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ay think proper to apply the proceeds no part of the public land, hind a popuktion,

ale of the public lands give the smallest in 1820, of 8,372,707, and, in 1830, of 10,477,I to the idea that the purchase of them 895, presenting an average increase of only 25 mount to the payment of a tax. The per cent. The thirteen States, whose increase, ment may employ those proceeds as a according to the table, was below 33 per cent, its ordinary revenue, or it may apply contained, in 1820, a population of 5,939.759,

any other manner, consistent with the and, in 1830, of 6,966, 600, exhibiting anavetion, which it deems proper. Revenue rage increase of only sesenteen per cent. The xation are not always relative terms, increase of the sevent new States upon a capital may be revenue without taxation. There which, at the commencement of the term, was

taxation without revenue. There may 1,207,165, has been greater than that of the rces of established revenue which not on- thirteen, whose capital then was 5,939,759. Tu not imply, but which supersede, taxation, three of the eleven Stries (Tennessee, Geor: consideration paid for land to a private gia, and Maine) whose population exceeded dual to he decmed a tas, because that in the average increase of 83 per cent, there sal may happen to use it as a part of his were public lands belonging to those Stutest c?

and in the fourth, (New York,) the excess is Is the reduction of the price of the public probably attributable to the rapid growth of necessary to accelerate the settlementand the city of New York, to waste lands in the lation of the States within which they are western part of that state, and to the great de ed? Those States are Ohic, Indiana, mi- velopment of its vast resources by means of Missouri

, Alabama, Mississippi, anel Louis- extensive internal improvements. If their growth has been unreasonably

These authentic views of the progress of poand tardy, we may conclude that some pulation in the seven new States, demonstrate impulse, such as that under consideration, that it is most rapid and gratifying that it neers ded. Prior to the treaty of Greenville, ided in 1795, there were but few settle fion in the price of the public lands; and that

no such additional stimulus as a further reduce within the limits of the present state of

Principally since that period, that is by preserving and persevering in the establisha term of about forty years that State, hand when those States, now respectable, mas

ed system for selling them, the day is near at 2 wilderness, the haunt of savages and beconte great and powerful members of tie beasts, has risen into a powerful common

confederacy. containing, at this time, a population of fion of souls, and holding the third or fowth among the largest States in the Union. large bodies of lands in their respective turib

the gtcater part of that term, the mini-ries, being owned by the General Government price of the public lands was two dollars are exempt from taxation to meet the ordings cre; and of the large quantity with which expenses of the State Governments, and pithe tulement of that state commenced, there loetl charges; that this exemption continues for remains to be sold 5,586,834 acres.

five years after the sile of any particular trail e aggregate population of the United and that land, being the principal source of the

exclusive of the Territories, increased revenue of those States, an undue share of the the year 1820 to 1830, from 9,579,873 to burthen of sustaining the expenses of the State

6,697. The rate of the increase, during Governments falls upon the resident populubion chiole term of ten years, including a frac- To all these complaints, it may be answered may be stated at thirty-three per cent. that, by voluntary compacts between the nex principle of population is presumed to states respectively, and the General Gordes tuli scope generally in all parts of the ment, five per cent of the nett proceeds of States

. Any State, therefore, which the sales of the public lauds, included wita exceeded or fallen short of that rate, may their Linits, are appropriated for internal in frly ads med to have gained or lost, by emi-provements, learling to or within those Stats on, nearly to the extent of the excess or de that a section of land in each township, or use

cy, Fron a table accompanying this report, thirty-sixthi part of the whole of the public la Led B.) the Senate will see presented va-embraced within their respective borulares interesting views of the progress of popu- bias been reserved for purposes of educate 1 in the several States . In that table, it will and that thie policy

of the General Goversial pen, that each of eleven States exceeded, has been uniformly marked by great liberale nch of thirteen fell short of an increasest towarris the new States, in making various seal eruge rate of thirty-three per cent. The some very extensive grants of the public las est increase, during the term, was in the for locul purposes. But, in accordance will of Illinois, where it was one hundred and the same spirit of liberality, the comment -five per cent, or at the rate of 181 per would recommend an appropriation to each a

per annum; and the least was in Dela- the seven States referred to, of a further sem where it was less than six per cent. The ten per cent. on the nett proceeds of the sales a

States embracing the public lands had all that part of the public land which lies within it, lation, in 1820, of 1,207, 165, and, in 1830, for objects of internal improvement in their res 1,802, exhibiting an average increase di pective limits. The tendency of such an ap

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