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Such are the results which a comparison of was, however, selected by the people as the the economy of this with the extraragance of rallying point for those who believed that the former administrations gives to the American will of the people had been disregarded in the people!!! Such are the results of promised re-election of Mr. Adams, and came into office form!!! And we would further call them to under the most solemn pledges to reform bear in mind that Mr. McLane proposes a sys- abuses, and more especially that which brought tem of taxation which will require an annual in the Executive patronage in conflict with the crease of the expenditure of, at least, ten mil. freedom of elections. So deeply 'sensible of lions per annum beyond the present extravagant the impropriety of any interference in the disbursements; and that this administration is choice of a Chief Magistrate was he, that, in his doing all in its power to rivet on us a system of short but impressive inaugural address, he pensions which will annually consume a sum renewed the pledges which had been made in equal to the interest of a debt of one hundred his name during the canvas. millions of dollars! We say, let the people But what have we seen.

No sooner was look to these things, and let bim sleep' who Mr. Van Buren associated with bim in the gocan!!!

vernment, than a desire to appoint him his suc.
cessor became the passion of his old age:

This Our correspondent Fiat Justitia,has re- passion has led him into the grossest inconsis. buked, in a tone and manner which it deserves, tencies; the violation of his most solemn the unprecedented outrage committed by the pledges, and thrown the power and influence Courier and Enquirer, by the publication of

of his office into the hands of sycophants and extract from an old newspaper of sixteen years and statesmen who contributed so largely to his

Aatterers;" whilst those distinguished patriots date, reviving calumnies which were met and put down at the time, in such a manner as to

elevation, and whose recommendation and consilence every whisper in relation to them. The fidence overcame the fears of the people, are whole course of Gov. Poindexter's public life

not only driven from him and proscribed, but the high trusts repeatedly conferred upon him are persecuted with a bitteråess heretofore unby his fellow.citizens—the able and eloquent known in this country. defence which he made for the individual who

Is it not time that the wise and virtuous is supposed to have revived, if he has not in should awaken to the actual condition of the stigated, the publication of this exploded ca. country? Is Andrew Jackson to be the first of lumny, are witnesses whose force cannot be

a line of Presidents who are to use the patron.

re sisted, and would put to blush any one not so age of the government to control the choice of hardened as to be incapable of shame.

his successor? And, having paid off the debt

of the revolution, and of the late war, are the BALTIMORE CONVENTION. southern States to be used as dependant coloWe have not heard from this meeting, but nies, upon whom heavy contributions are to be we cannot doubt that their proceedings will re- levied, to be insed in subsidizing a portion of sult in the nomination of Mr. Van Buren as a their own citizens, and enriching and perpecandidate for the Vice Presidency. His no. tuating the power of their oppressors? mination will present much cáuse for serious We say that the nomination of Mr. Van Bu. reflection to the American people. In what ren, under such circumstances, cannot fail to will our republic differ from a monarchy, if the excite the deepest alarm, and to arouse, if there people relinquish to the President the power of be dormant spark remaining, the spirit nominating his successor. We have been toid, which led our fathers to liberty. by one of his favorite editors, one kood to be P. S. Since writing the above, we have heard in his confidence, that the plan was, to get up that a committee of one member from each a candidate in every State, and then nominate State-all except Missouri being representMr. Van Buren, nolens volens, as the only means ed had been appointed and agreed on the or. of making him President. We have seen the der of proceeding; that Gen. Lucas, ó Ohio, steps by which this partisans in different sec- was recommended as President; George Kretions have been brought into office, and have mer, of Pennsylvania, and others, Vice Presinoted the manner in which this convention, dents ; that the committee propose that each composed chiefly of those office holders, their State should be entitled to the same number of relatives or dependents, has been brought toge: votes, by the respective delegates, to which ther; and the people are fully informed of such state is entitled in the electoral college ; the influence which the President himself has and that it shall require two-thirds of the votes brought to bear in aid of his favorite. It has, thus given to make a nomination. We have in faci, become, to use the language of his sy- also understood, that a small majority of the coplants and flatterers, a question of "whether Virginia delegates had agreed to support Mr. the President, chosen by the people, shall be Barbour; and that Kentucky and Indiana would thwarted in his favorite measure.

vote for Col. Johnson.

We yet incline to the General Jackson has, at all times, been im- opinion that Mr. Van Buren will be nominated. patient of restraint; self-will, and an obstinate We understand that the New York delegates perseverance in its gratification, are prominent say, that the nomination of an anti tarif canditraits of his character in early life, and form- date for the Vice Presidency will defeat the ed, with many citizens, an insuperable objec. ticket in 'hat State. Oh, how delightful it is tion to his elevation to the Presidency. He for friends to dwell together in harmony !

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THE ADJUSTMENT OF THE TARIFF. king an application for appropriations, or ever

There can be no honest man, or true lover of receiving them, in violation of their construchis country, but must feel great solicitude in re- tion of the constitution. If to this we add, that lation to the adjustment of the tariff. It is, in the side which entertains constitutional scrudeed, a question of magnitude-we were going ples contributes' far the largest proportion to to say, frightful magnitude-which, unless ad- the public treasury, it must be apparent that justed, we fear is destined to shock our system the present dangerous sectional conflict can. to its centre. But there are many who talk of not terminate so long as there is a surplus. adjustment without due reflection, and without Nor is the equalization of the burden, or at fizing in their mind the least conception of the least some approximation to it, less necessary. principles on which any modification, desery- He who knows the human heart, and how deeping to be called an adjustment, must rest. It is ly the principle of equality is planted there, time that such touse conceptions on a subject must feel the force of the assertion. It is imposso vitally important, should cease, and that all sible that, among a people so intelligent and high sides should duly reflect on what principles, minded as the Americans, a system can long and on what principles only, this distracting endure which shall place the burden on one question can be adjusted.

section, and the benefit on the other; and that, To the reflecting mind, it must be apparent in the equal enjoyment of their natural advam.

too, under a constitution formed to protect all that one of the great and leading mişchiefs of the system is, that it has placed the two great tages. sections of this country in hostile relations on

These points being fixed, we may be asked, the great question of taxation and dis how is this question to be adjusted? We an. bursements-questions, above all others, the swer, 'on no other than the principles which we most dangerous on which geographical divi- bave stated, with a free concession as to time. sions of tlie country can be formed. It must be we feel the full force of the objection that the apparent that

, whilst this dangerous sectional labor and capital of a large section of the coundistraction exists in relation to these vital ques. try, have taken a given direction, and that any tions, our country must be exposed to the most sudden change might prove disastrous; and we dangerous vicissitudes; that we must be perpe

cannot doubt but that the high-minded and intually menaced with the danger of disumien it-telligent people of the South, who so justly self--not to alvert to the necessary conse complain of the system as it is, and who see, in quence of distracting the councils of the nation its continuance, not only their impoverishment, -corrupling the morals and politics of the but the destruction of public liberty, if they countrs--and strengthening, beyond any other could be satisfied that the two great points possible state of things, the Executive power

first, of preventing an accumulation of a sur." and patronage. No modification of the tariff plus in tlie treasury, and lastly, an equalization, which will leave the country in a situation so

as near as may be, of the public burdens, would plangerous, can, with any propriety of language, patiently submit to the temporary injustice of be called an adjustment: this brings us to the any arrangement which will ultimately secure point whicti we propose to consider, to wit: to them liberty and union—the great objects what are the principles on which the tariff mus

which they have in views be modified, in order to terminate this danger-Adams has made his report on this subject. We

P. $. Since the above was prepared, Mr. ous sectional conflict? We conceive two conditions to be indispen. wiil follow it up with the report. We have not

hasten to lay the bill before our readers, and sable—first, that there be no surplus revenue be. Jond the ordinary and clearly constitutional

time or spice for comment. wants of the government; and in the next place, BALTILLORE CONVENTION. tha: the modification shall be such as to equalize : We learn from Balıimore that the vote in the the burdens as nearly as practicable-such, at infurmal meeting was as follows: least, as shall not act as a tax on one side, and

Barbour, V. Buren, Johnson. la system of bounties' on the oilier,"

North Carolina, 6
T'hat a surplus revenue must keep up the Alabama, 6

present distraction cannot be doubted by any Virginia, 23
one who has witnessed the proceedings of Con. South Carolina, 11
gress for the last few years. It must give rise Maryland, 3 7
in perpetual heart-burnings. Very different Kentucky,

opinions are entertained in the two great sec. Indiana,

9 tions of the country as to the constitutional

Illinois, powers of the General Government the one All the other votes being for Van Buren, gia Biving it such a construction as to embrace most ving V. B. 208; Barbour, 49; and Johnson, 26. of the objects on which money may be expend. The question now remains of, what will the erd; while the oulwer limits the power of the go-States opposed to Mr. Van Buren do? Will the vernment, in its disbursements, to the powers people of the south and west consent to be clearly enu merited in the constirution." With transferred by the influence of the government this fundamental difference of construction, it to a candidate selected by the President? Or, is clear that a surplus must, of necessity, be ap- will Virginia arouse from the lethargy in which propriated almost exclusively to one section, she has been sleeping, and take the lead in rethe principle of the other forbidding tbeir mail sisting such dictation?

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It need not be said, that the question is be this attempt to injure the character of Judge tween Van Buren and Sergeant. The friends Poindexter, and the signal triumph which he of the Constitution are not called upon to gained over his enemies on that occasion. To choose betu een them. If those who profess so publish the pamphlet to which I have referred, much solicitude to defeat the election of Mr. at this day, would be producive of no benefit, Sergeant, are sincere, let them unite wpon Mr. either to Senator Poindexter or to the public, Barbour, or some other candidate who will pre- and would l'acerate wounds which have been sent a rallying point for the friends of State healed by the hand of time, and, in some in. Rights, and of a strict construction of the con- stances, disturb the ashes of the dead. I, there. stitution. Will Mr. Barbour forego the fayor fore, content myself with an enumeration of of the Executive so far as to oppose his wishes the high trusts to which the Hon. Senator has in this respect? We ask for information on this been called by the suffrages of the people, point, from those who know his views. We among whom he has lived for the last 30 years, will, at an early day, speak more at large of the since this shameful and unprovoked effort to Convention, of the manner in which it was gol. calumniate him was made. ten up, and of the materials of which it was 1st. In 1817, he was chosen, by an dyercomposed.

whelming majority of the people of the county

of Wilkinson, in which he resides, a member COMMUNICATIONS, &c. of the Convention which formed the Constitu

tion of the present State of Mississippi. FOR THE UNITED STATES' TELEGRAPH.

2d. He was, in the same year, elected the I have noticed in the New York Courier and first Representative of the new State, in ConEnquirer, of the 15th instant, a journal in the gress, without opposition. pay of the Administration, an extract from the 3d. In 1819, he declined a re-election to his Lexington Repurter, under date of 28th of seat in Congress; and in August of that year hc July; 1815, containing some exparte state-was chosen by the people, Governor of the ments and certificates which formed a part of State, by an immense majority, orer General a personal controversy between Mr. Poindex-Thomas Hinds, one of the brave defenders of ter and certain individuals, who sought his New Orleans in 1815, and since, a representadownfa'l at that day. I advert to this effort to tive from that State in Congress. mislead the public mind in relation to a private 4th. He was appointed by the General Astransaction long since consigned to oblivion, sembly of Mississippi, in 1821, sole revisor not for the purpose of responding to any thing of the statutes of that State, which occupied to be found in ihose by-gone libels, but to ex. his time, almost entirely, for nearly two years. press my astonishment at the expedients resort. He then declined a re-election to the Execued to by Gen. Jackson and his myrmidons 10 tive chair, and went into the Legislature to satiate their hatred and malicious feelings 10-aid in passing the revised code which he had ward the individual whom it is the object of the prepared; which was adopted, and a resolupublication to assail.

tion of thanks to him annexed to it, with the I know that these stale calumnies were, a compliment of a splendid copy of the Encyclo few months past, revired and repeated by pædia, presented as an evidence of public grå. Gen. Jacksois, in a conversation with several titude, with inscriptions corresponding with gentlemen at his own residence; but it was the intentions of the Legislature in making the permitted to pass, as that time, as unworthy of present. Soon after this, he was afflicted with animadversion.

a stubborn and an unmanageable complaint in I am now at no loss in tracing the publication his limbs, which rendered him unable to perin the Courier and Enquirer to the same source, form any public duty for six or seven years ; and feel called upon to make a few remarks in during which time, he was twice offered a sext relation to it.

in the Senate of the United States, which be The contest of which the papers published was unable to accept. He was appointed by are a part, was conducted with great warmth the Governor Chancellor of the State, which on boti tides, and party feeling mingled in the likewise declined on account of ill health to a very considerable extent, the object be- and in 1830, when confined to a bed of sicking to deprive Mr. Poindexter, then a Judge ness, in Louisville, Kentucky, he received the of the Superior Court of Mississippi Territory, executive appointment to the Senate of the of the good opinion and confidence of his fel- United States; which, in November of the low-citizens. 'it drew forth from Junge Poin- same year, was almost unanimously confirmed dexter a pamphlet, published in Lexington, by the joint ballot of the two Houses of the Kentucky, in ihe month of August, shortly af- General Assembly, although strong doubts ter the publication copied into the Courier and were entertained of his ability to render the Enquirer, which completely and effectually service for which he was chosen. prostrates his opponents, and made an impres I will not insult the intelligent reader by er. sion on the mind of every man who read ii, notering into a scope of reasoning, lo demanreadily to be forgotten, highly favorable to him, strate that no man could hare been thus honorand inflicted a deep wound on his reckless as- ed by the unbought suffrages of those to whom sailants.

he had been intimately known for a long series There are members of both Houses of Congress of years, if he were liable to imputations such at this time from Kentucky, who will recollect as are alleged in these partisan exparle sta

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ments and certificates. It is needless to apply None could do more, my noble steed
to them the epithet of falsehood, because they For freedom's cause, than freely bleed
have sunk under the pressure of investigation Upon this fatal day,
and of truth. Vox populi vox dei, is a favorite Our freedom's lost-would I bad died,
maxim in republics ; and to that I appeal to Whilst fighting nobly by thy side
testify in favor of the moral and political life of My faithful, gallant gray,
the Senator against whom this wretched at-

When strangers tread this battle ground,
tempt has been made, by the Chief Magistrate, And some kind friend shall show the inound
through his mechinery, by a resort to libels, Where honor'd heroes lay-
condemned at their inception, and which have

An uncary'd stone shall mark the place,
slept quietly in the tomb to which they were Where rests the noblest of thy race-
doomed by popular indignation for 18 years. My faithful, gallant gray.
I invoke the detestation of every honorable
man on this foul transaction. If I could stoop

to follow this degraded example, and fortify
my statements by evidence of a like character, A reprimand.--A correspondent has favored
I might safely say to Gen. Jackson, and prove us with the following version of Mr. Speaker,
t by newspaper extracts of more recent date-Stevenson's address to Gen. Houston, un re-
" You are a traitor and a conspirator with the priding him for his assault on Mr. Stanbery. It
notorious Aaron Burr. You are a murderer and strikes ûs 'as conveying the whole of the origi-
a tyrant." But I scorn to adopt the vile and nal, in familiar and intelligible language:
infamous example of the purchased press; nor "Sammy Houston, stand up! you've been charged with a
is its influence to be depricated when its en breach
venomed shafts are levelled at a man wliose

of the rights of this House, and our freedom of speech.
whole life has exhibited, in buld relief, the pure You have beaten a member for stating a fact,
and lofty principles of honor, benevolence, and

And the House can't afford to approve of the act.

It's a delicate matter for one Jachsonman

To censure another, but well as I can,
Extract of a letter from a gentleman living near
Fredericksburg, Vo., to his friend in this city, Nearly all of four weeks, and how much it has cost

I'll do it. So Sammy, you know we have lost
dated 20th May, 1832.

To consider your case-you've had counsel allowed, " About two weeks ago, there was a call in

And been marched up, in state, every day through the the newspapers, signed “Mimy Voiers," for a

crowd. meeting at the court-house, to take into con


e have heard all te law learning out of the book,
sideration the propriety of sending delegates to
the Baltimore Convention. On the day ap-

We have also heard you discourse on your hook

And now, in a 'moral and digriified' way,
pointed, it appeared that “ Many Voters" was
a single individual, and he not being present,

I proceed to the utterance of what I've to say.

No matter what led you to make the assault,
the meeting, of course, was not held! A man

The House thinks, decidedly, you was in fault,
as conversant in politics as yourself, and aware
of the predileccions if the people of this

And they censure you, Saw-to be censured you stand, tion of country, might' indulge the 'suspicion

And I must administer their reprimand. that Errcutive influence must have had zome

Ifit were to a pauper that I had to preach, thing to do with this affair ; but when I tell yr u

Or a changeling ør scrub, who knew no parts of speech that it was a brother of Speaker STEVENSON,

I should lay down the law with portentous effect wbo tried to get up the meeting, suspicions But as you've been a member yourself, twould be vain

And make them hereafier beliave more correctmust vanish!"

And if you see fit, you may do it again.

You may lick any body you like, and may ride

About, with the Sergeant al-Arnis by your side,

And then may, perhaps, have the pleasure to stand
Waex Freedom first her war-note blew,

Again before me, getting my reprimand.
I chose thee, 'cause I thought thee true You certainly know that if all our body
I'll ne'er forget the day-

Should be licked every day, it would look rather oddy,
My bosom swell?d with martial pride

And the Fearons, and Fauxes, and Trollopes would tell When, sword in hand, I leapt astride

some truths which in print would not sound very well. My faithful, gallant gray.

Oh, Sanımv, for shame! think of this, my dear son!
No more you'll hear the trumpet's sound,

I am sure, had you thought of the risk that you run
That made thee prance and paw the ground,

of displeasing the House in the manner aforesaid, And eager for the fray:

You would not have done it, and there'd been no more No more shall curb thy will restrain,

said. And keep thee from the battle plain

Thus the House is avenged, and my cloquence stranded, My faithfu', gallant gray.

you, Sam, consider yourself reprimanded!
Thy crimson'd hoofs may plainly tell,

The Boston Centinel says:
The means hy which those warriors fell " By returns froin 11 towns in Essex North,

Who check'd thy headlong vay, it appears that Dr. Kittredge, bas 982 votes, "The falal steel, by which you died, Mr.Osgood 923, and scattering 101. There is Lies, with its owner, by thy side

therefore no oice.” My faithful, gallant gray.

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TEE PUBLIC LANDS. imports should be so regulated for the present,

at least, as to continue adequate protection to HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.

the home industry of the country. In his opi. TUESDAY, APRIL 17, 1832.

nion, after the discharge of the national debt, Mr. WICKLIFFEE, from the Committee on authorised by law, will not exceed $13,000,000.

the expenditures of the Government, as now the Public Linds, to which the subject had to give the protection necessary to our domesbeen referred, made the following reports

tic manufactures, a revenue of $15,000,000 is Under the order of the House, so much of proposed by the Secretary to be retained, deri. the annual report of the Secretary of the Trea vable from sources other than the sales of the sury as relates to the public lands, was refere public lands, and he recommends an augmen. red to the Cemmittee on the Public Lands, tation of the expenses of the government to that

The subject has received, by the committee, sum annually; thai the whole of this sum shall that consideration which its importance de- be collected by impost dury.

The committee, in the discharge of the duty The recommendation of the Secretary of the assigned them under the resolve of the House, Treasury upon the subject of the public lands, are not called upon to present their reasons for is, that Congress ‘now * decide upon the pro, withholding their assent to so much of the repriety of disposing of all the public lands in the port of the Secretary of the Treasury as propo aggregate, to those States within' wliose territo, ses 10 augment the ordinary and annual expen. rial limits they lie, at a fair price, to be settled ditures of the government beyond the $13,000in such manner as might be satisfactory to all. 000. The aggregate price of the whole may then be The sources from which the revenue of the apportioned among the several States of the government has been derived, are, ist, ima Union according to such equitable ratio as may ports; 2d, public lands 31, bank stock. be consistent with the objects of the original It is proposed by the Secretary to withdraw cession, and the proportion of each may be paid the public lands from the sources of révenue, or secured, directly, to the others by the re. to sell the bank stock, and to leave the $15,spective Stales purchasing the land." 000,000 to be collected upon the imports of

The committee are of opinion, that any such the country, and in this mode to afford tempo. disposition, at this time, of the public land, and rary and permanent protection to the manufacthe distribution of the proceeds, as recommend turing interests of the country. ed by the Secretary of the Treasury, would be W kilst the immediate benefits resulting from inexpedient; that it would paralyze the growth this protection are almost exclusively, confined and prosperity of the younger States, if they to the northern and eastern sections of the could be seduced in the purchase at any price Union, already in the enjoyment of more than which the older States would deem reasonable a due proportion of the advantages resulting

The reasons urged by the Secretary of the from the expenditures of the public money, il Treasury in favor of this disposition of the pub.fis proposed that the new Stáles stall further lic domain, are understood to be,

contribute to their prosperity and capital by the Ist. That the amount arising from the sales purchase of the public lands, and by becoming of the public lanus is no longer required in aid bound to the States, çirectly and individually

, of The revenue for the payment of the public for the payment. debt, and the support of government.

The committee do not assent 10 such a modi. 2diy. That such a disposition of the public fication of the revenue of the country, or to Jands is well calculated to remove all cause of such a disposition of its present sources. difficulty with the General Government and The public lands should not be, ihey have the States upon the subject of these lands. not been, regarded as a profitable source of re.

The committee are aware that the period has venue to the Federal Government, nor should arrived when the public debt may be consider- they be converted into the means of wealth ed as paid when the government will no lon- fto the several States. They should be fostered ger need an annual revenue derived from taxa- and disposed of by the National Government, in tion and the sale of the public lands, equal to such manner, and upon such terms, as will be the average annual amount collected under the subservient to the building up of great and present revenue system.

flourishing communities, whose members, when It becomes the duty of Congress to reduce interested in, and attached to, the soil, will the receipts into rlie treasury, from all sources, give physical strength and noral force to the to the reasonable demands of the public ser-nation. vice, after the payment of the National debt. li It is true, that our government has attained is a duiy which ought to be performed at the that condition, unexampled in the history of napresent session of Congress; and its prompt dis. tions, when it has become the duty of the tax. charge is demanded by ihe highest considera-ing power to lessen, and not to increase public tion of patriotism. It ought no, it cannoi, be exactions upon the labor of the citizen.' "The Junger Jeferred, with justice to the country, or diminution io be made should be extended with safely to the government.

impartial justice to all the sources from which In this reduction of the revenue to the wants revenue is derived, when that can be done of the governinent, it is recommended by the without jeopardizing any of the great interests Secretary of the Treasury that the duties upon Ivf the country. We should exact from each


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