« ForrigeFortsett »
a plan of a Government Bank which has been the consumers of merchandize to its whole
. is to be ture and the people should be seasonably di- vy discount. The prediction of Mr. Lowndes, terranea rected to that important subject, and that it n 1819, must be fulfilled, " that the destruce be safe might be considered and finally disposed of inition of the United States Bank would be fol. of the page a manner best calculated to promote the ends of lowed by the establishment of paper money, he
is kelak the Constitution, and subserve the public inter. firmly believed ; he might almost say he knew. partit ests. Having thus conscientiously discharged It was an extremity, he said, from which the
a constitutional duty, I deem it proper, on this House would recoil.” The farmer must again discredinte occasion, without a more particular reference sell his grain to the country merchant for Siate
to the views of the subject then expressed, to bank paper at a discount of from ten to twen. leave it for the present to the investigation of ty, or even thirty per cent., in the nearest com. an enlightened people and their representa- mercial city. The mercbant must receive from Lives."
the farmer the same paper in exchange for all I put it solemnly, now, to honorble men of the merchandise he consumes. The merchant all parties and opinions, to be answered in can- with this money must purchase other merchan.
dor at this crisis in our affairs, what is this dise in the cities, and must often sell it at an pent of the scheme, this only constitutional scheme of a advance on that price, to the farmer, of twenty
National Bank? What are the features of that per cent. to save himself from loss. pret bank, than which there is no other which can The depreciation of the paper thus operates
obtain the Executive sanction? It is, Sir, that as a tax on the farmer, the mechanic, and all
denounced by every other intelligent man, of amount. The loss of confidence among men, every political party, in every part of the coun- the total derangement of that admirable system try.. No one not the most zealous political of exchanges which is acknowledged to be beto partisan--not even a single ribald editor, seek. ter than exists in any other country on the ing office, bas ever yet dared to stand up in globe, overtraping and speculating on false cathe face of the country, and proclaim the opi.pital in every part of the country, that rapid nion that such a bank could be tolerated in a fluctuation in the standard of value for money, free country. Both in and out of these halls which, like the unseen pestilence, withers all such a scheme has been ridiculed by men of all the efforts of industry, while the sufferer is fin parties. The Committee of Ways and Means'utter ignorance of the cause of his destruction; of the other House, composed of his strongest bankruptcies and ruin, at the anticipation of political friends, in the first year of his admini- which the heart sickens must followin the long stration, in their report on this part of the Pre-train of evils which are assuredly before us. sident's message of 1829, speaking of the "cor- Where then-where then, I demand to know, rupting influence which such an institution sir, is the remedy to save us? In a Governwould exercise over the elections of the coun. ment Bank-a branch of the Treasury-without try," declared it to be "irresistible," and add- stockholders or property without the power to ed—"No matter by what means an administra- issue a dollar of paper, or to loan a dollar of any tion might get into power, with such a tremen-kind--without the abilty to deal in exchanges, dous engine in their hands, it would be almost except so far as may be necessary, to pay its offiimpossible to displace them without some miru. cers for standing behind the counter-controlling culous interposition of Providence.”
the State Bank emissions of unsound currency I ask, what is to be done for the country ! only by refusing to take their notes in payment All thinking men must now admit, that as the of the custom house bonds when the Executive present bank must close its concerns in less may think them about to prove refractory at an than four years, the pecuniary distress, the election. commercial embarrassments, consequent upon
To such a Bank no Congress ever did nor its destruction, must exceed any thing which ever will consent while fwe remain freemen. has ever been known in our history, unless I say then, sir, that while these remain the some other bank can be established to relieve opinions of the President, this Government can us. Eight and a half millions of the bank ca-establish no Bank whatever. pital, belonging to foreigners, must be drawn The Veto Message before us, does also pre from us to Europe. Seven millions of the ca- scribe, as an indispensable requisite to the for. pital must be paid to the Government, not to pation of a constitutional Bank, the insertion be loaned again, but to remain, as the President of a clause in any act for its establishment, proposes, deposited in a branch of the Trea- granting to the States the right to tax the bran bury, to check the issues of the local banks. ches. All around me know, and the President The immense available resources of the present well knew when be signed this, that Congress institution, amounting, as appears by the
report will never give their assent to such a principle in the other House, to $82,057,483, are to be - principle by which the people of States used for banking no longer, and nearly fifty mil- which have no branches are to be taxed by lions of dollars in notes discounted, on personal States having branches. For that reason, also, and other security, must be paid to the bank. I repeat, we can have no Bank. Let the counThe State banks must pay over all their debts try understand it. to the expiring institution, and curtail their The President complains of us as if we bad discounts to do so, or resort, for the relief of really invaded his privileges in umitting to ask their debtors, to the old plan of emitting more his opinion, before we dared to act on this suba paper, to be bought up by speculators at a hea.ject. He not only claims the right to reject
our bill when passed, but tell us roundly that the 27th, there were new cases of malignant had the Executive been called upon to furnish cholera 73, deaths 23. the project of a bank, he does not doubt but At Brooklyn, 13 new cases, 7 deaths. he could have directed us how to make a con Jersey City, 7 cases, 4 deaths. stitutional bank; and he adds, "this duty would The New York Mercantile Advertiser says: have been cheerfully performed by him." " The Report of the Board of Health shows What duty? The duty of prescribing the whole that the epedemic continues to decrease. The course of our legislation, while he reserves spirits of our citizens revive daily, and their the right to reject it, when we have done it. faces beam with added content." When we wished to ask him the reasons for the Albany, 26th July.-New cases 32, deaths 7. removal of public officers, we were told that Newburgh, N. v.–2 cases, (colored,) dead our demand on him would be a mere brutum Philadelphia.- No new cases. fulmen which he would disregard. When Montreal, July 22.12 new cases, 20 deaths we desired to know even of one of the New York, -The following is the report of heads of department why he had removed the New York Board of Health for the 24 hours * thousand faithful public servants, his friends ending on Saturday at 10 o'clock: suppressed all inquiry into his conduct
New Cases. Deaths lest it might disclose impeachable malter. City, private practice, 93
37 When we knock we find the doors locked
49 26 when we fail to knock we are censured for neg. Bellevue,
4 Ject of duty. Sir, we did put this question to Harleem,
1 the President in the mode prescribed by the constitution, and in no other. We passed a
145 68 bill liable to no objection from constitutional The above, it must be observed, includes scruples, as we thought--we restricted the not only the city, but the cases in the poor
. powers of the present bank in every provision house and the hospitals. of the bill, diminished the term of its charter The New York Courier and Enquirer, e from twenty to fifteen years, while we increased tra, of Saturday, says: the amount of tar upon it from a million and a
“We bave again the pleasure of congratuhalf (the former bonus) to three millions of dol. dating our fellow-citizens upon the renewedevi
: lars. We complied, as we thought, with every cence that the pestilence is leaving us. The proper suggestion of the Secretary of the Trea- lases reported yesterday are NINETEEN ( sury, the Executive officer, and the only officer than the day before, and the deaths NINE less whose duty it was by law to advise us on the Besides this, the report
of interments by choo subject, and who at the beginning of this ses- lera, (the best
test of the
state of the disease,) sion told us how important it was to re-charter exhibits a decrease of TEN. this very bank to enable him to collect the ro The interments from Cholera, during the 21 venue and conduct the fiscal concerns of the hours ending at 8 o'clock on Sunday last were Government. Yet we are gravely. taxed for 152, being 89 more than during the same * not asking " the Executive" what we should riod ending at 8 o'clock yesterday morning have done, and are reminded that it was his
We are happy to add, that, from the duty not only to reject our doings, but to legis. per of new cases received at the principal cho late in advance of us-thus leaving us only to lera hospitals yesterday afternoon, we are.com register his rescprits and submit to his will firmed in the belief that the dreadful diseases If this doctrine be sound it was idle to speak rapidly on the decline." of “submitting this measure to the wisdom of
BROOKLYN, ---New cases 13, death 7, of which Congress" three years ago. The President 2 are in the hospital
. had need only to have declared to us sic volo,
ALBANY, 27th July.–New cases 40, deaths sic juebo sic: veto, and we might at once 13. have returned to our homes. Sir, it would have been an infinitely more unimportant usur- deaths.
Glas@o, near Poughkeepsie, 18 casen ? pation of power had the Senate, at the com.
Burraco, 2 cases, no deaths. mencement of the present session, claimed it)
Several other cases have appeared in dem as their duty to inform the
President what offi- tached places. cers he should nominate for their advice and
JERSEY Carr, N. J. 7 cases, 4 deaths.
NEW BRUNSWICK, July 28, 3 cases 3 deaths I should not have prolonged this debate at
PAILADELPHIA, July 28, 2000, 6 cases, o this late hour, by any remarks of mine, had I dead, 1 convalescent. not felt the necessity of calling the attention of
Sunday, 29th, at noon, 6 cases, 1 death. the Senate and the country to the true issue
Two cases have occurred in Newport, Rhode now tendered for our acceptance. The ques. Island, both of which
have terminated fatally. tion once understood—whether we shall have any bank to regulate our currency and relieve
LAND PATENTS. our distresses, i canuot doubt I will not suffer
Our correspondent who writes to us on the myself to doubt-what will be the verdict of subject, is informed that Congress had the that country on the issue joined.
subject under consideration at the last session,
and that the reason why patents have been a THE CHOLERA. The New York papers of Saturday state
that, siga them.
long delayed, is, that the President cunost in the 24 hours ending at 10 o'clock, A. M. of
WASHINGTON, AUGUST 13, 1832.
VOL. VI..............BY DUFF GREEN.. $2.50 PER ANNUM ...............No. 22.
FROM THE GLOBE OF YESTERDAY
the nomination, which has been associated with
that of Gen. Jackson in almost every State of MR. BARBOUR AND THE VICE PRESI. the Union; and he cannot, therefore, with proDENCY.
priety, assume the nomination tendered him, as We copy below, from the Globe, the corres. emphatically that of “the State” of North pondence between Gov. Iredell, on the part
Carolina, but merely of a party in that State. of the Convention who met at Raleigh, North
And of what party in North Carolina? We Carolina, and nominated Judge Barbour as a
are expressly told by the Fayetteville Journal, candidate for the Vice Presidency, and Mr. that those favoring Mr. Barbour's pretensions Barbour's reply. We have also given the are, “to a man either Clayites or Calhounites." comment of the Globe, that our readers may
We are perfectly aware, and every member of see the manner in which.that print is resolved Congress will bear witness to the fact, that to keep "Gen. Jackson's skirts" for the use
persons in Wasbingion, who were busy of Mr. Van Buren.
throughout the last session, in pressing Mr. Judge Barbour has been put in nomination Barbour's pretensions, and most instrumental without his solicitation, and, if elected, will in having him nominated in opposition to the
That Mr. Van Buren cannot be elect- Baltimore nomination, were wholly devoted to ed, we believe does not admit a doubt.-Io.
the objects of the coalition in the Senate. The friends of Messrs. Calhoun and Clay openly
favored il-and Branch, Green, and others, JUDGE BARBOUR.
most decidedly hostile to the President, were We give this gentleman's letter in reply to the active instruments in trying to gei up a Mr. Iredell's noie, conveying to him the pro
Jackson ticket, with Mr. Barbour's name ceedings of the meeting at Raleigh. It is dif- on it
, to defeat the wishes of the great ficult to understand from the letter in what body of the Jackson party throughout sense the Judge takes the communication made
the Union. Whether Mr. Barbour is to him. He refers to the resolutions which willing to lay hold of the President's skirts, speaks of his political course with approbation, at the bidding, and under the auspices of and expresses great sati-faction for the evidence his deadliest enemies, for the purpose of it bears of the estimation of that portion of his defeating the will of the republican party-of countrymen,” from whom it proceeds; but he defeating an election by the people, and giving seems to put aside the nomination from his con. the power to Poindexter and 'three or four sideration, by saying that there dwells in Chis) others, to put the choice of Vice President upon bosom no thirst for office
, no longing after polithe casting vote of Mr. Calhoun, remains to be tical advancement," and that he values it only
How it would be cast no man will doubt, as “a spontaneous, unsolicited honor done him who understands the rela'ions now subsisting by the State of North Carolina.
between Messrs. Clay and Calhoun, and that We are led to believe that Judge Barbour the selection, in such case, will be confined to does not intend, by this note, to put himself in Mr. Van Buren and Mr. Sergeant, who will the attitude of a candidate, because it is wholly certainly be the two highest candidates. incompatible with the impartial, unsuspected character which a Judge should hold. As, therefore, he has not resigned his official
Letter from Judge Barbour. —Pursuant to a power as a federal Judge, we cannot construe resolution of the Jackson and Barbour Convenhis letter into an assent to become the can- tion, held in this city last month, the President didate of a party for the Vice Presidency.
of that body transmitted a copy of its proceed. Judge Barbour, we think, présumes ratherings to Presiden Jackson and the Hon. Philip too much in his reply, when he speaks of the P. Barbour. We now have the pleasure of prehonor tendered as proceeding from the State of senting to our readers a letter from Judge Bar. North Carolina, if he means by the "unsolicited bour, acknowledging the receipt of those prohonor the nomination for the Vice Presidency. ceedings, and in reply to the nute of the PresiHe cannot be unconscious that another very dent of the Convention; both of which are sub. respectable meeting of citizens of North Caro joined: lina, the representatives of the people, as
RALEIGH, N. C. June 28, 1832. sembled at Raleigh, had recommended a con SIR: In obedience to a resolution adop'ed at vention of the delegates of all the States at a convention of a number of the citizens of this Baltimore, as the proper mode of selecting a State, assembled at this city, on the 18th inst., candidate for the Vice Presidency, to be sup- 1 have the honor to forward to you a copy of ported on the Jackson ticket; that delegates their proceedings, and to assure you of their for North Carolina attended, and concurred in confidence that the nominations they have made
FROM THE RALEIGH STAR.
for the offices of President and Vice President a pretty severe kicking tlicy gave him; but of the United States, will meet with the con- some of them compensated for former kicks, currence of a large majority of the freemen of by the grossest adulation and subserviency, this State.
and he has now taken them to his bosom a I have the honor to be
his best friends to the honor of both pass With great respect,
ties, it may be said that his most violent ene. Your obtd't servant, mies have become his most devoted partisana
JA. IREDELL. from-interest; and many of his old friends have The Hon. PHILIP P. BABBOUR.
become lukewarm, if not his enemies-from
principle. FRESCATI, July 6, 1832. DEAR SIR: I have received your letter of the The Intelligencer has discovered that South 28th ultimo, enclosing the proceedings of the Carolina is in earnest, and that she intends to convention, which lately met at Raleigh, and nullify the tariff !! and exclaims, "We almost wbich did me the honor of nominating me as fear that they are too much committed to halt in Vice President of the United States.
their career, when all is conceded that they I feel a deep sense of obligation to my fellow. first thought of asking, viz. a reduction of citizens of North Carolina, for this decided proof duties to the wants of the Goverament
, after of their good opinion and confidence. paying the public debt" and has the unblushing
It affords me much gratification to perceive impudence to add " This concession has been that my political course has met their approba- made by the bill which has so hoppily become o tion. It is one which I have pursued from a
law." thorough conviction, that it was correct in prin.
The wants of the Government” is an equi. ciple; that it was in true accord with the com- vocal term, and had it not been qualified by pact which binds the States together; and, in the assertion, that a reduction of the duties to the short, that it was only one, which, by restrain-wants of the Government was all that the south ing the Federal and State Governments within asked in the first instance, the conducters of their respective spheres, would avoid those col.that print might escape by saying, that, in lisions so calculated to endanger the harmony of their opinion, the Government wants the our Union, and the happiness of our common 22 millions which it is conceded will be country. It adds to the gratification, that there raised under the bill which has so hoppily were three of your body who had been actors pagsed!!" with me in public affairs; one of whom was a But the south understands the “ wants of the tried public servant when I first entered upon Government” in another sense. They refer to the political theatre to act my part, and with the the times when the average current expendiothers of whom I have served in more moderni ture of ina Government was about eight mil. times. The evidence of such men is, in some lions, and they will not be content until the tax. sort, like the verdict of a jury from the vicin. es are reduce to something like the same sum. age. I am happy, too, in receiving the asgurance " But,” says the Intelligencer, “we hear of of the concurrence of a large majority of the free. Gov. Hamilton proclaiming that a great battle men of your State. To you, who know me, I feel is to be fought on the banks of the Potomac," that I may, in the expectation of full credence, which that print has the modesty to interpret say that there dwells in my bosom no thirst for of. into a battle of “ blood and carnage," and come fice, no longing after political advancement, forts its readers by asserting that South Caroli
. and that I value this spontaneous, this unsolicit na “will find no support from any other State." ed honor dune me by your State much more for No one knows better than these wily editors, the evidence it bears of the estimation of that that Gor. Hamilton referred to the battle in portion of my countrymen, than I do for any Congress on the subject of the tariff--no one tendency which it may have towards my official knows better than these editors do, that no one promotion, even if success were certain. in South Caroling anticipates a civil war. The With sincere esteem,
nullifiers look to the interposition of the State Yours respectfully,
as a peaceful and legitimate mode of arresting P. P. BARBOUR. the unequal operation of the tariff; and relying Hon. JAMES IR EDELL,
on this exercise of the reserved rights of the President of the late Raleigh Convention. State, they do not ask for aid from any other
State, except it be, that each State
, within its
But why does the Intelligencer now mister;
her part, in its execution, by her judiciary and I now cease. All their predictions in relation to her juries, be an act of war or of rebellion General Jackson's attacking the tariff in detail, Will that be treason against the United States and insidiously cutting up the principle of proor will it be disunion ?
tection by the roots, had been falsified. He We will ask, further, if such a declaration had done nothing in reference to it, which had
by South Carolina, and its prosecution by her not now the sanction Mr. Clay's vole to supthane juries and her judiciary, will authorise the Pre-port it."
sident to blockade her port of Charleston ? In Such is the explanation which Mr. Breathitt, what part of our statute will be found such au. who is a decided partisan of the administration, thority? The President does not claim the pow- gives to General Jackson's "judicious tariff.” er to blockade the Malays; will he claim the right The term is further explained by the fac: that to enact a civil war? It is well to look into the the expenditure under the administration of staluto book for the authority, and to trace the Mr. Monroe, was from eight to ten millions per consequences, before gentlemen render them- annum. The expenditure of the present year relves ridiculous,, But we anticipate that we is admitted to be upwards of nineteen millions. shall be told that Congress will give the pow. Thus it appears that a reduction of the revenue er that Congress will enforce the collection down to the wants of the Government, means of the revenue at the point of the bayonet ! raising the expenditure up to the amount of the We do not believe that Congress will do any revenue. This is an easy mode of adjusting such thing. All that South Carolina asks is a the tariff. But it remains to be seen' whether convention of the States, to adjust the ques- the Stevensons, the Archers, and the Speights tion of power ; and he must really delight in of the south, can prevail on the honest farmers “ blood and carnage," who supposes that Con- and planters to believe that it is “ judicious." gress will enter into a civil war in preference We ask every southern man to examine for to calling a convention. But we say, that, for himself, and ask himself what we have to gain ourselves, we are prepared for either alterna- by throwing up our caps and huzzaing for Antive, and that, in either case, we are with South drew Jackson, when he is using all his influ. Carolina. So long as there is hope, we will ence to fasten on us this odious and oppressive wield our pen ; when that ceases we will, system as a permanent measure? He and Mr. but no: until then, adopt the sword, If she is Clay are now united in policy; there is no dif. to be gacrificed, the tyrant will be met on the ference between them, except that General banks of the Potomac, and many, very many Jackson uses the patronage of the Government are the sons of her sister States who will rally to divide and weaken the south. He professes beneath her standard. We say to her gallant friendship to betray. We must ccase our sense. sons, go on ; yours is the cause of liberty, less adulations, or we will cease to be free! and the eyes of all her votaries are upon you !
The year 1769 is remarkable for the birth of We did not suppose that any partisan of Ge- many illustrious men. Napoleon, Wellington, neral Jackson, would have the boldness to as. Walter Scott, Schiller, Cuvier, Chateaubriand, sert that the late tariff bill had reduced the and Canning, were born in that year, when “duties down to the wants of the Government.” the star of intellect must have been in ils se. But we find in the Louisville Advertiser, the nith. The most distinguished warriors, natu. following comment on a speech made by Mr. ralists, poets, and statesmen of the age were Breathitt, the Jackson candidate for Governor born in the same year, and, with the excep. of Kentucky.
tion Of Chateaubriand, none were of exalted “Upon the Tariff, but few observations were family.--Pennsylvanian. submitted. The Col. remarked that he could The Pennsylvanian might have added to the not do less than congratulate his country upon the above the names of Lord Liverpool and Lond settlement of this vexatious and threatning ques-Castlereagli, the most inveterate and constant tion. "A judicious tariff,” had at length been political opponents of Napoleon. established; one wbich, while it lightened the burdens of the people, also preserved safe the THE SUBSCRIPTION OF THE GLOBE. principle of protection.
The editor of the Globe was lately taunting "In this, the policy of the administration the editor of the National Intelligencer about and the oft-repeated and earnest recommenda. its subscription list, and boasting of its own. tions of the Executive, had been fully sustained Little credit was given at the time to the article by the representatives of the people. He re- in the Globe, but we are inclined to think that marked that he was much gratified to discover, it had much better foundation than most of its that Mr. Clay himself, although lingering long articles. More credit would have been attach, at the threshold, had finally been pruselyted eu to it at the time, had it then been known, and joined the Republican party and the Presi. what now is undeniably the case, that high and dent, in this great work of relieving the people responsible officers of the Government, under from the oppressive weight of taxation under the immediate eye of the Executive, and no which they had been suffering since the war. doubt with his consent and approbation, were In this Mr. Clay had become a Jackson man-devoting that time which ought to be employ. he had voted for the tariff recommended by the in the business of their office, in writing circúPresident, and upon this subject, at least, he lars soliciting subscriptions and money for the thought the clamor of the opposition should Globe.