« ForrigeFortsett »
be disposed of by the Ritchies, the Archers, saw, their own profit in defeating it. It was
It is admitted that the fact that the measure market, as if that patriotic section were so was approved by the last administration is no much trash to be cast into the scale of their pro- reason why it should be approved by this; but motiun. But to the extracts. Enough for the the fact that it was approved by both political present-more hereafier.
parties, before the subdivision of the Jackson FROM THE ALBANY ARGUS, OF JULY 16, 1827. party, is at once conclusive as to the charge
that the proposition was got up by the friends “But, as late as 1824, Mr. Webster, in the of Mr. Clay and Mr. Calhoun, for the purpose House of Representatives, and Mr. Mills and of benefitting us. Those who were in favor of Mr. Lloyd, in the Senate, and all that class of this proposition have not changed their views men in the eastern States, with Mr. Rufus in relation to this measure. As much cannot King and others in this State uniformly oppos- be said of those who have turned against it on ed to the 'American system,” voting through- party grounds, if any such there be, and it is out against the present tariff, and against eve clear inat it is in that view only that it is assailry proposition to encourage the industry of the ed in the Globe; for, loud as are its present country, and for every proposition intended to complaints now on the question of price, so defeat the bill or reduce the measure of pro- far from making a single objection to the much tection; whilst, on the other hand, on the higher price given by the friends of Mr. Van same occasion, Messrs. Dickerson, Jackson, Buren to Gales & Seaton for printing the old Van Buren, Seymour, and others, voted for documents, it twitted them for ingratitude for and support d that bill, and the system gene speaking unkindly of one of the members who rally. Mr. Webster and some of his associates, voted in favor of the job; nor did they utter a have suddenly become the advocates of the complaint, when, from the management of Mr. doctrine-we hope sincerely, and, we will not Verplanck and Nir. Marcy, an appropriation of say, for temporary, political
, or expedient pur- twelve thousand five hundred dollars was smugposes. But it is somewhat too early in the pe- gled through both Houses to enable the Secreriod of their conversion 10 attempt to set them- irry of State to bestow a bounty (as we guess) selves up as the exclusive friends, or to charge
editor of the Globe.
, at this day, the might be well to inform the public of the ex
tent of the job thus obtained, and the price at great mass of the people, and politicians of all
which it is to be executed. sorts, in this State, are decidedly in favor of
But, we are told, that, although Mr. Peters the American system. Nearly all in this res.
put in his proposals at a much higher rate than pect think and act together. The proceed that contemplated by the bill, he also handed ings of this day, therefore, will doubtless be
in the proposals of Mr. Kay at one-half the conducted in a spirit of candor which commands respect; with moderation which indicates price. Mr. Peters is the Reporter of the Suconfidence; with a just regard for all the inter-preme Court, and a bookmaker by profession. ests of society, and the commonwealth which the proposals of Mr. Kay are the proposals of
Mr. Kay is, we understand, his printer. Thus deserves success; and with reason, argument, Mr. Peters, and it is apparent that they were and liberality which ensures it."
thrown in for the purpose of defeating our pro
position, and giving colur to the charge of fa. STEREOTYPE EDITION OF THE LAWS. (voritism now omade by the Globe against the
The Globe of Thursday makes another friends of Mr. Calhoun and Mr. Clay, although publication, based upon Mr. Kay's proposition Mr. Perers professes to be the de.ided partito subscribe for 11,000 copies of the laws at $1 san of Mr. Clay. This proceeding, on his 25 per volume, and asserts that the difference part, warrants our stating some facts in relabetween his proposition and ours was intended iion to him. as a bonus, by the friends of Mr. Clay and Mr. When he first came to the city last winter, Calhoun, to ihe publisher. The Globe says, he asked four dollars per volume, and said that that "the Telegraph gives the public to un- it was impossible for us to execute the work at derstand that this project of the stereotype edi- $2.50. After we liad been fully sounded, and tion originated with the last administration," had refused to buy him off, he came forward and adds, “this certainly ought not to be a re- with a proposition to print 5000 copies at $2 75 commendation of the scheme to the friends of the present.” It is not true. We did not say Among the documents brought out by the the project originated with the last administra- Comınittee of Investigation, it appears that tion. It originated in the House of Repre- the hopeful editor of the Globe was indebted sentatives during the last administration, and to the Bank of the United States upwards of received the sanction of both political parties twenty thousand dollars, which, abvui the time It was approved by both political parties in the that he was purchased up by Mr. Van Buren, last Congress, and never was supported or op- was compromised as a desperate debt by a fee posed on party grounds until Amos Kendall
, bill of $37 50, and his brother-in-law's note for Wm. B. Lewis & Co., saw, or thought they $200.
per volume, reducing the price to $1 87 for close our eyes to the fact, that the motion for 11,000 copies, an. I still leaving it to be under.laying the bill upon the table, was, in part, a stood that the proposition would be withdrawn, party vote. Some members voting, consistent. provided he could receive a bonus for doing so. ly, against all such propositions ; others with'When this was rejected, and after the bill had out a full understanding, the motion to say passed the Senate by a vote of nearly two to upon the table precluding debate. The object one, Mr. Peters came forward and placed in the of the Globe is to lash up the timid, and to hands of Mr. Clay, of Alabama, who has made compel the partisans of the administration to bimself particularly conspicuous as the cham- oppose the proposition, under the apprehenpion of the kitchen cabinet, a proposition to do sion of being denounced as deserters. The the work for less than one third the price which zeal with which the adıninistration labors to he himself had asked. These facts cannot be cut off our sources of employment is known to denied; we know that the relation which Mr the public. It is known that they have made Peters holds to the Supreme Court of the U. S. direct personal appeals to our subscribers, forbids the idea that he would be capable of endeavoring to intimidate some, and to persuch conduct; but, unless we are inisinformed, suade others, to discontinue their support; and there are other facts which present him in no Mr. McLane, the Secretary of the Treasury, less unenviable light, which, if it becomes ne-busily as he has been engaged in adjusting the cessary, we will not hesitate to publish. tarift and the Bank of the United States, has
We relurn to the price. In the first place, found time to look into the sources of our emthe work must be executed here; the object is ployment, and bas had the meanness to notify to get an authentic copy of the laws, which can the clerk of the Supreme Court that he will only be had by comparing the proof with the no longer allow the item for printing, hererooriginal rolls in the State Department. The fore done under the order of the Court, and difference in the price of labor at this place and certified and paid for as part of its contingent Philadelphia, will necessarily increase the cost expenses. of publication here. And again. The original Witb these facts before us, we are not surdecisions of the Supreme Court, are placed in prised to find the Globe resorting to Mr. Pe. the hands of the reporter. During the last siers as an auxiliary, and dragooning members term Mr. Peters was charged with having made of Congress to make this a pary vote. an erroneous report of Judge Baldwin's opinion, The Globe labors to draw a parallel between (we believe it was in the Indian case,) and up- this appropriation and the "stupendous fraud.” on the original being called for, Mr. Peters We protest against being put in such compawould not produce it, alleging that the original ny. Had we consented to it, the Globe never opinions were his property, and that he had a would have been established; or else it would right to destroy them, which had been done in have been a mere tender, giving aid and comibis case. If the original rolls of the laws are fort to the Telegraph, instead of opposing it. to share the same fate, Mr. Peters can make the fraud is under investigation ; the facts the law what he pleases.
will soon be before the public; when, unless But, as we before said, the object being to we are much deceived, all that we have said in publish an authentic copy of the laws, it is im- relation to it will be fully confi'med. portant that it should be well done, and on good materials. Mr. Peters, himself, charges
GOV. MOORE. five dollars per volume, in muslin binding, Accounts from Alabama, from the most re. for his reports ; and this is about the average spectable sources, concur in representing that price which is given by Congress for most of a great reaction is taking place in behalf of the new publications for which they have sub- Governor Moore. The people of that pa. scribed. Two dollars and a half is the sub-triotic State place a proper estimate upon the scription price of Carey & Lea's popular En efforts which have been made to break down cyclopediæ, on light paper, of the same num- the independence of the Senate, in the person ber of pages, and bound in muslin ; yet this of her faithful representative. We are permit. work has been stereotyped, and, deservedly, ted to publish the following letter from one of has an extensive circulation. A part of the his constituents, being one of many, of similar proposed edition is to be bound in the best import, received by him. calf; the rest in substantial leather binding, wbich, as is ascertained by the committee of
Ashville, St. Clain, April 13, 1832. ,! the House, costs, in Philadelphia, from 50 to 70 Hon. GABRIEL MOORE. cents. It is apparent to all, that the price of DEAR SIR: I have to acknowledge your digthe work should depend upon the manner in nified defence, and complete refutation of the which it is executed--of the'materials of which accusations which have been unsparingly lavish. it consists. We appeal 10 the public worked upon you, for your commendable vute reexecuted by us, and to the improvements we fusing to confirm the nomination of Martin Van bive made for proof, and as the best guarantee Buren. I have long since been apprised of the which we could give that the work, it exécuted motives by which you were governed upon bat by us, will be worth the price which is asked impurtant occasion, and have looked upon the for it.
denunciations which have been unjustli thun. The Globe says, that if the bill passes at all, dered against you from various portions of this it must succeed by absenteism. 'We cannot state as unmerited. If your opponents bad
suspended an expression of their opin on until dies? If so, why did he not carry his slave-like
UNITED STATES' BANK. ihat you were opposed to General Jackson. Perfectly ignorant of the motives by which you HOUSE OF REPRE, ENTATIVES. were actuated, they have brought into requisi
Mordar, Mar 14. tion all the influence they could command, but being doubtful that this would fail, they have Mr. Adams, of the Committee appointed on basely deserted the lawful points of disputation, the 15th of March, 1832, to examine and reand lugged in the ponderous name of General port on the books and proceedings of the Bank Jackson to silence into oblivion your patriotic of the United States, submitted ihe following conduct. Does this exhibit that generous and report: high-minded feeling which should ever be
The subscriber, one of the members of the throun into consideration, when investigating committee appointed on the 15th of March the conduct of our public functionaries? Is this last, to proceed to Philadelphia to inspect the the legitimate way of deducing conclusions of books, and to examine the proceedings of the their innocence or guilt? Sir, I hold that we president and directors of the bank of the should not be bound to subunit with deference United States, and report thereon-and particuto the decision of sucla ruthless inquisitors. An arly to report whether the charter of the bank adherence to such doctrine, would satisfactorily has been violated or not, dissenting from the comport with the feelings of a cringing syco- report agreed upon by the majority of the phant or palace menial, but could not be brook- committee, deems it his duty to subroit to the ed by a soul which breathes a spirit of inde- House the considerations upon which bis own pendence. God forbid that we should ever conduct in the proceedings of the committee depute a Senator to Congress, who would go has been governed, and the conclusions to in the humiliating capacity of a servant, or who which they
have broughi his mind in relation to would suffer his judgment to be controlled by this subject. the intrigues of a Court. Had you voted for It will be recollected by the House that the the confirmation of Van Buren, you would bave appointment of the committee was made upon merited a condemnation from which there a resolution offered by the subscriber as an should in justice have been no retreat. Let amendment to a resolution preriously offered but an impartial examiner read the instructions by the chairman of the committee.
The of that vile political juggler to Mr. McLane, amended resolution adopted by the House, was and if he has the smallest spark of patriotisma pre..icated on the principle avowed by the pro. glowing in his bosom, he would indignantly poser of the amendment, tbat the original reso. pronounce them as emanating from a heart es-lution presented objects of inqu ry, not author: tranged from his country, and from views selo ised by the charter of the bask, nor thin the fish and detestable. Was it for the benefit of legitimate powers of the flouse-particularly the couniry that he resorted to his low servile that is looked to investigations which must ne. beggary, to procure the trade of the West In- cessarily implicate not only the president and
directors of the bank and their proceedings, spect the books and examine the price's gs but the rights, the interests, the fortunes, and of the corporation, and tu .cport thereon. the reputation of individuals not responsible But they are not authorised to ex.mige or for those proceedings, and whom neither the report upon the accounts or proces dings of committee nor the House had the power to try, individuals. The examinations by cormita or even to accuse before any other tribunal. tees anthorised by the chartki, are from the In the examination of the books and proceed-context of the sections, evidently given as preings of the bank, the pecuniary transactions of liminary meatis, for bringing the corpora u in multitudes of individuals with it, must necessa- the event of malpractice, on their part, read or sarily be disclosed to the committee, and the suspected, before a judicial tribunal for tral. proceedings of the president and directors of Whenever a committee so appointed, reports the banks, in relation therelo, formed just and that the charter has been violated, tie final acproper subject of inquiry; not, however, in the tion of Congress in the case is limited to the opinion of the subscriber, to any extent, which discretionary power of directing that a sci e fa. would authorise them to criminate any individ. cias should be sued out from the Circuni Court of ual other than the president, directors, and of the U. States, for th- district of Pennsylvania, reficers of the bank of its branches-110r them, quiring the corporation to show cause why their otherwise than as forming part of their official charter should not be declared forfeited. But proceedings. The subscriber believed that the so jusily and so wisely tender was the Cungress authority of the committee, and of the House which constituied te corporation to reserve to itself, did not extend, under color of exam- the president and directors of the bank the enining into the books and proceedings of the joyment of their civil rights, that the same secbank, to scrutinize, for animadversion or crnution which gives to Congress this conirol over
the religious or political opinions even of them expressly provides i nat for the trial of the the president and directors of the bank, nor facts at issue between them and the United their domestic or family concerns, nor their pri. States, upon the return of the scire facias, they Vate lifes or characters, nor their mor :l or po- shall be entitled to the benefit of a jury. The litical, or peculiary standing in society, still corporation, theref re, cannot ultimately suffer less could he believe the coinmittee invested b. deprivation of their rights upon the unfavorwith a power to embrace in their sphere of in- able report of any committee of Con ress, inor vestigation, researches so invidious and inquisi- even by the order of Congress itself, that a torial over multitudes of individuals having no scire facias should be sued out. connection wiih the bank other than that of tive shield of the constitution, trial by jury, is dealing with them in their appropriate business extended over them; the s.cred trus: of their of discounts, deposites, and exchange.
franchises is expressly placed under the guar. In these views he felt bimself the more con- dianship of that power conservative of all infirmed, because he perceived no other course dividual rights--thie verdict of their peers. of inquiry that could be pursued, without in. In the present case, the resolution originally vading the sanctuary of private life, and com- offered by the chairman of this committee, was mitting outrage upon the most piecious of so- avowedly presented for anotber purpose--not cial rights. The transactions of the bank, with with a view that the final action of the House their customers, are in the ordinary course of upon the result of the examination should be the beir business, bighiy confidential; an examina- direction that a scire facias should be sued out tion into them by strangers, so far as it impli- to give ihe corporation the benefit provided for cates the individuals with whom the bank has them by the law itself, of a fair rial by jury, dealings, bears all the exceptionable and odious but that by ransacking all the books and proproperties of general warrants and domiciliary ceedings of the corporation from its first organ visits.
The principle of this protection to in. nization to the present day, some latent frand, dividual rights, is recognised in the charter of looseness, or irregularity, might be detected in the bank itself, and in its by-laws. By the fif- the proceedings of the president and directors, teenth fundamental article of the charter, a present or past, of the company, which might limited power is given to the officer at the be elaborated and wrought up into an arguinent head of the Treasuay Department, to inspect against the renewal of the charter of the insti. the general accounts and books of the bank, tution. This was the avowed purpose of a mem. with an express exception of the account of ber claiming the right of being considered as a any individual, and in the by-laws of the bank, perfectly fair, cool, and impartial investigator there is a provision that no stockholder shall be of those proceedings, and, at the same time, permitted to inspect any account of any per- that if the result of them should be to exone son with the bank other than his own. The rate from all blame the responsible officers of same restriction is not indeed applied to the he company, the inquisitor should still be at li. authority given in the twenty-third section of berty to vote and speak against the revewal of the charter to the committees of either House the charter upon the ground of constitutional of Congress, appointed to inspect the books, cruples. and examine the proceedings of the corpora,
it was only by virtue of the 23d section of the tion; but that section neither gave nor could act of incorporation of the bank, that the House give powers of judicial authority to be exer-possessed the power of appointing a committee cised over any individual for purposes of crimi- with authority to examine the books and pro. nation or of trial. The committee are to in ceedings of the corporation ; and that seciion
distincily indicated the purposes for which this pecuniary transactions, and to scrutinize the power was reserved.
It was to furnish the fortunes and characters of thousands of indivimeans in the event of the commission of gros dual citizens of the Union, merely because they abuses on the rart of the president and direc have an account in bank, which, in the examitors, to put then upon trial. The righl of try - nation of the books and proceedings of the coring them is not reserved to the House itself-poration, must incidentally be disclosed. The nor can it, by the House, be conferred upon any subscriber is under the deep and indelible im. committee. It belongs, exclusively, to the ju. pression that no such power is given to Con. dicial courts. It is a familiar argument to many gress by the charter of the bank, nor does be expounders of the Constitution of the United believe that such a power can be exercised, States, that no power granted to Congress can without a flagrant violation of the principles up. be exercised for any other purpose than that on which the freedom of this people has been for which it was granted. The importance of founded. this principle may be seen in the consideration. It was under this impression that he moved that it is the only foundation of the argument the amendment, which received the sanction of against the constitutionality of a pr tective ta- the House, to the r solution originally offered riff It is contended that a grant of power to for the appointment of an investigating commitlevy taxes, duties, and imposis, to pay ihe debts tee. That amendment was carried by a conand provide for the common defence and gene. sideaaule majority of votes in the House. The ral welfare, cannot justly be construed into a course of investigation pursued by the majority power to levy the same duties, taxes, imposts, of th committee has, however, been not conand excises, for 'he protection of manufacture3. formable to the principles of the resolution If there be any soundness in this principle, ap- adopted by the House, but to those of the oriply it to this reservation of power in either ginal resolution, which the House did not acHouse of Congress to appoint investigating and cept; a consequence which was naturally to be examining committees on the books and .pro- «xpected, from the circumstance that a majoriceedings of the barik. The power is reserved ly of the comifittee was appointed from the for th purpose of enabling either House of Con- minority of the House-that is, from bose gress to put the president and directors upon who had voted against the amendment adopted trial for delinquency; upon trial by the judges by the Mouse of the land , "pon trial by a jury of the vicin. The question of the principles upon which age. It is oot reserved for the purpose of ena the examination was to be conducted, occurred bling a committee of the House to ruin the pre. immediately after the arrival of the committee sident and directors in fortune and reputation, at Poiladelphia, and it was determined conforby a partial, prejudiced, electioneering report, mably to the views of a majority of the com. condemning ihem as victims of political rancor, mi tee, representing, so far as the views of the without law or justice-without judge or jury - House had been manifested, a minority of the nur is it res rved even to enable the House ro House. determine the expe liency of reviewing the char There was accordingly no restriction 10 the ter of the bank. The power is not reserved for latitude of investigation, as it had been propose that purpose; nor, if there be any soundness in ed in the roriginal motion of the chairman of the argument against the constitutionality of the the committee. No objection was made on protecting tariff, can it be extrcised for that ibe part of the president and directors of the purpose. In this view of the subject, the House bank, excepting that ibe President did remind would not even have possessed the lawful pow. the committee of the confidential nature of the er of appointing the committee. The committee transactions between the bank and its customwas appointed not for the purpose of putting ers, with the assurance of his reliance that it the president and directors of the bank upon w.uld be considered and respected. All their trial; nor was it intended by the mover of the books, and all the accounts of individuals with resolution that they should have the benefit of the bank, called for by any member of the a trial by jury.
committee, were exhibited to them. It is not the intention of the subscriber to Had there been a member of the committee press this course of reasoning ; to which, in its thirsting for the ruin of a personal enemy, or a application to the tariff
, he does not yield his political adversary, and who, by this inquisition To those who hold the doctrine that into the accounts of all who had dealt with the the purpose for which a power is granted forms bank, could have been put in possession of an indispensable condition for the lawfulness of facts, the disclosure of which might have de. its exercise, he leaves the argument, to bear stroyed his peace, bis fortune, or his fame, the with its proper weight. But it under a power opportunity afforded him by this course of proto appoint investigating committees, to ascer- ceeding would have been to inviting to have tain by the verdict of a jury whether the char- been resisted. That there was such a member ter has been violated or not, a constructive pow-upon the committee, the subscriber does not er is given to sport with the feelings, and for a firm. The eagerness with which private actunes, and reputation of honest and honorable counts were sought for: and, in an especial men, because they happen to hold the offices of manner, those of editors of newspapers, mempresident and directors of the bank of the Uni-bers of Congress, officers of Government, and ted States, there is surely no authority given in all indeed possessing political influence them. the bank charter to pry into the accounts and selves, or likely to suffer in public estimation