Chaga Childhood: A Description of Indigenous Education in an East African Tribe
This account of traditional education among the Chaga, a Bantu-speaking people of Tanzania, was one of the earliest studies of indigenous education. The first part of the book is an historical survey of existing literature on the subject in English, French and German; the second and main part of the book is a description of the informal education of the Chaga child in the family; the self-educative process in play group and age class; the formal training received during the rites leading up to circumcision, initiation and the preparation for marriage; and the changes in relationship between parents and children as they grow older, from the infant stage of biological dependence to the point at which the child fills the place occupied by the parent through descent, inheritance and succession. Psychological, anthropological, linguistic and pedagogical problems are discussed, including the development of speech during infancy, the extension of classificatory terms in the kinship group, the significance of the rites of development, and the differentiation of behaviour according to age, sex and rank of the children by means of taboos, punishments, songs and proverbs. The third part of the book offers practical conclusions from this study of indigenous education, in particular with regard to education policy, teaching methods and school organisation in Tropical Africa.
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activities adolescence adult African age-group ancestors animal anthropology banana Bantu become beer behaviour birth boys calabash called cattle ceremony Chaga chief child childhood circumcision clan co-operation colocasia commensality connexion corporal punishment culture curse custom dances dracaena economic elders eleusine European exogamy expressed fact father Foibe function girl goat Gutmann hand human husband imitation incisors individual infanticide initiation instance interpretation Kafir Kilimanjaro kinship group learned Leipzig lessons magical maize manner marriage married meat method milk moral Moshi mother mother's brother native novices observed offspring organization parents pasture paternal patrilineal person play play-group political polygamous primitive education puberty punishment Raum Recapitulation Theory reference relationship rite ritual round sexual shiga Siairuka similar sister social society songs stick Swahili teacher teaching tendency tion told traditional tribal tribe wife woman women youth
Side vi - , Africa, 5.1, 1932, p.2. later. Meanwhile the Institute set in motion a broad programme of publication. The bias towards social change and development was intrinsic in the way the Institute was first conceived and then established in 1926. The original concern, of both missionaries and administrators, was with formulating and implementing new methods of education in Africa, with its emphasis in primary schools on the vernacular being used in class and in textbooks. 'The child should learn', the...
Side 1 - They cannot know the feeling of having a home, and still less that of domestic affection; for the husband is to the wife a brutal master to a laborious slave. Was a more horrid deed ever perpetrated, than that witnessed on the west coast by Byron, who saw a wretched mother pick up her bleeding dying infant-boy, whom her husband had mercilessly dashed on the stones for dropping a basket of sea-eggs...