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lose by revolution and civil war! What poli. strength and additional security. It is said, tical preferment awaits us as a compensation for with us, to be unattainable. If it was once seeming what we are not! What act have we formed it would maintain itself. All communi done which has shown our attachment to prin- ties divide themselves into the few and the maciple is vaccilating or ambidextrous? Show us ny. The first are the rich and well-born; the the anti-tariff measure we have opposed, or the other the mass of the people. The voice of anti-tariff man that we have turned from and the people has been said to be the voice of abandoned.

God; and however generally this maxim has Let us see how far the honest men, the pa. been quoted and believed, it is not true in fact. triots, the judicious tariff men, differ with high The people are turbulent--they seldom judge pressure tariff men. The treasury report on or determine right. Give, therefore, the first this subject is nearly identical with the resolu. class a distinct and permanent share in the go. tions of the Senator from Kentucky; it proposés vernment; they will check the unsteadiness of to keep on the duties on all, which are called the second, as they cannot receive any advanı the protected articles. The political compruollage by the change, they, therefore, will ever mising parly, with which the Senator from New maintain a good government." Hampshire acts, constitutes the head of the ta This is the language of the great Corypheus riff column of attack. If there be a wish to of the protective policy. The tariff laws are meet on middle ground, let the friends of pro- the foundation, in fact, of the British system, tection advance to the centre; I for one will on which the "rich and well-born" will mount not stickle for a hairbreath on this questivn. and rule the honest yeomanry of this country. All we desire is justice, equality, and uniformi. The Senator from Kentucky, in his zeal to ty in the regulation of the tariff, so as to meet bear down the free trade, with less than his the expenditures of the civil list, and just usual magnanimity, has assailed the learned eu. wants of the government.

Thor of the Free Trade Memorial. He has told The Senator from Kentucky has animadvert. him to go home to Europe and inculcate bis upon the conduct of the Presiderit pro tem., principles

. The same causes, which made him the Senator froia Miryland, on account of bis seek refuge in this land of freedom, still open not constituting the Committee on Internal imo rate to keep him here. He has been an Ame• provements favorable to increased expenditures rican citizen longer than I have; he has done in that branch. While he censures for this, he his country some little service, and has been does not give the Honorable Senator credit for abiy sustained on this four. And let me tell creating the Committee on Finance and Manu- the Senator one thing: if that individual were facturing Committee, or making the Manufac- a member of this Senate, he would defend him. luring Committee thoroughly what it purports self from the imputations thus heaped upon to be. He is as severe with the President pro him, with the sparkling eye of genius, and the tem. as Junius was with the Duke of Grafton; cutting sarcasm of a tongue, as skilled in de. he is not willing to admit that he can do righi bale, as powerful in advocating the cause of by accident. li is obvious that the American truth. I was the more surprised to hear the System pariy want the whole game in their denunciations of this gentleman, since, at the own hand: they are not willing to surrender Free Trade Convention, he was looked upon anything

with some je lousy, for his supposed political The friends of high taxes and the British re- partiality to the Senatur from Kentucky. We strictive system feel the full force of the breact live in strange times, and seem to be acting the made in the symmetry of their policy, by the Mid-summer-night's Dream-those we yoo payment of the national lebt. If we were in turn from us, and those who woo us, we turn debt as much as Great Britain, no question from. would arise about the constitutionality of the The gentleman is not backward in retaining

The forcing power could then be apa foreigners in his ranks. I will not say to y. plied to any extent. This difference is not sut. Cary, "go home.I am willing that he may ficiently marked by those wbo look to the po- remain and slied any light he may possess, ha licy of Great Britain as an example to be folo favor of the principles he thinks right in the lowed.

eulogy which the Senator from Kentucky proProhibitory dulies are but parts of one en- nounced on the foreign emigrants to this could tire whole-aristocracy, monopoly, debt. The try, he omitted to no ice ihe Scotch. This wealth of the few, and the poverty of the ma. might have been considered accidental, but ny, make up the British system; and this is for the thrust he made at the Scotch merchant, held up to vis, as an ex»mple to follow, by the in another part of his argument. They are, bi American System champions.

some means or other, put down as the friends Great reliance in this debate is placed on the of free trade,, and consequently denounced

. opinions and reports of Alexander Hamilton. Now the truth is, we have not in the conntry Let us hear what he says of the propriety of more industrivus, moral, and worthy class or adopting the British sys em:

people than the Scotch. Of those engaged in He says, "I believe the British Government agriculture, they are temperate, untiring, and forms the best model the world ever produced; intelligent; und will use convert to use and and such has been its progress, in the minds of subsistence, & portion of our lands, many, that this truth gradually gains ground. Would otherwise rămain a wild xud yaste wil

. This government has for its object public derneki.



How does it happen, that the Scotch mer- such is not the case now. While our old men chant comes in for so large a share of the Seand women, and little children, rested in safebator's vengeance against free trade? Is it be. Ty by day, and in security by night, in defiance cause his habits, his intelligence, his honesty, of southern interest and southern feelings, the and fair dealing, elevate him in the commercial sentinel on the wall, with unequalled perfidy, world above the surrounding competitors? 18 recreant and traitorous, turned his fire upon his it because the merchant from old England, and own people, and, as far as he could, spread the merchant from New England, flourish not desolation in his own camp. He is the surviin the vicinity, but are banisher, blighted, and vor of Nat Turner, and the confederate of withered by Scotch industry, and Scotch saga Lundy and Gai rison. city; or is it because cotron.bagging is made in I trust the Senator from New Jersey will not Inverness and Dundee? Sir, no nation stands insist that we are rallying at his call-spare us higher than Scotland for the production of from this last disgrace, the enlistment under great men, nor for the additions which have such a leader. After all, this call to arms, probeen made to arts and sciences, and to the in-perly understood, means nothing; it is but the provements of society, moral or intellectual. galvanic artificial spasm of a lifeless toad. It is will not detract from the Gaelic character, nor not animated by one pure principle of patriot. irreverently speak of a people who boast of such ism or public virtue. It is the hollow liearied, country men as Bruce, Burns, and Brougham. spiritless, hypocritical echo of a press prostituto

The Sonalor from Kentucky' has been kind ed to power, and the servile follower of men. and respectful to South Carolina, while he re Has the Senator forgotten the bold and warprobated her principles, and made war upon like eloquence of Sempronious? My voice her friends. He will pardon me for telling is still for war! Gods, can a Roman Senate him what the people of that State think of the lung debate?" when he had Cæsar's commis rival western candidates, for the first honors of siun in his pocket. the country. They think the Senator from Let me tell those who have union so much Kentucky is a "whole hog" tariff man; and that on the tongue and thrift at heart, that if the General Jackson is not much of a tariff man. union perishes, it will be their fault. I have Their principles form their associations; and in my hand a letter, purporting to be a circular, the present ulira notions of the Senator from addressed to the postmasters in the suuth, asKentucky, upon matters of constitutional law, erring that slavery must be abolished, or the and public policy, piace an impassable gulf union dissolved. Intelligent and honorable between them and him. We honor him for his men are not responsible for such sentiments, eloquence-for his early opposition to federal but they are permitted to escape from the in encruachiments-particularly his opposition to cendiary or fanatic with impunity; the press the incorporation of the United Siales Bank. Supon neutral ground is permitted to shoot its We value his services during the late war, (rockets and inflammatory matter into our towns, when he stood forth be champion of his coun- and upon our mansions; and those whose duty it "ery against a bold and talented minority. We is to repress the nuisance, make no effort 10 do so are grateful to him and his associates, for their The following observations, taken from a success in procuring an honorable peace-fur/pamphlet laid on our tables, muy be taken as a his present principles, and his present policy, token from our nor: hern friends of their love we praise him not.

for us, and ihe value they set on the Union: Among other animadversions upon the tem

. The abolition of slavery would, theref re, per manifested in the South, the Senator from make from our southern brethren only whut does New Jersry has read a piece from a southern not now belong to them. This is already ac. paper, headed " A call to arms." Upon being knowledged by not a few of themselves; and I asked for his authority, it turns out to be from am confident that many more, pecuniary the Richmond Enquirer. And this is quoted circuinstances would be most affected by the 10 tis in such a way as to induce a belief that change, will be the first to acquiesce in it, when the people were even now falling into ranks, they siall be brought to realize the enormous to oppuse by force the Government, and, uf wickedness of the present system. course, it coull be no other people than th

" It cannot be denied, that, in some instan. hot-beaded nullification party. Sir, the Sena- ces, the emancipation of the blacks may turn tor from New Jersey un lerstands the Richmond the abodes of wealth into the babira juns of Enquirer, on some points; and I am surprised, want. Such reverses of fortune, however, are that he should seeni disposed to bold the South occasioned, probably, to as great an extent, by responsible for the belligerent call of Thomus new laws arresting or turning the carcer of

commerce, or our 'noneyed institutions." There was a tiine when, whatever appeared

This is a specimen of ihe care which a consoin that paper, (one of the most influential and li-lated government would take of our properwidely circulated papers in the southern Comiy, and the restless temper of those who are try, Snight be considered as indicating the tem. preaching peace, while they are spreading fire per of the south. That time has gone by. brands and war. We were wont lo luk ipon Richmond as the Sir, I consider it one of the duties of the West Point - the strong post on our fruntier younger members of society to pay respect to bointed by the Enquirer, under whose bat e. fine elder. One of the finest specimens of this ny we reposed with safety and security. But moral feeling I ever witnessed, was the recep


tion given by the Free Trade Convention, to tucky admits the claims of the south. He ad. the Chief Justice; he was invited to take his mits the force of the old common maxim, seat within the bar. When he came in, with “melior est conditio possidentis," "better is the out any previous concert, the whole as embly condition of the occupant.” He admits, that by one common impulse rose to receive him government ought not to divest the rights of This was the unsought homage, which a corofthe citizen to that which they are in possession rect moral sense paid to the social virtues, of; and by mere power change the condition of splendid talents, and distinguished services of men without any motive but favoritism. In a this illustajous personage. Our association with word, he admits, that the south is prescribed by the Senator from Mary land ought not to lessen the same rule ihat the innocent unoffending our respect for his age and his public services. incumbent in office has been; and that the same

I regret that so much warmth was elicited in moral code, wtich reforms the bread out of the this debate between the Senators from Ken- mouths of A's children into the mouths of B's tucky and Maryland. I regret it, as an evj. children is applied to reform the money out of dence of excitement incident to this debate. I the pocket of southern owners, into the pocket regret it, moreover, because the Senator from of northern owners. Maryland, with much apparent good feeling, The only difference which seems to be reappealed to the hardened will of the majority, cognised in the just similitude, is, that one to relax this system in favor of the South. And class of the wrong doers prowl at night, come let me ask in sorrow, rather than in anger, how forth from “fen and forest," to fatten on the was this appeal responded to The Senator spoil of others, wbile, by the other class, the from Kentucky answers to thix by saying the mischief is done in open day with open force. Senator from Maryland is a component part of and has it come to this, that in the face of the a political majoriry.

Senate, he who moves upon his victim under " The friends of the American System have color of darkness, in the "silent night, when been reminded, by the honorable gentleman screech owls cry and ban-bun dogs howl, when from Maryland, (General SMITA,) that they are spirits walk and ghosts break up their graves," the majority, and he has admonished them to is to be reproached with his misdeeds as a pal. exercise their power in moderation. The ma- liation for the daylight invasion of property by jority ouglit never to trample upon the feelings the majrity whi sustain the t'ariff! or violate the just rights of the mino ity. They Sir, I concur entirely in the tribute of respect ought never to triumph over the fallen, nor to paid by the cloquent Senator from Virginia

, make any but a temperate and equitable use of (Mr. T.,) to the Senator from Kentucky. lace their power. But these counsels come with an knowledge the power of kis eloquence, the ill grace from the gentleman from Maryland. fascination of his manners, the influence he has He, too, is a member of a mujority-a political had, has now, and always will have in any delimajority. And how has the administration of berative or legislative assembly. He should rethat majority exercised their power in this member that those requirements should be used country Recall to your recollection the fourth for the good of his country; from him to whom of March, 1829, when the larik, lean, famishes much is given, much is expected. But few forms, from fen and forest, and the four quar men arrive at the point which enables them to ters of the Union, gathered together in all the do what is right without looking back; there halls of patronage; or stealing, by evening's are but few statesmen who have strength enough twilight, into the apartments of the President's to do a great national good, or secuncile a dis mansion, cried out, with ghastly faces, and in cord ont interest-let him imitate a younger; but sepulchral tones: Give us bread! Give us trea- not less talented man, the Chairman of the Comsury pap! Give us cur reward! England's bard mittee of Ways and Means in the other House, was mistaken; ghosts will sometimes come, who, agvinst public sentiment at home, sụstains called or uncalled. Go to the families who the United States Bink. He owes it to his were driven front their employments on which fame, io reconcile conflicting interest on this they were dependent for their sub-istence, in su'vject. Let it not be said that he who poured consequence of their exercise of the dearest oil upon the waters on the Missouri question, right of freemen. Go to the mothers, whils: made them agtin turbid on the tariff. hugging to their bogoms their starving children, Let him sive the south from desperation, Go to the fathers, who, after being disqualified, and history will do jiistice to his memory; and by long service, for any other business, were posterity, grateful posterity inscribe, ob strippeil of their humile places, and then luis tomb, “Here rests the man who loved bis sought by the minions of authority, to be strip country more than himself.” of all that was left them their good names I am admonished by the time I have consum and ask, what mercy was shown them? As fored, to bring my observations to a close. The myself, born in the midst of the revolution, the good and the evil are set before us: having the Brst air that I ever breathed on my native soil power to do gooil, we have also the power to of Virginia, having been that of liberty and in. do evil. Although the punishment may not be dependence, I never expected justice, nor den so certain

and so speetly ws that which followed sired mercy at their hands, and scom the wrath, the violation of constitutional law by our first and defy the oppression of power."

parents, yet the etern. purpose of justice will What is the moral to be deduced from this he executed on that government which tranh reply. It is this, that the Senator from Ken- cends its powers and oppressen iis people.


Vol. V................$2.50 PER ANNUM..... BY DUFF GREEN.' ..........No. 5.

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The following official denunciation of both/ And upon whom should rest the responsibility, Houses of Congress appeared in the Globe of if Congress have done nothing? Who does not the 2 ith ult. :

know that the partisans of the administration "They have filled both branches of Congress have acted with Mr. Clay and his friends, on with unbecoming altercations, and have sunk the pension and tariff bills? It will be remem. the dignity of the National Assembly by mak-bered that Mr. Tazewell sail the project pre. ing it the general reservoir for all the calum sented by Mr. Wilkins was had, ihat hy Mr. nies generated by party malignity. It is no Clay worse, and that by Mr. Marcy worst of all! longer a deliberative and legislative body Whose fault, then, is it that more lias not been It appears somewhat like a court of scandal, in clone? But it is not true that Congress have done which libels of all sorts are uttered and inqui. nothing. We call upon those who are best acred into, and where all breaches of the peace quainted with the deliberations of Congress to arising thereupon are to be made cognizable bear witness that, at no previous session, has and punishable."

either House been more engaged in the dis. A conversation between the President and charge of its duties. In the House, there have a minister of the Gospel, in the presence of been five hundred and fifty-four bills reported; several other persons, relative to the arrest of two hundred and five bills passed, and sent to Houston

, in which the President is said to have the Senate; sixty-two bills from the House have denounced both Houses, so much in the lan. passed the Senate, and become laws; two bills guage of the Globe, has been for some days

from the House have passed the Senate, with past the subject of remark. The similarity of amendments,

and not yet became laws; fiftythe language used by the Globe and that attri- seven bills from the Senate bave been receiv. buted to the President, leaves no room to ed in the House; ten bills from the Senate have doubt that the article in the Globe is in confor. passed the House and become laws; three se. mity to his opinions, and its publication accep.

nate bills have passed the House, with amend table to him. Taken in this view, it raises. Tents, but not become laws; there have been question deserving the most serious attention of four hundred and fifty-one reports from comthe Amʻrican people.

mittees, of an interesting or important charac. To give more force to this assault upon Con.ter, which have been printed by order of the gress, the Globe sets out by saying,

* Look to Honse; and the committees have acted upon at the results of the present session of congress,

least one thousand memorials, and other sud. which has been sitting almost five months-jects, the reports upon which being, generally, what has been done ? No' a solitary bill of ge of an adverse character, have not been printed; neral interest has been passed."

there have been presented to the House three The great measures of the present session thousand one hundred and thirty petitions and have been the Bank, the Tariff

, and the Appur: memorials; there have been six hundred and tionment and Pension Bills. At the commence. I wenty-seven subjects of inquiry, raised on rement of the session, Mr. McLane, as he him- solutions adopted by the House; and there Self construed his conversation with a member have been about thirty resolutions of inquiry of Congress, asserted his ability to present a moved by memoers, but which have not been tariff bill which would be acceptable to all agreed to by the House. We will be borne parties. Why has he not done so ? He vut by the experience of the oldest members, was requested to do so ; and

has not, when we say that, at no previous session, have up to this day, handed in his project. -- members of Congress been more arduously en. Such a bill should have been prepared at the saged in their legisl tive du:ies. Treasury before the commencement of the

But, says the Globe, Congress" is no longer session. We know that Mr. Ingham, the late a deliberative and legislatire body: Secretary of the Treasury, had been, for a long some vhat like a court of scandil, in which libets time, earnestly engaged in preparing the de prof all sorts are uttered and inquired into, and tails of such a bill; and we do not hesitate to where all breaches of the peace asising thereupon, avow our belief that, but for his removal, we are to be nude cogn-zuble and punishable." would have greatly contributed to the adjust. This direct allusion to the proceeding now ment of this embarrassing question. With what before the House, is conclusive of the viewen. face, then, can the Globe, the organ of the tertajned by the Executive of the powers and Treasury and of the Ex-cutive, attempt to duty of the Congress rela:ive to assaulis upon throw upon Congress the responsibility of deaits members for words spoken in debate. The laying to act on the tariff? The Secretary of object cannot be misunderstood. It is to impair the Treasury, whose duty it was to prepare the standing of members of Congress as such, the bill, has failed to discharge his duty, and to counteract the influence which their and upon bim rests the responsibility.-upinions, and the proofs of fraud, and the malo

It appears

practices of the government, developed by Con- self, put an end to the power of Lewis, Ken. gress, will have on the public mind. It is a spe. dall, Hayward, and their associates, with that cies of the same bullying by which the politi- of their chieftain, the Kinderhook intriguer? cians of the Nashville school would hush the Can any man doubt, that at least two thirds of voice of truth. It is part of the plan to overawe this community abhor the present corrupt state the Congress of the United States, and to con. of things, and those who have brought the vert the representatives of a free people into country into it? and that there would not be the servile slaves of the creatures of a corrupt the slightest prospect of the continuance of and profligate administration. We have much their power, provided the honest of all sides more to say in relation to this subject; but we could unite against them, which they certainly rejoice to find the organ of corruption thus la. would do, if the country was not divided on boring in its vocalion-thus speaking in the the tariff and other questions connected with open day. The people will repel, wiih the in. it? This, the corrupt corps, who are in dignant scorn which it merits, ibis calumny up- possession of power, well know; and while on their representatives.

they have the audacity to charge others, with

exciting the present distraction, they would be The purchased press, headed by the Globe,

the very last to bring it to a termination-be

cause it would seal their doom. are striving to make an impression, that the Vice President has an interest in keeping up That they should exhibit an apparent anxiethe present distracted state of the couniry, and ty to adjust the tariff, is not at all surprising; with that view they charge him as being averse but when we reflect on the project to effect to the adjustment of the tariff question. Sever that object, presented by the Secretary of the was a charge more unfounded. Instead of being Treasury, at the commencement of the session, interested in keeping the ap unhappy divisions and the bill since reported by the Committee which now distract the country, every motive, of Manufactures in the House of Representa. personal, political, and patriotic, impels him in tives to enforce the present system, (and which a different direction. Instead of profiling by originuted in the Treasury Department,) a bill the present state of things, his prospect, as a more odious than the tariff of 1828, we cannot public man, hus been, and is more injuriously believe that a sincere desire to terminate the affected by it than any other prominent india present controversy, by a fair and honorable vidual in the country. We veniure to say, that ac'justment, which would bring down the du. there is no other public man wlio stanis higher lies to the proper revenue point-which would with the intelligent and patriotic portion, as do justice to all the parts, by equalizing the well as with the great bulk of the community, burden as nearly as may be, enters into the for private worth, public integrity and servi- views of those now in power. Under this im. ces, ihan the Vice President. Remove ihe pression, we predict that when the scheme of objection to him arising from the 'tariff, on the Secretary of the Treasury comes in, it will the part of the manufacturing States, and his be found to fail in all these particulars, by opinion on the ultimate constitutional remedy an adherence to which alone, any permanent in reference to the protective system, and we or satisfactory adjustment can take place. That venture to assert, that there is no other public instead of bringing down the revenue to the man against whom there are so few objections, as point that the economical and constitulional against Mr.Calhoun; and yet, in th face of these wants of the country require, it will be gradufacts, the corrupt organs of power dure to make ated at a rate exceeding that of all the preceed. the charge that he is opposed to the adjustment ing administrations, excluding the public debt; of the very question, the existence of which and that instead of equalizing the burdens, it alone stands in the way of his future advance will distribute the duties in a manner to act ment. To such absurdities are the partisans most unequally on the several portions of the of power and corruption driven, in order to country. We come to this conclusion, not ondestroy, if possible, ihe confidence of the peo. ly for the general reasons which bave been asple in the integrity and patriotism of the Vice signed, but from other indications. The Se. President.

cretary has been collecting'evidence, as we unThere are, it is true, those who do profit by Jerstand, in reference to the operations of the the present unhappy distraction of the country, tariff, and consulting with certain individuals on but it is neither Mr. Calhoun nor his friends. the same subject. We shall be greatly sur. As much as the satisfactory termination of the prised if he has consulted a single individual present state of things would advance their in connected wiib the great planung interest of terest, in the same proportion would it oppress the country, ur has collected a particle of testhose, wno by the most corrupt means, grow. Limony in reference to the manner in which it ing out of existing circumstances, have ob'ain. may be effected by his 'proposed adjustment. ed possession of power, and who can relain i1 The calcultation in that quarter is to rely, not no longer than the present corrupted and dis- upon its interest, but on the fidelity of faithful tracted state of things continues. Who does partisans, who, for some cause or other, take a not see that an adjustment of the conflicting in. ter deeper concern in the presidential questerests of the several sections of the country, fion than in the public harmony, or in the inwhich would bring the sound elements of the terest with which they are more particularly country together, would almust instantly, of it. connected.

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