861 883 871 889

535 505

514 516

Houston would obtain the contract, and a fair myself, if I did not bring the subject before
Portland and Louisville canal, and that, in con- such contract as the one contemplated.
In a new business, he would not bid as low as I concerned in it, but will destroy the confidence
low as I expected he would do, I resolved on it is your duty and mine to guard. Will it

Finding that he would not consent to bid as impair the fair fame of the President, which

WASHINGTON, APRIL 19, 1832. 533

VOL. VI..............BY DUFF GREEN.. $2.50 PER ANNUM. ...........No. 1. 645 EDITORIAL

appealing to the President. When I did so,

Governor Branch was present. General JackTHE FRAUD.

son confirmed what Major Eaton had said—that The assault of Gen. Houston upon Mr. the ration had cost twenty two cents; that Stanbery, and the course pursued by the par- Houston had agreed to take the contract at 18 tisans of the Executive, and the presses in the cents per ration; that he had gone on to New pay of the administration, relative to my com-York, and obtained wealthy security, and that munication to the public on the subject of the he contract would be closed with bim at 18 fraudulent understanding between Eaton and cents. I remonstrated against the contract, Houston, imposes on me, as a duty, a further and urged that the ration could be furnished development of the affair, and I am now en. at six cents; the President then demanded to

abled to lay before the public additional facts, know whether I would take the contract at ten 230

which will leave no doubt on the mind of any cents, I replied in the negative. He then said,

Individual as to the nature of the transaction, or Will you take it at twelve, Sir! If you will, you 317

dhe relation which Eaton and Houston were to shall have it to-morrow.” To this I replied,

bear towards it. 447

"No, Sir; I have thought upon the subject, and I will state what I know of my own know. should not have called upon you in relation to ledge, and then adduce the adesitional proof. it, had I not considered it my duty to warn you About the time of its first insertion, I suppose of the consequences which i believe to be in. the evening before the advertisment was volved in it. I am satisfied that, at the price brought to my office, I saw Houston and Eaton which you propose, I could clear five hundred at the President's—they were in private con- thousand dollars. But, my object in bringing

versation. Eaton called me to him, and said the subject before you, was to serve you and 65

that lie would send down an advertisement on the government, and in doing it I am governed 14

the next day. Houston said no, I will call and by a higher consideration ihan money,” and

take it myself. On the 18th of March, Eaton with this remark I left him. 11

said to me that he was about to close a Failing in this appeal, I then wrote to Maj.

contract for rations to the emigrant Indians; Eaton the following letter: 30

that the issue would amount to twelve thousand
dollars per day, that it bad cost the United

"WASHINGTON, March 19, 1830. States 22 cents; but that Gen. Houston, who for the first time, your proposals for rations.

"After leaving you last evening, I examined, had gone to New York, and obtained a wealthy From my knowledge of the prices of beef and partner, would take it at eighteen cents, and corn in the western States, I am confident that thus save to the government four thousand dol-libe proposed rations ought not to cost ten lars per day. I understood him to make the cents; yet I understand you to say, that you communication to me under an expectation expect to give from 18 to 20 cents, and that that I would approve of the contract in the the issue, at these prices, will amount to twelve Telegraph, upon the ground of its saving tour thousand dollars per day. cents on the ration. I told him the ration could be furnished for much less, and remo:- made without giving notice to the western

«That a contract of such amount should be strated against his making the contract. Upon States

, where the provisions must be purchasteaching home, and examining the proposals, 1 ed, will

be a cause of attack; but when I read becaine satisfied that there was a private un- the advertisement, and see that it is so worded derstanding between Eaton, Houston, and as not to convey any idea

of the speculation it leaving and sent for Mr. Shackford, then a res-affords, and connect it with the fuet

, which is pectable merchant of St. Louis. "I called his within my own knowledge, that it was prepareliberation to the proposals, told him my suspi ed under the special advisement of General fering the contemplated fraud, and of saving has brought from there a wealthy partner to to the government the difference between iš join him in the contract

, I should be unfaithful tents, the price at which Major Luton said to the administration, to Gen. Jackson, and to Pot Shackford's funds were vested in the consequences which I foresee

will follow any "Such a contract may enrich a few who are of the public, I fear, in the administration, and


withdraw my bid and join them, by which etter to the Secretary of War: Gov. Hosiston, (a bosom friend of the Secre-rations. I take this occasion to inform you Gen. Van Fossen, and, aware of his influence, is incorrect. I am not, nor shall not, either di.

nected with the proposals issued by the De- I was led to believe, that in the desire to serve partment of War for supplying emigrating In-him, my rights might be violated. Indeed, the

dians withi rations, west of the Mississippi. fact of his early knowledge of the amount of 5

This account was so grossly inaccurate, that my offer was full evidence of his intimate having been a bidder for the contract, I felt it knowledge of every thing connected with the to be my duty to publish a statement of the bids. I therefore called at the War Departfacts of the case. This I accordingly did, in ment on the 23d; the Secretary not being at the National Journal of November 30, 1830, the office, I inquired of the Chief Clerk if any On the 20th February, 1830, the following ad decision had yet been made in regard to the vertisement had appeared in the National In- proposals. The Chief Clerk informed me that telligencert

I would find in the public prints the period PROPOSALS

designated when the Secretary intended acting For supplying emigrant Indians with rations on the proposals he had received. West of the Mississippi.

On the 24th, I addressed the Secretary the XEALED Proposals, and to be endorsed following letter: "Proposal for rations, will be received

WASHINGTON Crry, March 24th, 1830. by the Secretary of War, until the 20th day of March, 1830, for supplying rations to such In- To the Secretary of War: diunsas may emigrate to their lands west of Ar- Sun: I called on your Chief Clerk yesterday kansas and Missouri: said rations to consist of for information respecting the contract for supone pound and a quarter of fresh beef, and one plying the emigrating Indians with rations, and pound of park, with two quarts of salt to every was informed that I would find in the public hundred of these, or if salted meat is issued, prints the period designated that you intended one pound of beef, and three quarters of a acting upon the proposals that you had re. pound of pork, with a quart of corn, or corn ceived. meal, to each ration of meat, whether fresh or I examined the papers of this morning and salt, or eighteen ounces of flour.

find nothing on the subject. You will confer The right to be reserved to the Secretary of a favor by informing me whether you have actWar, to enlarge or alter the quantity of the raced on the proposals you have receivedl, or what tions to be issued; and the right of continuing course you intend pursuing. the contrad to any period of time he may think I should not be thus inquisitive had I not proper, and to determine it at pleasure, when handed in a proposal, and feel some anxiety reany of the conditions shall be broken.

specting the result. The points of delivery, not to exceed three,

Yours respectfully, in the country of either of the tribes, to be de

WILLIAM PRENTISS. signated by the Secretary of War. The entire expense whether of transporta

On the 25th I received the following reply: tion, or issuing, or of building houses for the

DEPARTMENT OF WAR, March 25th, 1830. preservation of the supplies, or any other, to be

SIR: The Secretary of War directs me to

say that thie proposals for furnishing rations to Bonds, with approved security, will be re- the emigrating Creek and Cherokees are not tracts. No advances will be made. quired for the faithful fulfilment of the con- yet acted on, and that

you will be advised of

the result as soon as a decision is made.
By order of the Secretary of War,

Yours very respectfully,

P. G. RANDOLPH, Chief Clerk.
Department of War, Office of Indian Affairs.

WILLIAM PRENTISS, Esq. present. On the 19th March, I delivered at the War A few days after I received the above letter, Department, within the time and in the man. I was called upon by General Van Fossen, (the for the contract to furnish the rations at mine the Secretary of War had informed him that day older the bids were to have been exterhines Blake in my proposals

, and added that the minut before I hud received any communication Secretary had stated that as Mr. Blake was a for de toe war Department, a proposition was sub-agent, it would render the bid

entirely ilGels Van Fossen, who were then in this city, Mr. Blake and myself

, and desirous of remov. and win bad offered for the same contract

, Ling every objection, l'addressed the following Strangernent I was given to understand I would to the Hon. Secretary of War: Hos coat which they could obtain it

, if my bid sen this

morning, I was informed that you were

Sir: At an interview with General Van Fos. whole at the price I had offered. I did not with Luther Blake in the proposals that I put o de or their proposition. Knowing that furnishing the emigrating Indians with

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have been imposed in favor of the person offer. On the 2d of November, the following belonging to the Government, that are at oge ause the testimony of a highly respectable ciof the military posts in that country, and purtiz en, showiug ubat, in March, 1830, Governor & roll 110 Sao&rou

determine whether to contract or not. If a law chase what other provisions might be wanting;
had existed, requiring proposals, and for the but, as the Commissary General could not con-
lowest offered to be received, an obligation cur with you in opinion respecting that course,
would have been imposed in favor of the per- you declined adopting it, in consequence of
son offering the lowest bid; but this is not the which, your bosom friend was again disappoint-
case; it was a course adopted apart from any ed."
legislative direction, and to act or not, is mat I also reminded the Secretary of War of his
ter of discretion, not of obligation. Since the remarks to me in the difficulties and magnitude
proposals were submitted, and recently, cir- of the contract, remarking,
cumstances bave arisen which impose the ne. " It strikes me, that it would have been more
cessity of advertising for new bids, upon cer- strictly in accordance with your duty, if my bid
lain and specified conditions, or else to confide was the lowest legal bid in your possession, to
the business to the Commissariat's Department have ascertained whether I could have furnish-
One of these courses will be adopted.

ed you with ample security for the faithful per-
Very respectfully, J. H. EATON. formance of my contract. Had it appeared
On the 24th April
, I addressed to Mr. Eaton

that I could not have done so, I should not have a letter, to wbich no reply was returned.

any cause of complaint."

"If the bids that you have received should be "In my letter, I said:

submitted to, the Commissary General to act "I am at a loss to know what construction upon, agreeably to your advertisement of 20th to put on your letter of the 233 inst, which is February, I shall be perfectly satisfied." before me, or to what to attribute the manner On the 1st of November, I addressed to the van have displayed in transacting this business. Secretary a letter of which the following is a If I am not mistaken, Thus. L. McKenney, by copy: your order, adrerised for proposals on the

WASHINGTON CITY, Nov. 1st, 1830. 20th February, up to the 20th March, for sup

Sir: Since the receipt of your letter of 23d plying rativas to such Indians as may emigrate April, I have been anxiously waiting to hear to their lands west of Arkansas and Missouri. what course you have adopted respecting the What did you expect the public to understand proposals you received previous to the 20th by this advertisement? That the enterprising last March, for supplying the emigrating Inpart of the community should use every effort dians with rations; but, owing to circumstances in their power to procure the necessary infor- not withni my knowledge, I have not heard mations respecting the cost of the ra ions; the from you on the subject. necessary capital to carry the contract into effect, in case they should be entitled to it; and business is to be attributed to the arduous du

I presume your inattention to this important also prepare themselves with the necessary se. ties you have been under the necessity of atcuity for the faithful performance of the con. tending to abroad. tract, and that, after a lap e of more than 30 arrival announced in this morning's paper, I

Having perceived your days from the time they should have had a de avail myself of the earliest opportunity of reoslon from the Secretary of War, they were to questing information on this business

. You be informed by the Sedly of War that the cir- will therefore confer a favor by furnishing me cumstance of an individual having the lowest with an answer as early as may suit your con tary to enter into a contract opon it; and fur

on the Secre. venience.

Respectfully yours, &c. isted requiring proposals, and for the lowest To the Hon. J. H. Eatox,


Secretary of War.
wilch concludes the correspondence,

War DEPARTMENT, 1st November 189 :0.
Sin: 1 have just received your lette ro f this

ther, by way of an apology, if a law had exbid offered to be received, an obligation would ing the lowest bid?"

was It has been hinted to me, that you ordered ceived: this advertisement in order to obtain an idea of the cost or expense that would incur to furnish the Indians with provisions, but I could not date, asking wliat determination I had come to hink un individual, enjoying the elevated seat as to supplies to be furnished the emig ating in our Government that you have the honor of Indians. filling. could sport with the time, feelings, and

There are no Indians now emigrating. interest of his countrymen in such a manner.

Whether ar y will, must depend upon t te ratiIt has also been mentioned, that you have fication by the Senate of treaties which used every effort in your power to give this con- submitted for the

r consideration at the next tract to one of your bosom friends, at a ligher session of Congress. Until thiese si all be actFale that I proposed to take it at; and, after find-led o pois, no mode will be agree', on or coning that you could not do so without the cen side ed of, as to their removal aw 1 support. sure of the public

, you consulted with the Com I am, respectfully, your ob’t serr't, missary General, in order to know whether be

J. H. EATON. did not think it would be expedient for you to Mr. Wildtam Prentiss, Washington City. have an agent appointed to issue the rations I will here remark that I have and can pro

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