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UNITED STATES WEEKLY TELEGRAPH.

Articles now paying duties, but proposed by Mr. McLane to be allowed to come in duty free,

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Quills, - - - -
Hair cloths, - - - -
Bolting do. - - - -
Quicksilver, - - - -
Brass in plates, - - -
Tin in do. - - - -
Saltpetre, - - - * -
Opium, - - - -
Fruits, - - - -
Spices, • - - -
Pepper, pimento, and cassia, - -
Indigo, - - - -
Corks, - - - -
Camphor, - - - -
Cocoa, - - - -

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Unprotected articles.

Silk, -- - - - -
Lace goods, - - - -
Gold and silver, - - -
Haus, Leghorn, - - -
Articles non-enumerat - -
Wines, - - - -
Teas, - - - -
Coffee, - - - -

RECAPITULATION OF THE ABOVE.

Amount of du-Proposed reduc-|Amount errone || Actual amount ties under the tion according |ueously includ- of reduction-un’ present tariffac- to same “state-led in the fore.] der Mr. Mccording to the ment.” going, but al. Lane's bill. “statement.” ready reduced under the acts of 1830. (See table below.) Potected articles. $15,935,734 $3,731,979 Unprotected articles. 8,627,970 6,012.765 $4,665,750 $6,310,257 Free articles. 1,135,357 1,135,357 $25,699,061" | $10,880, 191* -->

"the amounts are less than those included in Mr. McLane's statement, because many of the unimportant articles are omitted.

Romanrs.—It will be seen from the above, that it is estimated that Mr. McLane's bill will produce a reduction in the receipts of the Treasury of upwards of ten millions per annum, thereby reducing the amount of receipts from customs, to fifteen millions per annum, to which, if three millions be added for the public lands, the annual revenue will amount to eighteen millions. But this Treasury calculation is founded on erroneous data, as we think will sppear from the following plain statement.

Mr. McLane assumes that there will be reduced under his bill, on the the following articles,

the amounts stated in the third column, viz; 6,416,016.

.Amount of present .Amount of proposed

duty. reduction.
- $4,376 $4,376
- 8,360 8,360
- 1,566 1,566
- 51,837 51,837
- 1,750 1,750
- 64,499 64,499
- 4,429 4,429
- 23,033 23,033
- 331,518 331,518
- 61,391 61,391
- 319,580. 319 580
- 185,347 185,347
- 16,467 16,467
- 8,555 8,555
- 52,649 . 52,649
$1,135,357 $1,135,357
- $1,485,694 $245,891
- 113,437 10,312
- 52,306 4,755
- 179,736 81,699
- 725,985 455,365
- 584,018 86,010
- 2,912,372 2,821,562

: 2,574,412 2,316,971 .
$8,627,970 * 36,012,765

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o, * -Existing duty stated at—” Amount of Do. under | Proposed Amou. "a duties under | proposed ta. | reduction. lion unpresent tariff riff. of 18. Salt, 20 cents per bushel - || $1,074,829 $268,702 $806,127 $537,414 Coffee, 5 cents per pound - 2,574,412 257,441 2,316-971 2,059,529 Cocoa, 2 do do - 52,649 free. 53,649 26,324 Molasses, 10 cents per gallon - 837,414 418,707 418,707 418,707 Trus—Per lb. Bohea, 12 cents - - 18,359 h Souchong and other blk, 25 cts 541,535 || Hyson skin and green, 28 cts - 543,392 Hyson and young hyson, 40 cts | 1,477,852 } 86,094 2,821,562, 1,623,746 Imperial, gunpowder, and Go- J mee, 50 cents - - 326,518 7,446,960 1,030,944 6,416,016 4 665 750

* The duties as here stated, from the Treasury statement, are not the existing duties. Un-
der the acts of May, 1830, the duties on all of the above articles were reduced as follows, viz:
Sull-Duty, 15 cents per bushel, from 31st December, 1830, to 31st December, 1831; and
10 cents per bushal after 31st December, 1831.
Molusses.—After 30th September, 1830, duty 5 cents per gallon; and after that time a
drawback of 4 cen's per gallon on spirits distilled from foreign molosses on exportation, &c.
Coffee—From 31st December, 1830, the duty on coffee, two cents per pound. From 31st
December, 1831, the duty on coffee, one cent per pound.
Cocoa-From 31st December, 1830, the duty on Cocoa, one cent per pound.
Toa-From 31st December, 1831, the reduced rates on teas to take effect as follows, viz:
on Bollea 4 cts; Souchong 10 cts; Hyson 12 cts; Young Hyson 18 cts; Imperial, &c.

Now the reductions estimated in the third column will not take place under Mr. McLane's bill, butchiefly under the acts of the 20th and 29th May, 1830, which have already gone into operation. According to an estimate which we have seen on this subject, the amount stated in the fourth column of the above table is the reduction on these several articles already ef. feded by existing laws, which must, of course, be deducted from the ten millions supposed to be taken off from the existing duties, by Mr. McLane's bill.

From the whole amount of estimated reduction under Mr. McLane's bill $10,976,007

Take the aboye amount of re-ductions provided for by existing laws, - 4,665,750

And we have the actual amount of reductions proposed by Mr. McLane, viz: 6,310,257
which supposing the annual receipt to be $26,370,325, would swell the

amount of revenue from customs to - - - - - 20,000,000
To which,if $3,000,000 for the public lands be added, we have, as the
probable amount of revenue, - - - - - - 23,000,000

And allowing for the increase of importations incident to reductions, we shall probably have,
under Mr. McLane's bill, an annual revenue of not much short of twenty-four millions, after
the public debt shall be paid off.
Mr. McLane's error consists in assuming the receipts of 1830 as the basis of his calculation,
whereby he includes in his calculation, duties as existing, which have since been repealed.
The only true basis is the probable receipts at this time, atter these reductions have taken place.
The adual receipts for the year 1831, if assumed as the basis of the calculation, would give
the following results, viz.:-
Nett amount from Customs, for the year ending 30th Sept. 1831, - $24,224,441

Old Internal Revenue and direct tax - - - - - - - 17,439
Postage - - - - - - - - - - - - 561
Lands - - - - - - - - - - - - 3,210,815
Bank Dividends . - - - - - - - - - - 490,000
Miscellaneous - - - - - - - - - - - 582,330

Total Receipts of 1831. $28,525,588

228 UNITED STATES WEEKLY TELEGRAPH.

Now, if from this amount, there be taken the reduction under Mr. Mc Lane's bill, we have remaining a revenue of - - - - - - $22,215,333 But it may be said, that a portion of the duties on salt, molasses, &c. which have been repealed by the Acts of 1830, contributed somewhat to swell the receipts of 1831. We readily admit, that the true basis for our calculations, is the probable receipts hereafter. And here we have the toury estimate of those receipts for the year 1832; and we know of no good reason why the receipts of future years should be less. In the Annual Report of the Secretary of the Treasury, for the present year, it is stated— “That from all t e information which the Department has been able to obtain, the receipts into the Treasury, during the year 1832, may be estimated at - - $30,100,000 viz: Customs” [excluding, of course, the duties herefosore taken off from salt,

teas, molasses, &c. under the acts of May, 1830) - - - - $26,500,000 “Public Lands - - - - s - - - - - - 3,000,000 Bank Dividends - - - - - - - - - - - 470,000 Incidental Receipts - - - - - - - - - - 110,000” Now, if from the recepts of 1832 - - - - - - - $30,100,000

There be taken the amount of the reduction under Mr. McLane's bill,
we have - - - - - - - - - - - - 6,310,257

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As the probable amount of revenue, should Mr. McLane's bill become a law; which, if the expenses of the Government be estimated at twelve millions, will leave an immense annual surplus in the Treasury. If there be error in this estimate, we shall be glad to see it pointed out. We have only a few additional remarks to offer on this subject. As far as the amount of re ductions proposed by Mr. McLane's bill is intended to relieve the public burdens, they are, in part, counterbalanced by the cash duties, the diminished credits, the tax on auctions, and the proposed bounty on ships. Mr. McLane includes, in his estimate of reductions, the whole amount of duties saved to the merchant by the proposed abolition of the 10 and 20 per cent. now added to the value of goods. The amount of this saving may be seen from the Treasury statement, to be upwards of half a million of dollars. Now, the cash and auction duties proposed in the bill, cannot be estimated at less than - - - • * * - - - - - - - $1,500,000 The bounty on ships will amount to at least - - - - - - 2000 *

Making, together, - - - - - - - - - - - $1,700,000

It is true, these amounts will not go into the treasury, but they are surely burdens on the peo" ple, imposed for the benefit of the manufacturer; and, if deducted from the six millions of etimated reductions, will leave the public burdens, under the proposed tariff, lightened only by about four or five millions of dollars per annum, even if Mr. McLane's bill should become * law. But if, as is now pretty well understood, the tariff party in Congress intend to strike out of that bill the proposed reduction on woollens, wool, iron, and salt, amounting to upwards of two millions of dollars, there will, in point of fact, be no reduction worthy of the name. Mr. Dickkason's bill we have had no opportunity of examining, with sufficient care, to attempt to trace its practical operation. On woollems, iron, and some other articles, the reduction proposed is considerably less than is provided for by Mr. McLane's bill, and we are confident it will appear, from calculation, that it will produce a larger revenue than the Treasury scheme itself, and it is very certain, that neither of the measures will afford any substantial relief to the people from the burdens of the present tariff. We have thrown out these views and calculations in order to call public attention to this subject. If we have fallen into errors, we shall feel ourselves under obligations to any one who will point out and correct them. Our only object, is truth, and our end, justice.

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MR. WAN BUREN ON THE MISSOURI QUESTION.

Haring heard that Mr. Van Buren voted in favor of the resolution adopted by the Legis lature of New York, against the admission of Missouri, except upon the condition that she would first surrender her sovereign rights as a State, we addressed a letter to a gentleman in Albany, who enclosed us the following extrac from the Journals :

“IN SENATE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK-JANUAar 19, 1820.

"A ceny of a resolution from the Honorable the Assembly, delivered by their clerk, was read, and is in the words following, to wit: “Whereas, the inhibiting the further extension of slavery in these United States, is a subject of deep concern among the people of this State; and whereas we consider slavery as an evil much to be deplored, and that every constitutional barrier should be interposed to prevent its further extension; and that the Colstitution of the United States clearly gives Congress the right to require, of new States not comprised within the original boundaries of these United States, the prohibition of slavery, as a condition of its admission into the Union— Therefore, *“Resulted, (if the Honorable the Senate concut herein.) That our Senators be instructed, and our Representatives in Congress be re quested to oppose the admission as a State into the Union, any territory not comprised...as oteoid, without the prohibition of slavery therein an indispensable condition of admission -Therefore, "Roulted, That measures be taken by the orks of the Senate and Assembly of this State, to transmit copies of the preceding resolution to each of our Senators and Representatives in Congress. "Therefore"Ordered, That the consideration of the said resolution be postponed.

"IN SENATE–Jax. 20, 1820. "The Senate took up the consideration of the reolutions fom the Honorable the Assem. o,” entered on the Journals of the senate of yesterday, relative to the inhibition of slavery. “Therefore, “Resolved that the Senate do concur with the Honorable the Assembly in their said resolutions. "The ayes and noes were not called in the Senate, on these resolutions. The next year, resolutions were passed by the legislature, *PProving of the principles of the above re*lutions. But Mr. Van Buren was not then a *ber, his term having expired with the Previous session.” "IN senate OF NEW YORK, JAN. 8, 1820. “The Senate proceeded to ballot for a United States Senator, in place of Rufus King, whose term expired on the 4th of March preceding ” "All the Senators, 32, voted for Rufus King, Mr. Van Buren amongst the number.” The part which Mir King took in the Ms.

not only voted for him, but wrote a book in his favor; and we put it to Mr. Ritchie to say, what considerations have induced him to prefer Mr. Van Buren for the Vice Presidency to Mr. Barbour.

This proof of the course which he pursued on those trying, occasions, consummates his offences against the South. Yet Virginia’s apostate son sings hosannas to his name!! Is this the reason why Mr. Ritchie favors emancipation? He is truly overpowered by the magician's spell!! .

The New York Commercial Advertiser says:

“The Charleston Mercury, of the 27th ult., contains an account of the last anniversary dinner at Charleston St. George's Society. The fourth regular toast is as follows: “The British Constitution—The great charter of rational liberty—destined to flourish, in undiminished strength, amidst the wreck of ty. rants and the overthrow of demagogues.”

Among the volunteer toasts was this:

“By Mr. Battersby. South Carolina—her sons, preparing her soil for the sun showers of the Heavens, determined that the highest bidder should be the purchaser of her product.”

And then adds:

“Are we to infer that a treaty is actually on the tapis between the sovereign State of South Carolina and the British government?”

We can discover, in some of the leading papers which support the election of Mr. Clay, a disposition to follow in the wake of the National Intelligencer and the Globe, in calumnisting the South, and particularly South Carolina.-The editor of the Commercial Advertiser knows that the St. George's Society is composed of British subjects, and that their eulogy of the British Constitution has no more to do with the views of South Carolina than the publication of a British paper, by a British subject, in New York, has to do with the politics and principles of New, York. Why, then, does he insinuate so foul a slander? Does the editor of the Commercial not know that a repetition of the slanders of the Globe, and Intelligencer will go far to confirm the belief, which already prevails to a great extent, that these slanders form part of the policy of Mr. Clay's friends, and receive countenance from himself. The threat contain. ed in Mr. Clay's address to the Young Men's Conventio , in this city, that, if elected, he would employ the military power of the Executive to enforce the tariff, though evidently intended to exhibit the intonsistency of Gen. Jackson's threatening South Carolin, while he protec's Georgia, will receive the same con. struction.

South Carolina is not engaged, nor will she enter into the intrigues adopted by either of the candida'es for the Presidency. She has a higher and nobler cause. . She makes war upon oppression-her's is the cause of liberty, and she

*riquestion, is well known. Mr. Van Buren

will montain i", let who will be President.

FROM THE WIRGIN IA TIMES.

Washington, 30th April, 1832.

SIn : The mammoth Pension Bill was at length brought up, in the Senate, on Friday last, where the debate, on the part of the south, was opened with great spirit by Mr. Mangum, of South Carolina, who opposed the bill in a short, but excellent speech. By the bye, the independent and spirited course of Mr. Mangum places him in the first tank of the advo cates of southern interests. Mr. Buckner, of Missouri, also opposed the bill in a short and spirited speech i who was succeeded on the same side, in a very animated speech, by that true and faithful democrat, Judge Biob, of Ken. tucky. He is of the old Virginia school—a whig of the school of '98. Gen. Hayne, of South Carolina, commenced an argumentative and eloquent speech on the same side ; but before he concluded, the Senate adjourned. He re. sumes, to-day, and no doubt the conclusion will be worthy of the commencement. I trust that the voice of the Virginia Senators will be heard on the same side.

This measure is very little understood in the country. Under the show of zeal to reward revolutionary services, it is, we fear, but a fiscal arrangement, intended to draw money'out of the Treasury, and to distribute it in a fovored section of the Union ; and in this light it may be considered as a part of the American Sys. tem—a device to keep up high taxes to justify the project of the Secretary of the Treasury, which I here with enclose. By way of opinion, I must remark, that the project of the Secreta. ry is understood here to have been matured under the advice"of Mr. Niles, the editor of the Register ; of Mr. R. Fisher, the editor ol the paper set up by the Manufacturers’ Convention, lately held in New York; and Mr. Brown, of Boston, a large woollen manufacturer, possessing more influence over the manufacturers, perhaps, than any other man in the United States, and the same who moved in the Convention, lately held in the city of New York, a prohibition on woollen goods ! It is not understood that the Secretary consulted a single individual connected with the great staple interest of the country Thus advised, it is not at all surprising that he should fix the rate of duties higher than they were in the act of 1826, when we had a debt of one hundred and thirty millions hanging over the country; nor that his project should contain the new and dangerous provisions to grant bounties, to lay a vendue iax, to abolish the credit system, and to substi. tute cash payment : But to return to the pensions. This, as I have already said, ought to be considered as a mere project to spend mo: mey. The amount which it would draw foom the Treasury is uncertain ; it, friends estimate it from half a million to a million of dollarse, but, judging from past experience, I would say, that three inillions is a moderate estimate. This measure, no doubt, will be followed by others, with the same object. Mr. Verplanck, of N. York, (a thorough going Jackson Van Buren

man,) has, in truth, already moved an amendment to one of the appropriation bills, in the House, involving an expenditure of upwards of six hundred thousand dollars, to improve harbors, rivers, creeks, sea walls, &c.; all of which, as usual, is to pass off to the favored regions of the country, with scarcely a cent to the whole length of the coast from the mouth of the Chesapeake to that of the Sabine! With the aid of these and similar measures, it will not be difficult to draw from the Treasury an annual an ount cqual to the interest of the public debt, which is about to be finally discharged, and which must have the effect of depriving the tax paying portion of the country of all the benefits which have been so joyfully anticipated from that great event. While this process is going on with a view of keeping up the vendue, it is distressing to witness the course of some of the Representatives, even from the southern States, who appear far more solicitous to defend the abuses of the Administration than to protect the interest of their constituents;–but touch one of the Departments, on the smallest point, and you will find the individuals to whom I assude, im: mediately on their feet exerting themselves with all their abilities and zeal on the side of power ; while they daily witness the sacrifice, with almost perfect indifference, and without raising a finger, of those interests which they were sent here to protect. At the head of this class, in the Senate,truth compels me to place Mr. Forsyth. I name him, as I cannot suppose that it will wound his feel. iogs, appearing, as he does, to take a pride in being considered the special advocate of the “powers that be.” He is certainly a man of talents and experience. He is a ready debater, combining ease with considerable force ; but all these qualities are lost to his section and to the country. ... His attention appears to be exclusively confined to the defence of these in power ; and in the performance of this task, he acts with a vigilance, alacrity, and zeal, that cannot be surpassed, and only"equalled by his indifference in reference to the great questions which are now at issue, and which involve not only the fate of the south, but the union and liberty of the country. I intended to have spoken of the course which things are taking in the House, where, I am sorry to say, that some of your prominent mem. bers are acting a part in all respects similar to that of Mr. Forsyth in the Senate ; but I have already trespassed beyond the limit I had proposed. This, and some other matters, I must reserve until I write again.

FROM THE STEUB Envirlle HERALD.,

WASHING TON AND MADISON CONTRASTED WITH JACKSON. The second nomination to office by President Washington, under the Constitution, was on the 3d August, 1789, and contained the name of B. Fishbourn, as naval officer at Savannah, Georgia, which nomination the Senate rejected

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