« ForrigeFortsett »
ILLUSTRATED IN THEIR DIFFERENT SIGNIFICATIONS BY EXAMPLES FROM THE BEST WRITERS.
PRINTED FOR THOMAS TEGG, 73, CHEAPSIDE;
A letter borrowed by the English * from the Greek alphabet. It has before all the vowels one invariable sound: as, keen, ken, kill. It is used after c at the end of words: as, knock, clack, crack, back, brick, stick, pluck, check, which were written anciently with e final: as, clocke, checke, tricke. It is also in use between a vowel and the silent e final: as, cloke, broke, brake, pike, duke, eke. It likewise ends a word aftera diphthong: as, look, break, shook, leek. The English never use c at the end of a word. K is silent in the present pronunciation before n: as, knife, knee, knell. KA'I,EN DAR. m. s. snow written calendar.]
An account of time.
KALI. n.s.. [an Arabick word.] Seaweed, of the ashes of which glass was made; whence the word alkali. The ashes of the weed kali are sold to the Venetians for their glass works. Bacon. Koo."off"Čroi. Kam, in Ero is squint eyed, and applied to any thing awry: clean kam signifies crooked, athwart, awry, cross from the purpose. A-schembo, Ital. hence our English a-kimbo. Clean kam is, by vulgar pronunciation, brought to kim, kam. This is clean kam; merely awry. Shakesp. To KAw. v. n. [from the sound.] To cry as a raven, crow, or rook. Jack-daws, katring and fluttering about the nests, set all their young ones ... but
having nothing in their mouths but air, leave them as hungry as before. Locke. KA w. n. s. [from the verb.] The cry of a raven or crow. The dastard crow that to the wood made wing, With her loud kales her craven kind doth bring, Who, safe in numbers, cuff the noble bird. Dryd. KAYLE. n.s. squille, Fr.] Ninepin; kettlepins, of which skittles
seems a corruption. Vo1. II.
To KEDGE. v. a. [kaghe, a small vessel, Dut.]
In bringing a ship up or down a narrow river, when the wind is contrary to the tide, they set the foresail, or food mizen, and so let her drive with the tide. The sails are to flat her about, if she comes too near the shore. They also carry out an anchor in the head of the boat, with a hawser that comes from the ship; which anchor, if the ship comes too near the shore, they let fall in the stream, and so wind her head about it; then weigh the anchor again when she is about, which is called kedging, and from this use the anchor a kedger. Harris.
K. E. E. KEDGER. m. s. [from kedge.] A small anchor used in a river. See KEDGE.
KEE., The provincial plural of cow, properly kine. Alass that Cic'ly hight had won his heart, Cicly the western lass that tends the kee. Gay. KEDLACK. m. s. A weed among corn; charnock. Tusser.
KEEL. m. s. [coele, Sax, kiel, Dut. quille, Fr.] The bottom of the ship.
Portunus Heav'd up his lighten'd keel, and sunk the sand, And steer'd the sacred vessel. den. Her sharp bill serves for a keel to cut the air before her, her tail she useth as her rudder. Grew.
Your cables burst, and you must quickly feel The waves impetuous ent'ring at your keel. Swift. KEELS, the same with kayles; which see. To KEEL. v. a. scalan, Sax.] This word, which is preserved in Shakespeare, Hanmer explains thus: To keel seems to mean to drink so deep, as to turn up the bottom of the pot, like turning up the keel of a ship.–In Ireland, to keel the pot is to scum it. While greasy Joan doth keel the pot. KEELFAT. n.s. [coelan, Sax. to cool, and fat or vat a vessel.] Cooler; tub in which liquor is let to cool.