Tevenue, nothing, that he could say, would prc- to a by-gone question. But as to the extent to duce that effect."

which that protection ought to go, and the best FEB. 5, 1827.-The question was taken on means of applying it,we differ among ourselves, the passage of the bill, and, in the following list and should probably continue to do so as long of yeas and nays, Vr. Van Buren will be found as there were different interests, or diversities as voting against it:

of opinion amongst us. Upon the general sub"YEAS-Messrs. Benton, Bibh, Berrien, ject, the sentiment of the State now is, and long Branch, Chambers, Chandler, Cobb, Eaton, has been, in accordance with the aets of the Edwards; Harrison, Hayne, king, Knight, Ma- government.” con, McKinley, Randolph, Reed, Rowan, “Look, said he, to Kentucky. With PennSmith, Md., Smith, s. C., White, Williams, sylvania, she occupied the front rank among the Woodbury.-24.

protecting States. Her citizens and represen"NAYS-- Messrs. Barton, Bateman, Boulig- tatives have stood shoulder to shoulder, and ny, Chase, Clayton, Dickerson, Findlay, Hen- contended manfully whenever they could be dricks, Holmes, Johnson, Ky., Johnson, La., useful. Even upon the question of means, Kanc, Marks, Noble, Ridgely, Robbins, Rug- there was not heretofore any diversity of sentigles, Sinford, Seymour, Thomas, VAN BU- ment to be found among them." REN--21.

* How changed the scene! That State is now Having thus shown his disposition to continue literally in a blaze of controversy upon this suban oppressive tax on the most essential article ject. At the last session, her representation of consumption, we will see what were the sen- was divided upon the question of the woollens timents of Mr. Van Buren in relation to the odi- bill

. Men, who had all their lives been the unous policy of protection.

deviating advocates of protection, found such In July, 1827, there was a tariff meeting held insuperable objections to the bill as to constrain in. Albany, at which he was present, and from them to vote against it. The elections are at his speech on that occasion, we subjoin a few hand, and a torrent of crimination and recrimiextracts, which will be sufficient to show to the nation upon the subject is deluging the State. people of the south and west how he will give Those who opposed are accused of voting his casting vote, should he ever be placed in a against the farmers' bill, and of deserting their situation to decide on the question vitally affect- prnciples, &c. Whilst, on the other hand, the ing their interests.

subject is closely looked into, the amount of caHe commences by artfully displaying the dif- pital invested in this business in Kentucky, and ficulties he encountered in endeavoring to sa of the fine wool raised ascertained, and the pretisfy himself of the propriety of his participa- sent; and, probably, the future advantages of ting in the proceedings of the meeting; and of their own State contrasted with those of New ter a short exordium, in which he gives a some-England, the bill of the last session is called the what lame excuse for his absence from his seat speculators' bill; and they undertake to show, when the vote was taken to lay the tariff' bill of that the object of the bill was to pamper the the previous session on the table, enters at once already-overgrown wealth of the eastern manuinto his subject; and in a speech extended to se- facturer, by heaping taxes chiefly upon the ven columns of a large newspaper, advocates poorer classes, who wear the coarser woollens. the ultra protective system throughout. He Although they all agrec as to the principle, said:

they differ as to the best means of supporting “Every American, whether his domicil was it, and these, being embittered by personal and in the east or the west, in the north or the political contentions, are becoming every day south, wished them (i. e. domestic manufac- more inveterate." tures) success. They were closely connected “The superior advantages of New York for with the welfare and prosperity of the country, the pursuits of commerce are felt by all, and rendering labor productive, creating and diffus- all point to her as the great commercial empoing wealth, affording honest, if not lucrative em- rium of the Union. She is rapidly engrossing ployment, raising up within ourselves the means the commerce of the nation, and her advanceof independence, and opening home markets ment is without a parallel in the world. He for the production of our agriculture. As such said the time had been when there was unforthey had been tegarded and steadily encourag- tunately a sort of rivalry between the city and ed by the State and the nation almost since the county, which begat jealousies injurious to foundation of the government."

both; but he thanked God that those narrow “* in regard to it (the question of protection) feelings had given place to others of a better there is, in this Sute, with the exception of the and higher character. Every citizen of the portion of the inhabitants of our chief city, and State, wherever situated, felt proud, and justly others of more limited extent, no diversity of too, of the pre-eminence of that great city, in opinion. The policy of extending a fair and every thing which serves to promote the welrrasonable protection to the domestic industry fare of the State, and to increase its fame. But of the country, throughı legislative enactments, why did he speak of the city of New York, its ise and has for many years been, the established commercial advantages and consequent benesentiment of the State. Upon that subject the fits alone. Not only were her advantrges regentleinen who had preceded him, had, he said, flected back upon the State, but innumerable inade very sensible, and, for the most part, judi- other places possessed theirs also, and proscious remarks; but here, at least, they related pered under their benign influence. He aske;'

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nays 23.

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the yeas.

nays 26.


It was determined in the affirmative; yeas Adjustment of the Tariff.—The Albany Argus 24, nays 22.

prates upon the subject of adjusting the tariff, Mr. Van Buren voting with the yeas. and denounces those who are opposed to Mr.

On the question to agree to the ninth amend. McLane's project, as wanting in patriotism.ment in the following words:

The time has gone by when the people of any “Section 2, line 51, at the end thereof insert, section will permit Mr. McLane, or any one .and on woollen blankets after the thirtieth day else, to think for them on this subject. The of June, eighteen hundred and twenty-nine, advocates of free trade believe that the tariff forty per centum ad valorem.'

acts as an oppressive tax upon their industry; The Senate being equally divided; yeas 23, that it is unconstitutional; and that it is their du

ty to insist on its repeal. More: they are resolvThe Vice President determined the questioned not to submit. in the negative; Mr. Van Buren voting with The Argus admits that the duties levied by

the tariff are a tax upon the industry of the On the question to agree to the tenth amend- country; and insists that Mr. McLane's bill ment in the following words:

should be approved and adopted, because it re« Section 2, line 51, at the end thereof insert, duces the taxes. On the other hand, the objecon clothing ready made, fifty per centum ad tion to it is, that it does not go far enough. If valorem.""

it should be adopted because it reduces the taxIt was determined in the affirmative; yeases, it is sufficient objection to it that it does not 25, nays 21.

reduce the taxes down to the revenue point. Mr. Van Buren voting with the yeas. We object to it because it proposes to levy and On motion by Mr. Chandler to amend the collect more taxes than are wanted for the use fifth section of the bill, by a gradual reduction of government. One would suppose that to of the duty on salt.

those who recommend the bill because it reIt was determined in the negative; yeas 19, duces the taxes, it should be a sufficient object

tion to show, that it'proposes to levy and collect On motion by Mr. Dickerson, further to ten millions beyond the wants of the goveramend the bill by inserting at the end of the ment. Yet, such being the fact, the Argus, 51st line of the second section, the following which recommends the bill upon the ground of words:

a reduction of the taxes, denounces as ultra, and “ And on woollen blankets, after the 30th charges political and corrupt motives to, those day of June, 1829, forty per centum ad valo- who insist that the bill does not go far enough

because it leaves a surplus revenue of ten milThe Senate being equally divided; yeas 23, lions.

The Argus concedes the ground of the arguThe Vice President determined the question ment, and yet denounces those who insist upon in the negative; Mr. Van Buren voting with carrying out its principles. If it is well to rethe yeas; and

peal four millions of taxes, surely it is better to On the question of ordering the bill to a third repeal fourteen millions; and if the Argus reading, it was decided in the affirmative; yeas claims credit for a bill which proposes to 26, nays 21.

repeal four millions, surely we should not be Mr. Van Buren voting with the yeas. condemned when we insist upon a repeal of

fourteen, especially when we show that the

Treasury does not require that any of these THE BANK

taxes shall be imposed. So much for the It will be seen that the House, yesterday, by charge of ultraism. a vote of 111 to 88 refused to lay on the table But it is easy to see that the Argus is appre the Senate's bill for rechartering the bank. We hensive of the effect which an adminission that do not consider this vote by any means as ex- the friends of Mr. Van Buren are willing to repressing the opinions of those who voted in the duce the duties on wool and salt, will have on negative to be in favor of the bill, as we know the political calculations of Mr. Van Buren that some of them are decidedly opposed to it, and his party. The people of New York are and will vote against its passage. Yet, our interested in keeping up the duties on wool and opinion inclines to the belief that the bill will upon salt, and therefore it is wrong to urge pass, and we have lost all hope that it will re- their reduction. ceive the President's veto, it case it does. If the Argus advocates their repeal, then will

Indeed, if it should by any management be Mr. Van Buren lose the votes of the people, rejected, the effect upon hím will be no less and the Argus and the Regency lose their po than if he had interposed his veto, and believ- litical ascendency. Or in other words, although ing that those who control his opinions, will not the Argus is in favor of a repeal of a part of permit him to encounter the responsibility, it the taxes, it and the party cannot afford to advobecomes the duty of those who have it in their cate a repeal of the taxes upon wool or upon power to enforce amendments to disarm the in- salt, because it would be unpopular in New stitution of as many of its dangerous powers as York to do so! Or,to reduce the matter to plan possible. If we are to have the bank, let it be English, the people are required to pay ten improved as far as experience will enable Con- millions of useless taxes, that Martin Van Buren gress to improve it.

and the Argus may reap the " spoils" of victory.

Days 23.

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To this we can only say, that we cannot afford it, them by the member from that district. This i It will not be done. The system is broke, and was also seconded by other deeply interested Mr. Van Buren with it.

persons at Washington, who felt that their Extract of a letter to the editor, dated

fortunes were in a measure made if they could, “PENNSYLVANIA, June 7th, 1832.

by any means, get it brought into notice thro Dear Sir: Being in hut moderate circum- tiey accordingly trumped up a story of the

the agency of the General Government, and
stances, I had thought of discontinuing your pa- enormous quantity of public money that there
per, not being well able to afford it; but I have always was in the customhouse, and of the dan,
been so much gratified with your independent ger the inhabitants were in of being robined
political course, that I enclose you a $5 bill for and murdered by pirates if protection was not
another year. You will therefore please to ac- granted them, and such an inducement for
knowledge the receipt thereof. You have no those gentlemen to pay them a visit. With this
idea of the change that has taken place among and other tales equally plausible, as to the v.a.
the original Jackson men in this county, since lue and fertility of the island, its commercial
the shameful outrages committed at Washing-imporiance, &c., they succeeded in getting
ton, and the nomination of Van Buren by the from Congress a donation, for you can call fit
Baltimore Convention. If we only had some nothing else, to "dig ditches and otherwise
good old-fashioned Jeffersonian democrat to ral- improve the island,'

every' foot of which is
ly on for President, we would show the Van
Burenites how they would come out.

private property. I suppose every farmer will

Go on, wok of Congress, if he has not it himself, the aud spare them not. We want correct informa- means of improving his farm for the future! and" tion of the conduct of our public men; and the the President was prevailed upon to order a people will correct the evil.”

company of troops there to assist, I suppose, in Extract of a letter to a member of Congress, money. It is true that some few years ago there

cultivating the farm, and expend a litde more

was, for a few weeks, at Key Wes', about fifty
“BURKE Co. N. 'C. June 3d, 1832.
My Dear Sir: The centre regiment of mili- ihousand dollars perhapa that accrued from the

sale of some valuable foreign vessels and car
tia were reviewed in this place yesterday. We
had received the account of the Baltimore no-l there never has been, at any one time,

goes, and it is equally true that, s nce that time,
inination on Friday evening. It produced con.
siderable excitement, particularly the manner

even the tenth part of what would induce any
in which the votes of North Carolina were cast.

one to risk the penalty of the laws in attempt A meeting was called at the court house, and ing to take it; nor is there a syllable of truth

in resolutions unanimously adopted, disapproving

the report that was circulated at the time of
the nomination at Baltimore; a resolution to se above mentioned. Those who, in reality, had

any altempt upon the large sum of money
lect a delegate to the convention which is to
meet in Raleigh on the 18th of June; and reso ed so completely that nothing but an expose

a design upon the public money, have succeed.
lutions expressive of their unbounded contin of tlieir measures will open the eyes of the pub.
dence in the ability, integrity, and patriotism of
Philip P. Barbour, and their determination to

lic, they have, so far, so comple:ely blnded.

!n a military point of view it has been pra-
procure his nomination at the proposed conven-
tion in Raleigh, and to run him as Vice Presi- nounced, by competent judges, to be utterly
dent on the Jackson ticket. I do not believe useless, as there is not a point that can be for-
Van Buren would have got five votes in the re-

tified in such a manner as either to protect it-
giinent. Col. C. J. Chişolm was appointed a

self or any thing that might be in the harbor. delegate to the convention. A committee was

Should a war break out, the only possible way

it seems appointed to draft instructions for the delegates

to me to give protection to Vessels
conformable to the spirit of the resolutions there, must be by means of steam and floating
adopted, and report to an adjourned meeting to batteries of other kinds. At present, instead
take place on Tuesday next.'

of the enormous expense that the country will
be put to, (for the appropriation of $15,000 first

given scarcely made a commencement,) inqui-

ry was properly made as lo what money iras
been actually expended, including of cour:e cost

of transporting materials, pay of warkiven, and
GEN, GREEN--Sir: Circumstances having on other expenses, it will be found perhaps four
bliged me to visit and remain a few dayo on the times the first amount will barely complete the
Island of Key West, I found, much to my sur- soldiers? quarters alone. Indeed it was public-
prise, on my arrival, that, within the last two ly mentioned that now a commencement was
years it had been made a military post of. For made, it was no matter what the expense was,
what military purposés it is used for, would it must be completed. I should suppose that
puzzle perhaps the most consummate General arrangement with the Naval Department
of any age to tell.

might be easily made, for (ccasionally one of I understood that the troops had been order the many cruisers in the gulpa migltt drop in ed there. upon the request of the common if it were only for a few.liours, and ther, with council of the Territory, and that the request the assistance of the revenue cutters, might was made upon the representations made to keep in safely, the immense revenue of the

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port. Congress had better know the true tion and corruption, and teach a domineering state of affairs e'er any more money be squan-iew that they must not commit all sorts of abom. dered away on a place the public can never fnations in the good name of democracy, and expect a return of any kind.

then liope to hide themselves from public scorn Yours,

X. by sheltering their guilty heads beneath her

wings. Extract of a letter to the Editor from a gentle Rely upon it, Sir; that if the people are com. man in New Hampshire.

pelled to denounce the Senate for having reIn New England, as in other parts of the jected a part of the President's bad nominations, Union, there are many men, who, in the hour of or clue denounce the President for appointing trial, when Gen. Jackson needed friends, stood to responsible offices, miserable men who had forth in his defence and manfully breasted the been rejected by the Senate for cause, nearly torrent of abuse which was poured upon them unanimously, the Senate will have nothing to on his account; but who now are asking them. fear; the President, much. The establishments selves whether, as consistent politicians, or as for ibe manufacture of public indignation 'to honest men, they can advance another step in orders are now out of employment, and the in. bis support. They have almost concluded that dependent, thinking portion of the community,

" It is worse to bear the ills they feel, begin to stir; and wo to dishonesty and political

Than fly to those they know not of." hypocrisy, when once the great body of the It would have been pleasing to them had the people are themselves again. President, months ago, freed bimself from that Judging from the tone of the New England " malign influence," whicn has already well press, you might suppose Mr. Calhoun bas but nigh made, shipwreck of his once powerful tew if my friends in the northern States; but personal popularity The President, unfortu- I assure you such is not the case; for there are tunately for himself and the country, has turned a many here who still hope to have an opportu. deaf ear to the warning voices of his best friends, nity to show their aitaclinent to a man, who, in and listened with confidence to the opinions of the dark hours of the late war, discharged all those who love and obey him, not for his good his duty to his country, while another, now of deeds, but for the loaves and fishes with which some notoriety, was prowling about New York, he feeds them. Instead of perinitting its friends liligently luboring to defeat the election of that to judge it by its measures, the administration President, whose adminis:ration felt sensibly sets in judgment upon those who brought it the support afforded it by Mr. Calhoun. Should into power, and condemns, and then denoun a ticket be submitted to the people, reading ces, through the mighty GLOBE, every man who thus—Jonn C.Calhoun President, and Philip P. will not bow submissively at the feet of power, Barbour Vice President; such an one would and admit that “the king can do no wrong." find friends even in New England; and friends, Honorable and highminded Senators are abused to), Wite as numerous as General Jackson or and vilified forth faithful discharge of their duty, Mr. Clay's friends would like- to see. At all while acting under the solemnities of their oaths events, Mr. Barbour's friends shoukl urge his of office; and this, too, by the very creatures who election as Vice President, for I doubt not but were brought into power by the influence of he will, if a candidate, receive more votes than those Senators, and are now basking in the sun. Str. Van Buren will; for a union has already taken shine of Executive partiality and extravagance. place between the anti-masons and the friends Sir, have the best days of the republic pussed, of Clay in New York, which will place the vote or are they yet to come? For surely, these can. of that Slate beyond the control of Mr. Van not be they, when statesmen like Calhoun, Buren, leaving him Maine, New Hampshire, Tazewell, Poindexter, Hayne, Tyler, Miller, Tennessee, and Georgia, with their forty-three Moore, Bibb, McDuffie, Root, Pitcher, Suther electoral voles, as all he can call his own; and land, Coulter, Wickliffe, Daniel, John S. even one of these extremely doubtful. Barbour, and their associa'es in Congress, As the President has undertaken to make and besides whom a host of worthies through Mr. Van Buren his first mate, and soon his suc. the nation, who have done their country some cessor, why should the friends of Mr. Calhoun serv ce in other days, are denounced as traitors hesitate any longer about bringing him into the to their principles and friends; and denounced, field? too, by the acknowledged organ of the chiel And as for you, Sir, I have only to say— magistrate himself. It is the noon of Americam

** Be just and rear not: glory, when the principles of Old Virginia Letall the ends thou' aii'et at, be thy country's and thy must give room for the uncer'ain, unknown Then i thou fallóst, thoul't fall a blessed martyr" political doctrives of New York, and a Barbour - And, c.concerned, may view the falling whole, give place 103 Van Buren? It does seem to me, And still maintain tic purpose of your soul." Sir, iliat there is yet a redeeming spirit in the and; that the time bras pot fully come wlien a

THE MAILS. few office holders at. Washington can compel Will some one of the kindest of the “rascalthe people 10 put up or put down whomsoeverly postmasters" between this and Washington, they may order to be exalted or abas: d; but it bave the goodness to search among his sly cordoes seein to me, that the time has come when sers, and if poss ble extricate sundry stray cothe honest part of the community should rise pies of the Washington Telegrapli, addressed in their strengil and stay the hand of proscrip- to this office? "Has Ms. Barry's decree against

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