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shower its favors alike on the high and the low, and twenty new cases and forty-four deaths on

prosecution of the inquiry. As the charter had but leaving each to move, unobstructed, in its
yet four years to runi, and as a renewal now proper orbit.
was not necessary to the successful prosecution Experience should teach us wisdom. Most of
of its business, it was to have been expected the difficulties our government now encounters
that the bank itself, conscious of its purity, and and most of the dangers which impend over our
proud of its character, would have withdrawn Union, have sprung from an abandonment of the
its application for the present, and demanded legitimate objects of government by our nation-
the severest scrutiny into all its transactions. al legislation, and the adoption of such princi-
In their declining to do so, there seems to be ples as are embodied in this act. Many of our
an additional reason why the functionaries of rich men have not been content with equal pro-
the Government should proceed with less tection and equal benefits, but have besought
haste, and more cautior, in the renewal of their us to make them richer by act of Congress. By

attempting to gratify their desires, we have, in The bank is professedly established as an the results of our legislation, arrayed section agent of the Executive branches of the Go. against section, interest against interest, and vernment, and its constitutionality is maintained man against man, in a fearful commotion which on that ground. Neither upon the propriety threatens to shake the foundations of our Union. of present action, nor upon the provisions of It is time to pause in our career, to review our this act, was the Executive consulted. It has principles, and, if possible, revive that devoted had no opportunity to say that it neither needs patriotism and spirit of compromise which disa nor wants an agent clothed with such powers, tinguished the sages of the revolution, and the and favored by such exemptions. There is fathers of our Union. If we cannot at once, in nothing in its legitimate functions which make justice to interests vested under improvident len it necessary or prisper. Whatever interest or gislation, make our government what it ought influence, whetber public or private, has given to be, we can, at lea r, take a stand against all birth to this act, it cannot be found either in new grants of monopolies and exclusive privin the wishes or necessities of the Executive De: leges, against any prostitution of our govern. partment, by which present action is deemed ment to the advancement of the few at the ex. premature, and the powers conferred upon its pense of the many, and in favor of compromise agent not only unnecessary, but dangerous to and gradual reform in our code of laws and systhe Government and country.

tem of political economy. It is to be regretted that the rich, and pow I have now done my duly to my country. If erful too, often bend the acts of Government sustained by my fellow-citizens, I shall be grateto their selfish purposes. Distinctions in soci- ful and happy; if nut, I shall find in the moety will always exist under every just Govern- lives which impel me ample grounds for con. ment. Equality of talents, of education, or tentment and.peace. In the difficulties which of wealth, cannot be produced by human insti. surround us, and the dangers which threaten tutions. In the full enjoyment of the gifts of our institutions, there is cause for neither dis. Heaven and the fruits of superior industry, may nor alarm. For relief and deliverance, let economy and virtue, every man is equally (us firmly rely on that kind Providence which, entitled to protection by law. But when the am sure, watches, with peculiar care, over the laws undertake to add to these natural and just destinies of our republic, akd on the intelli. advantages, artificial distinctions, to grant titles, gence and wisdom of our countrymen. Through gratuities, and exclusive privileges, to make the His abundant goodness and their patriotic derich richer, and the potent more powerful, the varion, our liberty and Union will be preserve humble members of society, the farmers, me ed.

ANDREW JACKSON. chanics, and laborers, who have neither the

Washington, July 10, 1832. time nor the means of securing like favors to themselves, have a right to complain of the ing

CHOLERA IN NEW YORK, justice of their Government. There are no necessary evils in government. Its evils exist A memorandum on a New York paper states only in iis ab ises. If it would confine itself to that on the 6th there had been 37 cases and 19

deaths. equial protection, and, as Heaven does its rains,

In New York is inereasing. One hundred the rich and the poor, it would be an unquali.

the 9th. fied blessing. In the act before me, there seen.s to be a wide and unnecessary departure

In Albany ten new cases and three deaths. from these just principles.

Nor is our Government to be maintained, or the UNITED STATES' TELEGRAPH our Union preserved, by invasions of the rights and powers of the several States. In thus at. tempting to make our General Government Washington City, upon the followong strong, we make it weak. Its true strength consists in leaving individuals and States, as Daily paper, per annum, much as possible, to themselves; in making it. Country paper, (three times a week during the cene

of CoQself felt, not in its power, but in its beneficence, not in its control, but in its protection, not in for six months, binding the States more closely to the centre,

Weekly paper,

Payable in advance

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... $2.50 PER ANNUM.


No 19.

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pork, with two quarts of salt to every hundred

of these ; with a quart of corn or corn meal to THE FRAUD.

each ration of meat. [See Doc. page 5. } The report of the majority of the committee Extract from Col. Sevier's (the Delegate concludes with a resolution declaring that John from Arkansas) testimony, page 71. 11. Eaton and Samuel Houston be entirely ac “ Corn, I should suppose, could have been quitted from all imputation of fraud, either had at from thirty-three to fifty cents per bushel; committed, or attempted to be committed by beef would average perhaps from two to two them, or either of them, in any matter relating and a half cents per pound; and salt generally to, or connected with the preinises.". was soldat from 80 to 100 cents per bushel." & Fraud, as defined by Noah Webster, is--de “I think the supplies could have been ob.

ceit , deception; trick, artifice, by which the tained there," (in the Arkansas te rritory.] right or interest of another is injured.-(See Part of these rations were to have been fur Webster's Dictionary.)

nished Indians residing near the State of MisWe know that the term " fraud,” in criminal suuri; and General Ashley, the representative of jurisprudence, has a technical meaning. This, that State, being examined, (see ducts, page however, is not a criminal proceeding ; and we 68,) says: shall examine the evidence, with a view to its "presume that one dollar and fifty cents application to the case before, us, in its com- may be considered the average price of good

mon acceptation. The charge is, thal Hous-beef throughout the State.”. .:. ton attempted, "by deceit, trick, and artifice, Upon these data, the cost of the ration is ea.

to obtain a contract, by which the right or in- sily estimated, taking the highest prices, say terest of another (the United States) would beef at $2 50, corn at 50 cents, and salt at $1. have been injured."

100 rations of beef, 14 lbs. each, It is now ad miited, that Houston did attempt at 2 1-2 cents per 15. is

$3 121 to get a contract for furnishing rations to eni 100 rations of corn, or 3 bushels grant Indians. We will first show what that of corn, at 50 cents, is

1 50 *ation should have cost.

Salt, say

8 The Secretary of War gives the following as Blr. Blake's bid :

Makiug, fur one hundred rations, $4 70 " WASHINGTON City, (Brown's) Or less than five cents per ration, at the high

19th March, 1830. est prices. "Sir: I will furnish rations to the Indians, Having thus found what the price ought to according to your adrertiseinent of the -20.h have been, we will examine what Mujer Eaton February last, for cight cents per ration. cuntemplated giving to Mr. Houston.

LUTHER BLAKE. Extract from D. Green's testimony, (pages To the llon. SECRETARY OF WAN.

24 and 25:) (See Document, page. 6.] “I believe, on the 13ch of March, I was Extract from Mr. Blake's testimony, page 65. in conversation with Major Eaton. He told

"After { returned to the western agency, me that he was about to close an important con. speaking of the bids and proposals to the contract for supplying the emigrant Indians with tractors, Joseph Cooper and Singleton Vaughn, rations; that he had ascertained that the ration of the State of Missouri, I told them what I had hail heretofore cost about twenty two cents; put in at. They told me my bid was a good that General II Juston had gone to New York, one. They had been very extensive contrac. and, having obtained a wealthy partner, (or setors in the northwestern country, and persuad curity,) would take the con ract at eighteen ed me, as the thing had not been seuiled, to cents. He estimated that the rations, at that claim my bid, and send oir my resignation, and rate, woull amount to twelve thousand dollars they would become concerned wiih me.per day, and seemed desirous to impress on my

Extract from the evidence of Col. Mcken- ninil a belief that the difference between twen. ney, page 19.

ty tio cent, and eighteen cen's per ration "I find from the figuring, which yet re would be so much såved to the government on mains in the uslice; that I estimated the cost of the issue to that extent. He spoke of The num. the ration at ten cents ; but assymeil, that if a ber of Indians whoni he expected to eñigrate, change were made in the mode of supplying which, as well as I recollect, he estimated from rations from the local agencies to a system of sixty to eighty thousand.". contracts, one-third of the cost might be de Witness afterwards called upon the Presi. ducted ; leaving six aná luo-third couts as the dent upon the subject. The following is his cost of the ration."

stalement of what passed betwoen them: The ration was to consist of "oite pound and {apologised for calhng, by referring imme. a quarter of fresh beef, or one pound of fresh diately to the contract; said that I was confident

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“ Then fullows the following words upon the quired for the faithful fulfilment of the connext page:" "He called on me, he said, by die tracts. No advances will be made. rection of the President, and said he wished to ** By order of the Secretary of War. make a contract for the emigrating Indians at a

"THOMAS L. McKENNEY. price greatly below what the Government was. “ Department of War, Office of Indian Affairs." paying on contracts made under the last admi. We have marked part of this advertisement nistration. The President had referred him iolin italics for the sake of reference.

He stated that the price of the ration was The Secretary of War being the agent of the tro great; and, besides, that the Indians were Government, it was his duty to guard the rights defrauded by the contractors. After convers. and interests of the U. States. He cannot be pering with General Houston, I wrote to the Pre. miitel to go out of the usual forms without he sident this letter.

J. H. EATUN.". can make it appear that it was for the advan. Here it is admitted that Houston applied to age of the Government. If, on the contrary, Eaton to make a prirate contract; thit be- i. shall appear that while ha advertised that he caused he believe that public men must act, might not “ secm to deserve censure," he ad. not merely not to deserve, but also not even to vertised in such formi as to prevent other perseem to deserve censur-," he proposed, "there. ons from bidding at a fair rate, he was guilty fore, to advertise, say thirty days, for propo which the rights and interests of the United States

uf a deceit, a trick, a deception, an artifice by The application for a private contract is prov. " fraud."')

were injured. (See Neah Webster's term ed. The cause for advertising is also provedl

As w the form of the advertisement. Gen. viz: that lie (Major Eaton,) might “not even Gibson heing examined: (See Doc. p. 23 ) seem to deserve censure." Now let us exam " Whether the said proposals were in the ine the proof upon this point, Why should usual form of advertising for supplies for the he advertise? Nut that he might give the coh. tract to Houston, but that he miglic give it to " Answer. As near as can be, except this the lowest bidder,

difference, that we advertise for supplies in This being the object of the adyortisement, bulk, and that the following words are not in. any thing which went to defeat competition, ser el: The right to be reserved to the Secretaand to prevent others from bidding down the ry of War, to enlurge or alter the quantity of the lowost rate, was “an artifice by which the righ! ration to be issued, and the right of continuing and interests of the United States were injured.' the contract to any period of time he may think (See Noah Webster's definition of fraud.) proper, and determine it at pleasure, when any

This brings up the advertisement, which was, of its conditions shall be broken.' But we have in the following words:

the right to reduce the quantity one third."

Thoinas L. McK: nney says, speaking of the "PROPOSALS

adversisement: (Sce Doc. p. 12. " Fur supplying emigrant Indians with rations 6 of this, however, I will not be certain; but West of the Mississippi:

if ihey were not altered by his, (Mr. Eaton's,) «rSealed proposals, and to be endorsed " Pro- certain. The original drafts are no doubt on

hand, ihey were by his dictation. Of this I am posals for rations," will be received by the Se- file in the Indian Department. If the commite crelary of War, until the 20th day of March 1830, for supplying rations to such Indians as

tegn think it necessary, these will determine my emigrate to their lands west of Arkansas whether the changes were made in his hand and Missouri; said rations to consist of one embraced the folloing words: “ The right to

writing or mine. The alterations, as I believe, pound and a quarter of fresh beef, and one be reserved to the Secretary of War to enlarge or pound of pork, with two quarts of salt to every alter the quantity of rations to be issued, and the one pound of beef, and three quarters of a right of continuing the contruct to any period of pound of pork, with a quart of corn, or corn

time he may think proper, and to determine it at me 1, to each ration of meat, whether fresh or broken. The points of delivery ot to exceed three

pleasure when any of the conditions shall be salt, or tighteen ounces of four. " The right to be reserved to the Secretary of nated by the Secretary of War."

in the country of either of the tribes, to be desig. War, to enlarge or alter the quantity of the rations to be issued; and the right of continuing

Again, in pages 18 and 19

Question by the chairman to Col. Mcken. the contract to any period of time he may think ney. Lok at the paper marked B, (it being proper, and to determine it at pleasure, when any one of the papers presented by Mr. Herring.) of the conditions shall be broken.

in woose handwriting is the following words "The points of delivery not to exceed three, contained in 3d.p.pei? in the country of either of the tribes, to be de. The right to be reserved to the Secretary of signated by the Secretary of War.

Wur to e large or aller the quantity of the ra. "The entire expense, whether of transporta- tions to be iss ved, and the right of continuing the tion, or issuing, or of building houses for the contract to any period of time he may think propreservation of the supplies, or any other, to per, and to determine it at pleusure when any of be borne by the contractor.

the c inditions shall be broken." "Bonds, with approved security, will be re.

“Answer. The handwriting of Mr. Eaton, the

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