Comparative Indo-European Linguistics: An Introduction
J. Benjamins Pub., 1995 - 376 sider
The book gives a comprehensive introduction to Comparative Indo-European Linguistics, the first to appear in English. It starts with a presentation of the languages of the family (from English and the other Germanic languages, the Celtic and Slavic languages, Latin, Greek and Sanskrit through Armenian and Albanian) and a discussion of the culture and origin of the Indo-Europeans, the speakers of the Indo-European proto-language, who are considered to have lived in what is today the Ukraine.The book gives an introduction into the nature of language change and the methods of reconstruction of older language stages, with many examples (from the Indo-European languages). A full description is given of the sound changes, which makes it possible to follow the origin of the different Indo-European languages step by step. This is followed by a discussion of the development of all the morphological categories of Proto-Indo-European.
The book presents the latest in scholarly insights, like the laryngeal and glottalic theory, the accentuation, the ablaut patterns, and these are systematically integrated into the treatment.
While the book presents a large amount of material and discusses many principles and the relevant terminology, it is written in a very readable and lucid style. Use of the book is facilitated by an appendix on phonetics, a glossary, full indexes, and an extensive bibliography. The book can be used as a first introduction to the field, and at the same time brings the reader to the current moment of research.
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We have already seen that the s - aorist Gr . é - lū - s - a has a restored - s - ,
because s between vowels disappeared . Here two possible explanations
present themselves : the s indeed disappeared ( for a time , at least , from the
whole area in ...
In Greek this still exists , in Latin the aorist has disappeared because it merged
with the perfect . That the aorist and the perfect merged can be seen in the forms :
vīdī “ I have seen ' < * uoid - hze - i is an old perfect , cf . Gr . oīd - a ; dixī “ I have ...
We have already seen that most languages developed prepositions , that is to
say , constructions with a preposition where before a single form was sufficient .
In tóks ' ómoisin ékhon ' with the bow over the shoulders ' ( Iliad A 45 ) , the dative
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Beekes presents an interesting, if in some places controversial, overview of the Indo-European languages and their comparative grammar. The book is divided into two parts. The first part deals with a ... Les hele vurderingen
The IndoEuropean Family of Languages
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