« ForrigeFortsett »
FROM THE CHARLESTON COURIER.
To disinfect sewers, cess-pools, privies, propose to refer their mode of redress to the &c. Throw down a quantity of clean water, people of the State, called to deliberate in conand then a pail full of the liquid ; if not suffi- vention. What objection can those who procient, repeat after 10 or 15 minutes. In emp-pose to call a convention of the southern States, tying very foul sewers, each laborer should have have to a convention of their own State? Is it, a pail full beside him, and now and then mois- we again ask, ihe apprehension that they are ten a sponge with the liquid, and wash round in a minority at home? If so, that is at once the mouth and nostrils. ' Dilution : Halt pint an insuperable objection to their going into a chloride to one pail water.
convention of the States. We have copied To disinfect dead bodies for the use of jurors, their proceedings, because the time has arriv. coroners, and undertakers. Wash the corpse ed when it becomes the duty of every citizen occasionally with the liquid; wrap it in a sheet to inform bimself well, and of the press to note well wetted with the solution, and sprinkle a- all important proceedings, having a bearing round often. Dilution : 1 part chloride to 60 upon the great question of taxation. parts water.
To purify stables contaminated with infectious diseases. Wash the walls, racks, man
UNION MEETING. gers, &c. with the solution ; sprinkle the floor, and rinse, after the lapse of an hour with clean Agreeably to public notice, a very large numwater. Dilution : 1 part chloride to 60 parts ber of the UNION AND STATE RIGHTS water.
PARTY, assembled at Seyle's, on Tuesday To fumigate completely a building or spa. evening. The honorable Henry Middleton was cious apartment. Take 1 part chloride and 2 called to the chair; on assuming the office, Mr. parts water, and 1 parts ulphuric acid and 10 Middleton delivered the following address: parts water ; remove every living thing not to Gentlemen : The unexpectedness of the call be destroyed; close all apertures, and pour the which has procured for me the honor of presitwo mixtures together.
ding in so numerous and respectable a meeting of my fellow citizens as is here assembled, and
the circumstance that most of those who hear UNION MEETING.
me are familiar with the history of the causes We give in this day's paper the proceedings which have produced and kept np a degree of at a meeting held in Charleston, South Caroli- political excitement unexampled in our Staie, na, by the Union party" so called. There will prevent the possibility and the necessity of are some circumstances connected with this my entering into any details on the present ocmovement which are calculated tofinduce a be- casion. I shall therefore only ask your indul. lief that it is connected with the late movements gent attention for a few moments. in New York--that it receives its impulse After a successful progress of more than forty from this place, and is intended to counteract years under a system of laws where power is the effect which the adjournment of Congress, wisely distributed in due proportion between without a satisfactory adjustment of the tariff, our national and State authorities, we see in will necessarily produce on Virginia, and all the our State the elements of strife at length gaina southern states. We regret that at a moment the ing the ascendancy over those of order, and south should be united, when all agree that ac- about to destroy the equipoise hitherto mainquiescence is no longer a virtue, the minority tained, threatening to engulph alike, present in South Carolina should, by rallying all the good and future hopes, which rest mainly on force in opposition to the favorite measure of our balanced modes of government. the majority, encourage the hopes of their op The question whether any or what degree of pressors, by giving countenance to the belief protection against foreign competition ought to that a portion of lier population should be pre- be extended to the products of our soil and pared io take the side of the exercise of un- the fabrics of our industry, alike under the dicconstitutional power by the Federal Govern- tates of a wise policy, and in pursuance of the ment. In this view of ihe case, we cannot but provisions of our federative compact, appears for regret the temper of these proceedings. What some time past to have absorbed our whole at. do they propose by a convention called by the tention; and yet this question, in itself so simOnion party? Is it to be called in opposition to ple, and perhaps susceptible of an easy solution, the will of the majority? If not, the movement if submitied to the test of reason, has given should have been made in concert with the ma. rise to so many conflicting opinions, founded jority? Or is it supposed that the Union party, for the most part in prejudice and passion, that by going into a convention, can obtain the as- it requires more than mortal ken to say whether cendancy over the State rights party of South lit can be peaceably settled. Carolina, by creating a great southern party in A cloud of more than usual Jarkness lowers which their counsels are to predominate? over the political horizon; and unfortunately,
These are times when it becomes all who re. at this moment, when the storm impends, some fuse to pay tribute to unite ; and, it would of our pilots seemed disposed to cut the cables seem to us, that, instead of laboring to which moor our gallant ship in the haven of keep up odious
divisions, which are now the safety, willing to launch her into the trop led only hope of the advocates of a high tariff, they ocean, and to steer into an unknown port. should be evaded. The State kights party! The unhappy differences which now subsist
between our National and State Governments, changed when our politicians, instead of confin. neither of which is sovereign, being both co-ing their opposition to the tarift, began to atordinate branches of the same complex system; tack the constitution itself. When nullfication can only be brought to a termination by a re- was proposed by our State rulers, it was seen currence on all sides to the spirit of compro- that it could not be adopted without treating mise and concession in wbich our whole frame the constitution as a nullity. Those who had of government originated, and which alone can been bred up in a sincere attachment to the prolong its existence-when this is accomplish institutions of their country, could not be pered, then (and then only) shall we feel again as a suaded to sacrifice them so easily; and witbou united people.
paliating of excusing the errors of the General To give your utmost aid to so glorious a con. Government, they refused to concur in a measummation, I am assured, gentlemen, is the ob. sure that involved its destruction. But mode ject of your meeting this night. To the same rate councils find little favor with those who object I shall feel most happy to contribute my are bent on new opinions; and to infame bebest exertions.
yond all bounds the indignation as a people naI am now ready to perform the duties of the turally jealous of their rights, and cause them, chair.
in considering the end, to overlook all objection John Phillips, Esq. was appointed Secratary. to the character of the means employed, was
James L. Petigru, Esq. then rose, and after regarded by some as the best or only proof of reviewing, in an impassioned and lucid argu- a disinterested zeal for the public good. The ment, the political condition of the State, mov, lines of party were in this way drawn-theseed that a committee be nominated by the chair paration was inevitable--the difference admitto take into consideration the purposes of this ted of no compromise, and the champions of meeting, and to report thereon. The chair- nullification have arrayed one part of ihe State man selected the following gentlemen to con- against another, in a time of all others require stitute the committee.
ing the greatest unanimity among her citizens. J. L. PETIGRU, Chairman. The Union party have nothing to reproach Thomas Bennett,
Simon Magwood, themselves with; compelled as they have been Nicholas Harleston, B. F. Hunt,
to withstand the inroads of a licentious innova. Seaman Deas, * Nathan Hart,
tion, they have continued to maintain the prinDr. S. H. Dickson, M. King,
ciples of the constitution, without abating one John Robinson, Patrick Cantwell, jot of their hostility to the tariff
. James Adger, C. G. Memminger, The party whose distinctive character conWm. D. Pringle, Wm. Lance,
sists in their peculiar notions of the power of a Richard Fordham, Benj. F. Pepoon, State to nullify any law of Congress which that Dr. V. Le Seigneur,
Richard Yeadon, jr. State may think unconstitucional, have hitherto John Strohecker, Edward M'Crady, been unable or unwilling to reduce their theo. James Lamb,
Dr. J. E. Holbrook. ry to practice; but its real character can be ea. George W. Cross,
sily understood, without the assistance of a During the committee's absence, Richard practical illustration. To see that the theary Yeadon, jun. Esq., in a most appropriate, elo.is false, we have only to read the constitutivn; quent, and forcible speech, offered the follow. and to appreciate the value of that deceitful caing resolution, which was unanimously adopt- suistry which confounds the distinction between ed.
right and wrong, it is only necessary to read Resolved, that the Honorable John Forsyth, what has been written with most ability in its of Georgia, is entitled to the warmest thanks of favor. Indefensible as the argument is
, that the Union party of South Carolina, for his man- the constitution reserves to every State a right ly and generous defence in the Senate of the to reverse the acts of the General Government, United States, of their principles and motives, ibe supporters of this doctrine contend, that when gratuitously assailed and traduced, by a such a power is essential to the protection of Senator of their own State; in secret session of the liberties of the States. But it is not of such the Senate.
arms that the cause of liberty stands in need. The committee, on their return, presented If the Union be indeed a yoke too heavy to be through their chairmain, the following address borne, the principles of resistance is paramount and resolutions:
to all constitutions; but to that principle, when Fellow-Citizens: The present state of pub- a crisis justifying a resort to it shall arrive, an lic affairs demands your earnest attention. By an event which every good citizen and honest man ill julged and most unhappy course of legisla- must fervently deprecate
, all of us are willing tion, the General Government has imposed on to appeal, except perhaps the few who flatter a reluctant people burthens and restric-themselves that they have found out a political tions which have excited the keenest sense panacea--a scheme for resisting the law with of injustice. In their opposition to the out incurring its penalties; and setting at defi. protective system, the people of the southern ance the powers of co-ordinate sovereignties States diave been nearly unanimous, and as long without assuming an attitude of hostility. as resistance to that system was confined to
The peaceful nature of nullification is strenu. catstitutional means, no division of parties, in ously insisted on, and has been often com mend. relation to that subject
, could have existed in ed; but in fact it is peaceful only so far as it is South Carolina. But the case was altogether insidious. If it bring on no collision with the
General Government, it is efficient; if it do, the and blinded by pride of opinion, and the most question can only be decided by the sword. To devoted friend of the Union cannot object to that issue, we repeat it, no American, with the an appeal from the free trade and State rights' head or the heart of a man, can look, without association to the collective wisdom of the feelings of far more anxiety than those which south. The delegates would be elected by the spring from considerations of personal safety. people in their primary assemblies. To deny And in proportion to the immense magnitude of the right of the people to institute such electhe interests at stake, should be the delibera- tions would be to call in question their right to tion with which the resolve is made. But South assemble and take measures for the purposes of Carolina is not alone interested in the decision. counsel, deliberation, or discussion. The conThe peace, the future hopes of every southern vention would represent the people, but they State, are equally at stake; or it is evident that, would meet not to form treaties or alliances in case of a collision on the subject of the tariff between the States, but to consult and advise. between the State and the Union, our sister The result of their deliberations would be comStates must of necessity become parties; and municated to the people of the States, but it the nullifiers show plainly, by their conduct, would require the intervention of legislative that, as they expect this contest to decide once action to give to their resolutions the sanction of and for ever the rights of the States under this law. They could make no law, and they would federal compact; so, in the event of a conflict, violate none. They could form no treaty, and which, if they are in earnest, must be inevita- they would do no act beyond the freedom of ble, they confidently look to the co-operation speaking, writing, and publishing, which is of our southern brethren to sustain them. guaranteed to every citizen. It is not likely They rely on the jealousy of the States against indeed that any objection to the legality of such the increase of the federal power, by the hu- a meeting will be made by any but those, who, miliation of a member of the confederacy, to up- by the voluntary assumption of the name of hold and support them, whether right or wrong. nullifiers, have shown that the constitution can
The inevitable tendency of nullification to not be in worse keeping, than under their prodrive our sister States into such a dilemma, retection. veals the most odious feature in this scheme of But, if a southern convention is neither dan. political sophistry and imposture. By the use gerous nor illegal, the salutary effects that may of a cabalistic term, by the employment of words be confidently expected from it, are of the without any distinct meaning, the State is to be highest importance. It would not be too much engaged in a controversy involving the fate of to expect from such a collection of able men, our inestimable institutions, against the will not the best and wisest councils. They would only of all who oppose the measure, but of all have it in their power to reconcile the people who support it, believing it to be peaceful, and to reasonable terms, or to unite them firmly the people of the neighboring States are to be against offers of inadequate redress. They forced into a position, so far as they are con- would exhibit a full view of the dangers to cerned, confessedly revolutionary, without so which the Union is exposed, and by making much as being consulted. Not only as patriots, them apparent would, in all probability, prebut as henest men, we can agree to no under-vent them. No partisan feeling in favor of or hand measures that sap the foundations of our against any candidate for high office could find free and constitutional government, under co- place, much less predominate in the convenver of peaceful professions. In the separation tion; and the question of the tariff would be of the States, we foresee evils to which nothing effectually separated from the Presidential elecbut stern necessity could reconcile us-a neces. tion. The moral influence of the convention sity of which we can only be convinced by the could hardly be overrated, even in relation to the deliberate judgment and concurrence of our fel. manufacturing States; but in relation to the low citizens, who are united with us by common southern States, its operation would be such as sufferings and by common interests. to render their opposition to the protecting
We have waited for the extinguishment of system irresistible. But, if South Carolina, in the public debt, as the natural period of the stead of this open and generous policy, should existing tariff; we have seen, with satisfaction, insist on her peculiar course and incur the imthe indications of a spirit of moderation in the putation of risking the peace and salvation of tanks of the manufacturing interests; yet the the country, from a vain glorious and selfish apprehension that our hopes may be disappoint desire of gaining all the honor of an achieveed, leads us to the consideration of what mea- ment in which others are equally concerned, sures it will become us, as citizens of the south, the existing parties, instead of being reconcil and as friends of the Union, to adopt, if Con ed, will be more and more embittered and their gress should suffer the oceasion for adjusting violence extended beyond the State. Darkness the revenue on fair and equal terms to pass rests upon the future, and no one can foresee away. And what course so natural, so proper, whether nullification may end in the aggranand so just as to refer to a soutbern convention dizement or the destruction of the General the consideration of all that is due to southern Government. But in either event the friends interest. In such a convention the quesion of liberty may long deplore the error and as. will not be settled by a club, acting under the cribe the evils with which our future horizon is dictation of a few leaders; it will not be discus. blackened, to the fatal effects of ill-directed sed exclusively by men heated by controversy ambition.
19 PRINTED AT
Therefore Resolved, That delegates should be The following resolutions were also adopted: appointed by the Union party to meet delegates Resolved, That the proceedings of this meet. from the other election districts of the State of ing be published in the Union papers of the South Carolina, at Columbia, on the first Mon-city. day in September next, to take into considera Resolved, That the thanks of this meeting be tion the expediency of a southern convention, presented to the Chairman and Secretary, for and to concentrate the action of the party in the courteous and efficient manner in which relation thereto.
they have performed their respective duties. Resolved, 'Chat, in the opinion of this meel Resolved, that this meeting do now adjourn. ing, a southern convention should be called in
HENRY MIDDLETON, Chairman, the event of Congress adjourning without a sa JOHN PHILLIPS, Secretary. tisfactory adjustment of the tariff.
Resolved, That our fellow-citizens of the Uni A farmer in this town, last week saw in a on party throughout the State, be invited to field two large sized black snakes, one of which meet in their several districts, and take mea- he killed--the other made its escape. Having sures for procuring a full attendance at the heard that if the dead one is not removed, its meeting of delegates in Columbia.
companion will return and lie by the side of it, Resolved, That a Committee of be ap- he was induced to go to the spot the following pointed to select an orator, and make arrange-day, in order to satisfy himself of the fact. He ments for the suitable celebration of the com- actually found the living and dead snake togething anniversary of our national independence. er, and killed the one which had before escap
Resolved, That, having unabated confidence ed. We know not but that this trait in the in the integrity, and public virtue of Andrew character or habits of this species of snake may Jackson, and considering the signal ability be generally known, but to us it was something with which the relations of the country have new.--Catskill Recorder. been conducted under his administration, we will persevere in a steady and zealous support THE UNITED STATES' TELEGRAPH of his re-election as President of the United States.
Washington City, upon the following Terms The second resolution was opposed by Tho- Daily paper, per annum............ .$ 10 00 mas S. Grimke, Esq. in an able and eloquentar- Country paper, (three times a week durgument. His argument, however, was suc ing the session, and semi-weekly during essfully answered by Col. B. F. Hunt, in re the recess of Congress..
5 00 marks replete with love for republican institu- For six months,.......
300 tions, and a zealous devotion to southern rights. Weekly paper,..
2 50 The address and resolutions were then adopted.
Payable in advance. It was resolved that the chairman should ap A failure to notify the Editor of an intention point the delegates at his leisure.
o discontinue, will be considered as a renewal It was then resolved that a committee be of the subscription, which will not be discon. appointed by the chairman of this meeting, to tinued, except at the option of the Editor, until select an orator and make arrangements for the all arrearages are paid. suitable celebration of the coming anniversary Where five or more subscribers, at one post of our national independence. The following office, unite and remit, at the same time, tw) gentlemen were chosen :
dollars dach, that sum will entitle each to re. Dr. Jacob De La Motta, Thomas Corbett, jr. ceive the weekly paper for one year. €. W. Martin, Lewis V. Disher, Theodore
Annual advertising customers will receive a Gaillard, James H. Mashburn, James B. Camp- daily paper, and the use of one square, renewabell, Thos. Steedman, jr., L. B. Baker, Isaac ble once a week for one year, at fifty dollars: M. Lee, Samuel Mayrant, Daniel Horlbeck, new advertisements to bave at least one imser. F. G. Rolando.
tion in the inner form of the country paper. Col. B. F. 'Hunt proposed the subjoined re Advertisements in the daily and country, at solution, which was warmly received, and pass. one dollar per square, for the first three, and ed with the unanimous approbation of the twenty-five cents for each subsequent continu whole meeting :
ous insertion. No advertisement for less then Resolved, That this meeting sympathise with one dollar. All material alterations are consid. the relatives of the late General Sumter in his ered as new advertisements. Each distant or death; that, in common with his whole coun. der for an advertisement must be accompanied try, they mourn the departure of one of the by the cash, or enclosed through some known most venerable relics of the revolution ; that responsible person. we deprecate the effort to involve his name
All money due us, may be transmitted, at our with party conflicts of the day, and hold it risk, by mail
. In all cases the postage must wrong to disturb the repose of his declining be paid by our correspondents. This item of years with partisan importunities ; as one of our expenditure is onerous in the extreme. the purest patriots and bravest soldiers of the
Advertisements in the weekly, at the rate of country, we had learned to reverence him one dollar for the first insertion, not exceeding while living, and as such we cherish and honor one square. Each subsequent insertion fifty his memory, now that he is gathered to his cents per square. fathers.