the Alliance, contrary to the express orders of Doctor Franklin, and proceeding with her to America.

It was the intention of Captain Jones to have bro't out a large quantity of stores in the Ariel, which he had borrowed of Government for that purpose, under the convoy of the Alliance, which also could have taken in a considerable quantity; but this plan was frustrated by the malconduct of Landais as before mentioned, for which, and other malconduct he was on the 6! Day of Jan. 1781. sentenced by a court martial to be broke, and rendered incapable of serving in the American Navy for the future.

His conduct previous to his reassuming the Command of the Alliance and during the cruize or expedition to the North Seas, was not brought before the court martial, because Captain Jones, who had exhibited charges against him, to the Admiralty Board was not present to support them, and to institute a prosecution against him, after a dismission from the service, hath been thought improper.

After this short digression, the Board proceed to report that the plan for bringing out the cloathing &.. being frustrated in manner aforesaid, Captain Jones endeavoured to obtain from the minister of the marine of France an additional Vessel for that purpose, and this failing applied for a larger Ship than the Ariel, requesting several Gentlemen of distinguished character, to back his application, but neither the one or the other could be effected. Things being in this situation he sailed from France with the articles of stores and dispatches mentioned in his answers. Unable to inform the Board with certainty what persons purchased the cloathing &° and who were charged with the shipping of it, he referred them for information to M.. Sam!. Wharton, to whom the Board have written on this subject. Their letter marked A. with his answer marked B accompany this report.

From M: Wharton's answer, and other corroborating letters and information, it appears that no money was furnished by the Court of France to the Minister Plenipotentiary of these States, or his Banker to enable him to procure cloathing.

That the French Court gave a Commission for that purpose to its own agent Monsieur Le Ray de Chaumont, and he either received the money, or was authorized to draw upon the Treasury of France for payment thereof. That M: Jonathan Williams of Nantes was employed by him to buy it. That at L'Orient Mess? Gourlade & Moylan are Monsieur Chaumont's agents for shipping the cloathing and military stores, and that they as well as M: Williams act wholly by orders from him.

Captain Jones was asked by the Board after he had given in his answers to their questions, whether he heard any thing respecting the hiring of a ship to bring out the cloathing &. after his return in the Ariel to L'Orient. His answer was “after my return I heard of M* Chaumont's hiring a ship called the Marquis de La Fayette for that purpose. I do not know when she would come out; she was at Bourdeaux when I sailed.”

A quantity of public cloathing purchased by M: John Ross, and not part of that procured in consequence of the application made by the Honorable Congress to his Most Christian Majesty, was with some private property shipped by him on board the Brigantine Luke, which sailed under convoy of the Ariel, and was forced back to France by the same storm, in which she was dismasted. This Brigantine sailed the second time about the last of October without convoy and was taken. The Ariel sailed the 18 of December after waiting ten or twelve days for the dispatches. How it came to pass that the public property was thus hazarded and lost when by detaining the Brigantine about a month she might have been convoyed by the Ariel, we leave to M: Moylan the owner of said Brigantine to explain. It is not our business to criminate. It is our duty to Report facts. Captain Jones hath declared to the Board, that neither Gourlade or Moylan ever spake to him respecting the Luke's sailing under convoy of the Ariel after her return to L'Orient.

With regard to the conduct of Captain Jones, the Board beg leave to report, that the views of the Marine Committee in sending Capt. Jones and his views in going in the Ranger to France were, that he might take the command of the Indian a Ship that was building in Amsterdam on a new construction under a contract made by the Commissioners of these States at Paris and with her in concert with the Ranger, annoy the trade and coasts of Great Britain. When he arrived at Nantes, the Commissioners sent for him to Paris; after remaining there some time he was informed, that they had assigned their property in the Ship Indian to the King of France.

Captain Jones returned to Nantes; plans and undertakes a secret expedition in the Ranger. His designs and success appear at large in his answer to the 2.. Question. He leaves the Ranger at the instance of the Court of France, to take the command of the Indian. He is disappointed and takes the command of the Bon Homme Richard, the property of the King, and of a squadron at the expence of the Crown of France under the Commission and flag of the United States of America. The Alliance was made part of the said squadron, and put under orders by D: Franklin. This Squadron was at

first committed to his discretion, and he had a variety of objects in view. His first, second, and last objects are pointed out in his answer to the 12th question. The orders which he received in Europe will best explain the objects of the Court of France, and of the American Minister at that Court.

His success in the expedition with the squadron from L'Orient round the West of Ireland, North of Scotland, and East of England to the Texel appeared in a particular account thereof transmitted by Captain Jones to the President of Congress, and is one of the papers herewith presented.

That ever since Captain Jones first became an officer in the Navy of these States, he hath shown an unremitted attention in planning and executing enterprizes calculated to promote the essential interest of our glorious cause. That in Europe, although in his expedition through the Irish Channel in the Ranger he did not fully accomplish his purpose yet he made the Enemy feel, that it is in the power of a small squadron under a brave and enterprizing Commander to retaliate the conflagration of our defenceless Towns, and took the Drake, a Ship in number of Guns and Men superior to the Ranger which she was sent out to capture. That by his reputation and address, he obtained the Command of a Squadron under the Flag and Laws of these States, at the expence of our generous allies, and therewith captured the Serapis, and Scarborough, spreading universal alarm through the Island of Great Britain, and its dependencies. That in his expedition with that squadron, he made a number of prisoners' sufficient to redeem all our fellow citizens in British Dungeons, and established a Cartel for their exchange.

That he hath made the Flag of America respectable among the Flags of other nations. That returning from Europe he brought with him the esteem of the greatest and best friends of America, and hath received from the illustrious Monarch of France, that reward of warlike virtue which his subjects obtain by a long series of faithful services or uncommon merit.

The Board are of opinion that the conduct of Capt: John Paul Jones merits particular attention, and some distinguishing mark of approbation from the United States in Congress assembled. Signed by order of the Board


March 28th 1781.1 Adjourned to 10 o'Clock to Morrow. 1 This

is in the Papers of the Continental Congress, No. 37, folio 363.


A memorial of Captain Le Vacher de St. Marie was read:1

Ordered, That it be referred to the Board of War to take order for three months' pay, the resolution of the 4 January notwithstanding.

A letter, of 24, from Doctor W. Burnet, was read, signifying his acceptance of the office of chief physician and surgeon of the hospital.

A report from the Board of Treasury on the letter of John Lawrence, treasurer to the State of Connecticut, was read; Whereupon,

TREASURY OFFICE, March 26", 1781. The Board of Treasury on the letter of John Lawrence, Treasurer to the State of Connecticut and late commissioner of the loan office in the said State, accompanied with a letter of the same date from his Excellency Governor Trumbull to them referred, beg leave to report,

Ordered, That the treasurer of the United States be directed by the Board of Treasury to draw an order on the said John Lawrence, treasurer aforesaid, in favour of Ephraim Blaine, commissary general of purchases, for the sum of one million of dollars, in part discharge of a warrant drawn in his favour by the President of Congress on the said Lawrence, as treasurer to the State aforesaid, for one million three hundred and twenty-nine thousand one hundred and fifty dollars, dated the 1st day of July last, which is to be substituted in place of a warrant to be returned and cancelled at the treasury, drawn by the President of Congress on the said J. Lawrence, as commissioner of the loan office in the State aforesaid, dated the 24th of January, 1780, in favour

1 This memorial, dated March 28, 1781, is in the Papers of the Continental Congress, No. 78, XVI, folio 163.

2 This letter is in the Papers of the Continental Congress, No. 78, IV. folio 153.

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of the said E. Blaine, and hath been paid out of the monies raised in the said State for the use of the United States.

On a farther report from the Board of Treasury on the letter, of 13 instant, from J. Pierce, paymaster general:

Ordered, That for the discharge of the pay and subsistance due to the main army on the estimate exhibited by the said J. Pierce, of the 11 December last, John Lawrence, treasurer to the State of Connecticut, be and he hereby is authorized and directed to pay to the order of the aforesaid John Pierce, paymaster general, eight hundred forty-four thousand eight hundred and thirty-six dollars, the residue of a warrant drawn on him by the President of Congress for eight hundred and sixty-four thousand eight hundred and thirty-six dollars, in favour of Colonel Palfrey, late paymaster general, assigned by him to Thomas Reed, deputy paymaster general, for the pay of the army, dated 17 April, 1780, and for which he hath given his promissory note on taking up the aforesaid warrant, as appears by his letter, of the 31 January last, to the Board of Treasury;

That the treasurer of the United States be directed by the Board of Treasury to draw an order on Henry Gardner, treasurer to the State of Massachusetts, in favour of John Pierce, paymaster general, for the sum of two million two hundred and eighty-one thousand nine hundred and fortyfour dollars old emissions, payable out of the monies due on the quotas raised by the said State for the use of the United States, for which said sums, amounting to three millions one hundred and twenty-six thousand seven hundred and eighty dollars old emissions, the said paymaster general is to be accountable.

The board on the memorial of John Lloyd transmitted to Congress in his Letter of the 28th of February last, beg leave to report

That they have already reported at two several times upon the case of Mr Lloyd vizt on the 23d of March 1780 and on the 2d of January 1781; to which they beg leave to refer: and they are of opinion

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