« ForrigeFortsett »
till this day, in consequence of the continued
TEE TARIFF. indisposition of Mr. Key, the counsel of Gov. Houston. The House then resumed the consi.
REPORT OF THE deration of the general appropriation bill. Up-SECRETARY OF THE TREASURY, on the clause granting $12,000 for the printing of diplomatic documents of the period between
On the adjustment of the Tariff the treaty of 1783 and the year 1789, the ayes and nays were taken, and it was carried in the TREASURY DEPARTMENT, April 27, 1832. affirmative-ayes, 87-noes, 68. The amend. Sir: In obedience to two resolutions of the ment of the Senate appropriating $5,000 for a House of Representatives, of the 19th January, survey of the waters of Narragansett Bay, which 1832, directing the Secretary of the Treasury was rejected in committee, being considered, to collect information as to certain manufactures Mr. PEARCE moved that the House do not con- in the United States, and to communicate the cur in the report of the committee, and the mo- same to the House, with such suggestions as he tion was agreed to—ayes, 62-noes, 80. The may think useful, with a view to the adjustnext item which bad been rejected in the comment of the tariff, and with such a tariff of duties mittee, was that of $17,500 for the purchase on imports, in his opinion be best adapted to the of a bridge between the navy yard and the dry advancement of the public interest; the underdock, at Norfolk, for the purpose of permitting signed has the honor to report, that, for the access to the latter; and, after some discussion, purpose of effectually complying with the preit was agreed to, with an amendment proposed sumed object of the House, as soon as proper by Mr. WICKLIFFE, without a division. The agents could be selected, be addressed circulars other amendments of the Senate having been a copy of which is now transmitted) to gen, disposed of, Mr. Watmouth moved to recom. tlemen in ihe States norid of the Potómac, and mit the bill to a Committee of the Whole on the in the State of Ohio, requesting their aid in colstate of the Union, with instructions, for the lecting the information desired, and also sought purpose of making an appropriation for the De: personal conferences with eminent manufac. laware Breakwater, the delay of the work on iurers and other gentlemen acquainted with the which, he stated to bave led to a loss of from subject. $30,000 to $50,000, within the last two weeks Some of those, however, who had been see only. Mr. SUTHERLAND urged the House to lected as agents, declined acting; and owing to vote the suspension, and read an extract from that and other causes, with which it is not neces. the letter of the superintendent of the work, sary to trouble the House, more time has been showing the injury at present accruing to it. On employed in executing the intentions of ihe a.statement that an appropriation for the object department than was anticipated. The import.. in question was contained in another bill, Mr. ance of despatch was fully appreciated, but,' WATHOUGH withdrew his proposition. Mr. until the returns could be receivel, to enable Clarton, on the part of the Select Committee the undersigned to communicate the facts called on the Affairs of ihe Bank, presented a report for by the House, he did not deem himself on that subject, and moved that it be referred authorized to submit any suggestions, or regum. to a Committee of the Whole on the state of the mend any particular modification of existing Union, and printed.' A discussion took place duties, on the subject of the report. Mr. McDUFFIE These returns have but recently begun to addressed the House in explanation of some of come in, and have yet been only partially rethe points contained in it which are stated to ceived; bụt rather than incur greater delay, at bear unfavorably towards that institution. , Mr. this advanced period of the session, or longer CLArton replied, and argued that the investi- disappoint the expectations of the House, the gation had demonstrated that the affairs of the undersigned has the honor to communicate the bank had been improperly conducted, and that returns as far as they have come to hand, and its operations upon the interests of the commu- will continue to transmit others as shey may be nity were of a dangerous tendency. Mr. An us received at the department. disclaimed a concurrence in the sentiments es.
I complying with so much of the resolutions pressed in the report, and animadverted on the of the House as requires the Secretary of the course pursued by a majority of the committee Treasury to communicate his own suggestions in making the inquiry. Mr. CAMBBELENG fol- he is well aware of the delicacy and responsilowed, and vindicated the conduct of the com- bility of the task he has been instructed to per. mittee, stating that that part of it which Mr. form: he is profoundly sensible, however, of Adams thought most objectionable, had been the importance of the crisis wbich has induced adopted with the tull concurrence of the Presi- the demand; and he has entire confidence in dent of the Bank himself. The debate was fur- the liberal patriotism with which every honest ther continued by Mr. Warne, (whu made an effort; for the adjustment of its acknowledged unavailing motion to postpone the subject to difficulties, will be received. Monday next,) by Mr. WICKLIPPE, Mr. Tuo. If the raising the proper amount of revenue XAS, of Maryland, and Mr. Jounson, of Ken- were the only object, or could alone guide these tucky. The report was ultimately referred to suggestions, the task would be comparatively a Committee of the Whole on the state of the easy; but the crisis presents a different and far Union, and ordered to be printed. The House more complicate subject. The impost system heb acjourned.
of the United States has been, för many years,
ncidental y, but so intimately connected with preposed, the duties cannot be materially, if at
If the duties be reduced, as proposed in the
Should the public expenditures amount to quire a general reduction of the revenue, it is $15,000,000 after the payment of the debt in not believed practicable to preserve, for any 1833, there would be a surplus in that year of length of time, the degree of protection hither. only $3,500,000. to afforded to those interests which bave grown
No allowance, however, is made in this esti. up under the past legislation. The state of mate for the effects of a diminished importapublic feeling throughout an important portion tion, or an unusual re-exportation of those artiof the country, which, with greater or less in. ticles which may be included in the reduced tensity, calls for a revision of the existing tariff, cariff, and might not be necessary for the con. is not to be disguised. Both patriotism and sumption of the country before the reduced wisdom dictate that this sentiment should be tariff should go into operation. Yet, however respected, and, as far as may be compatible equally a prospective reduction may enable the with the common weal, that it be satisfied, not importers to adjust the supply to the demand, from any unworthy motive, butunder that obliga. it is believed inat a considerable reduction tion of duty which requires that all be reg rded should be made for these contingencies. It is with an equal eye; that all be borné upon with doubtful whether they would leave any surplus, an equal hand; and, under that no less soleman but, if any, a small one. And, in carrying into obligation, to preserve, by any reasonable con effect a great change like this, it would be im. cessions, our inestimable Union.
prudent to incur the risk of a scanty or defec. Fully impressed with these considera. tive revenue, merely to avoid the chance of a tions, and in the belief that, by their resulu. small surplus. tions, the House has required suggestions for a
If a reduction of $10,000,000, or upwards, general reduction of duties on the articles com should be made, to go into operation immediprehended in the existing tariff, the undersign- ately, it would «fect not only the future reve. ed has felt it to be his by to deal with ihe nue, but that which has alrearly accrued, and 'subject in that spirit, and has now the honor to which forms the chief basis of the receipts in. submit the result of his investigation and re- to the Treasury during the present year. What. Aection in the form of a bill accompanying this ever amount, receivable from the customs letter.
in this year, may be now in bond, it cannot be He does not intend it so much for a perfect doubteil, that before those bonds become due, scheme, as to embody those suggestions which a re-exportation would take place of all such be has been called upon to make in a definite articles as should be included in the reduced and intelligible shape; and, while looking to tariff
, and be in a situation to entille them to the patriotic object of the resolution, which debenture. Such articles could not enter into has also guided his own judgment, he cheer. competition with those imported under the refully assu nes the responsibility of the scheme duced tariff
, and would necessarily be re-ex. now presented, he will derive no less gratifica. ported. tion if that object can be better attained by any In regard to the proper time for the reducother plait which wiser counsels may devise.
tion to go into operation, the advantage which The basis of the bill now submitied, is a to. all parties interested—the producer, manufactal repeal of the act of the 19th of May, 1828, turer, importer, consumer-would derive from from and after the third of March, 1833, and a timely notice of any important changes in the lim.lation of the revenue afterwards to be rais- rates of duty, is a consideration, which also, ed, by a new system of duties, to the existing ought not to be overlooked. expenditures of the Government, and to such
For ihe objects mainly intended to be provi. other necessary expenditures as the exigency ded for, an annual revenue of $15,000,000 is of the public service may require, and con estimated to be necessary. Of this amount, ungress, in its wisdom, may authorize.
ul Congress shall otherwise determine, the sum The estimate which was presented in the late of $3,000,000 may be estimated to be received annual report from this department, of the from the public lands. Should Congress here. amount to be r.ceived into the Treasury from after determine to dispense with this source of customs, in the year 1832, was founded, chief, revenue, any deficiency thereby occasioned upon the importations of the year 1831; and, may readily be raised by a small augmentation as the receipts from that source will not be of the duties proposed by the bill upon the class greater than may be safely relied on for the of articles which are taxed solely for the purpayment of the public debt within the time poses of revenue, or may be distributed among
The remaining $12,000,000 it is proposed to the hands of others less scrupulous as to the reraise exclusively from duties on imports, in the straints imposed by the laws. manner particularly provided for in the bill. It The most plausible ground on which this is estimated that, by this mode, the whole an- system can be defended, is, the security it nual revenue from customs, calculated upon affords to the manufacturer against the superior the importations of the year ending on the 30th capital of his foreign rival, and the occasional September, 1830, after deducting re-exporta- excessive influx of the fureign merchandise. tions, will be reduced more than $10,000,000; But an ad valorem duty of sufficient amount and, upon that portion of them commonly call- upon the actual value of the goods, fairly as. 'ed protected articles, more than $3,000,000: certained under the guards in the bill, may and, also, that the rate of the whole duty from accomplish the same object not less effectually. customs,calculated upon the cost of the import. From information derived principally from the ed merchandise in the same year, exclusive of statements of eminent manufacturers, a duty of all charges, will be reduced from about forty- 10 per cent. on the manufactured article, befive per cent. to about tv enty-seven per cent. yond that on the raw material, would, of itself, The difference, howeve ,between the rate of equalize the cost of the domestic and foreign duties since 1830, and' nat under the bill, will article, and afford a sufficient protection to the not be quite so great, owing to the reductions manufacturer against foreign competition in the already made in the duties on tea, coffee, mo. ordinary course of trade. if, by the reduced lasses, and salt.
rate of duty on the raw materials, and the low A great number of articles of the first neces. rate of duty on all other artictes of general con. sity, or partaking of the character of raw mate sumption, the American manufacturer may, as rials, have been relieved from duty altogether;
is believed, bring his merchandise into market and on many of the necessaries of life, and those upon terms of equality in cost with the principally consumed by the poorer classes, a
foreigner, it is not doubted that the ad valorem duty almost nominal has been imposed.
duty proposed by the bill, with cash payments,
and a duty on sales at auction, will be fully an opinion has been heretofore expressed adequate to guard against the superiority of by the undersigned, in favor of a prospective foreign capital, and the Auctuations of trade. and gradual reduction of the existing duty on It is a rale of profit in ordinary times not enarticles embraced by the protective system; but it has been departed from in the bill, in defer. joyed by any other branch of industry not
necessarily exposed to greater risk and vicissience to respectable opinions from other quar- tude. ters, but principally to what is understood to
The imposition of a revenue duty merely, on be the wish of the manufacturers themselves, coarse wool not raised in the United States, and who prefer a system permanent in its character
on the coarser denominations of cloths, is beto one liable to change.
lieved to be a concession due to the south and It has not been supposed practicable to of: to the south western portions of the Union, and fer any reasonable scheme of compromise, and which may be made without serious detriment for the adjustment of existing differences, to the manufacturer. which should not avoid the incongruity in the Without some concession of present advanact of 1828, from the extravagant duty on the tages from all interests, any scheme of adjustraw materials, and the well-founded objections ment must be considered as hopeless. to the system of minimums.
The bill now submittedl, proposes to raise It is believed that the producer of the raw the revenue, with as littie inconvenience as material, and especially the grower of wool, possible to all parts of the Union; it designs to will receive an ample indemnity for the con leave all the great national interests adequately cession now required, in the constancy and protected, while it lessens the duty on raw steadiness of the market, which the sure and materials and articles of necessity. Greater permanent success of the manufacturing esta protection might be given, and the growth, blishments will not fail to afford for his commo. both of the raw material and of the manufacdity, and in the cheapening of his general sup- tures, might be more rapidly encouraged. It plies. Independently of these considerations, is believed, however, that by the scale of however, it will appear by the statement ac- duties in the bill, the advancement and proscompanying the bill (marked A) that, by the perity of each will be certainly attained; and it duty imposed by the bill on raw wool, a price is for those interested to consider, whether it not less than forty cents a pound is secured to be not wiser and more patriotic to be content the domestic producer of that article. Other with a certain and permanent, though more statements, showing the operation of other gradual process, thail by contending for ex. parts of tne bill, will be prepared and transmit- treme protection 10 endanger their own interted as they may be found necessary.
est, and ultimately disturb the harmony of the The system of minimums is regarded as im- Union. posing an unnecessary and extravagant rate of
I have the honor to be, very respectfully, duty, and as encouraging the commission of Your obedient servant, frauds difficult, if not impossible to prerent. It
LOUIS McLANE, is believed that the effect, already, has been
Secretury of the Treasury. to exeldde the fair Aimerican importer, in a The Hon. the SPEAKER, great degree, from the trade, and to leave it in of the House of Representatives.
The following statement exhibits the compa- ment to obtain information on various matters rative prices of wool, at the present rate of duty, connected with the manufactures of the Unit. and at 20, 221, and 25 per cent. The only deed States, it has been deemed proper that the scription of wool that can enter into competi- Department should avail itself of competent as. tion with the American, is that from England sistance, to collect and report such facts as may and the Netherlands; and when the charges of be necessary to a full knowledge of the subject. freight
, insurance, and difference of exchange, it is hoped that it may suit your convenience to are added, it is evident that a duty of 20 per afford such aid in respect to the State of cent., while it would amply protect our own pro-You will be at liberty to pursue your inquiries duct of wool, would also materially benefit our either by a personal examination, by corresponmanufacturers
. The great advantage to the lat-dence with those qualified to afford the intorter, however, would be in the coarse qualities mation, or by the employment of capable as. of wool, which is not raised in this country, and sistants. You will be allowed as compensawhich costs very low; the duty on which, under tion for your services and expenses the present rates, is extravagantly high. dollars for every twenty miles journey, which A.
you may find necessary to make, and a like
sum for every day which may be occupied in the business, when not travelling. Such assistants as you may see fit to employ, may be engaged by you on such terms as you shall
think reasonable. Any expense incurred for postage or printing, or copying, will also be allowed.
Yon will perceive that the resolutions are very comprehensive. And, as the object which they have in view is of the utmost importance to the prosperity and harmony of the people of the United States-being no less than a re. adjustment of the tariff on terms that may reconcile all the great interests of the countrydeep.solicitude is telt by the Department that these preliminary inquiries, which the House of Representatives has confided to it, shall be well and truly answered. For the purpose of directing your attention to those facts which seem necessary to a full understanding of the subject, the annexed queries have been prepared. It is not intended, however, to exlude any others that you may think pertinent. And,
noreover, you will be pleased to cause it to be Fru OSLLAV
understood hy those concerned, that any infor. mation which they may consider essential to a
just view of their interests will be respectfully SHU JUOS
received. -NP JO UV
The great division of opinion that exists upon the subject of the resolutions,renders it diffi.
cult to carry on any inquiries relating to it in a uon
som manner satisfactory to all. But it is the espe.
cial duty of those to whom they are confided, to pursue them with the utmost practicable impartiality--seeking, without regard to their bearing upon any particular theory, such facts as, when brought together from all parts of the country, may enable Congress in its wisdom to act as the true interests of all may require.
Having collected the desired information, you are requested to present it in a condensed form in a report, and to accompany the report with all the original returns and communications from which it may have been derived.
I shall, also, be happy to receive, in a separate communication, any information that you
may deem material, and any suggestions that TREASURY DEPARTMENT, you may think useful, whether from yourself
February 7, 1832. or others, with a view to the adjustment of the Six : The House of Representatives having, tariff upon the principles of the late annual by two resolutions, passed the 19th ult.,copies report of this Department-a copy of which is of which are enclosed, requested this Depart- enclosed.
48 123 -“
The information called for by the House be. 6. Annual rate of profit on the capital ining desired as a basis for legislation on the sub. vested, since the establishment of the manufacject during the present session, you will ex.tory-distinguishing between the rate of profit cuse me for reminding you of the necessity of upon that portion of the capital which is bordespatch.
rowed, after providing for the interest upon it; I am, Sir, very respectfully,
and the rate of profit upon that portion which Your obedient servant, is no: borrowed ?
7. Cause of the increase (or decrease, as the Secretary of the Treasury. case may be) of profit?
8. Rates of profit on capital otherwise emRESOLUTIONS REFERRED TO IN THE ployed, in the same State and county? FOREGOING INSTRUCTIONS.
9. Amount of articles annually manufactur
ed since the establisament of the manufactory; 220 CONGRESS-1st SESSION. description, quality, and value of each kind? CONGRESS OF THE UNITED STATES,
10. Quantity and value of different kinds of In the House of Rep., January 19, 1832.
raw materials used-distinguishing between Hesolved, that the Secretary of the Treasu. foreign products and domestic products ?
11. Cost in the United States of similar arti. ry be requested to collect such facts and infor: cles of manufacture imported from abroad, and mation as may be in his power, of the extent from what countries ! and condition, generally, of the manufactures of wool, cotton, hemp, iron, sugar, salt
, and employed, and average wages of each class ?
12. Number of men, women, and children such other articles as are manufactured to a considerable extent in the United States, and
13. How many hours a day employed; and
what portion of the year? report the same to this House as early as may be practicable during the present session, for wise employed, in the same State and county,
14. Rate of wages of similar classes other the use of Congress; and that he also be re- in other Siates, and in foreign countries quested to transmit the aforesaid information,
15. Number of horses or other animals em. to accompany it with such a tariff of dulies up.
ployed on imports as, in his opinion, may be best
16. Whether the manufactures find a market adapted to the advancement of the public in
at the manufactory? If not, how far they are terest.
sent to market? Attest MW. ST. CLAIR CLARKE,
17. Whether foreign articles of the like Clerk of the House of Rep. of the U. Slates.
kirds enter into competition with them at such
place of sale ; and to what extent? 220 CONGRESS-1st SESSION.,
18. Where are the manufactures consumed? CONGRESS OF THE UNITED STATES,
19. Whether any of the manufactures are In the House of Rep., January 19, 1832. exported to foreign countries, and if 80, Resolved, That the Secretary of the Treasury where ! be directed to obtain information as to the 20. Whether the manufacture is sold by the quantities and kinds of the several articles ma- manufacturer for cash ; and if on credit, at nufactured in the United States, during the what credit ? If bartered, for wbat? year ending the 3012 September, 1831, par. 21. Whether the cost of the manufactured ticularly those of iron, cotton, wool, hemp,and article (to the manufacturer) has increased or sugar, and the cost thereof :-and, also, the decreased ; and how much in each year, from quantities and cost of similar articles imported the establishment of the manufactory, and from abroad during the same year, and that whether the increase has been in the materials he lay the same before this House as carly as or the labor, and at what rate! may be practicable during the present session 22. The prices at which the manufactures of Congress, together with such information as have been sold by the manufacturer, since the he may deem material, and such suggestions as establishment? he may think useful, with a view to the adjust 23. What rate of duty is necessary to enable ment of the tariff.
the manufacturer to enler into competition in Attest: MW. ST. CLAIR CLARKE, the home market, with similar articles importClerk of the House of Representatives. ed?
24. Is any change necessary in levying or QUERIES.
collecting the duty on such articles, to prevent 1. State and county in which the manufacto- fraud ? ry is situated ?
25. What has been the rate of your profits, 2. Kind or description of the manufactory : annually, for the last three years, and if it be and whether water, steam, or other power ? joint stock company, what dividends have
3. When established ; and whether a joint been received, and what portion of the income stock concern?
of the company has been converted into fixed 4. Capital invested ground and buildings, capital, or retained as a fund for contingent or and water power, and in machinery? other objects, and therefore uot divided out
5. Average amount in materials, and in cash annually? for the purchase of materials, and payment of 26. What portion of the cost of your manu.
factures consists of the price of the raw male.