Articles now paying dulies, but propised by Mr. McLane to be allowed to come in duty free.

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$25,699,061 $10,880, 101* •The amounts are less than those included in Mr. McLane's statement, because many of the unimportant articles are omitted.

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REXARES.-It will be seen from the above, that it is estimated that Mr. Mc Lane's bill will produce a reduction in the receipls of the Treasury of upwards of len millions per annum, thereby reclucing the amount of receipts from customs, to fifteen millions per annum, to which, if three millions be added for the public lands, the annual revenue will amount to eighteen millions. But this Treasury calculation is founded on erroneous delů, as we think will appear from the following plain statement.

Mr. McLane assumes that there will be reduced under his bill, on the the following articles the amounts stated in the third column, viz: 6,416,016.

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The duties as here stated, from the Treasury statement, are not the existing duties. Un.
der the acts of May, 1830, the duties on all of the above articles were reduced as follows, viz:

Sall.--Duty, 15 cents per bushel, from 31st December, 1830, to 31st December, 1831; and
10 cents per bushal after 31st December, 1831.

Holisses.-After 30th September, 1830, duty 5 cents per gallon; and after that time a
drawback of 4 cen's per gallon on spirits distilled from foreign molosses on exportation, &c.

Coffee.--From 31st December, 1830, the duty on coffee, two cents per pound. From 31st
December, 1831, the duty on coffee, one cent per pound.

. - From 31st December, 1830, the duty on Cucoa, one cent per pound.
Tea.From 31st December, 1831," the reduced rates on teas to take effect as follows, viz:
on Bohea 4 cts; Souchong 10 cts; Hyson 12 cts; Young Hyson 18 cts; Imperial, &c.

Now the reductions estimated in the third column will not take place under Mr. McLane's
bil, but chiefly under the acts of the 20th and 29th May, 1830, which have already gone into
operation. According to an estimate which we have seen on this subject, the amount stated
in the fourth column of the above table is the reduction on these several articles alreudy of
fected by existing laws, which must, of course, be deducted from the ten millions supposed
to be taken off fruta the existing dulies, by Mr. McLane's bill.

From the whole amount of estimated reduction under Mr. McLane's bill $10,976,007
Take the aboye amount of re-ductions provided for by existing laws, 4,665,750
And we have the actual amount of reductions proposed by Mr. McLene, viz: 6,310,257
Which supposing the annual receipt to be $26,370,325, would swell the
amount of revenue from customs to

To which,if $3,000,000 for the public lands be added, we have, as the
probable amount of revenue,

And allowing for the increase of importations incident to reductions, we shall probably have,
under Mr. McLane's bill, an annual revenue of not much short of twenty-four millions, after
the public debt shall be paid off.

Mr. McLane's error consists in assuming the receipts of 1830 as the basis of his calculation,
wbereby he includes in his calculation, duties as existing, which have since been repealed.
The only true busis is the probable receipts at this time, after these reductions have taken place.

The actual receipts for the year 1831, if acsumed as the basis of the calculation, would give
the following results, viz:-
Nett amount from Customs, for the year ending 30th Sept. 1831, $24,224,441
Old Internal Revenue and direct tas


561 Lands

3,210,815 Bank Dividends

490,000 Miscellaneous


Total Receipla of 1831 $28,525,588


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Now, if from this amount, there be taken the reduction under Mr. Mc Lane's bill, we have remaining a revenue of

$22,215,333 But it may be said, that a portion of the duties on salt, molasses, &c. which have been repealed by the Acts of 1830, contributed somewhat to swell the receipts of 1831. We readily admit, that the true basis for our calculations, is the probable receipts hereafter. And here we have the Treasury estimate of those receipts for the year 1832; and we know of no good reason why the receipts of future years should be less.

In the Annual Report of the Secretary of the Treasury, for the present year, it is stated “That from all t e information which the Department has been able to obtain, the receipts into the Treasury, during the year 1832, may be estimated at

$30,100,000 viz: Customs” [excluding, of course, the dušies herelofore taken off from salt, teas, molasses, &c. under the acts of May, 1830)

$26,500,000 “Public Lands

3,000,000 Bank Dividends

470,000 Incidental Receipts

110,000" Now, if from the recepts of 1832

$30,100,000 There be taken the amount of the reduction under Mr. McLane's bill, we have



As the probable amount of revenue, should Mr. McLane's bill become a law; which, if the expenses of the Government be estimated at twelve millions, will leave an iirmense annual surplus in the Treasury. lfathere be error in this estimate, we shall be glad to see it pointed out.

We have only a few additional remarks to offer on this subject. As far as the amount of re ductions proposed by Mr. McLane's bill is intended to relieve the public burdens, they are, in part, counterbalanced by the cash duties, the diminished credits, the lax on auctions, and the proposed bounty on ships. Mr. McLane includes, in his estimate of reductions, the whole amount of duties saved to the merchant by the proposed abolition of the 10 and 20 per cent. now added to the value of goods. The amount of this saving may be seen from the Treasury statement, to be upwards of half a million of dollars. Now, the cash and auction duties proposed in the bill, cannot be estimated at less than .

$1,500,000 The bounty on ships will amount to at least


Making, together,


It is true, these amounts will not go into the treasury, but they are surely burdens on the people, imposed for the benefit of the manufacturer; and, if deducted from the six millions of estimated reductions, will leave the public burdens, under the proposed tariff, lightened only by about four or five millions of dollars per annum, even if Mr. McLane's bill should become a law. But if, as is now pretty well understood, the tariff party in Congress intend to strike out of that bill the proposed reduction on woollens, wool, iron, and salt, amounting to upwards of two millions of dollars, there will, in point of fact, be no reduction worthy of the name. Mr. DICKERSON's bill we have had no opportunity of examining, with sufficient care, to attempt to trace its practical operation. On woollens, iron, and some other articles, the reduce tion proposed is considerably less than is provided for by Mr. McLane's bill, and we are con• fident it will appear, from calculation, that it will produce a larger revenue than the Treasury scheme itself; and it is very certain, that neither of the measures will afford any substantial re. lief to the people from the burdens of the present tariff. We have thrown out these views and calculations in order to call public attention to this subject. , If we have fallen into errors, we shall feel ourselves under obligations to any one who will point out and correct them. Our only object, is truth, and our end, justice.

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MR. VAN BUREN ON THE MISSOURI not only voted for him, but wrote a book in his

favor; and we put it to Mr. Ritchie to say,
Having heard that Mr. Van Buren voted in what considerations have induced him to prefer
favor of the resolution adopted by the Legis Mr. Van Buren for tbe Vice Presidency io Mr.
lature of New York, against the admission of Barbour.

, except upon the condition that she This proof of the course which he pursued would first surrender her sovereign rights as on those trying occasions, consummales his State, we addressed a letter to a gentleman in offences against the South. Yet Virginia's Albany, who enclosed us the following extraci apostate son sings hosannas to his name!! Is from the Journals :

this the reason why Mr. Ritchie favors eman"IN SENATE OF THE STATE OF NEW cipation! He is truly overpowered by the YORK- JANUARY 19, 1820.

magician's spell!!
"A cony of a resolution from the Honorable
the Assembly, delivered by their clerk, was

The New York Commercial Advertiser says:
read, and is in the words following, lo wit:
"Whereas, the inhibiting the further ex-

“ The Charleston Mercury, of the 27th ult., tension of slavery in these United States, is a contains an account of the last anniversary dina subject of deep concern among the people of ner at Charleston St. George's Society. The this Stale; and whereas we consider slavery as fourth regular toast is as follows: an evil much to be deplored, and that every

" The British Constitution—The great charconstitutional barrier should be interposed to ter of rational liberty-destined to fourish, in prevent its further estension; and that the undiminished strength, amidst the wreck of tyCoristitution of the United States clearly gives rants and the overthrow of demagogues.” Congress the right to require, of new States

Among the volunteer toasts was this:
not comprised within the original boundaries of
these United States, the prohibition of slavery,

By Mr. Battersby. South Carolina-her as a condition of its admission into the Unionsons, preparing bier soil for the sun showers of Therefore,

the Heavens, determined that the bigliest bid. "Resulted, (if the Honorable the Senate con- der should be the purchaser of her product." cur herein,) That our Senators be instructed, And then adds: and our Representatives in Congress be re quested to oppose the admission as a State into

“ Are we to infer that a treaty is actually on the Union, any territory not comprised as the tapis between the sovereign State of South aforesaid, without the probibition of slavery Carolina and the British government?" therein an indispensable condition of admission We can discover, in some of the leading pa-Therefore,

pers which support the election of Mr. Clay, a "Resolved, That measures be taken by the disposiljon tu follow in the wake of the Nationclerks of the Senate and Assembly of this Stalę, al Intelligencer and the Globe, in calumniating to transnitc pies of the preceding resolution to the South, and particularly South Carolina. each of our Senators and Representatives in the editor of the Commercial Advertiser knows Congress.

that the St. George's Society is composed of "Therefore

British subjecis, and that their eulogy of the "Ordered, That the consideration of the said British Constitution has no more to do with the resolution be postponed.

views of South Carolina than the publication of "IN SENATE-Jan. 20, 1820.

a British paper, by a British subject, in New "The Senate took up the consideration of York, has to do with the politics and principles the resolutions from the Honorable the Assem. of New York. Why, then, does he insinuate bly, as entered on the Journals of the Senate ur so foul a slander? Does the editor of the Comyesterday, relative to the inhibition of slavery. mercial not know that a repetition of the slan“Therefore,

ders of the Globe and Intelligencer will go far "Resolved that the Senate do concur with lto confirm the beliet, which already prevails to the Honorable the Assembly in their said a great extent, that these slanders form part of resolutions.

ihe policy of Mr. Clay's friends, and receive "The ayes and noes were not called in the countenance from himself. The threat contain: Senate, on these resolutions. The next year,

ed in Mr. Clay's address to the Young Men's resolutions were passed by the legislature, Conventio in this city, that, if elected, he approving of the principles of the above re

would employ the military power of the Exesolutions. But Mr. Van Buren was not then a cutive to enforce the tariff, though evidently men.ber

, his term having expired with the intended to exhibit the inconsistency of Gen. previous session."

Jackson's threatening South Carolina while he "IN SENATE OF NEW YORK, Jan. 8, 1820. protec's Georgia, will receive the same con.

"The Senate proceeded to ballot for a United
States Senator, in place of Rufus King, whose

South Carolina is not engaged, nor will she term expired on the 4th of March preceding

enter into the intrigues adopted by either of the "All ile Senators, 32, voted for Rufus King, and nobler cause. She makes war upon op

candida'es for the Presidency. She has a higher Mr. Van Buren amongst the number."

The part which Mr King took in the Mis pression -her's is the cause of liberty, and she souri question, is well known. Mr. Van Buren will maintain i', let who will be President.

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man,) has, in truth, already moved an amend.

ment to one of the appropriation bills, in the WASHINGTON, 30th April, 1832.

House, involving an expenditure of upwards Sın : The mammoih Pension Bill was at of six hundred thousand dollars, to improve length brought up, in the Senate, on Friday harbors, rivers, creeks, sea walls, &c.; all of last, where the debate, on the part of the south, which, as usual, is to pass off to the favored was opened with great spirit by Mr. Mangum, regions of the country, with scarcely a cent to of South Carolina, who opposed the bill in a the whole length of the coast from the mouth short, but excellent speech. By the bye, the of the Chesapeake to that of the Sabine ! independent and spirited course of Mr. Man- With the aid of these and similar measures, it gum places him in the first rank of the advo will not be difficult to draw from the Treasury cales of southern interests.. ..M: Buckner, of an annual an.ount equal to the interest of the Missouri, also opposed the bill in a short and public debt, which is about to be finally dis. spirited speech ; who was succeeded on the charged, and which must have the effect of same side, in a very animated speech, by that depriving the tax paying portion of the country true and faithful democrat, Judge Biob, of Ken. of all the benefits which have been so joyfully tucky. He is of the old Virginia school-a whig anticipated from that great event. of the school of '98. Gen. Hayne, of South While this process is going on with a view Carolina, commenced an argumentative and of keeping up the vendue, it is distressing to eloquent speech on the same side ; but before witness the course of some of the Representahe concluded, the Senate adj. urned. He re. tives, even' from the southern States, who ap. bumes, to-day, and no doubt the conclusion will pear far more solicitous to defend the abuses of be worthy of the commencement. I trust that Jibe Administration than to protect the interest the voice of the Virginia Senators will be heard of their constituents ;-but' touch one of the on the same side.

Departments, on the smallest point, and you This measure is very little understood in the will find the individuals to whom I allude, im. country. Under the show of zeal 19 reward re-mediately on their feet exerting themselves volutionary services, it is, we feur, but a fi cal with all their abilities and zeal on the side of arrangement, intended to draw money' out of power ; while they daily witness the sacrifice, the Treasury, and to distribute it in a favored with almost perfect indifference, and without section of the l'nion ; and in this light it may raising a finger, of those interests which they be considered as a part of the American Sys. were sent here to protect. tem-a device to keep up high taxes to justify At the head of this class, in the Senate, frutb the project of the Secretary of the Treasury, compels me to place Mr. Forsyth. I name him, which i herewith enclose. By way of opinion, as I cannot suppose that it will wound his feel. I must remark, that the project of the Secrela.ings, appearing, as he does, to take a pride in ry is understood here to have been matured being considered the special advocate of the under the advice of Mr.

Niles, the editor of "powers that be.” He is certainly a man of the Register ; of Mr. R. Fisher, the editor of talents and experience. He is a ready debater, the paper set up by the Manufacturers' Con- combining ease with considerable force ; but vention, lately, held in New York ; and Mr. all these qualities are lost to his section and to Brown, of Buston, a large woollen manufac- the country. His attention appears to be ex. turer, possessing more infuence over the ma. clusively confined to the defence of those in pufacturers, perhaps, than any other man in power; and in the performance of this task, the United States, and the same y ho moved in he acts with a vigilance, alacrity, and zeal, that the Convention, lately held in the city of New cannot be surpassed, and only* equalled by his York, a prohibition on woollen goods ! It is not indifference in reference to the great questions understood that the Secretary consulied a sin. which are now at issue, and which involve not gle individual connected with the great staple unly the fate of the south, but the union and interest of the country! Thus advised, it is not liberty of the country. at all surprising that he should fix the rate of I intended to bave spoken of the course which duties higher than they were in the act of 1826, things are taking in the House, where, I am when we had a debt of one hundred and thirty sorry to say, that some of your prominent mem. millions hanging over the country; nor that his bers are acting a part in all respects similar to project shouid contain the new and dangerous that of Mr. Forsyth in the Senate ; but I have provisions to grant bounties, to lay a vendue already trespassed beyond the limit I had pro. iax, to abolish the credit system, and to substi. posed. This, and some other matters, I must tute cash payment ! But to return to the pen reserve until I write again. sions. This, as I have already said, ought to be considered as a mere project to spend mo. ney. The amount which it would draw fiom the Treasury is uncertain ; it, friends estimate WASHINGTON AND MADISON CONit from half a million to a million of dollarse, TRASTED WITH JACKSON. but, judging from past experience, I would say, The second nomination to office by President that ihree millions is a moderate estimate. This Washington, under the Constitution, was on measure, no doubt, will be fuilowed by others, the 3d August, 1789, and contained the name with the same object. Mr. Verplanck, of N. of B. Fishbourn, as naval officer at Savannah, York, (a thorough going Jackson Van Buren Georgia, which nomination the Senate rejected


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