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Vol. VI............. BY DUFF GREEN..$2.50 PER ANNUM................No. 6.

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the country, judging from all the indications

which we see in that quarter. Mr. Riichie him. THE TARIFF.

self, who certainly is much disposed to second

the “ Executive view," as will be seen by an We publish, to-day, the report of the Secre extract from the last Richmond Enquirer, contary of the Treasury, with the accompanying siders twenty or twenty-five per cent. as the ea. bill

, on the subject of the tariff. The docu-treme rate of duty, and even that to be accom. ment was long since called for, and has been panied mith a provision for a gradual reduction long expected, and will doubtless be read ex of the duties down to the lowest revenue point. tepsively.

In this, we do not doubt, he speaks the lanWe have not time, at present, to give to the guage of the entire South. As to the probable public our reflections on the project proposed amount of revenue which the bill will give, it is by the Secretary, and must confine ourselves difficult to speak with certainty. We would t) a few remarks on its leading features. The supp use, speaking conjecturally, that it cannot teader will see that, on many of the imporlanıfall short of sixteen or seventeen millions of dol. articles, specific duties are still retained, so that lars, the sum at which it is estimated under this it is difficult to say to what per cent. ad valo- project, and which, added to the public lands rem, they would amount. On a slight exami and bank dividends, would leave a permanent nation, however, we would suppose the aver revenue of from eighteen to twenty millio:is of age duties on all the heavy prutected articles, sollars, and leaving a surplus, at least, of seven do not vary materially from ihe turiff of 1824. millions-a sum sufficiently large, we fear, to They, at least, considerably exceed those of divide, distract, and corrupl the whole counlry. 1816.

The minimum principle is vielded as to wool. lens, but retained as to certain descriptions of

Mr. Ricthie says: cotton goods. Cash duties are substituted for “ The Executive report on the tariff is er. credit, a great and material change in our sys. pected, we understand, in a few days. We tem of imposts as established from the com. (trust that it will strongly recommend the mencement of the Government, calculated to propriety of ultimalely Cutting down the tarift add very considerably to the nominal rate of to the necessary wants of the Government; reduties as fixed in the proposed project, we peal the tariff of '28; reduce the duties on the would suppose not less than 'six per cent.

An- ist July to 20 or 25 per cent. as a beginning, other new principle is the tax upon auctions, and then go on gradually and certainly reduce of one and a half per cent. which' must also ing it lower and lower, until we get down to be added to the nominal duties. This feature the expenditure point; the elastic character of involves an important, principle, and to these our enterprising countrymen accommodating it we may add another feature involving princi- self to this gradual but constant reduction. ples and consequences still more important. Upon these liberal principles the question may We mean the system of BOUNTIES to the be settled otherwise, clouds and darkness shipping interest

, inserted under a pretence of i est upon it.' Rely on it, the northern manudrawback! These, with some change as to the facturers will rue their infatuation, if they do amount of valuation, constitute the peculiar not yield this rnuch to the just interests of the features of the plan. The bill is to go into south. Suppose Congress to adjourn without operation on the third of March, 1833, and is doing some hing effectual. --South Carolina will permanent in its provisions, contemplaring no nullify it almost en masse. Not a man or musfurther reductions.

ket frim Virginia--not a man will dare to cross On reviewing its previsions, we conclude, on the Potomac. The south and southwest are the whole, that the plan will not be unaccepta deeply excited--Virginia may insist on a conble to the manufacturing interest. It makes vention--and what then. The tariff stocks to some reductions, it is true, on the protecied the north will snap like pipe-stems. We sketch articles, but it al:o contains new provisions, these things with a rapid pencil, but we fear which cannot fail

to be highly acceptable to that they may be the shadows of coming events interest, to which, if we add the almost entire -unless the patriotism of the President and exemption from duties of the unprotected, and the wisdom of Congress should save us from which acts as a bounty, to that extent, to the them. There breathes not a man in the world prolected articles, the manufacturing interest who is more devoted to this Union than we are would be in a situation certainly not much less we would cherish it in our hearts' core-we desirable than the present. We do not think would save if we can--we would guard it against that the project will be equally accepłable to every possibility of shipwreck-every chance the great opposing and lux-paying interest of of culivulsion. What are Houston and Stan

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bery, even the Bank Report itself, to this great son ranks, take care how you touch a nominaquestion: •Leather and prunella.""

tion. We must be permitted to "reward Well, we have the Executixe report, and in friends and punish enemies” by a judicious disstead of a reduction of the duties on the 1st of pensation of the loaves and fishes. This is the July, it proposes a postponement until the 30 court language, and it runs throughout the of March, 1833. Instead of coming to 20 or article, dished up by Amos & Co., review25 per cent. now, and gradually and certainly ing garbled extracts of the letter of the reducing it lower and lower, until we get down honorable Senator. He resis:ed the appointto the expenditure point, we have a permanent ment of Hays, of Tennessee, to be surveyor of system which, although it assumes from 20 to the public lands, and of Gwyn, from the Post 30 per cent. on woollens by abolishing credit, Office Department, to be register of a land of and imposing a duty on auctions, fixes even fice in Mississippi; and though last not least," these duties at a much higher rate, while for be caused the rejection of the President's pet, other articles the duties range much higher Martin Van Buren, to be minister at the court still. To this is to be added the minimums and of St. James!! These are sins not to be forbounties, and, as an accompany ment, a pension given. We are gravely told that Hays was the bill which, instead of reducing ihe revenue to nephew of Mrs. Jackson; that she liad been the "expenditure point," proposes to increase consigned to the tomb, and that he was the on. the expenditure on the revenue point, and yet, ly family connection for whom the President Mr. Kiichie, (mark what we say,) who now sought to provide," ergo, as he could be sent says, that he is in favor of cutting down the ta no where else with safety, Mr. Poindexter riff to the wants of the Government, will throw ought, as a real friend, to have received him up his cap and buzza for the men who pro- with open arms, without regard to his qualificapose to purchase the acquiescence of the south livns to superintend so important a branch of by a reduction of the duty.on negro cloth. the public service, or to the honor and dignity We repeat, that, alihough this bili proposes of the State which he represented. The prethe most unequal and oppressive taxes, 'that, mises are too ridiculous for animadversion, and although it is in direct violation of the princi- the conclusions are inconsistent with the obli

. ples which he himself has laid down, yet, gations of public duty, and the fidelity of a Sewill Mr. Ritchie use all his influence to laud its nator to the State which he represents; but the advocates, and to denounce its opponents. But statement will serve to show the miserable We thank him for being thus explicit

. We put subterfuges to which the President is compell. his wishes on record, and we will mark the re-ed to resort to justify or excuse his hostility creant traitor who, to use the eloquent language to at man having acknowledged claims onthat of Governor Miller, "with unequalled perfidy, gratitude and respect. The declaration that recreant and traitor jus, turned his fire upon bis this was the only "family connection for whom Qu'n people, and, as far as he could, spread de. the President sought to provide,” is unfounded. solation in his own camp."

In fact, General Coffee, of Alabama, and many others might be mentioned as "family conneco

tions for whom he has actually provided by the Governor Poindexter's letter to his constituents. patronage of uffice. We advert to this merely

The Globe charges Guvernor Poindexler with to prove how totally regardless of verity are deserting the administration of Gen. Jackson, and the pack of calumniators who speak in the thereby violating the known will of his consti- name and by the authority of Gen. Jackson. tuents, and his previous pledges to support it. But the Globe charges the Senator with insinNeither of these allegations can be sustained by cerity, because be permitted this family conevidence which would satisfy any unprejudiceu nection” to be sent to Mississippi as register mind; they are false in all their extent, mean. of a land office. Can the President permit ing, and import.

this allegation to be put forth without feeling He has ever given, and will continue to give, some slight compunctions of conscience. He the same support to ihe measures of this admi- knows that this concession was made with the nistration which he would give to those of any best motives and kindest feelings towards him. other administratiun, be the head of it his friend self personally, connected with a desire to proor his enemy. He claims only the humble pri cure the nomination of a competent person to ilege of thinking for himself, and acting in the office of Surveyor General, to which Hays, conformity with his own judgment, on every an incompetent person, had been nominated. proposition involving the general welfare of Does it become an honorable man to refer to his country, and of resting his approval or dis. an act done at his own instance and request, approbation on the intelligent and enlightened with a view to conciliation and harmony, as an patriotism of his constituents, and on the in- evidence of duplicity on the part of him who trinsic merits of the measure itself, without re-made the concession! Surely it does not, and ference to the quarter in which it originaled. all will agree that the Chief Magistrste of a Bu! the President does not pretend to complain great and powerful nation ought to be an honoof him on this score; the whole ou cry is limit. rable man. ed to nominations-nominations-nominations!! It was hoped, and believed, at the time, Do as you please with all greal questions of na. that after the sense or the Senate was made tional policy, which agitate the people of the known to the President, on the impropriety of Union, but, if you mean to remain in the Jack-Jtransferring citizens of one State to fill offices in


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Every fact

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another State, he would forbear to abuse his call witnesses to testify against himself. Wecan,
powers by making a renewed effort to crowd therefore, only rely on probabilities to support
his favorites from Tennessee into Mississippi. our conclusions in this matter, leavir:g it to the
This hope has been most signally disappointed, responsible agents of the government to inve s.
for, of all the numerous agents appointed 10 friga!e this transaction, which they alone
superintend the emigration of the Choctaw possess the means of detecting.
Indians west of the Mississippi, not one has

put forth in the Giube, from which been taken from the citizens of that State; and a discrepancy in the course of Mr. P. is at. we are informed, that Gwyn, the rejected tempted to be shown, is prima facie false. The Register, is to be renominated, in compliance righış of the people of Mississippi are not sur. with petitions signed by persons instigated by rendered, but expressly reserved in the recothe President himself in a letter addressed to 'a mendation; for it was the duty of the Secretary popular preacher of the Methodist Society

to examine the list of applicants, and, if one Can these things be viewed with indifference thad been found from that State, the privilege by any man who cherishes a proper respect for accorded 10 Mr. May was no longer of any va. the honor of his country, or the dignified de- lue to bim. The official article also falsely states portment which should distinguish the first (by authority, of course) that a son of the late officer of the government? And yet the minions Senator Adams was not appointed a midshipman of power, who infest the palace and diciate to il consequence of a surrender of the rights of the President, apply the odious epithet of Mississippi. The name of this youth has not "apostate" to the honorable Senator, because been on the list of applicants for a midshiphe will not quietly submit to those outrages on man's warrant, as fully appears by the certifi. the rights or the people, who have honored him care of the registering clerk; and yet this bare. with their confidence. The reference which faced falsehood is thrice' repeated in the col. the Globe makes to the purloined recom. umns of the Globe. But we cannot hope to in. mendation of a Midshipman, may well excite spire the conductors of that print with a respect surprise with those who are unacquainted with for truth, or the precepts of decorum. It has the unblushing effrontery of the Editor and his an object to effect which requires the use of associates

. A bare recital of the facts, fixes a missiles not recognised in honorable warfare, stigma on that Department injurious to the land, to accomplish it, all the ramparts of mohigh character of the Secretary and derogatury rality an decency must be disregarded, and set to the great principle of official responsibility, at nought, on which our free institutions are based. We

So much of the article to which our atten. put the case as we find it stated in the govern

tion has been drawn, as charges a coalition ment paper. 1st. Letters on file in the Navy between the Senator from Slississippi and Mr. Department, are handled and copied by some Calhoun to break down the administration of unknown person, and forwarde's to a distant Gen. Jackson, is a lissue of unfounded and ridic party newspaper, with comments; published culous allegations, having neither the sanction there for effect, and re published here as origi- of truth, or of common sensu, which we shall nal matter, for the combined purpose of casting take occasion to demonstrate, hereafter

, to the censure on the Senator from Mississippi, and entire satisfaction of the public. framing an excuse for the antecedent acts of Missouri Free Press, edited by John Steele.

We have received the first number of the the President on the subjects of appointments in that State. 2d. The publication of these It supports the re-election of General Jackson. papers, induced the Senator to ask Mr. Wood and carries under his head the name of R. M. bury whether these copies were furnished by Johnson, for Vice Pres:dent. It is openly the bis order, or with his knowledge? The answer advocate of " free trade and svilors' righ:s." o these i. quiries explicitly denies all parti.

It is, as far as we can judge, an ally of the cipation in the transaction of the Secretary, or

Globe. any elerk in the Department!!

We were
struck with this singular developement, and our

mind was instantly drawn to Amos Kendall,
whose business it is to "wash the dirty linen ot

the Palace," as the individual who had com In the Senate, yesterday Mr. SILSBEE asked
mitted this outrage on the sanctity of the De. and obtained leave of absence for his colleague,
partment. The Globe, as in duty bound, Mr. WEBSTER, for one week from Monday
denies it, and cal s fur proofs. We, in next. The resolution of Mr. FRELINHUYSEX,
turn, demand to be intormed by those who respecting the purchase of Peale's portrait of
have the cistody of the records and papers of General Washington, was, after having been
the Navy Department, by whom were these amended so as to direct an inquiry into the ex-
copies taken? It must be amply in the power pediency of the measure, adopted. The jożnt
of some of them to give the answer; and, until resolution of Mr. PWINDEXTER, authoriz ng the
it is done, inevitable disgrace resis on those President to employ a suitable artist to execute
officers, whether we regard it as a dereliction a full length statue of General Washington,
of duty, or an inexcusable negligence in the was, after a short debate, read the second time
preservation of these records and papers.

and referred. Mr. Clar presented the petition The man who coinmits a fraud, or who ran- of sundry cilizens of Nels in county, Kentucky, sacks the files of a bureau, is not so stupid as to praying that Congress, in the adjustment of the

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tariff, will not impair the protecting system.(ty of taking up the revolutionary pensions bill,
A motion of Mr. GRUNDI, to go into the con the question was taken, and the rule was sus.
sideration of Executive business, was lost, ayes pended, for the purpose of taking up both bills.
18, nves 19. On motion of Mr. Foot, the Pen. On motion of Mr. McDuffie, the general ap-
sion bill was taken up; the question being on the propriation bill was then committed to a Com.
motion to include in the provisions of the bill,tha mittee of the Whole on the state of the Union
officers and soldiers who fought in the Indian The House then went into a Committee of the
Wals, during and growing out of the revolution. Whole on the state of the Union, Mr. Wick-
Mr. Robin on moved to recommit the bill to LIPFE in the chair. A long discussion took
the Committee on Pensions, with instructions place on the amendment of the Senate striking
so to amend it as to provide also for the officers out the appropriation of $9,000 for an outfit for
and soldiers above mentioned, and to give langa minister to France. After the other amend.
in lieu of money, in quantities not less than a ment had been disposed of, the committee rose
quarter section, nor more than two sections. Land reported the bill. The SPEAKER present.
A debate then ensued, which lasted the re-ed to the House a communication from the
mainder of the day. Messrs. Foot, Grundr, Secretary of the Treasury, with a report, and
Bell, Hill MANGUM, BUCKNER, WHITE, the draft of a bill, on the subject of the tariff.
CHAMBERS, HOLMES, EWING, BIBB, and Harne, It was referred to the Committee on Mannfac-
severally addressed the Senate on the subject. tures, and ordered to be presented. Friday
The Senale adjourned over to Monday. next was, on the motion of Mr. DODDRIDGE, as

In the House of Representatives, Mr. Polk, signed for the consideration of the District bu.
after a few prefaratory remarks, moved to sus- siness; and, at half past four o'clock, the House
pend the rule, for the purpose of moving to re-adjourned.
fer the apportionment bill, as amended by the
Senate, to a committee. The motion being

agreed to, Mr. Pore submitted a motion to The Senate did not sit on Saturday.
coinmit the bill and amendments to a select coin. In the House of Representatives, Mr. DoDD.

A discussion ensued upon this propo- ridge moved to suspend the rule for the pure sition, and Mr. Adams moved its postponement pose of offering a resolution for the appointtill Monday. The mution, however, was nega. ment of a committee on the subject of chang. tived, as also was one by Mr. L. Condict to ing the time of the next annual meeting of commit the bill to a Commi tee of the Whole Congress, so that it shall mect at an earlier peon the state of the Union; and the motion of riod. Mr. McCor moved a call of the House, Mr. Polk was agreed to, with the addition of which wa; negatived. Mr. Tarlon called for an order for the printing of the bill as amend- the yeas and yeas, which being ordered and ed, logether with the report of the Senatc. Mr. taken, the proposition was negatived, ayes Boon noved to suspend the rule, inorder to offer 83, noes 51, it requiring two thirls to susa resolution fixing a definite period for the close pend a rule of the House. The trial of Mr. of the present session of Cougress, but the mo. Houston was further postponed till Monday, in tion was negatived-ayes, 111; noes, 66-a consequence of the continued indisposition of proposirion :O suspend ihe rule requiring a vote Mr. Kær, his counsel. Mr. Daniel, by conof iwo.hirus. The Speaker laid before the sent, presented several petitions on the subject House a letter from Francis S. Key, Esq. sta- of the rechartering of the Bank of the United . ting shat he was unable, from indisposition, to States. Mr. Carson, from the Committee. on attend, to-day, as counsel on the trial of Mr. Naval Affairs, reported unfavorably on the case Houstui. Un motion of Mr. Jounson, of of Alexander Macdonald, of North Carolina. Tennessee, further proceedings on the trial The further consideration of the report in the were postponed till to-morrow, at 11 o'clock. case of the collector of Wiscasset, was postpon. The bill giarding pensions to Juhnson Rundlet, led vill Monday. The resolution submitted on a Henry Tew, James Reynolds, and Jonathan former day by Mr. Adams, and laid on the table, Reeves, soldiers of the revolution, was read a calling on the Secretary of State to explain third time and passed. The bill for the reliet why the Annual Calendar had not been comof Richard P'. Morris, returned from the Senate pleted as provided for by a resolution of a with an amend nent, was order«d to a thiri previous Congress. Mr. Adams said, that'as reading tu-morrow, the amendment having been the resolution had already produced the desirpreviously concurred in. Mr. McDorrie moed effect, he should move to lay it on the table ved that ille rule be suspended, for the pur for the present. He knew from former experipo-e of taking up the general appropriation ence, the reason of the delay which had occorbill. Mr. WHITTLESET, ut Ohio, sbortly stated red; it was not attributable to the Secretary, that it would be useless to act upon any more but he wished the resolution to lie on the ta. private bills during the present ses in, as there ble, where it would serve as memento to the were already more bills of that nature before Clerk. Mr. Adami sụbsequently withdrew the The Senaie inan could receive their ac ion. Toe motion. Mr. WICKLIFFE expressed a wish that unfinished bills on the calendar would stand he'work had been as well printed as it was a better position next session, by remaining bound. Mr. Tarlou adverted to several Judi. wh re they now are, than by passing them and crous typographical errors which it contains. sending them to the Senate. After some re- Mr. Wu TTLESET, of Ohio, moved to refer the marks from Mr. HUBBARD, urging the proprie- résolution to a select commitiee, which was

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agreed 10, ayes 61, noes 59. The committee of the 2 per cents. of the sales of public lands
was ordered to consist of five members. The reserved for making roads in that State, was,
resolution submitted by Mr. Psance on the after an amendment including the State of
subject of the imprisonment of Dr. Howe, by Mississippi, moved by Mr. Ellis, considered
the Prussian authorities in Berlin, was agreed and agreed to. Mr. King, from the Committee
to. The resolution introduced by Mr. Wilde on Public Lands, made reports on several sub-
on the subject of the currency, was then taken jects that had been committed to that commit-
up, and modified by that gentleman. Mr. lavin tee. On motion of Mr. Brown, 3,000 copies
opposed the inquiry as altogether inexpedient, of the report of the Secretary of the Treasury
particularly as the great question of the bank, on the subject of the tariff, together with the
which is shortly to be considered, involves the plan of a bill for the permanent regulation of
subject of it. He asked for the ayes and moes the duties on imports, presented on Friday last,
on the question of its adoption. Mr. Ver. was ordered to be printed for the use of the
PLANOK moved an amendment to the resolution Senate. The bill from the House making a
making silver a legal tender and providing for donation of land to the Territory of Arkansas,
the receiving of gold of a certain weight and to aid in the erection of a court-house and jail
fineness in payment. Mr. Adams said, that it at Little Rock, the seat of government of that
was merely a resolution of inquiry, and a por- Territory, was read and ordered to a secend
tion of it referred to subjects entirely distinct reading. At an early hour the Senate, on mo.
from those embraced in the bank question tion of Mr. SMITH, went into the consideration
The subject of gold or silver being made a le- of Executive business, and continued sitting
gal tender, was of great importance, and inas- with closed doors until its adjournment.
mach as he thought it ought to be investigated, In the House of Representatives, petitions
be should vote for the adoption of the resolu- and memorials were presented by Messrs. Jan.
tion. The bour having expired, the rule of the vis and Evans, of Maine; INGERSOLL., of Conn.;
House, devoting Saturday 10 private business, Barstow, of New York; DENNY, Dewart,
was suspended on the motion of Mr. HUBBARD. Hor, and Maxn, of Pennsy vania; JENIFER, of
The Revolutionary Pensions Bill was the next Maryland; Barborn, of Virginia; Rencuen, of
business in order. Mr. McDuffie moved to v. C.; LECOMPTE and Lyon, of Kentucky; IR-
lay it on the table, and the motion was agreed vin, of Ohio; Mardis, of Alabama; Sevier, of
to. Ayes, 80, noes 74. The House then took Arkansas.
up the General Appropriation Bill. The amend. Mr. DODDnIDGE moved a suspension of the
ment making an appropriation of $3,500 for ex. rule, for the purpose of offering a resolution
tra services in the Surveyor's Office in Illinois, hat the next meetipg of Congress should be on

, and Arkansas, which was struck from the first Monday in November next, instead of
the bill by the committee, being considereil. the first Monday. in December, the period fix-
Mr. Asalir, Mr. WACKLIPPE, Mr. SEVIER, Mr. ed by the Constitution.
Irvin, Mr. Duncan, Mr. Char, and Mr. lub-

Mr. Wickliffe said, it would be, perhaps, SARD, opposed the report of the committee on better to ascertain whether the present session mte subject, and urged the expediency of mak. would not continue until the opening of the ing the appropriation in question. Upon a di- next one, as appearances, at present, seemed to vision, the House agreed with the report of the indicate. Mr. DODDRIDGE expressed a hope committee. Ayes 70, noes 51. At the sug- that the gentleman was rather in jest than in gestion of Mr. McDuffie, all the amendments earnest, in saying so. Afier which, at the call of the Senate to which the commitee ha of Mr. Speight, the ayes and nues were taken agreed, were concurred in by the House. Alon Mr. Dunduidge's proposition, when it was paqate ensued on the vote of the committee, negatived-ayes, 74-noes,.66—a motion to disagreeing to the amendment of the Site, suspend the rule requiring a vote of two-thirds. striking out the appropriation of $9,000 for an Resolutions were presented by Mr. Jenifer and rutfit for Minister to France, and the ques. Mr. WHITE, of Florida, and referred to the aption was ultimately decided in the afërmative, propriate committees

. On motion of Mr. Hoax, Otaclivision, ayes 102, 10es 77. So the grani modified at the suggestion of Mr. Avams, the of $9,000, for an ouifi for a minister to France, memorial of the Philadelpliia Free Trade Conwas reinstated in the bill. The House then, ai vention, together with the bill reported, from half past five o'clock, adjourned.

the Committee on Manufactures, was referred

lo a Committee of the Whole on the state of TUESDAY, Mar 1.

tre Uniun. Mr. RENCHER, from the Commit.. In the Senate, yesterday, Mr. Smith, from tee on Claims, reported a bill for the relief of the Commitee on Finance, to which was re. William Smith, which was read twice and comferred the resolution of the 30tis March last, mitted. Mr. Hogan, from the Commitiee on instructing the com niitee to inquire into the Claims, reported a bill for the relief of Richard expediency of abolishing the offices of 20 Au. Hardesty, which was read twice and commitditor and 2d Comptroller, made a report the eled. Mr. Buon noved to suspend he rule, in on, which was read and ordered to be printed. order to move for the prin ing of an additional The report is adverse to the objects of i he reso. number of copies of the report on tie subject lution. The resolution submitted by Mr. King, of the sale of ihe public lands, but the motion directing an inquiry into the expediency of au was negatived. The further proceedings in the thorizing the payment to the State of Alabama, cuse of ine breach of privilege were suspended

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