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tures of Joseph Andrews, Lond., 1742, 2 vols. could do one no harm at such a distance, 12mo, llistory of Tom Jones, a Foundling, and in so much company; and yet if I Lond., 1749, 2 vols. 12mo, and Amelia, / was frightened I am not the only person." Lond., 1752. 4 vols. 12mo, he also published “Why, who," cries Jones, “dost thou take Ilistory of Jonathan Wild the Great, Love to be such a coward here beside thyself?"! in Several Masks, The Author's Farce, The "Nay, you may call me coward if you will; Grub Street Opera, The Modern Husband, | but if that little man there upon the stage is many other comedies, and poems, and es- not frightened, I never saw any man frightsays. Among the collective editions of his ened in my life. Ay, ay; go along with Works are those of Chalmers, 1821, 10 vols. vou! Ay to be sure! Who's fool then? 8ro, and Roscoe, 1840, etc., imp. 8vo. Novels, Will you ? Lud hare mercy upon such foolwith Memoir by Sir W. Scott, Edin., 1821, hardiness! Whatever happens, it is good ovo.

enough for you. Follow you! I'd follow the “Smollett and Fielding were so eminently suc

devil as soon. Nay, perhaps it is the devil, cessful as novelists that no other English author for they say he can put on what likeness he of that class has a right to be mentioned in the pleases. Oh! here he is again. No farther! same breath. We readily grant to Smollett an No, you have gone far enough already ; equal rank with his great rival, Fielding,—while farther than I'd have gone for all the king's we place both far above any of their successors in

dominions." Jones offered to speak, but the same line of fictitious composition. Perhaps no booke ever written excited such peals of inex

Partridge cried, “Ilush, hush, dear sir, haustible laughter as those of Smollett."-Sir

don't you hear him ??! And during the WALTER Scott.

whole speech of the ghost he sat with his “I go to Sterne for the feelings of nature; eyes fixed partly on the ghost, and partly Fielding for its vices; Johnson for a knowledge on IIamlet, and with his mouth open; the of the workings of its powers; and Shakspeare for same passions which succeeded each other in every thing."-ABERNETHY. "Fielding being mentioned, Johnson exclaimed,

Hamlet succeeding likewise in him. "He was a block head !' and upon expressing my

When the scene was over, Jones said, Astonishment at so strange an assertion, he said, "Why, Partridge, you exceed my expecta

What I mean by his being a blockhead is, that tions. You enjoy the play more than I he was a barren rascal!' BOSWELL: 'Will you conceived possible." "Nay, sir," answered not allow, sir, that he draws very natural pictures | Partridge." if you are not afraid of the of human life?' JOHNSON : Why, sir, it is of very

devil, I can't help it; but to be sure, it is low life.'"--BOSWELL: Life of Johnson.

natural to be surprised at such things,

though I know there is nothing in them: PARTRIDGE AT THE PLAYHOUSE.

not that it was the ghost that surprised me As soon as the play, which was Hamlet, neither; for I should have known that to Prince of Denmark, began, Partridge was have been only a man in a strange dress; all attention, nor did he break silence till but when I saw the little man so frightened the entrance of the ghost; upon which he himself, it was that which took bold of me.'' asked Jones, "What man that was in the" And dost thou imagine, tben, Partridge," strange dress : something," said he, "like cries Jones, "that he was really frightened ?" what I have seen in a picture. Sure it is “Nav, sir,” said Partridge, did not you not armour, is it?" Jones answered, “That yourself observe afterwards, when he found is the ghost." To which Partridge replied, it was his own father's spirit, and how he with a smile, “Persuade me to that, sir, if was murdered in his garden, how his fear you can. Though I can't say I ever actually forsook him by degrees, and he was struck saw a ghost in my life, yet I am certain Idumb with sorrow, as it were, just as I should know one if I saw him better than should have been had it been my own case. that comes to. No, no, sir; ghosts don't But hush! O la! what noise is that? There appear in such dresses as that neither." In he is again. Well, to be certain, though I this mistake, which caused much laughter know there is nothing at all in it, I am in the neighbourhood of Partridge, he was glad I am not down yonder where those suffered to continue till the scene between men are." Then turning his eyes again the ghost and Hamlet, when Partridge gave upon Hamlet, “Ay, you may draw your that credit to Mr. Garrick which he had sword: what signifies a sword against the denied to Jones, and fell into so violent a power of the devil ??: trembling that his knees knocked against. During the second act Partridge made each other. Jones asked him what was the very few remarks. He greatly admired the matter, and whether he was afraid of the fineness of the dresses; nor could he help warrior upon the stage? “O la! sir," said observing upon the king's countenance. he, « I perceive now it is what you told me. “Well," said he,“ how people may be deI am not afraid of anything, for I know it is ceived by faces! Nulla fides front is, I find, bat a play; and if it was really a ghost, it a true saying. Who would think, by look

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ing into the king's face, that he had ever out, “Well ! it is strange to see how fear. committed a murder?!!

less some men are. I never could bring my. He then inquired after the ghost; but self to touch anything belonging to a dead Jones, who intended he should be surprised, man on any account. lle seemed frightgave him no other satisfaction than that ened enough too at the ghost, I thought. he might possibly see him again soon, and Nemo omnibus horis sapit." Little more in a flash of fire.

worth remembering occurred during the Partridge sat in fearful expectation of | play; at the end of which Jones asked this; and now, when the ghost made his him “ Which of the players he had liked next appearance, Partridge cried out, " There, best ?" To this he answered, with some sir, now: what say you now? is he fright- appearance of indignation at the question, ened now or no? As much frightened as "I'he king, without doubt." "Indeed, Mr. you think me, and, to be sure, nobody can | Partridge," says Mrs. Miller, "you are not help some fears. I would not be in so bad of the same opinion with the town; for they a condition as—what's his name?-Squire are all agreed that Iamlet is acted by the Hamlet is there, for all the world. Bless best player who ever was on the stage." me! what's become of the spirit? As I am "He the best player !'' cries Partridge, with a living soul, I thought I saw him sink into a contemptuous sneer; "why, I could act the earth;" "Indeed you saw right," an as well as he myself. I am sure if I had swered Jones. “Well, well," cries Par seen a ghost I should have looked in the tridge, “ I know it is only a play; and be very same manner, and done just as he did. sides, if there was anything in all this, And then, to be sure, in that scene, as you Madam Miller would not laugh so; for as called it, between him and his mother, where to you, sir, you would not be afraid, I be you told me he acted so fine, why, Lord help lieve, if the devil was here in person. There, me, any man, that is, any good man, that there, ay, no wonder you are in such a pas- had such a mother, would have done exactly sion; shake the vile wicked wretch to pieces. the same. I know you are only joking with If she was my own mother I should serve me; but, indeed madam, though I was never her so. To be sure all duty to il mother is at a play in London, yet I have seen acting forfeited by such wicked doings. Ay, go before in the country; and the king for my about your business: I hate the sight of money : he speaks all his words distinctly, you !"

half as loud again as the other. Anybody Our critic was now pretty silent till the may see he is an actor !" play which Hamlet introduces before the History of Tom Jones. king. This he did not at first understand till Jones explained it to him ; but he no sooner entered into the spirit of it, than he began to bless himself that he had never | RIGHT HON. WILLIAM PITT, committed murder. Then turning to Mrs. EARL OF CHATHAM, Miller, he asked her “If she did not imagine the king looked as if he was touched; born 1708, and educated at Eton and Trinity though he is," said he, "a cood actor, and College, Oxford, after serving a short time doth all he can to hide it." Well, I would as a cornet in the Blues, British army, was not have so much to answer for as that in 1735 chosen M.P. for Old Sarum, was wicked man there hath, to sit upon a much premier for five months in 1757, and subsehigher chair than he sits upon. "No wonder quently gained great glory in the same high he run away: for your sake I'll never trust

position ; Earl of Chatham, 1766 ; died 1778. an innocent face again."

See Letters written by the late Earl of ChatThe crave-digging scene next en gaced the ham to his Nephew Thomas Pitt (afterattention of Partridge, who expressed inuch wards Lord Camelford), then at Cambridge, surprise at the number of skulls thrown

| Lond., 1804, crown 8vo: large paper ; Corupon the stage, to which Jones answered, respondence of the Earl of Chatham, Lond.,

That it was one of the most famous burial- | 1838, 2 vols. 8vo ; IIistory of the Earl of places about town.” “No wonder, then." Chatham, by the Rev. Francis Thackeray, cuies Partridge, " that the place is haunted. | A.M., Lond., 1807, 2 vols. 4to ; Goodrich's But I never saw in my life a worse grave

Select British Eloquence, N. York, 1852, 8vo. digger. I had a sexton when I was clerk “ His eloquence was of the very highest order: that should have dug three graves while he vehement, fiery, close to the subject, concise, someis digging one. The fellow handles a spade

times eminently, even boldly, figurative: it was as if it was the first time he had ever one

l original and surprising, yet quite natural. The

fine passages or felicitous hits in which all popular in his hand. Ay, ay, you may sing. You

asseinblies take boundless delight ... form the had rather sing than work, I believe !" grand charm of Lord Chatham's oratory. ... He Upon IIamlet's taking up the skull, he cried is the person to whom every one would at once

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point if desired to name the most successful states | my country I never would lay down my man and most brilliant orator that this country arms. Never ! Never! Never! But, my ever produced. Some fragments of his speeches

lords, who is the man that, in addition to have been handed down to us; but these bear so

the disgraces and unischiefs of the war, has Fery small a proportion to the prodigious fame which his eloquence has left behind it, that far

dared to authorize and associate to our arms more is manifestly lost than has reached us."- | the tomahawk and scalping-knife of the LORD BROUGHAM: Statesmen of the Time of George savage? to call into civilized alliance the UI.

wild and inhuman inhabitant of the woods?

to delegate to the merciless Indian the deEMPLOYMENT OF INDIANS IN THE WAR WITH

fence of disputed rights, and to wage the AMERICA.

horrors of his barbarous war against our I cannot, my lords, I will not, join in brethren? My lords, these enormities cry congratulation on misfortune and disgrace. aloud for redress and punishment. But, This, my lords, is a perilous and tremendous my lords, this barbarous measure has been moment; it is not a time for adulation; the defended, not only on the principles of policy smoothness of flattery cannot save us in this and necessity, but also on those of morality : rugged and awful crisis. It is now neces- " for it is perfectly allowable," says Lord sary to instruct the throne in the language Suffolk, “ to use all the means which God and of truth. We must, if possible, dispel the nature have put into our hands.” I am asdelusion and darkness which envelope it, and tonished, I am shocked, to hear such princidisplay, in its full danger and genuine col- ples confessed ; to hear them avowed in this ours, the ruin which is brought to our doors. house or in this country. My lords, I did Can ministers still presume to expect support not intend to encroach so much on your atin their infatuation? Can parliament be so tention ; but I cannot repress my indignadead to their dignity and duty as to give tion,-I feel myself impelled to speak. My their support to measures thus obtruded lords, we are called upon as members of this and forced upon them,-measures, my lords, house, as men, as Christians, to protest which have reduced this late flourishing against such horrible barbarity. “That God empire to scorn and contempt? But yester- and nature have put into our hands”! What day, and England might have stood against ideas of God and nature that noble lord may the world ; now, none so poor to do her entertain I know not; but I know that such reverence! The people whom we at first detestable principles are equally abhorrent despised as rebels, but whom we now ac- to religion and humanity. What! to attribknowledge as enemies, are abetted against ute the sacred sanction of God and nature you, supplied with every military store, to the massacres of the Indian scalpinghave their interest consulted, and their am- | knife! to the cannibal savage, torturing, bassadors entertained by your inveterate murdering, devouring, drinking the blood enemy; and ministers do not, and dare of his mangled victims! Such notions shock not, interpose with dignity or effect. The every precept of morality, every feeling of desperate state of our army abroad is in humanity, every sentiment of honour. These part known. No man more highly esteems) abominable principles, and this more abomiand honours the English troops than I do; nable avowal of them, demand the most deI know their virtues and their valour; I cisive indignation. I call upon that right know they can achieve anything but impos- reverend, and this most learned bench to sibilities; and I know that the conquest of vindicate the religion of their God, to supBritish America is an impossibility. You port the justice of their country. I call cannot, my lords, you cannot conquer upon the bishops to interpose the unsullied America. What is your present situation sanctity of their lawn ; upon the judges to there? We do not know the worst; but we interpose the purity of their ermine, to save know that in three campaigns we have done us from this pollution. I call upon the nothing and suffered much. You may swell honour of your lordships to reverence the every expense, accumulate every assistance, dignity of your ancestors, and to maintain and extend your traffic to the shambles of your own. I call upon the spirit and huevery German despot: your attempts will manity of my country to vindicate the nabe forever vain and impotent,-doubly so, tional character. I invoke the Genius of indeed, from this mercenary aid on which the Constitution. From the tapestry that you rely ; for it irritates, to an incurable adorns these walls the immortal ancestor of resentment, the minds of your adversaries, this noble lord frowns with indignation at to overrun them with the mercenary sons of the disgrace of his country. In vain did he rapine and plunder, devoting them and their defend the liberty and establish the religion possessions to the rapacity of hireling cruelty. of Britain against the tyranny of Rome if If I were an American, as I am an English- l these worse than Popish cruelties and inman, while a foreign troop was landed in quisitorial practices are endured among us. 178


To send forth the merciless cannibal, thirst which was then just published. Johnson said he ing for blood! against whom? your Prot- thought his style pretty good, but that he had estant brethren! to lay waste their country,

blamed Henry the Second rather too much." — Bos.

WELL: Life of Johnson, edit. 1848, royal Sro, 185. to desolate their dwellings, and extirpate

"The reader may consult Lyttelton's History their race and name by the aid and instru

an elaborate and valuable work-with advantage.** mentality of these horrible hell-hounds of -SHARON TURNER. war! Spain can no longer boast pre-emi “Pedantry was so deeply fixed in his nature nence in barbarity. She armed herself with that the hustings, the Treasury, the Exchequer, blood-hounds to extirpate the wretched na

the House of Commons, the House of Lords, left

bim the same dreaming school-boy that they found tives of Mexico : we, more ruthless, loose

him."-LORD MACAULAY: Edin. Rer., Jaly, 1835: these dogs of war against our countrymen in

Sir James Mackintosh's History of the Revolution ; America, endeared to us by every tie that and in Macaulay's Essays. can sanctify humanity. I solemnly call upon your lordships, and upon every order of men

CHARACTER OF WILLIAM THE CONQUEROR. in the state, to stamp upon this infamous procedure the indelible stigma of the public The character of this prince has seldom abhorrence. More particularly I call upon been set in its true light; some eminent the boly prelates of our religion to do away writers have been dazzled so much by the this iniquity : let them perform a lustration, more shining parts of it that they hare to purify the country from this deep and hardly seen his faults; while others, out of deadly sin. My lords, I am old and weak,

a strong detestation of tyranny, have been and at present unable to say more ; but my unwilling to allow him the praise he de feelings and indignation were too strong to serves. have said less. I could not have slept this IIe may with justice be ranked among night in my bed, nor even reposed my head the greatest generals any age has produced. upon my pillow, without giving vent to my

There was united in him activity, vigilance, eternal abhorrence of such enormous and

intrepidity, caution, great force of judgment, preposterous principles.

and never failing presence of mind. He was strict in his discipline, and kept his soldiers in perfect obedience; yet preserved their

affection. Ilaving been from his very childLORD GEORGE LYTTELTON,

hood continually in war, and at the head of

armies, he joined to all the capacity that born 1708-9, entered Parliament 1730, and

genius could give all the knowledge and skill warmly opposed Sir Robert Walpole's admin- | that experience could teach, and was a perfect istration ; became a Lord of the Treasury, | master of the military art as it was practised 1744, and Chancellor of the Exchequer, in the times wherein he lived. His con1756 ; created Lord Lyttelton, 1757; died stitution enabled him to endure any bard1773. He was the author of Letters from a ships, and very few were equal to him in Persian in England to his Friend at Ispa

personal strength, which was an excellenen han, vol. i., Lond., 1735. 8vo, 5th edit., 1744, of more importance than it is now, from the 12mo; vol. ii., 3d edit., 1736, 12mo ; Monody

manner of fighting then in use. It is said to the Memory of a Lady lately Deceased of him that none except himself could hend [his wife), Lond., 1747, fol.; Observations his bow. His courage was heroic, and be on the Conversion and Apostleship of Saint possessed it not only in the field, but (whieh Paul, Lond., 1747, 8vo, and in Christian was more uncommon) in the cabinet, atEvidences, Bohn, 1850, royal 8vo; Dia

tempting great things with means that to logies of the Dead, Lond., 1760, 8vo; New

other men appeared totally unequal to such Dialogues, 1762, 8vo, 4th edit., 1765, 8vo ; | undertakings, and steadily prosecuting what The listory of the Life of King IIenry the he had boldly resolved; but never disturbel Second, and of the Age in which he Lived, or disheartened by difficulties in the course etc., Lond., 1764-67, 4 vols. 4to, Dublin, of his enterprises ; but having that nolle 1768, 4 vols. 8vo, Lond., 1769, 6 vols. 8vo, vigour of mind which, instead of bending 1777, 6 vols. 8vo. Miscellaneous Works, I

to opposition, rises against it, and seems to Lond., 1774, 4to, Dubl., 1774, 2 vols. 8vo,

have a power of controlling and coin mand2d edit., Lond., 1775, 4to, 3d edit., 1776, | ing Fortune herself. 3 vols. 8vo. Poetical Works, Lond., 1785, Nor was he less superior to pleasure that 12mo. Glasg., 1787, fol., 1801, 1 vol. 8vo: to fear: no luxury softened him, no riot dis and in Collections of British Poets. See his ordered, no sloth relaxed. ... A lust or Menoirs and Correspondence, 1734 to 1773, power, 'which no regard to justice could by R. Phillimore, Lond., 1845, 2 vols. 8vo. limit, the most unrelenting cruelty, and the

"His Majesty then asked him [Dr. Johnson) most insatiable avarice, possessed his soul what he thought of Lord Lyttelton's History, | It is true, indeed, that among many acts of

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extreme humanity some shining instances to oppress and pillage the people. The of great clemency may be produced, that king himself did not only tolerate, but enwere either the effects of his policy, which courage, support, and even share these extaught him this method of acquiring friends, tortions. Though the greatness of the anor of his magnanimity, which made him cient landed estate of the crown, and the slight a weak and subdued enemy, such as feudal profits to which he legally was entitled, was Edgar Atheling, in whom he found rendered him one of the richest monarchs neither spirit nor talents able to contend in Europe he was not content with all that with him for the crown. But where he had opulence, but by authorizing the sheriff's no advantage nor pride in forgiving, his who collected his revenues in the several nature discovered itself to be utterly void counties to practise the most grievous vexaof all sense of compassion; and some bar tions and abuses for the raising of thein barities which he committed exceeded the higher by a perpetual auction of the crown bounds that even tyrants and conquerors lands, so that none of his tenants could be prescribe to themselves.

secure of possession, if any other would come Most of our ancient historians give him and offer more; by various iniquities in the the character of a very religious prince : court of exchequer, which was entirely Norbut his religion was after the fashion of man; by forfeitures wrongfully taken ; and those times, belief without examination, and lastly, by arbitrary and illegal taxations, he devotion without piety. It was a religion drew into his treasury much too great a prothat prompted him to endow monasteries, portion of the wealth of his kingdom. and at the same time allowed him to pillage. It must, however, be owned, that if his kingdoms; that threw him on his knees be | avarice was insatiably and unjustly rapafore a relic or cross, but suffered him unre cious, it was not meanly parsimonious, nor strained to trample upon the liberties and of that sordid kind which brings on a prince rights of mankind.

dishonour and contempt. He supported the As to his wisdom in government, of dignity of his crown with a decent magnifiwhich some modern writers have spoken cence; and though he never was lavish, he very highly, he was, indeed, so far wise that sometimes was liberal, especially to his through a long unquiet reign he knew how soldiers and the church. But looking on to support oppression hy terror, and employ money as a necessary means of maintaining the properest means for the carrying on a and increasing power, he devised to accuvery iniquitous and violent administration. mulate as much as he could, rather, perhaps, But that which alone deserves the name from an ambitious than a covetous nature; of wisdom in the character of a king, the at least his avarice was subservient to his maintaining of authority by the exercise of ambition, and he laid up wealth in his coffers, those virtues which make the happiness of as he did arms in his magazines, to be drawn bis people, was what, with all his abilities, out, when any proper occasion required it, he does not appear to have possessed. Nor | for the enlargement of his dominions. did he excel in those soothing and popular Upon the whole, he had many great qualarts which sometimes change the com- | ities, hut few virtues; and if those actions plexion of a tyranny, and give it a fallacious that most particularly distinguish the man appearance of freedom. IIis government or the king are impartially considered, we was harsh and despotic, violating even the shall find that in his character there is much principles of that constitution which he to admire, but still more to abhor. himself had established. Yet so far he per- History of the Life of King Henry the formed the duty of a sovereign that he took Second. care to maintain a good police in his realm ; carbing licentiousness with a strong hand, which, in the tumultuous state of his gov JAMES HARRIS, M.P., ernment. was a great and difficult work. How well he performed it we may learn | born 1709, became a Lord of the Admiralty, eren from the testimony of a contemporary

1762, Lord of the Treasury, 1763, Secretary Saxon historian, who says that during his and Comptroller to the Queen, 1774, and reign a man might have travelled in per-died 1780. This very learned Grecian was fect security all over the kingdom with his the author of Three Treatises : I. Art, II. bosom full of gold, nor durst any kill another Music, Painting, and Poetry, III. IIappiin revenge of the greatest offences, nor offer ness, Lond., 174+, etc., 8vo; Hermes, a violence to the chastity of a woman. But Philosophical Inquiry concerning Language it was a poor compensation that the high- and Universal Grammar, Lond., 1750, etc., ways were safe, when the courts of justice 8vo; The Spring, a Pastoral, 1762, 4to; were dens of thieves, and when almost every | Philosophical Arrangements, Edin. and man in authority, or in office, used his power | Lond., 1775, 8vo; Philological Enquiries,

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