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farners the home market of RAW MATERIALS; TERMO of the CONNEXION, between the old and nothing more INSULTING to the understandings the new world. This it was which was to open of the people, than to call such a ONE-SIDED to us the commerce of all nations, upon reci. XONOPOLI, an AMERICAN SISTEM.

procal terms. And this is the system with The west, then, Mr President, in common which President WASHINGTON directed Gouver. with all the agricultural portions of this Union, neur Morris, to warn England in 1789, and the has a deep and direct interest in the preserva- fear of which, Mr. Madison tells us, induced tion and extension of foreign trade. If she Mr. Pilt to bring in his bill into Parliament for looked to her interest alone, if she looked at the relaxation of the British restrictive system the question under :he single aspect of selfish above forty years ago. This is the system, the benefit, she would be an advocate for unre success of which was believed to be infallible stricted commerce with all the world. She forty years ago. Is there the least reason to would continue the cry, upon which she went believe its success would fail now! So far from to war, twenty years ago, for FREE TRADE and it, that success is still more probable now than SAILORS Rights! But the west is not indivi. at that time. Examine its operation : see its dual in ber existence; nor egotistical in her po practical effect upon foreign Powers. We im. licy. She is a sectional division of an extended port linens from England, France, and Germa. confederacy; she belongs to a great political ny; each of these powers take tobacco from system; she is subject to a duplicate form of us; but with heavy duties or restrictions. We government; and these conditions impose upon abolish duties on linens in favor of any Power her

, obligations, which neither duty nor pairio. that will take our tobacco on moderate duties; tism permit her to disregard. Her government and we leave a duty of six or eight per cent. on must be supported, and that support requires the linens of those Powers that refuse. The revenue; her independence must be maintain- result must be, that some one will enter into ed; and that independence requires a home our arrangement; and if any one does, the supply of certain articles. Foreign commerce others must, or suffer a decline in a branch of presents the most convenient subject for reveo trade which will be greatly to their own prejunue, for the support of the Federal Governo dice. Another example : We get coffee from ment; and the levy of that revenue may be Cuba, St. Domingo, and Brazil; all these counmade the means of encouraging the production tries take provisions from us: but loaded with of the essential articles which our independ duties beyond their value in the United States. ence requires to be made at home. Hence, Their coffee trade with us is indispensable. We the necessity of qualifying the unlimited free- are their custumer. A free trade in coffee with dom of trade, which our pecuniary interest any of them would compel the others to relax might require; and hence, also, tric measure of in their high duties; and relieve our provision that qualification. And this, Mr. President, trade from oppessive burthens in the West Inbrings me back to a point which I mentioned dies. I mention a few articles, and a few Pow. before, and which upon this subject, is the law ers only, by way of example; but the system and the prophets with me: REVENUE, in the which I recommend extends to all Powers with. extent of the government wanls; PROTEC- oui exception, and to all the leading ar icles on TION as an incident to revenue.

which we propose to abolish, or greatly reduce Sir, I do not argue these points over again; our duties. Success seems to be certain : but, nor do I go further into the discussion for KE- if not, what then? Have we lost any thing i GOLA (ING foreign commerce upon the prin. No, Sir ; we are where we should be without ciple of RECIPROCITY, and establishing D.s. the attempt. And this is the peculiar recomCRIMINATING DUTIES as a means of co. mendation of the discriminating system, that, ercing, or conciliating, beneficial treaties from while it proposes, and almost makes sure, of foreign nations. Ileave all the-e points to their the greatest advantages, it exposes notning to fate to live or perish, upon what has already risk. been said. But tbere was a plarase used by Sir, this proposition for equivalents, obvi. General Hamiltor, and read to you some bait ates the objeciion to a repeal of duties on ar hour ago, which I must b. excused for bringing ticles of luxury. Under the plan i propose, up again to the notice of the Senate. General the repeal will be purchased, not granted gra. Hanilton spoke of the AMERICAN SY5. tuitously; and the laborer that never uses a TEM; and he is the first individual, so far as my luxury will have the benefit of the repeal of reading extends, that ever pronunced that duty on all articles of that description in the phrase. But, in what sense did he use it ? improved markets which it will obtain for his For the destruction of foreign cummerce? think produce abroad. you! and the substitution of a delusive home Sir, let no une object to the trial--the er. trade and domestic manufactures? No, Sir ! periment-of this sysłem, upon a self made but for the preservation, the extension, the pro. prediction that it may not succeed. Sinister motion of foreign trade! tu exek it to the high. predictions are a very common, but a very misest point of prosperity! and that by a viscrimi-erable, substitute for solid argument. They dating duty! This was General Hamilton's are insidious objections, often disguised in can. idea of an AMERICAN SYSTEM! Tus was dor, founded in hostility. They aid the fothe system, this the policy, which, in the glow. reign powerfby suggesting to them an a Iverse ing language of that ardent man, was to enable policy, and confirming them in scheines of ht, Bol to cut the connexion, bui lo DICTATE the counteraction. Such predictions belong to

61

the enemy, or to those feeble minds to which dish West Indies and the United States; an inevery attempt is an impossibility-who see de. stance which I cite, not for adoption to the ex. feat in every undertaking. Let such be con- tent he proposed, but to show the general tent with their own inactivity without throwing feeling in favor of a just reciprocily in trade. cold water upon the ardor of others. Let the Nor do I despair of England. The vast majori. timid stand back. They could do nothing if ty of her people, and a powerful minority in they tried. "Fuint heart never won fuir lady." Parliament, have always been in favor of reLet the bold go forward. Let ibose try who laxation in her corn laws; the reform of the re. have the spirit of victory within them, í pre presentation, now in progress, is expected to dict auspiciously for my country. I predict effect that reform in legislativn; and a circum. success, and the most beneficial consequences, stance just occurred in England raises my ex: from a trial of the discriminating system. We pectation of its early success. It is the refusal can abolish sixteen millions of duties; we can of the titular Lord Milton to accept a peerget one half our commerce free; all Europe age, and go into the House of Lords because wants a share in that free trade; and every he wishi s to remain in the House of Commons power in Europe will bid for it, and grant equiv. till the corn laws are repealed. alents for it, if not gratuitously abandoned to Mr. President, I hope I have been fortunate them. Why should we abandon such a privi enough to make myself intelligible to the Se lege! Why not avail ourselves of all our fair nate. I certainly understand myself, whether advantages? We hold a lever by which we others do or not. I am an enemy to unneces. can lift ihe commercial system of the world; sary taxation, and mean to vote for reducing we occupy a position which enables us to com- the revenue to the wants of the Government. mand the commerce of all nations, a position I am an enemy to public debt, to its substance which, in the language of General Hamilton, as well as to its shadow-and mean to vote for enables us to diciate ihe terms of the connex. relief from the BURTHENS as well as relief from ion between America and Europe. Why re- the Name of our present debt. I am a friend to fuse to work thal lever? Why forego the ad. domestic industry : and intend to give it a fair vantages of such a position? Why abandon protection under the regular exercise of the forty millions of free irade to the gratuitous en revenue raising power. I am a friend to w ja: joyment of foreign nations? Why not ask for dicious tariff, in contradistinction to an injudi. equivalents? Why not ask for a reduction of cious, or a political, or a sectional one ; and sixteen millions of duties on our exports of mean to have regard to every public interest.com grain and provisions, tobacco, rice, four,. &c. the farmer as well as the manufacturer-the in return for a reduction of sixteen millions consumer as well as the producer-the impor. here upon the imports of silks and wines, lin- ter as well as the exporter-in adjusting the fu. ens and worsted stuff goods, coffee, &c., which ture scale of the tariff duties. Above all, I am we receive from foreign nations? why not try a friend lo the cultivators of the earth, and the system of the constitution, in a conjuncture m-an to labor hard to give them some benefit 60 favorable!--which may never recur again- from the reduction of the revenue, in lowering when success is now so certain, --and the ad. the price of LAND! and abolishing the tax on vantages so great? When the attempt exposes SALT. Por the rest, I am in favor of action, not nothing to risk, and failure would leave all words. I am for going to work on the tariffe things just as they are. I ask for a chance, bill, and ceasing to debate on the tariff resolu. and nothing but a chance. I ask it in the tions. I am in favor of dropping both the reso. name of the constitution, and the good of the lutions before us, and sending anulher to the country. If we are defeated, let the defeat committee, directing that committee to bring come from abroad. If the Constitution cannot in the whole tariff in one bill-every item now work-if its theory of regulating trade by diso subject to duly; that we may take it up for criminating duties, is a fallacy--if the Constitu. decision ; begin at the beginning, and go to tion is to fail in the main object for which it the end; altering what we can alter, and show. was formed, and without which it would not ing the result to the people, for their approval have been formed-let it, at least, have a trial for condemnation. This is what I am now for ; first. Let the failure be proved upon experi- and for this purpose, I now conclude my speech, ment, and not acknowledged upon anticipation. and offer you a resolution in amendment, or

But it will not fail. Authentic facts enable me substitution for those which are now dependo to say it will not. France has actually began ing. the system of discrimina:ing duties with us. I allude to the arrangement upon wines and cot

APPENDIX. tons, which the late treaty contains. Another power which I do not name, for a season which

No. 1. the Senate well understand, is now actually Extract from the last annual message of Precomplaining that we do not begin the system siden Jackson with her; and that power is one of our best This extract relates to the reduction of customers for Tobacco, and the very best cus- revenue, the proper adjustment of the duties tomer we have for rice. The Governor Gene. for the protection of national interests, and ibe sal of the Swedish West Indies," from a third counteraction of fureign adverse policy. It power, made a visit to this city two years ag.. shows the Presi ent's sentiments on these to propose the same policy between the Swe- points ; and is perfectly consistent with his let

ter to Dr. Coleman, his votes in the Senate in Spain

7,773 459,403 1824, his answer to Gov. Rar, of Indiana, and Italy and Malta

1,255 86,091 all his other messages ; and leaves no room for West Indies (about) 3,000 260,000 charging him with concealment, or double Gibraltar

2,632 147,946 dealing

Sweden and Norway 1,822 123,407 “The confidence with which the extinguish. British American Colonies 428 29,756 ment of the public debt may be anticipated, The total amount of exports of tobacco presents an opportunity for carrying into effect from the United States, of which many small more fully the policy in relation to import du

parcels went to nations not mentioned above, ties, which has been recommended in my for

was 83,810 hogsheads, worth $5,586,350. mer messages. A modification of the tariff, which shall produce a reduction of our revenue

No. 4. to the wants of the Government, and an avljust

. IMPORTATIONS of foreign fides, hemp, ment of the duties on imports with a view to

wool, indigo, and furs, since the tariff of equal justice in relation to all our national in. teate, and to the counteraction of foreign poli.

1824, to show that the protections of the

American sy tem do not extend to the pro. ey, so far as it may be injurious to those inter

ducts of the American farmer.
ests
, is deemed to be one of the principal ob.

1825.
1826.

1827. jects which demand the consideration of the

Hides 2,089,187 present Congress. Justice to the interests of

2,460,854 1,090,317 the merchant as well as the manufacturer, re

Hemp 431,787 551,391 635,850

Wool quires that material reductions in the import du

552,079 446,768 379,839 ties be prospective: and unless the present Con.

Indigo 547,292 1,267,439 228,133

Furs gress shall dispose of the subject, the proposed

343, 114 298,052 344,560 reductions cannot properly be made to take

1828.
1829.

1830. effect at the period when ihe necessity for the Hides 1,530,123 1,902,443 2,099,776 revenue arising from present rates shall cease. Hemp 1,075,243 653,691 194,152 It is therefore desirable, that arrangements be Wool

488,851 204,648 adopted at your present session, to relieve the Indigo 1,412, 149 1,104,402 275,352 people from unnecessary tazation, after the ex

Furs 480,465 329,730 281,31 tinguishment of the public debt.' In the exercise of that spirit of concession and conciliation

No. 5. which has distinguished the friends of our Uni. EXTRACTS from the annual Treasury Reon in all great emergencies, it is believed that ports of Messrs. Crawford, Rush, Ingham, this object may be effected without injury to

and McLane, to show the quantity of foreign any national interest."

Salt, duty free, allowed to the fisheries for

the years menrioned. No. 2.

Years. Bushels. | Years. Bushels. STATEMENT of coin and bullion annually im- 1820 835,500 1826 1,148,415

ported into the United States from foreign 1821 1,085,017 | 1827 1,134,250 countries , for the last ten years, to show the 1822

939 575 1 1828 1,075,234 necessity of foreign commerce for the supply 1823 954,476 1829 1,241,211 of the precious metals.

1824
938,223 1830

1.418,995 Bullion. Coin. 1825 1,058,350 | 1831 1,131,500

$ 84,890 $7,980,000 These extracts only extend to twelve 1822

411,444 2,958, 402 years; but the allowance has been at nearly the 1823

230.771 4,867,125 same rate for about forty years. The whole 1824

331,384 8,053,443 quantity thus allowed, duty free, is near twen. 1825

519,847 5,630,918 ty-five millions of bushels; the duty being paid 1826

578,281 6,402,685 back by the Government to the amount of four 1827

513,546 7,637,476 Inillions seven hundred and forty-four thousand 1828

534,713 6,955,028 dollars. This is one of the most unjust fiatures 1829

947,745 6,455,867 in the salt tax. It is a levy of the tax upon the 1830

1,164,610 6,991,354 south and west, and not upon the northeast. 666,941 5,105,808

No. 6. $5,984,288 $68,938,106 Extracts from London prices, to show the effect

of the high tariff in raising the price of cloth.

ing in the U. S. No. 3. EXPORTATIONS of tobacco, to show the

Very best great coat, lined with silk,

£4 16s. Od. countries which are our best customers, for

Do black or blue

dress coat 8 13s. 6d Hogsheads. Value. Do frock coat 3 58. Od. 19,910 1,537,744

Do blue or black 22,576 1,135,756 pantaloons

1 14s. 60. 15,318 751,860) Girls cloth coats

23, 6d. to 3s. 60. 7,007 995,996) Women's full do

5s.6d. to 69. 6d.

Years. 1821

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1831 (to June)

that staple, for 1830:
England
The Netherlands
The Hanse Towns
France

IN

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IS PRINTED AT

5.00

Do

Do plaid do
5s. 6d. to 7s.6d.

No. 10.
Do stout black worsted
hose

Money is Power." 6d.

The former Bank of the United States was Men's do

8d. considered as a British institution, and sup. Good wide cotton sheet.

pressed accordingly. The present bank is still ing, (yd.)

3 4 5d.

more obnoxious to the same appellation, and Durable linen do (yd)

5 to 6d. Colored cotton counterpanes,

more deserving of the same fate, for it contains large size

much more British capital. In the former bank,

1s. 8d. to 1s. 61. the foreigners held, (at the time it applied for a Calico shirts

one shilling new charter,) eighteen thousand shares, of Fine Irish linen shirts 3s. 6d. to 4s. 6d $400 each, making seven millions two hundred Strong full sized blankets

2s. 34. thousand dollars of stock; in the present bank, To turn the above prices into United the foreigners now hold in their own names (beSlaies' money, take the pound sterling at $4 75 sides what is held in the names of American -the shilling at 24 cents—he penny at 2

trustees) eighty-four thousand and fiftyfire cents.

shares, of $100 each, making eight millions

four hundred and five thousand five hundred No. 7.

dollars of stock. The rich ruleth the poor, and the borrower is the servant of the lender."

THE UNITED STATES' TELEGRAP A AMOUNT of the United States' Bank debt in

the West, December, 1832. New Orleans

$8,426,664

Washington City, upon the following Terms Mobile 1,656,786 Daily paper, per annum.....

.$ 10 00 Natchez

1,734,770 Country paper, (three times a week dur. Nashville

4,280,140 ing the session, and semi-weekly during
Louisville

3,699,501 the recess of Congress..
Lexington
2,124,503 For six months,

300
Lt. Louis
651,041 Weekly paper,

2 50 Cincinnati (new debt) 2,124,503

Payable in advance.
Cold debt) 1,526,414 A failure to notify the Editor of an intention
Chillicothe (do)

160,753 o discontinue, will be considered as a renewal

of the subscription, which will not be discon. $26,585,075 tinued, except at the option of the Editor, until

all arrearages are paid. The above is due from individuals. About Where five or more subscribers, at one post $1,300,000 are also due from local banks, ma- office, unite and remit, at the same time, two king the whole western debt to Bank United dollars dach, that sum will entitle each to re. States nearly twenty-eight millions. When ceire the weekly paper for one year. this debt is paid, and paid it must be, sooner The price of the weekly paper being two dolor later, “ the tragedy of Cincinnatiwill be lars and fifty cents, cannot be remitted by mail

. re-enacted in the other cities of the west. To avoid this inconvenience the receipt of

any Postmaster will be considered as cash; No. 8.

and all Postmasters receiving money on our AMOUNT of gold and silver coin, and bullion, account, will be recognised as Agents to remit

annually abducted from the West, from 1819 the same in convenient sums. to 1821, and sent to the Bank of the United Annual advertising customers will receive a States, or elsewhere, by her orders. Ex- daily paper, and the use of one square, renewa.

tracted from Senate Document, No. 98. ble once a week for one year, at fifty dollars: 1819 $598,326 | 1827 1,267 ,717 new advertisements to have at least one imser1820

34,072 1828 1,301,481 tion in the inner form of the country paper. 1821 894,072 ( 1829 2,139,397 Advertisements in the daily and country, at 1822 193,354 | 1830

3,151,767 one dollar per square, for the first three, and 1823 1,116,394 1831 3,190,804 twenty-five cents for each subsequeht continu 1824 844,503

ous insertion. No advertisement for less then 1825 531,647

$17,184,192 one dollar. All material alterations are consid1826 1,919,824

ered as new advertisements. Each distant or.

der for an advertisement must be accompanied No. 9.

by the cash, or enclosed through some known Amount of coin and bullion exported in the responsible person. following years:

All money due us, may be transmitted, at our To London,

To Paris. risk, by mail. In all cases the postage muse 1521, $1,813,133

be paid by our correspondents. This item of 1822, 112,764

our expenditure is onerous in the extreme 1827,

$276.721 Advertisements in the weekly, at the rate of 1628,

86,913 1,066,531 one dollar for the first insertion, not exceeding 1830,

200,000 one square. Each subsequent insertion fifty 1831, 255,000

1,047,000 cents per square.

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VOL. VI..............BY DUFF GREEN.. $2.50 PER ANNUM ................No. 8.

THE TARIFF.
The "STATEMENT") submitted to Congress from the Treasury Department, exhibits the
following results:
Amount of existing duties,

$26,370,328
Supposed amount of duties, under Mr. McLine's bill,

15,394,318 Estimated reduction under Mr. McLane's bill,

$10,976,007

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of the ten millions thus proposed to be reduced, the following arethe amounts, respec-
tively, to be taken off froin what are called the protected and the unprotected articles. The list
embraces the principal articles under both heads, and the calculation is believed to be substan-
tially correct, though minute accuracy has not been aimed at. The Treasury statement has
been used as the basis of the calculation. The corrections necessary to be made in that
statement, in order to ascertain the amount of the proposed reduction, and the probable amoung
of revenue, under Mr. McLane's bill, will be slated below.
PROTECTED ARTICLES, viz.Articles which come into competition wilh articles made or

produceil in the United States.

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WOOLLENS
COTTONS
Flax and hemp, manufactures

of
Hemp
Flax
Japanned, tin, plated, gilt,

brass, pewter, and leaden
Ware, manufactures of wood,

leather, and marble
Porcelain, China, earthen, &

stone ware
Glass ware
Sail duck
Cotton bagging
Iron, manufactured
" bar, rolled, hammered,

and steel
Spirits
Molasses
Sugar
Salt
Coal
Wool
Paper

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