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ses a plough, a hoe, an axe, aus of that systein of smuggling which is
e is compelled either to lis, that no State, taking the whole population item of incidental receipts, no great reliance capitalists of the country, el, at least, to the price of neighborhood of them, and produce artidos doubt, be collectable from old debts for many a reasonable revenue duty will give the domes.
with the doties added to it consumed by the laborers employed in the ears to come. You will then have a revenue dic articles a great advantage in eat object of the system. It but to all others living in the neighborhood, the of upwards of thirty millions. The estimated over the imported articles, and therefore this Comierce and exchanges in even to the laborers themselves who late to the public debt) is thirteen millions, three so far as relates to such articles. It is stated itizens of the United States price of provisions is rendered dearer, dependiture of the Government, (exclusive of tax on the community is wholly unnecessary, an them to purchase all their is enhanced, and a portion of their woga and two dollars. Deduct from this sum, three ton goods manufactured in the United States, may be most profitable to lilies, the price of the means of supporting the fundred and sixty-five thousand, two hundred by the advocates of the tariff, that certain cotanufacturers of the eastern price of all articles of clothing is advanced; De hundred and ninety-six thousand dollars, the competing successfully with articles of the
cause the manufacturer will not sell at a lowe diridends of the bank stock, and the ten thousame kind manufactured abroad. Will gentleent with the genius of our rate than will barely enable him to keep ouam dollars for incidental receipts, and you men be so good as to tell me how it happens Sion. It is an encroachment saine kind. This is the effect in the relat dzed and sixty-five thousand two hundred dol with the British fabric in another country, and as savouring strongly of ty- the competition of the foreiga articles of the need only the aim of nine millions eight bun, that the Americans can compete successfully
here. The great principle beyond the immediate neighborhood, the ri This is the sum government needs, nor is one portation and a revenue duty shall be placed vidual, by his labor, earns a the boasted advantages of this system code and ninety-eight dollars, over and above all the where; this is proved by their exportation and s whole earnings, and notes of the higher priced articles are felt withod auld, then, remain sixteen millions six hun-mistaken upon this subject. These articles
of it to be transferred to any corresponding benefit. Notwith the dred and thirty-four thousand seven hundred can be manufactured here as cheap as elsee the whole of it; and let no England, we hear, as the Senator from Nedettands of the government. Another thing is sale in foreign countries. But the retention of
voice" raised in opposition. Yes, Sir, wie imports will be increased and in this way a keep out of our markets the foreign articles, ennessee, we have a greater beard the still, small voice of justice founded upon the present amount of importa-by enables them to secure a monopoly, and of the goodness of its quality (Mr. Hrel) has frankly told us, that be ton fairly. Shall the people of the United force, and it is surely the most unfortunate law
Pittsburg, the Birmingham tion of high duties. Sir, I rejoice is les, for the purpose of enabling the domestic the Senate. No one owns in, or acknowledges njoy the benefit of that mar- comes forward and says, he does not will upon all the articles manufactured and sold by making it. It is thrown upon the wide world
things we want to make your constituents, one and system of taxation. Yet, this law cunstitutes Congress. Their language to us, is plainly favorable to a fair and equal adjustment of a
ay is a higher pnce for all the articles we the sacred ground, on wbich the unhallowed Ivania manufacturers in their that the agricultural State of Vernon permiltal to buy the same kind of articles tread. We are told not to touch it lest the
nale in foreig a countries, therefore, we insist whole system should be endangered. Sir,
Til ha constrained to buy of us at prices which WEBSTER,) two years ago in the debate on this in manufacturing it, I can see Hampshire; that agriculture fins deur brease the price, that your constituents from the Senator from Massachusetts, (Mr.
and whitude, which they have manifested see a bill presented by the Committee on Fihe rest of the community. 1 tallen, and the whole agricultural capith is the true cause of all that anxiety among forgotien things. My wish is now to
Hom the commencement of this system. Fornance, containing a list of the articles importTherefore I will consent to cessfully carried on between the Britis thuse, whose interests are in part determine what reduction can be made, with
UNITED STATES WEEKLY TELEGRAPH.
ple of the United States now pay in taxes, on confided to my care.
I will here remark, that dred thousand dollars. This is the sum which amount to twenty millions of dollars, and the climate, producing more and, in so doing, I have no fear of injuring any
will be paid into the Treasury for the present imported articles shall constitute one half of in former years, has ex- manufacturer of iron in the U. States.
year, from that source of revenue. From other tlie amount consumed in the United States, and sperity than at any former I have hitherto treated of this subject as it
Sources, that is the sale of public lands, bank the other half shall be supplied from the doak almost into poverty and operated upon different sections of the coun
dividends, and incidental receipts, four millions mestic manufactories, the people of the United se, to my mind, is quite try. I will now say something in relation to
the liundred thousand dollars, amounting, in States will be taxed to the amount of forty miloperation of this tariff, the its effect upon the people of the States most
the whole, to thirty millions one hundred thou- lions: of which, the one half arising from the bor of one portion of the favored by it I do this with difidence, be
and dollars. I know of no reason, I have duty on foreign imported articles goes into the ed to another. That opera calise my personal observation does not enable
Leard moge nisigned, which would authorize Treasury, and is of some public benefit , the this way, the grower of me to speak with confidence. When I have
in opinion that there will be a diminution other half goes into the hand of the domestic tion, is not permitted to spoken of the prosperity of New England,
of revenue, provided the duties remain at manufacturers, and is of no further advantage, how and where he cali, so only mean she is prosperous, when compared
the present rates. I admit, that upon the than as it increases the wealth of a few of the ageous to himself; but, by with other portions of the Union. My opinion
in making an estimate for the future ought
Gentlemen say, that most of the protected drol thoumnd dollara from this item, and only in foreign countries. If this be so they need retain ten thousand dollars, which will, no no protection. The cost of transportation and
our market mollitia of are was to of .
There upon the British article? Sir, we cannot be
n articles, at the increased together, has been benefitted by kis system those duties, or he must It is advantagedus to the capitalists who own es from New England at the manufactories, and it may afford a better anufacturers may choose to market to those who live in the immediate
ence and necessity from the this way lost to them. In adlitios tütars, the
of the citizens, and shoull of these establishments; but, as soon as yon Fy
his government, should be, are unmixed with goud. All the disadvanta
tute book, which will transfer ky, (Mr. Clay,) denominates it, "a still, others.
1 ore than is to be found in truth, and patriotism, from the Granite the United States; and we proclaiming the injustice and impolicy
it successfully and profita- system. The Senator from New Humper es production, we are under-a large interest in a cotton manufactor; turers of iron in Pennsylva- that he neither needs nor desires tlic pe
pannot tell how long we shall have one manufacturer upon this fiuo
men are so enamored with interest of the country sacrificed for as to exclude us from foreign emolument and gain; and I have no doubt ld not feel much astonished are many others who would do the
made, so to construe the they had seats here. I thank that have - United States as to prevent Senator for the information he has imported un Tennessee from competing his country upon this subject. He has ugh Tennessee posseses great within the last ten years, gained 20,004) e article of iron, and has muchpulation, upon the manufacturing State of opriety in looking to the inte-that there is now more cleared lands than a onmasters alone, regardles of for its cultivation; that the price of hyd favor them at the expense of mnch depressed in valut. He las alas
ction of the duty on iron, a-ces and the United States. principles of compromise,
Mr. President, according to the last se down before I take my seat report from the Treasury Department
, the pp