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MR. PATTON AND HIS RESOLUTION. will sustain the truth of the charge, which Mr.
The Richmond Whig says:

Patton has volunteered to pronounce a calum“ Speaking the other day of Mr. Patton's re. ny, without having in his possession any evi. solution to prohibit the publication of the pro the statement in the Telegraph is not a calum.

dence to sustain his statement. We aver that ceedings in Houston's case, pending the trial, we obd-rved that we were less surprised at his which we know to be true. Mr. Patton speaks

Mr. Pattoni says it is. We speak of facts resolution than at the zeal he had manifested throughout the affair. We added, that the of matters of which he does not pretend to have "paper he alluded to was the Telegrapli-the any personal knowledge whatever. We republication, that to which he had reference on peat, let an investigation be asked_let, the Friday, as farther illustrating the aitempted truth be examined inio; until this be done, it fraud in the case of the emigrating Indians." will not do for Mr. Patton, or any one else to Mr. Patton declared he had been informed by say, that no fraud was intended. The facts one of the parties implicated, that the publica. be at no loss for a proper interpretation of

will speak for themselves ; and the public can tion was grossly false in its essential particu. lars! Did Mr. P. expect one of the parties im-them, or of the cause of Mr. Patton's zeal. plicated to confess it to be true? "We understand that Mr. Patton was misre. headed “Specific Appropriations” in relation

The Globe, of the 3d instant, has an article ported in the paper (the Telegraph) from to an outfit of a Minister to France, which was which we extracted the report of his observa. struck out of the appropriation by the vote of tions; that he did not say he had been inform the Senate, that deserves some remarks. ed by one of the parties implicated; that with none of those parties had he acquaintance or

Like every thing which comes from that intercourse; and that he had reference to infor. quarter, it is calculated to deceive. Accordmation derived from others.

ing to the official, the question was simply one cowe make this explanation with much plea: this view, it expresses amazement that the

ut specific or contingent appropriation; and, in sure, there being few, (out of the circle of his triends of Mr. Calhoun, who, as it truly says: personal friends,) better disposed to wish Mr: Pation success in his path through life than tions, should be found in favor of striking out

lave been the slicklers for specific appropria. ourselves. We confess ihat, entertaining high the ouifit. The Globe must know that it preo respect for his abilities and his independence, we were somewhat surpried to see the appa: and contingent appropriations was only drawn

sen s a false issue. The question of specific renily partisan nature of his exertions at ibe outset of Houston's affair; a sentiment, we be incidentally into the discussion; the real issue lieve, pretiy generally diffused throughout this was as to the power of the President in tilling

vacancies, where, in point of fact, they did not part of the community."

occur in the recess of Congress as provided for We note this article of the Whig for the pur in the Constitution. The debate will soon be pose of correcting the correction. Mr. Pation published at large, and we, therefore, will not was nol mis-reported in the Telegraph ; and in dwell upon this point. But it is proper to rewill be found, upon examination, that the expla.mark, that this is no new question—it is one of nation will place him in no better position lung standing on wbich different views have than tie report. If Mr. Patton did noi derive been taken from the very commencement of his information from one of the parties, from the Government, as was truly said by Mr. Taze. whom did he derive it. If he did noi derive il well in the debate. Mr. Adams was among from the parties direct, he must ha derived the strenuous asserters of the rights of the Preit through secund or third persons, or through silent to make appointments of Ministers in the the publications of the accused : and it matters recess, and in the discussion of the celebrated not whether Mr. Patton had any acquaintance Panama mission, this formed a prominent point or intercourse with the parties; he became the between bim and the supporters of General sponsor for the accused, by vouching for his Jackson, It seems from ihe debate in the innocence. To say that he d.d not derive bis House, where he look the lead on the side of information from the accused, is but showing the administration, that Mr. Adams still adheres the zeal in which he entered upon his defence; to the pinion which he then advanced. He why did he do su! Certainly not as the partisanas, for his efforts on that occasion, been lauded of Houston, but because he knew that such as by the Glube and the devoted organs of power, course would be acceptable to those who wield luugil he had the candor to lell the House, the patronage of the Government. What evro that it was nut he but the administration w boliad dence his Mr. Paiton, or any one adduced, tu changed, whilch he illustrated bythe striking si. prove the innocence of Houston ? None bu. mile of the turn-stile. the denial of Houston, whose statement, taken What a remarkable spectacle does this exhi. at large witá ficts which are either admilled bit! But three sort years have passed away or incóntrovertible, is conclusive, to show that s.nce General Jackson came into power, but a fruudulent contract was intended. If Mr. shurt as this periud is, all of the principles and Pu ton believes thai the parties are innocent, he professions which brought him iniu otice, bare owes it to himself and to the Administration to been so completely deserted, that the very incall for an investigation; in which case M. dividaul who was iurned out, in order to make Stanjery is pledged to adduce the prouf bourfroom fur bim, aaj whose principles reinaiu ya.

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changed, is now his leading advocate on one or more attached 10 their own advancement than
the questions which constituted a prominent to the interests of their constituents, or to the
point, as we have said, on which his elevation to happiness and liberty of the country.
power, against Mr. Adams, turned !! Well Now is the time that every citizen should
might Mr. Adams compare the case to a turn-read the debates, and attend to the journals.
stile, which General Jackson had turned in
putting him out, but wirich he turned back to We insert to-day another letter from Judge
the same position in coming in himself. Brackenridge. No man has had better oppor-

Can any lover of his country look on this tunities to study the real character of General speciacle without despair? What can be bet. Jackson, and the reputation of the writer for ter calculated to destroy all confidence in pub- ruth and purity of character, will give addi. lic men, and to corrupt the public morals than tional force to ihe picture which he exhibits. hat the people shall believe that political profes. The writer truly remarks that General Jackson sions mean nothing, and that political struggles “ will yet live to read the sentence which the are but mere selfish contests between the ins 'ruth and justice of history will be called to and the outs; in which there is neither truth nor pronounce upon him;" and he is blind to come sincerily, on either side, on the part of those fing ever.ts who does not see that most pitiable engaged? It will be impossible that our institu. will be his condition if he be re-elected the Pre. tions can long endure when this is the case. -ident of these Uniled States. When in the We fear that it has come to this already, and friecline of his power he shall be deserted by that General Jackson, by abandoning all of the those sycophants, at whose promptings he has principles and professions which brought him forfeited the confidence and affection of the into power, has given our liberty a fatal stab. wise and virtuous-of those who would have

veiled his infirmities for the sake of his country. It was said of the war of the revolution, that Judge Brackenridge feels called upon to asit was a time to try mens' souls. The same may sume the responsibility of putting history right be said of the present crisis--which we do so. in some important particulars, and as he writes lemnly believe involves principles as important as under his proper signature we cannot refuse those asserted in that great struggle, and in its him the use of our columns. results not less pregnant of good and evil; whe. ther we regard our own destiny, ur that of the human race. It has been long approaching, THE ALBANY ARGUS AND THE TARIFF. and we thoroughly believe that it involves We insert below a letter which we find in in its consequences the union and the liberty of the Albany Argus, of the 4th instant, which these States. As it may be decided, the Go. the editor says is written by an able member of vernment will be one of confederated States, Congress froin that State, and a sound republi. with efficient checks un their part, to arrest the can. We concur with the Aigus in saying, encroachment of the General Government; or alinat " the facts are entitled to considera. consolidated Goveroment, controlled by the tion." desputic and unrestricted will of a majority The writer assumes that the present duty imThu the latter cannot exist without leading to poses a Tax of 'wo dollars per capila un the anarchy, and, finally, 1o an entire change of the people of the United Stat s, and that the resystem, lias been universally admitted by all port of the Secretary proposes to abolish one sound stalesmen, of all parties, from the com-half. He says that the people of the State of mence nent of our Government. Such a ter. New York now pay in U..ited States TAXES mination would end not only in the loss of our four millions of dollars; and that a repeal of liberty, but to arrest, it not to overthrow, th June half of these taxes would save to them cause of freedom every where. Such a crisis, more money than the price of the whole aWe repeat, affords an opportunity of knowing mount of wool, flour, and every thing else the real character of public men--to distinguish which New England now buys from New between the subservient instruments of puwer York.” who look to the Presidential contest, and with it The letter also says that the agriculturists to power, patronage, and office, more than tu will be indemnified for the reduction on the the liberty of the country.

raw material, by the saving in the price of the The south will, in an especial manner, have articles which they buy and consume to the from this crisis a certain criterion of judging of amount of many millions.” It is sais!, ibat the the fidelity of their public servants. Let them proportion of domestic, as compared with fo. look and mark, if there be any who are heard (reign manufactures, consumed in the United only when questions arise which affect the Exe states, is as three to one. If, then, the data cutive J; the adminis ration--who are all alive to presented by this republican member of Con. maintain the power and patronage of the Govern-gress be correct, and the people of the State ment, and to defend, "night or wrong"-those of N-w York now pay two millions of Collars who have the disposition of them; but who, up-in United States taxes, they are, a' the same on all other questions, which involve the liber. time, paying three times that sum more on ac. ty and the fate of the country--the tariff the count of the increased price of the domestic persivils--and the like, are silent, be they articles which they consiline, swelling the lat ever so important. Such may be put down as levied by the tariff upon the people of that mell more devoted to power than to liberty-- State to the enormous sum of six millions more,

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or, in the whole, to eight millions of dollars, produce a revenue of eight millions at least, and yet we are told that the whole amount of and proposes to make that permanent! agricultural products so'd to the New Eng. The letter writer suggests that Mr. Calhoun land States does not equal two millions of dol- and his friends will uppose Mr. McLane's lars!!

scheme, because it will put an end to nullificaWe would ask if such a system, thus describ.llion, by a reasonable adjustment of the tariff. ed by its own friends, is to be rivetted on the. We have shown that the scheme does not proAmerican people? Who does not see that, if pose such an adjustment, and 10 us it is obvious it opera!es so unjustly and oppressively on bat the reason why it does not, is that the adthe people of New York, its operation is much ministration do not wish to see the tariff adjusted more oppressive on the south-on the planta- on terms which will be, or ought to be, satistion States. In New York, the high duty on factory to the south. Its partisans pretend that wool acts as a prohibition, and many of her such an adjustment would kill nullification, and farmers are wool growers; and the manufactu. bury Mr. Calhoun's political prospects. No rers consume all that is raised, while there i une can doubt the anxiety of the administration no protection on the great staples of the south to accomplish this. Nor, that they would de. on her cotton, tobacco, and rice,-for the vote themselves to that object, if they believed New England States cannot consume them; that an adjustment of the tariff would put an they are raised for a foreign market, from end to Mr. Calhoun's influence. Wby then which the tariff tends to exclude them. Is it do they not throw their weight into the surprising, then, that the south slould raise her scale, and advocate such an adjustment! Mr. voice against such a system?' We have insert. Calhoun and his friends will interpose no bar'ed the political aspect of this letter for the rier. They will be found in favor of any and purpose of drawing the attention of our readers all propositions for a reasonable adjustment, and to a few striking facts. The writer says that it follows, that they do not comprehend his pothe south will complain of the Secretary's pro. litical interest, or else that an adjustment will in. position, because, "of the question can be set- terpose no obstacle to him, and his enemies must tied in a reasonable manner, nullification will admit that he is more solicitous to obtain for the be dead and buried.”

south a reasonable exemplion from onerous and The reader must see that the writer recom- unjust taxaliun, than he is lo obtain for himself mends the Secretary's report, because, he political advancenient. | says, it takes off two millions of TAXES. So That his political opponents well know that far us it goes to reduce the TAXES, the nulli. the larifinterposes ihe chief obstacle to his fiers approve of it; but they object to the political preferment, is apparent, from the fact « scheme" because it proposes to fix a perma.fihat whilst he and his friends are laboring to Rent tax of six millions per annum upon the procure a "reasonable" adjustment, the politipeople more than is necessary for the expen- cians who are opposed to him, refuse theit coses of Government because, if the reduction operation. Thus this New York republican, of the taxes one half will save to the people of who admits that the tariff imposes a United New York two millions of dollars per annum, States tax upon that State, greater than the the further reduction of one half of the other whole amount of all the agricultural products half would save one million more, and nulliti. sold by it to New England, is unwilling to re cation will be opposed to these taxes because duce lhe duties down to the revenue point, and they are oppressive, and uncalled for by the thius lake off one half more of the taxes than public interests.

is proposed to be aboli-hed by Mr. McLane's But this letter shows another striking fact. scheme! and why is this? He admits that the It is the intention of the partisans of this admi. Tariff levies a tax far beyond any benefit denistration to assert that null fication is a mea- rived from it to the agricultural interest of the sure advocated by Mr. Calboun and his friends state. He insists that the scheme proposes a as a means of political advancement; and that saving to the State of two millions of dollars, they will oppose the Secretary's scheme" be. in United States tax, and we might add, of six cause it proposes to adjust the question of the millions more, by the increased price paid for tariff "in a reasonable manner!" Inuendo, domestic manufactures. Yet he is opp sed to if the tariff be adjusted, nullification musi a further reduction! and why is this? Is there cease, and, if nullification were dead and buone

reason for it? ried, John C. Calhoun's political prospects Let us look at the history of Mr. McLane's would be likewise.

scheme. His able and patriotic predecessor, This brings us back to the question of whe. Mr. Ingham, had he not been removed, would ther Mr. McLane's scheme proposes to adjust have presented, at the commencement of the this question in a reasonable manner." We sessi011, a scheme for the satisfactory adjustment object to it not only on account of the new and of the tariff. It is a question depending much dangerous infraction of ibe constitution which upon details which are to be derived only it propust 8; but, also, because it does not con. through that department. Mr. McLare said to template a sufficient reduction of the taxes a member of Congress at the commencement This is a matter of figures; of plain arithmetic. of the session, that he could, or that he would, It is ascertained that eleven milliong is fully if requested, report a bill that would be satissufficient for all the economical wants of the factory to all parties. Why did he not do so! Governmeal, yet Mr. McLane's schemes will instead of this, be bas waited until five months

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of the session have passed away, and, in congressional districts into which it is proposed
the mean time, Mr. Clay had introduced his to divide the State. The saving in the tax of
resolution, which drew frum the opponents of each city, county, town, or village may be easi.
the system, an able and interesting debate. Afly ascertained, as it will be one dollar for each
ter both parties, the advocates and the oppo- soul; that is, about $40,000 to each of the New
nents of he system had developed their views, York counties, and at $50.000 to the city of Al.
and not until then, the Secretary, came in with bany. The saving therefore of the Secretary's
his project, which his partisans assert is more scheme is palpable, obvious, and very benefi-
favorable to the manufacring interests, and at cial to the people.
the same time more acceptable to the south than “ The second point secuired by this scheme,
Mr. Clay's. But he is blind who does not see as I understand, is, of the $12,000,000 duties to
that the Secretary, finding Mr. Clay committed be collected, to place on the protected articles
in behalf of the manufacturing interest, has so high a rate of duty as to preserve all exist.
entered into a "judiciouscompetition withing es' ablishments and interests. In this part
him for that interest, looking entirely to the of his duty, as the Secretary is a tariff man, he
political relation of parties; whilst he openly adops the course of securing to the manufactur-
disregards the fundamental principles which he er a cheap raw material. if the manufacturers
himself assumes. His partisans well know that succeed, the growers of raw materials are in-
the south will not acquiesce in his scheme, and demnified in several ways: 1st, they, without
they afford at the same time the strongest proof the expense of foreign transportation, can sell
of his political trimming, of the injustice and their raw material here to our manufacturers as
inequality of his proposed compromise, and of high as foreigners can sell them after the ex.
Mr. Calhoun's disinterested devotion to his pense and risque of sending them long voyages
country, by assuming that he will be opposed by sea. 20, our agriculturalist will furnish all
to the scheme. It is obvious that the tar ff af. articles for the consumption of our manufac.
fords the greatest barrier to Mr. Calhoun's po- turers, as bread, meat, &c. 3d, our agricul.
litical preferment; because, living in the weak- turalists will be saved in the price of the arti-
ér section, he becomes identified with the mi-cles they buy and consume, to the amount of
nority, and it is manifest that so long as that is many millions of dollars. The reduction of the
the controlling question, he cannot advance. general taxes $13,500,000, will operate to the
Were he more solicitous for his own promotion, advantage of every consumer. The anti-tariff
than to secure a fair and just equalization of the men will object to the Secretary's plan of mak-
public burdens, he would follow the example ing the duty on raw materials lighter than on
of Mr. McLane, and throw himself on the manufactured articles; but the real frierds of
strongest interest. Having so strong an in- protection will admit that the Secretary has
ducement to do so, the anticipation, on the part avoided the anti-tariff provisions which they
of his political opponents, that he will not, is have often alleged were forced into the act of

the consciousness, on their 1828, by the votes of the anti-tariff men.
part, that it is wrong for him so to do, and that

Afier securing in this way all existing eso he has too much public virtue to purchase pre tablishments and interests, the Secretary, on ferment by that wrong. While it also argues other articles, endeavors to place the duty for that they are fully sensible of the injustice dune revenue principally on the luxuries consumed bis section, and persevere in that injustice, be- by the rich, and lighter on necessaries consumcause they know that it gives them the surested by the poor; and he has made a long list of means of preventing his elevation.

articles consumed by all, free from taxation. We ask for these suggustions, a careful ex.

“ On these principles, the Secretary has endeavored to adjust the revenue. The reduce

tion will take place af er the public debt is "WASHINGTON CITY, April 30. paid. If we should complain that too much is "Dear Sir: The report and bill of the Se proposed to be taken off on some and too little cretary of the Treasury are now printing by on other articles, it should be borne in mind, order of the House of Representatives. I have that either these taxes must be reduced and not examined it in detail, and can therefore on the people saved $12,500,000, or the people ly speak of its general features.

must continue to pay these taxes; and the mo"Our present population may be stated in ney levied in New York, must be taken to found numbers at 12,500,000. Our present make for others the rail-rouds, canals, roads and uses paid on imports $25,000,000, or two dol- bridges which the people of New York have lars for every man, woman, and child a year. made for themselves. The New England and New York has about 2,000,000, and pays at other monopolists, will complain, because now least $4,000,000 in taxes each year to the Uni. if they pay us 6 or even 10 cents more for a ted States, besides all State, county, cily,town, pound of wool, they sell us the cloth made road, and other taxes.

from this wool 50 or 100 cents dearer than they “The Secretary of the Treasury. proposes to can after the taxes are reduced. All the wool, reduce the taxes on the part of the United Aour, and every thing else, New England States, one half, that is, from $25,000,000 tu buys of New York, will not come to more than $12,500,000. To New York alone this will be the $2,000,000 extra taxes now proposed to be A saving in United States taxes of $2,000,000,00 saved io that State. The nullifiers too will $50,000 to the citizens of each of the forty complain, because if this question cau once be

at once a proof

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settled in a reasonable manner, nullification, When I say that no attempt has been made disunion and rebellion will be dead and buried. to wipe away this stain from the reputation of

Protection does not arise from the amount Andrew Jackson, I am not unacquainted with of the duty, but upon a comparison; for our the attempt to assail me by general abuse, onsurplus produtos, over and above what we can der an anonymous signature in the palace chro. consume in the United States, amount each nicle. I have come before the public with a year to about $60,000,000. This we must send responsible name-l accuse a responsible perabroad and sell; and the payment must come son--and will not be diverted from my pur. home in money and goods and forever will pose by an irresponsible champion. If my an. come home. It every thing brought back as pay is tagonist solicits the privilege of a champion in lased alike, it will come in those articles where this arena, I am not so ungenerous as to deny it of the constaaption is greatest; but if some to him, but that champion must not enter the things brou : at back as pay, are taxed higher, lists with his beaver down-I must know who and others lower, it is natural that the imports he is, lest I might find myself engaged with which are the pay for our exports, should come one with whom any kind of contact is disgrace, back as far as possible in the articles not taxed be it in peace or war. or taxed lowest. While it is expected that the My object, in the present communication, is duty will be reduced, the imports will be as not io notice the falsehoods of the anonymous small as possible; for no man will import goods writer, or to defend a character which, from when the duty is high, if he knows that next my youth upwards, in purity, may at least com. month, or next year, the duty will be reduced. pare with that of General Jackson; nor to add Great imports therefore cannot be expected proofs in support of specific charges against this year, as Congress will probably pass a law him, which have not been denied, but to vinreducing the duties for the next year.” dicate myself from what I regard as a most se:

rious imputation that of having supported, aid.

ed, or countenanced the election of such a man to COMMUNICATIONS. &c.

be the Chief Magistrale of this peaceful, enlight.

ened, and virluous people. With the perfect FOR THE UNITED STATES' TELEGRAPH.

knowledge which my opportunities enabled I have waited for some weeks, in order to me to possess, of his narrow, illiterate mindsee what defence or justification would be his want of all moral control over his violent, made by General Jackson or his friends, in re- arbitrary, and tyrannical temper, it would have lation to the very serious charges I have been inexcusable in me, as an honest man, to brought against him. I have stated facts, have contributed to bring such a misfortune on which stand undenied, and which must not on my country. I defy any one to produce a sinly affect his public but his private character. gle line ever written by me recommending He has been silent, and it is of no importance him to the Chief Magistracy, knowing him, as to inquire whether it is the silence of guilt or I did, to be unfit for a magistracy of any kind. of affected dignity. He is as responsible at the Can any one suppose that, if I had been a zea: bar of public opinion, for injuries proper to lous co-operator in his elevation, or an indiscribe there redressed, as he is to the municipal minate eulogist of every thing done since, by laws for the infringement of the rights of ihe himself, or in his name, or was faithful to him, citizen. I charge him with baving acted to- however false to my country, that he would wards me in a faithless and dishonorable manner, have seized the first opportunity to reinove me as well as with having been guilty of a gross from office? No; all who have marked his abuse of the high trust reposed in bim, to be course, must say that this is impossible. He exercised not for the gratification of his pas. never could have considered me his political

, sions, but for the good of the people.

or rather personal partisan, and on no occasion When I picked up the small pebble from the have I ever spoken or written to him disrebrook, and prepared for the fearful encounter, spectfully of Mr. Clay, Mr. Adams, or of others I own it appeared almost hopeless, but I did it who have incurred his ferocious displeasure. in justice to my country. The delirious en He thought there were others better suited to thusiasm has passed away, and the voice of his purposes, while, from my yielding and truth and justice may be heard. Instead of peaceful habits, he could cread upon me withbeing regarded as a second Washington, he out danger. has been nailed to the counter-A second Wash.

The impression that I was an advocate for ington! as if such a thing were possible! the General's election, has been produced by As well might we compare

my publication on the subject of the Ordinances A taper's glimmer to the sun's broad glare,

of Florida, wbich were never perfectly onder. A pigmy ninepin to a pyramid.

stood. It was intimated to me by a friend,

that the General, on his electioneering visit to The second Washington may be re-elected, New Orleans, complained of my indifference from peculiar circumstances, by the vote of the and spoke with some chagrin of my not de south, at the very moment when it entertains fending him from attacks in relation to the oro for him the most profound contempt; but he dinances, and the affair of Callava, and partie will yet live to read the sentence which the cularly as to the former, which were drawn up truth and justice of history will be called to by me. I did not hesitate, on this intimation, pronounce upon him.

to make the publication which I have said oper

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