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EDITORIAL. . .

THE TARIFF.

We publish, today, the report of the Secre tary of the Treasury, with the accompanying bill, on the subject of the tariff. The document was long since called for, and has been long expected, and will doubtless be read extensively, We have not time, at present, to give to the public our reflections on the project proposed by the Secretary, and must confine ourselves to a few remarks on its leading features. The header will see that, on many of the important articles,specific duties are still retained, so that it is difficult to say to what per cent. ad valorem, they would amount. On a slight exami mition, however, we would suppose the aver age duties on all the heavy protected articles, do not vary materially from the tariff of 1824. i. at least, considerably exceed those of 6. The minimum principle is yielded as to wool. lens, but retained as to certain descriptions of cotton goods. Cash duties are substituted for credit, a great and material change in pur sys. tem of imposts as established from the commencement of the Government, calculated to add very considerably to the nominal rate of duties as fixed in the proposed project, we would suppose not less than'six per cent. Another new principle is the tax upon auctions, of one and a half per cent. which must also be added to the nominal duties. This feature involves an important.principle, and to these we may add another feature involving princiPlo and consequences still more important. We mean the system of bounties to the *ipping interest, inserted under a pretence of drawback! These, with some change as to the *mount of valuation, constitute the peculiar features of the plan. The bill is to go into operation on the third of March, 1833, and is #. in its provisions, contemplating no urther reductions. 0ntesiewing its provisions, we conclude, on the whole, that the plan will not be unaccepta. * to the manufacturing interest. It makes * reductions, it is true, on the protected uticles, but it also contains new provisions, which cannot failto be highly acceptable to that interest, to which, if we add the almost entire ‘option from duties of the unprotected, and which acts as a bounty, to that extent, to the Pooled articles, the manufacturing interest Would be in a situation certainly not much less *itable than the present. We do not think * the project will be equally acceptable to the great opposing and tax-paying interest of

the country, judging from all the indications which we see in that quarter. Mr. Ritchie him. self, who certainly is much disposed to second the “Executive view,” as will be seen by an extract from the last Richmond Enquirer, considers twenty or twenty-five per cent. as the extreme rate of duty, and even that to be accom. panied with a provision for a gradual reduction of the duties down to the lowest revenue point. In this, we do not doubt, he speaks the language of the entire South. . As to the probable amount of revenue which the bill will give, it is difficult to speak with certainty. We would suppose, speaking conjecturally, that it cannot full short of sixteen or seventeen millions of dol. lars, the sum at which it is estimated under this project, and which, added to the public lands and bank dividends, would leave a permanent revenue of from eighteen to twenty millions of dollars, and leaving a surplus, at least, of seven millions—a sum sufficiently large, we fear, to divide, distract, and corrupt the whole country.

Mr. Ricthie says:

“The Executive report on the tariff is expected, we understand, in a few days. We trust that it will strongly recommend the propriety of ultimately cotting down the tariff to the necessary wants of the Government; repeal the tariff of ’28; reduce the duties on the 1st July to 20 or 25 per cent. as a beginning, and then go on gradually and certainly reduo. ing it lower and lower, until , we get down to the expenditure point; the elastic character of our enterprising countrymen accommodating it. self to this gradual but constant reduction. Upon these liberal principles the question may be settled—otherwise, ‘clouds and darkness lest upon it.” Rely on it, the northern manufacturers will rue their infatuation, if they do not yield this inuch to the just interests of the south. Suppose Congress to adjourn without doing some hing effectual.—South Carolina will nullify it almost en masse.—Not a man or musket from Virginia—not a man will dare to cross the Potomac. The south and southwest are deeply excited-Virginia may insist on a convention—and what then? The tariff stocks to the north will snap like pipe-stems.—Wesketch these things with a rapid pencil, but we fear they may be “the shadows of coming events” —unless the patriotism of the President and the wisdom of Congress should save us from them. There boathes not a man in the world who is more devoted to this Union than we are —we would cherish it in our hearts' core—we would save if we can-we would guard it against every possibility of shipwreck-every chance

of convulsion. What are Houston and Stan162

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UNITED STATES weekly TELEGRAPH

bery, even the Bank Report itself, to this great question? • Leather and prunella.’” Well, we have the Executixe report, and instead of a reduction of the duties on the 1st of July, it proposes a postponement until the 3d of March, 1833. Instead of coming to 20 or 25 per cent, now, and gradually and certainly reducing it lower and lower, until we get down to the expenditure point, we have a permanent system which, although it assumes from 20 to 30 per cent, on woollens by abolishing credit, and imposing a duty on auctions, fixes even these duties at a much higher rate, while for other articles the duties range much higher still. To this is to be added the minimums and bounties, and, as an accompanyment, a pension bill which, instead of reducing the revenue to the “expenditure point,” proposes to increase the expenditure on the revenue point, and yet, ‘Mr. Ritchie, (mark what we say,) who now says, that he is in favor of cutting down the ta. riff to the wants of the Government, will throw up his cap and huzza for the men who propose to purchase the acquiescence of the south by a reduction of the duty on negro cloth. We repeat, that, although this bill proposes the most unequal and oppressive taxes, that, although it is in direct violation of the principles which he himself has laid down, yet, will Mr. Ritchie use all his influence to laud its advocates, and to denounce its opponents. But we thank him for being thus explicit. We put his wishes on record, and we will mark the recreant traitor who, to use the eloquent language of Governor Miller, “with unequalled perfidy, recreant and traitor us, turned his fire upon his own people, and, as far as he could, spread de. solation in his own camp.”

Fort THE UNITED states TELEGRAPH.

Governor Poindexter's letter to his constituents. The Globe charges Governor Poindexter with deserting the administration of Gen. Jackson, and thereby violating the known will of his consultuents, and his previous pledges to support it. Neither of these allegations can be sustained by evidence which would satisfy any unprejudiced mind; they are false in all their extent, mean. ing, and import. He has ever given, and will continue to give, the same support to the measures of this administration which he would give to those of any other administration,be the head of it his friend or his enemy. He claims only the humble pri ilege of thinking for himself, and acting inconformity with his own judgment, on every proposition involving the general welfare ci his country, and of resting his approval or disapprobation on the intelligent and enlightened patriotism of his constituents, and on the intrinsic merits of the measure itself, without reference to the quarter in which it originated. But the President does not pretend to complain of him on this score; the whole ou cry is limit. ed to nominations–nominations—nominations!! Do as you please with all great questions of national policy, which agitate the people of the Union, but, if you mean to remain in the Jack

son ranks, take care how you touch a nomination. We must be permitted to “reward friends and punish enemies” by a judicious dispensation of the loaves and fishes. This is the court language, and it runs throughout the article, dished up by Amos & Co., reviewink garbled extracts of the letter of the honorable Senator. He resis.ed the appointment of Hays, of Tennessee, to be surveyor of the public lands, and of Gwyn, from the Post Office Department, to be register of a land osfice in Mississippi; and though “last not least,” he caused the rejection of the President's pet, Martin Van Buren, to be minister at the court of St. James!! These are sins not to be for. given. We are gravely told that Hays was the nephew of Mrs. Jackson; that she had been consigned to the tomb, and that he was the only family connection for whom the “President sought to provide,” ergo, as he could be sent no where else with safety, Mr. Poindexter ought, as a real friend, to have received him with open arms, without regard to his qualifica. tions to superintend so important a branch of the public service, or to the honor and dignity of the State which he represented. The premises are too ridiculous for animadversion, and the conclusions are inconsistent with the obli. gations of public duty, and the fidelity of a Senator to the State which he represents; but the statement will serve to show the miserable subterfuges to which the President is compelled to resort to justify or excuse his hostility to a man having acknowledged claims onthat gratitude and respect. The declaration that this was the only “family connection for whom the President sought to provide,” is unfounded, In fact, General Coffee, of Alabama, and many others might be mentioned as “family connections for whom he has actually provided by the patronage of office. We advert to this merely to prove how totally regardless of verity are the pack of calumniators who speak in the name and by the authority of Gen. Jackson. But the Globe charges the Senator with insincerity, because he permitted this “family con|nection” to be sent to Mississippi as register of a land office. Can the President permit this allegation to be put forth without feeling some slight compunctions of conscience. He knows that this concession was made with the test motives and kindest feelings towards him. self personally, connected with a desire to procure the nomination of a competent person to the office of Surveyor General, to which Hays, an incompetent person, had been nominated. Does it become an honorable man to refer to an act done at his own instance and request, with a view to conciliation and harmony, as an evidence of duplicity on the part of him who made the concession! Surely it does not, and all will agree that the Chief Magistrste of a great and powerful nation ought to be an honorable man. It was hoped, and believed, at the time, that after the sense of the Senate was made known to the President, on the impropriety of

transferring citizens of one State to fill offices in

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another State, he would forbear to abuse his
owers by making a renewed effort to crowd
#. favorites from Tennessee into Mississippi.
This hope has been most signally disappointed,
for, of all the numerous agents appointed to
superintend the emigration of the Choctaw
Indians west of the Mississippi, not one has
been taken from the citizens of that State; and
we are informed, that Gwyn, the rejected
Register, is to be renominated, in compliance
with petitions signed by persons instigated by
the President himself in a letter addressed to a
popular preacher of the Methodist Society —
*Can these things be viewed with indifference
by any man who cherishes a proper respect for
the honor of his country, or the dignified de-
Portment which should distinguish the first
officer of the government? And yet the minions
of power, who infest the palace and dictate to
the President, apply the odious epithet of
"apostate” to the honorable Senator, because
he will not quietly submit to those outrages on
the rights of the people, who have honored him
with their confidence. The reference which
the Globe makes to the purloined recom.
mendation of a Midshipman, may well excite
surprise with those who are unacquainted with
the unblushing effrontery of the Editor and his
associates. A bare recital of the facts, fixes a
tigma on that Department injurious to the
high character of the Secretary and derogatory
to the great principle of official responsibility,
on which our free institutions are based. We
Put the case as we find it stated in the govern-
ment paper. , 1st, Letters on file in the Navy
Department, are handled and copied by some
unknown person, and forwarde', to a distant
Party newspaper, with comments; published
there for effect, and republished here as origi-
mal matter, for the combined purpose of casting
sensure on the Senator from Mississippi, and
framing an excuse for the antecedent acts of
the President on the subjects of appointments
in that State. 2d. The publication of these
papers, induced the Senator to ask Mr. Wood.
bury whether these copies were furnished by
his order, or with his knowledge? The answer
* these inquiries explicitly denies all part-
cipation in the transaction of the Secretary, or
any olerk in the Department!! We were
struck with this singular developement, and our
mind was instantly drawn to Amos Kendall,
whose business it is to “wash the dirty linen of
the Place,” as the individual who had com-
mitted this outrage on the sanctity of the De-
partment. The Globe, as in duty bound,
denies it, and calls for proofs. We, in
turn, demand to be informed by those who
have the custody of the records and papers of
the Navy Department, by whom were these
copies taken? It must be amply in the power
of some of them to give the answer; and, until
it is done, inevitable disgrace rests on those
officers, whether we regard it as a dereliction
of duty, or an inexcusable negligence in the
preservation of these records and papers.
The man who conmits a fraud, or who ran-
tacks the files of a bureau, is not so stupid as to

call witnesses to testify against himself. We can,
therefore, only rely on probabilities to support
our conclusions in this matter, leaving it to the
responsible agents of the government to inves-
tigate this transaction, which they alone
possess the means of detecting.
Every fact put forth in the Globe, from which
a discrepancy in the course of Mr. P. is at-
tempted to be shown, is prima facie false. The
rights of the people of Mississippi are not sur-
rendered, but expressly reserved in the reco-
mendation; for it was the duty of the Secretary
to examine the list of applicants, and, if one
had been found from that state, the privilege
accorded to Mr. May was no longer of any va.
lue to him. The official article also falsely states
(by authority, of course) that a son of the late
Senator Adams was not appointed a midshipman
in consequence of a surrender of the rights of
Mississippi. The name of this youth has not
been on the list of applicants for a midship-
man's warrant, as fully appears by the certifi-
cate of the registering clerk; and yet this bare-
faced falsehood is thrice repeated in the col-
umns of the Globe. But we cannot hope to in-
spire the conductors of that print with a respect
for truth, or the precepts of decorum. It has
an object to effect, which requires the use of
missiles not recognised in honorable warfare,
and, to accomplish it, all the ramparts of mo-
rality ano decency must be disregarded,and set
at nought.
So much of the article to which our atten.
tion has been drawn, as charges a coalition
between the Senator from Mississippi and Mr.
Calhoun to break down the administration of
Gen. Jackson, is a tissue of unfounded and ridi-
culous allegations, having neither the sanction
of truth, or of common sense, which we shall
take occasion to demonstrate, hereafter, to the
entire satisfaction of the public.
We have received the first number or the
Missouri Free Press, edited by John Steele.
it supports the re-election of General Jackson,
and carries under his head the name of R. M.
Johnson, for Vice President. It is openly the
advocate of “free trade and sailors' rights.”
It is, as far as we can judge, an ally of the
Globe. -

CONGRESIONAL

Satuapan, Arnil. 28.

In the Senate, yesterday Mr. SILssue asked and obtained leave of absence for his colleague, Mr. Wenston, for one week from Monday next. The resolution of Mr. FRELINhursery, respecting the purchase of Peale's portrait of General Washington, was, after *...*. amended so as to direct an inquiry into the expediency of the measure, adopted. The jount resolution of Mr. Poindexten, authorizing the President to employ a suitable artist to execute a full length statue of General Washington, was, after a short debate, read the second time and referred. Mr. Clar presented the petition of sundry citizens of Nelson county, Kentucky, praying that Congress, in the adjustment of the

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tariff, will not impair the protecting system.
A motion of Mr. Gaundr, to go into the con:
sideration of Executive business, was lost, ayes
18, noes 19. On motion of Mr. Foot, the Pen-
sion bill was taken up; the question being on the
motion to include in the provisions of the bill,tha
officers and soldiers who fought in the Indian
wars, during and growing out of the revolution."
Mr. Robinson moved to recommit the bill to
the Committee on Pensions, with instructions
so to amend it as to provide also for the officers
and soldiers above mentioned, and to give land
in lieu of money, in quantities not less than a
quarter section, nor more than two sections.
A debate then ensued, which lasted the re-
mainder of the day. Messrs. Foot, GRUNDr.
Bell, Hill, MANGUM, Bucks ER, White,
Cham B eas, Holm ks, Ewing. Bin B, and HArne,
severally addressed the Senate on the subject.
The Senate adjourned over to Monday.
In the House of Representatives, Mr. Polk,
after a few prefaratory remarks, moved to sus-
pend the rule, for the purpose of moving to re-
fer the apportionment bill, as amended by the
Senate, to a committee. The motion being
agreed to, Mr. Polic submitted a motion to
counmit the bill and amendments to a select coun-
mittee. A discussion ensued upon this propo.
sition, and Mr. ADAMs moved its postponement
till Monday. The motion, however, was nega-
tived, as also was one by Mr. L. Dict to
commit the bill to a Commi tee of the Whole
on une state of the Union; and the motion of
Mr. Polk was agreed to, with the addition of
an order for the printing of the bill as anend-
ed, together with the report of the Senate. Mr.
Boun inoved to suspend the rule, inorder to offer
a resolution fixing a definite period for the close
of the present session of Cougress, but the mo-
tion was negatived—ayes, 111; noes, 66-a
proposi.ion to suspend the rule requiring a vote
of two-thirds. The Speaken laid before the
House a letter from Francis S. Key, Esq. sta-
ting that he was unable, from indisposition, to
attend, to-day, as counsel on the trial of Mr.
Houston. On motion of Mr. Johnson, of
Tennessee, further proceedings on the trial
were postponed till to-morrow, at 11 o'clock.
The bill granung pensions to Johnson Rundlet,
Henry Tew, James Reynolds, and Jonathan
Reeves, soliters of the revolution, was read a
third ume and passed. The bill for the relief
of Richard P. Morris, returned from the Senate
with an amend ment, was ordered to a third
reading to-morrow, the amendment having been
previously concurred in. Mr. McDurris mo-
ved that the rule be suspended, for the pur
pose of taking up the general appropriation
bill. Mr. Whittless r, of Ohio, shortly stated
that it would be useless to act upon any more
private bills during the present ses ion, as there
were already more bills of that nature before
the Senate than could receive their acion. The
unfinished bills on the calendar would stand in
a better position next session, by remaining
wh re they now are, than by passing them and
sending them to the Senate. After some re-

ty of taking up the revolutionary pensions bill,
the question was taken, and the rule was sus.
pended, for the purpose of taking up both bills.
On motion of Mr. McDuffIE, the general ap-
propriation bill was then committed to a Com-
mittee of the Whole on the state of the Union
The House then went into a Committee of the
Whole on the state of the Union, Mr. Wick-
liffe in the chair. A long discussion took
place on the amendment of the Senate striking
out the appropriation of $9,000 for an outfit for
a minister to France. After the other amend-
ment had been disposed of, the committee rose
and reported the bill. The Speaken present-
ed to the House a communication from the
Secretary of the Treasury, with a report, and
the draft of a bill, on the subject of the tariff.
It was referred to the Committee on Mannsac-
tures, and ordered to be presented. Friday
next was, on the motion of Mr. DoDDainge, as
signed for the consideration of the District bu-
siness; and, at half past four o'clock, the House
adjourned.

Monpar, APRIL 30.

The Senate did not sit on Saturday.

In the House of Representatives, Mr. Donnmidge moved to suspend the rule for the purpose of offering a resolution for the appointment of a committee on the subject of changing the time of the next annual meeting of Congress, so that it shall meet at an earlier period. Mr. McCoy moved a call of the House, which was negatived. Mr. Tarlon called for the yeas and yeas, which being ordered and taken, the proposition was negatived, ayes 83, noes 51, it requiring two thirds to suspend a rule of the House. The trial of Mr. Houston was further postponed till Monday, in consequence of the continued indisposition of Mr. Ker, his counsel. Mr. DANIEL, by consent, presented several petitions on the subject

States. ... Mr. CARson, from the Committee, on
Naval Affairs, reported unfavorably on the case
of Alexander Macdonald, of North Garolina.
The further consideration of the report in the
case of the collector of Wiscasset, was postpon’
ed till Monday. The resolution submitted on a
former day by Mr. An Ams, and laid on the table,
calling on the Secretary of State.to explain
why the Annual Calendar had not been com-
pleted as provided for by a resolution of a
previous Congress. Mr. An AMs said, that’as
the resolution had already produced the desir-
ed effect, he should move to lay it on the table
for the present. He knew from former experi-
ence, the reason of the delay which had occur-
red; it was not attributable to the Secretary,
but he wished the resolution to lie on the ta-
ble, where it would serve as memento to the
Clerk. Mr. Adams subsequeatly withdrew the
motion. Mr. Wickliffe expressed a wish that
the work had been as well printed as it was
bound. Mr. TArlon adverted to several ludi-
crous typographical errors which it contains.
Mr. Whitrlesey, of Ohio, moved to refer the

marks from Mr. Huasaub, urging the proprie

resolution to a select committee, which was

of the rechartering of the Bank of the United .

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agreed to, ayes 61, noes 59. The committee was ordered to consist of five members. The resolution submitted by Mr. Psance on the subject of the imprisonment of Dr. Howe, by the Prussian authorities in Berlin, was agreed to. The resolution introduced by Mr. Wilde, on the subject of the currency, was then taken up, and modified by that gentleman. Mr. Invis opposed the inquiry as Altogether inexpedient, particularly as the great question of the bank, which is shortly to be considered, involves the subject of it. He asked for the ayes and noes on the question of its adoption. Mr. VenPLANck moved an amendment to the resolution making silver a legal tender and providing for the receiving of gold of a certain weight and fineness in payment. Mr. Adams said, that it was merely a resolution of inquiry, and a portion of it referred to subjects entirely distinct from those embraced in the bank question The subject of gold or silver being made a legallendet, was of great importance, and inasmuch as he thought it ought to be investigated, he should vote for the adoption of the resolution, The hour having expired, the rule of the House, devoting Saturday to private business, was suspended on the motion of Mr. Hub band. The Revolutionary Pensions Bill was the next business in order, Mr. McDuffix moved to by it on the table, and the motion was agreed to. Ayes, 80, noes 74. The Heuse then took up the General Appropriation Bill. The amend. ment making an appropriation of $3,500 for ex. to services in the surveyor's office in Illinois, Missouri, and Arkansas, which was struck from to bill by the committee, being considered. Mr. Asauor, Mr. Wickliros, Mi. Sevign, Mr. Inwin, Mr. Duncas, Mr. Clar, and Mr. Hua****, opposed the report of the committee on **ubject, and urged the expediency of mak. "#"oppropriation in question. Upon a di. Winon, the House agreed with the report of the *ttee, Ayes 70, noes 51. At the sug&tion of Mr. McDuffix, all the amendments of the Senate to which the committee ha **d, were concurred in by the House. A Plate ensued on the vote of the committee, *greeing to the amendment of the S a te, striking out the appropriation of $9,000 for an "fit for olinister to France, and the question was ultimately decided in the affirmative, **ivision, ayes 102, noes 77. So the grant of $9,000, for in outfi for a minister to France,

**, reinstated in the bill. The House then, at halfpast five o'clock, adjourned.

Tuesnar, Mar 1.

In the Senate, yesterday, Mr. Smith, from the Committee on Finance, to which was resorted the resolution of the 30th March last, *ructing the committee to inquire into the opediency of abolishing the offices of 2d Au. ditor and 3d Comptroller, made a report the e o, which was read and ordered to be printed. The report is adverse to the objects of the reso. losion. The resolution submitted by Mr. King, directing an inquiry into the expediency of au.

of the 2 per cents, of the sales of public lands reserved for making roads in that State, was, after an amendment including the State of Mississippi, moved by Mr. Ellis, considered and agreed to. Mr. Ki Ng, from the Committee on Public Lands, made reports on several subjects that had been committed to that committee. On motion of Mr. Baows, 3,000 copies of the report of the Secretary of the Treasury on the subject of the tariff, together with the plan of a bill for the permanent regulation of the duties on imports, presented on Friday last, was ordered to be printed for the use of the Senate. The bill from the House making a donation of land to the Territory of Arkansas, to aid in the erection of a court-house and jail at Little Rock, the seat of government of that Territory, was read and ordered to a secend reading. At an early hour the Senate, on motion of Mr. SM1th, went into the consideration of Executive business, and continued sitting with closed doors until its adjournment. In the House of Representatives, petitions and memorials were presented by Messrs. Janvis and Evans, of Maine; Ingrasoll, of Conn.; BAmstow, of New York; DENNr, Dew ART, Honx, and MANN, of Pennsylvania; JEN1 rea, of Maryland; BAR born, of Virginia; RENcheh, of N. C.; Lecomprk and Lyon, of Kentucky, InviN, of Ohio; Mahdis, of Alabama; Seviga, of Arkansas. Mr. DoDDRInge moved a suspension of the rule, for the purpose of offering a resolution that the next meetipg of Congress should be on the first Monday in November next, instead of the first Monday in December, the period fixed by the Constitution. Mr. Wickliros said, it would be, perhaps, better to ascertain whether the present session would not continue until the opening, cf the next one, as appearances, at present, seemed to indicate. Mr. Dodd Rings expressed a hope that the gentleman was rather in jest than in earnest, in saying so. After which, at the call of Mr. Speight, the ayes and noes were taken on Mr. Dobual ng K’s proposition, when it was negatived-ayes, 74–noes, 66—a motion to suspend the rule requiring a vote of two-thirds. Resolutions were presented by Mr. JENI pen and Mr. White, of Florida, and referred to the appropriate committees. On motion of Mr. Hoax, modified at the suggestion of Mr. ADAMs, the memoral of the Philadelphia Free Trade Convention, together with the bill reported a from the Committee on Manufactures, was referred to a Committee of the Whole on the state of the Union. Mr. RENchen, from the Commit. tee on Claims, reported a bill for the relief of William Smith, which was read twice and com. initted. Mr. Hog AN, from the Committee on Claims, reported a bill for the relief of Richard Hardesty, which was read twice and commit. (ed. Mr. Buox noved to suspend he rule, in order to move for the printing of an additional number of copies of the report on the subject of the sale of the public lands, but the motion was negatived. The further proceedings in the

"fizing the payment,to the state of Aiabama,

case of the breach of privilege were suspended

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