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WASHINGTON, JUNE 4, 1832.
Vol. VI................ $2.50 PER ANNUM...
.... BY DUFF GREEN.
To this, it is replied, that the great object of
government is justice, and the security of the A sensible correspondent of the Albany Ar individual rights of the several members of sogus endeavors to reconcile the wool-growers of ciety and that those who have entered into mathe State of New York to the bill reported by nufacturing pursuits, should have foreseen that the Secretary of the Treasury, upon the ground the payment of the national debt would create that the present tarifflevies a tax of $2 upon each a necessity for the reduction of the duties and individual in the State, and that the bill pro- that it is their fault, and not the fault of the poses to reduce that tax one half, and thus save South, if they now suffer by a reduction. But to the people of that State one million of dol. there is a stronger and more direct answer. lars per annum. We republished his letter, and The legitimate object of taxation is the supdemonstrated, from the data given by the Se- port of Government. If the effect of an incretary himself, that the reduction under the crease of taxes is to enrich one portion of the bill would not be so great as it was represented. community, it must impoverish the other, and The Albany Argus, in reply, denounces the to the extent that it impoverishes one and enTelegraph, and all those who are opposed to riches the other, such a measure is unjust and the bill
, as factionists and disunionists, because tyrannical. The question now is not whether they will not admit that the Treasury bill i sper the south contributes her portion of the public fecimor, at least just such a bill as should be burdens; but it is whether she shall be relieved “acceptable to all parties.”
from those contributions which have been leThat there are many difficulties in the way of vied on her in the shape of private profits on the adjustment of this question, none will deny; northern capital. and where the struggle is between those who If the south was now asking Congress to believe that they are benefitted, and those who adopt a system which would compel the north believe that they are oppressed, by the system, to contribute a part of her labor for the benefit it is natural that there should be a great diversi- of the south, the north might complain with ty of opinion. Nothing could more strongly some appearance of propriety; but the south illustrate the force of self-interest than this asks nothing from the north she does not exquestion, in its operation cn the different sec- pect a return of any of the large profits she has
already given to northern industry and capital. Thus, in New England it is held to be unjust, She does not ask to be excluded from supportimmoral, and sinful, to hold slaves—yet the po- ing the Government; but to be relieved from licy of New England is to compel the owners of private oppression. The amount of the sums slaves to pay over to the manufacturers a large paid to northern capitalists is easily calculated. portion of the proceeds of their labor, in the it is supposed that the amount of domestic artishape of profits on manufactures made in New cles, similar to those paying dutes, consumed in England, and consumed in the South. And, we the United States, is as two to one. The amount would ask, where is the difference between of southern agricultural products are as twoowning slaves, and compelling the owners of thirds of the exports
. These pay for the imslaves to relinquish the profits of their labor to ports which give customs to the amount of upthose who refuse to have slaves? If the system wards of twenty-six millions, two-thirds of which works as the southern people believe it does, being equal to seventeen millions of dollars, go the owners of slaves in the south are but the into the public treasury. If to this be added øverseers-the task-masters, for the benefit of twice that amount, being the additional price
on domestic articles consumed in consequence The system grew up under the debt produc-of the duty, we have the sum of thirty-four and ed by the late war, and the war of the revolu- seventeen, being fifty-one millions per annum tion. That debt being paid, the south demand levied on southern industry. Will the south to be relieved from its oppressions. They say submit to such a system? Are her statesmen to that the operation of the system transfers, an- be denounced for rallying against such a system? mually, from the south to the north a large por But, it will be said that the estimate of fifty. tion of the profits upon the labor of the south; one millions is more than the product of southern and that, the debt being paid, they will no lon- labor, and that the increase price of the domes. ger submit to it. Orne e other hand, the manu-tic articles should not be added to the tax paid facturers say that their capital was invested un- as customs. Admit this to be so, and yet, if the der an implied pledge that they would be pro- argument assumed in the letter published in the tected in the monopoly of the domestic market, Argus be true, it follows, nevertheless, that the and that it would be a breach of faith to repeal tariff levies a tax on the people of the south to the duties, the imposition of which induced the extent of the duties paid on imports, and of them to enter into the particular pursuits in the increased price of the domestic articles conwhich they are now engaged.
sumed by them. And if it be contended that
the northern capitalists.
the additional price paid by the northern con Making 73 in States where the party is in a misumer is made up to him in the increased price nority, and which will certainly be given against of his labor, it follows that, to the south, it is General Jackson in the electoral college. To clear oppression, because no man will deny that this should be added the votes of the States the tendency of the system is to depress ra- which it is known would not have been given for ther than increase the price of labor in that sec- him, had not the delegates been induced to vote tion.
for him by the direct influence of the ExecuThus it will be seen tha the tendency of the tive will, to wit: systein has been to transfer the profits of the
30 labor of the south from that section to the
15 north; that so long as the revenue was wanted
9 for the payment of the public debt, the south
11 acquiesced in its unequal action; but the debt
1 being now paid, the south refuses longer to
4 submit. The north are not required to do for Illinois,
7 the north objects, upon the ground that they
10 cannot consent to relinquish the advantages which they have so long enjoyed.
96 THE BALTIMORE CONVENTION. And Mr. Van Buren's vote is reduoed down to As yet, we have not received the names o the simple vote of New York, being 42. the members of the Baltimore Convention, but Thus, by the introduction of office-holders we learn that the votes were given as follows: and dependants from the minority States, and
packed partisans from the Jackson States, Electo Van Bu
has the influence of the Executive nominatBarbour Johnson
ed as his sucessor an individual, who, unaid
ed by the patronage of the Government, and Maine, 19 10
unsustained by General Jackson, could not ob7 7 N. Hampshire,
tain one single vote out of his own State. 14 14 Massachusetts,
Upon the dissolution of the Cabinet we pub. 4 4 Rhode Island,
lished a letter from a respectable gentleman 8 8 Connecticut,
at, Albany, who said that it was given out 7 7 Vermont,
among Mr. Van Buren's friends at Albany, that 42
42 New York,
he was to be nominated for Vice President on 8 8 New Jersey,
the Jackson ticket.
It was than denied, and 30 30 Pennsylvania,
Mr. Ritchie said that Virginia would not sup3 3 Delaware,
port him-that he would not support him. 10 7 3 Maryland,
What we then predicted is now fulfilled. 23
But there is another view of this case. 15 9 6 North Carolina,
are informed by the Globe of yesterday, that
11 South Carolina,
the principle involved in the issue made by
11 Georgia, 7
presenting Mr. Van Buren as a candidate, is
1 6 Alabama, 4
that for which General Jackson has “ hazard
ed his life,” that he is prepared to encounter 5 5 Louisiana,
the risk, and that the true friends of the Presi
dent will not refuse to support the ticket out 15 Kentucky,
of any personal objections to Mr. Van Buren. 21
We are also told that oothe line is now fairly 9 Indiana,
-and no one can doubt that all who re
3 fuse to accord a full support to Mr. Van Bu4 labsent. Missouri,
ren, are to be denounced. 288 208 49 27
Well, so be it. Let us now see how the case It will be seen that 288 being the number of will stand. We take it for granted that there electoral votes, 145 is a majority of the whole. will be a ticket formed for Mr. Barbour, and The vote given to Mr. Van Buren was 208; of that he will receive the votes of these be received from
15 Rhode Island,
21 Maryland, 3-73)
That Mr. Wilkins will receive the votes of nority of the State; and no one who knows any Pennsylvania
thing of the feeling of her citizens, can believe And that the votes of Ohio, Indiana,
that she will vote for Mr. Van Buren. In South and Illinois, being
35 Carolina, the delegates were sent by Judge More, if given to General Jackson,
Smith and his party, who cannot give a single will also be given to him, leaving
vote. In Massachusetts, Vermont, Connecticut, Mr. Van Buren with the votes of
Rhode Island, New Jersey, Delaware, and Ma. New York
42 ryland, with the exception of Baltimore city and New Hampshire
7 county, the parties deputing delegates are con
fessedly in a minority, and do not expect to give By
49 votes a vote for General Jackson. The 'party is loAnd a chance for the vote of Tennessee, which sing its influence in Maine; and it is the opinion we yet believe would go for Mr. Barbour, if a of well-informed persons in New York, that ticket be formed in his favor.
the nomination of Mr. Van Buren will concenUnder this state of the case, the probability trate the votes opposed to him, and defeat the is, that Messrs. Barbour and Sergeant will be Jackson electoral ticket in that State. In Virgireturned to the Senate. When the Senators nia and North Carolina, public opinion is deci. from Tennessee and New York can decide the dedly opposed to Mr. Van Buren; and the dequestion, and if they are sincere in wishing to legates, although appointed under the influence efeat the election of Mr. Sergeant, there can of Ritchie & Co. voted in favor of Mr. Barbour. be no doubt of the result.
What right has such a Convention, then, got up But it is said that those opposed to Mr. Van and composed of such materials, to dictate to Buren, should not put up another candidate, the people for whom they shall vote? The anfor fear, by doing so, they may endanger the re-/swer is to be found in Webb's celebrated letelection of General Jackson. If both tickets ters. In his private letter, addressed to a genare for General Jackson, there can be no dantleman at Harrisburg, he said: ger from this quarter, and if the friends of Mr. • As to the VICE PRESIDENT, Van Buren Clay should put up a ticket for him, the exclu- MUST be the man, nolens volens. If not, we rive friends of the administration can then have CAN NEVER MAKE HIM PRESIDENT; it in their power to unite upon Jackson and and the TRUE POLICY now is, to start a canBarbour. If Jackson be defeated; the blame didate in EVERY STATE. It is said that the will be theirs.
Senate will reject his nomination to England. I
HOPE SO; for then his election as Vice Presi-THE BALTIMORE CONVENTION. dent, and afterwards President, is rendered moWe have promised to give an analysis of this rally certain." Convention, which, if we can obtain the names
In another of his letters from Washington, of its members, will be submitted to our read-published in the Courier and Enquirer, he said: ers. In the mean time, it may be well to exa “ The President, the members of his cabinet, mine its organization and tendency.
and every member of Congress, who is, in truth, Had its members any common principle of ac- friendly to the re-election of Gen. Jackson, are ti yn? We find, among those who composed it, exceedingly desirous that Martin Van Buren persons who are in favor of, and those who are should be the candidate of the democratic paropposed to, a high protective tariff. We also ty for Vice President.” find those who are in favor of, and those who
The Globe has said, that “the line is now are opposed to, a national bank; those who are drawn;" that "the Convention have done well in favor of, and those who are opposed to, inter. in identifying the re-election of Gen. Jackson" nal improvement by the General Government; with the election of Mr. Van Buren; and that those who are in favor of, and those who are op- Gen. Jackson has every motive which can actu. posed to, pensions; those who are in favor of, ate him to encounter the risk.” and those who are opposed to, a latitudinous These things must satisfy every unprejudiced construction of the constitution. Yet, we find mind that the Convention was brought together all these concurring in one common object, and through the Executive influence, as the organ that object is OFFICE-a division of the of the Executive will, to designate a successor. "SPOILS."
in the person of the Executive favorite. Will By whom were the delegates appointed? The the people ratify the nomination? We do not arrangement by which the delegation from each believe that they will. So far from it, we sin. State was permitted to give as many votes as cerely believe that, by yielding to his desire to such State will be entitled to in the electoral force Van Buren upon the people, Gen. JackCollege, gave its votes to the representatives of son has endangered his own election. This is the most pitiable minorities. Thus, the State the first time, under our system, in which a Preof Mississippi was represented by two indivi- sident has attempted openly to enter the list as duals, delegated by meetings, one of which a partisan of his successor.
It was charged consisted of fifteen persons, and the o- against Mr. Adams that there was an understandther of less than fifty." Yet, these delegates ing between him aud Mr. Clay, that the patronage pledged the vote of Mississippi for Mr. Van of the Government was to be used to promote Buren. In Pennsylvania, which gave thirty the election of Mr. Clay as his successor. To votes, the delegates were appointed by the sustain this charge against Mr. Adams, the cirmost diminutive minorities of an insignificant mi- cumstance that Mr. Člay voted for Mr. Adamus,
and that he was appointed to the line of “safe The Baltimore Convention authorized the precedents," was sufficient to arouse the deep- Delegates present, be they more or less, to give est excitement, and such was the effect which as many votes in the choice of a candidate for public sentiment had on General Jackson, that Vice President, as the States which such Delehe said in his inaugural address
gates professed to represent will be entitled to “ The recent demonstration of public senti- in the electoral college, and thus the seventyment inscribes, on the list of executive duties, eight Delegates from Virginia, were permitted in characters too legible to be overlooked, the to give but twenty-three votes for Mr. Barbour, task of reform; which will require, particular- while the two Delegates from Mississippi gave ly, the correction of those abuses that have four for Mr. Van Buren. We have not receivbrought the patronage of the Federal Govern- ed the Baltimore Republican of yesterday, and ment into conflict with the freedom of elections, know not whether the names of the members and the counteraction of those causes which will be given to the public. We trust that they have disturbed the rightful course of appoint-are afraid or ashamed to name themselves. ment, and have placed, or continued power in, unfaithful or incompetent hands."
PENNSYLVANIA. To be suspected of an attempt to appoint
Pennsylvania and South Carolina were among his successor, was sufficient cause to defeat the the first, and the ablest supporters of Gen. Jack, se-election of Mr. Adams. General Jackson voluntarily pledged himself to carry out the these States, and particularly Pennsyl-vania, we
son. Presuming upon his power to control principle; yet he now openly, and in violation find the whole power and influenceof
the Exof all his pledges, attempts to force upon the ecutive thrown against their favorite sons, in suppeople a candidate of his selection. Has he
port of his own favorite Mr. Van Buren. Gen. power to do so? We do not believe that he Jackson may not be aware, that he draws too has.
largely upon the fidelity of his partisans. South
Carolina has long since broken the spell of his We copy the following article from the Phi influence, and all the indications show that ladelphia Inquirer-the advocate of the Van Bu Pennsylvania is fast approaching the same point. ren Baltimore Convention. It shows what little We give below some extracts from prints known reliance that journal places upon the chance of to speak the opinions of the majority of that Van Buren in Pennsylvania:
State, proving that Pennsylvania will resist the
attempt to force Mr. Van Buren upon her as a FROM THE INQUIRER OF THURSDAY. candidate for the Vice Presidency. "It is possible," [mark, gentle reader-possi FROM THE AMERICAN (PENN.) SENTINEL. ble,) “ that after the decision of the Baltímore
The following paragraph from the Harris Convention upon the subject of the Vice Presi. burg Reporter will serve to show the character dency is known, that another Jackson electoral and numbers of one of the meetings which have ticket may be formed, through a State Con, been got up, in this State, for the purpose
of vention, in Pennsylvania. This
, however, will electing delegates to the Baltimore Convention. depend altogether upon the manner in which the The Dauphin meeting is exactly of a piece with Baltimore Convention is received throughout the all the others-contemptible in numbers
, and State. If the Democracy rally in its support; utterly destitute of political weight. with remarkable unanimity, another ticket will
We have seen a call of a meeting in this city, be formed. If, on the contrary, they receive the of persons favorable to the Baltimore Conrennomination listlessly, and with little animation,”tion, the object of which is to appoint delegates (yes, listlessly, and with little animation, then for the first, second, and third Congressional the 5th of March ticket, (the one bearing the districts. This call emanated, as we are informname of Wilkins,)
will be the ONLY JACK. ed, from a meeting of about twenty members of SON ticket in the field.”
one of the Hickory Clubs, by a bare majority, The Inquirer knows that the nomination will and is contrary to the usages of the party. The be received listlessly; and he, the editor, fur-determination of the democracy of the State is ther knows that they will never venture a Van unalterably fixed to adhere to the regular no Buren electoral ticket in democratic Pennsylva- minations made on the 5th of March, and the
Hence, he is preparing to go for the Wilfriends of Mr. Van Buren will only expose their kins ticket.
weakness by attempting to resist it. To this The Inquirer of the same day has the annex- gentleman, no possible benefit can result from ed extract. It bespeaks the alarm of that paper movements of this kind. Their only effect will for Jackson, even in Pennsylvania:
be, if persisted in, to impair the strength of
the Jackson party of the State. We are, how. FROM THE PUILADELPHIA INQUIRER.
ever, among those who neither regard nor fear “ The tariff, the bank, the judiciary, are them. questions that will exercise a vast influence “We see the Philadelphia Inquirer, of yester over the public mind, unless satisfactorily ad- day, notices with due parade, a Counts meetjusted before the coming contest; and it would be ing, held on Monday evening last, at Harrisfolly to deny that, so far as Pennsylvania is con- burg, to send delegates to the Baltimore Concerned, the friends of the President must pre- vention, and promises to give the Official propare for a decided opposition."
ceedings. It may be well to inform our read
FROM THE MILTOXIAN.
ers abroad, that this meeting had been adver-now is for Jackson and Wilkins, and pointedly tised for the Saturday evening previous, by denounces all efforts at dividing the party by handbills posted up, and that when the time stirring a question solemnly discussed and setarrived, but 7 or 8 persons could be assembled, tled by the State convention. This is as it and the meeting adjourned without organizing, should be, and will be the course of the party to meet again on Monday evening:
of the State, if a scoroof Baltimore Conventions
THE SUNBURY MEETING.
Messrs. Editors: The mistatements which ed were appointed. The other proceedings have been made respecting the Van Buren we have not been informed of, but the public meeting held in Sunbury, on the 27th ult. tendmay expect due notice thereof, through the ing to deceive the public, induces me to send columns of the Inquirer.”--Pen. Rep.
you a short account of it.
At the hour ap
pointed, four or five assembled and attempted FAYETTE COUNTY.-A meeting of a
to organise the meeting, but failed; there benumber of the citizens of this county, called for ing no one present to act as Secretary, they, the purpose of taking into consideration the ex- therefore, adjourned until evening. In the pediency of sending a delegate to the Baltimore evening they again assembled, with George convention, to
the claims of Mr. Wilkins Kremer at their head, and succeeded in organfor the Vice Presidency, was held at Union- izing their meeting, appointing a Yankee schooltown on the 23d ult., Capt. Valentine Giesey master, not a citizen of this state, Secretary; a was appointed chairman, and James Boyle and fact which clearly shows the shift they were put John Gadd, secretaries. Resolution was adopt- to in getting up this meeting. Mr. Kremer then ed, that the consideration of sending a dele- made a few remarks in his peculiarly eloquent gate to said convention be postponed for the style, in the course of which, he attempted to present."
show the "error committed by his brethren of
the 5th of March convention, in not sending From the article which we insert to day from delegates to Baltimore,” but with what success
, the “ Miltonian,” a steady democratic and de- the votes upon the resolutions afterwards cided Jackson paper, the character and
proved. ceedings of the recent Van Buren meeting
The first resolution offered, approring of the held in Northumberland county are manifested. nomination of General Jackson, was carried. Like the meeting of the eight in Dauphin, which The second, third, and fourth resolutions, apmodestly elected two delegates to the Balti- proving of the Baltimore convention-the nomore Convention, this seems to have been a
mination of delegates to that convention, and trivial assemblage of discontented
, whose instructing them to support Martin Van Buren proceedings, however they may loom on paper, and negatived by large majorities of decided
for Vice President, were successively offered, are merely ridiculous. It is a remarkable fact, that in not one county west of the Allegheny
and warm friends of JACKSON. But five perntountain has the slightest disposition been sons voted”in favor of the last mentioned resomanifested to abandon the State and its candi- lutions--the whole force they were able to mus. date for the Vice Presidency. In the east, ter, after a week’s notice, although the meeting meetings have been summoned by the friends was held during the sitting of the court. This of Mr. Van Buren in not more than six counties,
is a true statement of the farce, which has been and these have been utter failures. Consider represented in extras, as the "voice of Northing the efforts that have been made since the umberland county.' 5th of March last to induce the democrats of the State to abandon their original position and fall
PRINCIPLES NOT MEN. into the wake of the New York candidate, these Susquehanna county Democratic Meeting. facts manifest most conclusively the absurdity
At a very numerous and respectable meeting of such an anticipation. Those who desire to of the democratic republican citizens of Sus force upon us a repudiated candidate for quehanna county, held pursuant to public nothe Vice Presidency, and who think the tice, at the house of Damel Curtis, in the bodemocracy of the State transferable stock, would rough of Montrose, on Monday evening 30th inst, act wisely if they should open their eyes to truth Almon H. Read, Esq. was appointed Presiand receive its' admonitions, grating as they dent, Jared Hyde, jr. John Comfort, Hosea may be. One of the “ signs of giving up Tifton, jr. and Joseph Washburn, Esqrs. Vice William Wilkins for Martin Van Buren, will Presidents, and C. L. Ward and Earle Wheeler be found in the proceedings of Susquehanna Secretaries. county, copied into another column. That On motion, county was for the Baltimore Convention. She Resolved, That a committee be appointed to