] Befitting a knight; beseeming a knight. - Let us take care of your wound, upon condition that a more knightly combat shall be performed between us. Sidney.

Shakesp.

Drayton.

How dares your pride presume against my laws: As in a listed field to fight your cause: Unask'd the royal grant, no marshal by, As knightly rites require, nor judge to try. Dryd. KNIGHTHooD. m.s. (from knight.] The character or dignity of a knight.

The sword which Merlin made, For that his noursling, when he knighthood swore, There with to doen his foes eternal smart. Fairu Q. Speak truly, on thy knighthood, and thine oath, And so defend thee, Heaven, and thy valour. Shuk. Is this the sir, who some waste wife to win, A knighthood bought, to go a-wooing in B. Jonson. If you needs must write, write Caesar's praise, You'll gain at least a knighthood, or th; bays. Pope. KNIGHTLEss. adj. [from knight.] Unbecoming a knight. Obsolete. Arise, thou cursed miscreant, That hast with knightless guile, and treacherous train, Fair knighthood foully shamed. Fairy Queen. To KNIT. v. a. preter. knit or knitted. [cnitzan, Sax.] 1. To make or unite by texture without a

loom. Sleep, that knits up the ravell'd sleeve of care, The birth of each day's life, sore labour's bath, Balm of hurt minds. Shakesp. Macbeth. A thousand Cupids in those curls do sit; Those curious nets thy slender fingers knit. Waller. 2. To tye. Send for the county ; go tell him of this; I'll have this knot knit up to-morrow morning. Shak. 3. To join ; to unite. This was formerly a word of extensive use; it is now less

frequent. His gai) did grate for grief and high disdain, And knitting all his force, got one hand free. Spens. These, nine enemies, are all knit up In their distractions: they are in my power. Shak. let the vile world end, And the premised flames of the last day Knit earth and heav'n together! Shakesp. Hen. VI. Lay your highness' Command upon me; to the which my duties Are with a most indissoluble tye For ever knit. Shakesp. Macbeth. This royal hand and mine are newly knot, And the conjunction of our inward souls Married in league. Shakesp. K. John. By the simplicity of Venus' doves, By that which knitieth souls, and prospers loves. Shakesp. If ye be come peaceably, mine heart shall be knit unto you. 1 Chron. xii. 17. That their hearts might be comforted, being knit together in love. Col. ii. 2. He doth fundamentally and mathematically demonstrate the firmest knittings of the upper timbers, which make the roof. Wotton's Architecture. Pride and impudence, in faction knit, Usurp the chair of wit! Ben Jonson's New Inn. Ye knit my heart to you by asking this question. Bacon. These two princes were agreeable to be joined in marriage, and thereby knit both realins into Oile. Hayward. Come, knit hands, and beat the ground In a light fantastick round. Milton. God gave several abilities to several persons, that each might help to supply the ...! needs, and, by joining to fill up all wants, they be knit together by justice, as the parts of the world are by nature. Taylor's Rule of Living Holu. Nature cannot knit the bones while the parts are under a discharge. Wiseman's Surgery. 4. To contract. What are the thoughts that knit thy brow in frowns, And turn thy eyes so coldly on thy prince? Addis. 5. To tie up. He saw heaven opened, and a certain vessel descending unto him as it had been a great sheet, knit at the four corners, and let down to the earth. Acts, x. 11. To KNIT. v. n.

I. To weave without a loom.

A young shepherdess knitting and singing: her voice comforted her hands to o and fo. kept time to her voice's musick. Sid Mlake the world distinguish Julia's son From the vile offspring of a trull, that sits By the town-wall, ..f. her living knits. Dryden. 2. To join ; to close; to unite. Not used. Our sever'd navy too Have knit again; and float, threat'ning most sealike. Shakesp. KNIT. n.s. [from the verb.] Texture. Let their heads he sleekly comb'd, their blue coats brush'd, and their gaiters of an indifferent knit. takesp. KNITTER. m. s. [from knit.] One who weaves or knits. The spinsters and the knitters in the sun, And the three maids that weave their thread with bones, Do use to chant it. Shakesp. Twelfth Night. KNITTING NEED LE. n.s.[knit and needle.] A wire which women use in knitting. He gave her a cuff on the ear, she would prick him with her knitting needle. Arbuthnot's John Bull. KNITTLE, n. s. (from knit.] A string that gathers a purse round. Ainsworth.

[merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small]

commonly with at. Villain, I say knock me at this gate, And rap me well; or I'll knock your knave's pate' Shakesp. Whether to knock against the gates of Rome, Or rudely visit them in parts reinote, To fright them, ere destroy. Shakesp. Coriolanus. I bid the rascal knock upon your gate, And could not get him for my heart to do it. Shak. For harbour at a thousand doors they knock'd, Not one of all the thousand but was lock'd. Drud. Knock at your own breast, and ask your soul, If those fair fatal eyes edg’d not your sword. Dryd. 3. To knock under. A common expres– sion, which denotes that a man yields or submits. Submission is expressed among good fellows by knocking under thu table. Followed commonly by a particle: as, to knock up, to rouse by knocking; to knock down, to fell by a blow. To KNOCK. v. a. 1. To affect or change in any respect by

blows.

How do you mean removing him? -Why, by making him incapable of Othello's place; knocking out his brains. Shakesp. Othello.

He that has his chains knocked off, and the prison doors set open to him, is o at liberty. Locke.

Time was, a sober Englishman would knock His servants up, and rise by five o'clock; lnstruct his family in ev'ry rule, And send his wife to church, his son to school. Pope

2. To dash together; to strike; to collide

with a sharp noise. So when the cook saw my jaws thus knock it, She would have made a pancake of my pocket. Cleaveland. At him he lanch'd his spear, and pierc'd his breast; On the hard earth the Lycian knock'd his head, And lay supine; and forth the spirit fled. Dryden. 'Tis the sport of statesmen, When heroes ...! their knotty heads together, And fall by one another. Rowe. 3. To knock down. To fell by a blow. He began to knock down his fellow citizens with a great i. zeal, and to fill all Arabia with bloodshed. Addison. A man who is gross in a woman's company, ought to be of: with a club. , Clarissa. 4. To knock on the head. To kill by a

blow ; to destroy. He betook himself to his orchard, and walking there was knocked on the head by a tree. South. Excess, either with an apopsexy, knocks a man on the head; or with a fever, like fire in a strongwater shop, burns him down to the ground. Grew's Cosmology. KNock. n.s. [from the verb.]

1. A sudden stroke; a blow. Some men never conceive how the motion of the earth should wave them from a knock perpendicularly directed from a body in the air above. Brown's Vulg. Err. Ajax belabours there an harmless ox, And thinks that Agamemnon feels the knocks. Dryd. 2. A loud stroke at a door for admission. Guiscard, in his leathern frock, Stood ready, with his thrice-repeated knock: Thrice with a doleful sound the jarring grate Rung deaf and hollow. ‘yden's Boccace. KNo'cKER. n.s.. [from knock.] 1. He that knocks. 2. The hammer which hangs at the door for strangers to strike. Shut, shut the door, good John' fatigu'd, I said, Tie up the knocker, say I'm sick, I'm dead. Pope. To KNoLL. v. a. [from knell.] To ring the bell, generally for a funeral. Had I as many sons as I have hairs, I would not . them to a fairer death: And so his knell is knoll’d. Shakesp. Macbeth. To KNOLL. v. n. To sound as a bell. If ever you have look'd on better days, If ever been where bells have knoll'd to church.

[merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small]

Garden knots, the frets of houses, and all equal figures, please: whereas unequal figures are but deformities. on. Our sea-wall'd garden, the whole land, Is full of weeds, her fairest flowers choked up, Her knots disorder'd. Shakesp. Rich. II. It fed flow’rs worthy of paradise,which not niceart In beds and curious knots, but nature boon, Pour'd forth profuse on hill and dale, and plain. #. Their quarters are contrived into elegant knots, adorned with the most beautiful flowers. More. Henry in knots involving Emma's name, Had half-express'd, and half-conceal’d his flame Upon this tree; and as the tender mark Grew with the year, and widen'd with the bark, Venus had heard the virgin's soft address, That, as the wound, the passion might increase. roor. 3. Any bond of association or union. Confirm that amity With nuptial knot, if thou vouchsafe to grant That virtuous lady Bona. Shakesp Henry VI. Richmond aims At young Elizabeth, my brother's daughter, And by that knot looks proudly on the crown.Shak. I would he had continued to his country As he began, and not unknit himself The noble knot he made. Shakesp. Coriolanus. Why left you wife and children, Those precious motives, those strong knots of love? Shakesp. Not all that Saul could threaten or persuade, In this close knot, the smallest looseness made. Cowl. 4. A hard part in a piece of wood caused by the protuberance of a bough, and consequently by a transverse direction

of the fibres. A joint in an herb. Taking the very, refuse among those which served to no use, being a crooked piece of wood, and full of knots, he j carved it diligently, when he had nothing else to do. Wisdom. Such knots and crossness of grain is objected here, as will hardly suffer that form, which they cry up here as the only just reformation, to go on so smoothly here as it might do in soul of K. Charles. 5. Difficulty; intricacy. A man shall be perplexed with knots and problems of business, and contrary affairs, where the determination is dubious, and both parts of the contrariety seem equally weighty; so that, which way soever the choice determines, a man is sure to venture a great concern. South's Sermons. 6. Any intrigue, or difficult perplexity of affairs. When the discovery was made that the king was living, which was the knot of the play untied, the rest is shut up in the compass of some few lines. Dryden's Dufresnoy. 7. A confederacy; an association; a small band.

Oh you panderly rascals there's a knot, a gang, a conspiracy against me. Shakesp. Merry Wives of Windsor. What is there here in Rome that can delight thee? Where not a soul, without thine own foul knot, But fears and hates thee. Ben Jonson's Catiline. A knot of good fellows borrowed a sum of money of a gentleman upon the king's "#". 'Estrange. I am now with a knot of his admirers, who make request that you would give notice of the window where the knight intends to appear. . Addison's Spectator. 8. A cluster; a collection. The way of fortune is like the milky way in the sky, which is a meeting or knot of a number of small stars, not seen asunder, but giving light together. Bacon's Essays. In a picture, besides the principal figures which compose it, and are placed in the midst of it, there are less groups or knots of figures disposed at proper distances, which are parts of the piece, and seem to carry on the same design in a more inferior manner. Dryden.

[merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors]

I have seen tempests, when the scolding winds Have riv'd the knotty oaks. Shakesp. Julius Casar. The timber in some trees more clean, in some more knotty: try it by speaking at one end, and laying the ear at the other; for if it be knotty, the voice will not pass well. Bacon. The knotty oaks their list'ning branches bow. Roscommon. One with a brand yet burning from the flame, Arm'd with a knotty club another came. Dryd. Æn. Where the vales with violets once were crown'd, Now knotty burrs and thorns disgrace the fo. ryden. 2. Hard; rugged. Valiant fools Were made by nature for the wise to work with: They are their tools; and 'tis the sport of statesmen, When heroes knock their knotty heads together, And fall by one another. Rowe's Ambitious Stepm. 3. Intricate; perplexed; difficult; embarassed. King Henry, in the very entrance of his reign, met with a point of great difficulty, and knotty to solve, able to trouble and confound the wisest kings. Bacon. Fice, exercised skill in putting intricate questions; and he that was the best at the untying of knotty difficulties, carried the prize. L’Estrange. Some on the bench the knotty laws untie. Dryd. They compliment, they sit, they chat, Fight o'er the wars; reform the state; A thousand knotty points they clear, *Till supper and my wife appear. Prior.

[blocks in formation]
« ForrigeFortsett »