“old men (z) shall dream dreams, “ the great and the terrible day (6) of your young men (2) shall see visions :

66 the LORD come : 32. And it shall “ 29. And also upon the servants (2) “ come to pass, that whosoever shall “and upon the handmaids () in those call on the name of the LORD (c) “ days will I pour out my Spirit. 6 shall be delivered : for in mount 66 30. And I will shew wonders in the 6 Zion and in Jerusalem (d) shall be “ heavens and in the earth, blood, and “ deliverance, as the LORD hath said, “ fire, and pillars of smoke. 31. The 66 and in the remnant whom the LORD

sun shall be turned into darkness, 6 shall call (e).” " and the moon into blood (a), before


CHAP. VI. (g)

“ brought thee up out of the land of Hear

EAR ye now what the LORD saith, “ Egypt, and redeemed thee out of the “ Arise, contend thou before the moun- 6 house of servants, and I sent before “tains (h), and let the hills (h) hear thy “ thee Moses, Aaron, and Miriam. “ voice. 2. Hear ye, O mountains, the 5. O my people, remember now what “ Lord's controversy, and ye strong “ Balak king of Moab consulted (i), « foundations of the earth : for the " and what Balaam the son of Beor “ LORD hath a controversy with his answered him from Shittim unto Gil

people, and he will plead with Israel. “gal, that ye may know the righteous“ 3. O my people, what have I done ness of the Lord. 6. " Wherewith

unto thee, and wherein have I wearied « shall I come before the LORD, and “ thee? testify against me. 4. For I“ bow myself before the high God ? (a) v. 31. “ The sun shall be turned i.e. (perhaps) figuratively,

" for the true “ into darkness, and the moon into blood." “ worshippers of God.” Figurative expressions, to intimate the (e) “ The remnant whom the Lord shall calamities and dismay which should fall “ call,” i.e. “ those who shall listen to his upon the great.

“ voice, and profess his religion.” (6) “ The great and the terrible day, (g) Micah prophesied in the days of " &c.” i. e. (probably) “ the time of the Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, (Mic. i. 1. “ destruction of Jerusalem." Our Saviour and see Jer, xxvi. 18.) and was therefore says, with reference to the destruction of living in the times of Isaiah, Hosea, Amos, Jerusalem, “ These be the days of ven- and Zephaniah, long before Jeremiah,

geance, that all things which are written Ezekiel, Daniel, Haggai, Zechariah or may be fulfilled. Luke xxi. 22."

Malachi. - An expostulation from God (c) v. 32. “ Shall call on the name of with his people, and a denunciation against " the Lord,” i. e. “ profess the true re- them for their sins. “ligion, and put their trust in God.” It (h) v. 1. “ The mountains,” and “ the is supposed that at the destruction of “ hills, &c.” i. e. “ even the most senseless Jerusalem, not a single Christian was in- things will be convinced of the iniquity cluded : Our Saviour gave them this “ of your ways." advice; “ when ye shalĩ see Jerusalem (i) v. 5. “What Balak consulted, &c." “ compassed with armies, then know that The best interpretation of this and the " the desolation thereof is nigh: then let next three verses seems to be this : verses “ them which are in Judea flee to the 6 and 7 contain a question from Balak to “ mountains, and let them which are in the Balaam; and verse 8. Balaam's answer ; “ midst depart out. Luke xxi. 20, 21." and by “the righteousness of the Lord" An opportunity occurred after the first in verse 5. is meant “the righteousness he commencement of the siege, and at that “ requires,” viz. “ to do justly, &c.” time every Christian is supposed to have Bishop Butler and Dr. Hales adopt this escaped. See ante, 76. note on Matt. construction. Butler's Serm. 121. xxiv. 31.

2 Hales, 129. (d) “In mount Zion, and in Jerusalem,"

6 shall I come before him with burnt- “ the inhabitants thereof have spoken “ offerings, with calves of a year old ? “ lies, and their tongue is deceitful in 7. Will the LORD be pleased with 6 their mouth. 13. Therefore also will “ thousands of rams, or with ten thou- “ I make thee sick in smiting thee, in “sands of rivers of oil ? shall I give “ making thee desolate because of thy “ my first-born for my transgression,

“ sins. 14. Thou shalt eat (9), but not 6 the fruit of my body for the sin of my

“ be satisfied, and thy casting down (1) “ soul? 8. He hath shewed thee, o 6 shall be in the midst of thee, and thou “ man, what is good; and what doth “ shalt take hold (s), but shalt not de“ the Lord require of thee, but to do “ liver: and that which thou deliverest “justly (k), and to love mercy, and to “ will I give up to the sword: 15. Thou “ walk humbly with thy God? 9. The “ shalt sow (t) but thou shalt not reap: “ Lord's voice crieth (1) unto the city, “thou shalt tread the olives, but thou 6 and the man of wisdom shall see thy 6 shalt not anoint thee with oil; and « name (m): hear ye the rod (n), and “ sweet wine (u), but shalt not drink 6 who hath appointed it. 10. Are there “ wine. 16. For the statutes of Omri (I)

yet (o) the treasures of wickedness are kept, and all the works of the “ in the house of the wicked, and “ house of Ahab, and ye walk in their “ the scant measure that is abominable. “ counsels; that I should make thee a “ 11. Shall I count them pure with “ desolation, and the inhabitants thereof " wicked balances, and with the bag of "an hissing: therefore ye shall bear the “ deceitful weights ? 12. For the rich “ reproach of my people (y).” “ men thereof (P) are full of violence, and

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CHAP. II. (2)

to see what he (6) will say unto me, and I w WILL stand (a) upon my watch, and what I shall answer when I am reproved

. set me upon the tower, and will watch 2. And the LORD answered me, and said,

(k) v. 8. “ Justly,” or “justice," 2 Hales, “ most would wish to save, shall either be 220. A fine summary of man's duties !! 6 wrested from you, or given to the

(1) v. 9. “ Crieth," i. e. “ takes extra- “sword." ordinary pains to make known what he (t) v. 15. “ Sow,&c.” “ Shalt have the “ requires ; proclaims it aloud, so that toil, not the produce." Like the denun“ every one must hear it.”

ciation, Deut. xxviii. 38 to 40. (m)See thy name," i. e. (perhaps) (11) “ Sweet wine," or “ thou shalt hare “ perceive thy name stamped upon the « vineyards." “ command ; be satisfied of its authen- (3) v. 16. “Omri," one of the wicsed “ ticity."

kings of Israel, Ahab's father; "he wrough (n) “ The rod,” i. e. “ the punishment “ evil in the sight of the Lord, worse than “ for disobedience."

“ all that were before him. i Kings svi. (c) v. 10. “ Yet,” “after this warning ;

<< 25." “ after God hath cried to the city!"

(y) " My people," or " the heathen. (p) v. 12. “ Thereof,” i.e. “ of the city, Sept.” « of Jerusalem."

(z) The exact time when Habakkuk (9) v. 14. “ Eat, &c.” i. e. either “ thy lived is not known: probably before the “ food shall not give thee nourishment," commencement of the Babylonish capor “thou shalt not have enough to nourish tivity : for he says, Hab. i. 6.°" Lo, I raise “ thee.”

“ up the Chaldeans, that bitter and hasty (r) “ Thy casting down, &c." i. e. “ nation;" and enters into a more minute (perhaps) “ thou shalt be visited with in- description of their strength and martia " ward sickness."

qualities than would have been likely had (s) “ Thou shalt take hold, &c.” i. e. they before been known in Judea.- A pro(perhaps) “ what you most value, what you phecy of the great deliverance by the Mesa

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“ Write (c) the vision, and make (c) it “ satisfied, but gathereth (9) unto him “plain upon tables, that he may run (d) “ all nations, and heapeth unto him all “ that readeth it. 3. For the vision (e) people: 6. Shall not all these take up is yet (g) for an appointed time, but at “ a parable against him, and a taunting “the end it (h) shall speak, and not “proverb against him, and say, “ Woe “ Jie (i): though it (h) tarry, wait for “ to him that increaseth (r) that which is “it (n); because it (h) will surely come, not his: how long (s)? and to him “it (h) will not tarry. 4. Behold, his " that ladeth himself with thick clay(t). “soul which is lifted up (k) is not up

66 6. Shall they not rise up suddenly (u) right in him: but the just shall live " that shall bite thee, and awake that “ by his faith (1). 5. Yea also (m), be- 6 shall vex thee, and thou shalt be for “cause (n) he (0) transgresseth by wine, 6 booties unto them? 8. Because (2) he is a proud man, neither keepeth at 6 thou hast spoiled many nations ; “ home (P), who enlargeth his desire as “ all the remnant of the people shall “hell, and is as death, and cannot be “ spoil thee: because of men's blood, siah in God's appointed time but not before, « shall have no pleasure in, but the just of earlier deliverance to the Jews from the “ shall live by faith. Chand). Def. 162.” Babylonian power, and of the judgments to The citation Hebr. x. 37, 38. as far as it fall upon that nation.

goes, agrees nearly with Bp. Chandler. (a) v. 1. “ I will stand, &c.” He had “ For yet a little time, and he that shall been expostulating with God in chapter i. come, will come, and will not tarry: now for suffering the oppressions and successes " the just shall live by faith ; but if any of the wicked, (perhaps referring to the man draw back, my soul shall have no success of the Babylonians, and their op- “ pleasure in him.” pressions upon the Jews ;) and he here (1) “ Speak, and not lie,” or “ appear, betakes himself to his station, (like a watch- " and not deceive." man of those times,) to hear what God will (k) v. 4. “Lifted up," i. e. with pride,

or “ drawn aside," doubting God's pro(6) “ He,"i. e. 6 God.”

mises. (c) v. 2. “ Write," or "engrave," and (1) “Shall live by his faith," i. e. (pro" make it plain," or "cut it deeply." In- bably) “his confidence in God shall secure timations that it was of great importance,

« him life." and that persons not then born were con- () v. 5. “ Also,” i. e. (probably) - in cerned in knowing it.

" addition to this prophecy as to Christ, (d) “ May run, &c.” or “ that he who “I will state what shall happen to the

runs may read it.” So that it was to be “ Babylonians." short as well as clear, that it might be seen (n)“ Because, &c.” reasons fully justi. and understood at a single glance.

fying the judgment upon them. (e) v. 3. “ The vision," i.e. (probably) (0) "He," i.e. "the Babylonish nation," "the great subject of prophecy, the deli- spoken of as one man. verance by the Messiah."


“ Neither keepeth at home," i. e. (g) “ Yet, &c." i. e. (probably)“ there “ does not confine himself within his own " is an interval, a fixed and settled time " limits.” “ which must elapse before this great (9) “Gathereth, &c." extending his do

minions far and wide. (h) “ It,” or “he," “ him ;" so in all (r) v. 6. “ Increaseth," i.e. “ taketh to the ancient versions, (Bp. Chandler's De

“ himself," "increasing his own possessions fence of Christianity, 163. and so cited by taking those of others.” Hebr. x. 37.) The ancient rabbins consi- (s) “ How long,"i. e. “shall this be perdered this a prophecy of the Messiah, and 66 mitted ?" the Talmudists do the same, Chandl.166,7. (1) “ Thick clay," i. e.“ wealth.” Bp. Chandler thus renders the passage: (u) v. 7. “ Suddenly.” It was probably “And at the end he shall break forth," in less than a century after this prediction (i.e. as the sun,) “ and not deceive: though that Babylon was taken by Cyrus, and the "he tarry, expect him, because he that Babylonian monarchy suppressed. “cometh will come, he will not go beyond * () v. 8. “ Because, &c." as a return for “ (God's appointed time.) Behold, if any your outrages and cruelties. man draw back, the soul of him (God)



“ event.”

66 in.


“ and for the violence of () the land, 1“ neighbour drink, that puttest thy “ of (2) the city, and of (z) all that dwell “ bottle to him (h), and makest him “ therein. 9. Woe to him (a) that co- “ drunken also, that thou mayest look (1) “ veteth an evil covetousness to his on their nakedness. 16. Thou art “ house, that he may set his nest on “ filled with shame for (k) glory: drink “high, that he may be delivered from “thou also (1), and let thy foreskin be " the power of evil. 10. Thou (0) “ uncovered: the cup of the Lord's 6 hast consulted shame (c) to thy house right hand (m) shall be turned unto “ by cutting off many people, and hast “ thee, and shameful spewing shall be 6 sinned against thy soul (d). 11. For

on thy glory. 17. For the (n) violence “ the stone (e) shall cry out of the wall, “ of (0) Lebanon shall cover (P) thee, 6 and the beam (e) out of the timber “ and the spoil of beasts, which (9) made 6 shall answer it. 12. Woe to him (a) " them afraid, because of men's blood (r), 66 that buildeth a town with blood, and “ and for the violence of(z) the land, of(z) “ stablisheth a city by iniquity. 13. Be- “ the city, and of (z) all that dwell there“ hold, is it not of the Lord of Hosts,

18. What profiteth the graven " that the people shall labour in the “ image (s), that the maker thereof hath “ very fire (g), and the people shall

graven it; the molten image, and a “ weary themselves for very vanity (g)? “ teacher of lies, that the maker of his “ 14. For the earth shall be filled with “ work trusteth therein, to make dumb “ the knowledge of the glory of the " idols ? 19. Woe unto him (a) that " LORD, as the waters cover the sea. “ saith to the (t) wood, “ Awake;" to “ 15. Woe unto him (a) that giveth his

66 the dumb (t) stone,

" Arise, it shall (z) v. 8. 17. “Of," or

(2) “ Drink thou also," or " thou also (a) v. 9. 12. 15. 19. “ To him," referring “ shalt drink ;" what thou hast done to to the people of Babylon.

others shall be done to thee. (6) v. 10. " Thou," i.e. “the Babylonian (m) “ The cup of the Lord's right hand," ' people.”

i.e. “ God's vengeance." (c) * Shame, &c." “ disgrace and de. (n) v. 17. “ The violence of Lebanon," “struction to thyself, instead of security, i. e. “the outrages you committed at the “ will be the consequence of thy cruel- “ destruction of the temple at Jerusalem;" “ ties."

see v. 8. Jeremiah calls the destruction of (d) “ Against thy soul,"i.e. "to thy own Babylon “the vengeance of the Lord, the « destruction."

vengeance of his temple.Jer, li. 11. and (e) v. 11. “ The stone,” and “the beam.” so Jer. 1. 28. The most inanimate things shall cry out (0) “ Lebanon," i. e. “ Jerusalem," or against your conduct; probably proverbs. “ the temple.” See Jer. xxii. 6. 20. ante.

(g) v. 13. “ In the very fire,” and “ for (p) " Cover,” i. e.“ overcome you with very vanity," i.e. probably, “with great “ dread," “ overwhelm you." “ uneasiness and danger, and to no pur- (9) “ Which, &c.” or “ shall make thee

pose.” This and the next verse probably « afraid, &c." “ The manner in which look forward to the taking of Babylon by " thou hast spoiled others shall bring up Cyrus, and the inefficacy of all attempts to “ thee the fear of being spoiled in like resist him. In Jer, li. 58. where the down. “ manner thyself.” fall of Babylon is expressly mentioned, (r) “ Because of men's blood, &c." similar expressions occur. Thus saith the the same expressions as in verse 8. “ as a Lord of Hosts, “ The broad walls of Ba- “ return for your outrages and cruelties.”. “ bylon shall be utterly broken, and her (s) v. 18. “ The graven image, &c." “ high gates shall be burned with fire; and after these denunciations, what more na. “ the people shall labour in vain, and the tural than to contrast the imbecillity of “ folk in the fire, and they shall be weary.” idols with the omnipotence of God: the

(h) v 15. “ Puttest thy bottle to him," weakness of the trust of Babylon, with the “pressing him to drink more than he irresistible strength of the trust of Israel? oughi.”

This was probably added to keep the Jews (2) “ That thou mayest look, &c.” “Not from falling into the idolatrous practices “ for hospitality, but that he may expose of the Babylonians. “ himself, and you may overreach him." (t) v. 19. “ Wood," " and dumb stone," (k) v. 16. “ For," i. e. “ instead of.”

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“ idols."

i. e.

“ teach :" behold, it is laid over with

“ the LORD is in his holy temple (u): “ gold and silver, and there is no breath “ let all the earth keep silence (x) before

at all in the midst of it. 20. But him."

(u) v, 20. “ His holy temple” not in a temple made with hands, as idols are, but in heaven. “ Behold, the heaven, and 6. heaven of heavens, cannot contain him ;"

how much less a house which man can build !" See 1 Kings viii. 27.

(2) “Keep silence,” in reverence and submission.

This Work is now brought to its con- or displeasure depends upon the faith and clusion. It was commenced under a firm worship man adopts. The prophecies in the conviction, after doubt and examination, New Testament, and their accomplishment, of the Divine Origin of the Christian Dis- the conduct of our Saviour and his apostles, pensation, and of the importance, both to the miracles they wrought, the sufferings individuals and to the nation, of a general they endured, and the nature of the prepractice of its duties. That conviction has cepts they enjoined, are additional grounds received additional strength during the for a Christian's faith. And may He, from progress of the Work. The series of pro- whom all light and knowledge comes, open phecies respecting the Messiah, the con- our eyes that we may know what is truth, version of the Gentiles, and the coming in and dispose our hearts to fulfil its dictates, of all nations to God's worship; the repeat- that we may be a wise and understanding ed warnings and affectionate exhortations people, a thankful, humble and religious God from time to time gave his people, to nation, and that no private or national keep them stedfast in his faith and service; vices or neglect may prevent the Lord our and the denunciations he pronounced and God from being near unto us in all that we the judgments he inflicted for their apos- call upon him for, or obstruct the arrival tacies, form one body of proofs sufficient of those times, when nation shall no longer to satisfy every unprejudiced and consi- lift up sword against nation, neither shall derate mind, that Christianity is the scheme they learn war any more. and work of God, and that God's favour

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