« ForrigeFortsett »
tive department of the government in yielding is declared that no purchase, grant, or lease, or its assent to this new change, the parties other conveyance of lands, or of any title or thought proper to declare that " the said lease claim thereto, from any Indian, or nation, or shall remain," except so much of it as stipula- tribe of Indians, within the bounds of the Unie ted for the payment, by Wm. B. Lewis, of 750|ted States, shall be of any validity in law or e. bushels of salt per annum, as rent, and to pro- quity, unless the same be made by treaty or. vide for the payment of four bushels of salt an- convention, entered into pursuant to the con. nually to the Indians, in consideration of the ori- stitution. And it shall be a misdemeanor in any ginal lease and of this new contract. A renting person not employed under the authority of the and the payment of some rent in salt for the use United States, to negotiate such treaty or conof the nation, was deemed necessary to consti- vention, directly or indirectly to treat with any tute a valid contract with these Indians for this such Indian nation or tribe of Indians, for the reservation.
title or purchase of any lands by them held or Thus it is that the commiatee respond to so claimed: punishable by a fine not exceeding much of the resolution as seeks to know whe- $1000, and imprisonment not exceeding twelve ther any change has been made, or attempted months. to be made, in the lease aforesaid (viz. of 1818) It was possibly the provisions of this law that inconsistent with the conditions and objects of induced the persons interested in this reserva. the reservation? The committee are of opinion tion, when desirous of obtaining a new contract, that a change was macle, or attempted to be certainly a very important change of an old one made, in the lease of 1818; in this, that a mo. with the Indians, to seek the interposition and neyed consideration in gross was substituted in sanction of the commissioners, who made the lieu of an annual rent in salt. They cannot re- treaty of 1830. This sanction of the commis. gard the stipulation to pay four bushels of salt sioners, "employed under the authority of the annually to the Indians, in the last contract, as United States," cannot give effect to this cona compliance with the provisions and conditions tract or convention. of the treaty of 1818, and the stipulations of the The commissioners, by the term of their com4th article. They do not consider the last con. mission, were authorized to purchase, not to tract a leasing of the premises, by the trustees, sell Indian lands, or permit Indians to sell to a for the objects and purposes designed by the citizen; most certainly they were not authorizreservation, to wit, for the manufacture of salt; ed, nor could they be authorized by the Exe. and, therefore, are of opinion that the same, in cutive to sell, or permit the Indians to sell, the the language of the resolution, is “inconsistent lands of the United States to a citizen. with the conditions and objects of the reserva. This transaction is justified by one of the partion.”
ties concerned, and the only one that has favor. The only remaining branch of this inquiry is, ed the committee with any answer or explana-, to state the opinion of the committee " to whal tion, viz. Mr. Currin, upon the ground, 1st. 'effect said change was made." This part of " That it was no new contract; it was merely a the subject involves an inquiry into the power a change of consideration.” 2d. “ The whole and authority of the commissioners who negoti- matter was explained and interpreted fully to ated the treaty of the 31st of September, 1830, the Indians, and they were asked whether they and who gave their assent to this new contract were fully satisfied with it : they answered that and new arrangement in the solemn form of a they were.” The Indians have no right to be treaty stipulation.
dissatisfied with this second contract; for, if the "Under the view presented of this subject in views of the committee are correct upon the the fure part of this report, it will be seen that question of forfeiture, the Indians had no intethe committee are of opinion, for the reason rest in this reservation at the date of the last stated, that this reservation of four miles square contract; they getting two thousand dollars for had reverted to the United States, and to all the lease of a tract of land, for 199 years, to intents and purposes become public domain, which they had no right. No injury was done, divested of all Indian title or claim whatever. or attempted to be done, the Indians in this
Messrs. Coffee and Ealon were commissioned transaction: it is the injury done, or attempted to treat with the Chickasaw Indians for a cession to be done, the United States, by treating this of their lands to the United States, with the in- reservation as I:dian land, and giving the sanctent that they should emigrate west of the Mis. tion of a treaty to a transfer of it to an individu sissippi river. This commission did not author. al, without consideration paid, or agreed to be ize them to sanction a sale of the land of the In- pard the United States, of which this House has dians to an individual citizen, much less to per complained, and to investigate the facts attend. mitthe Indians, under pretence of title, to trans. ing ihe transaction, was the object of referring fer and sell, in fee, or for 199 years, the land of the inquiry to the Committee on Public Lands. the United States to which the Indian title had Because the Indians were satisfied with the become extinct, and to affix the official sanction transaction, it by no means follows that the of a treaty stipulation to the same.
Congress of the United States should be saris. It is but fair to presume, that, in this instance, fied, or should approve the conduct of the the commissioners acted under a mistaken view commissioners in thus giving their sanction to a of their powers and of the facts.
transaction without the pale of their awhority, By the act of Congress, approved March 30, and against the constitution, policy, and laws * 1802, Laws United States, 4th vol., p. 436, it of the United States. The committee, however,
do not agree with Mr. Currin in the opinion,
TO THE EDITOR OF THE TIMES. that this was no new contract with the Indians.
SIR,—The treatment of the cholera, which A contract to pay 750 bushels of salt annually, has been so strikingly succesful in Coldbathfor 199 years, as the rent for four miles square field Prisan, having already attracted consider. of valuable land, is very different from a con- able public attention, I hasten to request of tract to pay two thousand dollars in money, in you to give the requsite publicity, through gross, for the same land, for 199 years.
your widely circulated journal, to a remedy as If it should be urged bere, as it has else, simple as scientific. where, that this second contract was designed Ii is needless to enter upon the theory of and intended to indemnify Messrs. Lewis and this practice, which, on sound data, has been Currin for the expenses they incurred in digging sugested by Dr. Stevens, but suffice it to say, for salt water, (and that, from the recital in the that experience has assured me of its efficaey last contract, that they had expended $3000, and value. After premising that upwards of would seem to be one of the leading induce one hundred cases more or less malignant, ments to the contract,) the inquiry necessarily have occurred, within the loss only of seven, arises, what claim in law, justice, or equity, had (the first four prior to the adoption of the Messrs. Lewis and Carrin against the chicka- treatment,) I shall at once describe it. saw Indians for indemnity for expenditures in The usual care must be taken to promote experimenting for salt water? Such was not the warmth by friction, hot dry flannels, hot water nature of the contract between William B. bottles to the feet, and mustard poultices to Lewis
, in 1818, and the Indians. If he did not the chest and other parts of the body affected obtain salt water, and make salt, he was not by cramp, but the main reliance is upon the bound to pay the rent, nor were the Indians following powder, to be administred every bound to repay his losses sustained in his efforts bour in half a tumbler of cold water, namely to perfect this contract.
carbonet of soda half a dram; common salts 20 But if it could be made appear, that upon any grains; oxymuriate of potash 7 grains. How. principle, the Indians were bound to make good ever irritable the stomach may be, the common Mr. Lewis's losses, it will hardly be contended Seidlitz powder, or effervescent soda draught, that his indemnity should come out of the pub. will, in most cases, quiet it; but, when it will lic domain in the shape of a treaty contract, and retain nothing in quantity, a tea-spoonful of that indemnity no way proportioned, to the the carbonate of soda should be dissolved in loss.
half a tumbler of water, and given in such In any point of view in which this transaction quantities as the patient can retain, from can be contemplated or placed, it is, in the o.
tea-spoonful and upwards, untill the stomach pinion of the committee, impossible to maintain is sufficiently settled to receive the powder. In its legality.
case of the cholera, however, the most unceas. The resolution under which they have been ing watchfulness and attention to the patients authorized to investigate the facts, and report are required. The success of this treatment
, thereon, does not, in its terms, call upon the which in many instances was perfectly supo Committee to indicate to the House what course prising, induces me to hope that it may be es. is fit and proper to be pursued: that is a right tensively adopted; and, I am sure, you will which the House has retained to itself. They, confer great benefit on the community at large however, under their general powers as a com- by its publication..--I have the honour to be mittee, charged by the rules of this House to sir, your obedient servant
, HENRY WAKE. guard and protect the interest of the United FIELD, 1 Lansdown Place, Brunswick Square, States in the public domain, and inasmuch as
May 2d, the treaty of the 31st August, 1830, has not yet
P.S.-We have, happily, no urgent cases received the final sanction of the Executive de remaining. The extreme täirst of the patients, partment, submt to the House, for its adoption, whilst suffering under the malignant form of the following resolution : Resolved, That a copy of this report, and the perienced, by soda water and seltzer water as
the disease, was relieved, and great benifit es. evidence taken, be transmitted to the Presi- common drink, in quantiites not exceeding dent of the United States, and he is hereby a wineglass full at a time requested to lay the same befure the Senate of the United States, wlacnever he shall submit
INDIAN REMEDY FOR CHOLERA. the treaty entered into on the 31st August,
The Bengal Hur karu, of the 10th of No. 1830, between the United States and the Chick.vember, gives the following recipe for Asiatic asaw Indians, to that body, for their ratification Cholera: and consent.
Nusseerabad, Oct. 29.-The Cholera bas
been prevalent at Ajmeer for some weeks past THE OBOLERA MORBUS. and of 233 persons affected, 174 took the me.
dicine; and of this number, 165 recovered; 62 CUBE OF CHOLERA.—The London Times who did not take the medicine died, besides 6 of May 4th contains a letter, of which the fol- who did, making a total of 68 deaths. The lowing is a copy, recommending a mode of mixture is as follows: treatment, which the writer states to have been 8 ounces Sal Ammonia (Nousadur;) bitherto almost unfailing in the cure of chol. 8 ditto unslacked Lime;
1 quart boiling water.
The two first articles to be finely powdered medicines and heating apparatus may be pro and put into a large bottle, (to allow of efter- cured at all hours of the day and night; and vesence,) and the water added as hot as can be likewise that, if necessary, all night-watchmen given with safety to the bottle. The mixture to shall be supplied with medicines for the immebe frequently shaken, and in the course of three diate use of any who need them. By these days, or sooner, it will be fit for use. The means it will be in the power of every one to liquid to be decanted from the sediment, and procure instant aid. well secured from external air.
Notice of the situation of hospitals and sta. Manner of using it.—Three drachms weight tions for medicines will be given the instant the (or measure) diluted with three times the quan- disease may appear. tity of water, is a dose for a grown up person; IV. But to prevent the possibility of delay, a few drops of essence of peppermint makes it especially in the dead of night, when the disa more palateable. When the first dose is eject- ease is very apt to begin, the Board recommend ed, a second has stopped the disease. To allay families to provide the following articles: the thirst which succeeds on the stoppage of 1. Mixture-Take sulphuric ether and aro. the vomiting, water in which mint has been matic spirit of hartshorn, of each half an ounce, steeped, is the most effectual and pleasant. To compound tincture of cinnamon, one ounce; children of four and five years of age, one half mix and cork up carefully. to two drachms, with nine of water.
2. Laudanum-An ounce to be kept in reaThe civil assistant surgeon Mootley, at Aj- diness. meer, deserves, I believe, the wbule credit of 3. Pills Take of opium twenty-four grains; the above discovery.
camphor one drachm; spirit of wine and con
serve of roses enough to make a mass of proper REPORT
consistence. Divide into twenty-four pills. Of Edinburgh Board of Health on the mode of 4. Clysters-Take of laudanum an ounce,
preventing and treating the Cholera. Nov. 18, tincture of assafatida two ounces. Mix for 1831.
keeping. Before using, mix three teaspoon• The Edinburgh Board of Health having ma-fulls with a wine glass full of thin starch, and turely considered what steps should be taken retain it, when injected, by pressure below for checking the Epidemic Cholera, if it should with a warm cloth as long as possible. appear in this city, are of opinion that the pro 5. Mustard Poultices-Have always at hand per time is now arrived for making public the four ounces of powdered mustard. A fourth of following directions for the guidance of the in- this, spread over porrige poultices, will be sufhabitants.
ficient for one patient. 1. The Board are satisfied that the disease 6. Hot Air Bath-the board have approved may arise spontaneously from hidden causes; of a hot air bath of a simple construction, which and that it may also become contagious in cir- may be seen at the blind asylum, and made by cumstances not yet ascertained. But they are any carpenter, price about ten shillings. Eve. fully warranted in declaring, that, when it does ry family who can afford it ought to have one. become contagious, the risk of its spreading in V. No time should be lost in sending for methat manner is very much diminished if due at. dical aid. But when the disease commences tention be paid to cleanliness and sobriety. And suddenly in a violent form, it is dangerous to they therefore intreat the inhabitants of Edin- lose even the time which must pass before such burgb, in the event of the disease appearing aid can be had. This form is at once known bere, not to be misled by exaggerated notions by sudden weakness, a contracted ghastly of its contagious nalure, ihe inevitable tenden.countenance, eness of the lips, and general cy of which would be to leave the sick help- coldness, accompanying or preceding vomitless, and without that attendance from friends sing, purging, and cramps. and others, which is more pressingly required In such cases, the friends will, without deiu this disease than in any other.
lay, give a table spoonful of the mixtures, No. II. Experience has shown, that the most es- 1, with sixty drops of laudanum, in half a wine sential precaution for escaping the disease is so. glass full of cold water. Follow this with a tabriety; that intoxication during the prevalence ble spoonful occasionally of warm spirits and of the epidemic is almost sure to be followed water, or strongly spiced wine. Repeat two by an attack; and that those addicted to drink spoonfuls of the mixture, with thirty drops of ing are the most subject to take cholera, and laudanum, every half hour if the first dose fail the most likely to sink under it. In like man- to relieve. If the mixture be vomited; then ner strict attention to personal cleanliness, to give two pills, No. 2, and repeat one every cleanliness and ventilation of dwelling houses, half hour if the first two fail to relieve or be vóto warm clothing, to regularity of hours for mited. But after the vomiting and cramps sleep, to keeping as much as possible within cease, the mixture or pills must not be repeat. doors at night, and to taking food before going ed without medical advice. The Clyster, No. out in the morning, may be relied on as im. 4, should be resorted to also from the first, and portant means of security.
repeated once if not retained. III. The Board are providing that, should N.B. The doses of the mixture, Laudanum, the disease appear, several hospitals shall be Pills, and clyster, must not be exceeded. For opened over the city; also, that stations shall children of fourteen, half the doses mentioned, be established where, as well as at the hospitals, and for children of seven one fourth is sufficient.
The hot air bath, or, if it is not at hand, dry Do not exceed the doses prescribed; and heat over the whole body in any shape, such as stop when the vomiting and cramps cease,, unby hot blankets and hot bricks, sand, salt, or less you have medical advice. bottles of hot water, together with constant No. 3.-CHOLERA PILLS. rubbing of the whole hody, should likewise be
To be used if the mixtures No. 1 be vomit. resorted to from the first. The mustard poul- ed. Two pills at first, and then one every half tices should, as soon as possible, be applied hour, if the first fail to relieve. Half these over the belly and on the soles and calves, and doses for children of 14; one-fourth for children kept on till the patient complains of the smart- of 7. Do not exceed the doses prescribeds ing. By the time these measures have been put in unless you have medical advice.
and stop when the vomiting and cramps cease, force, opportunity will have been given for procuring medical advice; which is indispensable
No. 4.-CHOLERA CLYSTERS, for the treatment afterwards. The board think
Inject three tea-spoonfuls in a wine-glassful, it necessary to apprize the public that, where of thin warm gruel; and retain as long as poses this disease has prevailed, blood-letting, when sible by pressure below with a warm cloth. if resorted to within the first, second, or third not retained, repeat immediately, but other.
wise not. hour, from the commencement of the attack, has been very generally found useful along with
Half the dose for children of 14; one fourthi the other remedies, notwithstanding the appea
for children of seven, rance' of sudden weakness and excessive sink. No. 5.-MUSTARD FOR POULTICES. ing already mentioned.
A fourth part is enough for one person. VI. By following these rules, and taking Dust it thickly over porridge poultices, of prompt advantage of the provision made at the which apply a large one on the belly, and othStationpoints, the board are convinced that in ers on the soles and calves. Remove when the many cases it will be checked at the outset. patient complains much of the smarting. But, at the same time, they strongly exhort the laboring classes to convey the sick friends with Extract from the popular instructions as to the all speed to the hospitals, rather than try to
cholera morbus. cure them at home, where they can seldom Observe the strictest cleanliness both in per. have the proper means at command.
The son and dwellings. hospitals will, it is hoped, be so rumerous, that Avoid all chances of being chilled, and keep one shall be near every man's habitation; and the body warm, particularly the stomach, bow. carriages, to serve at the same time as dry-heat els, and feet. baths, may be found always ready at the hos
Avoid placing the feet upon the cold foor. * pitals and stations, for the instant removal of
Workmen, obliged 10 work in cold or damp patients at all hours of the day and night. The places would do well to wear wwooden shoes board feel assured, that by quickly availing or clogs. themselves of these provisions, working people Abstain from sleeping with the windows will get their sick friends brought sooner and open. far more effectually under treatment than in
Return home at an early hour, in order to any other way; that they must not forget, that avoid the cold and damp of the night air. every minute's delay is highly dangerous. Avoid as much as possible excessive fatigue,
vil. The moment the disease is suspected to Whatever may be the weather or the season, have appeared, information must be given to do not go too lightly clad. William G. Cunningham, Esq. Clerk to the Sobriety cannot be too strongly recommendBoard, at the City Chambers. And should it ed; consequently avoid all excesses of eating establish itself in the town, medical men are and drinking, for it has been observed that expected to send to the same quarter, every drunkards and debauchees have been most exmorning before half past nine, a report of each posed to the attacks of the cholera. new case, death, or recovery, specifying the
Let your food be principally meat and meat name, residence, age, employment, date of soups; eat as little as possible of charcuterie and seizure, and date of the event. The board salt meats, and abstain entirely from heavy anxiously look for punctuality in this respect pastry. from every medical person.
Abstain from undressed food of every de. Specimens of the labels are here annexed, for scription. the information of medical persons and others All cold drinks, taken when a person is heatin the couutry who may be applied to for the ed, are at all times dangerous. The water articles recommended by the board.
used as a beverage ought to be clear. Filtered
water is better than any other. Instead of No. I. -CHOLERA MIXTURE.
drinking it pure, it would be better to mix it A table spoonful, with 60 drops of lauda- with two spoonfuls of brandy or absinthe to a num, in half a wine-glassful of cold water. If pint. Water lightly mixed with wine is equalthis fail to relieve, repeat two spoonfuls; with ly good. thirty drops of laudanum every half hour. The excessive use of strong liquors is very
Half these doses of mixture and laudanum, pernicious, and taking unmixed brandy wben for children of 14. One-fourth for children fasting is equally so. Persons who have con. of 7,
tracted the babit of doing so, should, at least,
first eat a piece of bread. The same objections fect to other causes, mysterious and unscrutaapply to drinking white wine fasting. ble. It appears, however, that this dangerous
All beer and cider of bad quality ought to constitution of the atmosphere, is not fully be avoided.
equal to an elaboration of the disease until the Every person who feels himself suddenly buman system has been prepared for the affected by dull pains in the limbs, heaviness or change, by the operation of various predisposgiddiness of the head, a feeling of oppression, ing causes. In this class must be l'anked what. uneasiness of the chest, heartburn, cholic, ever tends to depress the mind, enervate the should immediately apply to a physician, or the body, or impair the functions of its organs. next Bureau de Secours.
Such of these causes as are believed to have Persons thus affected should immediately go contributed to this predisposition on board the to bed, and take, quite hof, an infusion of pep- frigate Congress shall be here enumerated, viz. permint and flowers of the lime tree, and heat a dread of the disease, frequent necessary exbimself by every possible means.
posure at night, to a malignant atmosphere. Prepared chloric solutions being universally Sometimes sleeping thus exposed when thinly recommended as a useful precaution against or negligently clad, and after much exercise infection of any kind, it may be desirable to and fatigue during the day. It is of the ute give the following receipt for making them : most importance, under such circumstances,
Take one ouude of dry chlorate of lime, and that the body should be well protected by flanone quart of water ; pour a sufficient quantity nels, or other warm clothing. A loss of tone, on the powder to make it into paste, and then and an impaired state of the functions of the dilute it with the remainder, strain off the so- system generally, with a tendency to hepatic lution, and keep it in glass or earthen vessels derangement, and anorexial disease. well stopped ; a portion of this solution should This state of the system may have been pro. be poured into a shallow bowl, and placed in duced partly by the long continued influence every room in the house.
of a tropical climate, and partly by the effects The chlorate of soda is nearly as good, it is of a less generous diet than seems to have been to be used in the same manner, in the propor-requisite. Our ship's provisions, when we left tion of one ounce of chlorate to ten or twelves Manila, (owing, probably, to circumstances Ounces of water.
which could not have been foreseen,) were of
rather an inferior quality, and we bad previousCopy of Doctor Edwards' report on “ Cholera," ly met with difficulty in obtaining a sufficient
as it appeared in the United States' frigate supply of fresh food. Congress, in the Chinese seas, in 1820.
The superior quality of thc provisions with
wbich our ships are generally furnished, is un. U.S. Naval RENDEZVOUS,
doubtedly the very best prophelactic against New York, 13th June, 1832. scurvy and all low malignant fevers. Permit Six: In answer to the request with which I me also to remark, in this place, that the daily am honored, proposing certain inquiries re. allowance of ardent spirits, given as it generalspecting the disease called "Asiatic Cholera," ly is, at two draughts, and upon an empty which prevailed on board the United States' stomach, before meals, produces, for the mofrigate Congress, in the Chinese seas, in De- ment, bigh gastric excitement, which is necescember, 1820, I beg leave to submit the fol- sarily followed by correspondent debility. If lowing remarks, expressive of my views and those who are unwilling to relinquish their ra. opinions in regard to that disease, as it appear- tions of ardent spirits were permitted to drink ed under my observation.
it, not previous to, but during or immediately The first appearance of the Cholera on board after their meals, it would, no doubt, contri.' the Congress, was on the third day after we bute more to the purpose of an agreeable and bad anchored at Manilla. The disease there healthy stimulus, and the increased excitement, wore the form of the most deadly pestilence. instead of being transferred to the brain would The environs of the city were supposed to be expended in the process of digestion. have lost upwards of ten ihousand inhabitants, The unhealthy state of the atmosphere prein the space of two months. Few died within viously mentioned, I cannot believe will ever the walls of the city, where mostly resided the extend upon the ocean, where there is neither wealthier class of citizens.
unhealthy exudation nor dew, or any change The principal cause of this disease in the of temperature at night. I am induced also to Congress, was unquestionably attributable to believe, that the cholera appears commonly an intemperament or insalubrity of the atmos- within three or four days, very rarely after six phere ; a full explanation of which cannot be or eight days from the time of exposure to its given. Of some of its characteristics, I can atmosphere. We took no precaution to sepa. speak with confidence. The air about Manilla, rate the sick from the healthy, and we were was evidently much vitiated by noxious exha. aware of no circumstance, which could induce lations from ihe surface of the earth. It was a belief that the disease wis ever communicat. also affected by a very great and sudden reduced from one person to another, either on board tion of temperature at night, accompanied with the ship, or on shore at Manilla, where the poor thick heavy fogs, remarkable for their bumidi. and destitute were falling by thousands. ty. These perceptible changes of the atmos The attack of the cholera was seldom much phere, must have aided materially in giving ef-'preceded by premonitory symptoms. It was