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zens, and in violating the rules of the Houst President, on this subject, in the interview at
by departing from the topic under discussio. which we were present, we proceed now to
for such a purpose? He maintained thai thi give.
slunderer was worse than the murderer-be He said that he, as one of the soldiers of the
cause disgrace was worse than death-and so revolution, would assert, that they did no: shed
much th: worse as death itself was no cure for their blood, in contending against the British
calumny; that an honorable man would rather tyranny, to transfer to the American Congress
die than submit to have bis character destroy the most undefined and despotic power ever
ed; he lived for character.

claimed by either House of the British Parlia.
On the suggestion that the course taken to- ment; that of trying and punishing for cons
Wards Mr. Stanbery would lead to a scene of structive contempts committed beyond the pale of
violence at Washington city, be observed, that its deliberations; that ours was a government of
the mischief would cure itself; that when mem- written constitutions and laws, that no line in
bers of Congress became sensible by the oc. the constitution, or letter of any law, authoris-
currence of a few such cases, that the free citi- ed either branch of Congress to assume juris-
zens of the country would not submit to be -- diction over offences belonging to the courts
bused by them, but would hold them personal- and juries; that the sedition law itself, as it had
ly responsible' tur slanders' on their private the sanction of all the departments of the Gove
character, they would cease to utter them. But ernment, had the semblance of right to coun-
that so long as members of Congress were pertenance it, but that the authority recently as-
mitted to avail themselves of what was assumed tumed to punish for offences analagous to
to be a privileged station, to traduce private shose provided for in that law, had not even
character, to assail the reputation of an Ameri- the color of a legislative act to sanction it, and
can citizen, or that of his wife and daughter, was exercised in derogation of the genius of
(for innocent women have already been slander our Government; that, if tolerated in its small
ed in the debates of Congress,) it would ine. beginnings, it would make great encroaciments
vitably lead to personal violence. It belonged in the end; that no people could submit to it
to Congress, then, to prevent such scenes by for a length of time without being prepared
requiring is members to abide by the rules : f for the shackles which it would certainly im-
the House, and not violate its order, their own pose; that he was sure free American citizens
constitutional duties, and the righis of the ci- could not consent to principles which the sub-
tizen, by wandering beyond the prescribed li- jects of the French monarchy had successively
mits of debate; that it was the duty of the resisted, althougla enforced by the influence of
House, if it could not restrain, to expel disor- the Prime Minister; that tney knew too well
derly members; that libels on private character that the word PREROGAPIVE could not be
promulgated on the floor of the House, and found within the lids of the constitution.
transferred to the public journals, sanctioned
by the character, and protected from being STEREOTYPE EDITION OF THE LAWS.
questioned by a court of law, by the constitu. The Globe of yesterday indulges in its usual
tional privileges of the body, would drive citi- style of abuse and misrepresentation on the sub-
zens, as had been the case will Houston, to ject of the proposal of the printer to Congress
violations of the law as their only means of vin. to publish a stereotype edition of the laws,
dication; that, under such circumstances, which a plain statement will put down.
Stanbery had invited the treatment he suffer- That paper asserts that the publication is not
ed, and bad created the inpression that he de. called for by the people, and that “the whole
served it.

object of this bill then was to provide a fat job To an intimation made by Mr. Danforth, that for Duff Green; and it is remarkable that the public functionaries ought to be protected, great advocate for this doceur were his ancient coupled with the inquiry whether the Presi. enemies.” Mr. Webster and Mr. Everett are dent had no other protection than as Andrew then assailed for voting in favor of the proposiJackson, he replied that the law sufficiently tion. protected them all; that the President had no Now to the facts: During the last adminisother protection than as Andrew Jackson, and tration a select committee, appointed by the that was enough; that to men, conducting House, reported in favor of printing a stereothemselves properly, this precious bouk, (al-type edition of the laws The object of luding to a book of constitutions, on which he the committee was to obta n for private purkad laid his hand,) gave ample security; and chasers, as well as for the officers of Governthat it gave Congress no right to punish for as- ment, a cheap and authentic edition of the laws. sults and batteries committed in the streets; It requires no argument to demonstrate the nethat the ac's of Congress, in relation to concessity for such a work. Such a work, from tempts to courts, showed the opinion enter the nature of things, can only be executed at tained by it, that the offence could only be the seat of Government. The proofs must be committed in the presence of the body offend compared with the rolls on file in the State Deed; and yet, the House of Representatives, partment. The printer to Cangress issued proin the late case, had refused to be bound posals which were laid before the last Congress; by its own principles as embodied in this and being referred to the Committee on the Lilaw.

brary, composed of three meinbers of each The only additional ideas adyanced by the House, three opposed to, and three in favor of,

the present administration, that committee con- no service in the work, we did not wish to emcurred in a joint resolution directing a subscrip- ploy him, and that we did not feel the necessity tion on the part of the Government, which was of purchasing his friendship, and would not, if not only approved of by Judge Wayne,and Mr. we did. Mr. Peters threw his proposals before Verplanck, who were then, as now, the friends the Senate, and endeavored to persuade some cf the administration, but it was also approved of the members of that body that we had atby Mr. Everett, of the Houre of Representa- tempted to underbid him—when the truth is, tives, and Messrs. Robbins, and Frelinghuysen, our proposals, at the same rate, had been before of the Senate, who are opposed to the adminis-Congress many, many months before we had tration; and the judge made several attempts to occasion to know that Mr. Peters was in existcall it up out of its order, that it might be acted ence. As to the Globe's attempt to dragoon upon at the last session. It remained among Congress into a rejection of our proposals, by the unfinished business of the House. Towards the threat of looking to this matter again, we the close of the session, Mr. Clayton, of the leave that, for the present, to be disposed of by Senate, expressed his conviction of the proprie- those upon whom it was intended to operate. ty of authorising the subscription, and pledged himself to vote for it at this session. These Mr. BENTON'S REPORT ON EXECUTIVE tacts cannot be denied, and completely put to

POWER rest the statement set forth in the Globe, that We are forcibly reminded of the profession the bill was got up by a coalition of Mr. Cal- and practice of this administration, by an article houn's and Mr. Clay's friends, to provide a fat in the New York Evening Journal

, which we job for the printer. Neither Judge Wayne or insert below. The slight alterations do not Mr. Verplanck can be suspected of fayoring vary their force, and with these amendments it either Mr. Calhoun or Mr. Clay, and Mr. Ever. is adopted. We know the veneration which ett, Mr. Robbins, and Mr. Frelinghuysen, the many of the people yet entertain for the characother members of the committee, who are now ter of General Jackson, and no one regrets charged with a coalition with the friends of Mr. more than we have done, the necessity of exCalhoun, supported the proposition long posing the melancholy truth that the Governbefore the correspondence between General ment is in fact administered, not by Andrew Jackson and Mr. Calhoun had produced the Jackson, but by “ a band of irresponsible des

. schism in the Jackson party.

pots, acting in the name of Andrew Jackson." This part of the attack being answered, it We do not pretend to say that this band comonly remains for us to speak of the price at pel Gen. Jackson to submit to their dictation by which the work is proposed to be printed. It force; but that they have complete power over would appear that the concurrence upon this his will, and use that power with an absolute point of Messrs. Wayne and Verplanck, who sway. are now politically opposed to the editor, and No one is more deceived than Generall Jack, of Messrs. Everett, Robbins, and Frelinghuy-son himself

. They bave arranged a system of sen, who now are, and always have been, so, correspondence they manufacture" publie and who were members of the Library Commit- sentiment" for his ear-they have private and tee, and conversant with the cost of such pub- confidential correspondents in every State in lications, would be conclusive. It will certain- the Union, to all of whom they simultaneously ly go far to rescue those who have voted in fa- give a cue; and private letters

, and the pur vor of this proposition from the anathemas ut- chased press, are made to speak the language tered against them by the disinterested editor of which the tyrants order. They have an indithe Globe.

vidual near the President's person, whose busiBut, we are told that Mr. Peters, the re-ness it is to read such paragraphs from newspaporter of the Supreme Court, handed to pets as have been arranged and marked for the Mr. Clay the proposals of a company in purpose. The old hero, Philadelphia to print this work at half the heart, is thus made to believe and to do whatprice. Now, to this, it is a sufficient answer ever the tyrants wish him to believe or to do; that Mr. Peters, after bills had been re- and hence his acts are so contradictory and vas. ported to both houses of Congress, directing a cillating. Those who in fact control him being subscription to our proposals, called upon the irresponsible, and acting by such means, are chairman of the Judiciary Committee of the under less restraint than if they were directly House, with a project to add to the edition cer- responsible to the people. tain reports of the Supreme Court, and propo History will never do justice to the intrigues sing to publish four thousand copies at four dol- which are now practised upon the people, nor lars per volume; and when he was told that we will posterity believe that such men as Kendall

, only asked two dollars and fifty cents per vol. Lewis, and their associates, who are now known ume, he said that he was well acquainted with to have it, ever exercised such an influence over the expenses of printing books, and that it was this republic; for it will require the revolution impossible for us to publish the work at that price. of centuries to produce a similar combination of Sundry propositions were then made to us to circumstances to create a parallel. The congive Mr. Peters an interest in our contract, with viction of this truth adds greatly to our embar an assurance that he would be content with a rassment in the discharge of our duty as an edi: very small portion of the profit. To this, our tor. We feel the responsibility which we have reply was, that as Mr. Peters could render us incurred by what we have done towards plac

the sincerity of his

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aids ing xenerai Jackson in power, and through him port him are denounced. We quote an ex

contributing to build up these petty tyrants; tract below. We ask the people to think of and yet we feel the impossibility of satisfying these things.

Are we freemen or are we the people-the honest, confiding people—that (slaves? Is it possible that we should have liv- the power, which we confided to Andrew Jack-ed to propound such a question to the Amerison, is in fact exercised by others through him. can public? We have seen the powerful influence which Extract of a letter written in Washington, these men have brought to bear against us, and and published in the Baltimore Republican:

great efforts which they have made to destroy our reputation for truth; their object being

“WASHINGTON, May 9, 1832. to perpetuate their power by the destruction

“Sir: From the numerous delegates who of all those who dare resist their misrule; or have passed through this city, and who are alwho dare speak of the enormity of their pro- most hourly arriving from he south and southceedings.

west, I have no doubt that the Baltimore Con. One of their most decisive movements has vention will be well attended from all sections been directed at members of Congress. They of the Union. It is very gratifying to find from have labored to give, in their respective districts

, their conversation that their great object is the more power to the name of the President than union and prosperity of the republican party of belongs to the immediate representatives of the the country and that one opinion prevails among people. If this be once acomplished, Con- them as to the propriety of a National Convengress will become the servile tools of these irre- tion for selecting a candidate for Vice-President. sponsible despots

, and ready to enforce their They are nearly as numerous in favor of M. ruthless edicts, no matter how absurd or profli-Van Buren for that station: they look upon gate. Hence the systematic warfare upon eve- him as one of the most eminent and highly giftsy member of either House who dares to entered statesmen of the country: they know him to tain an opinion for himself. The attack upon be a sterling republican and true patriot: they Governor Poindexter, and Governor Moore, know that he was attempted to be sacrifiwas intended to intimidate other members of ced, and that the best interest of the country Congress, as well as to punish them for their were injured by his rejection: they know that disobedience. It was intended as a declara- it was his great talents and high standing, and tion for all

, «. if you do not patiently wear the not his want of American feelings;" that incollars, which we, (Kendall

, Lewis, & Co.,) duced Clay and Calhoun to conspire against have put on your necks, we will let loose the him: they know that, by striking him, they Globe, and every other purchased press, to hunt aimed a deadly blow at Andrew Jackson himself? you down. We will use the name and influ- they know that the new coalition” are strience of Andrew Jackson to denounce you;" ying hard to carry the election of Vice-Presiand hence the warfare waged against Congress dent into the Senate, where they will “ bargain” itself. It is intended as a declaration to every

and! « barter” for it: They know they are bumember of the House of Representatives, that sily engaged in causing divisions in our ranks, the weight and influence of the kitchen cabinet by countenancing Wilkins in Pennsylvania, Barwill be tlurown in the scale of any demagogue bour in Virginia, and Johnson in Kentuckywhom they may select as an opposing

candidate, and, knowing these facts, they seem pretty dewith instructions to raise a huzza for Jackson termined to support Mr. Van Buren for Viceand reform!! This is done not only for the President. This step would cause the Calhoun purpose of whipping the timid into the ranks- men to show their true colors at once. We to compel them to do the dirty work of the des- would then know with whom we had to conpots here, but to break down at home the influ- tend. It would strip the pretended Jackson ence of those who have too much public virtue, men of their flimsy covering, and expose them independence of character, and self-respect,

to at once to the public view. The Tazewells and become the tools of these irresponsible and Barbours of Virginia—the Wickliffes and Dadespicable tyrants. They wage a warfare of niels of Kentucky—the

Sutherlands and Coulextermination upon every independent repre

ters of Pennsylvania-the Roots of New York, sentative-attributing to him a want of patriot- and the Barringers of North Carolina, woul ism, least when he returns amongst his consti- then be thrown“ off the fence.” They would tuents he řay expose to the people the profi- be compelled to take one side or the other, şate arts by which the people are deceived, and not oppose the administration by their duped, and governed. Hence these men set votes and speeches, while tbey profess to be the up the will of the President as the rule of ac- friends of General Jackson.” tion. To oppose the will of the President-to thwart or refuse obedience to any of his measuaes, is cause of excommunication from his FEDERAL PATRONAGE. party, and of political degradation. Hence we In examining the memorable report of Mr. are told by authority” that Mr. Van Buren is Senator Benton, made to the Senate in the se. the candidate of the President, and of all the cond year of the administration of John Q. members of his cabinet,” for the Vice Presiden Adarns, we have shown up the causes of com. cy; and the Baltimore Republican, the organ of plaint on the part of the Hon. Senator, and the Secretary of the Treasury, gives a letter called the reader's attention to the remarkable from Washington, in which all who do not sup- adaption of the whole document, ss though


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dictued on a spirit of prophecy, and written oy cur of power, and enuuti i .e to stue tiu rudit an inspired penman, to the career of the party tasily, and much more secure with, then without now in power. We now proceed to make sun the nominal check of the Senate. If the Presi. dry extracts from the coucludin. portion of that dent was bimself the offic r of the people, lectmasterly report : and we beg the reader to note ed by them, and responsible to them, there how exactly Mr. Benion bas pictured forth wuld be less danger from this concentration of tho-e very evils, which, under the Jackson dy a1: power in his hands; but it is th busiivess of nisty, came into being. It is really a matters tesmen to look upon things as they are, and of astonishment that any mere mortal should not as they would wish them to be. We must, possess the gift of soothsaying to a degree so hen, look forward to the time when the pub. accurate in result.

lic revenue will be doubled ; when the civil He states that, for the purpose of exhibiting and military officers of the Federal Goveruinent to the Senate "a full and perfect view of the will be quadrupled ; when its influence over power and workings of federal patronage, the individuals will be multiplied to an ind-finito committee addressed a note to each of the De.extent; when the nomination by the President partments, and to the Postmaster (ieneral, re- can carry any man TALOUGH THE SENATE, and questing a statement of the whole number of his recommendation can carry any measurt persons employed, and the whole amount of :?rough the Houses of Congress; wen the money paid out under the direction of their re principle of public action will be open and spective Deparrtments." The answers to these, the President wants mi vote, and I inquiries were made a part of the report of the wint uts patronage : I w id vote as he wishes, committee ; and Mr Benton proceeds to draw and he will give me the office I wish for. What these inferences : "that the power and influ- will this be but the government of one man? ence of the federal patronage are an overmatch And what is the government of one man but a for the power and influence of State patrun-monarchy ? Names are nothing. The na ure age; that its workings will contaminale the pu. of a thing is in its substance, and the name rity of all elections, and enable the Federal Go. soon accommodates itself to the substance. The vernment, eventually, to govern throughout first Roman Emperor was styled Emperor of the States as effectually as if they were so inany the Republic, and the fast French Emperor provinces of one vast empire." These fure- took the same tiile ; and their respective coud bodings are now literally realized !

tries were just as essential.y monarchicale. To the powerful language which follows, we fure, as after the assumption of these uitles. It invoke the most earnest attention of every lover cannot be denied or dissembled, but that this of hi. country, and every despiser of hypocrisy Federal Government gravitates to the same and deception. Mr. Benton wished himself to point." be understood as describing abuses which had Reader ! we ask you to peruse the forego. existence elsewhrre than in his own ardent inia. ing, again and again ; consider its source, and gination. Unconsciously, perhaps, he was deal mark the almost miracul us adiptation of the ing in the future not the past, nor the then entire passage to that state of things which we present; he was uttering prognos ications are now beh Iding, and suffering, under the which he was shortly to see fulfilled, and bignominious misrule of a band of irresponsible his own aid.-not' recording historical facts o despots, acting in the name of Andrew Jackwhich bis countrymen, thitherto, had acquire son ! But, with what aniazement will be resby any sort of experience. "The whole of this der regard the paragraph which, in the report, great power,” he exclaims, in the fervor of this immediately follo stile above quotation! IR inspiration, "WILL CENTRE IN THE PRESI-'ne annexed extract, bow faithiudy has Mr. DENT !” and he proceeds to enforce his pre- Thomas H, Bentun foretold the precise Vents diction, by the following strong and irresistible which have occurred at the Federal Capital reasoning :

within a very few week! He had previously, “The King of England is the centre of ho. on ano: her occasion, warned his constituents of nor: the President of the United Ştates is the the sanguinary consequences to be dreaded source of patronage. He presides over the en from the elevation of Gen. Jackson to power ; tire system of federal appointments, jobs, and and that warning, uttered solemnly and delicontrácts. He has power over the supporiberatly, has since proved to bave been the of the individuals who administer the system. voice of TRUTH. Now listen to bis still more He makes and unmakes them. He chooses formal admonitions, addressed to his colleagues from the circle of his friends and supporters, of the Senate : and may dismiss them, and, upon all the prin " Those who make the President must supciples of human action, will dismiss them, as port him. Their political fate becomes idea. often as they disappoint his expectations. His tified, and they must stand or fall together, spirit will animale their actions in all the elec- Right or wrong, they must support him; and if tions to State and Pederal offices. There may he be enade contrary to the will of the people, he be exceptions, but the truth of a general rule must be supported, not only by votes and is proved by the exception.

The intended SPSECRES, but BI ARMS. A violent and forced check and control of the Senate, without new con state of things will ensue. Individual combats stitutional or stationary provisions, will cease to will take place, and the combats of individuals operate. Patronage will penetrate this body, will be the forerunner to general engagements. subdue its capacity of repistance, chain it to the The array of man against man, will be the pres


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luce !o be array of army gairt ar y, and o the armed force, and the appointing power, Stale against Stae. Such is the law of nature are in the hands of the President, and the Presiand it is equally in vain for one set of men t denth imself is not in the hands of the people: chim an exeo ption from its operation, asi The President may, and in the current of huwouli! be for any other set to suppose that, un man affairs, WILL BE AGAINST THE PEOPLE; and, der the same circumstanc s, they would not ac in his hands, the arbiters of human fate must be in the saine manner.

against them also. The safety of the people is The remedy which Mr. Benton proposed to the "supreme law;" and to ensure that safety, apply-or rather the preventive again i the oc. these arbiters of human fate must change posicurrence of these appaling evils, was the elec- tion, and take post on the side of the people.” tion of President directly by the people. The report then proceeds to urge another

“RAISING THE WIND.” amendment of the Constitution, "intended to We learn that Doctor Davis, who was particuexclude Senators and Representatives from ap-larly noticed in Monday's Telegraph, has been po ntments to civil offices, under the authority negotiating Post Office drafts, received for servof the Federal Government!" Does not the ices not performed, if the editor of the Edgemere mention of this proposition, at the present field Carolinian is correctly informed. These time, call into the cheek of every Jackso nman, Post Office drafts were refused by at least one not utteriy callous to all feelings of shame, a banker, who happened to know something blush of conscious degradation? Is not the about the doctor; one or more were negotiated party detected in its atrocious dissimulations; at one of the banks in this city.

The bullying and will not the people, judging of the insin- doctor is supported by the Post Office Depart cerity of such professions by the wholesale in- ment, in common with many other persons of consistency of their acts, pass sentence of con- his description; one of his agents was trying to demnation upon the pretenders? But for the sell Post Office, drafts last Friday. Really, Mr. present, we close, with the concluding portion Grnndy, it would seem that the strongest obof this pithy and pregnant document. It is not jection to the abolition of postage on newspain the power of any member of the opposition, pers, is that the department has become a reso truly to pourtray what has been, and is, since ceptacle for such political tracts as cannot be the ascendency of the Jackson party, as was otherwise provided for. done six years ago, by Mr. Thomas H. Benton, in advance.

In our article published in our daily paper of The committee must then take things as Wednesday commenting on Mr. McLane's they are. Not being able to lay the axe at the scheme, we stated the amount of the accrued root of the tree, they must go to pruning among duties for the year ending on the 31st day of the limbs and branches. "Not being able to December, 1831, at $33,319,000. That amount reform the Constitution in the election of Presi- was taken from the annual report of the Secredent, they must go to work upon his powers, tary of the Treasury, made at the commenceand trim down these by statuary enactments, ment of the session. It now appears, by anowherever it can be done by law, and with a just ther report from the Secretary, covering a stateregard to the proper efficiency of the Gover- ment from the register, that the duty actually ment. . For this purpose, they have reported accrued was $36,857,162!!--the difference bethe six bills which have been enumerated. They tween the two consisting in an error in an estido not pretend to have exhausted the subject, mate of the Secretary, as we suppose, in the dubut only to have seized a few of its prominent ties accrued in the last quarter of the year endpoints. They have only touched, in four places, sing on 31st December, 1831. This error, like the vast and pervading system of Federal Exe. all those committed by the Treasury Depart.. cutive patronage: the press, the Post Office, the ment, acts in the same direction, and, in effect, armed force

, and the appointing power. They is calculated to make the impression—which it are few, compared to the whole number of is certainly the desire of the Secretary to make points which the system presents, but they are that his scheme would reduce the imposts to vital to the liberties of the country. The press the revenue point. It will become necessary to is put foremost, because it is the moving power make our calculations of yesterday correspond of human action: the Post Office is the handmaid to the amount of the revenue now ascertained of the press; the armed force its executor; and to have actually accrued in the year 1831; and, as the appointing power the directress of the there were several typographical errors in our whole. If the appointing power was itself an article of Wednesday, in consequence of the enemauation of the popular will if the Presi- gagements of the editor preventing him from dent was himself the officer and the organ of correcting the proof, we have again inserted it the people, there would be less danger in leaving in this impression, corrected and adjusted to to his will

, the sole direction of all these arbi- the actual amount of the accrued duty of the ters of human fate. But things must be taken year 1831. as they are; statesmen must act for the country We also pnblish the letter of the register of they live in, and not for the Island of Utopia; the Treasury, accompanying the report of the they must act upon the state of facts in that Secretary of the Treasury. It will be seen, country, and not upon the visions of fancy. In among other things, that the nett revenue from the country for which the committee act, the the duties accrued in 1831, is upwards of thirty press, with some exceptions, the Post Office, millions and a half of dollars! and, also, that a

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